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Issue #7/2017
16 February 2017

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New This Week

  1. Case(s) of the Week

    1. LAI KONG LOKE & ANOR v. TING SEE LENG [2017] 2 CLJ 324

  2. Latest Cases

    1. Legal Network Series

    2. CLJ 2017 Volume 2 (Part 3)

  3. Articles

    1. LNS Article(s)

  4. Legislation Highlights

    1. Principal Acts

    2. Amending Acts

    3. PU(A)

    4. PU(B)

    5. Legislation Alert

CASE(S) OF THE WEEK

LAI KONG LOKE & ANOR v. TING SEE LENG [2017] 2 CLJ 324
HIGH COURT MALAYA, PULAU PINANG
HADHARIAH SYED ISMAIL J
[SUIT NO: PA-22 NCVC-31-02-2016]
10 OCTOBER 2016

TORT: Nuisance - Private nuisance - Parking - Neighbour parked vehicle in front or near the front of complainants' house - Allegation that neighbour caused obstruction and inconvenience to complainants - Whether neighbour's act could endanger lives of complainants and other road users - Whether complainants' enjoyment of property affected - Whether neighbour's act amounted to nuisance

TORT: Damages - Claim - Nuisance - Private nuisance - Parking - Neighbour caused obstruction and inconvenience by parking vehicle in front or near the front of complainants' house - Allegation that neighbour's conduct caused physical discomfort and mental distress to complainants - Whether neighbour's act amounted to nuisance - Whether claim for damages proved

CIVIL PROCEDURE: Injunction - Nuisance - Private nuisance - Parking - Neighbour caused obstruction and inconvenience by parking vehicle in front or near the front of complainants' house - Neighbour's conduct - Whether aggressive - Whether fit and proper case to grant injunction 


LATEST CASES

Legal Network Series

[2015] 1 LNS 1230

HARDIN & SONS SDN BHD v. KHO AH MAI (f)

LAND LAW: Caveat - Removal - Application by registered proprietor - Caveatable interest - Grounds stated in caveator's affidavit different from what was stated in statutory declaration - Failure to state with sufficient certainty in caveat as to specific estate or interest by caveator - Whether caveator had caveatable interest - Whether caveator should be permitted to adduce further grounds other than what was stated in statutory declaration - Whether contentions of caveator as contained in statutory declaration and affidavits warranted further investigation

LAND LAW: Caveat - Wrongful lodgment - Caveat was entered on whole of property - Caveator alleged to have interest in certain part of property only - Whether caveat was null and void

[2015] 1 LNS 1233

CHIENG HOCK NGIIK v. HII TOH SIONG & ORS

COMPANY LAW: Derivative action - Action taken by minority shareholder - Action brought for benefit of company - Minority shareholder requiring majority shareholder and directors to account for certain remittance made and how remittance was actually utilized - Company's annual financial statement failed to account for remittance - Absence of explanation - Several substantial cash withdrawals from company's bank account - Whether minority shareholder could institute action on behalf of company - Whether plaintiff's suspicion was justified

[2015] 1 LNS 1247

ANYIE ENG & ORS v. MINISTER OF RESOURCE PLANNING AND ENVIRONMENT & ANOR

CIVIL PROCEDURE: Disposal of action without trial - Disposal of case on point of law - Determination of constitutionality of s. 5(3) and (4) of Sarawak Land Code - Whether determination of question of constitutionality would substantially dispose of plaintiff's claim - Rules of Court 2012, O. 14A

CONSTITUTIONAL LAW: Legislation - Validity of impugned legislation - Constitutionality of ss. 5(3) and (4) of Sarawak Land Code ('SLO') - Action to challenge ministerial direction to extinguish native customary rights made pursuant to ss. 5(3) and (4) of SLO - Whether ss. 5(3) and (4) of SLO were unconstitutional – Whether ss. 5(3) and (4) of SLO were in conflict with provisions of Articles 5, 8, 13 and 153 of Federal Constitution and Article 39 of State Constitution of Sarawak - Whether ministerial directions were valid and effectual

CIVIL PROCEDURE: Declaratory relief - Action to challenge ministerial directions - Claim for compensation pursuant to ministerial direction - Whether plaintiffs fulfilled prerequisites of s. 41 of Specific Relief Act 1950 ('Act 137') - Whether plaintiffs' claims were premature in light of s. 41 of Act 137

[2016] 1 LNS 218

PP lwn. MUHAMMAD ADIB ZAKIR ZAHRI

PROSEDUR JENAYAH: Bidangkuasa mahkamah - Pemindahan kes - Pemindahan kes oleh mahkamah tinggi yang mempunyai bidangkuasa jenayah yang sama - Tertuduh dituduh dihadapan beberapa mahkamah tinggi jenayah atas kesalahan-kesalahan yang melibatkan satu transaksi yang sama - Perjalanan perbicaraan secara serentak - Saksi-saksi, pegawai penyiasat dan kertas siasatan dalam semua kes adalah sama - Sama ada wajar pertuduhan-pertuduhan terhadap tertuduh digabungkan secara bersama dan dibicarakan di satu mahkamah tinggi jenayah - Sama ada pemindahan kes memprejudiskan hak tertuduh untuk membela dirinya semasa perbicaraan

[2016] 1 LNS 205

PP lwn. SUNTHENEM NATHAN DURAI RAJU MUNIANDY

PROSEDUR JENAYAH: Hukuman - Homisid salah yang tidak terjumlah kepada membunuh - Kepentingan awam - Tertuduh memukul si mati dengan menggunakan sebatang kayu besar sehingga menyebabkan kematian si mati - Tertuduh merupakan pihak yang bertindak agresif - Sama ada kesalahan yang dilakukan oleh tertuduh adalah serius - Sama ada kepentingan awam memerlukan hukuman yang berat


CLJ 2017 Volume 2 (Part 3)

FEDERAL COURT

Ng Siew Lan v. John Lee Tsun Vui & Anor
Ahmad Maarop, Abu Samah Nordin, Zaharah Ibrahim, Aziah Ali FCJJ, Abdul Rahman Sebli JCA
(Legal Profession - Solicitors - Duty of care - Letter of disclaimer) [2017] 2 CLJ 245 [FC]

COURT OF APPEAL

Elizabeth Chin Yew Kim & Anor v. Dato' Ong Gim Huat & Other Appeals
Alizatul Khair Osman, Zabariah Mohd Yusof, Harmindar Singh Dhaliwal JJCA
(Tort - Negligence - Medical negligence - Vicarious liability) [2017] 2 CLJ 274 [CA]

Liwayway Marketing Corporation v. Oishi Group Public Company Limited
Zaharah Ibrahim, Mah Weng Kwai, Varghese George JJCA
(Intellectual Property - Trade Marks - Registered trade mark - Expungement) [2017] 2 CLJ 286 [CA]

HIGH COURT

Boon Siew Kam v. Satish Selvanathan & Ors
Yeoh Wee Siam J
(Civil Procedure - Adjournment - Application for) [2017] 2 CLJ 310 [HC]

Lai Kong Loke & Anor v. Ting See Leng
Hadhariah Syed Ismail J
(Tort; Civil Procedure - Nuisance - Private nuisance - Parking) [2017] 2 CLJ 324 [HC]

Manedar Singh Paker Singh v. ASP Mahathir Abdullah Sapawi & Ors And Other Cases
Hayatul Akmal Abdul Aziz JC
(Criminal Procedure; Constitutional Law - Fundamental liberties - Detention) [2017] 2 CLJ 338 [HC]

Tang Hak Ju v. Pengarah Tanah Dan Galian Pulau Pinang & Ors
Lim Chong Fong JC
(Civil Procedure - Contempt of court - Application to set aside leave) [2017] 2 CLJ 345 [HC]

SUBJECT INDEX

CIVIL PROCEDURE

Adjournment - Application for - Seeking adjournment after case set down for hearing - Medical condition - Letters from doctor stating plaintiff unfit to travel - Whether properly addressed to court - Whether adjournment ought to be allowed
Boon Siew Kam v. Satish Selvanathan & Ors
(Yeoh Wee Siam J) [2017] 2 CLJ 310 [HC]

Contempt of court - Application to set aside leave - Whether leave to commence committal proceedings made for collateral purpose - Non-disclosure of material facts in ex parte application for leave - Whether material and relevant - Whether there was inordinate delay in making ex parte application - Whether procedural requirement in procuring leave pursuant to O. 52 r. 3 of the Rules of Court 2012 complied with - Whether notice to show cause a condition precedent - Whether monetary judgment could be enforced by committal proceedings - Whether non-endorsement of penal notice fatal to application for leave to commit
Tang Hak Ju v. Pengarah Tanah Dan Galian Pulau Pinang & Ors
(Lim Chong Fong JC) [2017] 2 CLJ 345 [HC]

Injunction - Nuisance - Private nuisance - Parking - Neighbour caused obstruction and inconvenience by parking vehicle in front or near the front of complainants' house - Neighbour's conduct - Whether aggressive - Whether fit and proper case to grant injunction
Lai Kong Loke & Anor v. Ting See Leng
(Hadhariah Syed Ismail J) [2017] 2 CLJ 324 [HC]

Judgments and orders - Setting aside - Application to set aside leave to commence committal proceedings - Whether leave to commence committal proceedings made for collateral purpose - Non-disclosure of material facts in ex parte application for leave - Whether material and relevant - Whether there was inordinate delay in making ex parte application - Whether procedural requirement in procuring leave pursuant to O. 52 r. 3 of the Rules of Court 2012 complied with - Whether notice to show cause a condition precedent - Whether monetary judgment could be enforced by committal proceedings - Whether non-endorsement of penal notice fatal to application for leave to commit
Tang Hak Ju v. Pengarah Tanah Dan Galian Pulau Pinang & Ors
(Lim Chong Fong JC) [2017] 2 CLJ 345 [HC]

CONSTITUTIONAL LAW

Fundamental liberties - Detention - Detention at lock-up pursuant to Magistrate's remand order - Constitutionality of s. 4 of Prevention of Crime Act 1959 - Determination on legality of statute of Parliament - Whether there was pronouncement by apex court on illegality or unconstitutionality of s. 4 of Prevention of Crime Act 1959 - Federal Constitution, art. 4(3) & (4)
Manedar Singh Paker Singh v. ASP Mahathir Abdullah Sapawi & Ors And Other Cases
(Hayatul Akmal Abdul Aziz JC) [2017] 2 CLJ 338 [HC]

CRIMINAL PROCEDURE

Habeas corpus - Application - Detention at lock-up pursuant to Magistrate's remand order - Whether Magistrate clothed with authority and competency to issue remand order - Writ of habeas corpus - Whether a proper mode of proceeding to challenge detention - Whether detention lawful - Prevention of Crime Act 1959, s. 4(1)(a) - Criminal Procedure Code, ss. 307 & 323
Manedar Singh Paker Singh v. ASP Mahathir Abdullah Sapawi & Ors And Other Cases
(Hayatul Akmal Abdul Aziz JC) [2017] 2 CLJ 338 [HC]

INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY

Trade Marks - Registered trade mark - Expungement - Application to expunge from Register - Whether applicant an aggrieved person - Whether applicant proved continuous non-use of defendant's trade mark - Whether genuine intention to use trade mark shown - Special circumstances for non-use - Whether reason for non-use constitutes `special circumstances in trade' within s. 46(4) of Trade Marks Act 1976 - Whether presumption of validity a defence against attack for non-use - Trade Marks Act 1976, ss. 37, 45 & 46
Liwayway Marketing Corporation v. Oishi Group Public Company Limited
(Zaharah Ibrahim, Mah Weng Kwai, Varghese George JJCA) [2017] 2 CLJ 286 [CA]

LEGAL PROFESSION

Solicitors - Duty of care - First and second defendant acted for plaintiff in land transaction - Letter of disclaimer - Whether defendants entitled to rely on letter of disclaimer to absolve from liability and responsibility under sale and purchase agreement - Defendants' failure to disclose material facts to plaintiff at time of execution of letter of disclaimer - Whether incumbent on solicitor at time of execution of disclaimer to disclose facts which may affect client's decision - Whether letter of disclaimer void - Whether defendants in breach of contractual and fiduciary duties
Ng Siew Lan v. John Lee Tsun Vui & Anor
(Ahmad Maarop, Abu Samah Nordin, Zaharah Ibrahim, Aziah Ali FCJJ, Abdul Rahman Sebli JCA) [2017] 2 CLJ 245 [FC]

Solicitors - Duty of care - First and second defendants acted for plaintiff in land transaction - Whether defendants acted for another party regarding same land at the same time - Whether conflict of interest arose - Whether defendants dishonest in dealings with plaintiff - Failure to apply for requisite permission to transfer land - Whether gross negligence on defendants' part - Failure to disclose material facts to plaintiff - Whether disentitled defendants from relying on letter of disclaimer absolving liability and responsibility - Whether letter of disclaimer void - Whether defendants in breach of contractual and fiduciary duties
Ng Siew Lan v. John Lee Tsun Vui & Anor
(Ahmad Maarop, Abu Samah Nordin, Zaharah Ibrahim, Aziah Ali FCJJ, Abdul Rahman Sebli JCA) [2017] 2 CLJ 245 [FC]

TORT

Damages - Claim - Nuisance - Private nuisance - Parking - Neighbour caused obstruction and inconvenience by parking vehicle in front or near the front of complainants' house - Allegation that neighbour's conduct caused physical discomfort and mental distress to complainants - Whether neighbour's act amounted to nuisance - Whether claim for damages proved
Lai Kong Loke & Anor v. Ting See Leng
(Hadhariah Syed Ismail J) [2017] 2 CLJ 324 [HC]

Damages - Negligence - Medical negligence - Negligence of obstetrician/gynaecologist during delivery of infant - Whether general damages awarded appropriate - Whether aggravated and exemplary damages applicable to facts and circumstances of case
Elizabeth Chin Yew Kim & Anor v. Dato' Ong Gim Huat & Other Appeals
(Alizatul Khair Osman, Zabariah Mohd Yusof, Harmindar Singh Dhaliwal JJCA) [2017] 2 CLJ 274 [CA]

Negligence - Medical negligence - Appeal against quantum and liability - Claim against obstetrician/gynaecologist - Infant suing through mother - Infant encountered shoulder dystocia and suffered from brachial plexus injury and intellectual impairment during birth - Whether obstetrician/gynaecologist undertook necessary medical steps and techniques during delivery - Whether obstetrician/gynaecologist liable
Elizabeth Chin Yew Kim & Anor v. Dato' Ong Gim Huat & Other Appeals
(Alizatul Khair Osman, Zabariah Mohd Yusof, Harmindar Singh Dhaliwal JJCA) [2017] 2 CLJ 274 [CA]

Negligence - Medical negligence - Vicarious liability - Infant encountered shoulder dystocia and suffered from brachial plexus injury and intellectual impairment due to failure or negligence of obstetrician/gynaecologist - Whether hospital vicariously liable
Elizabeth Chin Yew Kim & Anor v. Dato' Ong Gim Huat & Other Appeals
(Alizatul Khair Osman, Zabariah Mohd Yusof, Harmindar Singh Dhaliwal JJCA) [2017] 2 CLJ 274 [CA]

Nuisance - Private nuisance - Parking - Neighbour parked vehicle in front or near the front of complainants' house - Allegation that neighbour caused obstruction and inconvenience to complainants - Whether neighbour's act could endanger lives of complainants and other road users - Whether complainants' enjoyment of property affected - Whether neighbour's act amounted to nuisance
Lai Kong Loke & Anor v. Ting See Leng
(Hadhariah Syed Ismail J) [2017] 2 CLJ 324 [HC]


ARTICLES

LNS Article(s)

  1. SHOULD THE RUKUN NEGARA BE MADE THE PREAMBLE TO THE CONSTITUTION? [Read excerpt]
    by: TUN ABDUL HAMID MOHAMAD* [2017] 1 LNS(A) xvi

  2. [2017] 1 LNS(A) xvi
    logo
    MALAYSIA

    SHOULD THE RUKUN NEGARA BE MADE THE PREAMBLE TO THE CONSTITUTION?
    by
    TUN ABDUL HAMID MOHAMAD*

    What is a preamble?

    A preamble to the Constitution is a brief introductory statement about the fundamental purpose of the Constitution and the guiding principles. It states the general intention of the founders regarding the purpose of the Constitution and what they hope will be achieved by the Constitution. Being the intention and the desire of the founders, it is usually written at the time when a Constitution is drafted.

    Examples of the preambles.

    The Federal Constitution (Malaysia) does not have a preamble. It begins with the substantive provisions of “Part 1, The States, Religion and Law of the Federation”.

    The Singapore Constitution also does not have a preamble.

    England does not even have a written Constitution.

    The Constitution of the United States has a preamble which reads as follows:

    “We the People of the United States, in Order to form a more perfect Union, establish Justice, insure domestic Tranquility, provide for the common defence, promote the general Welfare, and secure the Blessings of Liberty to ourselves and our Posterity, do ordain and establish this Constitution for the United States of America.”

    The Indian Constitutions has a longer preamble:

    . . .

    * Former Chief Justice of Malaysia (tunabdulhamid@gmail.com, http://www.tunabdulhamid.my, https:// tunabdulhamid.me).


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  3. OPENING OF THE LEGAL YEAR 2017* [Read excerpt]
    by: YAA TUN ARIFIN BIN ZAKARIA
    CHIEF JUSTICE OF MALAYSIA
    [2017] 1 LNS(A) xvii

  4. [2017] 1 LNS(A) xvii
    logo
    MALAYSIA

    OPENING OF THE LEGAL YEAR 2017*
    by
    YAA TUN ARIFIN BIN ZAKARIA
    CHIEF JUSTICE OF MALAYSIA

    BISMILLAHIRRAHMANIRRAHIM

    Assalamualaikum and Good Morning.

    Marilah kita mengucapkan syukur ke hadrat Allah S.W.T. kerana dengan limpah dan izin-Nya dapat kita berkumpul pada pagi yang mulia ini. Selawat dan salam kita panjatkan kepada Nabi Muhammad S.A.W.

    On behalf of the Judiciary, it is both a pleasure and a privilege to welcome all of you this morning to our ceremonial Opening of the Legal Year 2017. We are especially honoured to have as our guests this year:

    The Honourable Prof. Dr. H Mohammad Hatta Ali, SH, MH Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of the Republic of Indonesia

    The Honourable Prof. Dr. Arief Hidayat SH., MS. Chief Justice of the Constitutional Court of the Republic of Indonesia and Mrs. Toendjoeng Herning Sitaboeana

    The Honourable Chief Justice Sir Salamo Injia, Kt GCL Chief Justice of Papua New Guinea

    The Honourable the Chief Justice Sundaresh Menon Chief Justice of Singapore

    YB Dato’ Sri Azalina binti Othman Said Minister in the Prime Minister’s Department

    The Honourable Justice Agung Sumantha, SH., MH. Justice of the Supreme Court of Indonesia

    The Honourable Justice Nakharin Mektirat Justice of the Constitutional Court of Thailand

    YBhg. Tan Sri Dato’ Sri Khalid Abu Bakar Inspector General of Police

    . . .

    * Putrajaya International Convention Centre, 13 Jan 2017. Monday, 06 February 2017 12:26PM.


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LEGISLATION HIGHLIGHTS

Principal Acts

Number Title In force from Repealing
ACT 787 Offences Relating To Awards Act 2017 Not Yet In Force -
ACT 786 Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank Act 2017 This Act comes into operation on the date the Agreement comes into operation for the Government of Malaysia pursuant to Article 58 of the Agreement -
ACT 785 Finance Act 2017 The Income Tax Act 1967 [Act 53] see s 3; The Petroleum (Income Tax) Act 1967 [Act 543] see s 30; The Real Property Gains Tax Act 1976 [Act 169] see s 34; The Labuan Business Activity Tax Act 1990 [Act 445] see s 37; The Goods and Services Tax Act 2014 [Act 762] see s 40 -
ACT 784 Scouts Association of Malaysia (Incorporation) Act 1968 (Revised 2016) 17 November 2016 pursuant to paragraph 6(1)(xxiii) of the Revision of Laws Act 1968 [Act 1]; Revised up to 1 November 2016; First enacted in 1968 as Act of Parliament No 38 of 1968; First Revision - 1989 (Act 409 wef 14 December 1989) -
ACT 783 Statutory Declarations Act 1960 (Revised 2016) 17 November 2016 pursuant to paragraph 6(1)(xxiii) of the Revision of Laws Act 1968 [Act 1]; Revised up to 1 November 2016; First enacted in 1960 as Act No 20 of 1960; First Revision - 1969 (Act No 13 wef 14 April 1970) -

Amending Acts

Number Title In force from Principal/Amending Act No
ACT A1525 Emblems and Names (Prevention of Improper Use) (Amendment) Act 2017 Not Yet In Force ACT 414
ACT A1524 Births and Deaths Registration (Amendment) Act 2017 Not Yet In Force ACT 299
ACT A1523 Administration of Islamic Law (Federal Territories) (Amendment) Act 2017 1 February 2017 [PU(B) 67/2017] ACT 505
ACT A1522 Town and Country Planning (Amendment) Act 2017 Not Yet In Force ACT 172
ACT A1521 Criminal Procedure Code (Amendment) Act 2016 Not Yet In Force ACT 593

PU(A)

Number Title Date of Publication In force from Principal/ Amending Act No
PU(A) 50/2017 Federal Roads (West Malaysia) (Amendment) Order 2017 13 February 2017 14 February 2017 PU(A) 401/1989
PU(A) 49/2017 Lembaga Pembangunan Industri Pembinaan Malaysia (Amendment of Third Schedule) Order 2017 10 February 2017 10 February 2017 ACT 520
PU(A) 48/2017 Malaysia Deposit Insurance Corporation (Subsidiary of The Corporation) (Application) Order 2017 7 February 2017 8 February 2017 ACT 720
PU(A) 47/2017 Fees (Medical) (Amendment) Order 2017 1 February 2017 1 February 2017 PU(A) 359/1982
PU(A) 46/2017 Money Services Business (Exemption) Order 2017 31 January 2017 1 January 2017 ACT 731

PU(B)

Number Title Date of Publication In force from Principal/ Amending Act No
PU(B) 97/2017 Notification of Values of Crude Petroleum Oil Under Section 12 13 February 2017 16 February 2017 to 1 March 2017 ACT 235
PU(B) 96/2017 Appointment of Members of Council of Malaysian Qualifications Agency 10 February 2017 11 February 2017 ACT 679
PU(B) 95/2017 Revocation of Appointment of Probation Hostel 8 February 2017 9 February 2017 ACT 611
PU(B) 94/2017 Appointment Under Section 3 8 February 2017 19 January 2017 ACT 19
PU(B) 93/2017 Appointment Under Section 3 8 February 2017 19 January 2017 ACT 19

Legislation Alert

Updated

Act/Principal No. Title Amended by In force from Section amended
ACT 520 Lembaga Pembangunan Industri Pembinaan Malaysia Act 1994 PU(A) 49/2017 10 February 2017 Third Schedule
PU(A) 359/1982 Fees (Medical) Order 1982 PU(A) 47/2017 1 February 2017 Schedule B, C, D, E and F
PU(A) 459/1998 Free Zones (Exclusion of Goods and Services) Order 1998 PU(A) 39/2017 1 February 2017 Schedule
ACT 206 Arms Act 1960 (Revised 1978) PU(A) 41/2017 1 February 2017 Second Schedule
ACT 438 Free Zones Act 1990 PU(B) 60/2017 1 February 2017 First Schedule

Revoked

Act/Principal No. Title Revoked by In force from
PU(B) 27/2015 Appointment and Revocation of Appointment of Registrar of Credit Reporting Agencies PU(B) 463/2016 16 March 2016
PU(A) 61/2010 Federal Roads (Private Management) (Collection of Tolls) (Kajang-Seremban Highway) Order 2010 PU(A) 264/2016 19 October 2016
PU(A) 79/2002 Communications and Multimedia (Rates) Rules 2002 PU(A) 185/2016 1 July 2016
PU(A) 196/2003 Market (Federal Territory of Putrajaya) By-Laws 2003 PU(A) 254/2016 11 October 2016
PU(B) 99/2014 Notice of Affirmative Final Determination of An Anti-Dumping Duty Investigation With Respect to Imports of Cellulose Fibre Reinforced Cement Flat and Pattern Sheets Originating Or Exported From the Kingdom of Thailand PU(B) 401/2016 8 September 2016