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Issue #34/2018
23 August 2018

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New This Week

  1. Case(s) of the Week

    1. MOHD ZAMRI ISMAIL v. KOPERASI PEKEBUN KECIL GETAH NASIONAL BHD [2018] 7 CLJ 702

  2. Appeal Update

    1. Appeal Update

  3. Latest Cases

    1. Legal Network Series

    2. CLJ 2018 Volume 7 (Part 6)

  4. Articles

    1. LNS Article(s)

    2. CLJ Article(s)

  5. Legislation Highlights

    1. Principal Acts

    2. Amending Acts

    3. PU(A)

    4. PU(B)

    5. Legislation Alert

CASE(S) OF THE WEEK

MOHD ZAMRI ISMAIL v. KOPERASI PEKEBUN KECIL GETAH NASIONAL BHD [2018] 7 CLJ 702
COURT OF APPEAL, PUTRAJAYA
HAMID SULTAN ABU BACKER JCA, PRASAD SANDOSHAM ABRAHAM JCA, ASMABI MOHAMAD JCA
[CIVIL APPEAL NO: W-02(A)-789-04-2016]
27 OCTOBER 2017

LABOUR LAW: Employment – Dismissal – Employee failed to act upon certain letter causing employer to suffer losses – Employee terminated from employment – Industrial Court found that employee was dismissed without just cause and excuse and punishment of dismissal was too harsh – Whether punishment of dismissal too harsh – Whether Industrial Court could apply doctrine of proportionality of punishment to ascertain award – Industrial Relations Act 1967, s. 20(3)

INDUSTRIAL COURT: Award – Proportionality of punishment – Employee failed to act upon certain letter causing employer to suffer losses – Employee terminated from employment – Industrial Court found that employee was dismissed without just cause and excuse and punishment of dismissal was too harsh – Whether punishment of dismissal too harsh – Whether Industrial Court could apply doctrine of proportionality of punishment to ascertain award – Industrial Relations Act 1967, s. 20(3)

CIVIL PROCEDURE: Judicial review – Certiorari – High Court quashed decision of Industrial Court – Whether there were infirmities in decision of Industrial Court – Whether Industrial Court applied wrong principles – Whether Industrial Court had taken into consideration irrelevant matters or had not taken into consideration relevant matters – Whether Industrial Court handed down unfair award – Whether High Court should interfere in Industrial Court’s decision


APPEAL UPDATE  
  1. PP v. Zuraini Bahar & Ors [2016] 1 LNS 1519 (CA) affirming the High Court case of PP v. Zuraini Bahar & Ors [Criminal Trial No.: LMN - 45 - 302-1/4-2013]

  2. Bauer (Malaysia) Sdn Bhd v. Jack-In-Pile (M) Sdn Bhd [2018] 1 LNS 427 (CA) overruling the High Court case of Jack-In-Pile (M) Sdn Bhd v Bauer (Malaysia) Sdn Bhd & Anor Appeal [2017] 1 LNS 1270

LATEST CASES

Legal Network Series

[2016] 1 LNS 1211

YEOH SOON PENG (ACTING AS ADMINISTRATOR OF THE ESTATE OF YEOH SWEE WENG, DECEASED) v. SWAMINATHAN SWETHARANYAM @ SM SWETHARANYAM SWAMINATHAN CHETTIAR (ACTING AS ADMINISTRATOR AND BENEFICIARY OF THE ESTATE OF M. RM. SP. VENKATACHALAM CHETTIAR @ MUSA RAWANA MANA SOONA PANA VENKATACHALAM CHETTIAR S/O SUBRAMANIAM CHETTIAR @ M. RM. SP. V. VENKATACHALAM CHETTIAR, DECEASED AND SOLE EXECUTOR AND BENEFICIARY OF THE ESTATE OF M. R. M. SP. SM. SWAMINATHAN CHETTIAR, DECEASED) & ORS

CIVIL PROCEDURE: Action - Dismissal of action - Plaintiff not acting in a fair and open manner by disclosing his bankruptcy to his solicitors with promptitude - Plaintiff failed to attend court on trial day - Defendant came fully prepared for trial to defend plaintiff's claim and his counterclaim - Parties were unable to ascertain when sanction of Director General of Insolvency as well as leave of bankruptcy court could be obtained - Whether plaintiff was guilty of inordinate and inexcusable delay - Whether plaintiff's conduct caused prejudice to defendant - Whether action ought to be dismissed with liberty to re-file - Whether defendant ought to be given costs

CIVIL PROCEDURE: Trial - Adjournment - Discretion of court - Plaintiff failed to attend court on trial day - Defendant came fully prepared for trial to defend plaintiff's claim and his counterclaim - Plaintiff was adjudged a bankrupt and had not obtained sanction from the Director General of Insolvency - Defendant had not obtained leave of bankruptcy court to pursue counterclaim against plaintiff - Parties were unable to ascertain when sanction of Director General of Insolvency as well as leave of bankruptcy court could be obtained - Whether granting of an adjournment is a discretion of court - Whether an adjournment ought to be granted - Rules of Court 2012, O. 35 r. 3, O. 92 r. 4

 For the plaintiff - Tan Bak Lee; M/s Tan Bak Lee & Co
 For the first and third defendants - M Kanesan & K Sharmila; M/s M Kanesan & Associate
 For the second defendant - G Kanarasan & Danendra Markanda Ghandi; M/s Ghandi

[2017] 1 LNS 195

ABDUL MUNIR MOHAMED NOOR v. MAHKAMAH PERUSAHAAN MALAYSIA & ANOR

ADMINISTRATIVE LAW: Judicial review - Certiorari - Application to quash decision of Industrial Court - Industrial Court affirmed dismissal was just and reasonable - Dismissal on ground of criminal misconduct - Issues raised by applicant focused on matters that transpired at domestic inquiry rather than what unfolded at hearing before Industrial Court - Whether Industrial Court appreciated that it is not bound by findings of domestic inquiry - Whether standard of proof applicable in a case involving criminal misconduct is on balance of probabilities

 For the applicant - Simon Murali; M/s Lio & Partners
 For the 2nd respondent - Jannu Babjan; Chamber of Jannu Babjan

[2017] 1 LNS 200

TELEKOM MALAYSIA BERHAD v. JERNAL SINGH BANTA SINGH & ANOR AND ANOTHER CASE

ADMINISTRATIVE LAW: Judicial review - Certiorari - Application to quash award of Industrial Court - Employee dissatisfied with quantum awarded for backwages - Industrial court awarded two months backwages and deducted 10% from amount - Employee obtained alternative employment - Whether amount awarded was reasonable

LABOUR LAW: Employment - Dismissal - Misconduct - Breach of applicable company policies - Employee forwarded e-mail containing political speech - Employee admitted to misconduct in course of domestic inquiry - Whether gravity of misconduct justified dismissal - Whether misconduct was serious enough to warrant dismissal

 For the employee - Edwin Rajasooria & Abdul Jalil Mohamad; Chambers of Edwin Rajasooria
 For the employer - Raymond TC Low & Nadia Abu Bakar; M/s Shearn Delamore & Co

[2017] 1 LNS 348

SIOW HEE LIONG & SATU LAGI lwn. PP

PROSEDUR JENAYAH: Rayuan - Rayuan terhadap sabitan - Kesalahan dibawah s. 12 Akta Antipemerdagangan Orang 2007 ('Akta 2007') - Pertuduhan memperdagangkan orang untuk maksud eksploitasi seks - Elemen 'melalui paksaan' - Sama ada intipati dibawah s. 12 Akta 2007 telah dibuktikan - Sama ada unsur paksaan telah dibuktikan - Sama ada elemen 'melalui paksaan' adalah satu keperluan bagi membuktikan kesalahan pemerdagangan orang dibawah s. 12 Akta 2007 - Sama ada kes prima facie telah dibuktikan

 Bagi pihak perayu - Ezrene Zakariah, Timbalan Pendakwa Raya; Jabatan Peguam Negara
 Bagi pihak responden-responden - Derren Kuan; T/n Tan Choon Hong & Associates

[2017] 1 LNS 482

AMBANK (M) BERHAD lwn. MOFIZ AUTOMOBILE SDN BHD & YANG LAIN

PERBANKAN: Bank dan perniagaan bank - Jaminan - Peminjam digulungkan - Pinjaman overderaf - Jaminan oleh pengarah syarikat - Penjamin menafikan pengetahuan mengenai kemudahan pinjaman yang diberikan kepada peminjam - Penjamin menafikan menandatangani sebarang perjanjian pinjaman dan kemudahan overderaf - Bukti mengenai pemalsuan tandatangan tidak dikemukakan - Dakwaan pemalsuan tandatangan dibangkitkan lewat - Sama ada dokumen kemudahan atau perjanjian jaminan perlu diakusaksi - Sama ada isu pemalsuan tandatangan adalah kesan daripada fikiran terkemudian - Sama ada penjamin adalah secara bersesama dan berasingan bertanggungjawab ke atas kesemua hutang yang perlu dibayar oleh peminjam

PROSEDUR SIVIL: Notis tuntutan - Penyerahan - Penyerahan kepada penjamin - Penyerahan secara pos - Pejabat pos mengemukakan resit pengeposan - Notis tuntutan telah diserahkan ke alamat yang dinyatakan di dalam perjanjian jaminan - Sama ada notis tuntutan dianggap sampai kepada defendan apabila peguam plaintif menghantar secara pos kepada defendan

 Bagi pihak plaintif - Noor Asiah Mohamed; T/n H S Lim & Malik
 Bagi pihak defendan Kedua - Zainal Abidin Mustaffa; T/n Zainal & Mariani

[2017] 5 LNS 47

MOHAMAD FIRDAUS MOHD ISA lwn. MOHAMAD AMIR ADLY ABDUL WAFAT & ANOR

LALULINTAS JALAN: Tuntutan - Kemalangan jalan raya - Perlanggaran diantara dua motosikal - Isu - Liabiliti - Gantirugi am dan khas - Sama ada terdapat liabiliti vikarius

 Bagi pihak plaintif - Shyama MM Narayanan Nair; T/n N Shyama & Co
 Bagi pihak defendan kedua - Hema Malini S Kolandasamy; T/n K Suganthi & Co


CLJ 2018 Volume 7 (Part 6)

COURT OF APPEAL

E & O Trading Sdn Bhd v. Americk Singh Sidhu & Ors And Another Appeal
Idrus Harun, Suraya Othman, Yeoh Wee Siam JJCA
(Civil Procedure; Land Law - Pleadings - Amendment - Whether would turn suit from one character into another character) [2018] 7 CLJ 685 [CA]

 For the appellant - David Mathews, Tina Ann Francis & C Kuhan Pillai; M/s Mathews Hun Lachimanan
 For the respondent - Tommy Thomas & Ganesan Nethi; M/s Tommy Thomas

Mohd Zamri Ismail v. Koperasi Pekebun Kecil Getah Nasional Bhd
Hamid Sultan Abu Backer, Prasad Sandosham Abraham, Asmabi Mohamad JJCA
(Labour Law; Industrial Court; Civil Procedure - Dismissal - Proportionality of punishment - Judicial review - Certiorari) [2018] 7 CLJ 702 [CA]

 For the appellant - A Sivanesan & M Kamini; M/s A Sivanesan & Co
 For the respondent - Hajjaral Aswani T Ibrahim & Dayang Nur Fathriah Munir; M/s Akmar & Co

PP v. Tiong Wee Kiet
Tengku Maimun Tuan Mat, Yaacob Md Sam, Zabariah Mohd Yusof JJCA
(Criminal Law; Criminal Procedure; Evidence - Trafficking and possession - Admissibility of information leading to fact discovered) [2018] 7 CLJ 716 [CA]

 For the appellant - Mohd Taufik Mohd; DPP
 For the respondent - Augustine Liom; M/s Tang & Co Advocs

HIGH COURT

Datuk Mohd Zaid Ibrahim v. Peguam Negara Malaysia
Hanipah Farikullah J
(Administrative Law - Judicial review - Decision of Attorney General - Whether amenable to judicial review) [2018] 7 CLJ 739 [HC]

 For the applicant - Amarjit Singh Sidhu; M/s Americk Sidhu
 For the respondent - Amarjeet Singh Serjit Singh, Awang Armadajaya, Shamsul Bolhassan & Suzana Atan; SFCs

Faizal Jumli (Jawatankuasa Estet Dan Diri Bagi Kholidsobri Jumli (Pesakit) lwn. Ainul Syaffirul Ainul Hadi & Yang Lain
Hassan Abdul Ghani PK
(Prosedur Sivil; Tort - Penghakiman persetujuan - Sama ada sah - Kecuaian - Kewajipan berjaga-jaga - Firma guaman) [2018] 7 CLJ 753 [HC]

 Bagi pihak plaintif - Kulasekar & Wan Mohamad Fairuz; T/n K Kulasekar & Assocs
 Bagi pihak defendan pertama & kedua - Ashwinder Singh; T/n Azim, Tunku Farik & Wong
 Bagi pihak defendan ketiga - Sushalina Md Suhari; T/n Shuhaidi & Co

Jiang Xin Shipping Company Ltd v. FGV Trading Sdn Bhd
Azizah Nawawi J
(Contract - Interpretation - Indemnity for liability, loss and damages sustained from release of cargo without production of original bills of lading) [2018] 7 CLJ 773 [HC]

 For the plaintiff - TS Oon & Jessica Teng; M/s TS Oon & Partners
 For the defendant - Arun Krishnalingam; M/s Sativale Mathew Arun

Ridpest Sdn Bhd v. Bug Buster Specialists Sdn Bhd & Ors
Rosnaini Saub J
(Contract - Franchise agreement - Illegality - Implied term - Breach - Liability of guarantors) [2018] 7 CLJ 787 [HC]

 For the plaintiff - Arun Kasi & Esther Ong; M/s Esther Ong Tengku Saiful & Sree
 For the 1st defendant - Valerie Chong; M/s Valerie Chong & Co
 For the 2nd & 3rd defendants - William Foo, Tan Li Min & Tan Yen Ning; M/s Foo Hiap Siong & Co

Yong Toi Mee & Anor v. Malpac Holdings Bhd & Ors (No 2)
Mohd Nazlan Ghazali J
(Civil Procedure - Execution - Judgment - Application to release payment of judgment obtained) [2018] 7 CLJ 805 [HC]

 For the plaintiffs - P Gananathan, Olivia Loh, Ng Choo Beng & Yeoh Kai Ying; M/s Ng Choo Beng R Naidu & Partners
 For the 2nd defendant - SH Leong; M/s Leong & Partners

SUBJECT INDEX

ADMINISTRATIVE LAW

Judicial review - Application for - Challenging decision of Attorney General ('AG') that no offence had been committed and instruction for Malaysian Anti-Corruption Commission ('MACC') to close files - Preliminary objections raised against judicial review application - Decision of AG to prosecute or not to prosecute under art. 145(3) of Federal Constitution - Whether amenable to judicial review - Whether there was encroachment on investigation powers of MACC under MACC Act 2009 - Whether investigation papers of MACC classified as 'secret' by operation of law - Malaysian Anti-Corruption Commission Act 2009, s. 29
Datuk Mohd Zaid Ibrahim v. Peguam Negara Malaysia
(Hanipah Farikullah J) [2018] 7 CLJ 739 [HC]

CIVIL PROCEDURE

Execution - Judgment - Application to release payment of judgment obtained - Whether there were sufficient monies in court - Whether payment ought to be made - Whether there was application for stay of proceedings - Proper exercise of right of judgment creditor - Whether court was correct forum for payment out application - Rules of Court 2012, O. 49 r. 9
Yong Toi Mee & Anor v. Malpac Holdings Bhd & Ors (No 2)
(Mohd Nazlan Ghazali J) [2018] 7 CLJ 805 [HC]

Judicial review - Certiorari - High Court quashed decision of Industrial Court - Whether there were infirmities in decision of Industrial Court - Whether Industrial Court applied wrong principles - Whether Industrial Court had taken into consideration irrelevant matters - Whether Industrial Court handed down unfair award - Whether High Court should interfere in Industrial Court's decision
Mohd Zamri Ismail v. Koperasi Pekebun Kecil Getah Nasional Bhd
(Hamid Sultan Abu Backer, Prasad Sandosham Abraham, Asmabi Mohamad JJCA) [2018] 7 CLJ 702 [CA]

Pleadings - Amendment - Land law - Dispute over annexe - Developers of units of condominium sought declaration that they had legal easement over annexe - Developers sought to amend statement of claim to propose that annexe was common property of condominium - Whether amendment of statement of claim would turn suit from one character into another character - Whether proposed amendments sustainable in law and in fact - Whether proposed amendments ought to be allowed - National Land Code, s. 287 - Strata Titles Act 1985, s. 17B
E & O Trading Sdn Bhd v. Americk Singh Sidhu & Ors And Another Appeal
(Idrus Harun, Suraya Othman, Yeoh Wee Siam JJCA) [2018] 7 CLJ 685 [CA]

CONTRACT

Agreement - Franchise agreement - Breach - Allegation of - Whether franchisee acted in breach of contract - Prohibition of carrying out business in competition with franchisor for period of two years - Whether franchisee continued with same business under another company name - Whether franchisee committed act of passing off or infringement of franchisor's brand - Franchise Act 1998, s. 27(1)
Ridpest Sdn Bhd v. Bug Buster Specialists Sdn Bhd & Ors
(Rosnaini Saub J) [2018] 7 CLJ 787 [HC]

Agreement - Franchise agreement - Counterclaim by franchisee - Whether franchise agreement valid and enforceable - Whether franchise agreement wrongfully terminated - Whether franchisee could rely on s. 34(3) of Franchise Act 1998 to insist on franchisor renewing franchise agreement based on favourable terms and conditions - Whether franchisee's counterclaim ought to be dismissed
Ridpest Sdn Bhd v. Bug Buster Specialists Sdn Bhd & Ors
(Rosnaini Saub J) [2018] 7 CLJ 787 [HC]

Agreement - Franchise agreement - Illegality - Collection of royalty fee and marketing fund - Whether franchisor could allow agent to collect royalty fee and marketing fund from franchisee - Whether marketing fund misused by franchisor - Whether allegations against franchisor baseless - Whether franchisor's claim for arrears in royalty and marketing fund allowed - Whether issue of illegality raised by franchisees an afterthought - Franchise Act 1998, ss. 6 & 22
Ridpest Sdn Bhd v. Bug Buster Specialists Sdn Bhd & Ors
(Rosnaini Saub J) [2018] 7 CLJ 787 [HC]

Agreement - Franchise agreement - Implied term - Whether agreement silent on franchisor's entitlement to take over service contracts between franchisee and end-customers - Whether an implied term in contract - Whether such a term ought to have been expressly inserted into agreement - Service contracts entered into between franchisee and end-customers - Whether franchisor privy to such contract - Franchisee collected full payment from end-customers - Whether franchisor ought to be reimbursed by franchisee - Whether franchisor entitled to make claim for advanced payment for undone and outstanding services
Ridpest Sdn Bhd v. Bug Buster Specialists Sdn Bhd & Ors
(Rosnaini Saub J) [2018] 7 CLJ 787 [HC]

Agreement - Franchise agreement - Liability - Guarantors - Whether guarantors for franchisee liable to pay franchisor arrears of royalty fee and marketing fund
Ridpest Sdn Bhd v. Bug Buster Specialists Sdn Bhd & Ors
(Rosnaini Saub J) [2018] 7 CLJ 787 [HC]

Interpretation - Intention - Charter party for carriage - Indemnity for liability, loss and damages sustained from release of cargo without production of original bills of lading - Intention of contracting parties - Whether there was mistake in name of place where cargo was intended to be sent to - Whether mistake bona fide - Whether supported by witnesses and documentary evidence
Jiang Xin Shipping Company Ltd v. FGV Trading Sdn Bhd
(Azizah Nawawi J) [2018] 7 CLJ 773 [HC]

CRIMINAL LAW

Dangerous Drugs Act 1952 - Trafficking and possession - Exclusive possession, custody and control of drugs - Whether room where drugs found was accessible to others - Whether prosecution established exclusive possession - Whether drugs discovered as a result of information given by accused - Whether police had prior information - Whether defeated application of s. 27 of Evidence Act 1950
PP v. Tiong Wee Kiet
(Tengku Maimun Tuan Mat, Yaacob Md Sam, Zabariah Mohd Yusof JJCA) [2018] 7 CLJ 716 [CA]

CRIMINAL PROCEDURE

Appeal - Appeal against acquittal and discharge - Offence of trafficking and possession - Whether accused had custody and control of drugs - Whether prosecution established exclusive possession - Whether drugs discovered as a result of information given by accused - Whether police had prior information - Whether defeated application of s. 27 of Evidence Act 1950 - Whether acquittal and discharge affirmed
PP v. Tiong Wee Kiet
(Tengku Maimun Tuan Mat, Yaacob Md Sam, Zabariah Mohd Yusof JJCA) [2018] 7 CLJ 716 [CA]

EVIDENCE

Admissibility - Information leading to fact discovered - Caution - Whether caution under s. 37A(1)(b) of Dangerous Drugs Act 1952 administered and explained to accused - Whether any subsequent acts or statements which led to discovery of drugs admissible in evidence - Whether police had prior knowledge and information on whereabout of drugs - Whether prior information defeated application of s. 27 of Evidence Act 1950
PP v. Tiong Wee Kiet
(Tengku Maimun Tuan Mat, Yaacob Md Sam, Zabariah Mohd Yusof JJCA) [2018] 7 CLJ 716 [CA]

INDUSTRIAL COURT

Award - Proportionality of punishment - Employee failed to act upon certain letter causing employer to suffer losses - Employee terminated from employment - Industrial Court found that employee was dismissed without just cause and excuse and punishment of dismissal was too harsh - Whether punishment of dismissal too harsh - Whether Industrial Court could apply doctrine of proportionality of punishment to ascertain award - Industrial Relations Act 1967, s. 20(3)
Mohd Zamri Ismail v. Koperasi Pekebun Kecil Getah Nasional Bhd
(Hamid Sultan Abu Backer, Prasad Sandosham Abraham, Asmabi Mohamad JJCA) [2018] 7 CLJ 702 [CA]

LABOUR LAW

Employment - Dismissal - Employee failed to act upon certain letter, causing employer to suffer losses - Employee terminated from employment - Industrial Court found that employee was dismissed without just cause and excuse and punishment of dismissal was too harsh - Whether punishment of dismissal too harsh - Whether Industrial Court could apply doctrine of proportionality of punishment to ascertain award - Industrial Relations Act 1967, s. 20(3)
Mohd Zamri Ismail v. Koperasi Pekebun Kecil Getah Nasional Bhd
(Hamid Sultan Abu Backer, Prasad Sandosham Abraham, Asmabi Mohamad JJCA) [2018] 7 CLJ 702 [CA]

LAND LAW

Development - Common property - Allegations of - Dispute over annexe - Developer claimed that annexe was common property of condominium - Whether stated in sale agreements and deed of mutual covenants between parties - Whether developer could seek to go beyond or resile from terms and covenants which they consented and agreed to - Whether annexe formed part of development area - National Land Code, s. 287 - Strata Titles Act 1985, s. 17B
E & O Trading Sdn Bhd v. Americk Singh Sidhu & Ors And Another Appeal
(Idrus Harun, Suraya Othman, Yeoh Wee Siam JJCA) [2018] 7 CLJ 685 [CA]

INDEKS PERKARA

PROSEDUR SIVIL

Penghakiman dan perintah - Penghakiman persetujuan - Permohonan deklarasi bahawa penghakiman persetujuan tidak sah dan terbatal - Penghakiman persetujuan dimeterai atas persetujuan bapa pesakit - Sama ada pesakit mempunyai kapasiti untuk bertindak bagi diri sendiri - Sama ada pesakit mengalami kecelaruan mental - Sama ada keadaan pesakit terangkum bawah s. 11 Akta Kontrak 1950 atau A. 76 Kaedah-Kaedah Mahkamah 2012 - Sama ada penghakiman persetujuan sah - Sama ada mahkamah functus officio - Sama ada ganti rugi yang diterima bawah penghakiman persetujuan adalah munasabah dan berpatutan
Faizal Jumli (Jawatankuasa Estet Dan Diri Bagi Kholidsobri Jumli (Pesakit) lwn. Ainul Syaffirul Ainul Hadi & Yang Lain
(Hassan Abdul Ghani PK) [2018] 7 CLJ 753 [HC]

TORT

Kecuaian - Kewajipan berjaga-jaga - Firma guaman memeterai penghakiman persetujuan bagi pihak pesakit atas persetujuan bapa pesakit - Sama ada pesakit mempunyai kapasiti untuk bertindak bagi diri sendiri - Sama ada pesakit mengalami kecelaruan mental - Sama ada award yang direkodkan dan dimeterai penghakiman persetujuan munasabah dan berpatutan - Sama ada firma guaman mematuhi kewajipan berjaga-jaga - Sama ada penghakiman persetujuan sah dan mengikat pihak-pihak
Faizal Jumli (Jawatankuasa Estet Dan Diri Bagi Kholidsobri Jumli (Pesakit) lwn. Ainul Syaffirul Ainul Hadi & Yang Lain
(Hassan Abdul Ghani PK) [2018] 7 CLJ 753 [HC]


ARTICLES

LNS Article(s)

  1. Pardon, Parole, and Remission: The Inmates' Second Chance* [Read excerpt]
    Fauziah Hani binti Ahmad Fuzi[i] Abdul Rani bin Kamarudin[ii] Muhammad 'Azzam bin Zainal Abidin[iii] [2018] 1 LNS(A) lxxi

  2. [2018] 1 LNS(A) lxxi
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    MALAYSIA

    Pardon, Parole, and Remission: The Inmates' Second Chance*

    Fauziah Hani binti Ahmad Fuzi[i]
    Abdul Rani bin Kamarudin[ii]
    Muhammad 'Azzam bin Zainal Abidin[iii]

    ABSTRACT

    For convicted offenders who were not given admonition, fine or bond of good behaviour, they would inevitably end up in prison. Spending time behind iron bars is characterized by rigid disciplines, provision of bare necessities, strict security arrangement, and a monotonous routine life. Despite the Prison Department having rehabilitative programs designed to reform the prisoners from a criminal to a honest life; hence reducing his propensity to commit crimes, the fact is that an imprisonment sentence, especially for a long period, invites other problems too such as prison overcrowding, criminogenic exposure, and unnecessary spending of public funds for the expenditure of the criminals. Thus, to solve these problems and to promote good behaviour of the prisoners while in custody, the authorities introduced the Pardon, Parole, and Remission Systems. These systems aim at giving the prisoners a second chance in the sense that the inmates can have their incarceration period significantly shortened. The objectives and effects of these systems are about the same i.e. to maintain the offenders' relationship with their families and community as an agent of reform, to reduce the problem of prison overcrowding, and to save public funds. However, the Pardon, Parole, and Remission Systems are relatively not understood by the public i.e. on how they interchangeably function as they are rarely publicised.

    . . .

    * Updated from a conference paper presented at International Conference on Law and Society (ICLAS) 2018, Kota Kinabalu Sabah, on 11-13 April 2018.

    [i] Deputy Registrar, Court of Appeal, Malaysia and also PhD Student in Ahmad Ibrahim Kuliyyah of Laws, International Islamic University Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur.

    [ii] Associate Professor, Ahmad Ibrahim Kulliyyah of Laws, International Islamic University Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur.

    [iii] Deputy Registrar, Court of Appeal, Malaysia.


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  3. PLEADINGS: AMENDING IT WITH LEAVE OF COURT; IS IT TOO LATE? [Read excerpt]
    Saravanan Meyappan* [2018] 1 LNS(A) lxxvii

  4. [2018] 1 LNS(A) lxxvii
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    MALAYSIA

    PLEADINGS: AMENDING IT WITH LEAVE OF COURT; IS IT TOO LATE?

    Saravanan Meyappan*

    PREFATORY

    As crucial as a heart to the functioning of a human body, likewise are pleadings to civil litigation. The strength and weakness of a civil case is entirely dependent upon the pleadings drafted by lawyers and brought before the court for adjudication. It is from the pleadings that a case progresses until the end and also in the appellate stage. Generally, pleadings are made up from statement of claim, statement of defence, counterclaim and reply to the statement of defence and/or counterclaim, rejoinder, surrejoinder, rebutter and surrebutter. In essence, pleadings discloses the narrative of the case, cause of action in law, evidences that shall be adduced and portrayal of drafting skills by the lawyers. Before the court of law, parties must therefore articulate their case within the confined walls of the pleading as they chose to present their pleading in such fashion, be it exquisitely brief or prolixly hideous. However, the law in its benign nature has provided avenues for amendments to take place for the pleadings to be improved and/or changed after the pleadings are closed and leave of court is necessitated. This paper is an endeavour to deliberate the requirements of law in terms of amending the pleadings with leave of court and its sophistication.

    . . .

    * LL.B (Hons), National University of Malaysia (UKM), Senior Assistant Registrar of Kuala Lumpur High Court & Accredited Mediator. The views and opinions expressed in this writing are those of the writer personally.


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  5. Islamic REITs: Implications of Recent Regulatory Changes* [Read excerpt]
    Megat Hizaini Hassan** Nurul Husna Ahmad*** [2018] 1 LNS(A) lxxv

  6. [2018] 1 LNS(A) lxxv
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    MALAYSIA

    Islamic REITs: Implications of Recent Regulatory Changes*

    Megat Hizaini Hassan**
    Nurul Husna Ahmad***

    An Islamic real estate investment trust ("REIT") was previously governed by the provisions of the Securities Commission Malaysia's Guidelines on Real Estate Investment Trusts,[1] read together with the Guidelines for Islamic Real Estate Investments Trusts[2] (collectively, "Previous Guidelines").

    The Previous Guidelines have since been superseded by the revised Guidelines on Real Estate Investment Trusts ("Revised Guidelines") in relation to an unlisted REIT,[3] and the Guidelines on Listed Real Estate Investment Trusts ("Listed REIT Guidelines") in relation to a listed REIT.[4]

    . . .

    * This article is reproduced, with permission, from the Legal Herald (June 2018), a publication by Lee Hishammuddin Allen & Gledhill, Advocates & Solicitors, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.

    ** Partner (mh@lh-ag.com), who heads the Islamic Finance Practice team and is the resident authority on Islamic finance in the Corporate Department, covers a wide range of structures, including Murabahah and Ijarah transactions. He advises on issues pertaining to the legal and regulatory framework, as well as matters relating to applicable Shariah standards for Islamic financial or investment transactions.

    *** (nha@lh-ag.com) is an associate with the Corporate Department and is part of the Islamic Finance Practice team headed by Megat Hizaini Hassan.


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  7. PENGEMUKAAN KETERANGAN WATAK BURUK MENERUSI PENGECUALIAN COMMON LAW DI MALAYSIA [Read excerpt]
    Ramalinggam Rajamanickam[i] Teh Kok Ann[ii] Ahmad Huzaifah Haris[iii] Adlin Noramal Mohamed[iv] Nurul Fatihah Ishak[v] Balqis Mohd Nor[vi] [2018] 1 LNS(A) lxxvi

  8. [2018] 1 LNS(A) lxxvi
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    MALAYSIA

    PENGEMUKAAN KETERANGAN WATAK BURUK MENERUSI PENGECUALIAN COMMON LAW DI MALAYSIA

    Ramalinggam Rajamanickam[i]
    Teh Kok Ann[ii]
    Ahmad Huzaifah Haris[iii]
    Adlin Noramal Mohamed[iv]
    Nurul Fatihah Ishak[v]
    Balqis Mohd Nor[vi]

    ABSTRAK

    Dalam kes-kes jenayah, keterangan yang menunjukkan watak baik tertuduh boleh dikemukakan sebagai keterangan yang relevan di mahkamah. Sungguhpun begitu, keterangan yang menunjukkan watak buruk tertuduh tidak boleh dikemukakan sewenang-wenangnya. Pada amnya, keterangan yang menunjukkan watak buruk seseorang tertuduh adalah tidak relevan dan tidak boleh diterima sebagai keterangan oleh mahkamah. Prinsip ini jelas diperuntukkan dalam seksyen 54(1) Akta Keterangan 1950. Walau bagaimanapun, prinsip am ini mempunyai pengecualiannya. Akta Keterangan 1950 telah menetapkan beberapa pengecualian menerusi seksyen 54, iaitu pengecualian dalam subseksyen (1); subseksyen (2) (a), (b) dan (c); serta huraian 1 seksyen 54 Akta Keterangan 1950. Selain itu, keterangan watak buruk turut boleh dikemukakan menerusi pengecualian common law.

    . . .

    [i] Pensyarah Kanan, Fakulti Undang-undang, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia (UKM). E-mel: rama@ukm.edu.my

    [ii] Pelajar Prasiswazah, Fakulti Undang-undang, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia (UKM). E-mel: kokannteh@gmail.com

    [iii] Pelajar Prasiswazah, Fakulti Undang-undang, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia (UKM). E-mel: huzaifahmrsmps@gmail.com

    [iv] Pelajar Prasiswazah, Fakulti Undang-undang, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia (UKM). E-mel: adlinmohamed95@gmail.com

    [v] Pelajar Prasiswazah, Fakulti Undang-undang, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia (UKM). E-mel: f.nurul.ishak@gmail.com

    [vi] Pelajar Prasiswazah, Fakulti Undang-undang, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia (UKM). E-mel: balqis6395@gmail.com


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CLJ Article(s)

  1. HARMONY IN DISHARMONY: A STUDY ON JUDICIAL TREATMENT IN MALAYSIAN CASES OF CONFLICT PERTAINING TO METHODS/MODES OF DISPUTE RESOLUTION [Read excerpt]
    Edward Kuruvilla* [2018] 7 ILR(A) xxi

  2. [2018] 7 ILR(A) xxi
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    MALAYSIA

    HARMONY IN DISHARMONY: A STUDY ON JUDICIAL TREATMENT IN MALAYSIAN CASES
    OF CONFLICT PERTAINING TO METHODS/MODES OF DISPUTE RESOLUTION


    Edward Kuruvilla*

    Abstract

    Following the introduction of the Arbitration Act 2005, there have been a host of cases that have considered the relationship between the arbitration clause and the exclusive jurisdiction clause in a said agreement, or a series of agreements. This paper considers in detail the main authorities on the subject and explores how the courts have dealt with this point in question, as well as the rationale behind these decisions.

    Although both, the Federal Court and the Court of Appeal may have, following the decisions in Boccard Oil & Gas Sdn Bhd v. TNB Engineering and Consultancy Sdn Bhd & Anor [2009] 2 CLJ 583 and Lembaga Pelabuhan Kelang v. Kuala Dimensi Sdn Bhd & Another Appeal [2010] 9 CLJ 532, provided a relatively bleak outlook in the Malaysian arbitration industry insofar as it concerned the interpretation of arbitration clauses and exclusive jurisdiction clauses, the trend of judicial treatment by the courts of Malaysia in numerous subsequent cases seem to indicate a preference for a "harmonious approach", so as to ensure both clauses are given effect, where it is possible to do so.

    . . .

    * Advocate & Solicitor of the High Court of Malaya.


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LEGISLATION HIGHLIGHTS

Principal Acts

Number Title In force from Repealing
ACT 804 Dental Act 2018 Not Yet In Force -
ACT 803 Anti-Fake News Act 2018 11 April 2018 [PU(B) 174/2018] -
ACT 802 Private Aged Healthcare Facilities and Services Act 2018 Not Yet In Force -
ACT 801 Finance (No. 2) Act 2017 As provided in the Act except s 20 - 23; 1 January 2018 [PU(B) 610/2017] - s 20, 21 and 23; 1 October 2018 [PU(B) 610/2017] - s 22 -
ACT 800 Employment Insurance System Act 2017 1 January 2018 [PU(B) 606/2017] -

Amending Acts

Number Title In force from Principal/Amending Act No
ACT A1570 Sports Development (Amendment) Act 2018 Not Yet In Force ACT 576
ACT A1569 Arbitration (Amendment) (No. 2) Act 2018 8 May 2018 [PU(B) 265/2018] ACT 646
ACT A1568 Fire Services (Amendment) Act 2018 Not Yet In Force ACT 341
ACT A1567 Malaysian Anti-Corruption Commission (Amendment) Act 2018 Not Yet In Force ACT 694
ACT A1566 Limitation (Amendment) Act 2018 Not Yet In Force ACT 254

PU(A)

Number Title Date of Publication In force from Principal/ Amending Act No
PU(A) 197/2018 Medical (Amendment of Second Schedule) (No. 3) Order 2018 20 August 2018 21 August 2018 ACT 50
PU(A) 196/2018 Federal Roads (West Malaysia) (Amendment) (No. 8) Order 2018 17 August 2018 20 August 2018 PU(A) 401/1989
PU(A) 195/2018 Price Control and Anti-Profiteering (Determination of Maximum Retail Price For Petrol and Diesel) (No. 23) Order 2018 15 August 2018 16 August 2018 ACT 723
PU(A) 194/2018 Federal Roads (Felda Scheme) (Amendment) (No. 2) Order 2018 15 August 2018 16 August 2018 PU(A) 449/1991
PU(A) 193/2018 Federal Roads (West Malaysia) (Amendment) (No. 7) Order 2018 14 August 2018 15 August 2018 PU(A) 401/1989

PU(B)

Number Title Date of Publication In force from Principal/ Amending Act No
PU(B) 502/2018 Notice Regarding The Certification and Inspection of The Supplementary Electoral Roll For The Second Quarter of The Year 2018 21 August 2018 22 August 2018 PU(A) 293/2002
PU(B) 501/2018 Appointment Under Section 19 21 August 2018 3 September 2018 ACT 91
PU(B) 500/2018 Notice of Public Auction Under Paragraph 34(2)(b) 21 August 2018 22 August 2018 PU(A) 321/1991
PU(B) 499/2018 Notice of Contested Election By-Election of The State Legislative Assembly of N.32 Seri Setia For The State of Selangor 20 August 2018 21 August 2018 PU(A) 386/1981
PU(B) 498/2018 Notice of Contested Election By-Election of The State Legislative Assembly of N.27 Balakong For The State of Selangor 20 August 2018 21 August 2018 PU(A) 386/1981

Legislation Alert

Updated

Act/Principal No. Title Amended by In force from Section amended
ACT 50 Medical Act 1971 PU(A) 197/2018 21 August 2018 Second Schedule
PU(A) 449/1991 Federal Roads (Felda Scheme) Order 1991 PU(A) 194/2018 16 August 2018 Schedule
LN 177/1959 Public Service Vehicles (Licensing and Conduct of Drivers, Conductors and Passengers) Rules 1959 PU(A) 162/2018 12 July 2018 Rules 2, 3C, 15A and 15B
PU(A) 43/2007 Universiti Teknikal Malaysia Melaka (Incorporation) Order 2007 PU(A) 191/2018 1 February 2007 Paragraph 2
ACT 51 Dental Act 1971 PU(A) 184/2018 3 August 2018 Second Schedule

Revoked

Act/Principal No. Title Revoked by In force from
PU(A) 461/1997 Fees (National Planetarium) Order 1997 PU(A) 177/2018 30 July 2018
PU(A) 349/2016 Price Control and Anti-Profiteering (Mechanism to Determine Unreasonably High Profit For Goods) Regulations 2016 PU(A) 130/2018 6 June 2018
PU(A) 184/2013 Ministers of the Federal Government (No. 2) Order 2013 PU(A) 125/2018 10 May 2018
PU(A) 187/2014 Goods and Services Tax (Imposition of Tax For Supplies in Respect of Designated Areas) Order 2014 PU(A) 123/2018 1 June 2018
PU(A) 185/2014 Goods and Services Tax (Application to Government) Order 2014 PU(A) 122/2018 1 June 2018