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Issue #33/2018
16 August 2018

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New This Week

  1. Case(s) of the Week

    1. HASSAN MARSOM & ORS v. MOHD HADY YA'AKOP [2018] 7 CLJ 403

    2. NURUL IZZAH ANWAR v. TAN SRI KHALID ABU BAKAR & ANOR [2018] 7 CLJ 622

  2. Appeal Update

    1. Appeal Update

  3. Latest Cases

    1. Legal Network Series

    2. CLJ 2018 Volume 7 (Part 4)

    3. CLJ 2018 Volume 7 (Part 5)

  4. Articles

    1. LNS Article(s)

  5. Legislation Highlights

    1. Principal Acts

    2. Amending Acts

    3. PU(A)

    4. PU(B)

    5. Legislation Alert

CASE(S) OF THE WEEK

HASSAN MARSOM & ORS v. MOHD HADY YA'AKOP [2018] 7 CLJ 403
FEDERAL COURT, PUTRAJAYA
RICHARD MALANJUM CJ (SABAH & SARAWAK), HASAN LAH FCJ, BALIA YUSOF WAHI FCJ, AZIAH ALI FCJ, JEFFREY TAN FCJ
[CIVIL APPEAL NO: 01(f)-27-09-2016(M)]
07 JUNE 2018

TORT: False imprisonment – Unlawful detention by police – Claimant blindfolded, stripped and assaulted by police during interrogation – Claimant detained following remand order issued by Magistrate – Claim for damages – Whether arrest lawful – Whether detention under remand orders valid – Whether remand order properly issued by Magistrate – Whether remand order may be challenged by collateral proceeding – Protection afforded under s. 32 of Police Act 1967 – Whether damages awarded appropriate – Criminal Procedure Code, ss. 117 & 119

CONSTITUTIONAL LAW: Fundamental liberties – Right to life and liberty – Claimant blindfolded, stripped and assaulted by police during interrogation – Claimant detained following remand order issued by Magistrate – Whether arrest lawful – Whether detention under remand orders valid – Whether detention lawful – Whether in breach of claimant’s constitutional right – Federal Constitution, art. 5


NURUL IZZAH ANWAR v. TAN SRI KHALID ABU BAKAR & ANOR [2018] 7 CLJ 622
HIGH COURT MALAYA, KUALA LUMPUR
FAIZAH JAMALUDIN JC
[CIVIL SUIT NO: 23NCVC-88-11-2015]
18 APRIL 2018

TORT: Defamation – Libel – Statements made by Inspector General of Police and Minister of Rural and Regional Development (defendants) at press conferences – Whether defamatory of complainant – Whether impugned statements exposed complainant to hatred, ridicule and contempt – Statements not made by ordinary men but authoritative figures holding top positions in country – Whether reasonable for ordinary men hearing or reading statements to infer they spoke with authority, truth or knowledge – Whether statements made in occasion of privilege – Whether defence of qualified privilege applicable – Whether privileges defeated by presence of express malice – Failure to particularise which words in respective statements were comments and facts – Whether defendants succeeded in proving statements were fair comments – Damages – Factors considered – Seriousness of libel and impact on complainant’s reputation

TORT: Defamation – Libel – Qualified privilege – Defence of – Statements made by Inspector General of Police and Minister of Rural and Regional Development at press conferences – Whether defamatory of complainant – Whether impugned statements exposed complainant to hatred, ridicule and contempt – Whether statements made in occasion of privilege – Whether defence of qualified privilege applicable – Whether privileges defeated by presence of express malice – Damages – Factors considered – Whether impugned statements serious libel made against Member of Parliament

TORT: Defamation – Libel – Fair comment – Defence of – Statements made by Inspector General of Police and Minister of Rural and Regional Development at press conferences – Whether defamatory of complainant – Whether impugned statements exposed plaintiff to hatred, ridicule and contempt – Failure to particularise which words in respective statements were comments and facts – Whether defendants succeeded in proving statements were fair comments – Damages – Factors considered


APPEAL UPDATE  
  1. Jallow Cherno v. PP [2018] 1 LNS 594 (CA) affirming the High Court case of PP v. Jallow Cherno (W/NIGERIA) [2016] 1 LNS 363

  2. Murugan Manoharan v. PP [2017] 1 LNS 1728 (CA) affirming the High Court case of PP v. Murugan Manoharan [Criminal Trial No.: TWU - 45A - 13/11- 2013]

LATEST CASES

Legal Network Series

[2016] 1 LNS 902

LOGESWARAN SUBRAMANIAM lwn. PP

PROSEDUR JENAYAH: Pertuduhan - Pembetulan - Pembetulan pertuduhan di peringkat rayuan - Tertuduh diprejudiskan atas pertuduhan yang salah - Sama ada pihak pendakwaan boleh membetulkan pertuduhan melalui s. 422 Kanun Tatacara Jenayah di peringkat rayuan

UNDANG-UNDANG JENAYAH: Rogol - Seksyen 376 & 511 Kanun Keseksaan - Ketiadaan keterangan sokongan - Mangsa sempat melarikan diri - Percubaan untuk penetrasi terhalang - Sama ada penetrasi perlu dibuktikan dalam menyabitkan tertuduh atas pertuduhan rogol - Sama ada pertuduhan adalah salah dan defektif serta telah memprejudiskan tertuduh - Sama ada tertuduh wajar dilepaskan dan dibebaskan daripada pertuduhan di bawah s. 376 & 511 Kanun Keseksaan

 Bagi pihak perayu - R Bala Murali
 Bagi pihak pendakwaan - Rahimah Abd Majid (TPR)

[2016] 1 LNS 1186

UNITED OVERSEAS BANK (MALAYSIA) BHD v. VORTEX DEW (M) SDN BHD & ORS

CIVIL PROCEDURE: Setting aside - Default judgment - Delay in application - Delay of 8 days - Delay due to Chinese new year - Whether reason provided for delay was acceptable - Whether service of cause papers were properly effected - Rules of Court 2012, O. 13 r. 8 & O. 42 r. 13

CONTRACT: Guarantee - Discharge of guarantor's liability - Variation of agreement between principal debtor and bank - Whether variation to agreement and indulgences granted by bank to principal debtor discharged guarantor from liability under ss. 86 & 88 of Contracts Act 1950 - Whether guarantor could call on ss. 92, 94 of Contracts Act 1950 to his aid

 For the plaintiff - Mark La Brooy & Hew Sheau Ying; M/s Raja, Darryl & Loh
 For the 3rd defendant - Arun Kasi & Daryl Tan; M/s Esther Ong Tengku Saiful & Sree

[2016] 1 LNS 1194

TETUAN SARBJIT & CO v. KUMPULAN BUMIKLAS SDN BHD; FANG MENG KONG (APPLICANT)

COMPANY LAW: Winding up - Leave to initiate action against company in liquidation - Claim premised upon a purported scheme of arrangement not yet sanctioned by court - Whether claim could be adequately dealt with by the winding up court - Whether a prima facie case has been established - Whether there was a real dispute between parties premised on a scheme - Whether proposed cause of action was premised on a valid scheme - Companies Act 1965, s. 226(3)

COMPANY LAW: Scheme of arrangement - Approval by court - Effect of court sanctioned scheme of arrangement - Whether only scheme of arrangement which has been sanctioned by court is binding on all creditors and purchasers - Whether court sanctioned scheme of arrangement is binding upon a non-participating purchaser - Companies Act 1965, s. 176

 For the applicant - Parminder Kaur; M/s Amritpal Singh
 For the respondent/liquidator - Erick Tan and Emily Wong; M/s Ong Kok & Co

[2017] 1 LNS 188

TENAGA NASIONAL BHD v. NATIONGATE TECHNOLOGY (M) SDN BHD

CIVIL PROCEDURE: Striking out - Writ and statement of claim - Action re-filed after earlier suit withdrawn - Rules of pleadings - Action to recover for unrecorded, undercharged, and back billing of consumption of electricity - Precise mathematical formulae and supporting data not pleaded in statement of claim - Whether there was prima facie justification for defendant to strike out writ and statement of claim - Whether pleading could be saved by an appropriate amendment to particularise plaintiff's claim

 For the plaintiff - One Ee Wen; M/s Lim Huck Aik & Co
 For the defendant - John Khoo Boo Lai & Syed Alfiq Syed Amran; M/s Ismail, Khoo & Associates

[2017] 1 LNS 462

W JURIYAH W SIDIK & SATU LAGI lwn. VIPHARD SENG BOON

GANTIRUGI: Gantirugi khas - Kehilangan pendapatan - Kehilangan pendapatan akibat kemalangan jalan raya - Kehilangan pendapatan hanya bersandarkan kepada keterangan lisan sahaja - Dakwaan bayaran upah dibuat secara tunai tanpa rekod - Laporan perubatan menyatakan plaintif bekerja sendiri - Sama ada ketiadaan apa-apa dokumen daripada majikan menimbulkan keraguan berkenaan status pekerjaan plaintif - Sama ada kehilangan pendapatan perlu dibuktikan

GANTIRUGI: Rayuan - Awad - Kecederaan kepala - Hakim bicara memberikan awad sebanyak RM280,000 - Sama ada awad yang diberikan oleh hakim bicara adalah berlandaskan prinsip undang-undang dan trend semasa

 Bagi pihak perayu-perayu - Noor Asikin Ideris; T/n VP Nathan & Partners
 Bagi pihak responden - Devandran; T/n Devandran & Co

[2017] 5 LNS 46

ABDUL RAZAK BAZHEER AHAMED & ANOR lwn. NG KUANG YEW & ANOR

LALULINTAS JALAN: Tuntutan - Kemalangan motosikal dan kereta - Memasuki laluan bertentangan - Isu - Liabiliti dan kuantum - Gantirugi am dan khas

 Bagi pihak plaintif - M/s K Suganthi & Co
 Bagi pihak defenden - M/s Ajmer Sandhu & Ong


CLJ 2018 Volume 7 (Part 4)

FEDERAL COURT

Hassan Marsom & Ors v. Mohd Hady Ya'akop
Richard Malanjum CJ (Sabah & Sarawak), Hasan Lah, Balia Yusof Wahi, Aziah Ali, Jeffrey Tan FCJJ
(Tort; Constitutional Law - False imprisonment - Unlawful detention by police - Constitutional right) [2018] 7 CLJ 403 [FC]

 For the appellants - Kamal Azira Hassan & Zureen Elina Mohd Dom; SFCs
 For the respondent - J Amardas & Terence Chan Yoong Tian; M/s KP Ng & Amardas
 Amicus Curiae - Salim Bashir; Bar Council Malaysia

COURT OF APPEAL

Director Of Forest Sarawak & Ors v. Nicholas Mujah Ason & Ors
Balia Yusof Wahi, Tengku Maimun Tuan Mat, Varghese George JJCA
(Land Law - Claim for native customary right over area of land - Whether there was encroachment and trespass) [2018] 7 CLJ 460 [CA]

 For the appellants - Mohd Adzrul Adzlan; State Legal Counsel, Sarawak
 For the respondents - Baru Bian, Simon Siah SY Jen & Chua Kuan Ching; M/s Baru Bian, Advocs

Kanawagi Seperumaniam v. PP
Mohd Zawawi Salleh, Ahmadi Asnawi, Hasnah Mohammed Hashim JJCA
(Criminal Procedure - Charge - Setting aside - Perjury) [2018] 7 CLJ 475 [CA]

 For the appellant - Manjeet Singh Dillon; M/s Melissa Ram
 For the respondent - Fatnin Yusof; DPP

HIGH COURT

Flextronics Shah Alam Sdn Bhd v. Ketua Pengarah Hasil Dalam Negeri
Vazeer Alam Mydin Meera J
(Civil Procedure; Revenue Law - Income tax - Additional assessment - Judicial review to quash notices of additional assessment) [2018] 7 CLJ 487 [HC]

 Counsel (information not available)

PP v. Sopian Othman & Anor And Another Case
SM Komathy JC
(Criminal Law; Evidence - Dangerous drugs - Trafficking - Whether there was break in chain of evidence) [2018] 7 CLJ 501 [HC]

 For the 1st accused - Ghazali Taib; M/s Noor Jihan, Ghazali & Co
 For the 2nd accused - Geethan Ram Vincent & Lavanyia Raja; M/s Geethan Ram
 For the prosecution - Farah Wahida Mad Nor; DPP

PP v. Suahaili Hassan & Anor
Alwi Abdul Wahab JC
(Criminal Law; Criminal Procedure - Offence of smuggling illegal immigrants - Whether court must consider geographical boundaries) [2018] 7 CLJ 511 [HC]

 For the prosecution - Khairunnizam Mohd Ideris; DPP
 For the accused - Kamarudin Mohmad Chinki & Ram Singh; M/s Chang & Kamarudin

Transmission Technology Sdn Bhd v. PESB Engineering Sdn Bhd & Another Case
Mohd Ivan Hussein JC
(Construction Law - Adjudication - Setting aside - Whether adjudicator acted in excess of jurisdiction) [2018] 7 CLJ 516 [HC]

 For the appellant - M/s Amrit & Co
 For the respondent - M/s Azman Davidson & Co

Yee Thian Futt & Ors v. Liew San Kian & Ors
Stephen Chung J
(Tort - Negligence - Explosion and fire caused damage to adjacent building - Whether due to negligence) [2018] 7 CLJ 526 [HC]

 For the plaintiffs - Alvin Yong & Shirleen Ong; M/s Alvin Yong Advocs
 For the defendants - KC Wong; M/s KC Wong & Assocs

SUBJECT INDEX

CIVIL PROCEDURE

Judicial review - Application for - Revenue law - Applicant sought order to quash notices of additional assessment - Whether notices of additional assessment valid - Whether commission payments deductible - Power to make transfer pricing adjustments - Whether there was provision for domestic remedy to address applicant's complaints - Whether applicant exhausted statutory appeal mechanism - Whether leave for judicial review ought to be granted - Rules of Court 2012, O. 53 r. 3(1)
Flextronics Shah Alam Sdn Bhd v. Ketua Pengarah Hasil Dalam Negeri
(Vazeer Alam Mydin Meera J) [2018] 7 CLJ 487 [HC]

CONSTITUTIONAL LAW

Fundamental liberties - Right to life and liberty - Claimant blindfolded, stripped and assaulted by police during interrogation - Claimant detained following remand order issued by Magistrate - Whether arrest lawful - Whether detention under remand orders valid - Whether detention lawful - Whether in breach of claimant's constitutional right - Federal Constitution, art. 5
Hassan Marsom & Ors v. Mohd Hady Ya'akop
(Richard Malanjum CJ (Sabah & Sarawak), Hasan Lah, Balia Yusof Wahi, Aziah Ali, Jeffrey Tan FCJJ) [2018] 7 CLJ 460 [CA]

CONSTRUCTION LAW

Adjudication - Setting aside - Grounds - Whether adjudicator acted in excess of jurisdiction - Whether there was denial of justice - Whether payment claims were in respect of works under same project - Whether plaintiff showed denial of opportunity to be heard - Whether plaintiff allowed to render written response to adjudication response - Whether matters raised within scope of s. 15 of Construction Industry Payment and Adjudication Act 2012
Transmission Technology Sdn Bhd v. PESB Engineering Sdn Bhd & Another Case
(Mohd Ivan Hussein JC) [2018] 7 CLJ 516 [HC]

CRIMINAL LAW

Anti-Trafficking in Persons and Anti-Smuggling of Migrants Act 2007 - Section 26A - Offence of smuggling illegal immigrants - Accused persons pleaded guilty - Sentencing - Mitigating factors - Whether court must consider geographical boundaries - Trend of sentencing - Whether six years' imprisonment reasonable and appropriate
PP v. Suahaili Hassan & Anor
(Alwi Abdul Wahab JC) [2018] 7 CLJ 511 [HC]

Dangerous drugs - Trafficking - Drugs found in car and pocket of trousers - Whether drugs seized analysed and confirmed by chemist to be dangerous drugs - Whether drugs tampered with - Whether there was proper handling of drug exhibits - Whether there was break in chain of evidence - Whether ingredients of trafficking satisfied - Whether prosecution successfully established prima facie case - Penal Code, ss. 39B(1)(a) & 12(2)
PP v. Sopian Othman & Anor And Another Case
(SM Komathy JC) [2018] 7 CLJ 501 [HC]

CRIMINAL PROCEDURE

Charge - Setting aside - Application for - Perjury - Whether charge could be brought against accused arising from testimony during cross-examination by prosecution at defence stage - Whether prosecution ought to be allowed to present or offer evidence substantiating charge - Whether premature to conclude whether prosecution would be able to prove case under s. 193 of Penal Code - Whether accused could claim denial of due process - Whether application ought to be dismissed
Kanawagi Seperumaniam v. PP
(Mohd Zawawi Salleh, Ahmadi Asnawi, Hasnah Mohammed Hashim JJCA) [2018] 7 CLJ 475 [CA]

Sentencing - Offences - Offence of smuggling illegal immigrants - Accused persons pleaded guilty - Mitigating factors - Whether court must consider geographical boundaries - Trend of sentencing - Whether six years' imprisonment reasonable and appropriate - Anti-Trafficking in Persons and Anti-Smuggling of Migrants Act 2007, s. 26A
PP v. Suahaili Hassan & Anor
(Alwi Abdul Wahab JC) [2018] 7 CLJ 511 [HC]

EVIDENCE

Witness - Credibility - Testimony of witness in drug-trafficking charge - Whether testimony reliable - Whether testimony probable - Whether statements consistent - Whether there were discrepancies - Whether safe to accept testimony of witness
PP v. Sopian Othman & Anor And Another Case
(SM Komathy JC) [2018] 7 CLJ 501 [HC]

LAND LAW

Native customary right - Claim for - Claim for native customary right over area of land - Whether logging activities by timber companies legal - Whether there was encroachment and trespass - Whether construction of rail line caused damage to environment - Whether affected claimants' livelihood - Whether there was delay in commencing action - Whether claimant successfully established native customary rights over area of land
Director Of Forest Sarawak & Ors v. Nicholas Mujah Ason & Ors
(Balia Yusof Wahi, Tengku Maimun Tuan Mat, Varghese George JJCA) [2018] 7 CLJ 460 [CA]

Trespass - Allegation of - Claim for native customary right over area of land - Whether logging activities by timber companies legal - Whether there was encroachment and trespass - Whether construction of rail line caused damage to environment - Whether affected claimants' livelihood - Whether claimant successfully proved case of trespass
Director Of Forest Sarawak & Ors v. Nicholas Mujah Ason & Ors
(Balia Yusof Wahi, Tengku Maimun Tuan Mat, Varghese George JJCA) [2018] 7 CLJ 460 [CA]

REVENUE LAW

Income tax - Additional assessment - Application for judicial review to quash notices of additional assessment - Whether notices of additional assessment valid - Whether commission payments deductible - Power to make transfer pricing adjustments - Whether there was provision for domestic remedy to address applicant's complaints - Whether applicant exhausted statutory appeal mechanism - Income Tax Act 1967, ss. 33(1), 91(1) & 140
Flextronics Shah Alam Sdn Bhd v. Ketua Pengarah Hasil Dalam Negeri
(Vazeer Alam Mydin Meera J) [2018] 7 CLJ 487 [HC]

TORT

False imprisonment - Unlawful detention by police - Claimant blindfolded, stripped and assaulted by police during interrogation - Claimant detained following remand order issued by Magistrate - Claim for damages - Whether arrest lawful - Whether detention under remand orders valid - Whether remand order properly issued by Magistrate - Whether remand order may be challenged by collateral proceeding - Protection afforded under s. 32 of Police Act 1967 - Whether damages awarded appropriate - Criminal Procedure Code, ss. 117 & 119
Hassan Marsom & Ors v. Mohd Hady Ya'akop
(Richard Malanjum CJ (Sabah & Sarawak), Hasan Lah, Balia Yusof Wahi, Aziah Ali, Jeffrey Tan FCJJ) [2018] 7 CLJ 403 [FC]

Negligence - Damages - Claim for - Explosion and fire caused damage to adjacent building - Whether explosion and fire due to defendants' negligence - Whether agrochemicals and fertilizers stored aggravated cause of fire - Whether defendants owed duty of care to plaintiffs - Whether defendants breached duty of care - Whether damage caused by explosions to neighbouring building foreseeable - Whether causation established
Yee Thian Futt & Ors v. Liew San Kian & Ors
(Stephen Chung J) [2018] 7 CLJ 526 [HC]


CLJ 2018 Volume 7 (Part 5)

COURT OF APPEAL

Ooi Poh Ean & Anor v. Lembaga Pembangunan Langkawi
Mohd Hishamudin Yunus, David Wong Dak Wah, Umi Kalthum Abdul Majid JJCA
(Land Law - Malay reservations - Indefeasibility of title - Whether lands transferred were Malay reserved lands) [2018] 7 CLJ 541 [CA]

 For the appellants - Loo Yook Khin; M/s Law Chambers of YK Loo & Cheng
 For the respondent - Rao Suryana; M/s Rao Suryana

PP v. Li Qian
Rohana Yusuf, Yaacob Md Sam, Rhodzariah Bujang JJCA
(Criminal Law; Criminal Procedure - Dangerous Drugs Act 1952 - Defence of innocent carrier - Appeal against acquittal and discharge) [2018] 7 CLJ 557 [CA]

 For the appellant - Nik Syahril Ab Rahman; DPP
 For the respondent - Tan Choon Hong; M/s Choon Hong & Assocs

RHB Bank Bhd v. YB Menteri Sumber Manusia Malaysia & Anor
Hamid Sultan Abu Backer, Varghese George, Zamani A Rahim JJCA
(Administrative Law; Labour Law - Application to quash decision of Minister giving recognition to trade union) [2018] 7 CLJ 570 [CA]

 For the appellant - Romesh Abraham & David Ng; M/s Shook Lin & Bok
 For the 1st respondent - Rozielawaty Ab Ghani & Raihana Maimunah Rushdi; SFCs
 For the 2nd respondent - Azmer Md Saad; M/s Lainah Yaacob & Zulkepli

Zulina Mohd Omar v. Public Bank Bhd
Lim Yee Lan, Zaleha Yusof, Harmindar Singh Dhaliwal JJCA
(Land Law - Charge - Sale of property - Chargor adjudicated bankrupt - Whether spouse of chargor had beneficial interest in property) [2018] 7 CLJ 586 [CA]

 For the appellant - M/s Zubeda & Amarjeet
 For the respondent - M/s Iza Ng Yeoh & Kit

HIGH COURT

Malvinder Kaur Jaswant Singh v. Avinder Singh Karnail Singh & Ors
Hayatul Akmal Abdul Aziz JC
(Civil Procedure - Contempt of court - Breach of consent order) [2018] 7 CLJ 599 [HC]

 For the plaintiff - R Kandiah; M/s Mohd Latip & Assocs
 For the 1st defendant - Vignesvary Alahakone; M/s Alahakone & Co

NGV Tech Sdn Bhd & Anor v. Network South Pacific Limited
Azizah Nawawi J
(Civil Procedure - Application to set aside consent judgment - Whether there was irregularity in consent judgment) [2018] 7 CLJ 609 [HC]

 For the plaintiffs - KK Chan & Winnou Chung; M/s Shook Lin & Bok
 For the defendant - K Selva Kumaran & G Shanker; M/s Rose Hussin

Nurul Izzah Anwar v. Tan Sri Khalid Abu Bakar & Anor
Faizah Jamaludin JC
(Tort - Defamation - Libel - Whether impugned statements exposed complainant to hatred, ridicule and contempt - Qualified privilege - Fair comment - Damages) [2018] 7 CLJ 622 [HC]

 For the plaintiff - Sivarasa Rasiah & Toh Seng Wee; M/s Daim & Gamany
 For the 1st defendant & 2nd defendant - Nor Mastura Ayub, & Zureen Elina Hj Mohd Dom; SFCs

Sunway D'Mont Kiara Sdn Bhd v. Pesuruhjaya Khas Cukai Pendapatan & Another Case
Asmabi Mohamad J
(Civil Procedure; Revenue Law - Judicial review - Application - Application to quash decision of Special Commissioners of Income Tax - Judgments and orders - Binding effect) [2018] 7 CLJ 666 [HC]

 For the applicant - Mr Jason Tan; M/s Lee Hishamuddin Allen & Gledhill
 For the respondent - Shamsul Bolhassan & M Kogilambigai; SFCs

SUBJECT INDEX

ADMINISTRATIVE LAW

Judicial review - Application for - Application to quash decision of Minister giving recognition to trade union - Appeal against High Court Judge's refusal to quash decision of Minister - Whether valid questions of law arose for consideration - Whether abuse of court process - Whether courts permitted to scrutinise decision for process and substance - Whether relevant information furnished - Whether bank consented to procedure relating to ballot by employees concerned - Whether documents submitted for purpose of secret balloting referred to officers in relevant category - Whether bank could deny trade union its recognition - Industrial Relations Act 1967, s. 9
RHB Bank Bhd v. YB Menteri Sumber Manusia Malaysia & Anor
(Hamid Sultan Abu Backer, Varghese George, Zamani A Rahim JJCA) [2018] 7 CLJ 570 [CA]

CIVIL PROCEDURE

Contempt of court - Breach of consent order - Husband and wife entered into consent order regarding custody, care and control of child - Husband initiated committal proceedings against wife due to breach of consent order - Wife applied to vary consent order before committal proceedings could be heard - Whether wife's application ought to be allowed - Whether contempt of consent order had been purged - Rules of Court 2012, O. 52 r. 2(1)
Malvinder Kaur Jaswant Singh v. Avinder Singh Karnail Singh & Ors
(Hayatul Akmal Abdul Aziz JC) [2018] 7 CLJ 599 [HC]

Judgments and orders - Binding effect - Retrospective effect - Cases decided in 2004 relied on cases decided in 2006 and 2013 - Whether allowed - Whether against public policy
Sunway D'Mont Kiara Sdn Bhd v. Pesuruhjaya Khas Cukai Pendapatan & Another Case
(Asmabi Mohamad J) [2018] 7 CLJ 666 [HC]

Judicial review - Application - Application to quash decision of Special Commissioners of Income Tax ('SCIT') - SCIT rejected applicants' applications for extension of time to lodge notices of appeal - Whether applicants able to show reasonable cause that they were prevented from filing notice of appeal - Whether there was failure by SCIT to give reasons for rejecting applicants' application - Whether decision suffered from infirmities of illegality, irrationality and procedural impropriety - Income Tax Act 1967, s. 100(2), (4) & (5)
Sunway D'Mont Kiara Sdn Bhd v. Pesuruhjaya Khas Cukai Pendapatan & Another Case
(Asmabi Mohamad J) [2018] 7 CLJ 666 [HC]

Setting aside - Consent judgment - Application to set aside consent judgment - Whether there were grounds warranting setting aside of consent judgment - Whether there was irregularity in consent judgment - Whether consent judgment vitiated by fraud, misrepresentation and total failure of consideration - Whether consent judgment tainted with illegality - Whether consent judgment ought to be set aside
NGV Tech Sdn Bhd & Anor v. Network South Pacific Limited
(Azizah Nawawi J) [2018] 7 CLJ 609 [HC]

CRIMINAL LAW

Dangerous Drugs Act 1952 - Section 39B(1)(a) - Trafficking in dangerous drugs - Defence of innocent carrier - Whether defeated by act of wilful blindness - Whether defence evidence credible - Whether accused accepted as credible witness - Whether accused showed conduct of person with guilty mind - Whether presumption of knowledge rebutted - Whether safe to convict accused
PP v. Li Qian
(Rohana Yusuf, Yaacob Md Sam, Rhodzariah Bujang JJCA) [2018] 7 CLJ 557 [CA]

CRIMINAL PROCEDURE

Appeal - Appeal against acquittal and discharge - Offence of trafficking in dangerous drugs - Defence of innocent carrier - Whether defeated by act of wilful blindness - Whether defence evidence credible - Whether accused accepted as credible witness - Whether accused showed conduct of person with guilty mind - Whether presumption of knowledge rebutted - Whether safe to convict accused - Dangerous Drugs Act 1952, s. 39B(1)(a)
PP v. Li Qian
(Rohana Yusuf, Yaacob Md Sam, Rhodzariah Bujang JJCA) [2018] 7 CLJ 557 [CA]

LABOUR LAW

Trade union - Recognition - Minister giving recognition to trade union - Appeal against - Whether valid questions of law arose for consideration - Whether abuse of court process - Whether courts permitted to scrutinise decision for process and substance - Whether relevant information furnished - Whether bank consented to procedure relating to ballot by employees concerned - Whether documents submitted for purpose of secret balloting referred to officers in relevant category - Whether bank could deny trade union its recognition - Industrial Relations Act 1967, s. 9
RHB Bank Bhd v. YB Menteri Sumber Manusia Malaysia & Anor
(Hamid Sultan Abu Backer, Varghese George, Zamani A Rahim JJCA) [2018] 7 CLJ 570 [CA]

LAND LAW

Charge - Sale of property - Chargor adjudicated bankrupt - Order for sale of property - Whether spouse of chargor (applicant) had beneficial interest in property - Doctrine of equity of redemption in English Law - Whether applicable in Malaysia - Whether applicable to statutory charge under National Land Code - Application for redemption statement by applicant vide originating summons - Whether applicant had locus standi - Whether redemption statement correctly and properly issued
Zulina Mohd Omar v. Public Bank Bhd
(Lim Yee Lan, Zaleha Yusof, Harmindar Singh Dhaliwal JJCA) [2018] 7 CLJ 586 [CA]

Malay reservations - Indefeasibility of title - Sale and purchase of properties - Transfer of lands to purchasers - Whether lands transferred were Malay Reserved lands - Whether transferor was Malay - Whether transfer legal and valid - Whether purchasers held good title over lands - Whether title indefeasible - Kedah Enactment No. 63 (Malay Reservations), s. 6 - National Land Code, s. 340
Ooi Poh Ean & Anor v. Lembaga Pembangunan Langkawi
(Mohd Hishamudin Yunus, David Wong Dak Wah, Umi Kalthum Abdul Majid JJCA) [2018] 7 CLJ 541 [CA]

Title - Indefeasibility - Sale and purchase of properties - Transfer of lands to purchasers - Whether lands transferred were Malay Reserved lands - Whether transferor was Malay - Whether transfer legal and valid - Whether purchasers held good title over lands - Whether title indefeasible - Kedah Enactment No. 63 (Malay Reservations), s. 6 - National Land Code, s. 340
Ooi Poh Ean & Anor v. Lembaga Pembangunan Langkawi
(Mohd Hishamudin Yunus, David Wong Dak Wah, Umi Kalthum Abdul Majid JJCA) [2018] 7 CLJ 541 [CA]

REVENUE LAW

Income tax - Appeal - Special Commissioners of Income Tax ('SCIT') rejected applicants' applications for extension of time to lodge notices of appeal - Whether applicants able to show reasonable cause that they were prevented from filing notice of appeal - Whether there was failure by SCIT to give reasons for rejecting applicants' application - Whether decision suffered from infirmities of illegality, irrationality and procedural impropriety - Income Tax Act 1967, s. 100(2), (4) & (5)
Sunway D'Mont Kiara Sdn Bhd v. Pesuruhjaya Khas Cukai Pendapatan & Another Case
(Asmabi Mohamad J) [2018] 7 CLJ 666 [HC]

TORT

Defamation - Libel - Fair comment - Defence of - Statements made by Inspector General of Police and Minister of Rural and Regional Development at press conferences - Whether defamatory of complainant - Whether impugned statements exposed plaintiff to hatred, ridicule and contempt - Failure to particularise which words in respective statements were comments and facts - Whether defendants succeeded in proving statements were fair comments - Damages - Factors considered
Nurul Izzah Anwar v. Tan Sri Khalid Abu Bakar & Anor
(Faizah Jamaludin JC) [2018] 7 CLJ 622 [HC]

Defamation - Libel - Qualified privilege - Defence of - Statements made by Inspector General of Police and Minister of Rural and Regional Development at press conferences - Whether defamatory of complainant - Whether impugned statements exposed complainant to hatred, ridicule and contempt - Whether statements made in occasion of privilege - Whether defence of qualified privilege applicable - Whether privileges defeated by presence of express malice - Damages - Factors considered - Whether impugned statements serious libel made against Member of Parliament
Nurul Izzah Anwar v. Tan Sri Khalid Abu Bakar & Anor
(Faizah Jamaludin JC) [2018] 7 CLJ 622 [HC]

Defamation - Libel - Statements made by Inspector General of Police and Minister of Rural and Regional Development (defendants) at press conferences - Whether defamatory of complainant - Whether impugned statements exposed complainant to hatred, ridicule and contempt - Statements not made by ordinary men but authoritative figures holding top positions in country - Whether reasonable for ordinary men hearing or reading statements to infer they spoke with authority, truth or knowledge - Whether statements made in occasion of privilege - Whether defence of qualified privilege applicable - Whether privileges defeated by presence of express malice - Failure to particularise which words in respective statements were comments and facts - Whether defendants succeeded in proving statements were fair comments - Damages - Factors considered - Seriousness of libel and impact on complainant's reputation
Nurul Izzah Anwar v. Tan Sri Khalid Abu Bakar & Anor
(Faizah Jamaludin JC) [2018] 7 CLJ 622 [HC]


ARTICLES

LNS Article(s)

  1. FOREIGN INVESTMENT OPPORTUNITIES IN MALAYSIA* [Read excerpt]
    Ong Jun Loong [2018] 1 LNS(A) lxxii

  2. [2018] 1 LNS(A) lxxii
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    MALAYSIA

    FOREIGN INVESTMENT OPPORTUNITIES IN MALAYSIA*

    Ong Jun Loong

    IN THIS ARTICLE, ONG JUN LOONG EXAMINES THE REGULATORY FRAMEWORK GOVERNING FOREIGN DIRECT INVESTMENTS IN MALAYSIA BY FOCUSING ON A FEW SECTORS.

    Introduction

    Malaysia is considered one of the most attractive countries in Southeast Asia for foreign investors. According to the Malaysian Investment Development Authority ("MIDA"), Malaysia recorded foreign direct investments of RM54.7 billion in 2017 in the manufacturing, services, agriculture, mining, plantation and commodities sectors.[1]

    Over the years, foreign equity restrictions in many sectors have been liberalised. For example, the Malaysian government allowed up to 100% foreign equity participation in various services sectors such as telecommunications, healthcare and education in 2012.[2]

    . . .

    * Published with kind permission of M/s Shearn Delamore & Co.


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  3. RISKY BUSINESS* The legal hazards of relationships in the workplace [Read excerpt]
    JOHN WILSON** KIERAN PENDER*** [2018] 1 LNS(A) lxxiii

  4. [2018] 1 LNS(A) lxxiii
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    AUSTRALIA

    RISKY BUSINESS*
    The legal hazards of relationships in the workplace


    JOHN WILSON**
    KIERAN PENDER***


    "Employers cannot stop their employees forming romantic relationships." - Senior Deputy President Jonathan Hamberger, Fair Work Commission[1]


    Since there have been workplaces, there have been workplace romances. Given many workers spend more waking hours each day in the office than anywhere else, it is only natural that relationships blossom around the water cooler. Yet as a slew of scandals over the past year have demonstrated, love in the workplace can have considerable adverse consequences for employers and employees alike.

    In the most recent of these, two senior AFL executives resigned - perhaps following some persuasion - after having affairs with younger colleagues. But unlike another notorious scandal of late, involving a relationship between Seven boss Tim Worner and his executive assistant Amber Harrison which ended in litigation,[2] the AFL saga is unusual.

    . . .

    * Published with kind permission of the Law Society of the Australian Capital Territory. See Ethos No. 245 September 2017.

    ** Managing Legal Director, Bradley Allen Love

    *** Law Clerk, Bradley Allen Love


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  5. EXPOUNDING THE CONCEPT OF HUMAN RIGHT AND THE POLICE: AN X-RAY OF LAW WITHIN THE NIGERIAN POLICE FORCE [Read excerpt]
    JAMES FRIDAY PRAISE* OLUMILUA ENIOLA OLUFUNMILAYO** [2018] 1 LNS(A) lxxiv

  6. [2018] 1 LNS(A) lxxiv
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    NIGERIA

    EXPOUNDING THE CONCEPT OF HUMAN RIGHT AND THE POLICE:
    AN X-RAY OF LAW WITHIN THE NIGERIAN POLICE FORCE


    JAMES FRIDAY PRAISE*
    OLUMILUA ENIOLA OLUFUNMILAYO**

    Abstract

    It is an established fact that modern Nigeria societies are being threatened by waves of uncertainty, galvanised by terrorism, political violence, cries for secession and religious conflicts. All these indicators points towards one direction; the need for efficient policing that will effectively bridge the gap between the public and constituted authorities and equally among people. This tall task may not come to fulfillment if the police in contemporary Nigeria symbolises terror by infringing on the human rights they were established to preserve. To clarify this doubt, this paper seeks to answer the following questions: are human rights infringed upon in recent times by the police? What human rights are mostly violated? And, what is the relationship between socio-demographic characteristics of Nigerians and police infringement of rights today.

    . . .

    * College Of Law, Joseph Ayo Babalola University, Ikeji Arakeji Osun State, Nigeria

    ** College Of Law, Joseph Ayo Babalola University, Ikeji Arakeji Osun State, Nigeria


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LEGISLATION HIGHLIGHTS

Principal Acts

Number Title In force from Repealing
ACT 804 Dental Act 2018 Not Yet In Force -
ACT 803 Anti-Fake News Act 2018 11 April 2018 [PU(B) 174/2018] -
ACT 802 Private Aged Healthcare Facilities and Services Act 2018 Not Yet In Force -
ACT 801 Finance (No. 2) Act 2017 As provided in the Act except s 20 - 23; 1 January 2018 [PU(B) 610/2017] - s 20, 21 and 23; 1 October 2018 [PU(B) 610/2017] - s 22 -
ACT 800 Employment Insurance System Act 2017 1 January 2018 [PU(B) 606/2017] -

Amending Acts

Number Title In force from Principal/Amending Act No
ACT A1570 Sports Development (Amendment) Act 2018 Not Yet In Force ACT 576
ACT A1569 Arbitration (Amendment) (No. 2) Act 2018 8 May 2018 [PU(B) 265/2018] ACT 646
ACT A1568 Fire Services (Amendment) Act 2018 Not Yet In Force ACT 341
ACT A1567 Malaysian Anti-Corruption Commission (Amendment) Act 2018 Not Yet In Force ACT 694
ACT A1566 Limitation (Amendment) Act 2018 Not Yet In Force ACT 254

PU(A)

Number Title Date of Publication In force from Principal/ Amending Act No
PU(A) 193/2018 Federal Roads (West Malaysia) (Amendment) (No. 7) Order 2018 14 August 2018 15 August 2018 PU(A) 401/1989
PU(A) 192/2018 Universiti Teknikal Malaysia Melaka (Incorporation) (Relocation) Order 2018 14 August 2018 15 August 2018 ACT 30
PU(A) 191/2018 Universiti Teknikal Malaysia Melaka (Incorporation) (Amendment) Order 2018 14 August 2018 1 February 2007 PU(A) 43/2007
PU(A) 190/2018 Dental (Exemption) Order 2018 9 August 2018 10 August 2018 ACT 51
PU(A) 189/2018 Federal Roads (West Malaysia) (Amendment) (No. 6) Order 2018 9 August 2018 10 August 2018 PU(A) 401/1989

PU(B)

Number Title Date of Publication In force from Principal/ Amending Act No
PU(B) 484/2018 Appointment of Probation Officers 9 August 2018 10 August 2018 ACT 611
PU(B) 483/2018 Appointment of Protectors 9 August 2018 10 August 2018 ACT 611
PU(B) 482/2018 Appointment of Authorized Officers 9 August 2018 10 August 2018 ACT 506
PU(B) 481/2018 Appointment of Authorized Officers 9 August 2018 10 August 2018 ACT 308
PU(B) 480/2018 Determination of Electoral Roll For The By-Election of N.32 Seri Setia 8 August 2018 9 August 2018 PU(A) 293/2002

Legislation Alert

Updated

Act/Principal No. Title Amended by In force from Section amended
PU(A) 43/2007 Universiti Teknikal Malaysia Melaka (Incorporation) Order 2007 PU(A) 191/2018 1 February 2007 Paragraph 2
ACT 51 Dental Act 1971 PU(A) 184/2018 3 August 2018 Second Schedule
ACT 371 Registration of Pharmacists Act 1951 (Revised 1989) PU(A) 182/2018 1 January 2022 First Schedule
ACT 366 Poisons Act 1952 (Revised 1989) PU(A) 179/2018 1 August 2018 Third Schedule
PU(A) 445/2017 Customs Duties (Exemption) Order 2017 PU(A) 166/2018 18 July 2018 Schedule

Revoked

Act/Principal No. Title Revoked by In force from
PU(A) 461/1997 Fees (National Planetarium) Order 1997 PU(A) 177/2018 30 July 2018
PU(A) 349/2016 Price Control and Anti-Profiteering (Mechanism to Determine Unreasonably High Profit For Goods) Regulations 2016 PU(A) 130/2018 6 June 2018
PU(A) 184/2013 Ministers of the Federal Government (No. 2) Order 2013 PU(A) 125/2018 10 May 2018
PU(A) 187/2014 Goods and Services Tax (Imposition of Tax For Supplies in Respect of Designated Areas) Order 2014 PU(A) 123/2018 1 June 2018
PU(A) 185/2014 Goods and Services Tax (Application to Government) Order 2014 PU(A) 122/2018 1 June 2018