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Issue #17/2019
25 April 2019

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New This Week

  1. Case(s) of the Week

    1. KEMPADANG BERSATU SDN BHD v. PERKAYUAN OKS NO 2 SDN BHD [2019] 4 CLJ 131

    2. RAJA SYAHRIR ABU BAKAR & ANOR v. MANJEET SINGH DHILLON & OTHER APPEALS [2019] 4 CLJ 301

  2. Appeal Updates

    1. Appeal Updates

  3. Latest Cases

    1. Legal Network Series

    2. CLJ 2019 Volume 4 (Part 2)

    3. CLJ 2019 Volume 4 (Part 3)

  4. Articles

    1. LNS Article(s)

  5. Legislation Highlights

    1. Principal Acts

    2. Amending Acts

    3. PU(A)

    4. PU(B)

    5. Legislation Alert

CASE(S) OF THE WEEK

KEMPADANG BERSATU SDN BHD v. PERKAYUAN OKS NO 2 SDN BHD [2019] 4 CLJ 131
FEDERAL COURT, PUTRAJAYA
ZULKEFLI AHMAD MAKINUDIN PCA, SURIYADI HALIM OMAR FCJ,
HASAN LAH FCJ, ZAINUN ALI FCJ, AZIAH ALI FCJ
[CIVIL APPEAL NO: 03(f)-1-01-2017(D)]
07 NOVEMBER 2017

CIVIL PROCEDURE: Courts – Proceedings – Appeal – Right of appeal – Jurisdiction of Court of Appeal to hear and determine appeals against decision of High Courts – Judicial Commissioner ('JC') ordered for appellant's damages to be assessed before Deputy Registrar – Respondent appealed to Court of Appeal against decision of JC – Whether JC's order final decision as defined by s. 3 of Courts of Judicature Act 1964 ('CJA') – Whether order of High Court remitting case back to Deputy Registrar for damages to be reassessed appealable – Whether sub-s. 67(1) must be read together with s. 3 of CJA – Whether order of JC a ruling as described in s. 3 of CJA – Whether appeal competent and properly brought before Court of Appeal

WORDS AND PHRASES: 'decision' – Courts of Judicature Act 1964, s. 3 – Meaning of – Whether phrase 'judgment or order' mentioned in sub-s. 67(1) of Courts of Judicature Act 1964 'decision' within context of s. 3 of CJA – Whether sub-s. 67(1) must be read together with s. 3
 


RAJA SYAHRIR ABU BAKAR & ANOR v. MANJEET SINGH DHILLON & OTHER APPEALS [2019] 4 CLJ 301
COURT OF APPEAL, PUTRAJAYA
ABANG ISKANDAR JCA, BADARIAH SAHAMID JCA, MARY LIM JCA
[CIVIL APPEALS NO: W-02(NCVC)(W)-1640-10-2015, W-02(NCVC)(W)-1679-10-2015 & W-02(NCVC)(W)-1742-10-2015]
16 JANUARY 2019

TORT: Defamation – Libel – Counsel cross-examined police personnel on allegations of use of violence, abuse and torture on accused persons – Member of Parliament commented in telephone interview on cross-examination carried out by counsel – Comments published in newspaper and broadcasted on television – Whether words uttered defamatory – Whether comments published in newspaper and broadcasted on television defamatory – Whether defence of justification available to Parliament member – Whether defences of reportage, qualified privilege, absolute privilege, fair comment and public interest available to reporter, newspaper and television broadcaster


APPEAL UPDATES  
  1. Iskandar Danial Md Yunos & Satu Lagi lwn. PP [2019] 1 LNS 89 (CA) affirming the High Court case of PP lwn. Iskandar Danial Md Yunos & Satu Lagi [Perbicaraan Jenayah No: 45B-20-06/2011 & 45ORS-21-06/2011]

  2. Munisvaram Pachaiapan v. PP [2018] 1 LNS 1442 (CA) menolak kes Mahkamah Tinggi PP v. Munisvaram Pachaiappan [2016] 1 LNS 1693

LATEST CASES

Legal Network Series

[2018] 1 LNS 407

GOLDEN APPROACH SDN BHD v. LAU SENG LEONG & ANOR

CIVIL PROCEDURE: Limitation - Defendant raising defence of time bar against plaintiff's claim - Whether plaintiff's claim time-barred - Claim for liquidated damages for failure to deliver vacant possession - Whether limitation set in - When cause of action accrued - Clause in sale and purchase agreement indicating cause of action accrued on date vacant possession actually taken - Clause introduced into sale and purchase agreement subsequently by way of legislative amendment - When time starts to run - Whether time starts to run on date plaintiffs took vacant possession in 2016 or when vacant possession should have been delivered in 1998 - Limitation Act 1953, s. 6

  • For the appellant - ET Low & Jeremy Low; M/s Chong Wai Meng & Van Buerle
  • For the respondent - Chan Chee Leong; M/s CL Chan & Ng

[2018] 1 LNS 302

PUNCAK NIAGA HOLDING BERHAD v. TAN SRI DATO' SERI ABDUL KHALID IBRAHIM & ORS

CIVIL PROCEDURE: Striking out - Statement of claim - Action premised upon tort of public misfeasance against chief minister - Defective statement of claim - Statement of claim contained unrelated and irrelevant matters - Evidence and provisions of law were pleaded - Statement of claim meandered to another cause of action - Allegation of public misfeasance which was mind boggling and did not make any sense - Particulars of state of mind not pleaded - Whether allegations in statement of claim frivolous and prejudicial to a fair trial - Whether statement of claim was completely defective - Whether claim ought to be struck out

TORT: Public misfeasance - Elements to be proven - Allegation of public misfeasance whilst holding public office of chief minister - Whether plaintiff must prove defendants were public officers - Whether chief minister is a public officer

  • For the appellant/plaintiff - Mark Lau Chi-Ming; M/s Sreenevasan Young
  • For the respondent/1st defendant - New Sin Yew & Michael Cheah (Pdk); M/s Amerbon
  • For the respondent/2nd defendant - Latheefa Koya & Masturina Rodzi (Def 2); M/s Edwin Lim & Suren
  • For the respondent/3rd defendant - Nik Suhaimi & Mohd Syahrizal (Def 3); Kamar Penasihat Undang-Undang Negeri Selangor

[2018] 1 LNS 521

YONG YAIN HUA & ORS v. MINGGAT ESTATES REALTY SDN BHD

CIVIL PROCEDURE: Pleadings - Amendment - Application for leave to amend - Original claim was that 11th defendant breached sale and purchase agreement - Proposed amendment alleging 11th defendant caused breach of sale and purchase agreement between plaintiffs and defendant - Whether proposed amendment had effect of introducing new cause of action and new issues

CIVIL PROCEDURE: Preliminary objection - Non-compliance with Order 41, Rules of Court 2012 - Documents "lumped together" - Manner in which documents exhibited - Whether resulted in miscarriage of justice - Rules of Court 2012, O. 1, O. 2 rr. 1 and 3

  • For the 1st - 10th Plaintiffs in the Original Action and 1st - 10th Defendants in the Counterclaim - Chan Kay Poh; M/s Chan & Chan Advocates
  • For the Defendant in the Original Action and 1st - 5th Plaintiffs in the Counterclaim; Shankar Ram, Mr. Daniel Ling; M/s Thomas, Shankar Ram & Co Advocates
  • For the 11th Defendant in the Counterclaim - Collin Lai; M/s Lai & Co Advocates

[2018] 1 LNS 154

PP lwn. FONG KIM HO

UNDANG-UNDANG JENAYAH: Bunuh - Niat - Tikaman berganda - Tikaman yang kuat dan sangat besar - Kecederaan pada bahagian dada - Kewujudan saksi mata - Tertuduh melarikan diri selepas menikam si mati dan menghilangkan diri selama 5 bulan - Sama ada niat jahat tertuduh boleh dilihat berdasarkan kepada keterangan pakar forensik patalogi - Sama ada punca kematian si mati adalah akibat kesan tikaman berganda di bahagian dada - Sama ada tertuduh mempunyai niat untuk mencederakan dan membunuh si mati - Sama ada tindakan tertuduh yang menghilangkan diri merupakan keterangan ikut keadaan yang kuat dan mencukupi untuk membuktikan kes prima facie terhadap tertuduh

PROSEDUR JENAYAH: Pengecaman - Pengecaman tertuduh - Pengecaman di dalam kandang pesalah - Keterangan berkaitan dengan pengecaman tidak dicabar oleh pihak pembelaan - Sama ada pengecaman terhadap tertuduh di kandang tertuduh adalah positif - Sama ada pihak pendakwaan telah membuktikan tertuduh adalah orang yang mengejar dan menikam simati

PROSEDUR JENAYAH: Pembelaan - Alibi - Pertuduhan membunuh - Tertuduh mendakwa tidak berada di tempat kejadian dan mencederakan si mati - Tertuduh gagal memberikan notis pembelaan alibi - Sama ada kehendak di bawah s. 402A Kanun Tatacara Jenayah telah dipenuhi - Sama ada mahkamah boleh mempertimbangkan pembelaan alibi tanpa notis - Sama ada pembelaan tertuduh bersifat penafian semata-mata dan pemikiran terkemudian - Sama ada mahkamah berhak untuk menolak pembelaan alibi sekiranya tertuduh gagal untuk mengemukakan pembelaannya di peringkat kes pihak pendakwaan

  • Bagi pihak pendakwaan - Mirza Mohamad, Timbalan Pendakwaraya Negeri Pahang
  • Bagi pihak tertuduh - Suresh Subramaniam; T/n Suresh, Sharvin & Co

[2018] 1 LNS 152

RISWANSAPUTRA MOHD YUNUS & YANG LAIN lwn. PP

PROSEDUR JENAYAH: Rayuan - Notis Rayuan - Lanjutan masa - Budibicara mahkamah - Pemfailan notis rayuan di luar had masa - Notis rayuan difailkan lebih kurang 6 bulan dari tarikh hukuman dijatuhkan - Sama ada sebab-sebab kelewatan adalah munasabah - Sama ada alasan bahawa tertuduh telah insaf dan memohon agar hukuman diringankan merupakan alasan kelewatan yang munasabah - Sama ada hukuman yang telah dijatuhkan adalah dalam ruang lingkup yang dibenarkan oleh undang-undang - Sama ada terdapat kelewatan yang melampau

  • Bagi pihak pemohon-pemohon - Hadir Sendiri
  • Bagi pihak responden - Siti Hajar Mustaffa, Timbalan Pendakwaraya

CLJ 2019 Volume 4 (Part 2)

FEDERAL COURT

Kempadang Bersatu Sdn Bhd v. Perkayuan Oks No 2 Sdn Bhd
Zulkefli Ahmad Makinudin PCA, Suriyadi Halim Omar, Hasan Lah, Zainun Ali, Aziah Ali FCJJ
(Civil Procedure; Words And Phrases - Courts - Jurisdiction of Court of Appeal to hear and determine appeals against decision of High Courts) [2019] 4 CLJ 131 [FC]

COURT OF APPEAL

Bennett Subash Peter v. Bon Ton Sdn Bhd (Bon Ton Resort Langkawi)
Hamid Sultan Abu Backer, Badariah Sahamid, Mary Lim JJCA
(Civil Procedure; Industrial Court; Labour Law - Judicial review - Challenge against decision of Industrial Court) [2019] 4 CLJ 150 [CA]

Ernst & Young v. SJ Asset Management Sdn Bhd (In Liquidation) & Anor
Tengku Maimun Tuan Mat, Harmindar Singh Dhaliwal, Ab Karim Ab Jalil JJCA
(Civil Procedure - Application for discovery of documents - Whether disclosure of documents beneficial to all parties) [2019] 4 CLJ 160 [CA]

Government Of Sarawak & Anor v. Busing Anak Jali & Ors And Another Appeal
Tengku Maimun Tuan Mat, Zaleha Yusof, Ab Karim Ab Jalil JJCA
(Native Law And Custom; Land Law - Land dispute - Native customary rights - Claim for - Land Code (Sarawak) (Cap 81)) [2019] 4 CLJ 179 [CA]

PP lwn. Lee Meng Boon & Satu Lagi Rayuan
Zakaria Sam, Yaacob Md Sam, Ab Karim Ab Jalil HHMR
(Undang-Undang Jenayah - Kanun Keseksaan - Seksyen 302 - Membunuh - Kualiti pengecaman) [2019] 4 CLJ 194 [CA]

HIGH COURT

FFM Marketing Sdn Bhd v. Azrim Saleemi Abdul Karim & Ors
Tun Abd Majid Hamzah JC
(Civil Procedure; Labour Law - Judicial review - Application to quash decision or ruling by presiding officer - Whether amenable to judicial review - Employment Act 1955, s. 69) [2019] 4 CLJ 215 [HC]

Ong Keh Keong v. Lembaga Tatatertib Peguam-Peguam
Vazeer Alam Mydin Meera J
(Legal Profession; Administrative Law - Complaint against advocate and solicitor - Disciplinary proceedings - Whether judicial review application premature and abuse of process of court) [2019] 4 CLJ 226 [HC]

Tenaga Nasional Bhd v. Panareno Sdn Bhd; Vital Projects Sdn Bhd (Third Party) & Semantra No-Dig Engineering Sdn Bhd (Fourth Party)
Faizah Jamaludin JC
(Tort - Negligence - Damages to underground oil-filled cable by developer - Whether developer owed non-delegable duty of care - Whether damages foreseeable or too remote) [2019] 4 CLJ 239 [HC]

SUBJECT INDEX

ADMINISTRATIVE LAW

Judicial review - Certiorari - Application for - Complaint against advocate and solicitor - Disciplinary proceedings - Disciplinary Committee ('DC') found solicitor guilty of dishonest and fraudulent conduct - Disciplinary Board ('DB') concurred with DC's findings on liability but disagreed with recommendation of punishment - DB issued notice to solicitor pursuant to s. 103D(2) and (4) of Legal Profession Act 1976 ('LPA 1976') for solicitor to make representation before pronouncement of punishment - Solicitor applied for judicial review to quash or set aside DB's order affirming findings of DC - Whether decisions made during course of statutory tribunal or administrative body's proceedings ought not to be challenged until proceedings completed - Whether solicitor could not avail himself of his statutory rights enshrined in s. 103EA of LPA 1976 - Whether DB acted within statutory provisions of s. 103D(2) of LPA 1976 - Whether judicial review application premature and abuse of process of court - Legal Profession (Amendment) Act 2012, s. 21(4), (5)
Ong Keh Keong v. Lembaga Tatatertib Peguam-Peguam
(Vazeer Alam Mydin Meera J) [2019] 4 CLJ 226 [HC]

CIVIL PROCEDURE

Courts - Proceedings - Appeal - Right of appeal - Jurisdiction of Court of Appeal to hear and determine appeals against decision of High Courts - Judicial Commissioner ('JC') ordered for appellant's damages to be assessed before Deputy Registrar - Respondent appealed to Court of Appeal against decision of JC - Whether JC's order final decision as defined by s. 3 of Courts of Judicature Act 1964 ('CJA') - Whether order of High Court remitting case back to Deputy Registrar for damages to be reassessed appealable - Whether sub-s. 67(1) must be read together with s. 3 of CJA - Whether order of JC a ruling as described in s. 3 of the CJA - Whether appeal competent and properly brought before Court of Appeal
Kempadang Bersatu Sdn Bhd v. Perkayuan Oks No 2 Sdn Bhd
(Zulkefli Ahmad Makinudin PCA, Suriyadi Halim Omar, Hasan Lah, Zainun Ali, Aziah Ali FCJJ) [2019] 4 CLJ 131 [FC]

Discovery - Application for - Application for discovery of documents - Seeking disclosure of certain documents - Whether documents fell within ambit of s. 148B of Securities Commission Malaysia Act 1993 - Whether Securities Commission's authority required for disclosure of discovery documents - Whether Securities Commission led sufficient evidence to justify non-disclosure - Balance of public interest - Consideration of - Whether disclosure of documents beneficial to all parties - Securities Commission (Amendment) Act 2015, s. 64(4), (8) - Rules of Court 2012, O. 24
Ernst & Young v. SJ Asset Management Sdn Bhd (In Liquidation) & Anor
(Tengku Maimun Tuan Mat, Harmindar Singh Dhaliwal, Ab Karim Ab Jalil JJCA) [2019] 4 CLJ 160 [CA]

Judicial review - Application for - Application to quash decision ruling by presiding officer - Employees lodged complaint with Director-General of Labour ('DGL') over employer's failure to pay overtime wages and reimburse deductions made - DGL issued compliance notice to employer, directing employer to pay overtime wages and reimburse deductions made to commissions and allowances - Presiding officer proceeded with summons - Whether presiding officer erred in law - Whether presiding officer acted within jurisdiction in proceeding with full hearing of summons - Whether presiding officer made ruling or decision - Whether decision final - Whether amenable to judicial review - Employment Act 1955, s. 69
FFM Marketing Sdn Bhd v. Azrim Saleemi Abdul Karim & Ors
(Tun Abd Majid Hamzah JC) [2019] 4 CLJ 215 [HC]

Judicial review - Challenge against decision of Industrial Court - Employee dismissed by employer during probation period - No misconduct committed by employee - Industrial Court held employee dismissed without just cause and excuse - High Court quashed decision of Industrial Court - Whether decision of Industrial Court suffered from illegality, irrationality, procedural impropriety, disproportionality and unreasonableness - Whether warranted quashing by High Court
Bennett Subash Peter v. Bon Ton Sdn Bhd (Bon Ton Resort Langkawi)
(Hamid Sultan Abu Backer, Badariah Sahamid, Mary Lim JJCA) [2019] 4 CLJ 150 [CA]

INDUSTRIAL COURT

Dismissal - Dismissal during probation - Employee dismissed by employer during probation period - No misconduct committed by employee - Industrial Court held employee dismissed without just cause and excuse - Whether decision of Industrial Court supported by relevant evidence, material facts and laws
Bennett Subash Peter v. Bon Ton Sdn Bhd (Bon Ton Resort Langkawi)
(Hamid Sultan Abu Backer, Badariah Sahamid, Mary Lim JJCA) [2019] 4 CLJ 150 [CA]

LABOUR LAW

Employment - Dismissal - Employee dismissed by employer during probation period - No misconduct committed by employee - Whether employer disclosed valid and bona fide reasons for dismissal - Whether employee dismissed with just cause and excuse
Bennett Subash Peter v. Bon Ton Sdn Bhd (Bon Ton Resort Langkawi)
(Hamid Sultan Abu Backer, Badariah Sahamid, Mary Lim JJCA) [2019] 4 CLJ 150 [CA]

Judicial review - Procedural impropriety - Employees lodged complaint with Director-General of Labour ('DGL') over employer's failure to pay overtime wages and reimburse deductions made - DGL issued compliance notice to employer to pay overtime wages and reimburse deductions made to commissions and allowances - Whether Employment Act 1955 provides for issuance of compliance notice - Whether DGL pre-judged issue by issuing compliance notice - Whether compliance notice had binding effect - Whether summons illegal and tainted
FFM Marketing Sdn Bhd v. Azrim Saleemi Abdul Karim & Ors
(Tun Abd Majid Hamzah JC) [2019] 4 CLJ 215 [HC]

LAND LAW

Customary land - Native customary rights ('NCR') - Claim for - Whether NCR claim over land founded upon concept of continuous occupation extended to areas where natives roamed to forage for their livelihood - Whether there was evidence to prove plaintiffs' ancestors cleared and cultivated lands - Plaintiffs' claimed acquisition of NCR by way of pemakai menoa and pulau telu - Whether ought to be for whole community and not just for plaintiffs only - Whether court only recognises temuda - Whether plaintiffs proved they had acquired NCR over lands - Land Code (Sarawak) (Cap 81)
Government Of Sarawak & Anor v. Busing Anak Jali & Ors And Another Appeal
(Tengku Maimun Tuan Mat, Zaleha Yusof, Ab Karim Ab Jalil JJCA) [2019] 4 CLJ 179 [CA]

LEGAL PROFESSION

Complaint against advocate and solicitor - Disciplinary proceedings - Disciplinary Committee ('DC') found solicitor guilty of dishonest and fraudulent conduct - Disciplinary Board ('DB') concurred with DC's findings on liability but disagreed with recommendation of punishment - DB issued notice to solicitor pursuant to s. 103D(2) and (4) of Legal Profession Act 1976 ('LPA 1976') for solicitor to make representation before pronouncement of punishment - Solicitor applied for judicial review to quash or set aside DB's order affirming findings of DC - Whether decisions made during course of statutory tribunal or administrative body's proceedings ought not to be challenged until proceedings completed - Whether solicitor could not avail himself of his statutory rights enshrined in s. 103EA of LPA 1976 - Whether DB acted within statutory provisions of s. 103D(2) of LPA 1976 - Whether judicial review application premature and abuse of process of court - Legal Profession (Amendment) Act 2012, s. 21(4), (5)
Ong Keh Keong v. Lembaga Tatatertib Peguam-Peguam
(Vazeer Alam Mydin Meera J) [2019] 4 CLJ 226 [HC]

NATIVE LAW AND CUSTOM

Land dispute - Native customary rights ('NCR') - Claim for - Whether NCR claim over land founded upon concept of continuous occupation extended to areas where natives roamed to forage for their livelihood - Whether there was evidence to prove plaintiffs' ancestors cleared and cultivated lands - Plaintiffs' claimed acquisition of NCR by way of pemakai menoa and pulau telu - Whether ought to be for whole community and not just for plaintiffs only - Whether court only recognises temuda - Whether plaintiffs proved they had acquired NCR over lands - Land Code (Sarawak) (Cap 81)
Government Of Sarawak & Anor v. Busing Anak Jali & Ors And Another Appeal
(Tengku Maimun Tuan Mat, Zaleha Yusof, Ab Karim Ab Jalil JJCA) [2019] 4 CLJ 179 [CA]

TORT

Negligence - Duty of care - Damages to plaintiff's underground oil-filled cable by developer - Contractual and statutory duty of care - Whether developer and contractors owed duty of care to ensure works envisaged under contract conducted in proper manner so as not to damage cable - Whether developer negligent in carrying out pipe works - Whether developer owed non-delegable duty of care - Whether damages foreseeable or too remote
Tenaga Nasional Bhd v. Panareno Sdn Bhd; Vital Projects Sdn Bhd (Third Party) & Semantra No-Dig Engineering Sdn Bhd (Fourth Party)
(Faizah Jamaludin JC) [2019] 4 CLJ 239 [HC]

Negligence - Res ipsa loquitor - Requirements - Whether fulfilled - Whether damages would not have happened without negligence - Whether damages caused by something under sole management and control of defendant - Whether exact cause of damages known - Whether alternative proposition and alternative cause of damages sufficiently displaced inference of negligence
Tenaga Nasional Bhd v. Panareno Sdn Bhd; Vital Projects Sdn Bhd (Third Party) & Semantra No-Dig Engineering Sdn Bhd (Fourth Party)
(Faizah Jamaludin JC) [2019] 4 CLJ 239 [HC]

WORDS AND PHRASES

'decision' - Courts of Judicature Act 1964, s. 3 - Meaning of - Whether phrase 'judgment or order' mentioned in sub-s. 67(1) of Courts of Judicature Act 1964 'decision' within context of s. 3 of CJA - Whether sub-s. 67(1) must be read together with s. 3
Kempadang Bersatu Sdn Bhd v. Perkayuan Oks No 2 Sdn Bhd
(Zulkefli Ahmad Makinudin PCA, Suriyadi Halim Omar, Hasan Lah, Zainun Ali, Aziah Ali FCJJ) [2019] 4 CLJ 131 [FC]

INDEKS PERKARA

UNDANG-UNDANG JENAYAH

Kanun Keseksaan - Seksyen 302 - Membunuh - Kualiti pengecaman - Sama ada terdapat keterangan kukuh tentang ketetapan tertuduh sebagai penyerang dan penembak yang menyebabkan kematian si mati - Keterangan balistik saintifik bahawa pistol yang dirampas daripada tertuduh ialah pistol sama yang digunakan semasa kejadian - Sama ada dicabar - Sama ada terdapat kelompangan atau kelemahan dalam kes pendakwaan - Sama ada sabitan selamat
PP lwn. Lee Meng Boon & Satu Lagi Rayuan
(Zakaria Sam, Yaacob Md Sam, Ab Karim Ab Jalil HHMR) [2019] 4 CLJ 194 [CA]

Kanun Keseksaan - Seksyen 307 - Cubaan membunuh - Kualiti pengecaman - Sama ada terdapat keterangan kukuh tentang ketetapan tertuduh sebagai penyerang dan penembak yang mencederakan mangsa-mangsa - Keterangan balistik saintifik bahawa pistol yang dirampas oleh tertuduh ialah pistol sama yang digunakan semasa kejadian - Sama ada dicabar - Sama ada terdapat kelompangan atau kelemahan dalam kes pendakwaan - Hukuman - Sama ada hukuman mati harus diketepikan dan diganti dengan hukuman pemenjaraan 15 tahun untuk setiap pertuduhan
PP lwn. Lee Meng Boon & Satu Lagi Rayuan
(Zakaria Sam, Yaacob Md Sam, Ab Karim Ab Jalil HHMR) [2019] 4 CLJ 194 [CA]


CLJ 2019 Volume 4 (Part 3)

COURT OF APPEAL

Loo Chooi Gaik v. Dr Loh Lay Soon
Rohana Yusuf, Abang Iskandar, Nallini Pathmanathan JJCA
(Tort; Civil Procedure - Negligence - Medical negligence - Facial cosmetic operation) [2019] 4 CLJ 281 [CA]

Muhammad Yassein Zuliskandar (A Child Suing Through His Father And Next Friend; Zuliskandar Md Pechor) v. Kerajaan Malaysia & Ors
Umi Kalthum Abdul Majid, Abdul Rahman Sebli, Harmindar Singh Dhaliwal JJCA
(Damages - Assessment - Medical negligence - Quantum of damages) [2019] 4 CLJ 289 [CA]

Raja Syahrir Abu Bakar & Anor v. Manjeet Singh Dhillon & Other Appeals
Abang Iskandar, Badariah Sahamid, Mary Lim JJCA
(Tort - Defamation - Libel - Counsel cross-examined police personnel on allegations of use of violence, abuse and torture on accused persons) [2019] 4 CLJ 301 [CA]

HIGH COURT

Hormat Mulia Holdings Sdn Bhd v. Kerajaan Malaysia & Anor
Darryl Goon Siew Chye JC
(Tort - Defamation - Winding-up petition - Petition advertised in two local newspapers and gazetted) [2019] 4 CLJ 352 [HC]

Malaysian Trustees Bhd v. Pilecon Engineering Bhd
Wong Kian Kheong J
(Land Law - Sale of land - Order for sale - Land charged as security for payment) [2019] 4 CLJ 366 [HC]

MSIG Insurance (Malaysia) Bhd v. Md Aznol Hafiz Amir & Ors
S Nantha Balan J
(Insurance; Road Traffic - Motor insurance - Liability - Liability of insurer) [2019] 4 CLJ 384 [HC]

Neptune Aviation Ltd v. Sheikh Salleh Sheikh Abod & Anor (No 3)
Wong Chee Lin JC
(Civil Procedure - Service - Personal service - Application for an order to dispense with personal service of interim injunction order) [2019] 4 CLJ 408 [HC]

Tenaga Nasional Bhd v. Ahmad Alias
Zalita Zaidan JC
(Civil Procedure; Utilities - Electric - Loss of revenue - Claim for) [2019] 4 CLJ 417 [HC]

SUBJECT INDEX

CIVIL PROCEDURE

Service - Personal service - Application for an order to dispense with personal service of interim injunction order - Attempts made to personally serve copy of sealed interim injunction on first defendant unsuccessful - Copy of interim injunction order left at first defendant's address - Whether first defendant had knowledge of interim injunction order - Whether plaintiff could apply for such order prior to commencement of enforcement proceedings - Whether court ought to exercise its discretion to dispense with personal service of order - Rules of Court 2012, O. 45 rr. 5 & 7(2), (7)
Neptune Aviation Ltd v. Sheikh Salleh Sheikh Abod & Anor (No 3)
(Wong Chee Lin JC) [2019] 4 CLJ 408 [HC]

Service - Writ of summons - Whether regular - Burden of proof - Whether plaintiff discharged burden on balance of probabilities - Whether service effected at address provided by defendant - Whether service regular - Rules of Court 2012, O. 10 r. 1
Tenaga Nasional Bhd v. Ahmad Alias
(Zalita Zaidan JC) [2019] 4 CLJ 417 [HC]

Trial - Submission of no case to answer - Medical negligence - Facial cosmetic operation - Plaintiff suffered from nosomical infection of skin complications after procedure at defendant's clinic - Defendant elected to submit no case to answer - Whether plaintiff's evidence ought to be assumed to be true in absence of evidence from defendant - Whether plaintiff established breach of duty - Doctrine of res ipsa loquitor - Whether applicable - Whether causation established - Whether plaintiff proved case on balance of probabilities
Loo Chooi Gaik v. Dr Loh Lay Soon
(Rohana Yusuf, Abang Iskandar, Nallini Pathmanathan JJCA) [2019] 4 CLJ 281 [CA]

DAMAGES

Assessment - Appeal against - 'One-third rule' - Medical costs and expenses incurred in private hospital - Test of reasonableness - Whether treatment required and expertise needed available at government hospitals - Whether claimant entitled to recover full sum of private healthcare expenses
Muhammad Yassein Zuliskandar (A Child Suing Through His Father And Next Friend; Zuliskandar Md Pechor) v. Kerajaan Malaysia & Ors
(Umi Kalthum Abdul Majid, Abdul Rahman Sebli, Harmindar Singh Dhaliwal JJCA) [2019] 4 CLJ 289 [CA]

Assessment - Medical negligence - Quantum of damages - Costs for disabled - Friendly vehicles - Whether sums awarded appropriate - Whether claim for pain and suffering for future surgery justified - Whether court considered additional costs of holidays - Whether plaintiff able to travel unassisted but for disability
Muhammad Yassein Zuliskandar (A Child Suing Through His Father And Next Friend; Zuliskandar Md Pechor) v. Kerajaan Malaysia & Ors
(Umi Kalthum Abdul Majid, Abdul Rahman Sebli, Harmindar Singh Dhaliwal JJCA) [2019] 4 CLJ 289 [CA]

INSURANCE

Motor insurance - Liability - Liability of insurer - Motor-lorry driven by deceased damaged and could not be driven - Deceased told by employer to wait at location - Employer arranged for deceased to be picked up by driver of motor-lorry owned by sister company - Motor-lorry owned by sister company collided with another motor-lorry - Deceased died due to serious injuries - Whether motor vehicle policy of insurance valid and enforceable - Whether deceased fell within scope of passenger cover under insurance policy - Whether insurer liable
MSIG Insurance (Malaysia) Bhd v. Md Aznol Hafiz Amir & Ors
(S Nantha Balan J) [2019] 4 CLJ 384 [HC]

Motor insurance - Policy - Interpretation of policy - Motor-lorry driven by deceased damaged and could not be driven - Deceased told by employer to wait at location - Employer arranged for deceased to be picked up by driver of motor-lorry owned by sister company - Motor-lorry owned by sister company collided with another motor-lorry - Deceased died due to serious injuries - Whether deceased travelling as passenger in insured motor-lorry - Whether deceased died while being carried in or on insured motor-lorry by reason of or in pursuant of deceased's contract of employment - Whether motor vehicle policy of insurance valid and enforceable - Whether deceased fell within scope of passenger cover under insurance policy - Whether insurer liable
MSIG Insurance (Malaysia) Bhd v. Md Aznol Hafiz Amir & Ors
(S Nantha Balan J) [2019] 4 CLJ 384 [HC]

LAND LAW

Sale of land - Order for sale - Land charged as security for payment - Whether chargee may enforce charge simultaneously with right to recover debt due from chargor - Whether charge agreement breached - Failure to remedy breach within time stipulated - Whether chargee entitled to apply for sale of land - National Land Code, s. 256(2)
Malaysian Trustees Bhd v. Pilecon Engineering Bhd
(Wong Kian Kheong J) [2019] 4 CLJ 366 [HC]

ROAD TRAFFIC

Accident - Liability - Liability of insurer - Motor-lorry driven by deceased damaged and could not be driven - Deceased told by employer to wait at location - Employer arranged for deceased to be picked up by driver of motor-lorry owned by sister company - Motor-lorry owned by sister company collided with another motor-lorry - Deceased died due to serious injuries - Whether motor vehicle policy of insurance valid and enforceable - Whether deceased fell within scope of passenger cover under insurance policy - Road Transport Act 1987, s. 96(3)
MSIG Insurance (Malaysia) Bhd v. Md Aznol Hafiz Amir & Ors
(S Nantha Balan J) [2019] 4 CLJ 384 [HC]

TORT

Defamation - Libel - Counsel cross-examined police personnel on allegations of use of violence, abuse and torture on accused persons - Member of Parliament commented in telephone interview on cross-examination carried out by counsel - Comments published in newspaper and broadcasted on television - Whether words uttered defamatory - Whether comments published in newspaper and broadcasted on television defamatory - Whether defence of justification available to Parliament member - Whether defences of reportage, qualified privilege, absolute privilege, fair comment and public interest available to reporter, newspaper and television broadcaster
Raja Syahrir Abu Bakar & Anor v. Manjeet Singh Dhillon & Other Appeals
(Abang Iskandar, Badariah Sahamid, Mary Lim JJCA) [2019] 4 CLJ 301 [CA]

Defamation - Winding-up petition - Petition advertised in two local newspapers and gazetted - Whether defamatory of company - Whether wording of advertisements lowered company in estimation of right thinking members of public - Whether company exposed to hatred, ridicule or contempt - Defence of qualified privilege - Whether advertisement of petition upon occasion of absolute privilege - Whether action in defamation must fail
Hormat Mulia Holdings Sdn Bhd v. Kerajaan Malaysia & Anor
(Darryl Goon Siew Chye JC) [2019] 4 CLJ 352 [HC]

Negligence - Duty of care - Winding-up petition - Petition presented by mistake and wrongly advertised in two local newspapers and gazetted - Whether first defendant negligent in filing petition and in advertising it - Whether first defendant owed a duty of care to company - Whether just and reasonable to impose duty of care between litigants - Whether company proved it had suffered damages due to petition being presented or advertised - Whether action in negligence could be sustained
Hormat Mulia Holdings Sdn Bhd v. Kerajaan Malaysia & Anor
(Darryl Goon Siew Chye JC) [2019] 4 CLJ 352 [HC]

Negligence - Medical negligence - Facial cosmetic operation - Plaintiff suffered from nosomical infection of skin complications after procedure at defendant's clinic - Defendant elected to submit no case to answer - Whether plaintiff's evidence ought to be assumed to be true in absence of evidence from defendant - Whether plaintiff established breach of duty - Doctrine of res ipsa loquitor - Whether applicable - Whether causation established - Whether plaintiff proved case on balance of probabilities
Loo Chooi Gaik v. Dr Loh Lay Soon
(Rohana Yusuf, Abang Iskandar, Nallini Pathmanathan JJCA) [2019] 4 CLJ 281 [CA]

UTILITIES

Electric - Loss of revenue - Claim for - Whether registered consumer liable regardless of whether premises rented to third party - Whether registered consumer's obligation to notify change of premise address - Undertaking by third party to pay on behalf of registered consumer - Whether binding - Whether failure to pay amounted to breach of undertaking - Whether person giving undertaking liable to pay
Tenaga Nasional Bhd v. Ahmad Alias
(Zalita Zaidan JC) [2019] 4 CLJ 417 [HC]


ARTICLES

LNS Article(s)

  1. CORROBORATION IN DRUG CASES [Read excerpt]
    by UMMA DEVI LOGANATHAN* [2019] 1 LNS(A) liv

  2. [2019] 1 LNS(A) liv
    logo
    MALAYSIA

    CORROBORATION IN DRUG CASES

    by
    UMMA DEVI LOGANATHAN*

    1.1 Definition

    The lexical meaning of, "Corroboration" is to support or enhance the believability of a fact or assertion by the presentation of additional information that confirms the truthfulness of the facts.

    Thus, there is no fixed number of witnesses that a party should call at trial as per stated in Section 134 of the Evidence Act 1950: that, “No particular number of witnesses shall in any case be required for the proof of any fact.” The section enshrines the maxim that evidence has to be weighed and not counted. In certain cases, however, there may be a need for witnesses to be supported by other evidence. Such evidence is commonly referred to as “Corroboration.”

    . . .

    * Magistrate, LLB (Hons) Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Masters in Public Administration (MPA) Universiti Sains Malaysia, LLM (Corporate) Universiti Utara Malaysia. Currently, pursuing PhD in criminology at Universiti Sains Malaysia.


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  3. THE CHANGE AND CONTINUITY OF LIVING CONSTITUTIONS: PERSPECTIVES ON THE MALAYSIAN, BRITISH, AND INDIAN CONSTITUTIONS [Read excerpt]
    by Jaganraj Ramachandran[i] Dr. Saravanabavan Mathialagan[ii] Lahveenya Panchalingam[iii] [2019] 1 LNS(A) lv

  4. [2019] 1 LNS(A) lv
    logo
    MALAYSIA

    THE CHANGE AND CONTINUITY OF LIVING CONSTITUTIONS:
    PERSPECTIVES ON THE MALAYSIAN, BRITISH, AND INDIAN CONSTITUTIONS


    by
    Jaganraj Ramachandran[i]
    Dr. Saravanabavan Mathialagan[ii]
    Lahveenya Panchalingam[iii]

    ABSTRACT

    This article will discuss the nature of a Constitution, written and unwritten. Malaysia has a codified constitution whilst the UK does not and many of its basic principles may differ from the Malaysian view. Noting that Malaysia and all its commonwealth partners had inherited its constitutional principles from the UK, there are traits that are universal and some that are not. This piece seeks to explore the position in the UK and Malaysia. It is an in depth discussion on both the different types of systems and to weigh the advantages and disadvantages of the different systems. References will be made to the flexibility of the British Constitution and the certainty of the Malaysian Constitution. There will also be references made to the Indian Constitution and a general highlight of the good and bad within these nations.

    . . .

    [i] LL.B (Hons) (London), LL.M (Malaya); Lecturer, Department of Law, Brickfields Asia College,

    [ii] LL.B (Hons) (Cardiff), LL.M (Malaya), Ph.D (UUM); Advocate & Solicitor (Malaya), Barrister at Law (Lincolns Inn),

    [iii] LL.B (Hons.) (London), LL.M (Northumbria); Lecturer, Department of Law, Brickfields Asia College.


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LEGISLATION HIGHLIGHTS

Principal Acts

Number Title In force from Repealing
ACT 812 Finance Act 2018 The Income Tax Act 1967 [Act 53] see s 3; The Promotion of Investments Act 1986 [Act 327] see s 31; The Stamp Act 1949 [Act 378] see s 63; The Real Property Gains Tax Act 1976 [Act 169] see s 69; The Labuan Business Activity Tax Act 1990 [Act 445] see s 71; The Service Tax Act 2018 [Act 807] see s 83; The Sales Tax Act 2018 [Act 806] see s 91 -
ACT 811 Suruhanjaya Pengangkutan Awam Darat (Dissolution) Act 2018 1 January 2019 [PU(B) 732/2018] -
ACT 810 Subang Golf Course Corporation Act 1968 (Revised 2018) 12 November 2018 pursuant to paragraph 6(1)(xxiii) of the Revision of Laws Act 1968 [Act 1]; Revised up to 1 November 2018; First enacted in 1968 as Act of Parliament No 26 of 1968; First Revision - 1993 (Act 509 wef 8 October 1993) -
ACT 809 Pool Betting Act 1967 (Revised 2018) 12 November 2018 pursuant to paragraph 6(1)(xxiii) of the Revision of Laws Act 1968 [Act 1]; Revised up to 1 November 2018; First enacted in 1967 as Act of Parliament No 72 of 1967; First Revision - 1989 (Act 384 wef 21 September 1989) -
ACT 808 National Anthem Act 1968 (Revised 2018) 1 November 2018 pursuant to paragraph 6(1)(xxiii) of the Revision of Laws Act 1968 [Act 1]; Revised up to 15 October 2018; First enacted in 1968 as Act of Parliament No 20 of 1968; First Revision - 1989 (Act 390 wef 19 October 1989) -

Amending Acts

Number Title In force from Principal/Amending Act No
ACT A1589 Co-Operative College (Incorporation) (Amendment) Act 2019 1 September 2011 - only Part II of this Act ACT A1398; ACT NO. 35 TAHUN 1968; ACT 437
ACT A1588 Street, Drainage And Building (Amendment) Act 2019 Not Yet In Force ACT 133
ACT A1587 Hire-Purchase (Amendment) Act 2019 1 March 2019 [PU(B) 117/2019] ACT 212
ACT A1586 Children And Young Persons (Employment) (Amendment) Act 2019 1 February 2019 [PU(B) 62/2019] ACT 350
ACT A1585 Road Transport (Amendment) Act 2019 1 March 2019 [PU(B) 113/2019] ACT 333

PU(A)

Number Title Date of Publication In force from Principal/ Amending Act No
PU(A) 104/2019 Food (Amendment) (No. 2) Regulations 2019 1 April 2019 30 January 2021 PU(A) 437/1985
PU(A) 103/2019 Renewable Energy (Amendment Of Schedule) (No. 2) Order 2019 1 April 2019 2 April 2019 ACT 725
PU(A) 102/2019 Printing Presses And Publications (Control Of Undesirable Publications) (No. 2) Order 2019 1 April 2019 2 April 2019 ACT 301
PU(A) 101/2019 Civil Aviation (Fees And Charges) (Amendment) Regulations 2019 29 March 2019 30 March 2019 PU(A) 99/2016
PU(A) 100/2019 Civil Aviation (Amendment) Regulations 2019 29 March 2019 30 March 2019 PU(A) 97/2016

PU(B)

Number Title Date of Publication In force from Principal/ Amending Act No
PU(B) 175/2019 Determination Of Electoral Roll For The By-Election Of P.186 Sandakan 5 April 2019 6 April 2019 PU(A) 293/2002
PU(B) 174/2019 Notification Under Subregulation 3(3) For The Purpose Of By-Election For The Seat Of The Dewan Rakyat P.186 Sandakan In The State Of Sabah 5 April 2019 6 April 2019 PU(A) 185/2003
PU(B) 173/2019 Notification Under Paragraph 3(1)(e) For The Purpose Of By-Election For The Seat Of The Dewan Rakyat P.186 Sandakan In The State Of Sabah 5 April 2019 6 April 2019 PU(A) 185/2003
PU(B) 172/2019 Notice To Hold A By-Election Of A Member Of The Dewan Rakyat Of The State Of Sabah For The Constituency Of P.186 Sandakan 5 April 2019 6 April 2019 PU(A) 386/1981
PU(B) 171/2019 Appointment Of Notary Public 3 April 2019 Specified in column (3) of the Schedule ACT 115

Legislation Alert

Updated

Act/Principal No. Title Amended by In force from Section amended
PU(A) 97/2016 Civil Aviation Regulations 2016 PU(A) 100/2019 30 March 2019 Part XXIV
ACT 725 Renewable Energy Act 2011 PU(A) 103/2019 2 April 2019 Schedule
PU(A) 398/1981 Pesticides (Certificate of Identity) Rules 1981 PU(A) 97/2019 1 April 2019 Schedule
PU(A) 210/2018 Sales Tax (Persons Exempted From Payment of Tax) Order 2018 PU(A) 93/2019 27 March 2019 Schedule A
PU(A) 206/2018 Sales Tax (Imposition of Sales Tax in Respect of Designated Areas) Order 2018 PU(A) 92/2019 27 March 2019 Paragraph 2

Revoked

Act/Principal No. Title Revoked by In force from
PU(A) 1/1989 Factories and Machinery (Noise Exposure) Regulation 1989 PU(A) 59/2019 1 June 2019
PU(A) 284/2016 Excise Duties (Labuan) Order 2016 PU(A) 89/2019 27 March 2019
PU(A) 283/2016 Excise Duties (Langkawi) Order 2016 PU(A) 88/2019 27 March 2019
PU(A) 286/2016 Customs Duties (Labuan) Order 2016 PU(A) 87/2019 27 March 2019
LN 225/1958 Births and Deaths Registration Rules 1958 PU(A) 54/2019 1 March 2019