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    CASE(S) OF THE WEEK

  • MOHAMMAD AZANUL HAQIMI TUAN AHMAD AZAHARI v. TIMBALAN MENTERI DALAM NEGERI, MALAYSIA & ORS [2019] 8 CLJ 465
    FEDERAL COURT, PUTRAJAYA
    DAVID WONG DAK WAH CJ (SABAH & SARAWAK), BALIA YUSOF WAHI FCJ, TENGKU MAIMUN TUAN MAT FCJ, ABANG ISKANDAR FCJ, NALLINI PATHMANATHAN FCJ
    [CRIMINAL APPEAL NO: 05(HC)-134-05-2018(B)]
    17 JUNE 2019

    Abstract: A detenu detained under the Dangerous Drugs (Special Preventive Measures) Act 1985 is entitled to make representations to the Advisory Board either personally or through a representative; where such detenu is present before the Board but denied the right to be represented by counsel, he is effectively denied his entire right to make representations, and is thus entitled to a writ of habeas corpus and be released from detention.

    PREVENTIVE DETENTION: Habeas corpus – Detention order – Detention under Dangerous Drugs (Special Preventive Measures) Act 1985 – Representation before Advisory Board – Right to be represented by counsel – Request for second adjournment refused – Advisory Board proceeded to hear applicant without counsel – Whether a serious procedural breach – Whether writ ought to be issued – Dangerous Drugs (Special Preventive Measures) Act 1985, ss. 3 & 9

    EVIDENCE: Adverse inference – Detention order – Detention under Dangerous Drugs (Special Preventive Measures) Act 1985 – Application for writ of habeas corpus – Representation by counsel at hearing of representation – Whether denied by Advisory Board – Conflict of evidence – Minutes of Board hearing – Whether material evidence – Refusal to disclose minutes to court – Whether a suppression of material evidence – Whether attracting adverse inference – Evidence Act 1950, s. 114(g) – Dangerous Drugs (Special Preventive Measures) Act 1985, ss. 3 & 9

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  • LEMBAGA KUMPULAN WANG SIMPANAN PEKERJA lwn. PERSATUAN BOLA SEPAK KELANTAN & YANG LAIN [2019] 8 CLJ 527
    MAHKAMAH TINGGI MALAYA, KOTA BHARU
    AHMAD BACHE H
    [RAYUAN JENAYAH NO: DA-12A-06-07-2017]
    23 NOVEMBER 2018

    Abstract: Sebagai pertubuhan amal yang tidak mengaut keuntungan dan didaftar di bawah Akta Pembangunan Sukan 1997, Persatuan Bola Sepak Kelantan bukan “association of persons” seperti yang dimaksud oleh s. 46 Akta Kumpulan Wang Simpanan Pekerja 1991, dan pemegang-pemegang jawatan Persatuan bukan “office bearers” seperti yang diperuntuk seksyen yang sama. Oleh itu, KWSP tiada apa-apa kausa tindakan terhadap Persatuan dan tidak boleh menuntut apa-apa pembayaran caruman dari Persatuan.

    PROSEDUR SIVIL: Pembatalan – Permohonan membatalkan writ saman dan pernyataan tuntutan – Sama ada tuntutan terhalang oleh prinsip res judicata – Sama ada writ saman dan pernyataan tuntutan mendedahkan kausa tindakan – Sama ada tuntutan terhalang oleh had masa – Sama ada penggabungan defendan-defendan tindakan betul bawah undang-undang – Sama ada writ saman dan pernyataan mendedahkan maklumat jelas dan terperinci – Sama ada writ saman dan pernyataan tuntutan wajar dibatalkan – Sama ada tuntutan satu salah guna proses mahkamah – Kaedah-kaedah Mahkamah 2012, A. 18 k. 19

    PROSEDUR SIVIL: Res judicata – Pemakaian – Pihak menuntut pernah membuat tuntutan sama di Mahkamah Tinggi – Kes dibatalkan oleh Mahkamah Rayuan – Pihak menuntut tidak pernah memohon agar kes yang dibatalkan disambung semula – Sama ada tuntutan baharu berdasarkan kausa tindakan dan fakta sama, terhadap pihak-pihak yang sama – Sama ada tuntutan terhalang oleh prinsip res judicata – Sama ada tuntutan satu salah guna proses mahkamah

    PROSEDUR SIVIL: Kausa tindakan – Tuntutan tunggakan caruman Kumpulan Wang Simpanan Pekerja (‘KWSP’) – Lembaga KWSP menuntut terhadap pertubuhan amal dan pekerja-pekerja sukarela – Sama ada pertubuhan amal majikan Lembaga KWSP – Sama ada pekerja-pekerja sukarela menerima gaji dan upah daripada pertubuhan amal – Sama ada pertubuhan amal wajib membuat caruman KWSP – Sama ada Lembaga KWSP mempunyai kausa tindakan membuat tuntutan terhadap pertubuhan amal dan pekerja-pekerja sukarela – Akta Kumpulan Wang Simpanan Pekerja 1991, s. 2

    PROSEDUR SIVIL: Pihak-pihak – Gabungan – Tuntutan tunggakan caruman Kumpulan Wang Simpanan Pekerja terhadap pertubuhan amal dan pekerja-pekerja sukarela – Pertubuhan amal dan pekerja-pekerja sukarela digabungkan sebagai defendan-defendan dalam satu tindakan – Sama ada fakta masa dan jumlah tuntutan terhadap setiap defendan sama – Sama ada tindakan menggabungkan defendan-defendan dibenarkan bawah undang-undang

    PROSEDUR SIVIL: Pliding – Writ saman dan pernyataan tuntutan – Tuntutan tunggakan caruman Kumpulan Wang Simpanan Pekerja terhadap pertubuhan amal dan pekerja-pekerja sukarela – Sama ada writ saman dan pernyataan tuntutan mendedahkan maklumat yang jelas dan terperinci – Sama ada butir-butir tuntutan lengkap – Sama ada writ saman dan pernyataan tuntutan wajar dibatalkan – Kaedah-kaedah Mahkamah 2012, A. 18 k. 19

    HAD MASA: Tuntutan – Tuntutan tunggakan caruman Kumpulan Wang Simpanan Pekerja terhadap pertubuhan amal dan pekerja-pekerja sukarela – Sama ada tuntutan di dalam had masa – Sama ada Akta Kumpulan Wang Simpanan Pekerja 1991 memperincikan pengecualian terhadap pemakaian mana-mana Akta berkaitan had masa – Sama ada Akta Had Masa 1953 terpakai – Sama ada terdapat kelewatan terlampau dalam memfailkan tuntutan – Sama ada doktrin laches terpakai – Sama ada tuntutan memprejudis pertubuhan amal dan pekerja-pekerja sukarela

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  • ARTICLE HIGHLIGHT

    Court finds firm wholly to blame for worker's injuries

    SINGAPORE
    Tort
    Maintenance company entirely to blame for worker's injuries
    Employer argued man unexpectedly fell, but judge finds co-worker's evidence untruthful. The High Court placed total blame on a maintenance company for injuries suffered by a worker who fell from a 7m-high fireman's ladder while cleaning and waterproofing a ventilation duct. The court held Proof-Tech Waterproofing & Maintenance (Proof-Tech) liable to compensate Mr Md Suzon Miah Md Abdul Razak, for failing to ensure his safety. Mr Suzon, now 31, fell when he was standing near the top of the ladder at the worksite in Toh Tuck Link on June 26, 2015. Mr Suzon, who got married two months earlier, suffered a spinal fracture and became a paraplegic.

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  • Singapore braces for challenges in the job market

    SINGAPORE
    Employment
    Workforce grappling with twin challenges of ageing population, technological disruption
    Singapore’s workforce is grappling with the twin challenges of an aging population and job losses due to technology. According to a report on the burden of disease in Singapore between 1990 and 2017, the Southeast Asian nation surpassed Japan in 2017 to become the country with the longest life expectancy at birth — at nearly 85 years old. Longer life expectancy, coupled with a low fertility rate, has increased the proportion of older people in the country. As a result, the city state’s workforce is rapidly shrinking, creating pressure on the economy.

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  • Stricter NRIC data collection rules to kick in from Sunday

    SINGAPORE
    Data protection
    Illegal for organisations to physically hold on to individual's NRIC from Sunday
    Non-compliance could result in penalty of up to $1m; firms revising SOPs for data collection. Companies have less than a week to comply with stricter rules by Singapore's privacy watchdog governing the use, collection and disclosure of the NRIC and other national identification numbers. In a statement yesterday, the Personal Data Protection Commission (PDPC) reminded organisations that unless required by law, from Sept 1, it will be illegal for organisations to physically hold on to an individual's NRIC and collect its full number. This applies to birth certificate numbers, foreign identification numbers and work permit numbers as well. The commission had announced changes to the NRIC advisory guidelines last year as a result of established practices that involved the rampant use of the NRIC.

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  • Feedback sought on conditional fees for lawyers

    SINGAPORE
    Legal profession
    Public feedback sought on proposed Conditional Fee Agreements
    The Law Ministry (MinLaw) is seeking public feedback on a proposed payment option in which a lawyer is paid only when the claim is successful. The proposed Conditional Fee Agreements (CFAs) is an additional payment method being considered for international and domestic arbitration cases, as well as specified proceedings in the Singapore International Commercial Court and mediation cases connected to them. The move is in line with Singapore's aim to be a leading international legal hub, said MinLaw yesterday, adding that the views sought are on the proposal to introduce CFAs and the stated categories of proceedings for which they are intended.

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  • Deliveroo sued by former worker who alleges exploitation and underpayment

    AUSTRALIA
    Employment
    Food delivery giant Deliveroo accused of exploiting bicycle couriers
    Food delivery giant Deliveroo is being sued by one its former workers in a case that could have major ramifications for the gig economy. The company is accused of exploiting its bicycle couriers by failing to pay the minimum wage, penalty rates and superannuation. Former delivery rider Jeremy Rhind will argue in the Federal Circuit Court, that he should have been paid an hourly minimum of $19.49. Instead, Deliveroo paid him $9 per delivery. Mr Rhind agreed to the "low rate of pay" because he was a keen cyclist who wanted to make "extra pocket money" to supplement his office job in Canberra.

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  • ACT 807
    Service Tax Act 2018
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    Customs Duties (Goods Under the Framework Agreement on Comprehensive Economic Co-Operation Between Asean and China) (Asean Harmonised Tariff Nomenclature) Order 2014



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