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Issue #7/2018
15 February 2018

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New This Week

  1. Case(s) of the Week

    1. RINOTA CONSTRUCTION SDN BHD v. MASCON RINOTA SDN BHD & ORS [2018] 2 CLJ 129

    2. ASEAN BINTULU FERTILIZER SDN BHD v. WEKAJAYA SDN BHD & ANOTHER APPEAL [2018] 2 CLJ 257

  2. Appeal Update

    1. Appeal Update

  3. Latest Cases

    1. Legal Network Series

    2. CLJ 2018 Volume 2 (Part 2)

    3. CLJ 2018 Volume 2 (Part 3)

  4. Articles

    1. LNS Article(s)

  5. Legislation Highlights

    1. Principal Acts

    2. Amending Acts

    3. PU(A)

    4. PU(B)

    5. Legislation Alert

CASE(S) OF THE WEEK

RINOTA CONSTRUCTION SDN BHD v. MASCON RINOTA SDN BHD & ORS [2018] 2 CLJ 129
FEDERAL COURT, PUTRAJAYA
ZULKEFLI AHMAD MAKINUDIN PCA, SURIYADI HALIM OMAR FCJ, RAMLY ALI FCJ, BALIA YUSOF WAHI FCJ, JEFFREY TAN FCJ
[CIVIL APPEAL NO: 02(f)-45-07-2016(W)]
09 NOVEMBER 2017

COMPANY LAW: Members' rights – Minority shareholders – Oppression by majority shareholders against minority shareholders – Allegation of – Petition under s. 181 of Companies Act 1965 brought by minority shareholders – Whether there were oppressive acts – Whether proceedings ought to be brought by way of derivative action under s. 181A of Companies Act 1965 – Principle of 'reflective loss' – Whether applicable – Whether remedies under s. 181 of Companies Act 1965 available to shareholder


ASEAN BINTULU FERTILIZER SDN BHD v. WEKAJAYA SDN BHD & ANOTHER APPEAL [2018] 2 CLJ 257
COURT OF APPEAL, PUTRAJAYA
HAMID SULTAN ABU BACKER JCA, UMI KALTHUM ABDUL MAJID JCA, SURAYA OTHMAN J
[CIVIL APPEALS NO: W-02(C)(A)-1075-06-2016 & W-02(C)(A)-1076-06-2016]
20 OCTOBER 2017

ARBITRATION: Award – Setting aside – Application on grounds of public policy – Delay of four years to hand down award – Whether claimant suffered material prejudice – Arbitrator delivered speaking award – Whether delay issue could be sole reason for appellate intervention – Whether issue of delay could be determined in application for setting aside of award – Whether delay compromised decision making process of arbitrator – Whether warranted intervention based on public policy – Arbitration Act 2005, s. 37

ARBITRATION: Award – Setting aside – Application under s. 42 of Arbitration Act 2005 – Test for court's intervention – Whether s. 42 required higher threshold – Whether claimant made out case for application of s. 42 – Whether appellate intervention warranted


APPEAL UPDATE  
  1. PP lwn. Imran Susanto & Yang Lain [2017] 1 LNS 1144 (CA) affirming the High Court case of PP lwn. Imran Susanto & Yang Lain: High Court Criminal Trial No 45A-49 & 50-07-2015.

  2. Truong Thi Hang v. PP [2017] 1 LNS 1165 (CA) affirming the High Court case of PP v. Truong Thi Hang [2014] 1 LNS 1133.

LATEST CASES

Legal Network Series

[2016] 1 LNS 972

PP lwn. DAVOOD NIKZADEH KARIM & ANOR

PROSEDUR JENAYAH: Pendakwaan - Kes prima facie - Pertuduhan pengedaran dadah berbahaya - Pertikaian berkenaan identiti dadah - Putusan rantaian keterangan - Kewujudan perbezaan berat dadah dalam pertuduhan dan keterangan ahli kimia - Perbezaan berat dadah gagal dijelaskan saksi pendakwaan - Ketiadaan keterangan berhubung penjagaan dan kawalan dadah dari masa dadah ditemui sehingga penyerahan kepada pegawai penyiasat - Sama ada elemen pertuduhan telah dibuktikan oleh pihak pendakwaan - Sama ada rantaian keterangan berhubung dadah terputus - Sama ada pihak pendakwaan telah membuktikan suatu kes prima facie terhadap tertuduh bagi pertuduhan yang dikemukakan

UNDANG-UNDANG JENAYAH: Dadah berbahaya - Pengedaran - Milikan - Dadah ditemui di dalam kotak - Kotak berisi dadah ditemui di atas jalan raya sebuah kondomonium yang diserbu - Kotak tertulis nama selain tertuduh - Tertuduh merupakan tetamu unit kondominium yang diserbu - Sama ada tertuduh mempunyai milikan terhadap kotak yang berisi dadah

[2016] 1 LNS 998

PROFESOR DR. RUGAYAH MOHAMED lwn. MOHD BAKHARI M YASIN SEBAGAI PENDAFTAR UNIVERSITI PERTAHANAN NASIONAL BERHAD & YANG LAIN

UNDANG-UNDANG PENTADBIRAN: Semakan kehakiman - Certiorari - Pembatalan penyelarasan semula faedah persaraan yang telah meminda dan atau mengurangkan faedah persaraan pemohon - Pemohon tidak diiktiraf dalam gred pangkat terakhir untuk menikmati faedah persaraan - Isu jawatan pemohon hanya dibangkit selepas pemohon dibenarkan bersara awal - Sama ada pengesahan jawatan pemohon sebagai Profesor Gred A (VK5) adalah sah dan teratur dari segi undang-undang - Sama ada perintah certiorari wajar dibenarkan

[2016] 1 LNS 1403

ENG NYOKE YEN v. HEE KAY SOON

CONTRACT: Consideration - Natural love and affection - Burden of proof - Validity of transfer of property by mother to son - Son alleged property was given as gift out of love and affection - Mother challenged validity of transfer - Whether defendant discharged onus of proof - Whether a valid consideration existed under s. 26 of Contracts Act 1950

LAND LAW: Transfer - Validity of - Transfer of property by mother to son - Son alleged property was given as gift out of love and affection - Mother challenged validity of transfer - Evidence showed history of heated argument between parties - Relationship was merely cordial - Mother was illiterate and executed transfer documents upon being informed by son they were loan documents - Whether son had taken advantage of mother's advanced age, illiteracy and inability to understand language spoken by solicitors attending to instrument of transfer - Whether transfer of property was effected lawfully - Whether plea of non est factum was applicable to plaintiff - Whether proprietorship of property ought to be returned to plaintiff

[2016] 1 LNS 1404

PP v. MUHAMMAD TAUFIK HIDAYAT

CRIMINAL LAW: Dangerous drugs - Trafficking - Possession - Drugs found in bag carried by accused - Drugs concealed in bag - Innocent carrier - Whether accused had knowledge of existence of incriminating drugs found in bag in his custody - Whether principle of wilful blindness was helpful in prosecution's case - Whether there was reasonable doubt in prosecution's case

CRIMINAL PROCEDURE: Defence - Innocent carrier - Charge relating to trafficking of dangerous drugs - Drugs found concealed in a bag carried by accused - Accused unable to call several characters raised in his defence - No explanation for failure - Prosecution failed to conduct thorough investigation - Whether possible for accused to have suspected anything unusual when he received bag - Whether plea of innocent carrier made out - Whether there was reasonable doubt in prosecution's case

[2016] 1 LNS 1720

SRT BUILDING SYSTEM SDN BHD v. ANDREW GREGORY SEWELL & ANOR

CONTRACT: Guarantee - Continuing guarantee - Action against guarantor to recover balance outstanding sum - Director being guarantor for company's debt due and owing to customer - Whether there was privity of interest between director and company - Whether guarantee was admissible

EVIDENCE: Admissibility - Unstamped document - Admissibility of unstamped guarantee - Whether unstamped guarantee admissible as evidence - Whether an unstamped guarantee could be admitted upon payment of penalty

EVIDENCE: Documentary evidence - Admissibility of - Computer generated document - Makers of documents were not called and s. 90A certificate was not produced - Whether requirements of s. 90A of Evidence Act 1950 had been established - Whether document admissible as exhibit


CLJ 2018 Volume 2 (Part 2)

FEDERAL COURT

Rinota Construction Sdn Bhd v. Mascon Rinota Sdn Bhd & Ors
Zulkefli Ahmad Makinudin PCA, Suriyadi Halim Omar, Ramly Ali, Balia Yusof Wahi, Jeffrey Tan FCJJ
(Company Law - Members' rights - Minority shareholders - Oppression) [2018] 2 CLJ 129 [FC]

COURT OF APPEAL

Labuan Ferry Corporation Sdn Bhd v. Chin Mui Kien (Trading Under The Name And Style Of Econ Focus Enterprise) & Ors And Other Appeals
Tengku Maimun Tuan Mat, Vernon Ong Lam Kiat, Abdul Rahman Sebli JJCA
(Civil Procedure; Contract - Civil Law Act 1956 - Section 3(1) - Applicability of common law principle) [2018] 2 CLJ 142 [CA]

Martego Sdn Bhd v. Arkitek Meor & Chew Sdn Bhd & Another Appeal
David Wong Dak Wah, Hamid Sultan Abu Backer, Umi Kalthum Abdul Majid JJCA
(Construction Law - Adjudication - Setting aside - Whether adjudicator acted in excess of jurisdiction) [2018] 2 CLJ 163 [CA]

Tirai Kristal Sdn Bhd v. Pengarah Tanah Dan Galian Wilayah Persekutuan Kuala Lumpur
Abdul Wahab Patail, Lim Yee Lan, Umi Kalthum Abdul Majid JJCA
(Land Law - Sale and purchase of land - Sale and purchase agreement - Parties entered into sale and purchase agreement after land search of property) [2018] 2 CLJ 212 [CA]

HIGH COURT

Binastra Ablebuild Sdn Bhd v. JPS Holdings Sdn Bhd & Another Case
Lee Swee Seng J
(Construction Law - Adjudication - Enforcement - Application to enforce adjudication decision) [2018] 2 CLJ 223 [HC]

Perbadanan Pengurusan Rumah Pangsa Taman Tasik Utama Lot 11846 v. Metacorp Properties Sdn Bhd
Vazeer Alam Mydin Meera J
(Land Law - Strata title - Management corporation - Common property) [2018] 2 CLJ 246 [HC]

SUBJECT INDEX

CIVIL PROCEDURE

Civil Law Act 1956 - Section 3(1) - Applicability of common law principle - Doctrine of prime necessity - Whether applies in Malaysia - Charges for use of ferry services unilaterally increased by provider of services - Complaint by owners/operators met with denial of ferry services by provider - Whether provider abused power as sole operator having monopoly over ferry services - Whether provider under duty to act in public interest
Labuan Ferry Corporation Sdn Bhd v. Chin Mui Kien (Trading Under The Name And Style Of Econ Focus Enterprise) & Ors And Other Appeals
(Tengku Maimun Tuan Mat, Vernon Ong Lam Kiat, Abdul Rahman Sebli JJCA) [2018] 2 CLJ 142 [CA]

COMPANY LAW

Members' rights - Minority shareholders - Oppression by majority shareholders against minority shareholders - Allegation of - Petition under s. 181 of Companies Act 1965 brought by minority shareholders - Whether there were oppressive acts - Whether proceedings ought to be brought by way of derivative action under s. 181A of Companies Act 1965 - Principle of 'reflective loss' - Whether applicable - Whether remedies under s. 181 of Companies Act 1965 available to shareholder
Rinota Construction Sdn Bhd v. Mascon Rinota Sdn Bhd & Ors
(Zulkefli Ahmad Makinudin PCA, Suriyadi Halim Omar, Ramly Ali, Balia Yusof Wahi, Jeffrey Tan FCJJ) [2018] 2 CLJ 129 [FC]

CONSTRUCTION LAW

Adjudication - Enforcement - Application to enforce adjudication decision - Jurisdictional challenge - Dispute over payment claims - Whether adjudicator had jurisdiction to hear matter by virtue of handwritten notation - Whether handwritten notation full and final settlement - Whether claimant allowed to proceed with notice to adjudicate - Whether adjudicator had jurisdiction to decide dispute even though contract had been terminated - Whether there was breach of natural justice - Whether adjudicator acted independently or impartially - Construction Industry Payment and Adjudication Act 2012, ss. 15(c), 26, 27(1), 37(3)
Binastra Ablebuild Sdn Bhd v. JPS Holdings Sdn Bhd & Another Case
(Lee Swee Seng J) [2018] 2 CLJ 223 [HC]

Adjudication - Setting aside - Application to set aside adjudication decision - Jurisdictional challenge - Dispute over payment claims - Whether adjudicator had jurisdiction to hear matter by virtue of handwritten notation - Whether handwritten notation full and final settlement - Whether claimant allowed to proceed with notice to adjudicate - Whether adjudicator had jurisdiction to decide dispute even though contract had been terminated - Whether there was breach of natural justice - Whether adjudicator acted independently or impartially - Construction Industry Payment and Adjudication Act 2012, ss. 15(c), 26, 27(1), 37(3)
Binastra Ablebuild Sdn Bhd v. JPS Holdings Sdn Bhd & Another Case
(Lee Swee Seng J) [2018] 2 CLJ 223 [HC]

Adjudication - Setting aside - Application to set aside decision of adjudicator - Claim for professional fees - Termination of Contract - Whether adjudicator acted in excess of jurisdiction - Whether Construction Industry Payment and Adjudication Act 2012 ('CIPAA') had no application to claims in respect of architectural fees - Whether claim a progress claim or final claim - Whether CIPAA only applied to interim payments and not final claims
Martego Sdn Bhd v. Arkitek Meor & Chew Sdn Bhd & Another Appeal
(David Wong Dak Wah, Hamid Sultan Abu Backer, Umi Kalthum Abdul Majid JJCA) [2018] 2 CLJ 163 [CA]

CONTRACT

Breach - Performance of contract - Inducement - Inducement leading to breach of contract - Claim for damages - Whether sole operator and monopoly of ferry services abused power - Whether sole operator having monopoly over ferry services induced breach of contract entered into by claimant and another company
Labuan Ferry Corporation Sdn Bhd v. Chin Mui Kien (Trading Under The Name And Style Of Econ Focus Enterprise) & Ors And Other Appeals
(Tengku Maimun Tuan Mat, Vernon Ong Lam Kiat, Abdul Rahman Sebli JJCA) [2018] 2 CLJ 142 [CA]

LAND LAW

Caveat - Private caveat - Failure to lodge - Sale and purchase of land - Parties entered into sale and purchase agreement after land search of property - Plaintiff's application to enter private caveat over property unsuccessful - Plaintiff commenced action against defendant's office claiming compensation - Whether plaintiff conducted private land search under s. 384 or official search within meaning of s. 385 National Land Code - Whether defendant owed duty of care to plaintiff - Whether there was failure to exercise reasonable and proper check on status of property prior to entering sale and purchase agreement - Whether plaintiff exercised due diligence - Whether plaintiff took necessary proactive measures to mitigate losses when failing to lodge caveat
Tirai Kristal Sdn Bhd v. Pengarah Tanah Dan Galian Wilayah Persekutuan Kuala Lumpur
(Abdul Wahab Patail, Lim Yee Lan, Umi Kalthum Abdul Majid JJCA) [2018] 2 CLJ 212 [CA]

Common property - Management corporation - Claim for rental for usage of property and damages for trespass - Whether there was tenancy agreement between management body and developer - Whether developer had duly delivered vacant possession of the common area - Whether there was cause of action to claim for arrears of rental - Whether Commissioner of Buildings empowered to order rental be paid or to determine amount of rental payable - Whether developer had control and occupation of common areas - Whether developer was trespassing - Payment of sinking fund - Whether arose when certificate of fitness issued for entire development and individual purchaser given vacant possession - Whether developer ordered to pay sinking fund
Perbadanan Pengurusan Rumah Pangsa Taman Tasik Utama Lot 11846 v. Metacorp Properties Sdn Bhd
(Vazeer Alam Mydin Meera J) [2018] 2 CLJ 246 [HC]

Sale and purchase of land - Sale and purchase agreement - Parties entered into sale and purchase agreement after land search of property - Application to enter private caveat over property unsuccessful - Plaintiff commenced action against defendant's office claiming compensation - Whether plaintiff conducted private land search under s. 384 or official search within meaning of s. 385 National Land Code - Whether defendant owed duty of care to plaintiff - Whether there was failure to exercise reasonable and proper check on status of property prior to entering sale and purchase agreement - Whether plaintiff exercised due diligence - Whether plaintiff took necessary proactive measures to mitigate losses when failing to lodge caveat - Whether plaintiff entitled to claim compensation for losses suffered
Tirai Kristal Sdn Bhd v. Pengarah Tanah Dan Galian Wilayah Persekutuan Kuala Lumpur
(Abdul Wahab Patail, Lim Yee Lan, Umi Kalthum Abdul Majid JJCA) [2018] 2 CLJ 212 [CA]

Strata title - Management corporation - Common property - Claim for damages for trespass - Whether developer had control and occupation of common areas - Whether there was agreement that developer maintain common area - Whether parties had full knowledge of developer being in lawful occupation of common area - Whether developer was trespassing
Perbadanan Pengurusan Rumah Pangsa Taman Tasik Utama Lot 11846 v. Metacorp Properties Sdn Bhd
(Vazeer Alam Mydin Meera J) [2018] 2 CLJ 246 [HC]

Strata title - Management corporation - Common property - Claim for rental for usage of common property - Whether there was a tenancy agreement between management body and developer - Whether developer had duly delivered vacant possession of the common area - Whether there was a cause of action to claim for arrears of rental - Whether Commissioner of Buildings empowered to order rental be paid or to determine amount of rental payable
Perbadanan Pengurusan Rumah Pangsa Taman Tasik Utama Lot 11846 v. Metacorp Properties Sdn Bhd
(Vazeer Alam Mydin Meera J) [2018] 2 CLJ 246 [HC]

Strata title - Management corporation - Common property - Payment of sinking fund - Whether arose when certificate of fitness issued for entire development and individual purchaser given vacant possession - Whether developer ordered to pay sinking fund
Perbadanan Pengurusan Rumah Pangsa Taman Tasik Utama Lot 11846 v. Metacorp Properties Sdn Bhd
(Vazeer Alam Mydin Meera J) [2018] 2 CLJ 246 [HC]


CLJ 2018 Volume 2 (Part 3)

COURT OF APPEAL

Asean Bintulu Fertilizer Sdn Bhd v. Wekajaya Sdn Bhd & Another Appeal
Hamid Sultan Abu Backer, Umi Kalthum Abdul Majid JJCA, Suraya Othman J
(Arbitration - Award - Setting aside) [2018] 2 CLJ 257 [CA]

Peguam Negara Malaysia v. Chan Tsu Chong & Ors
Umi Kalthum Abdul Majid, Idrus Harun, Hasnah Mohammed Hashim JJCA
(Administrative Law - Judicial review - Delimitation exercise) [2018] 2 CLJ 274 [CA]

Ratna Seri Arif & Ors v. The Mayor Of The City Of Kota Kinabalu & Ors
Tengku Maimun Tuan Mat, Vernon Ong Lam Kiat, Abdul Rahman Sebli JJCA
(Civil Procedure - Judicial review - Preliminary objection - Res judicata - Stare decisis) [2018] 2 CLJ 296 [CA]

Sumathy Subramaniam v. Subramaniam Gunasegaran & Another Appeal
Abang Iskandar, Badariah Sahamid, Mary Lim JJCA
(Bankruptcy; Civil Procedure - Bankruptcy notice - Validity) [2018] 2 CLJ 305 [CA]

HIGH COURT

AmGeneral Insurance Bhd v. Fazlina Mihad & Ors
Faizah Jamaludin JC
(Insurance; Limitation - Accident insurance - Insurable interest - Claim for damages) [2018] 2 CLJ 318 [HC]

Kamarusham Zakaria v. PP
Ahmad Bache JC
(Criminal Procedure; Statutory Interpretation - Review of conviction and sentence - Interpretation of Act - 'shall be liable' - Corrosive and Explosive Substances and Offensive Weapons Act 1958, s. 6(1)) [2018] 2 CLJ 328 [HC]

Kwan Teck Hian v. Insulflex Corporation Sdn Bhd
Mohd Nazlan Ghazali J
(Civil Procedure; Company Law - Director - Application for inspection of company's financial records) [2018] 2 CLJ 335 [HC]

PP v. Abdul Rashid Rahmat
Vazeer Alam Mydin Meera J
(Criminal Procedure - Supervision order - Breach of condition in supervision order - Magistrate cautioned and discharged respondent - Whether Magistrate had power and discretion to do so - Criminal Procedure Code, s. 294) [2018] 2 CLJ 360 [HC]

Tidalmarine Engineering Sdn Bhd v. Conlay Construction Sdn Bhd & Another Case
Lee Swee Seng J
(Construction Law - Application to set aside award of adjudicator - Dispute over payment claims - Enforcement) [2018] 2 CLJ 376 [HC]

SUBJECT INDEX

ADMINISTRATIVE LAW

Judicial review - Application for - Delimitation exercise - Publication of notice under s. 4 of Thirteenth Schedule of Federal Constitution - Objection to proposed recommendations - Election Commission proceeded to file second notice despite objections - Whether decision, acts or omission by Election Commission capable of being reviewed under O. 53 of Rules of Court 2012 - Federal Constitution, art. 113(2), Thirteenth Schedule, s. 7
Peguam Negara Malaysia v. Chan Tsu Chong & Ors
(Umi Kalthum Abdul Majid, Idrus Harun, Hasnah Mohammed Hashim JJCA) [2018] 2 CLJ 274 [CA]

ARBITRATION

Award - Setting aside - Application on grounds of public policy - Delay of four years to hand down award - Whether claimant suffered material prejudice - Arbitrator delivered speaking award - Whether delay issue could be sole reason for appellate intervention - Whether issue of delay could be determined in application for setting aside of award - Whether delay compromised decision making process of arbitrator - Whether warranted intervention based on public policy - Arbitration Act 2005, s. 37
Asean Bintulu Fertilizer Sdn Bhd v. Wekajaya Sdn Bhd & Another Appeal
(Hamid Sultan Abu Backer, Umi Kalthum Abdul Majid JJCA, Suraya Othman J) [2018] 2 CLJ 257 [CA]

Award - Setting aside - Application under s. 42 of Arbitration Act 2005 - Test for court's intervention - Whether s. 42 required higher threshold - Whether claimant made out case for application of s. 42 - Whether appellate intervention warranted
Asean Bintulu Fertilizer Sdn Bhd v. Wekajaya Sdn Bhd & Another Appeal
(Hamid Sultan Abu Backer, Umi Kalthum Abdul Majid JJCA, Suraya Othman J) [2018] 2 CLJ 257 [CA]

BANKRUPTCY

Bankruptcy notice - Validity - Appeal to set aside - Non-payment of judgment debt - Whether amount stipulated in notice exceeds what is due and owing - Whether summary judgment entered specified both judgment debtors as jointly and severally liable - Whether judgment creditor entitled to enforce full sum against both judgment debtors at same time - Whether both judgment debtors to pay sum stipulated jointly and in equal proportions - Whether sum specified in notice more than what judgment creditor was entitled to under terms of summary judgment - Whether bankruptcy notice must accord with terms of judgment - Whether debt ought to be clear and unequivocal - Whether bankruptcy notices invalid
Sumathy Subramaniam v. Subramaniam Gunasegaran & Another Appeal
(Abang Iskandar, Badariah Sahamid, Mary Lim JJCA) [2018] 2 CLJ 305 [CA]

CIVIL PROCEDURE

Judicial review - Application for - Proceedings - Preliminary objection - Whether Judicial Commissioner correct in allowing respondents to raise issue of unclean hands - Whether court constrained by doctrine of stare decisis - Whether issue of unclean hands had already been raised at hearing and decided upon - Whether res judicata applied
Ratna Seri Arif & Ors v. The Mayor Of The City Of Kota Kinabalu & Ors
(Tengku Maimun Tuan Mat, Vernon Ong Lam Kiat, Abdul Rahman Sebli JJCA) [2018] 2 CLJ 296 [CA]

Res judicata - Issues raised - Preliminary objection against application for judicial review - Whether Judicial Commissioner correct in allowing respondents to raise issue of unclean hands - Whether court constrained by doctrine of stare decisis - Whether issue of unclean hands had already been raised at hearing and decided upon
Ratna Seri Arif & Ors v. The Mayor Of The City Of Kota Kinabalu & Ors
(Tengku Maimun Tuan Mat, Vernon Ong Lam Kiat, Abdul Rahman Sebli JJCA) [2018] 2 CLJ 296 [CA]

Striking out - Originating summons - Application by director for inspection of company's financial records - Company applied to strike out director's originating summons - Allegation that director failed to state grounds for application in originating summons - Whether fatal to director's application - Whether mere irregularity - Whether curable - Whether company prejudiced by non-inclusion of grounds for application - Rules of Court 2012, O. 7 r. 3 & O. 2 r. 1
Kwan Teck Hian v. Insulflex Corporation Sdn Bhd
(Mohd Nazlan Ghazali J) [2018] 2 CLJ 335 [HC]

Summary judgment - Non-payment of judgment debt - Liability of judgment debtors - Whether summary judgment specified both judgment debtors jointly and severally liable - Whether liability necessarily joint when judgment is silent - Whether judgment debtors share liability equally - Whether bankruptcy notices ought to be in accord with terms of summary judgment
Sumathy Subramaniam v. Subramaniam Gunasegaran & Another Appeal
(Abang Iskandar, Badariah Sahamid, Mary Lim JJCA) [2018] 2 CLJ 305 [CA]

COMPANY LAW

Director - Rights and powers of director - Statutory right to inspect - Director suspended from directorship due to alleged wrongful acts - Request by director for inspection of company's financial records - Concerns over financial health of company and suspicions of misappropriation of banking facility - Request not acceded by company - Whether rights, duties and powers of director affected by suspension - Whether company proved that request for inspection was for ulterior or improper motive - Whether director's wrongful acts damaged operations of company - Companies Act 1965, s. 167
Kwan Teck Hian v. Insulflex Corporation Sdn Bhd
(Mohd Nazlan Ghazali J) [2018] 2 CLJ 335 [HC]

CONSTRUCTION LAW

Adjudication - Enforcement - Application to enforce adjudication decision - Dispute over payment claims - Whether there was breach of natural justice - Whether adjudicator failed to act impartially - Whether adjudicator had jurisdiction to make decision based on final claim or a final account claim - Whether there were grounds to set aside adjudication decision - Construction Industry Payment and Adjudication Act 2012, ss. 4, 5(2), 15, 25(a), 27(3) & 28(1)
Tidalmarine Engineering Sdn Bhd v. Conlay Construction Sdn Bhd & Another Case
(Lee Swee Seng J) [2018] 2 CLJ 376 [HC]

Adjudication - Setting aside - Application to set aside award of adjudicator - Dispute over payment claims - Whether there was breach of natural justice - Whether adjudicator failed to act impartially - Whether adjudicator had jurisdiction to make decision based on final claim or a final account claim - Whether there were grounds to set aside adjudication decision - Construction Industry Payment and Adjudication Act 2012, ss. 4, 5(2), 15, 25(a), 27(3) & 28(1)
Tidalmarine Engineering Sdn Bhd v. Conlay Construction Sdn Bhd & Another Case
(Lee Swee Seng J) [2018] 2 CLJ 376 [HC]

CRIMINAL PROCEDURE

Appeal - Appeal by prosecution - Drug dependant ordered by Magistrate to undergo supervision - Breach of condition in supervision order - Respondent failed to report to police station and charged under s. 6(2)(c) of Drug Dependants (Treatment and Rehabilitation) Act 1983 - Magistrate cautioned and discharged respondent - Whether Magistrate had power and discretion to do so - Criminal Procedure Code, s. 294
PP v. Abdul Rashid Rahmat
(Vazeer Alam Mydin Meera J) [2018] 2 CLJ 360 [HC]

Revision - Review of conviction and sentence - Knife found in pocket of trousers - Accused found guilty of possessing dangerous weapon in public place without lawful excuse or authority - Accused sentenced to five years imprisonment - Whether minimum sentence of five years imprisonment under s. 6(1) of Corrosive and Explosive Substances and Offensive Weapons Act 1958 mandatory or directory - Whether accused entitled to be bound-over for good behaviour - Whether conviction and sentence safe - Criminal Procedure Code, s. 325
Kamarusham Zakaria v. PP
(Ahmad Bache JC) [2018] 2 CLJ 328 [HC]

INSURANCE

Accident insurance - Insurable interest - Claim for damages - Registered owner sold car prior to accident - Whether insurance policy issued under registered owner's name void and unenforceable - Whether there had been transfer of interest of insured car - Whether there was insurable interest prior to accident
AmGeneral Insurance Bhd v. Fazlina Mihad & Ors
(Faizah Jamaludin JC) [2018] 2 CLJ 318 [HC]

Duty of disclosure - Material non-disclosure - Registered owner sold car prior to accident - No formal transfer of ownership - Insurance company not informed of transfer - Insurance policy continued to be issued under registered owner's name - Whether misrepresentation and non-disclosure of material facts - Whether there was transfer of interest where there was no formal transfer of ownership - Whether insurance policy for insured vehicle automatically lapsed where there was no novation of policy to new owner
AmGeneral Insurance Bhd v. Fazlina Mihad & Ors
(Faizah Jamaludin JC) [2018] 2 CLJ 318 [HC]

LIMITATION

Commencement of action - When action commenced - Application under s. 96(3) of Road Transport Act 1987 - Application for declaration under specific provision of written law - Whether action time barred - Whether application founded on any subsections of s. 6(1) of the Limitation Act 1953 - Whether application made before judgment entered
AmGeneral Insurance Bhd v. Fazlina Mihad & Ors
(Faizah Jamaludin JC) [2018] 2 CLJ 318 [HC]

STATUTORY INTERPRETATION

Interpretation of Act - 'shall be liable' - Corrosive and Explosive Substances and Offensive Weapons Act 1958, s. 6(1) - Whether minimum sentence of five years imprisonment under s. 6(1) of Corrosive and Explosive Substances and Offensive Weapons Act 1958 mandatory or directory - Whether word 'liable' connotes discretion of court
Kamarusham Zakaria v. PP
(Ahmad Bache JC) [2018] 2 CLJ 328 [HC]


ARTICLES

LNS Article(s)

  1. HALANGAN DI BAWAH SEKSYEN 69A AKTA KERJA 1955: SETAKAT MANAKAH IANYA TERPAKAI DALAM SIASATAN KETUA PENGARAH BURUH (MAHKAMAH BURUH)? [Read excerpt]
    by: RHYMIE BIN MOHD RAMLI* [2018] 1 LNS(A) xiv

  2. [2018] 1 LNS(A) xiv
    logo
    MALAYSIA

    HALANGAN DI BAWAH SEKSYEN 69A AKTA KERJA 1955:
    SETAKAT MANAKAH IANYA TERPAKAI DALAM SIASATAN KETUA PENGARAH BURUH (MAHKAMAH BURUH)?

    by
    RHYMIE BIN MOHD RAMLI*

    Secara asasnya peruntukan seksyen 69A Akta Kerja 1955 (selepas ini dirujuk sebagai "Akta")[1] bertujuan untuk mengelak dari pertindihan prosiding. Dalam hal tersebut, pertindihan prosiding merujuk kepada pertindihan prosiding siasatan Mahkamah Buruh dan prosiding-prosiding di bawah Akta Perhubungan Perusahaan 1967.

    Persoalan pertama yang timbul adalah samada pekerja boleh membuat aduan di bawah Seksyen 69 Akta sedangkan pekerja itu telah mengemukakan representasi di bawah seksyen 20 Akta Perhubungan Perusahaan 1967.[2] Pada hemat saya, Mahkamah Buruh tidak terikat kepada Sekseyn 69A Akta apabila pekerja membuat pengaduan dan memohon remedi yang berkaitan dengan upah bagi kerja yang dilakukan. Selanjutnya, representasi yang dikemukakan di bawah seksyen 20 Akta Perhubungan Perusahaan 1967 berbeza kerana ia tertakluk kepada matlamat pemulihan kerja atau remedi-remedi yang boleh diaward akibat pemecatan salah sekiranya dirujuk ke Mahkamah Perusahaan.

    . . .

    * LL.B (Hons) UIAM. Pengamal undang-undang pekerjaan.


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  3. MARKET SURVEYS AFTER LIWAYWAY* [Read excerpt]
    by: MICHELLE C Y LOI [2018] 1 LNS(A) xv

  4. [2018] 1 LNS(A) xv
    logo
    MALAYSIA

    MARKET SURVEYS AFTER LIWAYWAY*
    by
    MICHELLE C Y LOI

    IN THIS ARTICLE, MICHELLE LOI ANALYSES THE RECENT FEDERAL COURT DECISION ON THE VALUE OF MARKET SURVEYS TO PROVE NON-USE.

    The value of a market survey often used by a "person aggrieved"[1] to challenge a registered trade mark on the ground of non-use was assessed by the Federal Court in the recent case of Liwayway Marketing Corporation v. Oishi Group Public Co Ltd.[2] The Federal Court held that compliance with the Whitford Guidelines[3] does not automatically translate a person aggrieved case into one where the prima facie burden of proving non-use has been discharged.

    . . .

    * Published with kind permission of M/s Shearn Delamore & Co.


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LEGISLATION HIGHLIGHTS

Principal Acts

Number Title In force from Repealing
ACT 801 Finance (No. 2) Act 2017 As provided in the Act except s 20 - 23; 1 January 2018 [PU(B) 610/2017] - s 20, 21 and 23; 1 October 2018 [PU(B) 610/2017] - s 22 -
ACT 800 Employment Insurance System Act 2017 1 January 2018 [PU(B) 606/2017] -
ACT 799 Malaysian Border Security Agency Act 2017 29 December 2017 [PU(B) 595/2017] -
ACT 798 Local Authorities (Conditions of Service) Act 1964 (Revised 2017) 15 November 2017 pursuant to paragraph 6(1)(xxiii) of the Revision of Laws Act 1968 [Act 1]; Revised up to 1 November 2017; First enacted in 1968 as Act of Parliament No 9 of 1964 -
ACT 797 Sabah Ports Authority (Consequential Provisions) Act 1968 (Revised 2017) 15 November 2017 pursuant to paragraph 6(1)(xxiii) of the Revision of Laws Act 1968 [Act 1]; Revised up to 1 November 2017; First enacted in 1968 as Act No 25 of 1968 -

Amending Acts

Number Title In force from Principal/Amending Act No
ACT A1563 Arbitration (Amendment) Act 2018 Not Yet In Force ACT 646
ACT A1562 Tourism Industry (Amendment) Act 2018 Not Yet In Force ACT 482
ACT A1561 Malaysian Maritime Enforcement Agency (Amendment) Act 2018 11 January 2018 ACT 633
ACT A1560 Intellectual Property Corporation of Malaysia (Amendment) Act 2018 11 January 2018 ACT 617
ACT A1559 Malaysian Aviation Commission (Amendment) Act 2018 9 February 2018 [PU(B) 66/2018] ACT 771

PU(A)

Number Title Date of Publication In force from Principal/ Amending Act No
PU(A) 26/2018 Rules of The Court of Appeal (Amendment) 2018 7 February 2018 1 March 2018 PU(A) 524/1994
PU(A) 25/2018 Rules of The Federal Court (Amendment) 2018 7 February 2018 1 March 2018 PU(A) 376/1995
PU(A) 24/2018 Rules of Court (Amendment) 2018 7 February 2018 1 March 2018 PU(A) 205/2012
PU(A) 23/2018 Customs (Anti-Dumping Duties) Order 2018 7 February 2018 8 February 2018 to 7 February 2023 ACT 504; ACT 235
PU(A) 22/2018 Capital Markets and Services (Amendment of Schedule 5) Order 2018 6 February 2018 1 April 2018 ACT 671

PU(B)

Number Title Date of Publication In force from Principal/ Amending Act No
PU(B) 66/2018 Appointment of Date of Coming Into Operation 6 February 2018 7 February 2018 ACT A1559
PU(B) 65/2018 Appointment of Deputy Director General of Industrial Relations 6 February 2018 17 July 2017 ACT 177
PU(B) 64/2018 Appointment of Director of Industrial Relations 6 February 2018 17 July 2017 ACT 177
PU(B) 63/2018 Appointment of Deputy Public Prosecutor 5 February 2018 Specified in column (2) of the Schedule ACT 593
PU(B) 62/2018 Notice of Public Auction Under Paragraph 34(2)(b) 5 February 2018 6 February 2018 PU(A) 321/1991

Legislation Alert

Updated

Act/Principal No. Title Amended by In force from Section amended
PU(A) 205/2012 Rules of Court 2012 PU(A) 24/2018 1 March 2018 Orders 15, 31A, 55, 69A and Appendix C
ACT 671 Capital Markets and Services Act 2007 PU(A) 22/2018 1 April 2018 Schedule 5
ACT 771 Malaysian Aviation Commission Act 2015 ACT A1559 9 February 2018 [PU(B) 66/2018] Sections 2, 18, 36, 65, 66, 69, 98 and 98A
PU(A) 37/2017 Companies Regulations 2017 PU(A) 15/2018 1 February 2018 Schedule
ACT 778 Interest Schemes Act 2016 PU(A) 14/2018 31 January 2018 Second Schedule

Revoked

Act/Principal No. Title Revoked by In force from
PU(A) 214/1981 Private Employment Agencies Regulations 1981 PU(A) 16/2018 1 February 2018
PU(A) 79/2015 Price Control and Anti-Profiteering (Marking of Service Charge For Hotel and Restaurant) Order 2015 PU(A) 9/2018 25 January 2018
PU(B) 174/2017 Appointment of Date of Coming Into Operation of Rent of Parcel Or Provisional Block PU(B) 611/2017 30 December 2017
PU(B) 133/2015 Appointment of Member of the Competition Commission PU(B) 585/2017 1 October 2017 to 30 September 2020
PU(A) 161/2017 Co-operative Societies (Assumption of Control) (Appointment) Order 2017 PU(A) 331/2017 19 June 2017