CLJ Bulletin, Issue 2012, Vol 8

                                                                                                                                                                                                           24 February 2012

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New This Week 1. Case Of The Week
2. Latest Cases
    a) Legal Network Series
    b) CLJ Volume 1 (Part 6) 2012
3. Articles
      a) Legal Network Series Articles
4. Legislation Highlights

CASE OF THE WEEK

AHLI-AHLI SURUHANJAYA YANG MEMBENTUK SURUHANJAYA SIASATAN MENGENAI RAKAMAN KLIP VIDEO YANG MENGANDUNGI IMEJ SEORANG YANG DIKATAKAN PEGUAMBELA DAN PEGUAMCARA BERBUAL MELALUI TELEFON MENGENAI URUSAN PELANTIKAN HAKIM-HAKIM v. TUN DATO' SERI AHMAD FAIRUZ DATO' SHEIKH ABDUL HALIM & OTHER APPEALS

ADMINISTRATIVE LAW: Judicial review - Remedies - Certiorari - Application to quash findings of the Royal Commission of Enquiry set up under s. 2 of the Commission of Enquiry Act 1950 - Whether findings and recommendations reviewable under O. 53 r. 2(4) Rules of the High Court 1980 - Whether against public policy to allow findings of Commission to be challenged in the courts


2. Latest Cases

a) Legal Network Series

CITATION TITLE SUBJECT
[2011] 1 LNS 120 [HC] Liew Siew Jin v. Liu Nyong Ann & Ors

CIVIL PROCEDURE: Consent judgment - Setting aside - Plaintiff claiming emotional distress on day consent judgment signed - Change of mind - Application made months out of time - Finality in litigation - Whether requirements necessary for setting aside consent judgment met

[2011] 1 LNS 124 [HC] Malayan Banking Berhad & Ors v. Malaysian Trustees Berhad

CIVIL PROCEDURE: Judgment and orders - Perfected order - Order made inter partes between plaintiffs and defendant - Interveners' application to intervene to set aside Order - Whether an intervener application under the Rules of the High Court 1980 O. 15 r. 16 could succeed when order was final between plaintiff and defendant - Whether failure of plaintiff to name applicant and obtain order was a nullity ab initio - Whether court was functus officio

CIVIL PROCEDURE: Judgment and orders - Perfected order - Ex parte order - Whether order made was an ex-parte order and consequently could be set-aside ab initio - Order made in the presence of plaintiff and defendant - Whether order became ex-parte because some interested and necessary party not present

[2011] 1 LNS 141 [HC] PP v. Jee Chai Foo

CRIMINAL LAW: Penal Code - ss. 302, 324 - Murder and voluntarily causing hurt - Ingredients of 1st and 2nd charge and element of common intention established - Whether prosecution established a prima facie case against accused on both charges - Inconsistencies - Whether a reasonable doubt raised in prosecution's case - Whether prosecution had established case on both charges beyond reasonable doubt

CRIMINAL PROCEDURE: Accused - Unsworn statement from dock - Mere denial - Whether raised a reasonable doubt on prosecution's case on both charges

[2011] 1 LNS 279 [HC] Teknik Datasaab Sdn Bhd v. Denko Industrial Corporation Berhad

CIVIL PROCEDURE: Striking out - Action - Judgment secured by defendant for damages for breach of warranty pursuant to sale and purchase agreement - Whether defendants entitled to judgment sum or holding same for plaintiff's benefit - Whether plaintiff was beneficiary of the bank guarantee and profit indemnity - Whether a constructive trust existed between defendant and plaintiff - Whether plaintiff had a cause of action against defendant

[2011] 1 LNS 391 [HC] Alfredo Pakkal v. Deputy Minister Of Home Affairs, Malaysia & Ors

CRIMINAL PROCEDURE: Habeas corpus - Application for habeas corpus - Deputy Minister's error in referring to wrong exhibit i.e. NB-1 in his affidavit as detention order - Whether there was procedural non-compliance with s. 6(1) of the Dangerous Drugs (Special Preventive Measures) Act 1985 as Deputy Minister did not fully apply his mind in issuing detention order against applicant - Whether only a minor error or constituted non-compliance of "any procedural requirement" in s. 11C(1) - Whether applicant denied his constitutional right to engage counsel of his choice - Whether applicant abandoned his right and initial wish to be represented by a counsel of his choice during sitting of Advisory Board

^^

b. CLJ Volume 1 (Part 6) 2012

COURT

Haridas Subramaniam & Anor v. PP
Abdul Malik Ishak, Sulong Matjeraie, Azhar Ma'ah JJCA
(Criminal Law; Criminal Procedure - Penal Code - Section 304(a) - Culpable homicide not amounting to murder - Whether a severe deterrent sentence should be imposed) [2012] 1 CLJ 693 [CA]

ABP Perfab (M) Sdn Bhd lwn. Nationwide Express Courier Services Bhd
Umi Kalthum Abd Majid PK
(Kontrak; Pengangkutan Melalui Udara Dan Darat - Pengangkutan barang - Liabiliti pengangkut - Syarikat pengangkut gagal menyerah konsainan pada masa yang ditetapkan - Kerugian kepada plaintif) [2012] 1 CLJ 704 [HC]

Irwan Amat v. PP
Ahmad Maarop, Sulaiman Daud, Balia Yusof Wahi JJCA
(Criminal Law; Evidence - Murder - Conviction and sentence - Appeal against - Dying declaration - Admissibility) [2012] 1 CLJ 712 [CA]

Koperasi Mahadaya Bhd v. Koperasi Polis Diraja Malaysia Bhd & Anor And Another Appeal
Low Hop Bing, Abu Samah Nordin JJCA, Azahar Mohamed
(Contract - Sale and purchase agreement - Deposit - Forfeiture) [2012] 1 CLJ 724 [CA]

Nicholas Mujah Ason & Ors v. Hock Tong Hin Sawmill Co Bhd & Ors
Rhodzariah Bujang JC
(Native Law And Custom - Land dispute - Native customary rights) [2012] 1 CLJ 749 [HC]

Noorfadilla Ahmad Saikin v. Chayed Basirun & Ors
Zaleha Yusof J
(Civil Procedure; Constitutional Law - Fundamental liberties - Revocation of appointment on grounds of pregnancy - Whether amounted to gender discrimination - Whether defendants acted in violation of art. 8(2) of the Federal Constitution) [2012] 1 CLJ 769 [HC]

Siti Hasnah Vangarama Abdullah lwn. Tun Dr Mahathir Mohamed (Sebagai Yang Di Pertua Pertubuhan Kebajikan Islam Malaysia Perkim) & Yang Lain
Yaacob Md Sam PK
(Undang-Undang Islam; Prosedur Sivil - Bidang kuasa - Mahkamah Tinggi - Isu keislaman plaintif - Sama ada plaintif telah memeluk agama Islam dengan betul - Sama ada deklarasi-deklarasi dipohon sepatutnya diputuskan di Mahkamah Syariah) [2012] 1 CLJ 786 [HC]

SUBJECT INDEX

CIVIL PROCEDURE

Locus standi - Declaratory relief - Plaintiff sought to assert rights to legal status - Whether declaration proper form of relief - Whether in line with s. 41 of the Specific Relief Act 1950
Noorfadilla Ahmad Saikin v. Chayed Basirun & Ors
(Zaleha Yusof J) [2012] 1 CLJ 769 [HC]

CONSTITUTIONAL LAW

Fundamental liberties - Equality before the law - Revocation of appointment on grounds of pregnancy - Whether amounted to gender discrimination - Definition of 'equality' - Whether court could refer to the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW) - Whether principle of reasonable classification applicable
Noorfadilla Ahmad Saikin v. Chayed Basirun & Ors
(Zaleha Yusof J) [2012] 1 CLJ 769 [HC]

Interpretation - Equality - Revocation of appointment on grounds of pregnancy - Whether in contravention of plaintiff's rights - Whether defendants acted in violation of art. 8(2) of the Federal Constitution - Beatrice Fernandez v. Sistem Penerbangan Malaysia & Anor
Noorfadilla Ahmad Saikin v. Chayed Basirun & Ors
(Zaleha Yusof J) [2012] 1 CLJ 769 [HC]

CONTRACT

Deposit - Forfeiture - Contract for sale of land at RM1.4m - RM1m paid as 'deposit and part payment' of purchase price - Vendor allowed to forfeit RM500,000 if buyer failed to pay balance purchase price - Whether RM500,000 true deposit - Whether figure should be 10% of purchase price - Contract frustrated and impossible to perform - Whether monies paid before frustration recoverable - Fraudulent transfer by purchaser before balance purchase price paid - Whether title liable to be set aside - National Land Code 1965, s. 340 - Civil Law Act 1956, s. 15(1) and (2) - Contracts Act 1950, s. 75
Koperasi Mahadaya Bhd v. Koperasi Polis Diraja Malaysia Bhd & Anor And Another Appeal
(Low Hop Bing, Abu Samah Nordin JJCA, Azahar Mohamed J) [2012] 1 CLJ 724 [CA]

Sale and purchase agreement - Deposit - Forfeiture - Contract for sale of land at RM1.4m - RM1m paid as 'deposit and part payment' of purchase price - Vendor allowed to forfeit RM500,000 if buyer failed to pay balance purchase price - Whether RM500,000 true deposit - Whether figure should be 10% of purchase price - Contract frustrated and impossible to perform - Whether monies paid before frustration recoverable - Fraudulent transfer by purchaser before balance purchase price paid - Whether title liable to be set aside - National Land Code 1965, s. 340 - Civil Law Act 1956, s. 15(1) and (2) - Contracts Act 1950, s. 75
Koperasi Mahadaya Bhd v. Koperasi Polis Diraja Malaysia Bhd & Anor And Another Appeal
(Low Hop Bing, Abu Samah Nordin JJCA, Azahar Mohamed J) [2012] 1 CLJ 724 [CA]

CRIMINAL LAW

Penal Code - Section 304(a) - Culpable homicide not amounting to murder - Deceased mercilessly attacked and fatally wounded for no apparent reason - Whether offence serious and required exemplary punishment - Plea of guilty - Whether appellants entitled to a discount - Whether a severe deterrent sentence should be imposed - Public consideration - Sentence to reflect gravity of offence - Whether High Court Judge correct in imposing on each appellant a term of twenty years' imprisonment
Haridas Subramaniam & Anor v. PP
(Abdul Malik Ishak, Sulong Matjeraie, Azhar Ma'ah JJCA) [2012] 1 CLJ 693 [CA]

Murder - Conviction and sentence - Appeal against - Whether death caused by accused - Whether injuries inflicted with intention of killing deceased - Corroboration of eye witnesses - Sufficient evidence showing accused as person stabbing the deceased - Appellant's conduct of absconding - Whether indicative of a guilty mind - Evidence Act 1950, s. 8 - Whether prosecution proved a prima facie case of murder against appellant
Irwan Amat v. PP
(Ahmad Maarop, Sulaiman Daud, Balia Yusof Wahi JJCA) [2012] 1 CLJ 712 [CA]

CRIMINAL PROCEDURE

Sentence - Appeal against - Culpable homicide not amounting to murder - Penal Code, s. 304(a) - Deceased mercilessly attacked and fatally wounded for no apparent reason - Whether offence serious and required exemplary punishment - Plea of guilty - Whether appellants entitled to a discount - Whether a severe deterrent sentence should be imposed - Public consideration - Sentence to reflect gravity of offence - Whether High Court Judge correct in imposing on each appellant a term of twenty years' imprisonment
Haridas Subramaniam & Anor v. PP
(Abdul Malik Ishak, Sulong Matjeraie, Azhar Ma'ah JJCA) [2012] 1 CLJ 693 [CA]

EVIDENCE

Dying declaration - Admissibility - Deceased identifying accused as his attacker - Whether trial judge correct in admitting evidence - Evidence Act 1950, s. 32(1)(a)
Irwan Amat v. PP
(Ahmad Maarop, Sulaiman Daud, Balia Yusof Wahi JJCA) [2012] 1 CLJ 712 [CA]

NATIVE LAW AND CUSTOM

Land dispute - Native customary rights - Whether plaintiffs having native customary rights over Bukit Berdiri and Stika forests in Simunjan, Sarawak - Logging activities of timber companies - Whether encroaching into communal land - Construction of rail line - Whether resulting in serious damage to plaintiffs' livelihood - Damages - Whether plaintiffs entitled to damages for trespass
Nicholas Mujah Ason & Ors v. Hock Tong Hin Sawmill Co Bhd & Ors
(Rhodzariah Bujang JC) [2012] 1 CLJ 749 [HC]

INDEKS PERKARA

KONTRAK

Mungkir - Pengangkutan barang - Liabiliti pengangkut - Syarikat pengangkut gagal menyerah konsainan pada masa yang ditetapkan - Kerugian kepada plaintif - Syarat terdahulu penerimaan konsainan - Peruntukan kl.-kl. 10 & 11 "Standard Conditions of Carriage" ("Standard Conditions") - Liabiliti pengangkut terhad kepada RM200 - Sama ada klausa-klausa "Standard Conditions" mengecualikan liabiliti pengangkut - Sama ada plaintif mempunyai notis berkenaan had liabiliti pengangkut - Sama ada "Standard Conditions" terpakai terhadap plaintif - Ailsa Craig Fishing Co Ltd v. Malvern Fishing Co Ltd & Anor
ABP Perfab (M) Sdn Bhd lwn. Nationwide Express Courier Services Bhd
(Umi Kalthum Abd Majid PK) [2012] 1 CLJ 704 [HC]

PENGANGKUTAN MELALUI UDARA DAN DARAT

Pengangkutan barang - Liabiliti pengangkut - Syarikat pengangkut gagal menyerah konsainan pada masa yang ditetapkan - Kerugian kepada plaintif - Syarat terdahulu penerimaan konsainan - Peruntukan kl.-kl. 10 & 11 "Standard Conditions of Carriage" ("Standard Conditions") - Liabiliti pengangkut terhad kepada RM200 - Sama ada klausa-klausa "Standard Conditions" mengecualikan liabiliti pengangkut - Sama ada plaintif mempunyai notis berkenaan had liabiliti pengangkut - Sama ada "Standard Conditions" terpakai terhadap plaintif - Ailsa Craig Fishing Co Ltd v. Malvern Fishing Co Ltd & Anor
ABP Perfab (M) Sdn Bhd lwn. Nationwide Express Courier Services Bhd
(Umi Kalthum Abd Majid PK) [2012] 1 CLJ 704 [HC]

PROSEDUR SIVIL

Pembatalan - Saman pemula - Permohonan untuk - Kaedah-kaedah Mahkamah Tinggi 1980, A. 18 k. 19 - Sama ada Mahkamah Tinggi mempunyai bidang kuasa mendengar, membicara dan memutuskan tindakan plaintif - Sama ada deklarasi-deklarasi dipohon sepatutnya diputuskan di Mahkamah Syariah - Sama ada suatu penyalahgunaan proses mahkamah
Siti Hasnah Vangarama Abdullah v. Tun Dr Mahathir Mohamed (Sebagai Yang Di Pertua Pertubuhan Kebajikan Islam Malaysia Perkim) & Yang Lain
(Yaacob Md Sam PK) [2012] 1 CLJ 786 [HC]

UNDANG-UNDANG ISLAM

Bidang Kuasa - Mahkamah Tinggi - Ibu bapa plaintif memeluk Islam apabila plaintif di bawah umur 18 belas tahun - Hak menentukan agama terletak atas ibu bapa - Sijil Akuan Masuk Islam dikeluarkan ketika plaintif berumur tujuh tahun - Pendaftaran masuk agama Islam - Alegasi terhadap - Plaintif secara paksa ditukar kepada agama Islam - Deklarasi supaya Sijil Akuan Masuk Islam terbatal dan tidak sah - Faktor-faktor untuk pertimbangan - Isu keislaman plaintif - Sama ada plaintif telah memeluk agama Islam dengan betul - Sama ada Mahkamah Tinggi mempunyai bidang kuasa mendengar, membicara dan memutuskan tindakan plaintif - Sama ada deklarasi-deklarasi dipohon sepatutnya diputuskan di Mahkamah Syariah - Perlembagaan Persekutuan, perkara 12(4)
Siti Hasnah Vangarama Abdullah v. Tun Dr Mahathir Mohamed (Sebagai Yang Di Pertua Pertubuhan Kebajikan Islam Malaysia Perkim) & Yang Lain
(Yaacob Md Sam PK) [2012] 1 CLJ 786 [HC]

^^


3. Articles

a) Legal Network Series Articles

1. Sentencing In The 21st Century [Read excerpt]
By Lord Justice Leveson*

2. Powers Of The State Director Of Land And Mines Under The Malaysian National Land Code 1965: With Special Reference To The Process Of Land Development In Malaysia [Read excerpt]
By Dr. Azlinor Sufian*

^^


4. Legislation Highlights

a) Principal Acts

NUMBER

TITLE

DATE COMING INTO FORCE

REPEALING

ACT 739 Perumahan Rakyat 1Malaysia Act 2012 Not Yet In Force - Nil -
ACT 740 Veterans Act 2012 Not Yet In Force - Nil -
ACT 741 Postal Services Act 2012 Not Yet In Force - Nil -
ACT 742 Finance Act 2012 See sections 3, 26, 30, 32 and 35 of Act 742 respectively - Nil -
ACT 743 Limited Liability Partnerships Act 2012 Not Yet In Force - Nil -

b) Amending Acts

NUMBER

TITLE

DATE COMING INTO FORCE

PRINCIPAL / AMENDING ACT NO

ACT A1311 Local Government (Amendment) Act 2007 1 September 2011 [PU(B) 488/2011] (Perlis, Kedah, Pahang, Negeri Sembilan, Malacca and Johore); 1 September 2011 [PU(B) 491/2011] (Federal Territories of Kuala Lumpur and Putrajaya) ACT 171
ACT A1414 Domestic Violence (Amendment) Act 2012 20 February 2012 [PU(B) 056/2012 ACT 521
ACT A1418 Inland Revenue Board Of Malaysia (Amendment) Act 2012 10 February 2012 (s. 2); Deemed in force 1 November 2011 (s. 3) ACT 533
ACT A1421 Police (Amendment) Act 2012 Not Yet In Force ACT 344
ACT A1422 Criminal Procedure Code (Amendment) Act 2010 (Amendment) Act 2012 Not Yet In Force ACT 593
ACT A1423 Criminal Procedure Code (Amendment) Act 2012 Not Yet In Force ACT 593
ACT A1424 Evidence (Amendment) Act 2012 Not Yet In Force ACT 56
ACT A1425 Standards Of Malaysia (Amendment) Act 2012 Not Yet In Force ACT 549

c) PU(A)

NUMBER TITLE DATE COMING INTO FORCE

PRINCIPAL / AMENDING ACT NO

PU(A) 039/2012 Customs (Values) (Crude Petroleum Oil) (No 3) Order 2012 3 February 2012 ACT 235
PU(A) 040/2012 National Visual Arts Development Board (Charges For Services Rendered By The National Visual Arts Gallery) Regulations 2012 3 February 2012 ACT 724
PU(A) 041/2012 Malaysian Cocoa Board Regulations 2012 10 February 2012 ACT 343
PU(A) 042/2012 Customs (Values) (Palm Oil) (No 7) Order 2012 13 February 2012 ACT 235
PU(A) 043/2012 Elections (Conduct Of Elections) (Amendment) Regulations 2012 13 February 2012 ACT 19

d) PU(B)

NUMBER TITLE DATE COMING INTO FORCE

PRINCIPAL / AMENDING ACT NO

PU(B) 048/2012 Notice Of Completion Of Revision And Inspection Of Supplementary Electoral Rolls - Johor 8 February 2012 ACT 19
PU(B) 049/2012 Notice Of Completion Of Revision And Inspection Of Supplementary Electoral Rolls - Wilayah Persekutuan Labuan 8 February 2012 ACT 19
PU(B) 050/2012 Notice Of Completion Of Revision And Inspection Of Supplementary Electoral Rolls - Sabah 8 February 2012 ACT 19
PU(B) 051/2012 Notice Of Completion Of Revision And Inspection Of Supplementary Electoral Rolls - Sarawak 8 February 2012 ACT 19
PU(B) 056/2012 Appointment Of Date Of Coming Into Operation Of The Domestic Violence (Amendment) Act 2012 Not Yet In Force ACT A1414

e) Latest Bills

NUMBER TITLE DATE COMING INTO FORCE

PRINCIPAL / AMENDING ACT NO

DR 44/2011 Construction Industry Payment and Adjudication Bill 2011 - -

^^


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