SIS FORUM (MALAYSIA) V. KERAJAAN NEGERI SELANGOR;
MAJLIS AGAMA ISLAM SELANGOR (INTERVENER)

FEDERAL COURT, PUTRAJAYA
TENGKU MAIMUN TUAN MAT CJ
ROHANA YUSUF PCA
AZAHAR MOHAMED CJ (MALAYA)
ABANG ISKANDAR CJ (SABAH & SARAWAK)
MOHD ZAWAWI SALLEH FCJ
VERNON ONG LAM KIAT FCJ
ZALEHA YUSOF FCJ
HARMINDAR SINGH DHALIWAL FCJ
RHODZARIAH BUJANG FCJ
[CASE NO: BKA-1-01-2021(W)]
21 FEBRUARY 2022
[2022] CLJ JT (3)

AbstractSection 66A of the Administration of the Religion of Islam (State of Selangor) Enactment 2003 – the Selangor State law that attempts to give Syariah courts the power to hear and decide judicial reviews – is unconstitutional and void as it is a provision which the Selangor State Legislative Assembly has no power to make. The judicial power of the Federation, which includes judicial review (constitutional and statutory) is vested by constitutional design solely in the civil superior courts. This decision makes clear the demarcation between the civil courts and the Syariah courts, and is important for reiterating that the constitutional design of our Federal system reposes judicial power exclusively in the civil courts as the guardians of the Federal Constitution, which is the supreme law of the land.

ADMINISTRATIVE LAW: Judicial review – Application for – Challenging validity of fatwa – Whether High Court dispossessed of any jurisdiction to consider validity of fatwa – Whether validity of fatwa to be determined in Syariah court in accordance with s. 66A of Administration of the Religion of Islam (State of Selangor) Enactment 2003 – Whether Selangor State Legislative Assembly ('SSLA') has authority to make enactment giving Syariah courts power to carry out judicial reviews of Islamic authorities' decisions – Whether item 1, List II (State List) of Ninth Schedule of Federal Constitution conferred powers on SSLA to enact s. 66A – Whether s. 66A unconstitutional and void – Whether judicial power of Federation, including judicial reviews, rests solely in civil courts – Federal Constitution, arts. 4(1) & 121(1)

CONSTITUTIONAL LAW: Legislation – Validity of State legislation – Section 66A of Administration of the Religion of Islam (State of Selangor) Enactment 2003 – Whether Syariah courts have power to hear and decide judicial reviews – Whether Selangor State Legislative Assembly ('SSLA') has authority to make enactment giving Syariah courts power to carry out judicial reviews of Islamic authorities' decisions – Whether item 1, List II (State List) of Ninth Schedule of Federal Constitution conferred powers on SSLA to enact s. 66A – Whether s. 66A unconstitutional and void – Whether judicial power of Federation, including judicial reviews, rests solely in civil High Courts – Federal Constitution, arts. 4(1) & 121(1)

CONSTITUTIONAL LAW: Jurisdiction – Civil and Syariah courts – Challenging validity of fatwa – Whether High Court dispossessed of any jurisdiction to consider validity of fatwa – Whether validity of fatwa to be determined in Syariah court in accordance with s. 66A of Administration of the Religion of Islam (State of Selangor) Enactment 2003 – Whether Syariah courts have power to hear and decide judicial reviews – Whether Selangor State Legislative Assembly ('SSLA') has authority to make enactment giving Syariah courts power to carry out judicial reviews of Islamic authorities' decisions – Whether item 1, List II (State List) of Ninth Schedule of Federal Constitution conferred powers on SSLA to enact s. 66A – Whether s. 66A unconstitutional and void – Whether judicial power of Federation, including judicial reviews, rests solely in civil High Courts – Federal Constitution, arts. 4(1) & 121(1)

WORDS & PHRASES: 'Constitution, organisation and procedure of Syariah courts – Item 1, List II, (State List) of Ninth Schedule of Federal Constitution – Interpretation of – Whether conferred powers on Syariah courts to engage in judicial review

WORDS & PHRASES: 'Islamic law and personal and family law of persons professing the religion of Islam' – Item 1, List II, (State List) of Ninth Schedule of Federal Constitution – Interpretation of – Whether intended to only cover subject matter of personal laws applying to natural persons – Whether to confer judicial review powers on Syariah courts

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