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Issue #45/2017
09 November 2017

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New This Week

  1. Case(s) of the Week

    1. CTI GROUP INC v. INTERNATIONAL BULK CARRIERS SPA [2017] 9 CLJ 499

  2. Latest Cases

    1. Legal Network Series

    2. CLJ 2017 Volume 9 (Part 5)

  3. Articles

    1. LNS Article(s)

    2. CLJ Article(s)

  4. Legislation Highlights

    1. Principal Acts

    2. Amending Acts

    3. PU(A)

    4. PU(B)

    5. Legislation Alert

CASE(S) OF THE WEEK

CTI GROUP INC v. INTERNATIONAL BULK CARRIERS SPA [2017] 9 CLJ 499
FEDERAL COURT, KOTA KINABALU
AHMAD MAAROP FCJ, ABU SAMAH NORDIN FCJ, ZAHARAH IBRAHIM FCJ, AZIAH ALI FCJ, ABDUL RAHMAN SEBLI JCA
[CIVIL APPEAL NO: 02(f)-61-09-2015(S)]
10 AUGUST 2017

ARBITRATION: Award – Recognition or enforcement – Arbitral award by International Chamber of Commerce – High Court allowed plaintiff’s application for recognition and enforcement of award – Appeal by defendant to set aside order of High Court – Procedure for recognition and enforcement – Two-stage process under ss. 38 and 39 of Arbitration Act 2005 read together with O. 69 rr. 8 and 9 of Rules of Court 2012 – Whether plaintiff discharged evidential burden – Whether application for setting aside made on substantive grounds in s. 39 of Arbitration Act 2005 – Whether defendant satisfied threshold requirement for setting aside recognition of arbitral award


LATEST CASES

Legal Network Series

[2016] 1 LNS 1243

HAFIZ ALIAS lwn. TIMBALAN MENTERI DALAM NEGERI & YANG LAIN

PROSEDUR JENAYAH: Habeas corpus - Permohonan untuk writ habeas corpus - Tahanan dibawah s. 6(1) Akta Dadah Berbahaya (Langkah-Langkah Pencegahan Khas) 1985 ('Akta 1985') - Ketidakpatuhan prosedur - Penahanan semula selepas pemohon dibebaskan dari pusat pemulihan ahklak - Pegawai penyiasat gagal menjalankan sebarang siasatan keatas pemohon dan merakam percakapan pemohon - Sama ada penyediaan laporan penyiasatan di bawah s. 3(3) Akta 1985 adalah diragui - Sama ada penahanan pemohon adalah sah - Sama ada writ habeas corpus bagi pembebasan pemohon wajar dikeluarkan

[2016] 1 LNS 1408

JOHAWAKI PLANTATION SDN BHD lwn. PENTADBIR TANAH PERAK TENGAH

UNDANG-UNDANG TANAH: Pengambilan - Pampasan - Pampasan untuk pecah pisah tanah, kecederaan tanah dan kehilangan pendapatan - Tanah menjadi terpisah setelah pengambilan dengan adanya pembinaan lebuh raya - Penilai swasta dan kerajaan membuat anggaran penurunan nilai tanah tanpa sebarang bukti perbandingan - Ketiadaan keterangan berkenaan kehilangan akses selepas pengambilan tanah - Kewujudan pelan untuk membina jambatan bagi menghubungkan tanah yang terpisah - Sama ada terdapat penurunan nilai tanah yang telah di pecah pisah - Sama ada pemohon telah mengalami kerugian akibat pecah pisah tanah - Sama ada pampasan ganti rugi kecederaan tanah telah berbangkit di peringkat bantahan pemohon

[2017] 1 LNS 154

MOHAMAD NAZRI DAHERI v. PP

CRIMINAL LAW: Corruption - Corruptly accepting gratification - Accepting gratification for purpose of giving protection to offenders of illegal timber logging - Offence under s. 17(a) of Malaysian Anti-Corruption Commission Act 2009 ('MACC 2009') - Action and movement of accused clearly recorded audio-visually - Whether ingredients of s. 17(a) of MACC 2009 proven - Whether presumption under s. 15(1) of MACC 2009 applicable - Whether presumption under s. 15(1) of MACC 2009 rebutted

CRIMINAL PROCEDURE: Appeal - Appeal against sentence - Offence under s. 17(a) of Malaysian Anti-Corruption Commission Act 2009 ('MACC 2009') - Imprisonment imposed only for a period of 3 years and 10 months for 3 charges to run consecutively from date of conviction - Whether imposition of fine and imprisonment is mandatory pursuant to s. 24 of MACC 2009 - Whether sentence imposed was manifestly excessive

[2017] 1 LNS 358

MUNIANDY SUBRAMANIAM v. MENTERI DALAM NEGERI, MALAYSIA & ORS

PREVENTIVE DETENTION: Detention order - Application for habeas corpus - Detention under s. 6(1) of Dangerous Drugs (Special Preventive Measures) Act 1985 ('Act 1985') - Minister relied on inaccurate recommendation of advisory board in extending detention order - Minister failed to prove that grounds for extension was same as grounds on which order originally made - Whether procedure adopted in breach of natural justice - Whether advisory board acted outside its jurisdiction under ss. 7 & 11 of Act 1985 - Whether detention order was valid

[2017] 1 LNS 636

LOGIK PENGURUSAN SDN BHD v. INDUSTRIAL COURT OF MALAYSIA & ANOR

ADMINISTRATIVE LAW: Judicial review - Certiorari - Application to quash decision of Industrial Court - Departure from pleadings - Erroneous assumption of facts - Industrial Court allowing claimant's application to amend grounds for dismissal in statement of case after end of trial and during submission stage - Whether departure from pleadings caused prejudice to company - Whether there was misdirection of facts and law committed by Industrial Court - Whether industrial court award ought to be quashed


CLJ 2017 Volume 9 (Part 5)

FEDERAL COURT

CTI Group Inc v. International Bulk Carriers SPA
Ahmad Maarop, Abu Samah Nordin, Zaharah Ibrahim, Aziah Ali FCJJ; Abdul Rahman Sebli JCA
(Arbitration - Award - Recognition or enforcement - Arbitral award by International Chamber of Commerce) [2017] 9 CLJ 499 [FC]

COURT OF APPEAL

Limba Jaya Timber Sdn Bhd & Anor v. Superintendent Of Lands And Surveys, Limbang & Anor
David Wong Dak Wah, Hamid Sultan Abu Backer, Umi Kalthum Abdul Majid JJCA
(Civil Procedure - Judicial review - Appeal against decision of Superintendent of Lands and Surveys as decision-maker) [2017] 9 CLJ 533 [CA]

Raymond Cheah Choon Sing v. Jurutera Daerah, Jabatan Kerja Raya Seberang Perai Tengah & Ors
Mohd Zawawi Salleh, Vernon Ong Lam Kiat, Abdul Rahman Sebli JJCA
(Tort; Words & Phrases - Negligence - Road accident) [2017] 9 CLJ 543 [CA]

HIGH COURT

AmLife Insurance Bhd lwn. Ketua Pengarah Hasil Dalam Negeri
Has Zanah Mehat H
(Undang-undang Hasil; Prosedur Sivil - Cukai pendapatan - Rayuan terhadap keputusan Pesuruhjaya Khas Cukai Pendapatan - Bantahan awalan) [2017] 9 CLJ 556 [HC]

Perbadanan Pengurusan Megan Avenue 1 v. Harcharan S Sidhu & Anor
Faizah Jamaludin JC
(Land Law; Statutory Interpretation - Strata title - Management corporation - Maintenance and management of building) [2017] 9 CLJ 563 [HC]

Weststar Construction Sdn Bhd v. Prisma Athira Architect
Lee Swee Seng J
(Contract - Breach - Claim For Services Rendered) [2017] 9 CLJ 575 [HC]

SUBJECT INDEX

ARBITRATION

Award - Recognition or enforcement - Arbitral award by International Chamber of Commerce - High Court allowed plaintiff's application for recognition and enforcement of award - Appeal by defendant to set aside order of High Court - Procedure for recognition and enforcement - Two-stage process under ss. 38 and 39 of Arbitration Act 2005 read together with O. 69 rr. 8 and 9 of Rules of Court 2012 - Whether plaintiff discharged evidential burden - Whether application for setting aside made on substantive grounds in s. 39 of Arbitration Act 2005 - Whether defendant satisfied threshold requirement for setting aside recognition of arbitral award
CTI Group Inc v. International Bulk Carriers SPA
(Ahmad Maarop, Abu Samah Nordin, Zaharah Ibrahim, Aziah Ali FCJJ, Abdul Rahman Sebli JCA) [2017] 9 CLJ 499 [FC]

CIVIL PROCEDURE

Judicial review - Appeal against decision of Superintendent of Lands and Surveys as decision-maker - Whether decision-maker could be made respondent - Whether Tan Guan Seng v. Sibuti Yong Seng Quarry Sdn Bhd applicable and binding - Proper interpretation of O. 55A of Rules of Court 2012
Limba Jaya Timber Sdn Bhd & Anor v. Superintendent Of Lands And Surveys, Limbang & Anor
(David Wong Dak Wah, Hamid Sultan Abu Backer, Umi Kalthum Abdul Majid JJCA) [2017] 9 CLJ 533 [CA]

CONTRACT

Breach - Claim for services rendered - Architect as main consultant to appoint engineering consultant - Claim for agreed engineering consultancy fees by architect - Architect not duly registered under Registration of Engineers Act 1967 - Whether architect could claim for agreed engineering consultancy fees - Whether claim by architect for agreed engineering consultancy fees valid - Whether there was a breach of the Architects Rules 1996 - Whether architect merely claimed agreed engineering consultancy fees on behalf of engineering consultant
Weststar Construction Sdn Bhd v. Prisma Athira Architect
(Lee Swee Seng J) [2017] 9 CLJ 575 [HC]

LAND LAW

Strata title - Management corporation - Maintenance and management of building - Claim for outstanding sum for maintenance service - Whether management corporation has valid claim against persons who purchased and occupied parcel in subdivided building but yet to be registered as proprietor on strata title - Whether purchasers of property came within definition of 'proprietor' under Strata Management Act 2013 - Whether purchasers of property liable for outstanding charges - Strata Management Act 2013, ss. 52(8), 77(3), 82
Perbadanan Pengurusan Megan Avenue 1 v. Harcharan S Sidhu & Anor
(Faizah Jamaludin JC) [2017] 9 CLJ 563 [HC]

STATUTORY INTERPRETATION

Construction of statutes - Legislations governing strata titles and management of subdivided building - Whether Strata Management Act 2013 must be read and construed with Strata Titles Act 1985 - Definition of 'proprietor' - Whether includes 'person or body who would receive rent if the parcel were let to tenant' or 'purchaser to be duly registered as proprietor' - Strata Management Act 2013, ss. 2, 3, 52 - Strata Titles Act 1985, s. 4
Perbadanan Pengurusan Megan Avenue 1 v. Harcharan S Sidhu & Anor
(Faizah Jamaludin JC) [2017] 9 CLJ 563 [HC]

TORT

Negligence - Road accident - Motorcycle rider fell into potholes and thrown off motorcycle - Claim for damages against defendants - Whether road in question under care and maintenance of defendants - Whether defendants well aware of existence of potholes - Whether defendants negligent in not repairing potholes - Whether defendants duty-bound to maintain road in question - Whether defendants protected under s. 7(3) of Government Proceedings Act 1956
Raymond Cheah Choon Sing v. Jurutera Daerah, Jabatan Kerja Raya Seberang Perai Tengah & Ors
(Mohd Zawawi Salleh, Vernon Ong Lam Kiat, Abdul Rahman Sebli JJCA) [2017] 9 CLJ 543 [CA]

WORDS & PHRASES

'neglect' - Definition - Whether a failure to give proper care or attention - Liability of government for any neglect by public officer - Government Proceedings Act 1956, ss. 5, 7(1) - Whether words 'construction and maintenance' in the phrase 'in the execution of any works of 'construction and maintenance' disjunctive - Government Proceedings Act 1956, s. 7(3)
Raymond Cheah Choon Sing v. Jurutera Daerah, Jabatan Kerja Raya Seberang Perai Tengah & Ors
(Mohd Zawawi Salleh, Vernon Ong Lam Kiat, Abdul Rahman Sebli JJCA) [2017] 9 CLJ 543 [CA]

INDEKS PERKARA

PROSEDUR SIVIL

Bantahan awalan - Cukai pendapatan - Rayuan terhadap keputusan Pesuruhjaya Khas Cukai Pendapatan - Sama ada terdapat kegagalan korum dalam prosiding rayuan - Keesahan panel baharu yang hanya mendengar hujahan dan kemudian membuat keputusan berdasarkan prosiding yang dimulakan oleh panel pertama - Sama ada syarat-syarat pewujudan panel baharu dipatuhi - Ketiadaan seorang ahli panel pertama dalam panel baharu yang membuat keputusan - Sama ada panel baharu hendaklah mendengar semula rayuan - Sama ada perenggan 1A Jadual Ke-5 Akta Cukai Pendapatan 1967 dipatuhi - Sama ada keputusan panel baharu sah
AmLife Insurance Bhd lwn. Ketua Pengarah Hasil Dalam Negeri
(Has Zanah Mehat H) [2017] 9 CLJ 556 [HC]

UNDANG-UNDANG HASIL

Cukai pendapatan - Rayuan terhadap keputusan Pesuruhjaya Khas Cukai Pendapatan - Bantahan awalan - Sama ada terdapat kegagalan korum dalam prosiding rayuan - Keesahan panel baharu yang hanya mendengar hujahan dan kemudian membuat keputusan berdasarkan prosiding yang dimulakan oleh panel pertama - Sama ada syarat-syarat pewujudan panel baharu dipatuhi - Ketiadaan seorang ahli panel pertama dalam panel baharu yang membuat keputusan - Sama ada panel baharu hendaklah mendengar semula rayuan - Sama ada perenggan 1A Jadual Ke-5 Akta Cukai Pendapatan 1967 dipatuhi - Sama ada keputusan panel baharu sah
AmLife Insurance Bhd lwn. Ketua Pengarah Hasil Dalam Negeri
(Has Zanah Mehat H) [2017] 9 CLJ 556 [HC]


ARTICLES

LNS Article(s)

  1. THE DAWN OF SHARIAH-BASED INDICES: A BRIEF COMPARISON BETWEEN THE MALAYSIAN SHARIAH INDEX (MSI) AND THE SYARIAH INDEX PROJECT (SIP)* [Read excerpt]
    by: WAN NAIM WAN MANSOR
    AHMAD BADRI ABDULLAH
    [2017] 1 LNS(A) l

  2. [2017] 1 LNS(A) l
    logo
    MALAYSIA

    THE DAWN OF SHARIAH-BASED INDICES: A BRIEF COMPARISON BETWEEN
    THE MALAYSIAN SHARIAH INDEX (MSI) AND THE SYARIAH INDEX PROJECT (SIP)*

    by
    WAN NAIM WAN MANSOR
    AHMAD BADRI ABDULLAH

    Growing interest in Maqasid Shariah as a legitimate source to address new socio-political conditions had inspired several modeling attempts to quantify and measure Islamic 'divine goals'. The week of March 2016 witnessed two Shariah-based indices being introduced to the Malaysian public. The first was the Malaysian Shariah Index, a government-sponsored research led by the Department of Islamic Development Malaysia (JAKIM) with the participation of over 133 experts from local universities. Its results were presented by Prime Minister Najib Razak himself, in the presence of religious and government leaders in a grand convention hosted by Putrajaya.[1]

    . . .

    * Published with kind permission of the International Institute of Advanced Islamic Studies (IAIS) Malaysia. (www.iais.org.my).


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CLJ Article(s)

  1. THE LEGAL ISSUE IN THE REQUIREMENTS FOR INSURABLE INTEREST AT THE TIME OF LOSS FOR MOTOR INSURANCE AND MOTOR TAKAFUL CONTRACTS [Read excerpt]
    by: DR CHEAH YOU SUM [2017] 9 CLJ(A) xvii

  2. [2017] 9 CLJ(A) xvii
    logo
    MALAYSIA

    THE LEGAL ISSUE IN THE REQUIREMENTS FOR INSURABLE INTEREST AT THE TIME OF LOSS FOR MOTOR INSURANCE AND MOTOR TAKAFUL CONTRACTS
    by
    DR CHEAH YOU SUM

    Abstract

    The legal requirements for insurable interest in motor insurance exist primarily due to common law authorities. The concept of insurable interest is introduced in order to eliminate the negative elements of wagering or gambling. However, under common law, such insurable interest is only required to exist at the time of the claim and not at the time of the inception of contract for conventional motor insurance contract. This is different for motor takaful contracts as the Shariah Advisory Council's requirements state that permissible takaful interest must exist both at the inception of contract and at the time of claim under the motor takaful contract.

    . . .

    * Ph.D (UKM)


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LEGISLATION HIGHLIGHTS

Principal Acts

Number Title In force from Repealing
ACT 795 Access To Biological Resources and Benefit Sharing Act 2017 Not Yet In Force -
ACT 794 Married Women and Children (Enforcement of Maintenance) Act 1968 (Revised 2017) 16 October 2017 pursuant to paragraph 6(1)(xxiii) of the Revision of Laws Act 1968 [Act 1]; Revised up to 2 October 2017; First enacted in 1968 as Act of Parliament No 8 of 1968; First Revision - 1988 (Act 356 wef 1 December 1988) -
ACT 793 Padi Cultivators (Control of Rent and Security of Tenure) Act 1967 (Revised 2017) 16 October 2017 pursuant to paragraph 6(1)(xxiii) of the Revision of Laws Act 1968 [Act 1]; Revised up to 2 October 2017; First enacted in 1967 as Act of Parliament No 43 of 1967; First Revision - 1994 (Act 528 wef 12 December 1994) -
ACT 792 Sexual Offences Against Children Act 2017 10 July 2017 [PU(B) 340/2017] -
ACT 791 Tourism Tax Act 2017 1 August 2017 [PU(B) 398/2017] - Parts I, II, IV and X, and sections 8 and 9; 1 September 2017 [PU(B) 398/2017] - Parts V, VI, VII, VIII and IX, and sections 6 and 7 -

Amending Acts

Number Title In force from Principal/Amending Act No
ACT A1550 Valuers, Appraisers and Estate Agents (Amendment) Act 2017 Not Yet In Force ACT 242
ACT A1549 Prevention of Crime (Amendment) Act 2017 Not Yet In Force ACT 297
ACT A1548 Legal Aid (Amendment) Act 2017 Not Yet In Force ACT 26
ACT A1547 Tabung Angkatan Tentera (Amendment) Act 2017 1 November 2017 [PU(B) 521/2017] ACT 101
ACT A1546 Law Reform (Marriage and Divorce) (Amendment) Act 2017 Not Yet In Force ACT 164

PU(A)

Number Title Date of Publication In force from Principal/ Amending Act No
PU(A) 338/2017 Price Control and Anti-Profiteering (Determination of Maximum Retail Price For Petrol and Diesel) (No. 31) Order 2017 1 November 2017 2 November 2017 ACT 723
PU(A) 337/2017 Malaysia Deposit Insurance Corporation (Terms and Conditions of Membership) (Amendment) Regulations 2017 1 November 2017 2 November 2017 PU(A) 314/2008
PU(A) 336/2017 Federal Roads (West Malaysia) (Amendment) (No. 6) Order 2017 31 October 2017 1 November 2017 PU(A) 401/1989
PU(A) 335/2017 Federal Roads (Private Management) (Collection of Tolls) (Bukit Kayu Hitam-Jitra Highway) (Amendment) Order 2017 31 October 2017 1 November 2017 PU(A) 16/1989
PU(A) 334/2017 Employees' Social Security (Supplementary Supply) (2016) Regulations 2017 31 October 2017 1 January 2016 ACT 4

PU(B)

Number Title Date of Publication In force from Principal/ Amending Act No
PU(B) 523/2017 Appointment and Revocation of Appointment of Members and Alternate Members of The Board 8 November 2017 9 November 2017 ACT 105
PU(B) 522/2017 Notification of Values of Crude Petroleum Oil Under Section 12 3 November 2017 9 November 2017 to 22 November 2017 ACT 235
PU(B) 521/2017 Appointment of Date of Coming Into Operation 30 October 2017 31 October 2017 ACT A1547
PU(B) 520/2017 Exemption Under Subsection 2A(2) 30 October 2017 30 October 2017 ACT 400
PU(B) 519/2017 Vacations of The Federal Court 26 October 2017 27 October 2017 PU(A) 150/1996

Legislation Alert

Updated

Act/Principal No. Title Amended by In force from Section amended
ACT 254 Limitation Act 1953 (Revised 1981) PU(A) 330/2017 27 October 2017 Sections, 1, 2, 9, 35 and Schedule
PU(A) 201/1969 Insolvency (Fees) Rules 1969 PU(A) 302/2017 6 October 2017 Rule 1 and Schedule
PU(A) 102/2017 Customs (Prohibition of Exports) Order 2017 PU(A) 321/2017 23 October 2017 Paragraph 7; Second and Third Schedule
PU(A) 92/2017 Excise Duties Order 2017 PU(A) 250/2017 30 August 2017 Schedule
ACT 101 Tabung Angkatan Tentera Act 1973 ACT A1547 1 November 2017 [PU(B) 521/2017] Sections 2, 3, 9, 9A, 11, 12, 15D and 22

Revoked

Act/Principal No. Title Revoked by In force from
PU(A) 161/2017 Co-operative Societies (Assumption of Control) (Appointment) Order 2017 PU(A) 331/2017 19 June 2017
PU(A) 408/2001 Electricity Supply (Compounding of Offences) Regulations 2001 PU(A) 327/2017 25 October 2017
PU(A) 89/2012 Consumer Protection (Credit Sale) Regulations 2012 PU(A) 322/2017 1 January 2018
PU(A) 199/1969 Bankruptcy Rules 1969 PU(A) 305/2017 6 October 2017
PU(B) 472/2016 Appointment and Revocation of Appointment of Director General of the Authority PU(B) 438/2017 22 March 2017