Back to Top

Issue #43/2017
26 October 2017

To get the most out of this law bulletin and have full access to judgments and other materials, subscribe to CLJLaw today.

Feel free to forward this bulletin to your colleagues. Sign-up to receive this bulletin directly via email.

New This Week

  1. Case(s) of the Week

    1. PP v. MOHD ARABI AMINUDDEN [2017] 9 CLJ 382

  2. Latest Cases

    1. Legal Network Series

    2. CLJ 2017 Volume 9 (Part 3)

  3. Articles

    1. LNS Article(s)

  4. Legislation Highlights

    1. Principal Acts

    2. Amending Acts

    3. PU(A)

    4. PU(B)

    5. Legislation Alert

CASE(S) OF THE WEEK

PP v. MOHD ARABI AMINUDDEN [2017] 9 CLJ 382
HIGH COURT MALAYA, KOTA BHARU
AHMAD BACHE JC
[CRIMINAL APPEAL NO: 41LB(A)-1-1-2016]
31 JULY 2017

CRIMINAL LAW: Dangerous Drugs Act 1952 – Section 15(1)(a) – Self-administration of dangerous drugs – Procedure for collecting urine sample – Whether in accordance with procedure and existing law – Test used – Screening test and clinical or confirmation test – Whether in conformity with administrative guidelines in IGSO F103 item 8 of Drug Dependants (Treatment and Rehabilitation) Act 1983 and KKM Guidelines Bilangan 6/2000 – Court of Appeal decision in Noor Shariful Rizal Noor Zawawi v. PP – Whether applied retrospectively – Whether binding – Whether administrative guidelines have force of law – Whether correct procedure used – Whether charge against accused proven

CRIMINAL PROCEDURE: Appeal – Appeal against acquittal and discharge – Dangerous Drugs Act 1952, s. 15(1)(a) – Self-administration of dangerous drugs – Magistrate grounded finding to acquit and discharge based on contradicting evidence of defence and prosecution – Whether contradictions in evidence of defence and prosecution inevitable – Whether Magistrate erred – Whether gave rise to misdirection which warranted intervention – Whether conviction ought to be set aside

CRIMINAL PROCEDURE: Sentencing – Dangerous drugs – Self-administration of dangerous drugs – Court embarked on balancing exercise between justice to accused and pubic interest – Mitigating factors – First offender, young and served in police force for 14 years – Whether a fine most appropriate – Whether binding over or custodial sentence would be excessive


LATEST CASES

Legal Network Series

[2016] 1 LNS 1226

MOHAMAD ZULKEFLI HAMZAH & SATU LAGI lwn. FATIMAH SHAM

GANTI RUGI: Kecederaan diri - Kecederaan otak - Kecederaan teruk - Ketidakupayaan otak - Sama ada awad sebanyak RM120,000 adalah munasabah dan wajar

GANTI RUGI: Kecederaan diri - Patah tengkorak dan tulang muka yang pelbagai - Kecacatan besar pada muka bagi seorang wanita - Awad sebanyak RM30,000 untuk patah tengkorak dan RM50,000 untuk patah tulang muka yang pelbagai - Sama ada awad yang diberikan berlebihan

GANTI RUGI: Kecederaan diri - Kehilangan penglihatan bagi kedua-dua mata - Penyandaran kepada laporan pakar mata - Sama ada awad sebanyak RM200,000 adalah munasabah

GANTI RUGI: Kecederaan diri - Kehilangan keupayaan mendengar - Kecacatan pendengaran kedua-dua belah telinga - Sama ada awad sebanyak RM40,000 adalah munasabah

GANTI RUGI: Kecederaan diri - Kos penjagaan - Kehilangan banyak organ penting - Ketidakupayaan kekal sepanjang hayat - Sama ada kos penjagaan termasuk di dalam ganti rugi am - Sama ada plaintif memerlukan seorang pembantu untuk mengendalikan aktiviti hariannya

[2016] 1 LNS 1227

DHARJITULAAH KHAN M KAMAL lwn. SOORI THEMED APANNAH

UNDANG-UNDANG TANAH: Pemilikan - Tuntutan untuk - Pengembalian premis yang telah dijual melalui lelongan awam - Tuntutan oleh pemilik berdaftar terdahulu terhadap pembida berjaya - Premis telah berjaya dimiliki oleh penyewa premis melalui lelongan awam - Sama ada terdapat bidaan secara penipuan - Sama ada pembida telah berjaya memiliki premis secara sah

PROSEDUR SIVIL: Tindakan - Kausa tindakan - Tindakan untuk mendapatkan sewa tertunggak - Kelewatan ketara - Tuntutan untuk mendapatkan tunggakan sewa bulanan melebihi 10 tahun - Sama ada tuntutan plaintif dihalang oleh had masa di bawah s. 6(1)(a) Akta Had Masa 1953 ('Akta 1953') - Sama ada doktrin laches dan acquiescence menghalang tuntutan plaintif dibawah s. 32 Akta 1953

[2016] 1 LNS 1336

JMB HARTAMAS REGENCY 2 v. KOTA MULIA SDN BHD & ANOR

DAMAGES: Assessment - Loss of use of property - Common property - Arrears of rental - Purpose of awarding damages - Whether plaintiff entitled to claim for loss of use of property on basis that it is common property or based on residential rates - Whether property should be valued based on market rates

[2016] 1 LNS 1347

LIM CHEE SOON v. PP

CRIMINAL PROCEDURE: Appeal - Appeal against conviction - Offence under s. 354 of Penal Code - Assault or use of criminal force with intent to outrage modesty - Conflict of testimony between accused and victim - Accused denied molesting victim - Police report lodged a day after incident - Whether testimony of victim had been corroborated - Whether victim had lodged police report within reasonable time - Whether conviction safe

CRIMINAL PROCEDURE: Appeal - Appeal against sentence - Accused convicted on charge of assaulting or using criminal force against victim with intention of outraging her modesty - Sentence of 15 months imprisonment and fine of RM1,000 - First time offender and sole breadwinner of family - Fine duly paid - Whether jail sentence was too harsh and excessive

[2017] 1 LNS 750

AZAD KHAN ABDULLAH & SATU LAGI lwn. PP

PROSEDUR JENAYAH: Rayuan - Petisyen - Permohonan kebenaran untuk memfailkan petisyen rayuan di luar tempoh masa - Tempoh sebenar kelewatan tidak dikemukakan di dalam afidavit - Dakwaan alasan kelewatan disebabkan tindakan peguam terdahulu - Kegagalan perayu mengemukakan penjelasan daripada peguam terdahulu - Ketiadaan sebarang dokumen penting untuk tatapan dan pertimbangan mahkamah - Sama ada terdapat penjelasan yang munasabah berkenaan kelewatan pemfailan petisyen rayuan - Sama ada mahkamah berpeluang untuk menilai isu merit rayuan - Sama ada kebenaran wajar diberikan


CLJ 2017 Volume 9 (Part 3)

FEDERAL COURT

Thai-Lao Lignite Co Ltd & Anor v. Government Of The Lao People's Democratic Republic
Hasan Lah, Ramly Ali, Zaharah Ibrahim, Balia Yusof Wahi, Jeffrey Tan FCJJ
(Arbitration - Agreement - Two separate contracts - International arbitration - Whether matters arising under one contract could be arbitrated in arbitration proceeding of the other - Application of correct law governing arbitration agreement - Setting aside arbitral award - Challenge to jurisdiction - Whether made out of time) [2017] 9 CLJ 273 [FC]

COURT OF APPEAL

Ken Property Sdn Bhd & Ors v. Sazean Holdings Sdn Bhd
Rohana Yusuf, Idrus Harun, Mary Lim JJCA
(Civil Procedure; Contract - Memorandum of understanding - Termination - Injunctive reliefs - Whether monetary damages sufficed as remedy - Delay in application for injunctive reliefs) [2017] 9 CLJ 354 [CA]

Selaman Sdn Bhd & Anor v. Pinang Sari Sdn Bhd
Rohana Yusuf, Vernon Ong Lam Kiat, Hasnah Mohammed Hashim JJCA
(Contact - Time - Late completion - Share sale agreement - Whether time essence of agreement) [2017] 9 CLJ 366 [CA]

HIGH COURT

PP v. Mohd Arabi Aminudden
Ahmad Bache JC
(Criminal Law; Criminal Procedure - Dangerous Drugs Act 1952 - Section 15(1)(a) - Self-administration of dangerous drugs - Procedure for collecting urine sample - Whether in accordance with procedure and existing law) [2017] 9 CLJ 382 [HC]

SUBJECT INDEX

ARBITRATION

Agreement - Construction - Subject matter of arbitration - Two separate contracts - Whether matters arising under one contract could be arbitrated in arbitration proceeding of the other - Judicial seat for arbitration - Whether indicative of applicable or governing law - Arbitration Act 2005, ss. 18(3), 18(5), 37
Thai-Lao Lignite Co Ltd & Anor v. Government Of The Lao People's Democratic Republic
(Hasan Lah, Ramly Ali, Zaharah Ibrahim, Balia Yusof Wahi, Jeffrey Tan FCJJ) [2017] 9 CLJ 273 [FC]

Arbitral award - Setting aside - International arbitration - Jurisdiction of arbitration tribunal - Challenge to jurisdiction - Whether made 'out of time' - Challenge to status and standing of parties in arbitration - Whether simultaneously raising procedural issue of whether arbitrator had jurisdiction - Arbitration Act 2005, s. 18(3)
Thai-Lao Lignite Co Ltd & Anor v. Government Of The Lao People's Democratic Republic
(Hasan Lah, Ramly Ali, Zaharah Ibrahim, Balia Yusof Wahi, Jeffrey Tan FCJJ) [2017] 9 CLJ 273 [FC]

Arbitral award - Setting aside - International arbitration - Application of correct law governing arbitration agreement - UNCITRAL Rules - Proper approach - Whether to be determined by conflict of laws rules - Whether governing law to follow contract - Whether to follow law governing seat - Arbitration Act 2005, ss. 18(3), 18(5), 37
Thai-Lao Lignite Co Ltd & Anor v. Government Of The Lao People's Democratic Republic
(Hasan Lah, Ramly Ali, Zaharah Ibrahim, Balia Yusof Wahi, Jeffrey Tan FCJJ) [2017] 9 CLJ 273 [FC]

CIVIL PROCEDURE

Injunction - Interlocutory injunction - Appeal against - Termination of memorandum of understanding ('MOA') - Respondent applied for injunctive reliefs - Appellants prohibited from taking any action on development of land - Whether respondent novated its position as purchaser of land pursuant to MOA - Whether respondent possessed legal or beneficial right to land - Whether interests of respondent monetary - Whether damages sufficed as remedy to respondent - Delay in application for injunctive reliefs - Whether fatal - Balance of convenience - Whether in favour of appellant
Ken Property Sdn Bhd & Ors v. Sazean Holdings Sdn Bhd
(Rohana Yusuf, Idrus Harun, Mary Lim JJCA) [2017] 9 CLJ 354 [CA]

CONTRACT

Agreement - Termination - Memorandum of understanding ('MOA') - Respondent applied for injunctive reliefs - Appellants prohibited from taking any action on development of land - Whether respondent novated its position as purchaser of land pursuant to MOA - Whether respondent possessed legal or beneficial right to land - Whether interests of respondent monetary - Whether damages sufficed as remedy to respondent - Delay in application for injunctive reliefs - Whether fatal - Balance of convenience - Whether in favour of appellant
Ken Property Sdn Bhd & Ors v. Sazean Holdings Sdn Bhd
(Rohana Yusuf, Idrus Harun, Mary Lim JJCA) [2017] 9 CLJ 354 [CA]

Termination - Validity - Share sale agreement - Whether time of essence of agreement - Intention of parties - Whether to be determined by conduct and dealings of parties - Whether vendor gave reasonable notice of intention to abandon agreement - Whether agreement terminated peremptorily - Whether termination lawful - Whether damages adequate remedy - Whether purchaser entitled to specific performance
Selaman Sdn Bhd & Anor v. Pinang Sari Sdn Bhd
(Rohana Yusuf, Vernon Ong Lam Kiat, Hasnah Mohammed Hashim JJCA) [2017] 9 CLJ 366 [CA]

Time - Late completion - Share sale agreement - Whether time of essence of agreement - Intention of parties - Whether to be determined by conduct and dealings of parties - Whether time no longer of essence once time for completion allowed to pass - Whether vendor gave reasonable notice of intention to abandon agreement - Whether termination of agreement lawful
Selaman Sdn Bhd & Anor v. Pinang Sari Sdn Bhd
(Rohana Yusuf, Vernon Ong Lam Kiat, Hasnah Mohammed Hashim JJCA) [2017] 9 CLJ 366 [CA]

CRIMINAL LAW

Dangerous Drugs Act 1952 - Section 15(1)(a) - Self-administration of dangerous drugs - Procedure for collecting urine sample - Whether in accordance with procedure and existing law - Test used - Screening test and clinical or confirmation test - Whether in conformity with administrative guidelines in IGSO F103 item 8 of Drug Dependants (Treatment and Rehabilitation) Act 1983 and KKM Guidelines Bilangan 6/2000 - Court of Appeal decision in Noor Shariful Rizal Noor Zawawi v. PP - Whether applied retrospectively - Whether binding - Whether administrative guidelines have force of law - Whether correct procedure used - Whether charge against accused proven
PP v. Mohd Arabi Aminudden
(Ahmad Bache JC) [2017] 9 CLJ 382 [HC]

CRIMINAL PROCEDURE

Appeal - Appeal against acquittal and discharge - Dangerous Drugs Act 1952, s. 15(1)(a) - Self-administration of dangerous drugs - Magistrate grounded finding to acquit and discharge based on contradicting evidence of defence and prosecution - Whether contradictions in evidence of defence and prosecution inevitable - Whether Magistrate erred - Whether gave rise to misdirection which warranted intervention - Whether conviction ought to be set aside
PP v. Mohd Arabi Aminudden
(Ahmad Bache JC) [2017] 9 CLJ 382 [HC]

Sentencing - Dangerous drugs - Self-administration of dangerous drugs - Court embarked on balancing exercise between justice to accused and pubic interest - Mitigating factors - First offender, young and served in police force for 14 years - Whether a fine most appropriate - Whether binding over or custodial sentence would be excessive
PP v. Mohd Arabi Aminudden
(Ahmad Bache JC) [2017] 9 CLJ 382 [HC]


ARTICLES

LNS Article(s)

  1. CHINESE ISLAM AND POLITICAL ACCOMMODATION: A TOOL AGAINST EXTREMISM* [Read excerpt]
    by: ALEXANDER WAIN [2017] 1 LNS(A) lxxx

  2. [2017] 1 LNS(A) lxxx
    logo
    MALAYSIA

    CHINESE ISLAM AND POLITICAL ACCOMMODATION: A TOOL AGAINST EXTREMISM*
    by
    ALEXANDER WAIN

    From the mid-seventeenth century onwards, China became host to a distinctive brand of Islam known as the Han Kitab. Ideologically, the Han Kitab came to rest on the Islamic concept of din al-fitra (lit. 'the natural religion'), understood to be the 'correct religion' ordained by God (Qur'an 30:30). Although only perfected in the Qur'an, this 'correct religion' constituted the core of several earlier messages, sent to the peoples of all nations by a series of (usually unidentified) prophets (Qur'an 10:47).

    The authors of China's Han Kitab tradition - comprising a group of Sinicised Muslims known as the Hui - used a close analysis of Neo-Confucian thought to argue that Confucius had been a bearer of din al-fitra. Although they maintained that Islam was more pristine than Neo-Confucianism, they nevertheless sought to establish an equivalency between the key concepts of each tradition, to demonstrate that, at the core of each, beat the same heart. On this basis, the Han Kitab tradition became an early example of ecumenical thought. It also led to a number of important intellectual developments, of which the political thought of Ma Zhu (d.ca.1710) is particularly noteworthy.

    . . .

    * Published with kind permission of the International Institute of Advanced Islamic Studies (IAIS) Malaysia. (www.iais.org.my).


    Please subscribe to cljlaw or login for the full article.
  3. AN APPRAISAL OF THE INVESTIGATORY POWERS OF THE LEGISLATIVE HOUSES UNDER THE 1999 CONSTITUTION [Read excerpt]
    by: O. B. AKINOLA PH.D*
    STELLA BENJAMIN (MRS)**
    [2017] 1 LNS(A) xci

  4. [2017] 1 LNS(A) xci
    logo
    NIGERIA

    AN APPRAISAL OF THE INVESTIGATORY POWERS OF THE LEGISLATIVE HOUSES UNDER THE 1999 CONSTITUTION
    by
    O. B. AKINOLA PH.D*
    STELLA BENJAMIN (MRS)**

    Abstract

    Nigeria practices bicameral legislature and unicameral legislature at the Federal and state levels respectively. Since the return of democratic government in all tiers of the Nigerian government, the military has been in the barracks and the legislative arm of government has been rejuvenated again. Over a decade, there have been more than 50 probe panels constituted by the legislature in the past decade. The legislature has been performing their oversight functions. The question is whether the style of such performance is in conformity with the spirit and letters of the Constitution. This paper reviews the various powers the constitution vests on the legislative arm of government in Nigeria. The paper also observed some lapses in the exercise of these oversight functions. The paper however suggested ways in which this legislative oversight can be strengthened for better policy formulation and legislation to enhance good governance for development.

    . . .

    * LL.B (Hons), LL.M, PhD, Barrister at Law, Senior Lecturer & Ag. Head of Department, Department of Professional Ethics & Skills, Nigerian Law School, Augustine Nnamani Campus, Enugu, Enugu State, Nigeria. akinobukky@gmail.com.

    ** LL.B (Hons), Barrister at Law, Lecturer, Department of Private and Property Law, Faculty of Law Kogi State University, Anyigba, Kogi State, Nigeria.


    Please subscribe to cljlaw or login for the full article.
LEGISLATION HIGHLIGHTS

Principal Acts

Number Title In force from Repealing
ACT 795 Access To Biological Resources and Benefit Sharing Act 2017 Not Yet In Force -
ACT 794 Married Women and Children (Enforcement of Maintenance) Act 1968 (Revised 2017) 16 October 2017 pursuant to paragraph 6(1)(xxiii) of the Revision of Laws Act 1968 [Act 1]; Revised up to 2 October 2017; First enacted in 1968 as Act of Parliament No 8 of 1968; First Revision - 1988 (Act 356 wef 1 December 1988) -
ACT 793 Padi Cultivators (Control of Rent and Security of Tenure) Act 1967 (Revised 2017) 16 October 2017 pursuant to paragraph 6(1)(xxiii) of the Revision of Laws Act 1968 [Act 1]; Revised up to 2 October 2017; First enacted in 1967 as Act of Parliament No 43 of 1967; First Revision - 1994 (Act 528 wef 12 December 1994) -
ACT 792 Sexual Offences Against Children Act 2017 10 July 2017 [PU(B) 340/2017] -
ACT 791 Tourism Tax Act 2017 1 August 2017 [PU(B) 398/2017] - Parts I, II, IV and X, and sections 8 and 9; 1 September 2017 [PU(B) 398/2017] - Parts V, VI, VII, VIII and IX, and sections 6 and 7 -

Amending Acts

Number Title In force from Principal/Amending Act No
ACT A1550 Valuers, Appraisers and Estate Agents (Amendment) Act 2017 Not Yet In Force ACT 242
ACT A1549 Prevention of Crime (Amendment) Act 2017 Not Yet In Force ACT 297
ACT A1548 Legal Aid (Amendment) Act 2017 Not Yet In Force ACT 26
ACT A1547 Tabung Angkatan Tentera (Amendment) Act 2017 Not Yet In Force ACT 101
ACT A1546 Law Reform (Marriage and Divorce) (Amendment) Act 2017 Not Yet In Force ACT 164

PU(A)

Number Title Date of Publication In force from Principal/ Amending Act No
PU(A) 320/2017 Civil Aviation (Exemption) Regulations 2017 19 October 2017 20 October 2017 ACT 3
PU(A) 319/2017 Price Control and Anti-Profiteering (Determination of Maximum Retail Price For Petrol and Diesel) (No. 29) Order 2017 18 October 2017 19 October 2017 ACT 723
PU(A) 318/2017 Central Bank of Malaysia (Implementation of The United Nations Security Council Resolutions Relating To Libya) Regulations 2017 17 October 2017 18 October 2017 ACT 701
PU(A) 317/2017 Federal Roads (Private Management) (Collection of Tolls) (Duta-Ulu Kelang Expressway Phase 2 Sri Damansara Link) Order 2017 17 October 2017 23 October 2017 ACT 306
PU(A) 316/2017 Speed Limit (Duta-Ulu Kelang Expressway Phase 2 Sri Damansara Link) Order 2017 17 October 2017 23 October 2017 ACT 333

PU(B)

Number Title Date of Publication In force from Principal/ Amending Act No
PU(B) 509/2017 Appointment of Date of Coming Into Operation 24 October 2017 25 October 2017 ACT 787
PU(B) 508/2017 Appointment of Date of Coming Into Operation 24 October 2017 25 October 2017 ACT A1525
PU(B) 489/2017 Revocation of Reservation of Land For Public Purpose 20 October 2017 21 October 2017 ACT 56/1965
PU(B) 488/2017 Appointment of Probation Officers 17 October 2017 1 November 2017 ACT 611
PU(B) 487/2017 Appointment of Protectors 17 October 2017 1 November 2017 ACT 611

Legislation Alert

Updated

Act/Principal No. Title Amended by In force from Section amended
ACT 414 Emblems and Names (Prevention of Improper Use) Act 1963 (Revised 1989) ACT A1525 25 October 2017 [PU(B) 508/2017] Section 5
ACT 360 Insolvency Act 1967 (Revised 1988) ACT A1534 6 October 2017 [PU(B) 466/2017] Long title, Heading of Part I, Sections 1, 2, 2A, 2B, 2C, 2D, 2E, 2F, 2G, 2H, 2I, 2J, 2K, 2L, 2M, 2N, 2O, 2P, 2Q,3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 12, 14,15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 26, 27, 28, 29, 30, 31, 32, 33, 33A, 33B, 33C, 36, 38, 45, 47, 49, 55, 62, 72, 73, 77, 77A, 84A, 104, 105, 106, 108, 109, 114, 134,135 and Schedule B
F.M.S CAP. 142 Malay Reservations Enactment [As Applicable to the Federal Territory of Kuala Lumpur] PU(A) 275/2017 29 September 2017 Third Schedule
F.M.S CAP. 142 Malay Reservations Enactment [As Applicable to the Federal Territory of Kuala Lumpur] PU(A) 274/2017 29 September 2017 Second Schedule
ACT 234 Dangerous Drugs Act 1952 (Revised 1980) PU(A) 267/2017 22 September 2017 First Schedule

Revoked

Act/Principal No. Title Revoked by In force from
PU(A) 199/1969 Bankruptcy Rules 1969 PU(A) 305/2017 6 October 2017
PU(B) 472/2016 Appointment and Revocation of Appointment of Director General of the Authority PU(B) 438/2017 22 March 2017
PU(A) 236/2011 Fees (Passports and Visas) (Remission of Fees) Order 2011 PU(A) 246/2017 28 August 2017
PU(A) 170/2011 Private Healthcare Facilities and Services (Compoundable Offences) Regulations 2011 PU(A) 227/2017 1 August 2017
PU(A) 189/1994 Legal Profession (Disciplinary Proceedings) (Investigating Tribunal and Disciplinary Committee) Rules 1994 PU(A) 197/2017 15 July 2017