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Issue #38/2018
20 September 2018

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New This Week

  1. Case(s) of the Week

    1. KHAIRY JAMALUDDIN v. DATO' SERI ANWAR IBRAHIM [2018] 8 CLJ 409

  2. Latest Cases

    1. Legal Network Series

    2. CLJ 2018 Volume 8 (Part 4)

  3. Articles

    1. LNS Article(s)

    2. CLJ Article(s)

  4. Legislation Highlights

    1. Principal Acts

    2. Amending Acts

    3. PU(A)

    4. PU(B)

    5. Legislation Alert

CASE(S) OF THE WEEK

KHAIRY JAMALUDDIN v. DATO' SERI ANWAR IBRAHIM [2018] 8 CLJ 409
COURT OF APPEAL, PUTRAJAYA
TENGKU MAIMUN TUAN MAT JCA, ZALEHA YUSOF JCA, ZABARIAH MOHD YUSOF JCA
[CIVIL APPEAL NO: W-02(W)-2061-10-2017]
01 MARCH 2018

CIVIL PROCEDURE: Appeal – Notice of appeal – Preliminary objection – Two separate orders sealed and issued by High Court – Whether separate notices of appeal should have been filed by virtue of Rules of the Court of Appeal 1994 – Whether single notice of appeal defective – Whether notice of appeal ambiguous and uncertain

CIVIL PROCEDURE: Striking out – Notice of appeal – Application for – Whether separate notices of appeal should have been filed by virtue of Rules of the Court of Appeal 1994 – Whether single notice of appeal defective – Whether notice of appeal ambiguous and uncertain


LATEST CASES

Legal Network Series

[2017] 1 LNS 655

SAKTISHWARAN BATHMANATHAN lwn. DATO' AHMAD KAMAL MD SHAHID (PENGERUSI, LEMBAGA PENCEGAHAN JENAYAH) & YANG LAIN

UNDANG-UNDANG PERLEMBAGAAN: Perundangan - Berperlembagaan – Kesahihan Akta Pencegahan Jenayah 1959 ('APJ') - Perlindungan kepada seseorang yang dikenakan dengan perintah pengawasan polis - Sama ada APJ adalah berperlembagaan - Sama ada peraturan 3 Peraturan-Peraturan Pencegahan Jenayah (Tatacara Lembaga Penasihat) 2014 memberikan satu peruntukan yang jelas mengenai perlindungan kepada seseorang yang dikenakan dengan perintah pengawasan polis

UNDANG-UNDANG PENTADBIRAN: Semakan kehakiman - Certiorari - Perintah pengawasan polis - Perkataan-perkataan yang telah digunakan oleh Lembaga Pencegahan Jenayah ('LPJ') tidak selari dengan perkataan-perkataan di dalam s. 15(1) Akta Pencegahan Jenayah 1959 (APJ') - Sama ada perintah pengawasan telah memenuhi keperluan prosedur di bawah s. 15 APJ - Sama ada terdapat ketidakpatuhan prosedur dilakukan oleh lembaga pencegahan jenayah

 Bagi pihak pemohon - Gobind Singh Deo & Mohd Haijan Omar; T/n Gobind Singh & Deo
 Bagi pihak responden-responden - Lee Wai Yi, Peguam Kanan Persekutuan; Pejabat Penasihat Undang-Undang Kementerian Dalam Negeri

[2017] 1 LNS 691

PP lwn. IMAM WAHYUDIN KARJONO & SATU LAGI

PROSEDUR JENAYAH: Penghukuman - Kesalahan serius - Kesalahan memberi sokongan kepada kumpulan pengganas Islamic State (IS) - Tertuduh melakukan perbuatan melemparkan bom tangan ke tempat awam yang mengakibatkan cedera parah kepada orang awam dan memusnahkan harta awam - Sama ada kesalahan yang dilakukan adalah amat serius - Sama ada hukuman berbentuk deteran perlu dijatuhkan

PROSEDUR JENAYAH: Penghukuman - Peringanan - Kesalahan serius - Pengakuan bersalah selepas saksi-saksi pendakwaan memberikan keterangan - Pesalah muda - Sama ada pengakuan bersalah boleh dijadikan alasan untuk hukuman yang ringan - Sama ada tertuduh adalah cukup dewasa untuk mengetahui impak dan kesan dari kesalahan yang dilakukan - Sama ada tertuduh wajar menerima hukuman yang setimpal dengan kesalahan serius

 Bagi pihak responden - Saiful Edris Hj Zainuddin & Mohamad Mustaffa P Kunyalam, Timbalan Pendakwaraya
 Bagi pihak OKT1 - Wan Azwan Aiman; T/n Azwan Aiman Fakhrul & Co
 Bagi pihak OKT2 - PA Sharon; T/n Palani Ammal & Co

[2017] 1 LNS 901

ENERGY PERSONNEL SOLUTIONS (M) SDN BHD v. MENTERI SUMBER MANUSIA, MALAYSIA & ANOR

ADMINISTRATIVE LAW: Judicial review - Certiorari - Exercise of discretionary power under s. 20(3) of Industrial Relations Act 1967 ('IRA') - Application to quash decision of Minister of Human Resource - Application to quash decision of Minister to refer 2nd respondent's representation to Industrial Court - Applicant alleged 2nd respondent was independent contractor engaged under a contract for service - Whether 2nd respondent was workman within meaning of s. 20(1) of IRA - Whether applicant and 2nd respondent had employer employee relationship - Whether Minister had acted in excess of jurisdiction

 For the applicant - Teh Hong Jet; M/s Ho-Noecker & Pragasam
 For the 1st respondent - Ayu Rohaiza Khazali, Peguam Kanan Persekutuan; Cawangan Wilayah Persekutuan Kuala Lumpur
 For the 2nd respondent - James Dominic Culaz; M/s Culaz & Associates

[2017] 1 LNS 1469

MAHENDRAN MANICKAM v. CHANG SUAN GEEN

FAMILY LAW: Divorce - Decree nisi - Application to set aside consent decree nisi - Application filed before consent decree nisi could become absolute - Application to set aside filed several weeks later - Respondent wife alleged she was ill-advised by solicitors and not aware a consent decree was entered - Whether there was valid reason to set aside consent decree nisi - Whether complaint was legitimate

FAMILY LAW: Divorce - Decree nisi - Application to vary terms of consent decree nisi - Maintenance for wife - Respondent wife alleged she was ill-advised by solicitors and not aware a consent decree was entered - Contents of consent decree nisi were translated, repeated and explained to respondent wife with presence of her solicitors - Whether there was any misrepresentation or mistake of fact - Whether application to vary terms ought to be granted - Law Reform (Marriage and Divorce) Act 1976, s. 83

FAMILY LAW: Divorce - Decree nisi - Jurisdictional power - Application to vary terms of consent decree nisi - Matrimonial property - Whether court has jurisdiction to vary terms entered into for matrimonial property - Whether court could deal with matrimonial property after a consent decree nisi has been entered - Law Reform (Marriage and Divorce) Act 1976, s. 76

 For the petitioner husband - Barathi; M/s Kamarudin Yusof & Associates
 For the respondent wife - Krishnan; M/s N Krishnan Nair & Co

[2017] 1 LNS 1470

COLIN WONG HER SHENQ v. SENG FAN TIEN & ORS

CIVIL PROCEDURE: Striking out - Writ and statement of claim - Action time barred - Cause of actions of fraud, conspiracy and negligence - Six years lapsed since date of discovery - Whether plaintiff had taken a lackadaisical attitude toward his claim against defendants - Whether discovery of information in stages could postpone limitation period - Whether an action brought outside limitation period could be struck out for being frivolous, scandalous and vexatious and also an abuse of process of court

 For the plaintiff - Desmond J Louis; M/s Imran, Shahareen & Co
 For the 2nd defendant - Andrew Teh & Sara Anthony; M/s Wong Lu Peen & Tunku Alina


CLJ 2018 Volume 8 (Part 4)

COURT OF APPEAL

Khairy Jamaluddin v. Dato' Seri Anwar Ibrahim
Tengku Maimun Tuan Mat, Zaleha Yusof, Zabariah Mohd Yusof JJCA
(Civil Procedure - Notice of appeal - Two separate orders sealed and issued by High Court - Whether separate notices of appeal should be filed) [2018] 8 CLJ 409 [CA]

 For the appellant - Muhammad Shafee Abdullah & Sarah Abishegam; M/s Shafee & Co
 For the respondent - R Sivarasa & Leela Jesuthasan; M/s Chambers of Leela J 

KHK Advertising Sdn Bhd v. Siera Management Sdn Bhd (In Liquidation)
Alizatul Khair Osman, Abang Iskandar, Idrus Harun JJCA
(Company Law - Winding-up - Permanent stay of winding up order) [2018] 8 CLJ 423 [CA]

 For the appellant - Khoo Guan Huat & Melissa Long; M/s Skrine
 For the respondent - Mohd Izral Khairy; M/s Izral Partnership 

Lau Yong Ying v. The Bank Of Punjab & Ors And Other Appeals
David Wong Dak Wah, Umi Kalthum Abdul Majid, Hasnah Mohammed Hashim JJCA
(Criminal Law - Offences - Money-laundering - Notice of seizure of land - Whether prohibited further dealings in land) [2018] 8 CLJ 446 [CA]

(Civil Appeal No: B-02(A)-900-06-2015)
 For the appellant - Americk Sidhu; M/s Americk Sidhu
 For the respondents - Lambert Rasa-Ratnam, Bahari Yeow Tien Hong, Muhammad Faizal Faiz Mohd Hasani & Ong Wei Shen; M/s Lee Hishammuddin Allen & Gledhill

(Civil Appeal No: B-01(A)-214-07-2015)
 For the appellant - Naziah Mokhtar; State Legal Advisor, Selangor
 For the respondent - Lambert Rasa-Ratnam, Bahari Yeow Tien Hong, Muhammad Faizal Faiz Mohd Hasani & Ong Wei Shen; M/s Lee Hishammuddin Allen & Gledhill

(Civil Appeal No: B-02(A)-935-06-2015)
 For the appellant - Shaikh Abdul Saleem & Hajinder Singh; M/s Shaikh David Raj
 For the respondent - Lambert Rasa-Ratnam, Bahari Yeow Tien Hong, Muhammad Faizal Faiz Mohd Hasani & Ong Wei Shen; M/s Lee Hishammuddin Allen & Gledhill 

HIGH COURT

Abdul Wahab Hassan & Ors v. Suruhanjaya Pilihanraya Malaysia & Anor
Azizah Nawawi J
(Administrative Law - Judicial review - Application for leave - Whether exceptional circumstances shown) [2018] 8 CLJ 469 [HC]

 For the applicant - Gobind Singh Deo, Michelle Ng, Joanne Chua & Jamie Lee; M/s JM Lee & Co
 For the prosecution - Suzana Atan, Shamsul Bolhassan & Nik Azrin Zairin Nik Abdullah; SFCs 

Azmi Ismail & Satu Lagi lwn. PP
Hassan Abdul Ghani PK
(Undang-undang Jenayah; Prosedur Jenayah - Kesalahan bawah Akta Pemuliharaan Hidupan Liar 2010 - Sabitan dan hukuman - Rayuan) [2018] 8 CLJ 477 [HC]

 Bagi pihak perayu pertama - Ikmal Hisam & Noralia; T/n Ikmal Hisham & Rakan-Rakan
 Bagi pihak perayu kedua - Ahmad Nizam, Falihin Kamil & Amirul Radzi; T/n Sazali & Lim
 Bagi pihak responden - Munirah Zainol Abidin; TPR 

Kontron Asia Pacific Design Sdn Bhd & Anor v. Quah Sin Chye & Ors And Another Appeal
Hadhariah Syed Ismail J
(Company Law; Tort - Director - Breach of fiduciary duties - Liability of directors - Conspiracy to injure - Elements of) [2018] 8 CLJ 490 [HC]

(Suit No: 22-714-2010)
 For the plaintiffs - Jack Yow, Joshua & Kwong Chiew Ee; M/s Rahmat Lim & Partners
 For the 1st defendant - RK Nathan & Vinod Kamalanathan; M/s RK Nathan

(Suit No: 22-710-2010)
 For the plaintiff - Jack Yow, Joshua & Kwong Chiew Ee; M/s Rahmat Lim & Partners
 For the defendant - Lim Aun Phung; M/s Lim, Heng & Co 

SRS Sports Centre Sdn Bhd v. World Triathlon Corporation
Nordin Hassan J
(Civil Procedure; Contract - Forum conveniens - Whether Malaysia proper forum to determine dispute - Whether termination of agreement lawful) [2018] 8 CLJ 519 [HC]

 For the plaintiff - M Rajan; M/s Hakem Arabi & Assocs
 For the defendant - Nirmalan & Ms Joyce Sum; M/s Skrine 

SUBJECT INDEX

ADMINISTRATIVE LAW

Judicial review - Certiorari - Application for leave to commence judicial review proceedings against decision of respondents - Whether available when there is alternative remedy by way of appeal - Whether there are exceptional circumstances - Elections (Registration of Electors) Regulations 2002, regs. 20(1) and 20(4)
Abdul Wahab Hassan & Ors v. Suruhanjaya Pilihanraya Malaysia & Anor
(Azizah Nawawi J) [2018] 8 CLJ 469 [HC]

CIVIL PROCEDURE

Appeal - Notice of appeal - Preliminary objection - Two separate orders sealed and issued by High Court - Whether separate notices of appeal should have been filed by virtue of Rules of the Court of Appeal 1994 - Whether single notice of appeal defective - Whether notice of appeal ambiguous and uncertain
Khairy Jamaluddin v. Dato' Seri Anwar Ibrahim
(Tengku Maimun Tuan Mat, Zaleha Yusof, Zabariah Mohd Yusof JJCA) [2018] 8 CLJ 409 [CA]

Forum - Forum conveniens - Parties entered into event license agreement - Agreement terminated due to failure to rectify defaults - Agreement contained exclusive jurisdiction clause stipulating that litigation arising out of or relating to agreement would be tried in United States of America - Whether Malaysia proper forum to determine dispute and/or subject matter of claim - Whether Malaysian High Court seized with jurisdiction to hear case - Whether proceedings ought to be stayed - Rules of Court 2012, O. 12 r. 10(2) - Courts of Judicature Act 1964, s. 23(1)(a)
SRS Sports Centre Sdn Bhd v. World Triathlon Corporation
(Nordin Hassan J) [2018] 8 CLJ 519 [HC]

Striking out - Notice of appeal - Application for - Whether separate notices of appeal should have been filed by virtue of Rules of the Court of Appeal 1994 - Whether single notice of appeal defective - Whether notice of appeal ambiguous and uncertain
Khairy Jamaluddin v. Dato' Seri Anwar Ibrahim
(Tengku Maimun Tuan Mat, Zaleha Yusof, Zabariah Mohd Yusof JJCA) [2018] 8 CLJ 409 [CA]

COMPANY LAW

Director - Breach of fiduciary duties - Allegation that directors involved in fictitious transactions - Failure to follow procedure set out in company's contract formation policy - Whether business carried out in irregular, abnormal and nonsensical way - Whether directors grossly negligent - Whether caused losses to company - Whether company knew of fictitious transactions - Whether directors liable to make good losses suffered by company
Kontron Asia Pacific Design Sdn Bhd & Anor v. Quah Sin Chye & Ors And Another Appeal
(Hadhariah Syed Ismail J) [2018] 8 CLJ 490 [HC]

Director - Liability of directors - Breach of fiduciary duties - Allegation that directors involved in fictitious transactions - Failure to follow procedure set out in company's contract formation policy - Whether business carried out in irregular, abnormal and nonsensical way - Whether directors grossly negligent - Whether caused losses to company - Whether company knew of fictitious transactions - Whether directors liable to make good losses suffered by company
Kontron Asia Pacific Design Sdn Bhd & Anor v. Quah Sin Chye & Ors And Another Appeal
(Hadhariah Syed Ismail J) [2018] 8 CLJ 490 [HC]

Winding-up - Petition - Permanent stay of winding up order - Whether winding up proceedings brought in bad faith and with ulterior motive of damaging plaintiff's business - Whether winding up order obtained with reasonable and probable cause - Whether there was malicious prosecution - Companies Act 1965, ss. 218 & 243
KHK Advertising Sdn Bhd v. Siera Management Sdn Bhd (In Liquidation)
(Alizatul Khair Osman, Abang Iskandar, Idrus Harun JJCA) [2018] 8 CLJ 423 [CA]

CONTRACT

Agreement - Termination - Parties entered into event license agreement - Agreement terminated due to failure to rectify defaults - Agreement contained exclusive jurisdiction clause stipulating that litigation arising out of or relating to agreement would be tried in United States of America - Whether termination lawful - Whether there was fraud and/or conspiracy - Whether Malaysia proper forum to determine dispute and/or subject matter of claim
SRS Sports Centre Sdn Bhd v. World Triathlon Corporation
(Nordin Hassan J) [2018] 8 CLJ 519 [HC]

CRIMINAL LAW

Offences - Money-laundering - Seizure - Notice - Public Prosecutor issued notice of seizure of land - Whether issuance of notice prohibited any further dealings in land - Whether any party registered as owner of land after issuance of notice of seizure only acquired defeasible title - Whether title liable to be set aside on ground it was acquired by means of void instrument - Whether notice of seizure validated by Registrar of Titles' failure to endorse terms of notice of seizure on affected land's document of title - Anti-Money Laundering and Anti-Terrorism Financing Act 2001, ss. 44, 51, 54, 56 & 57
Lau Yong Ying v. The Bank Of Punjab & Ors And Other Appeals
(David Wong Dak Wah, Umi Kalthum Abdul Majid, Hasnah Mohammed Hashim JJCA) [2018] 8 CLJ 446 [CA]

TORT

Conspiracy - Conspiracy to injure - Elements of - Breach of fiduciary duties by company directors - Allegation that directors involved in fictitious transactions - Whether business carried out in irregular, abnormal and nonsensical way - Whether resulted in loss and damages to company - Whether directors grossly negligent - Whether case of tort of conspiracy to injure established
Kontron Asia Pacific Design Sdn Bhd & Anor v. Quah Sin Chye & Ors And Another Appeal
(Hadhariah Syed Ismail J) [2018] 8 CLJ 490 [HC]

INDEKS PERKARA

PROSEDUR JENAYAH

Hukuman - Rayuan terhadap hukuman - Kesalahan melibatkan hidupan liar - Penyimpanan kepala kambing gurun dan 19 bahagian daging kambing gurun tanpa permit - Tertuduh-tertuduh dihukum penjara dua tahun dan didenda RM300,000 bagi setiap pertuduhan - Kepentingan awam - Faktor-faktor mitigasi - Sama ada munasabah untuk mengenakan denda terlalu tinggi - Sama ada hukuman denda digantikan dan dikurangkan - Sama ada hukuman penjara dikekalkan
Azmi Ismail & Satu Lagi lwn. PP
(Hassan Abdul Ghani PK) [2018] 8 CLJ 477 [HC]

UNDANG-UNDANG JENAYAH

Hidupan liar - Penyimpanan kepala kambing gurun dan 19 bahagian daging kambing gurun tanpa permit - Rayuan terhadap sabitan dan hukuman - Sama ada pertuduhan tidak sah di sisi undang-undang - Sama ada wujudnya faktor 'double jeopardy' - Elemen penyimpanan dibuktikan dengan penemuan dan rampasan hidupan liar - Sama ada kedua-dua tertuduh mempunyai niat bersama - Keterangan ikut keadaan - Sama ada membuktikan kebersalahan kedua-dua tertuduh - Sama ada kedua-dua tertuduh gagal menyangkal segala bukti dan keterangan pihak pendakwaan - Sama ada sabitan selamat - Akta Pemuliharaan Hidupan Liar 2010, s. 68 - Kanun Tatacara Jenayah, s. 376(1) - Perlembagaan Persekutuan, per. 145(3)
Azmi Ismail & Satu Lagi lwn. PP
(Hassan Abdul Ghani PK) [2018] 8 CLJ 477 [HC]


ARTICLES

LNS Article(s)

  1. LAND LAW - INDEFEASIBILITY: MEANING OF 'GOOD FAITH' [Read excerpt]
    HENG YEE KEAT* [2018] 1 LNS(A) xci

  2. [2018] 1 LNS(A) xci
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    MALAYSIA

    LAND LAW - INDEFEASIBILITY: MEANING OF 'GOOD FAITH'

    HENG YEE KEAT*

    Introduction

    In Peninsular Malaysia, the law governing land matters is embodied in the National Land Code 1965 ("NLC"). The NLC provides for the Torrens system of title by registration - it is the act of registration that confers title to or interest in land.[1]

    Section 340 of the NLC deals with the indefeasibility of a registered title to and interest in land. The term 'indefeasible' though used in Section 340 of the NLC, is not defined in the NLC. By a judge-made decision, this term 'indefeasible' has been judicially defined to mean 'immune from attack by adverse claim to the land or interest in respect of which he is registered'.[2]

    . . .

    * Copyright © 2018 Heng Yee Keat, Advocate & Solicitor, High Court of Malaya, yee.keat.heng@christopherleeong.com


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  3. CONFLICT OF INTEREST AND THE REMOVAL OF LIQUIDATORS* [Read excerpt]
    DIANA LAU ANN NA** [2018] 1 LNS(A) xc

  4. [2018] 1 LNS(A) xc
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    MALAYSIA

    CONFLICT OF INTEREST AND THE REMOVAL OF LIQUIDATORS*

    DIANA LAU ANN NA**

    A liquidator is appointed for the winding up of a company, whether it is a compulsory winding up by the court,[1] or a winding up initiated by its members[2] or creditors.[3]

    The liquidator's primary task is to wind up the affairs of the company and to distribute its assets to the parties interested in the winding up.[4] In performing his duty, the liquidator will:

    (a) Investigate the affairs and assets of the company;

    (b) Investigate the conduct of its directors and other related persons;

    (c) Investigate claims made by creditors and third parties;

    (d) Realise the assets of the company assets;

    (e) Distribute the proceeds of the liquidation to creditors and contributories.[5]

    . . .

    * This article is reproduced, with permission, from the Legal Herald (June 2018), a publication by Lee Hishammuddin Allen & Gledhill, Advocates & Solicitors, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.

    ** (dla@lh-ag.com) is an associate with the Banking & Insolvency Practice, and is part of a team headed by Andrew Chiew Ean Vooi.

    Andrew Chiew Ean Vooi (ac@lh-ag.com) is one of the partners with the Banking & Insolvency Practice, and advises financial institutions on a range of matters including banker-customer relationship, borrowers' obligations, Islamic banking, money laundering and banking fraud. They also act for clients in liquidation, receivership and personal insolvency matters.


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  5. PENCEMARAN TEMPAT KEJADIAN JENAYAH [Read excerpt]
    Mohd Aliffadhli Zakaria[i] Nurul Suffina Ahmad[ii] Alia Suzila Chek Pi[iii] Ramalinggam Rajamanickam[iv] [2018] 1 LNS(A) xcii

  6. [2018] 1 LNS(A) xcii
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    MALAYSIA

    PENCEMARAN TEMPAT KEJADIAN JENAYAH

    Mohd Aliffadhli Zakaria[i]
    Nurul Suffina Ahmad[ii]
    Alia Suzila Chek Pi[iii]
    Ramalinggam Rajamanickam[iv]

    Abstrak

    Perkembangan bidang sains forensik dilihat memberikan manfaat yang amat penting dan besar dalam menyelesaikan atau merungkai misteri dalam sesuatu kejadian jenayah. Bidang ini semakin popular kerana peranannya dalam membantu memberikan jawapan yang hampir tepat dalam siasatan kes. Bidang sains forensik ialah suatu bidang yang menggunakan kepakaran sains dalam bidang fizik, kimia, biologi, sains komputer, kejuruteraan dan lain-lain untuk membantu pihak berwajib dalam siasatan kes. Bidang ini juga memainkan peranan yang penting dalam sistem perundangan jenayah kerana kepakaran tersebut boleh membantu dalam memberikan maklumat saintifik melalui analisis bahan bukti fizikal. Dalam siasatan sesuatu kes, pasukan forensik biasanya perlu mengambil kira pelbagai aspek dalam menjalankan siasatan di tempat kejadian jenayah. 

    . . .

    [i] Penolong Pengarah, Suruhanjaya Komunikasi dan Multimedia Malaysia (SKMM). E-mel: aliff.zakaria84@yahoo.com.

    [ii] Pegawai Undang-Undang Suruhanjaya Integriti Agensi Penguatkuasaan (EAIC). E-mel: nurulsuffina@gmail.com.

    [iii] Penolong Pegawai Undang-Undang, Bahagian Perbicaraan dan Rayuan, Jabatan Peguam Negara. E-mel: aliasuzila6600@gmail.com.

    [iv] Pensyarah Kanan, Fakulti Undang-Undang, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia (UKM). E-mel: rama@ukm.edu.my.


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  7. APPRAISING THE STATUTORY FRAMEWORK ON CHILD RIGHTS PROTECTION [Read excerpt]
    Akinremi Funmilola* Deborah Alolo Olorunmaie** [2018] 1 LNS(A) lxxxix

  8. [2018] 1 LNS(A) lxxxix
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    NIGERIA

    APPRAISING THE STATUTORY FRAMEWORK ON CHILD RIGHTS PROTECTION

    Akinremi Funmilola*
    Deborah Alolo Olorunmaie**

    Abstract

    Children are the future of any family, society or country. To this extent, it is the duty of every government and society to ensure that children are given every care, help, protection, training and education they may need, in order to grow into useful citizens and members of society. It is for this reason that laws have been enacted to protect children from different types of violence. This research paper is an appraisal of the laws put in place by the Nigerian government to protect children from violence and abuse. The thrust of this paper shall be to first expound the theory of who a child is and the position of the law with regards to the right of a child in the home and society at large. Furthermore, this work examines the legal concept of a child and the provisions of the law, geared towards protection of the child. It also seeks to make an assessment/examination as to whether those provisions are adequate or not. This paper concludes that there is a need to ensure enforcement of these laws so that the Nigerian child can be protected from all types of violence.

    . . .

    * College of Law, Joseph Ayo Babalola University, Ikeji Arakeji, Osun State, Nigeria

    ** W.A. Aliwo & Co. Cryster Chamber, Kogi State, Nigeria


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CLJ Article(s)

  1. SIASATAN KEBAKARAN FORENSIK: KEPENTINGAN DAN HALA TUJU DI MALAYSIA [Read excerpt]
    TENGKU SHAHRIZAM TUAN LAH, ZALLIZA ARIP SARASWATHI RAVINDRAN* & RAMALINGGAM RAJAMANICKAM** [2018] 8 CLJ(A) xxv

  2. [2018] 8 CLJ(A) xxv
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    MALAYSIA

    SIASATAN KEBAKARAN FORENSIK:
    KEPENTINGAN DAN HALA TUJU DI MALAYSIA


    TENGKU SHAHRIZAM TUAN LAH, ZALLIZA ARIP SARASWATHI RAVINDRAN* & RAMALINGGAM RAJAMANICKAM**

    Abstrak

    Dewasa ini, terdapat banyak insiden kebakaran yang berlaku di negara kita. Ia berlaku disebabkan oleh pelbagai faktor seperti kerosakan peralatan elektrik, renjatan kuasa dan sebahagiannya disebabkan oleh perbuatan khianat menggunakan api. Oleh yang demikian, penyiasatan kebakaran adalah sangat penting bagi memastikan punca-punca kebakaran dapat dikenal pasti. Secara umumnya, penulisan ini akan membincangkan siasatan kebakaran di negara ini serta peranan yang dimainkan oleh pegawai penyiasat kebakaran. Penulisan ini juga meninjau cabaran-cabaran yang dihadapi oleh pegawai penyiasat kebakaran di Malaysia. Penulisan ini meneliti amalan siasatan kebakaran di negara lain dan membuat perbandingan dengan amalan yang diterima pakai di Malaysia. Ini bertujuan mengenal pasti kelemahan-kelemahan yang terdapat dalam siasatan kebakaran di Malaysia agar mutu penyiasatan bertambah baik pada masa akan datang.

    . . .

    * Mahasiswa, Fakulti Undang-Undang, Universiti Kebangsaaan Malaysia.

    ** Pensyarah Kanan, Fakulti Undang-Undang, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia.


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LEGISLATION HIGHLIGHTS

Principal Acts

Number Title In force from Repealing
ACT 807 Service Tax Act 2018 1 September 2018 [PU(B) 508/2018] -
ACT 806 Sales Tax Act 2018 1 September 2018 [PU(B) 506/2018] -
ACT 805 Goods and Services Tax (Repeal) Act 2018 1 September 2018 [PU(B) 510/2018] -
ACT 804 Dental Act 2018 Not Yet In Force -
ACT 803 Anti-Fake News Act 2018 11 April 2018 [PU(B) 174/2018] -

Amending Acts

Number Title In force from Principal/Amending Act No
ACT A1572 Free Zones (Amendment) Act 2018 1 September 2018 [PU(B) 512/2018] ACT 438
ACT A1571 Customs (Amendment) Act 2018 1 September 2018 [PU(B) 511/2018] ACT 235
ACT A1570 Sports Development (Amendment) Act 2018 Not Yet In Force ACT 576
ACT A1569 Arbitration (Amendment) (No. 2) Act 2018 8 May 2018 [PU(B) 265/2018] ACT 646
ACT A1568 Fire Services (Amendment) Act 2018 1 September 2018 [PU(B) 505/2018] ACT 341

PU(A)

Number Title Date of Publication In force from Principal/ Amending Act No
PU(A) 236/2018 Passports (Exemption of Visa To Citizen of The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia) Order 2018 12 September 2018 15 September 2018 ACT 150
PU(A) 235/2018 Self-Employment Social Security (Amendment of Second Schedule) Order 2018 6 September 2018 14 June 2017 ACT 789
PU(A) 234/2018 Sales Tax (Goods Exempted From Tax) (Amendment) (No. 2) Order 2018 6 September 2018 6 September 2018 PU(A) 219/2018
PU(A) 233/2018 Sales Tax (Rates of Tax) (Amendment) Order 2018 6 September 2018 6 September 2018 PU(A) 221/2018
PU(A) 232/2018 Service Tax (Imposition of Tax For Taxable Service In Respect of Designated Areas and Special Areas) (Amendment) Order 2018 6 September 2018 6 September 2018 PU(A) 212/2018

PU(B)

Number Title Date of Publication In force from Principal/ Amending Act No
PU(B) 512/2018 Appointment of Date of Coming Into Operation 28 August 2018 29 August 2018 ACT A1572
PU(B) 511/2018 Appointment of Date of Coming Into Operation 28 August 2018 29 August 2018 ACT A1571
PU(B) 510/2018 Appointment of Date of Coming Into Operation 28 August 2018 29 August 2018 ACT 805
PU(B) 509/2018 Appointment of Effective Date For Charging and Levying of Service Tax 28 August 2018 29 August 2018 ACT 807
PU(B) 508/2018 Appointment of Date of Coming Into Operation 28 August 2018 29 August 2018 ACT 807

Legislation Alert

Updated

Act/Principal No. Title Amended by In force from Section amended
ACT 789 Self-Employment Social Security Act 2017 PU(A) 235/2018 14 June 2017 Second Schedule
ACT 51 Dental Act 1971 PU(A) 229/2018 5 September 2018 Second Schedule
PU(A) 103/2017 Customs (Prohibition of Imports) Order 2017 PU(A) 223/2018 1 September 2018 Second and Fourth Schedule
PU(A) 102/2017 Customs (Prohibition of Exports) Order 2017 PU(A) 222/2018 1 September 2018 Second Schedule
PU(A) 210/2007 Customs (Appeal Tribunal) Regulations 2007 PU(A) 215/2018 1 September 2018 Regulations 3 and 4

Revoked

Act/Principal No. Title Revoked by In force from
PU(A) 461/1997 Fees (National Planetarium) Order 1997 PU(A) 177/2018 30 July 2018
PU(A) 349/2016 Price Control and Anti-Profiteering (Mechanism to Determine Unreasonably High Profit For Goods) Regulations 2016 PU(A) 130/2018 6 June 2018
PU(A) 184/2013 Ministers of the Federal Government (No. 2) Order 2013 PU(A) 125/2018 10 May 2018
PU(A) 187/2014 Goods and Services Tax (Imposition of Tax For Supplies in Respect of Designated Areas) Order 2014 PU(A) 123/2018 1 June 2018
PU(A) 185/2014 Goods and Services Tax (Application to Government) Order 2014 PU(A) 122/2018 1 June 2018