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Issue #11/2018
15 March 2018

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New This Week

  1. Case(s) of the Week

    1. KERAJAAN MALAYSIA v. MAT SHUHAIMI SHAFIEI [2018] 3 CLJ 1

    2. INDIRA GANDHI MUTHO v. PENGARAH JABATAN AGAMA ISLAM PERAK & ORS AND OTHER APPEALS [2018] 3 CLJ 145

  2. Appeal Update

    1. Appeal Update

  3. Latest Cases

    1. Legal Network Series

    2. CLJ 2018 Volume 3 (Part 1)

    3. CLJ 2018 Volume 3 (Part 2)

  4. Articles

    1. LNS Article(s)

    2. CLJ Article(s)

  5. Legislation Highlights

    1. Principal Acts

    2. Amending Acts

    3. PU(A)

    4. PU(B)

    5. Legislation Alert

CASE(S) OF THE WEEK

KERAJAAN MALAYSIA v. MAT SHUHAIMI SHAFIEI [2018] 3 CLJ 1
FEDERAL COURT, PUTRAJAYA
AHMAD MAAROP CJ (MALAYA); RAMLY ALI FCJ; BALIA YUSOF WAHI FCJ; AZIAH ALI FCJ; PRASAD SANDOSHAM ABRAHAM FCJ
[CIVIL APPEAL NO: 01(f)-6-03-2017(W)]
08 JANUARY 2018

CIVIL PROCEDURE: Abuse of process – What constituted abuse – Approach to abuse of process – Issue already litigated in earlier proceedings against same applicant – Whether proceedings an abuse of process of court

CONSTITUTIONAL LAW: Fundamental liberties – Freedom of speech and expression – Challenge as to constitutionality of s. 3(3) of Sedition Act 1948 – Respondent charged under s. 4(1)(c) – Application for declaration that s. 3(3) violated art. 10(1)(a) of Federal Constitution – Whether charge amounted to unreasonable restriction to freedom of speech and expression – Whether charge rendered unconstitutional – Whether ought to be struck out – Federal Constitution, art. 10(1)(a)

CRIMINAL LAW: Sedition Act 1948 – Section 4(1)(c) – Elements of offence – Whether 'act of publishing a seditious publication' established – Whether publication has seditious tendency under s. 3(1) – Intention of person charged deemed irrelevant under s. 3(3) – Whether offence established


INDIRA GANDHI MUTHO v.
PENGARAH JABATAN AGAMA ISLAM PERAK & ORS AND OTHER APPEALS
[2018] 3 CLJ 145
FEDERAL COURT, PUTRAJAYA
ZULKEFLI AHMAD MAKINUDIN PCA; RICHARD MALANJUM CJ (SABAH & SARAWAK); ZAINUN ALI FCJ ABU SAMAH NORDIN FCJ; RAMLY ALI FCJ
[CIVIL APPEALS NO: 01(f)-17-06-2016 (A), 01(f)-18-06-2016 (A) & 01(f)-19-06-2016 (A)]
29 JANUARY 2018

ADMINISTRATIVE LAW: Judicial review – Legality of decisions of public authorities – Reviewing approach – Conversion to Islam – Conversion of non-Muslim children to Islam – Legality and constitutionality of administrative action taken by Registrar of Muallafs in exercise of statutory powers – Whether High Court had exclusive jurisdiction to exercise supervisory powers – Whether Syariah courts conferred with power to review administrative decisions of authorities – Whether judicial power could be removed from civil courts – Whether jurisdiction of Syariah court must be expressly conferred by state legislation – Whether relief sought in nature of inherent powers of civil court – Whether Syariah court has no jurisdiction over non-Muslims and non-Muslims had no locus before Syariah court – Whether effect of art. 121(1A) of Federal Constitution to oust jurisdiction of civil courts when subject matter relates to Islamic religion – Whether High Court seised with jurisdiction, to exclusion of Syariah court, to hear matter – Courts of Judicature Act 1964, ss. 23, 24 & 25 – Rules of Court 2012, O. 53

CONSTITUTIONAL LAW: Courts – Civil and Syariah courts – Whether distinct in nature and status – Civil court – Whether established under the Federal Constitution and vested with inherent judicial powers – Syariah court – Whether creatures of state legislation – Whether akin to inferior tribunal – Interpretation of art.121(1A) of Federal Constitution – Whether not to be interpreted in isolation – Whether granting exclusive jurisdiction to Syariah court in all matters of Islamic law

JURISDICTION: Syariah court – Conversion to Islam – Conversion of non-Muslim children to Islam – Certificate of conversion – Issues on conversion – Validity – Whether within jurisdiction of Syariah court – Whether within realm of constitutional and administrative law – Whether should jurisdictionally be triable before civil court – Administration of Religion of Islam (Perak) Enactment 2004, s. 50(3)(b) – Proper interpretation – Whether conferring jurisdiction to Syariah Court to determine validity of a person's conversion to Islam – Federal Constitution, arts. 8(2), 12(4)

ISLAMIC LAW: Conversion to Islam – Conversion of non-Muslim children to Islam – Certificate of conversion – Certificate issued by Registrar of Muallafs – Whether valid – Whether ss. 96 & 106 of Administration of the Religion of Islam (Perak) Enactment 2004 has effect of excluding High Court's power to review issuance of certificate of conversion by Registrar of Muallafs – Requirements in ss. 96 & 106 – Whether cumulative – Language of s. 101(2) – Whether purporting to oust judicial review – Whether precluded High Court from reviewing Registrar of Muallafs' decision

ISLAMIC LAW: Registrar of Muallafs – Statutory power – Conversion to Islam – Issuance of certificate of conversion – Exercise of powers thereof – Legal limits to exercise of legal powers thereof – Validity of Certificate of Conversion – Whether ss. 96 & 106 of Administration of the Religion of Islam (Perak) Enactment 2004 has effect of excluding High Court's power to review issuance of certificate of conversion by Registrar of Muallafs – Requirements in ss. 96 & 106 – Whether cumulative – Language of s. 101(2) – Whether purporting to oust judicial review – Whether precluded High Court from reviewing Registrar of Muallafs' decision

FAMILY LAW: Children – Conversion – Conversion of non-Muslim children to Islam – Whether consent of both parents must be sought – Whether both parents ought to have equal rights in upbringing of children – Whether conversion of one spouse to Islam altered antecedent legal position – Consideration of welfare of child – Equality of parental right – Whether certificate of conversion issued without consent of one parent contravened art. 12(4) of Federal Constitution and Guardianship of Infants Act 1961, ss. 5 & 11


APPEAL UPDATE  
  1. PP v. Hamzah Yunus [2017] 1 LNS 1185 (CA) affirming the High Court case of PP v. Hamzah Yunus : Criminal Trial No : TWU - 45 - 3/2 - 2013.

  2. Merck KGaA v. Leno Marketing (M) Sdn Bhd; Registrar of Trade Marks (Interested Party) [2017] 1 LNS 1006 (CA) affirming the High Court case of Merck KGaA v. Leno Marketing (M) Sdn Bhd; The Registrar of Trade Marks (Interested Party) [2016] 9 CLJ 736.

LATEST CASES

Legal Network Series

[2016] 1 LNS 1724

HAMSYAINI HAMZAH v. TIMBALAN MENTERI DALAM NEGERI, MALAYSIA & ANOR

PREVENTIVE DETENTION: Detention order - Application for habeas corpus - Detention under Dangerous Drugs (Special Preventive Measures) Act 1985 - Allegation of delay in registration - Whether there was procedural non-compliance in issuance of detention order by Minister - Whether every detainee should be registered immediately upon commencement of detention order - Whether there was separate date of commencement - Whether an applicant who is seeking to challenge his detention order is entitled to be provided with a copy of his own recorded statement - Whether detention was lawful

[2017] 1 LNS 1059

MOHD AMINNUDIN MOHD YASIN & SATU LAGI lwn. PP

PROSEDUR JENAYAH: Pembelaan - Penafian - Keraguan munasabah - Pertuduhan bunuh - Tertuduh mendakwa simati dalam keadaan nazak di lokap depot tahanan - Tertuduh menafikan telah memukul simati - Tertuduh mendakwa tertuduh dipukul oleh pihak ketiga - Sama ada pembelaan tertuduh terjumlah kepada penafian kosong - Sama ada tertuduh telah menimbulkan sebarang keraguan yang munasabah atas kes pendakwaan

UNDANG-UNDANG JENAYAH: Bunuh - Kanun Keseksaan, s. 302 - Niat - Kematian di lokap depot tahanan - Simati mengalami kecederaan akibat dipukul - Kematian yang berpunca daripada objek tumpul - Tertuduh memukul simati menggunakan tangan hingga menyebabkan kecederaan tubuh - Sama ada tertuduh mempunyai niat untuk mencederakan simati - Sama ada kecederaan yang dialami oleh simati cukup pada lazimnya untuk menyebabkan kematian

[2017] 1 LNS 1098

SIVARAJAH GANAPATHY lwn. TIMBALAN MENTERI DALAM NEGERI, MALAYSIA & SATU LAGI

PENAHANAN PENCEGAHAN: Perintah tahanan - Permohonan untuk habeas corpus - Tahanan di bawah s. 6(1) Akta Dadah Berbahaya (Langkah-Langkah Pencegahan Khas) 1985 ('Akta 1985') - Pertikaian berkenaan perlantikan pegawai penyiasat - Dakwaan bahawa pegawai penyiasat polis ('PPP') tidak menjalankan siasatan - Sama ada pegawai siasatan telah dilantik secara sah selaras dengan s. 5 Akta 1985 - Sama ada laporan yang disediakan oleh PPP telah memenuhi kehendak di bawah s. 3(3) Akta 1985 - Sama ada pemohon perlu menyatakan secara spesifik isu-isu yang dibangkitkan di dalam afidavit sokongan - Sama ada Pengerusi Lembaga Penasihat perlu meletakkan namanya pada Borang II - Sama ada isu-isu yang dibangkitkan pemohon adalah bermerit

[2017] 1 LNS 1440

JUNG KUO SDN BHD v. TRIBUNAL FOR HOUSING PURCHASER CLAIMS & ORS

ADMINISTRATIVE LAW: Judicial review - Certiorari - Application to quash decision of Tribunal for Housing Purchaser Claims - Tribunal allowed purchaser's claim for late delivery of property until issuance of occupation permit - Whether tribunal was correct to order liquidated damages for late delivery payable until issuance of occupation permit as opposed to temporary occupation permit

CONTRACT: Housing development - Sale and purchase agreement - Interpretation of sale and purchase agreement - Liquidated ascertained damages ('LAD') for late delivery of property - Whether terms of a statute-based contract must be strictly complied with - Whether LAD must be calculated until date of issuance of occupation permit or temporary occupation permit - Whether temporary occupation permit by itself was evidence that property had been inspected and found to be satisfactorily completed in accordance with approved plan

[2017] 1 LNS 1441

WONG KIE YIK v. KATHRYN MA WAI FONG

CIVIL PROCEDURE: Trial - Witness - Application for examination of person out of jurisdiction - Evidence by deposition - Application made before trial of action began - Whether testimonies of witnesses were necessary and material to plaintiff's case - Whether application intended for a fishing expedition - Whether there was basis for application to depose witnesses - Rules of Court 2012, O. 39 r. 2


CLJ 2018 Volume 3 (Part 1)

FEDERAL COURT

Kerajaan Malaysia v. Mat Shuhaimi Shafiei
Ahmad Maarop CJ (Malaya), Ramly Ali, Balia Yusof Wahi, Aziah Ali, Prasad Sandosham Abraham FCJJ
(Civil Procedure; Constitutional Law; Criminal Law - Issue already litigated in earlier proceedings against same applicant - Whether proceedings an abuse of process of court - Sedition Act 1948 - Section 4(1)(c)) [2018] 3 CLJ 1 [FC]

COURT OF APPEAL

Chua Yung Kim v. Madlis Azid & Ors
Lim Yee Lan, Abdul Rahman Sebli, Zaleha Yusof JJCA
(Native Law & Custom; Civil Law Act; Limitation - Sale of land - Whether there was misrepresentation and inequality of bargaining power - Whether action fell out of time) [2018] 3 CLJ 47 [CA]

Ho Tze Kean v. PP & Another Appeal
David Wong Dak Wah, Hamid Sultan Abu Backer, Kamardin Hashim JJCA
(Criminal Law; Criminal Procedure - Dangerous Drugs Act 1952 - Section 39B(1)(a) - Appeal against conviction and sentence - Defence of innocent carrier - Cautioned statement) [2018] 3 CLJ 71 [CA]

Khong Yoke Bee v. Lim Chong Yean & Another Appeal
Rohana Yusuf, Idrus Harun, Mary Lim JJCA
(Land Law; Contract - Sale and purchase of property - Agreement - Indefeasibility of title - Specific performance) [2018] 3 CLJ 89 [CA]

Lim Sue Beng v. RHB Bank Bhd & Ors
Lim Yee Lan, Idrus Harun, Asmabi Mohamad JJCA
(Bankruptcy - Notice - Application to amend bankruptcy notice) [2018] 3 CLJ 106 [CA]

HIGH COURT

PP v. Leslie Spenser
Mairin Idang JC
(Criminal Law - Dangerous Drugs Act 1952 - Section 39B(1)(a) - Whether accused had knowledge of nature of drugs in bag - Whether accused mere innocent carrier) [2018] 3 CLJ 119 [HC]

SUBJECT INDEX

BANKRUPTCY

Notice - Amendment - Application to amend bankruptcy notice - Judgment creditors commenced bankruptcy proceedings against judgment debtors based on single judgment obtained - Collective exercise of enforcement of judgment - Application by one of judgment creditors for leave to cease to be judgment creditor - Whether bankruptcy notice must be withdrawn to give effect to settlement agreement - Whether fresh proceedings must be commenced - Whether O. 20 r. 8 of Rules of Court 2012 applicable - Bankruptcy Act 1967, ss. 93(3) & 95 - Bankruptcy Rules 1969, r. 276
Lim Sue Beng v. RHB Bank Bhd & Ors
(Lim Yee Lan, Idrus Harun, Asmabi Mohamad JCA) [2018] 3 CLJ 106 [CA]

CIVIL LAW ACT

English law - Applicability - Common law - Doctrine of inequality of bargaining power - Whether applied in State of Sabah - Villagers approached businessman for financial assistance in paying surveyor fees - Whether certain agreements and power of attorneys executed in businessman's favour - Factors raising inference of inequality of bargaining power - Whether application of doctrine of inequality of bargaining power necessary - Civil Law Act 1956, s. 3(1)
Chua Yung Kim v. Madlis Azid & Ors
(Lim Yee Lan, Abdul Rahman Sebli, Zaleha Yusof JJCA) [2018] 3 CLJ 47 [CA]

CIVIL PROCEDURE

Abuse of process - What constituted abuse - Approach to abuse of process - Issue already litigated in earlier proceedings against same applicant - Whether proceedings an abuse of process of court
Kerajaan Malaysia v. Mat Shuhaimi Shafiei
(Ahmad Maarop CJ (Malaya), Ramly Ali, Balia Yusof Wahi, Aziah Ali, Prasad Sandosham Abraham FCJJ) [2018] 3 CLJ 1 [FC]

CONSTITUTIONAL LAW

Fundamental liberties - Freedom of speech and expression - Challenge as to constitutionality of s. 3(3) of Sedition Act 1948 - Respondent charged under s. 4(1)(c) - Application for declaration that s. 3(3) violated art. 10(1)(a) of Federal Constitution - Whether charge amounted to unreasonable restriction to freedom of speech and expression - Whether charge rendered unconstitutional - Whether ought to be struck out - Federal Constitution, art. 10(1)(a)
Kerajaan Malaysia v. Mat Shuhaimi Shafiei
(Ahmad Maarop CJ (Malaya), Ramly Ali, Balia Yusof Wahi, Aziah Ali, Prasad Sandosham Abraham FCJJ) [2018] 3 CLJ 1 [FC]

CONTRACT

Specific performance - Sale and purchase agreement - Sale and purchase of property - Agreements - Whether earlier sale and purchase agreement valid and enforceable - Whether subsequent sale and purchase agreements null and void - High Court ordered specific performance of first sale and purchase agreement - Whether specific performance appropriate
Khong Yoke Bee v. Lim Chong Yean & Another Appeal
(Rohana Yusuf, Idrus Harun, Mary Lim JJCA) [2018] 3 CLJ 89 [CA]

CRIMINAL LAW

Dangerous Drugs Act 1952 - Section 39B(1)(a) - Trafficking in methamphetamine - Accused arrested for drugs found in luggage bag at airport - Custody or control of bag - Whether proved - Whether accused had knowledge of nature of drugs in bag - Whether accused mere innocent carrier - Whether prima facie case had been established - Whether accused ought to be acquitted and discharged
PP v. Leslie Spenser
(Mairin Idang JC) [2018] 3 CLJ 119 [HC]

Dangerous Drugs Act 1952 - Section 39B(1)(a) - Trafficking in 124.04g of methamphetamine - Drugs found in car - Accused convicted and sentenced to death by trial judge - Appeal against conviction and sentence - Defence of innocent carrier - Whether considered by trial judge - Whether accused was under arrest when he uttered words amounting to admission of knowledge of drugs - Whether statutory caution administered - Whether s. 114(g) of Evidence Act 1950 ought to be invoked against prosecution
Ho Tze Kean v. PP & Another Appeal
(David Wong Dak Wah, Hamid Sultan Abu Backer, Kamardin Hashim JJCA) [2018] 3 CLJ 71 [CA]

Sedition Act 1948 - Section 4(1)(c) - Elements of offence - Whether 'act of publishing a seditious publication' established - Whether publication has seditious tendency under s. 3(1) - Intention of person charged deemed irrelevant under s. 3(3) - Whether offence established
Kerajaan Malaysia v. Mat Shuhaimi Shafiei
(Ahmad Maarop CJ (Malaya), Ramly Ali, Balia Yusof Wahi, Aziah Ali, Prasad Sandosham Abraham FCJJ) [2018] 3 CLJ 1 [FC]

CRIMINAL PROCEDURE

Statements - Cautioned statement - Trial judge admitted statement by accused to impute knowledge of dangerous drugs - Whether accused was arrested - Whether statutory caution administered - Whether caution explained to accused - Whether a misdirection - Dangerous Drugs Act 1952, s. 37B(1)(b)
Ho Tze Kean v. PP & Another Appeal
(David Wong Dak Wah, Hamid Sultan Abu Backer, Kamardin Hashim JJCA) [2018] 3 CLJ 71 [CA]

LAND LAW

Indefeasibility of title and interest - Sale and purchase of property - Agreements - Whether earlier sale and purchase agreement valid and enforceable - Whether subsequent sale and purchase agreements null and void - Whether subsequent purchaser acquired indefeasible title to property - Whether subsequent purchaser bona fide purchaser - Whether registered title of subsequent purchaser defeated - Whether property ought to be transferred to first purchaser - National Land Code, s. 340
Khong Yoke Bee v. Lim Chong Yean & Another Appeal
(Rohana Yusuf, Idrus Harun, Mary Lim JJCA) [2018] 3 CLJ 89 [CA]

Sale and purchase of property - Agreement - Indefeasibility of title - Whether earlier sale and purchase agreement valid and enforceable - Whether subsequent sale and purchase agreement null and void - Whether subsequent purchaser acquired indefeasible title to property - Whether subsequent purchaser bona fide purchaser - Whether registered title of subsequent purchaser defeated - Whether property ought to be transferred to first purchaser - National Land Code, s. 340
Khong Yoke Bee v. Lim Chong Yean & Another Appeal
(Rohana Yusuf, Idrus Harun, Mary Lim JJCA) [2018] 3 CLJ 89 [CA]

LIMITATION

Accrual of cause of action - Whether action filed out of time - Whether claim fell under item 97 of Schedule to Sabah Limitation Ordinance - Whether limitation period six years from time right to sue accrues - Whether claim statute-barred
Chua Yung Kim v. Madlis Azid & Ors
(Lim Yee Lan, Abdul Rahman Sebli, Zaleha Yusof JJCA) [2018] 3 CLJ 47 [CA]

NATIVE LAW & CUSTOM

Land dispute - Sale of land - Whether there was misrepresentation and inequality of bargaining power - Villagers approached businessman for financial assistance in paying surveyor fees - Businessman appointed third parties to prepare and execute power of attorneys, sale and purchase agreements and memorandums of transfer in his favour - Whether illiterate villagers had benefit of professional legal advice - Failure to call material witness who purportedly attested to villagers' signing or thumb-printing of documents to effect transfer and sale of their beneficial interest in lands to businessman - Whether adverse inference invoked - Evidence Act 1950, s. 114(g) - Whether registration of lands to businessman defective - Whether registration of memorandum of transfer lawful and valid - Whether transfer of ownership ought to be set aside
Chua Yung Kim v. Madlis Azid & Ors
(Lim Yee Lan, Abdul Rahman Sebli, Zaleha Yusof JJCA) [2018] 3 CLJ 47 [CA]


CLJ 2018 Volume 3 (Part 2)

FEDERAL COURT

Indira Gandhi Mutho v. Pengarah Jabatan Agama Islam Perak & Ors And Other Appeals
Zulkefli Ahmad Makinudin PCA, Richard Malanjum CJ (Sabah & Sarawak), Zainun Ali, Abu Samah Nordin, Ramly Ali FCJJ
(Administrative Law; Constitutional Law; Jurisdiction; Islamic Law; Family Law - Conversion of non-Muslim children to Islam - Validity - Whether High Court seised with jurisdiction, to exclusion of Syariah Court, to hear matters relating to Islamic religion - Equality of parental rights) [2018] 3 CLJ 145 [FC]

COURT OF APPEAL

Derrick Randall lwn. PP
Mohd Zawawi Salleh, Ahmadi Asnawi, Kamardin Hashim HHMR
(Undang-Undang Jenayah - Akta Dadah Berbahaya 1952 - Pengedaran - Sama ada kegagalan mempertimbangkan rakaman percakapan memudaratkan kes pendakwaan) [2018] 3 CLJ 212 [CA]

HIGH COURT

Animation Theme Park Sdn Bhd v. ZJ Advisory Sdn Bhd
Anselm Charles Fernandis JC
(Company Law; Evidence - Winding up - Without prejudice communications - Admissibility) [2018] 3 CLJ 225 [HC]

Azman Sulaiman v. Muhammad Aqil Afdhal Ruslan (A Child Suing Through His Father And Next Friend; Ruslan Disa) & Anor
Azmi Abdullah JC
(Road Traffic - Appeal against quantum and liability - Whether minor could be imputed with liability - Whether parent accountable and culpable for not monitoring minor) [2018] 3 CLJ 241 [HC]

Dato' Seri Anwar Ibrahim v. Khairy Jamaluddin
Azizul Azmi Adnan J
(Tort; Civil Procedure - Defamation - Slander - Words uttered during speech - Whether slanderous - Res judicata - Principles) [2018] 3 CLJ 250 [HC]

Mohamad Shahid Ahmad v. Dato' Mohamad Fazin Mahmud & Ors
Kamaludin Md Said J
(Administrative Law; Preventive Detention - Police supervision order - Procedure) [2018] 3 CLJ 268 [HC]

SUBJECT INDEX

ADMINISTRATIVE LAW

Judicial review - Application against order issued by Prevention of Crime Board ('Board') - Police supervision order - Procedures before Board could issue direction that applicant be registered under s. 12(1) of Prevention of Crime Act 1959 ('PCA') - Whether complied with - Whether Board had satisfied itself under s. 15(1) of PCA before making direction to order police supervision - Whether Board abused s. 15(1) of PCA - Whether police supervision order ought to be set aside - Rules of Court 2012, O. 53
Mohamad Shahid Ahmad v. Dato' Mohamad Fazin Mahmud & Ors
(Kamaludin Md Said J) [2018] 3 CLJ 268 [HC]

Judicial review - Legality of decisions of public authorities - Reviewing approach - Conversion to Islam - Conversion of non-Muslim children to Islam - Legality and constitutionality of administrative action taken by Registrar of Muallafs in exercise of statutory powers - Whether High Court had exclusive jurisdiction to exercise supervisory powers - Whether Syariah courts conferred with power to review administrative decisions of authorities - Whether judicial power could be removed from civil courts - Whether jurisdiction of Syariah court must be expressly conferred by state legislation - Whether relief sought in nature of inherent powers of civil court - Whether Syariah court has no jurisdiction over non-Muslims and non-Muslims had no locus before Syariah court - Whether effect of art. 121(1A) of Federal Constitution to oust jurisdiction of civil courts when subject matter relates to Islamic religion - Whether High Court seised with jurisdiction, to exclusion of Syariah court, to hear matter - Courts of Judicature Act 1964, ss. 23, 24 & 25 - Rules of Court 2012, O. 53
Indira Gandhi Mutho v. Pengarah Jabatan Agama Islam Perak & Ors And Other Appeals
(Zulkefli Ahmad Makinudin PCA, Richard Malanjum CJ (Sabah & Sarawak), Zainun Ali, Abu Samah Nordin, Ramly Ali FCJJ) [2018] 3 CLJ 145 [FC]

CIVIL PROCEDURE

Res judicata - Principles - Applicability - Tort action - Allegation of slander - Whether estoppel per rem judicatum applies in respect of different parties to action - Whether there were circumstances that res judicata should apply to prevent claimant/complainant from pursuing action against maker of statement - Evidence Act 1950, s. 43
Dato' Seri Anwar Ibrahim v. Khairy Jamaluddin
(Azizul Azmi Adnan J) [2018] 3 CLJ 250 [HC]

COMPANY LAW

Winding up - Petition - Statutory notice of demand - Claim for success fee - 'Without prejudice' letter seeking reduction of amount - Whether letter merely seeking for reduction of amount or questioned defendant's entitlement to amount claimed - Whether letter seeking reduction of amount admissible in court - Whether plaintiff's application for Fortuna injunction ought to be allowed
Animation Theme Park Sdn Bhd v. ZJ Advisory Sdn Bhd
(Anselm Charles Fernandis JC) [2018] 3 CLJ 225 [HC]

CONSTITUTIONAL LAW

Courts - Civil and Syariah courts - Whether distinct in nature and status - Civil court - Whether established under the Federal Constitution and vested with inherent judicial powers - Syariah court - Whether creatures of state legislation - Whether akin to inferior tribunal - Interpretation of art.121(1A) of Federal Constitution - Whether not to be interpreted in isolation - Whether granting exclusive jurisdiction to Syariah court in all matters of Islamic law
Indira Gandhi Mutho v. Pengarah Jabatan Agama Islam Perak & Ors And Other Appeals
(Zulkefli Ahmad Makinudin PCA, Richard Malanjum CJ (Sabah & Sarawak), Zainun Ali, Abu Samah Nordin, Ramly Ali FCJJ) [2018] 3 CLJ 145 [FC]

EVIDENCE

Without prejudice communications - Admissibility - Correspondence between parties to settle outstanding amount - Whether correspondence subjected to 'without prejudice' rule
Animation Theme Park Sdn Bhd v. ZJ Advisory Sdn Bhd
(Anselm Charles Fernandis JC)  [2018] 3 CLJ 225 [HC]

FAMILY LAW

Children - Conversion - Conversion of non-Muslim children to Islam - Whether consent of both parents must be sought - Whether both parents ought to have equal rights in upbringing of children - Whether conversion of one spouse to Islam altered antecedent legal position - Consideration of welfare of child - Equality of parental right - Whether certificate of conversion issued without consent of one parent contravened art. 12(4) of Federal Constitution and Guardianship of Infants Act 1961, ss. 5 & 11
Indira Gandhi Mutho v. Pengarah Jabatan Agama Islam Perak & Ors And Other Appeals
(Zulkefli Ahmad Makinudin PCA, Richard Malanjum CJ (Sabah & Sarawak), Zainun Ali, Abu Samah Nordin, Ramly Ali FCJJ) [2018] 3 CLJ 145 [FC]

ISLAMIC LAW

Conversion to Islam - Conversion of non-Muslim children to Islam - Certificate of conversion - Certificate issued by Registrar of Muallafs - Whether valid - Whether ss. 96 & 106 of Administration of the Religion of Islam (Perak) Enactment 2004 has effect of excluding High Court's power to review issuance of certificate of conversion by Registrar of Muallafs - Requirements in ss. 96 & 106 - Whether cumulative - Language of s. 101(2) - Whether purporting to oust judicial review - Whether precluded High Court from reviewing Registrar of Muallafs' decision
Indira Gandhi Mutho v. Pengarah Jabatan Agama Islam Perak & Ors And Other Appeals
(Zulkefli Ahmad Makinudin PCA, Richard Malanjum CJ (Sabah & Sarawak), Zainun Ali, Abu Samah Nordin, Ramly Ali FCJJ) [2018] 3 CLJ 145 [FC]

Registrar of Muallafs - Statutory power - Conversion to Islam - Issuance of certificate of conversion - Exercise of powers thereof - Legal limits to exercise of legal powers thereof - Validity of Certificate of Conversion - Whether ss. 96 & 106 of Administration of the Religion of Islam (Perak) Enactment 2004 has effect of excluding High Court's power to review issuance of certificate of conversion by Registrar of Muallafs - Requirements in ss. 96 & 106 - Whether cumulative - Language of s. 101(2) - Whether purporting to oust judicial review - Whether precluded High Court from reviewing Registrar of Muallafs' decision
Indira Gandhi Mutho v. Pengarah Jabatan Agama Islam Perak & Ors And Other Appeals
(Zulkefli Ahmad Makinudin PCA, Richard Malanjum CJ (Sabah & Sarawak), Zainun Ali, Abu Samah Nordin, Ramly Ali FCJJ) [2018] 3 CLJ 145 [FC]

JURISDICTION

Syariah court - Conversion to Islam - Conversion of non-Muslim children to Islam - Certificate of conversion - Issues on conversion - Validity - Whether within jurisdiction of Syariah court - Whether within realm of constitutional and administrative law - Whether should jurisdictionally be triable before civil court - Administration of Religion of Islam (Perak) Enactment 2004, s. 50(3)(b) - Proper interpretation - Whether conferring jurisdiction to Syariah Court to determine validity of a person's conversion to Islam - Federal Constitution, arts. 8(2), 12(4)
Indira Gandhi Mutho v. Pengarah Jabatan Agama Islam Perak & Ors And Other Appeals
(Zulkefli Ahmad Makinudin PCA, Richard Malanjum CJ (Sabah & Sarawak), Zainun Ali, Abu Samah Nordin, Ramly Ali FCJJ) [2018] 3 CLJ 145 [FC]

PREVENTIVE DETENTION

Police supervision order - Procedure - Whether complied with - Issuance of direction that applicant be registered under s. 12(1) of Prevention of Crime Act 1959 ('PCA') - Whether Prevention of Crime Board satisfied itself under s. 15(1) of PCA before making direction to order police supervision - Whether abuse of s. 15(1) of PCA - Whether police supervision order ought to be set aside
Mohamad Shahid Ahmad v. Dato' Mohamad Fazin Mahmud & Ors
(Kamaludin Md Said J) [2018] 3 CLJ 268 [HC]

ROAD TRAFFIC

Accident - Appeal against quantum and liability - Collision between motorcycle and bicycle ridden by minor - Motorcycle rider familiar with road and area - Whether motorcycle rider's narration of events credible - Minor suffered injuries and sued through parent - Whether liability ought to be imputed wholly on motorcycle rider - Whether minor could be imputed with liability - Whether minor's parent ought to be held accountable and culpable for not monitoring minor - Whether damages awarded to minor excessive
Azman Sulaiman v. Muhammad Aqil Afdhal Ruslan (A Child Suing Through His Father And Next Friend; Ruslan Disa) & Anor
(Azmi Abdullah JC) [2018] 3 CLJ 241 [HC]

TORT

Defamation - Slander - Words uttered during speech - Plain and ordinary meaning of words - Whether slanderous of complainant - Whether words complained of bore lesser meaning - Whether defences of justification, partial justification, fair comment, qualified privilege and estoppel available to maker of statement
Dato' Seri Anwar Ibrahim v. Khairy Jamaluddin
(Azizul Azmi Adnan J) [2018] 3 CLJ 250 [HC]

INDEKS PERKARA

UNDANG-UNDANG JENAYAH

Akta Dadah Berbahaya 1952 - Seksyen 39B(1)(a) - Pertuduhan mengedar dadah jenis methamphetamine seberat 1,525g - Tertuduh ditangkap di lapangan terbang kerana disyaki memiliki dadah di dalam begnya - Pembelaan - Tertuduh menafikan milikan beg - Rakaman percakapan - Sama ada dipertimbangkan oleh hakim bicara - Sama ada kegagalan mempertimbangkan rakaman percakapan memudaratkan kes pendakwaan - Sama ada sabitan dan hukuman selamat - Kanun Tatacara Jenayah, s. 182A(1)
Derrick Randall lwn. PP
(Mohd Zawawi Salleh, Ahmadi Asnawi, Kamardin Hashim HHMR) [2018] 3 CLJ 212 [CA]


ARTICLES

LNS Article(s)

  1. KEDUDUKAN KETERANGAN YANG DIPEROLEH SECARA TIDAK SAH DALAM KES-KES JENAYAH DI MALAYSIA [Read excerpt]
    RAMALINGGAM RAJAMANICKAM[i] AHMAD AZAM MOHD SHARIFF[ii] ALYA IZZATI AZAHAR SHAH[iii] MOHD AMIN ARSAN[iv] ATHIRAH NUR 'ALIA DAZALAN[v] HO XIN YING[vi] MANIMALA MOORTHY[vii] NIK SHAMIERA ADNAN[viii] [2018] 1 LNS(A) xxi

  2. [2018] 1 LNS(A) xxi
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    MALAYSIA

    KEDUDUKAN KETERANGAN YANG DIPEROLEH SECARA TIDAK SAH DALAM KES-KES JENAYAH DI MALAYSIA

    RAMALINGGAM RAJAMANICKAM[i] AHMAD AZAM MOHD SHARIFF[ii]
    ALYA IZZATI AZAHAR SHAH[iii] MOHD AMIN ARSAN[iv]
    ATHIRAH NUR 'ALIA DAZALAN[v] HO XIN YING[vi]
    MANIMALA MOORTHY[vii] NIK SHAMIERA ADNAN[viii]

    ABSTRAK

    Keterangan memainkan peranan yang signifikan dalam perbicaraan dan penyelesaian kes-kes jenayah. Tanpa keterangan yang mencukupi, seseorang tidak boleh disabitkan dengan kesalahan yang dipertuduh ke atasnya. Lantaran itu, pihak penguat kuasa akan berusaha sedaya upaya untuk mengumpul sebanyak mungkin bahan bukti yang boleh membantu dan mengukuhkan pembuktian kes jenayah yang berlaku. Adakalanya, bahan bukti yang dikumpul oleh pasukan penyiasat dalam sesuatu kes diperoleh tanpa kebenaran atau kerelaan daripada tertuduh. Ini bermakna keterangan itu diperoleh secara tidak sah (illegally obtained evidence) oleh pasukan penyiasat. Persoalannya, adakah keterangan yang diperoleh tanpa kebenaran atau kerelaan tertuduh boleh diterima oleh mahkamah dalam sesuatu kes? Sejauh manakah mahkamah boleh menolak keterangan tersebut atas dasar ia diperoleh secara tidak sah?

    . . .

    [i] Pensyarah Kanan, Fakulti Undang-undang, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia (UKM). E-mel: rama@ukm.edu.my.

    [ii] Profesor Madya, Fakulti Undang-undang, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia (UKM). E-mel: aazam@ukm.edu.my.

    [iii] Pelajar Prasiswazah, Fakulti Undang-undang, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia (UKM). E-mel: alyaizzati.shah@gmail.com.

    [iv] Pelajar Prasiswazah, Fakulti Undang-undang, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia (UKM). E-mel: amin.arsanhrp@gmail.com.

    [v] Pelajar Prasiswazah, Fakulti Undang-undang, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia (UKM). E-mel: tyradaz95@gmail.com.

    [vi] Pelajar Prasiswazah, Fakulti Undang-undang, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia (UKM). E-mel: h_xinying@yahoo.com.

    [vii] Pelajar Prasiswazah, Fakulti Undang-undang, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia (UKM). E-mel: manimalamoorthy20@gmail.com.

    [viii] Pelajar Prasiswazah, Fakulti Undang-undang, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia (UKM). E-mel: niksham iera@gmail.com


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  3. ANALYSIS OF THE PRESIDENTIAL POWER OF CLEMENCY UNDER THE 1999 NIGERIAN CONSTITUTION:
    A CASE FOR THE EXCLUSION OF CORRUPTION CONVICTIONS
    [Read excerpt]
    PROF. BIBOBRA BELLO ORUBEBE* [2018] 1 LNS(A) xxii

  4. [2018] 1 LNS(A) xxii
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    NIGERIA

    ANALYSIS OF THE PRESIDENTIAL POWER OF CLEMENCY UNDER THE 1999 NIGERIAN CONSTITUTION:
    A CASE FOR THE EXCLUSION OF CORRUPTION CONVICTIONS


    PROF. BIBOBRA BELLO ORUBEBE*

    Abstract

    This paper reviews the Nigerian constitutional framework and practice of the presidential power of clemency or pardon and the need to exclude corruption-related cases. The root causes of abuse of power in the Nigeria political governance process of presidential clemency. The use of the sovereign theory-based power has raised genuine doubts in recent years. To improve the effectiveness of the exercise of the power of clemency or pardon, the paper surveys the origins of the power; examines the current imperatives of the use of the power of clemency in Nigeria, provides a comparative overview in the United States of America, identifies inadequacies in the Nigerian constitution, and proposes some suggestions: (i) Judicial review (ii) Development of a stringent legal criteria for the exercise of the power (iii) Comprehensive overhaul of criminal justice processes, particularly sentencing (iv) Constitutional amendment to exclude corruption matters from within the ambit of the presidential powers of clemency.

    . . .

    * Prof. Bibobra Bello Orubebe, F.A.I.R, LL.B (Hons) BL, LL.M and Doctor of Juridical Science. Provost/Dean Novena College of Law. P M B 2 Kwale, Ogume Delta State Nigeria.


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CLJ Article(s)

  1. Limitation Period For The Recovery Of Arrears Of Assessment Rates:
    Revisiting The Decision In Majlis Perbandaran Pulau Pinang v. Tropiland Sdn Bhd
    [Read excerpt]
    Elina Mohd*, Zainal Amin Ayub** & Haslinda Mohd Anuar*** [2018] 3 CLJ(A) i

  2. [2018] 3 CLJ(A) i
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    MALAYSIA

    Limitation Period For The Recovery Of Arrears Of Assessment Rates:
    Revisiting The Decision In Majlis Perbandaran Pulau Pinang v. Tropiland Sdn Bhd


    Elina Mohd*, Zainal Amin Ayub** & Haslinda Mohd Anuar***

    In Malaysia, the period of limitation to recover any sum recoverable by virtue of any written law other than a penalty or forfeiture or of a sum by way of penalty or forfeiture is governed by the provisions of the Limitation Act 1953 ('the Act'). Section 6(1)(d) of the Act stipulates as follows:

    (1) Save as hereinafter provided the following actions shall not be brought after the expiration of six years from the date on which the cause of action accrued, that is to say:

    (d) actions to recover any sum recoverable by virtue of any written law other than a penalty or forfeiture or of a sum by way of penalty or forfeiture.

    Section 6(1)(d) has the following two limbs:

    (i) an action to recover any sum recoverable by virtue of any written law shall not be brought after the expiration of six years from the date on which the cause of action accrued; and

    (ii) an action to recover penalty or forfeiture or of a sum by way of penalty or forfeiture is not subjected to recover within six years.

    The law on limitation of an action to recover any sum recoverable by virtue of any written law, which shall not be brought after the expiration of six years from the date on which the cause of action accrued, has been highlighted in the leading case of Majlis Perbandaran Pulau Pinang v. Tropiland Sdn Bhd ('Majlis Perbandaran Pulau Pinang')[1]. The principle is that the action to recover the arrears of the assessment rates is not barred by the Act.

    . . .

    * Legal Department, Majlis Bandaraya Alor Setar.

    ** School of Law, Universiti Utara Malaysia.

    *** School of Law, Universiti Utara Malaysia.


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LEGISLATION HIGHLIGHTS

Principal Acts

Number Title In force from Repealing
ACT 801 Finance (No. 2) Act 2017 As provided in the Act except s 20 - 23; 1 January 2018 [PU(B) 610/2017] - s 20, 21 and 23; 1 October 2018 [PU(B) 610/2017] - s 22 -
ACT 800 Employment Insurance System Act 2017 1 January 2018 [PU(B) 606/2017] -
ACT 799 Malaysian Border Security Agency Act 2017 29 December 2017 [PU(B) 595/2017] -
ACT 798 Local Authorities (Conditions of Service) Act 1964 (Revised 2017) 15 November 2017 pursuant to paragraph 6(1)(xxiii) of the Revision of Laws Act 1968 [Act 1]; Revised up to 1 November 2017; First enacted in 1968 as Act of Parliament No 9 of 1964 -
ACT 797 Sabah Ports Authority (Consequential Provisions) Act 1968 (Revised 2017) 15 November 2017 pursuant to paragraph 6(1)(xxiii) of the Revision of Laws Act 1968 [Act 1]; Revised up to 1 November 2017; First enacted in 1968 as Act No 25 of 1968 -

Amending Acts

Number Title In force from Principal/Amending Act No
ACT A1563 Arbitration (Amendment) Act 2018 28 February 2018 [PU(B) 101/2018] ACT 646
ACT A1562 Tourism Industry (Amendment) Act 2018 Not Yet In Force ACT 482
ACT A1561 Malaysian Maritime Enforcement Agency (Amendment) Act 2018 11 January 2018 ACT 633
ACT A1560 Intellectual Property Corporation of Malaysia (Amendment) Act 2018 11 January 2018 ACT 617
ACT A1559 Malaysian Aviation Commission (Amendment) Act 2018 9 February 2018 [PU(B) 66/2018] ACT 771

PU(A)

Number Title Date of Publication In force from Principal/ Amending Act No
PU(A) 77/2018 Price Control and Anti-Profiteering (Determination of Maximum Retail Price For Petrol and Diesel) (No. 11) Order 2018 14 March 2018 15 March 2018 ACT 723
PU(A) 76/2018 Federal Roads (Felda Scheme) (Amendment) Order 2018 14 March 2018 15 March 2018 PU(A) 449/1991
PU(A) 75/2018 Standards of Malaysia (Fees) Regulations 2018 13 March 2018 1 January 2019 ACT 549
PU(A) 74/2018 Passports (Exemption of Visa To Holder of Passport For Public Affairs of The People's Republic of China) Order 2018 8 March 2018 5 January 2018 to 31 December 2018 ACT 150
PU(A) 73/2018 Price Control and Anti-Profiteering (Determination of Maximum Retail Price For Petrol and Diesel) (No. 10) Order 2018 [revoked By PU(A) 77/2018] 7 March 2018 8 March 2018 ACT 723

PU(B)

Number Title Date of Publication In force from Principal/ Amending Act No
PU(B) 127/2018 Appointment of Date of Coming Into Operation 14 March 2018 15 March 2018 ACT A1558
PU(B) 126/2018 Notification of Values of Crude Petroleum Oil Under Section 12 14 March 2018 15 March 2018 to 28 March 2018 ACT 235
PU(B) 125/2018 Notice Regarding The Supplementary Electoral Roll For The Fourth Quarter of The Year 2017 (No. 6) That Has Been Certified 13 March 2018 14 March 2018 PU(A) 293/2002
PU(B) 124/2018 Notice To Third Parties 13 March 2018 14 March 2018 ACT 613
PU(B) 123/2018 Prescription of Recognized Professional Body 13 March 2018 15 March 2018 ACT 777

Legislation Alert

Updated

Act/Principal No. Title Amended by In force from Section amended
ACT 234 Dangerous Drugs Act 1952 (Revised 1980) ACT A1558 15 March 2018 [PU(B) 127/2018] Section 39B
ACT 147 Veterinary Surgeons Act 1974 PU(A) 66/2018 2 March 2018 Second Schedule
ACT 3 Civil Aviation Act 1969 ACT A1526 19 February 2018 [PU(B) 89/2018] Section 2, 2A, 2B, 2C, 2D, 3, 4, 6, 6A - 6O, 7, 16, 24A, 24E, 24H, 24J, 24K, 24LA, 24LD, 24LE, 24LG, 24LI, 24M, 24MA, 24N, 24O, 24P and 24Q
PU(A) 376/1995 Rules of the Federal Court 1995 PU(A) 25/2018 1 March 2018 Rules 3, 12, 20, 21A, 21B, 31, 33, 34, 36, 39, 47, 49, 56, 57, 66, 75, 76, 79, 80, 90, 91, 96, 99, 107; Second Schedule
PU(A) 524/1994 Rules of the Court of Appeal 1994 PU(A) 26/2018 1 March 2018 Rules 12, 17, 18, 26, 28A, 28B, 32, 36, Part V; First and Second Schedule

Revoked

Act/Principal No. Title Revoked by In force from
PU(A) 429/2017 Passports (Exemption of Visa to Holder of Passport For Public Affairs of the People's Republic of China) Order 2017 PU(A) 74/2018 5 January 2018 to 31 December 2018
PU(A) 214/1981 Private Employment Agencies Regulations 1981 PU(A) 16/2018 1 February 2018
PU(A) 79/2015 Price Control and Anti-Profiteering (Marking of Service Charge For Hotel and Restaurant) Order 2015 PU(A) 9/2018 25 January 2018
PU(B) 174/2017 Appointment of Date of Coming Into Operation of Rent of Parcel Or Provisional Block PU(B) 611/2017 30 December 2017
PU(B) 133/2015 Appointment of Member of the Competition Commission PU(B) 585/2017 1 October 2017 to 30 September 2020