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CLJ Bulletin, Issue 2017, Vol 4
26 January 2017


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New This Week

1. Case(s) of the Week

  1. AMRI IBRAHIM & ANOR v. PP [2017] 1 CLJ 617

  2. PP lwn. TAN YEAN SIANG & SATU LAGI [2017] 1 CLJ 606

2. Latest Cases

  1. Legal Network Series

  2. CLJ 2017 Volume 1 (Part 5)

  3. CLJ 2017 Volume 1 (Part 6)

3. Articles

  1. LNS Article(s)

4. Legislation Highlights

  1. Principal Acts

  2. Amending Acts

  3. PU(A)

  4. PU(B)

  5. Legislation Alert


CASE(S) OF THE WEEK

AMRI IBRAHIM & ANOR v. PP [2017] 1 CLJ 617
FEDERAL COURT, PUTRAJAYA
ARIFIN ZAKARIA CJ, ZULKEFLI AHMAD MAKINUDIN CJ (MALAYA), RICHARD MALANJUM CJ (SABAH & SARAWAK),
SURIYADI HALIM OMAR FCJ, HASAN LAH FCJ
[CRIMINAL APPEALS NO: 05-88-05-2012(B) & 05-89-05-2012(B)]
30 NOVEMBER 2016

CRIMINAL PROCEDURE: Appeal - Fact, finding of - High Court and Court of Appeal - Whether correct in rejecting defence of accused persons - Whether there were substantial and compelling reasons to depart - Whether failure to call witness attracted invocation of s. 114(g) of Evidence Act 1950 - Whether essential or material witness to prosecution - Whether discrepancy in witness evidence material - Whether affected substance of prosecution's case - Whether Federal Court agreed with findings of courts below - Whether convictions safe

EVIDENCE: Adverse inference - Failure of prosecution to call witness - Whether power of court to draw adverse inference discretionary - Whether prosecution correct in not calling witness - Whether essential or material witness to prosecution - Whether non-calling of witness left gap in prosecution's case - Evidence Act 1950, s. 114(g)

EVIDENCE: Witness - Conflicting evidence - Whether court fully competent to accept one part of testimony - Whether discrepancy in witness evidence material - Whether affected substance of prosecution's case


PP lwn. TAN YEAN SIANG & SATU LAGI [2017] 1 CLJ 606
MAHKAMAH TINGGI MALAYA, MUAR
MUHAMMAD JAMIL HUSSIN PK
[PERBICARAAN JENAYAH NO: 45B-07-09-2014]
8 NOVEMBER 2016

UNDANG-UNDANG JENAYAH: Kanun Keseksaan - Seksyen 302 - Membunuh hingga menyebabkan kematian - Kematian kanak-kanak jagaan di pusat asuhan - Sama ada elemen-elemen kesalahan berjaya dibuktikan - Sama ada si mati meninggal dunia - Sama ada kematian si mati disebabkan oleh perbuatan tertuduh-tertuduh - Sama ada perbuatan tertuduh-tertuduh yang menyebabkan kematian si mati dilakukan bawah mana-mana cabang s. 300(a), (b), (c) atau (d) Kanun Keseksaan dengan niat atau pengetahuan - Sama ada pihak pendakwaan berjaya membuktikan kes prima facie

UNDANG-UNDANG JENAYAH: Niat bersama - Kanun Keseksaan, s. 34 - Tertuduh-tertuduh dituduh membunuh hingga menyebabkan kematian di bawah s. 302 Kanun Keseksaan - Kematian kanak-kanak jagaan di pusat asuhan - Sama ada tertuduh-tertuduh mempunyai niat bersama - Sama ada terdapat perancangan awal antara tertuduh-tertuduh untuk melakukan kesalahan di bawah s. 302 Kanun Keseksaan - Sama ada elemen niat bersama berjaya dibuktikan

KETERANGAN: Saksi - Saksi kanak-kanak - Keterangan lisan saksi kanak-kanak dalam Bahasa Mandarin dirakam melalui rakaman video - Rakaman video dipindah dalam cakera padat berserta transkrip dalam Bahasa Malaysia - Sama ada transkrip bahasa asal perlu disertakan - Sama ada rakaman video dan transkrip Bahasa Malaysia boleh diterima masuk - Sama ada memenuhi kehendak s. 6 Akta Keterangan Saksi Kanak-Kanak 2007  


LATEST CASES

Legal Network Series

[2015] 1 LNS 631

PP v. ONG CHIN SOON

CRIMINAL PROCEDURE: Appeal - Appeal against acquittal - Appeal by prosecution - Acquittal of accused at end of prosecution's case - Accused charged under s. 13(a) of Poisons Act 1952 ('Act 1952') - Whether ingredients of s. 13(a) of Act 1952 proven - Whether mere fact that impugned poison was found in premises of accused could raise an inference that he had intention to sell impugned poison – Whether s. 13(a) of Act 1952 an offence of strict liability - Whether prosecution proved knowledge of nature of impugned poison and actual possession - Whether a prima facie case established

[2015] 1 LNS 668

PP v. MOHD HISHAMMUDIN MOHD RAZAK & ANOR

CRIMINAL LAW: Dangerous drugs - Trafficking - Offence under s. 39B(1)(a) of Dangerous Drugs Act 1952 ('DDA') - Possession - Drugs in black plastic bags found in a car where accused persons were caught - Accused persons not owners of car - Inference from surrounding circumstances - Whether element of possession was proven - Whether there was evidence from surrounding circumstances that could strongly suggest an inference of knowledge on part of accused

CRIMINAL LAW: Common intention - Trafficking - Participation in crime - Inference from surrounding circumstances - Presence of accused persons at crime scene - Whether element of common intention proven - Whether presence of accused persons at crime scene sufficient to raise implication of pre-planning - Whether there was evidence of communication between accused persons before commission of crime

CRIMINAL PROCEDURE: Prosecution - Prima facie case - Offence of trafficking in dangerous drugs - Drugs found in a car - Proof of common intention - Existence of more than one inference - Unsatisfactory explanation pertaining to discrepancies in charge - Contradictory evidence of prosecution's witnesses - Whether prosecution was able to produce direct or presumptive evidence to prove prima facie case - Whether prosecution was able to produce evidence to show existence of common intention among accused in participation of commission of offence - Whether inference most favourable to accused should be accepted when there was more than one inference which could reasonably be drawn from a set of facts in a criminal case

[2015] 1 LNS 1053

MEGA MAYANG M & E SDN BHD SDN BHD v. MALAGRAN RESOURCES SDN BHD

COMPANY LAW: Winding up - Stay of order - Stay of order appointing liquidator - Stay pending appeal - Special circumstances - Stay to maintain status quo - Appeal rendered nugatory if no stay granted - Whether ground for stay could be considered special circumstances - Whether stay ought to be granted

COMPANY LAW: Winding up - Locus standi - Powers of director of wound up company to affirm affidavit - Affidavit affirmed in support of application for stay of order pending appeal - Whether prior consent of liquidator was required to enable director to affirm affidavit on behalf of wound up company - Whether director still retained a residual power to appeal when a winding up order was made

[2015] 1 LNS 1148

CAPONE BERHAD & ANOR v. AKN TECHNOLOGY BHD

BANKING: Banks and banking business - Assignment - Validity of - Borrower disputed bank's decision to assign rights, title and interest in facility agreement to a company specially incorporated to issue asset-backed securities - Existence of acknowledgment of assignment by borrower - Whether borrower consented to assignment - Whether borrower was estopped from denying validity of assignment after having accepted assignment and acting on the same

BANKING: Banker and customer - Breach of agreement - Irregular payment - Customer's failure to make payment in accordance with scheme of arrangement - Customer's failure to make payment to newly assigned entity - Occurrence of event of default - Whether customer breached terms of payment - Whether there was any amount due and owing

[2015] 1 LNS 1187

MAH SING PLASTICS INDUSTRIES SDN BHD v. SEE HAU GLOBAL SDN BHD

INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY: Patent - Application for invalidation of patent - Both parties in business of manufacturing, selling and distributing pallets - Issue of novelty and obviousness not pleaded by plaintiff - Whether defendant's patent had anticipated prior arts - Whether claimed invention had been anticipated in a single document - Whether defendant's patent was novel - Whether registration of defendant's patent was in compliance with Patents Act 1983 and Patents Regulations 1986

INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY: Infringement - Patent - Both parties in business of manufacturing, selling and distributing pallets - Absence of one of the essential features or integers of the patent - Whether there was infringement of the patent


CLJ 2017 Volume 1 (Part 5)

FEDERAL COURT

Dato' Seri Anwar Ibrahim v. PP (No 2)
Zulkefli Ahmad Makinudin CJ (Malaya), Richard Malanjum CJ (Sabah & Sarawak), Hasan Lah, Abu Samah Nordin, Zaharah Ibrahim FCJJ
(Criminal Procedure; Jurisdiction - Courts - Inherent jurisdiction - Federal Court) [2017] 1 CLJ 489 [FC]

COURT OF APPEAL

Yeo Ing King v. Melawangi Sdn Bhd
Hamid Sultan Abu Backer, Abdul Rahman Sebli, Prasad Sandosham Abraham JJCA
(Civil Procedure; Tort - Defamation - Libel) [2017] 1 CLJ 512 [CA]

Gideon Tan v. Tey Por Yee & Another Appeal
Mohd Zawawi Salleh, Vernon Ong Lam Kiat, Abdul Rahman Sebli JJCA
(Civil Procedure - Affidavits - Expunging of - Application to expunge averments and exhibits in affidavit) [2017] 1 CLJ 543 [CA]

Datuk Bandar Kuala Lumpur lwn. Hasan Abd Rahman & Rayuan-Rayuan Lain
Mohd Zawawi Salleh, Vernon Ong Lam Kiat, Abdul Rahman Sebli HHMR
(Undang-undang Hasil - Cukai harta - Cukai pintu - Cukai pintu tertunggak) [2017] 1 CLJ 558 [CA]

PP v. Ebrahim Mirzaie Hj Ebrahim Deh Mokhtar
Tengku Maimun Tuan Mat, Ahmadi Asnawi, Zamani A Rahim JJCA
(Criminal Law; Criminal Procedure - Dangerous Drugs Act 1952 - Section 39B(1)(a) - Trafficking in methamphetamine) [2017] 1 CLJ 575 [CA]

HIGH COURT

Simpang Maju Enterprises Sdn Bhd v. Soh Yen Ling (As Administrator Of The Estate Of Chan Yau Seng, Deceased); Malayan Banking Bhd (Third Party)
Vazeer Alam Mydin Meera J
(Contract; Land Law; Civil Procedure - Termination - Validity - Termination of sale and purchase agreement for non-payment of balance purchase price) [2017] 1 CLJ 588 [HC]

PP lwn. Tan Yean Siang & Satu Lagi
Muhammad Jamil Hussin PK
(Undang-undang Jenayah; Keterangan - Saksi - Saksi kanak-kanak - Keterangan lisan saksi kanak-kanak dalam Bahasa Mandarin dirakam melalui rakaman video) [2017] 1 CLJ 606 [HC]

SUBJECT INDEX

CIVIL PROCEDURE

Affidavits - Expunging of - Application to expunge averments and exhibits in affidavit - Whether averments and exhibits made in breach of client-solicitor privilege - Solicitor's defence in committal proceedings - Whether created exception to rule of solicitor-client privilege - Whether proviso under s. 126 of Evidence Act 1950 applicable
Gideon Tan v. Tey Por Yee & Another Appeal
(Mohd Zawawi Salleh, Vernon Ong Lam Kiat, Abdul Rahman Sebli JJCA) [2017] 1 CLJ 543 [CA]

Documents - Agreed bundle - Classification of bundle of documents - Defamation - Parties agreed to include statement alleged to be defamatory in Part A of bundle of documents - Whether suing party deemed to have agreed not only to authenticity of documents but also to truth of contents - Whether signified agreement to truth of statements - Whether suing party estopped from disputing truth of statements - Rules of Court 2012, O. 34 r. 2(d)
Yeo Ing King v. Melawangi Sdn Bhd
(Hamid Sultan Abu Backer, Abdul Rahman Sebli, Prasad Sandosham Abraham JJCA) [2017] 1 CLJ 512 [CA]

Third party proceedings - Contribution from third party - Claim against third party (financier) for failure to disburse loan sum - Whether financier gave undertaking to pay loan sum - Whether financier breached loan agreement by failing to disburse loan sum - Whether financier breached loan agreement by unilaterally terminating loan agreement - Whether action against third party could be sustained
Simpang Maju Enterprises Sdn Bhd v. Soh Yen Ling (As Administrator Of The Estate Of Chan Yau Seng, Deceased); Malayan Banking Bhd (Third Party)
(Vazeer Alam Mydin Meera J) [2017] 1 CLJ 588 [HC]

CONTRACT

Termination - Validity - Termination of sale and purchase agreement for non-payment of balance purchase price - Third party claim against financier for failure to disburse loan sum after death of purchaser (deceased) - Whether financier gave undertaking to pay loan sum - Whether financier breached loan agreement by failing to disburse loan sum - Whether obligation to pay balance purchase price vested on estate of deceased - Whether non-payment constituted fundamental breach of sale and purchase agreement - Whether termination of sale and purchase agreement valid and lawful - Whether plaintiff entitled to revesting of property as registered and beneficial owner
Simpang Maju Enterprises Sdn Bhd v. Soh Yen Ling (As Administrator Of The Estate Of Chan Yau Seng, Deceased); Malayan Banking Bhd (Third Party)
(Vazeer Alam Mydin Meera J) [2017] 1 CLJ 588 [HC]

CRIMINAL LAW

Dangerous Drugs Act 1952 - Section 39B(1)(a) - Trafficking in methamphetamine - Appeal against acquittal - Prima facie case - Whether established - Trial judge revisited earlier findings and concluded there were still issues regarding identity and colour of bag containing drugs - Whether trial judge should direct his mind on whether evidence posited by respondent created reasonable doubt to warrant acquittal - Whether trial judge misdirected himself on different approach - Evidence of witnesses - Whether uncontroverted - Whether trial judge rejected testimonies of witnesses without assigning any reason - Whether bag containing drugs the same bag carried by accused - Whether defence of accused an afterthought - Whether appellate intervention warranted - Whether accused ought to be sentenced to death under s. 39B(2) of Dangerous Drugs Act 1952
PP v. Ebrahim Mirzaie Hj Ebrahim Deh Mokhtar
(Tengku Maimun Tuan Mat, Ahmadi Asnawi, Zamani A Rahim JJCA) [2017] 1 CLJ 575 [CA]

CRIMINAL PROCEDURE

Appeal - Appeal against acquittal - Trafficking in dangerous drugs - Prima facie case - Whether established - Trial judge revisited earlier findings and concluded there were still issues regarding identity and colour of bag containing drugs - Whether trial judge should direct his mind on whether evidence posited by respondent created reasonable doubt to warrant acquittal - Whether trial judge misdirected himself on different approach - Evidence of witnesses - Whether uncontroverted - Whether trial judge rejected testimonies of witnesses without assigning any reason - Whether bag containing drugs the same bag carried by accused - Whether defence of accused an afterthought - Whether appellate intervention warranted - Whether accused ought to be sentenced to death under s. 39B(2) of Dangerous Drugs Act 1952
PP v. Ebrahim Mirzaie Hj Ebrahim Deh Mokhtar
(Tengku Maimun Tuan Mat, Ahmadi Asnawi, Zamani A Rahim JJCA) [2017] 1 CLJ 575 [CA]

Courts - Jurisdiction - Inherent jurisdiction - Federal Court - Power to review own decision - Rules of the Federal Court 1995, r. 137 - Whether to be exercised sparingly - Whether there was basis to invoke r. 137 - Whether fit and proper case to exercise jurisdiction
Dato' Seri Anwar Ibrahim v. PP (No 2)
(Zulkefli Ahmad Makinudin CJ (Malaya), Richard Malanjum CJ (Sabah & Sarawak), Hasan Lah, Abu Samah Nordin FCJ, Zaharah Ibrahim FCJJ) [2017] 1 CLJ 489 [FC]

JURISDICTION

Courts - Jurisdiction - Inherent jurisdiction - Federal Court - Application to review own decision - Rules of the Federal Court 1995, r. 137 - Whether fit and proper case to exercise jurisdiction
Dato' Seri Anwar Ibrahim v. PP (No 2)
(Zulkefli Ahmad Makinudin CJ (Malaya), Richard Malanjum CJ (Sabah & Sarawak), Hasan Lah, Abu Samah Nordin FCJ, Zaharah Ibrahim FCJJ) [2017] 1 CLJ 489 [FC]

LAND LAW

Sale and purchase of land - Termination - Non-payment of balance purchase price - Third party claim against financier for failure to disburse loan sum after death of purchaser (deceased) - Whether financier gave undertaking to pay loan sum - Whether financier breached loan agreement by failing to disburse loan sum - Whether obligation to pay balance purchase price vested on estate of deceased - Whether non-payment constituted fundamental breach of sale and purchase agreement - Whether termination of sale and purchase agreement valid and lawful
Simpang Maju Enterprises Sdn Bhd v. Soh Yen Ling (As Administrator Of The Estate Of Chan Yau Seng, Deceased); Malayan Banking Bhd (Third Party)
(Vazeer Alam Mydin Meera J) [2017] 1 CLJ 588 [HC]

TORT

Defamation - Libel - Alleged defamatory statements contained in letters - Parties agreed to include letters in agreed bundle of documents - Whether suing party deemed to have agreed not only to authenticity of documents but also to truth of contents - Whether suing party estopped from disputing truth of statements
Yeo Ing King v. Melawangi Sdn Bhd
(Hamid Sultan Abu Backer, Abdul Rahman Sebli, Prasad Sandosham Abraham JJCA) [2017] 1 CLJ 512 [CA]

INDEKS PERKARA

KETERANGAN

Saksi - Saksi kanak-kanak - Keterangan lisan saksi kanak-kanak dalam Bahasa Mandarin dirakam melalui rakaman video - Rakaman video dipindah dalam cakera padat berserta transkrip dalam Bahasa Malaysia - Sama ada transkrip bahasa asal perlu disertakan - Sama ada rakaman video dan transkrip Bahasa Malaysia boleh diterima masuk - Sama ada memenuhi kehendak s. 6 Akta Keterangan Saksi Kanak-Kanak 2007
PP lwn. Tan Yean Siang & Satu Lagi
(Muhammad Jamil Hussin PK) [2017] 1 CLJ 606 [HC]

UNDANG-UNDANG JENAYAH

Kanun Keseksaan - Seksyen 302 - Membunuh hingga menyebabkan kematian - Kematian kanak-kanak jagaan di pusat asuhan - Sama ada elemen-elemen kesalahan berjaya dibuktikan - Sama ada si mati meninggal dunia - Sama ada kematian si mati disebabkan oleh perbuatan tertuduh-tertuduh - Sama ada perbuatan tertuduh-tertuduh yang menyebabkan kematian si mati dilakukan bawah mana-mana cabang s. 300(a), (b), (c) atau (d) Kanun Keseksaan dengan niat atau pengetahuan - Sama ada pihak pendakwaan berjaya membuktikan kes prima facie
PP lwn. Tan Yean Siang & Satu Lagi
(Muhammad Jamil Hussin PK) [2017] 1 CLJ 606 [HC]

Niat bersama - Kanun Keseksaan, s. 34 - Tertuduh-tertuduh dituduh membunuh hingga menyebabkan kematian di bawah s. 302 Kanun Keseksaan - Kematian kanak-kanak jagaan di pusat asuhan - Sama ada tertuduh-tertuduh mempunyai niat bersama - Sama ada terdapat perancangan awal antara tertuduh-tertuduh untuk melakukan kesalahan di bawah s. 302 Kanun Keseksaan - Sama ada elemen niat bersama berjaya dibuktikan
PP lwn. Tan Yean Siang & Satu Lagi
(Muhammad Jamil Hussin PK) [2017] 1 CLJ 606 [HC]

UNDANG-UNDANG HASIL

Cukai harta - Cukai pintu - Cukai pintu tertunggak - Sama ada kadar taksiran tertunggak yang dituntut tepat - Sama ada terdapat bukti prima facie untuk membuktikan kadar taksiran tertunggak - Sama ada peruntukan s. 148 Akta Kerajaan Tempatan 1976 dipatuhi - 'Pendapat' yang dibentuk oleh pegawai yang melaksanakan waran - Sama ada hartanah berkunci, kosong dan tidak berpenghuni - Sama ada 'pendapat' yang dibentuk oleh pegawai yang melaksanakan waran di bawah proviso kepada s. 148(2) Akta 1976 boleh disemak semula oleh mahkamah - Sama ada senarai inventori perlu disediakan
Datuk Bandar Kuala Lumpur lwn. Hasan Abd Rahman & Rayuan-Rayuan Lain
(Mohd Zawawi Salleh, Vernon Ong Lam Kiat, Abdul Rahman Sebli HHMR) [2017] 1 CLJ 558 [CA]


CLJ 2017 Volume 1 (Part 6)

FEDERAL COURT

Amri Ibrahim & Anor v. PP
Arifin Zakaria CJ, Zulkefli Ahmad Makinudin CJ (Malaya), Richard Malanjum CJ (Sabah & Sarawak), Suriyadi Halim Omar, Hasan Lah FCJJ)
(Criminal Procedure; Evidence - Appeal - Fact, finding of - Failure of prosecution to call witness - Whether attracted invocation of s. 114(g) of Evidence Act 1950) [2017] 1 CLJ 617 [FC]

COURT OF APPEAL

Abdul Rahim Suleiman & Anor v. Faridah Md Lazim & Ors
Rohana Yusuf, Idrus Harun, Mary Lim JJCA)
(Company Law - Directors - Proceedings on behalf of company - Leave of court) [2017] 1 CLJ 633 [CA]

PP v. Bayati Heidar
Tengku Maimun Tuan Mat, Idrus Harun, Ab Karim Ab Jalil JJCA
(Criminal Procedure - Appeal against acquittal and discharge - Whether defence successfully raised reasonable doubt on element of knowledge) [2017] 1 CLJ 669 [CA]

View Esteem Sdn Bhd v. Bina Puri Holdings Bhd
Hamid Sultan Abu Backer, Prasad Sandosham Abraham, Asmabi Mohamad JJCA
(Construction Law - Application to set aside award of adjudicator - Challenging jurisdiction of adjudicator - Whether single application to set aside adjudicating order and stay of adjudication decision flawed) [2017] 1 CLJ 677 [CA]

HIGH COURT

Macro Prosperity Sdn Bhd v. CIMB Bank Bhd
Abu Bakar Jais J
(Tort - Damages - Trespass - Tenancy - Bank debenture holder of machine - Failure to remove machine - Whether bank was trespasser due to failure to remove machine) [2017] 1 CLJ 708 [HC]

World Grand Dynamic Marketing Sdn Bhd v. FJVAA SPA Sdn Bhd & Ors
Wong Kian Kheong JC
(Civil Procedure - Subpoena - Setting aside - Whether subpoenas issued to Registrar of Trade Marks' officers frivolous) [2017] 1 CLJ 720 [HC]

WRP Asia Pacific Sdn Bhd v. Tenaga Nasional Bhd
Yeoh Wee Siam J
(Civil Procedure; Public Utilities - Injunction - Disconnection of electricity supply - Repeated findings of meter-tampering - Statutory right of provider of electricity supply to disconnect electricity supply - Whether discretionary or mandatory) [2017] 1 CLJ 734 [HC]

SUBJECT INDEX

CIVIL PROCEDURE

Injunction - Interlocutory injunction - Repeated findings of meter-tampering - Whether provider of electricity supply had statutory right to disconnect - Consumer challenged validity of findings of meter-tampering and statutory right of provider of electricity supply - Application for interlocutory injunction pending outcome of trial - Whether there was bona fide serious issue to be tried - Whether damages were adequate remedy - Whether interlocutory injunction ought to be granted - Electricity Supply Act 1990, s. 38(1)
WRP Asia Pacific Sdn Bhd v. Tenaga Nasional Bhd
(Yeoh Wee Siam J) [2017] 1 CLJ 734 [HC]

Subpoena - Setting aside - Application for - Whether subpoenas issued to Registrar of Trade Marks' officers frivolous - Whether subpoenaed witnesses in position to give evidence relevant to case - Evidence Act 1950, s. 136(1) - Whether s. 62(1) and (2) of Trade Marks Act 1976 applicable - Whether maker of documents called to fulfil rule against documentary hearsay evidence and to tender primary evidence - Whether subpoenas constitute an abuse of court process - Whether court has discretion under O. 59 r. 3(2) Rules of Court 2012 to award costs of application
World Grand Dynamic Marketing Sdn Bhd v. FJVAA SPA Sdn Bhd & Ors
(Wong Kian Kheong JC) [2017] 1 CLJ 720 [HC]

COMPANY LAW

Directors - Proceedings on behalf of company - Companies Act 1965 ('Act'), s. 181A - Leave of court - Whether directors were complainants within meaning of s. 181(4)(a) & (b) of Act - Whether directors gave 30 days notice to other directors of intention to apply for leave of court - Whether application for leave made in good faith - Whether leave of court ought to be granted in interest of company
Abdul Rahim Suleiman & Anor v. Faridah Md Lazim & Ors
(Rohana Yusuf, Idrus Harun, Mary Lim JJCA) [2017] 1 CLJ 633 [CA]

CONSTRUCTION LAW

Adjudication - Setting aside - Application to set aside award of adjudicator - Dispute over interim payment claims - Whether adjudication proceedings void for want of jurisdiction - Challenging jurisdiction of adjudicator - Whether s. 41 of Construction Industry Payment And Adjudication Act 2012 ('CIPAA') applicable - Remedy to question adjudication process or jurisdiction - Whether only pursuant to s. 15 read with s. 13 of CIPAA - Whether there was breach of natural justice - Whether single application to set aside adjudicating order and stay of adjudication decision flawed - Whether stay available only in limited circumstances as set out under s. 16 of CIPAA - Whether application ought to be dismissed in limine - Whether enforcement of adjudication award allowed
View Esteem Sdn Bhd v. Bina Puri Holdings Bhd
(Hamid Sultan Abu Backer, Prasad Sandosham Abraham, Asmabi Mohamad JJCA) [2017] 1 CLJ 677 [CA]

CRIMINAL PROCEDURE

Appeal - Appeal against acquittal and discharge - Appeal by prosecution - Capsules excreted by accused contained dangerous drugs - Accused told that capsules contained expensive medicine prohibited in certain countries - Whether accused had knowledge that capsules contained drugs - Whether defence successfully raised reasonable doubt on element of knowledge - Whether prosecution proved case beyond reasonable doubt - Dangerous Drugs Act 1952, s. 39B(1)(a)
PP v. Bayati Heidar
(Tengku Maimun Tuan Mat, Idrus Harun, Ab Karim Ab Jalil JJCA) [2017] 1 CLJ 669 [CA]

Appeal - Fact, finding of - High Court and Court of Appeal - Whether correct in rejecting defence of accused persons - Whether there were substantial and compelling reasons to depart - Whether failure to call witness attracted invocation of s. 114(g) of Evidence Act 1950 - Whether essential or material witness to prosecution - Whether discrepancy in witness evidence material - Whether affected substance of prosecution's case - Whether Federal Court agreed with findings of courts below - Whether convictions safe
Amri Ibrahim & Anor v. PP
(Arifin Zakaria CJ, Zulkefli Ahmad Makinudin CJ (Malaya), Richard Malanjum CJ (Sabah & Sarawak), Suriyadi Halim Omar, Hasan Lah FCJJ) [2017] 1 CLJ 617 [FC]

EVIDENCE

Adverse inference - Failure of prosecution to call witness - Whether power of court to draw adverse inference discretionary - Whether prosecution correct in not calling witness - Whether essential or material witness to prosecution - Whether non-calling of witness left gap in prosecution's case - Evidence Act 1950, s. 114(g)
Amri Ibrahim & Anor v. PP
(Arifin Zakaria CJ, Zulkefli Ahmad Makinudin CJ (Malaya), Richard Malanjum CJ (Sabah & Sarawak), Suriyadi Halim Omar, Hasan Lah FCJJ) [2017] 1 CLJ 617 [FC]

Witness - Conflicting evidence - Whether court fully competent to accept one part of testimony - Whether discrepancy in witness evidence material - Whether affected substance of prosecution's case
Amri Ibrahim & Anor v. PP
(Arifin Zakaria CJ, Zulkefli Ahmad Makinudin CJ (Malaya), Richard Malanjum CJ (Sabah & Sarawak), Suriyadi Halim Omar, Hasan Lah FCJJ) [2017] 1 CLJ 617 [FC]

PUBLIC UTILITIES

Electricity - Disconnection of electricity supply - Repeated findings of meter-tampering - Statutory right of provider of electricity supply to disconnect electricity supply - Whether discretionary or mandatory - Electricity Supply Act 1990, s. 38(1)
WRP Asia Pacific Sdn Bhd v. Tenaga Nasional Bhd
(Yeoh Wee Siam J) [2017] 1 CLJ 734 [HC]

TORT

Damages - Trespass - Tenancy - Factory rented to company - Company placed machine in factory - Bank debenture holder of machine - Company wound up and instructed to remove machine - Failure to remove machine despite extension of time - Landlord claimed against bank for rental and double rental - Whether there was tenancy agreement between landlord and bank - Whether landlord entitled to claim for double rental under s. 28(4)(a) of Civil Law Act 1956
Macro Prosperity Sdn Bhd v. CIMB Bank Bhd
(Abu Bakar Jais J) [2017] 1 CLJ 708 [HC]

Trespass - Tenancy - Factory rented to company - Company placed machine in factory - Bank debenture holder of machine - Company wound up and instructed to remove machine - Failure to remove machine despite extension of time - Whether bank was trespasser due to failure to remove machine - Whether liable to pay damages to landlord
Macro Prosperity Sdn Bhd v. CIMB Bank Bhd
(Abu Bakar Jais J) [2017] 1 CLJ 708 [HC]


ARTICLES

LNS Article(s)

  1. FOCUS: ISSUES IN THE THEORY OF IJTIHAD: A REAPPRAISAL* [Read excerpt]
    by: MOHAMMAD HASHIM KAMALI [2017] 1 LNS(A) vii

  2. [2017] 1 LNS(A) vii
    logo
    MALAYSIA

    FOCUS:
    ISSUES IN THE THEORY OF IJTIHAD: A REAPPRAISAL*

    by
    MOHAMMAD HASHIM KAMALI

    Ijtihad (independent reasoning) is the most important source of Shariah next to the Qur'an and Sunnah, and the principal tool of relating the guidance of these sources to new and unprecedented issues. The main difference between ijtihad and the revealed sources of Shariah is that ijtihad proposes a continuous process of development, whereas the revelation of the Qur'an and Sunnah discontinued with the demise of the Prophet, pbuh.

    Ijtihad and fatwa are basically interchangeable and concurrent, even though they may differ on technical grounds. Fatwa (pl. fatawa) is a response by a qualified scholar to a question or issue that may be either very brief or in greater depth and detail that expounds its evidential basis. If a fatwa also explains its evidential basis, and includes an element of originality, then it is equivalent to ijtihad.

    The recurrent Qur'anic appeal to rational thinking and enquiry is not restricted to any particular methodology. There is, in fact, no clear text on ijtihad in the Qur'an. Ijtihad as a concept originates in the hadith of the Prophet and the practice and precedent of his Companions. The two main hadiths often cited for ijtihad are that of Mu'adh ibn Jabal which identified three sources of law and judgement in Shariah, namely the Qur'an, the Sunnah, and ijtihad. The other hadith on the subject promises a spiritual reward for the exercise of ijtihad by the ruler and judge when issuing a judgement on an issue. The latter may arrive at a correct solution, in which case a double reward is promised, or fall into an error of judgement. This too earns a reward for the sincerity of the effort undertaken. There is no indication of any methodology in all of this. The methodology of ijtihad, which is the basic theme of the science of the sources of law (ie, usul al-fiqh) is itself a product of ijtihad. It seems that the Prophet, pbuh, saw ijtihad as a creative endeavour rather than engagement in the technicalities of legal reasoning - as the usul al-fiqh later developed in abundance. When the Prophet, pbuh, spoke of ijtihad, he seems to have done so in terms of ijtihad qua problem solving engagement in creative thinking.

    . . .

    * Published with kind permission of the International Institute of Advanced Islamic Studies (IAIS) Malaysia. Also published in New Straits Times on Nov - Dec 2015. (www.hashimkamali.com or www.iais.org.my).


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  3. GOOD WILL HUNTING*
    Does a solicitor owe a duty of care to all beneficiaries when drafting wills?
    [Read excerpt]
    by: REBECCA TETLOW**
    PARTNER, DDCS LAWYERS
    [2017] 1 LNS(A) viii

  4. [2017] 1 LNS(A) viii
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    AUSTRALIA

    GOOD WILL HUNTING*
    Does a solicitor owe a duty of care to all beneficiaries when drafting wills?

    by
    REBECCA TETLOW**
    PARTNER, DDCS LAWYERS

    High Court decisions regarding wills and estates matters have been relatively few and far between, so it is always of interest to succession lawyers when a matter is considered.

    In May this year, the High Court handed down its decision in Badenach v. Calvert,[1] which looked at the duty of care owed by a solicitor to a beneficiary of a will.

    The Will

    The case relates to the estate of a Mr Doddridge, who gave instructions to his solicitor to prepare a will.

    Mr Doddridge instructed that he wanted to leave the whole of his estate to Mr Calvert, whom he regarded as a stepson. Mr Doddridge’s main assets were two properties which he owned as tenants in common in equal shares with Mr Calvert.

    The solicitor prepared a will on the terms requested by Mr Doddridge and the will was properly signed and witnessed before Mr Doddridge died a few months later.

    . . .

    * Published with kind permission of the Law Society of the Australian Capital Territory. See Ethos No. 241 September 2016.

    ** Rebecca Tetlow is an Accredited Specialist in Wills & Estates Law (NSW), and is Chair of the ACT Law Society's Elder Law and Succession Law Committee.


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LEGISLATION HIGHLIGHTS

Principal Acts

Number Title In force from Repealing
ACT 786 Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank Act 2017 This Act comes into operation on the date the Agreement comes into operation for the Government of Malaysia pursuant to Article 58 of the Agreement -
ACT 785 Finance Act 2017 The Income Tax Act 1967 [Act 53] see s 3; The Petroleum (Income Tax) Act 1967 [Act 543] see s 30; The Real Property Gains Tax Act 1976 [Act 169] see s 34; The Labuan Business Activity Tax Act 1990 [Act 445] see s 37; The Goods and Services Tax Act 2014 [Act 762] see s 40 -
ACT 784 Scouts Association of Malaysia (Incorporation) Act 1968 (Revised 2016) 17 November 2016 pursuant to paragraph 6(1)(xxiii) of the Revision of Laws Act 1968 [Act 1]; Revised up to 1 November 2016; First enacted in 1968 as Act of Parliament No 38 of 1968; First Revision - 1989 (Act 409 wef 14 December 1989) -
ACT 783 Statutory Declarations Act 1960 (Revised 2016) 17 November 2016 pursuant to paragraph 6(1)(xxiii) of the Revision of Laws Act 1968 [Act 1]; Revised up to 1 November 2016; First enacted in 1960 as Act No 20 of 1960; First Revision - 1969 (Act No 13 wef 14 April 1970) -
ACT 782 Forest Research Institute Malaysia Act 2016 1 October 2016 -

Amending Acts

Number Title In force from Principal/Amending Act No
ACT A1523 Administration of Islamic Law (Federal Territories) (Amendment) Act 2017 Not Yet In Force ACT 505
ACT A1522 Town and Country Planning (Amendment) Act 2017 Not Yet In Force ACT 172
ACT A1521 Criminal Procedure Code (Amendment) Act 2016 Not Yet In Force ACT 593
ACT A1520 Supply Act 2017 23 December 2016  
ACT A1519 Merchant Shipping Ordinance (Amendment) Act 2016 Not Yet In Force ORD 70/1952

PU(A)

Number Title Date of Publication In force from Principal/ Amending Act No
PU(A) 30/2017 Fees (Registration of Companies With Ministry of Finance) Order 2017 24 January 2017 25 January 2017 ACT 209
PU(A) 29/2017 Printing of Qur'anic Texts (Amendment) Regulations 2017 23 January 2017 25 January 2017 PU(A) 488/1986
PU(A) 28/2017 Price Control and Anti-Profiteering (Price Marking of Price-Controlled Goods) Order 2017 20 January 2017 23 January 2017 to 3 February 2017 ACT 723
PU(A) 27/2017 Price Control and Anti-Profiteering (Determination of Maximum Price) Order 2017 20 January 2017 23 January 2017 to 3 February 2017 ACT 723
PU(A) 26/2017 Control of Supplies (Controlled Articles) Order 2017 20 January 2017 21 January 2017 ACT 122

PU(B)

Number Title Date of Publication In force from Principal/ Amending Act No
PU(B) 44/2017 Appointment of Members and Alternate Members of The Authority 23 January 2017 1 October 2015 PU(A) 223/1984
PU(B) 43/2017 Appointment of A Member and An Alternate Member of The Authority 23 January 2017 1 January 2015 PU(A) 223/1984
PU(B) 42/2017 Appointment of Analysts 23 January 2017 31 January 2017 ACT 149
PU(B) 41/2017 Notification of Values of Palm Kernel Under Section 12 23 January 2017 1 February 2017 to 28 February 2017 ACT 235
PU(B) 40/2017 Appointment Under Subsection 6a(1a) 23 January 2017 Specified in column (3) of the Schedule ACT 533

Legislation Alert

Updated

Act/Principal No. Title Amended by In force from Section amended
PU(A) 424/1997 Trade Descriptions (Cheap Sale Price) Regulations 1997 PU(A) 323/2016 1 January 2017 Regulations 5, 6A, 7, 8 and 9
PU(A) 405/2010 Road Transport (Fee and Charge For Erecting Structures For Billboard on Federal Road) Rules 2010 PU(A) 301/2016 1 December 2016 First Schedule and Second Schedule
PU(A) 276/2011 Land Public Transport (Compounding of Offences) Regulations 2011 PU(A) 354/2016 24 December 2016 Regulation 2
PU(A) 336/2013 Personal Data Protection (Class of Data Users) Order 2013 PU(A) 326/2016 16 December 2016 Schedule
PU(A) 185/2014 Goods and Services Tax (Application to Government) Order 2014 PU(A) 352/2016 1 January 2017 Schedule

Revoked

Act/Principal No. Title Revoked by In force from
PU(B) 27/2015 Appointment and Revocation of Appointment of Registrar of Credit Reporting Agencies PU(B) 463/2016 16 March 2016
PU(A) 61/2010 Federal Roads (Private Management) (Collection of Tolls) (Kajang-Seremban Highway) Order 2010 PU(A) 264/2016 19 October 2016
PU(A) 79/2002 Communications and Multimedia (Rates) Rules 2002 PU(A) 185/2016 1 July 2016
PU(A) 196/2003 Market (Federal Territory of Putrajaya) By-Laws 2003 PU(A) 254/2016 11 October 2016
PU(B) 99/2014 Notice of Affirmative Final Determination of An Anti-Dumping Duty Investigation With Respect to Imports of Cellulose Fibre Reinforced Cement Flat and Pattern Sheets Originating Or Exported From the Kingdom of Thailand PU(B) 401/2016 8 September 2016