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Issue #38/2017
21 September 2017

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New This Week

  1. Case(s) of the Week

    1. LIM JEN HSIAN & ANOR v. KETUA PENGARAH JABATAN PENDAFTARAN NEGARA & ORS [2017] 8 CLJ 412

  2. APPEAL UPDATE

    1. APPEAL UPDATE

  3. Latest Cases

    1. Legal Network Series

    2. CLJ 2017 Volume 8 (Part 4)

  4. Articles

    1. LNS Article(s)

  5. Legislation Highlights

    1. Principal Acts

    2. Amending Acts

    3. PU(A)

    4. PU(B)

    5. Legislation Alert

CASE(S) OF THE WEEK

LIM JEN HSIAN & ANOR v.
KETUA PENGARAH JABATAN PENDAFTARAN NEGARA & ORS
[2017] 8 CLJ 412
COURT OF APPEAL, PUTRAJAYA
DAVID WONG DAK WAH JCA, BADARIAH SAHAMID JCA, HARMINDAR SINGH DHALIWAL JCA
[CIVIL APPEAL NO: W-01(A) 391-12-2015]
16 MARCH 2017

ADMINISTRATIVE LAW: Judicial review – Application for – Citizenship of child – Illegitimate child – Child born to Malaysian biological father and Thai biological mother – Requirement of citizenship by jus soli and jus sanguinis – Whether child acquired citizenship of biological mother – Whether requirements under s. 1(e) of Part II, Second Schedule of Federal Constitution fulfilled – Whether child entitled to citizenship by operation of law

CONSTITUTIONAL LAW: Citizenship – Application – Illegitimate child – Child born to Malaysian biological father and Thai biological mother – Requirement of citizenship by jus soli and jus sanguinis – Whether satisfied – Whether child acquired citizenship of biological mother – Whether proven 'not born a citizen of any country' – Whether requirements under s. 1(e) of Part II, Second Schedule of Federal Constitution fulfilled – Whether child entitled to citizenship by operation of law


APPEAL UPDATE  
  1. Gerard Jude Timothy Pereira v Kasi KL Palaniappan [2017] 1 LNS 889 (CA) overruling the High Court case of Gerard Jude Timothy Pereira v Kasi KL Palaniappan [2015] 6 CLJ 620.

  2. Dekon Sdn Bhd v Pembinaan Asas Klasik [2017] 1 LNS 888 (CA) overruling the High Court case of Dekon Sdn Bhd v Pembinaan Asas Klasik [Rayuan Sivil No. K-02-(NCVC)(W)-1340-08-2014] 

LATEST CASES

Legal Network Series

[2016] 1 LNS 1716

KILANG PAPAN SUNGEI DURIAN SDN BHD & SATU LAGI lwn. NG HOCK SENG & YANG LAIN

GANTI RUGI: Taksiran - Ganti rugi kehilangan ekonomi - Ganti rugi bagi bayaran premium - Tuntutan ganti rugi bagi tempoh selepas tempoh perjanjian sewa tanah tamat - Sama ada plaintif telah mengemukakan sebarang bukti untuk menyokong tuntutan ganti rugi bagi tempoh selepas penamatan perjanjian

GANTI RUGI: Taksiran - Pecah kontrak - Tuntutan berdasarkan penghakiman mahkamah dimana ganti rugi tertakluk kepada taksiran - Sama ada plaintif telah mengemukakan bukti-bukti yang kukuh untuk ganti rugi pecah kontrak - Sama ada plaintif telah membuktikan bagaimana jumlah ganti rugi diperoleh

GANTI RUGI: Taksiran - Kos guaman - Penghakiman diperolehi melalui penghakiman ingkar - Resit-resit yang dikemukakan tidak mengandungi butiran kerja dan kos-kos yang ditanggung - Sama ada kos sebanyak RM30,000 adalah mencukupi dan munasabah

[2016] 1 LNS 1717

LEE MING CHAI & SATU LAGI lwn. SYARIKAT MAXIMUM HARVEST SDN BHD & YANG LAIN

PROSEDUR SIVIL: Pembatalan - Saman dan pernyataan tuntutan - Kausa tindakan berdasarkan perjanjian jual beli - Tindakan terhadap pihak yang tidak terlibat di dalam perjanjian jual beli - Tindakan terhadap pengkaveat - Ketiadaan lokus untuk membawa tindakan - Tempoh masa untuk membawa tindakan telah luput - Sama ada kausa tindakan plaintif adalah remeh, menyusahkan dan menyalahgunakan proses mahkamah - Sama ada tuntutan plaintif mempunyai peluang untuk berjaya - Sama ada hak untuk memasukkan kaveat boleh disamakan dengan lokus standi - Sama ada tindakan yang dibuat selepas peluputan tempoh had masa boleh dipertahankan

[2017] 1 LNS 350

JOHANDRA REALTY SDN BHD & ANOR v. KETUA PENGARAH JABATAN PENGAIRAN DAN SALIRAN MALAYSIA & ORS

TORT: Trespass to land - Remedy - Over utilization of land - Utilization beyond land which had been acquired - Defendant alleged lands being reverted and vested in state authority - Whether there was trespass on plaintiffs' land - Whether there was continuing trespass - Whether defendants' trespass had caused severe damage to plaintiffs - Whether exemplary damages ought to be granted

CIVIL PROCEDURE: Defence - Inconsistency - Inconsistent stand taken by defendant in statement of defence and statement of agreed facts - Whether stand taken by defendant in statement of agreed facts prevailed - Whether defendant was bound by what had been agreed

[2017] 1 LNS 351

S GOPAL SUBRAMANIAM v. PAKIAM RAMAN

EVIDENCE: Documentary evidence - Admissibility of - Documents marked as ID - Documents not in agreed bundle - Non-compliance of s. 73A(2) of Evidence Act 1950 - Whether court could disregard documents marked as ID

FAMILY LAW: Division of assets - Shares in profit of company - Claim for 50% shares of profit - Petitioner husband denied contribution made by respondent wife to business - Distributorship was once registered under respondent wife's name - Respondent wife admitted to non-contribution to business - Whether respondent wife was entitled to shares in profit of company - Law Reform (Marriage and Divorce) Act 1976, s. 76

FAMILY LAW: Financial obligation - Ancillary relief - Obligation to pay interest charges and redeem pawned jewellery - Jewellery was pawned by respondent wife to help petitioner husband to meet financial obligation - Whether petitioner husband was duty bound to redeem pawned jewellery

[2017] 1 LNS 355

CHOOT EWE HIN & ANOR v. SAUJANA TRIANGLE SDN BHD & ANOTHER CASE

CIVIL PROCEDURE: Summary judgment - Claim for liquidated ascertained damages ('LAD') - Sale and purchase of property - Purchaser's remedy for breach of sale and purchase agreement ('SPA') by developer - Delay in completion of project - Developer relied on force majuere - Absence of force majuere clause in SPA - Developer alleged main contractor failed to honour its obligation - Whether defence of force majuere available to developer - Whether doctrine of frustration applicable when property had been delivered and common facilities had been completed - Whether absence of any notice to claim compensation by purchaser could preclude purchaser from initiating action to claim LAD - Whether calculation of LAD should be based on discounted price or original price


CLJ 2017 Volume 8 (Part 4)

FEDERAL COURT

Dato' Dr Low Bin Tick v. Datuk Chong Tho Chin & Other Appeals
Ahmad Maarop CJ (Malaya), Richard Malanjum CJ, (Sabah & Sarawak), Hasan Lah, Ramly Ali, Aziah Ali FCJJ
(Tort - Defamation - Defences - Absolute privilege and qualified privilege) [2017] 8 CLJ 369 [FC]

Perbadanan Kemajuan Pertanian Selangor v. JW Properties Sdn Bhd
Zulkefli Ahmad Makinudin PCA, Zainun Ali, Abu Samah Nordin, Ramly Ali, Zaharah Ibrahim FCJJ
(Land Law - Acquisition of land - Compensation - Determination of 'person interested' - Whether registered proprietor or occupier of land) [2017] 8 CLJ 392 [FC]

COURT OF APPEAL

Lim Jen Hsian & Anor v. Ketua Pengarah Jabatan Pendaftaran Negara & Ors
David Wong Dak Wah, Badariah Sahamid, Harmindar Singh Dhaliwal JJCA
(Administrative Law; Constitutional Law - Citizenship - Illegitimate child - Whether entitled to citizenship by operation of law) [2017] 8 CLJ 412 [CA]

Modern Freight Express v. Afzarizzal Abdul Wahab & Ors
Tengku Maimun Tuan Mat, Abdul Rahman Sebli, Zaleha Yusof JJCA
(Customs And Excise - Seizure of goods - Whether claim made within one month calendar period from date of seizure) [2017] 8 CLJ 425 [CA]

HIGH COURT

Mohamed Sadik Mohamed Ali & Anor v. Menteri Dalam Negeri & Ors
Hanipah Farikullah J
(Constitutional Law - Citizenship - Registration - Whether applicants' substantive right to citizenship undermined by procedural requirement) [2017] 8 CLJ 442 [HC]

Tan Poh Lee & Ors v. Tan Kim Choo & Anor
Abu Bakar Jais J
(Mental Disorders And Treatment - Inquiry - Whether first defendant entitled to medical experts' opinion finding him mentally capable) [2017] 8 CLJ 451 [HC]

Tenaga Nasional Bhd lwn. Majlis Daerah Tapah
Che Mohd Ruzima Ghazali H
(Undang-undang Hasil; Pentafsiran Berkanun - Cukai taksiran tahunan - Cukai atas terowong air - Sama ada 'jentera' atau 'bangunan') [2017] 8 CLJ 464 [HC]

Teoh Weng You & Anor v. Tan Hee Joo
Ahmad Shahrir Mohd Salleh JC
(Road Traffic; Tort - Negligence - Road accident - Liability and quantum - Conflicting versions of accident) [2017] 8 CLJ 477 [HC]

SUBJECT INDEX

ADMINISTRATIVE LAW

Judicial review - Application for - Citizenship of child - Illegitimate child - Child born to Malaysian biological father and Thai biological mother - Requirement of citizenship by jus soli and jus sanguinis - Whether child acquired citizenship of biological mother - Whether requirements under s. 1(e) of Part II, Second Schedule of Federal Constitution fulfilled - Whether child entitled to citizenship by operation of law
Lim Jen Hsian & Anor v. Ketua Pengarah Jabatan Pendaftaran Negara & Ors
(David Wong Dak Wah, Badariah Sahamid, Harmindar Singh Dhaliwal JJCA) [2017] 8 CLJ 412 [CA]

CONSTITUTIONAL LAW

Citizenship - Application - Illegitimate child - Child born to Malaysian biological father and Thai biological mother - Requirement of citizenship by jus soli and jus sanguinis - Whether satisfied - Whether child acquired citizenship of biological mother - Whether proven 'not born a citizen of any country' - Whether requirements under s. 1(e) of Part II, Second Schedule of Federal Constitution fulfilled - Whether child entitled to citizenship by operation of law
Lim Jen Hsian & Anor v. Ketua Pengarah Jabatan Pendaftaran Negara & Ors
(David Wong Dak Wah, Badariah Sahamid, Harmindar Singh Dhaliwal JJCA) [2017] 8 CLJ 412 [CA]

Citizenship - Registration - Application for extension of time to register births to obtain Malaysian citizenship under art. 14(1)(b) of Federal Constitution read together with s. 1(c) of Part II, Second Schedule - Whether applicants exceeded one year time limit in registration of birth - Time period of registration - Whether a mere procedural requirement - Whether applicants' substantive right to citizenship undermined on mere procedural requirement - Whether applicants' father a Malaysian citizen at time of applicants' birth - Whether applicants' mother holds permanent residence in Malaysia - Whether all necessary steps and measures taken to register birth of applicants - Whether applicants automatically Malaysian citizens by operation of law
Mohamed Sadik Mohamed Ali & Anor v. Menteri Dalam Negeri & Ors
(Hanipah Farikullah J) [2017] 8 CLJ 442 [HC]

CUSTOMS AND EXCISE

Seizure - Seizure of goods - Written claims made to Customs Department not entertained - Customs Department did not refer matter to Magistrates' Court and did not proceed with prosecution - Whether claim made within one month calendar period from date of seizure - Whether claim must be made by owner and not representative - Whether claim made by solicitors valid - Whether there was further detention of consignment - Customs Act 1967, s. 128
Modern Freight Express v. Afzarizzal Abdul Wahab & Ors
(Tengku Maimun Tuan Mat, Abdul Rahman Sebli, Zaleha Yusof JJCA) [2017] 8 CLJ 425 [CA]

LAND LAW

Acquisition of land - Compensation - Award by Land Administrator - Rightful party to claim for compensation - Determination of 'person interested' - Whether registered proprietor or occupier of land - Whether occupier of land first party to be affected by compulsory acquisition - Whether occupier of land would be evicted and lose possession of land - Whether occupier was bona fide purchaser and established lawful interest in land - Whether there was a need to establish registrable interest under National Land Code to be entitled to compensation - Whether consent of State Authority required to transfer land - Whether a constructive trust in favour of occupier of land had arisen by operation of law - Land Acquisition Act 1960, ss. 2, 12
Perbadanan Kemajuan Pertanian Selangor v. JW Properties Sdn Bhd
(Zulkefli Ahmad Makinudin PCA, Zainun Ali, Abu Samah Nordin, Ramly Ali, Zaharah Ibrahim FCJJ) [2017] 8 CLJ 392 [FC]

MENTAL DISORDERS AND TREATMENT

Inquiry - Application for - Inquiry for determination of first defendant's mental health - Conflicting medical reports - Whether more contemporaneous report preferred - Whether a person should not be made subject of inquiry when there are conflicting medical reports - Whether first defendant entitled to medical experts' opinion finding him mentally capable - Mental Health Act 2001, s. 52
Tan Poh Lee & Ors v. Tan Kim Choo & Anor
(Abu Bakar Jais J) [2017] 8 CLJ 451 [HC]

ROAD TRAFFIC

Dangerous driving - Overtaking - Parties involved in accident gave different versions of accident - Whether court presented with sketch plans and photographs of scene showing positions of vehicles - Probable version based on damages on vehicles - Whether judge applied correct principles - Whether findings and apportionment of liability supported by evidence
Teoh Weng You & Anor v. Tan Hee Joo
(Ahmad Shahrir Mohd Salleh JC) [2017] 8 CLJ 477 [HC]

TORT

Defamation - Defence - Absolute privilege - Plaintiff an advocate and solicitor and president of sports association - Letters of complaint - Letters of complaint to Anti-Corruption Agency, Commercial Crime Division, Registrar of Societies and Bar Council alleging improprieties by plaintiff against association - Whether defamatory - Authority or mandate - Whether a necessary requirement for defence of absolute privilege
Dato' Dr Low Bin Tick v. Datuk Chong Tho Chin & Other Appeals
(Ahmad Maarop CJ (Malaya), Richard Malanjum CJ (Sabah & Sarawak), Hasan Lah, Ramly Ali, Aziah Ali FCJJ) [2017] 8 CLJ 369 [FC]

Defamation - Defence - Qualified privilege - Whether defendant had interest to send letter to Bar Council and its Disciplinary Board - Whether Bar Council and Disciplinary Board had corresponding interest to receive communication - Malice - Whether defence of qualified privilege not available if defendant actuated by actual or express malice - Whether malice proved
Dato' Dr Low Bin Tick v. Datuk Chong Tho Chin & Other Appeals
(Ahmad Maarop CJ (Malaya), Richard Malanjum CJ (Sabah & Sarawak), Hasan Lah, Ramly Ali, Aziah Ali FCJJ) [2017] 8 CLJ 369 [FC]

Defamation - Defences - Absolute privilege and qualified privilege - Plaintiff an advocate and solicitor and president of sports association - Letters of complaint - Letters of complaint to Anti-Corruption Agency, Commercial Crime Division, Registrar of Societies and Bar Council alleging improprieties by plaintiff against association - Whether defamatory - Whether occasions protected by absolute privilege - Whether protected by qualified privilege - Ratio in Lee Yoke Yam v. Chin Keat Seng - Applicability
Dato' Dr Low Bin Tick v. Datuk Chong Tho Chin & Other Appeals
(Ahmad Maarop CJ (Malaya), Richard Malanjum CJ (Sabah & Sarawak), Hasan Lah, Ramly Ali, Aziah Ali FCJJ) [2017] 8 CLJ 369 [FC]

Negligence - Road accident - Liability and quantum - Conflicting versions of accident - Whether findings and apportionment of liability supported by evidence - Whether damages awarded appropriate and correct
Teoh Weng You & Anor v. Tan Hee Joo
(Ahmad Shahrir Mohd Salleh JC) [2017] 8 CLJ 477 [HC]

INDEKS PERKARA

PENTAFSIRAN BERKANUN

Statut percukaian - Cukai pendapatan - Cukai taksiran tahunan - Cukai atas terowong air - Sama ada terowong air adalah 'jentera' atau 'bangunan' - Tafsiran 'jentera' dan 'bangunan' - Sama ada terowong air wajar dikenakan/dikecualikan cukai taksiran tahunan - Akta Kerajaan Tempatan 1976, ss. 2 & 144 - Akta Kilang dan Jentera 1967, s. 3
Tenaga Nasional Bhd lwn. Majlis Daerah Tapah
(Che Mohd Ruzima Ghazali H) [2017] 8 CLJ 464 [HC]

UNDANG-UNDANG HASIL

Cukai pendapatan - Cukai taksiran tahunan - Cukai atas terowong air - Sama ada terowong air adalah 'jentera' atau 'bangunan' - Sama ada terowong air wajar dikenakan/dikecualikan cukai taksiran tahunan - Akta Kerajaan Tempatan 1976, ss. 2 & 144 - Akta Kilang dan Jentera 1967, s. 3
Tenaga Nasional Bhd lwn. Majlis Daerah Tapah
(Che Mohd Ruzima Ghazali H) [2017] 8 CLJ 464 [HC]


ARTICLES

LNS Article(s)

  1. KESALAHAN BERHUBUNG DENGAN KUMPULAN SAMSENG DI BAWAH AKTA PERTUBUHAN 1966: SUATU TINJAUAN [Read excerpt]
    by: RAMALINGGAM RAJAMANICKAM*
    KEVIN BRENDAN KUNG**
    [2017] 1 LNS(A) lxxix

  2. [2017] 1 LNS(A) lxxix
    logo
    MALAYSIA

    KESALAHAN BERHUBUNG DENGAN KUMPULAN SAMSENG DI BAWAH AKTA PERTUBUHAN 1966: SUATU TINJAUAN
    by
    RAMALINGGAM RAJAMANICKAM*
    KEVIN BRENDAN KUNG**

    ABSTRAK

    Kewujudan kumpulan samseng merupakan suatu isu yang lama bukan sahaja di Malaysia tetapi juga di mimbar dunia. Namun begitu, isu kumpulan samseng hangat diperkatakan di Malaysia kebelakangan ini rentetan daripada pendedahan senarai kumpulan samseng yang dikatakan sebagai kongsi gelap oleh Kementerian Dalam Negeri (KDN) yang boleh dikenakan hukuman menurut Akta Pertubuhan 1966; kongsi gelap; kumpulan samseng; pertubuhan

    . . .

    * Pensyarah Kanan, Fakulti Undang-undang, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia (UKM), 43600 Bangi, Selangor Darul Ehsan, Malaysia. rama@ukm.edu.my

    ** Pelajar Prasiswazah, Fakulti Undang-undang, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia (UKM), 43600 Bangi, Selangor Darul Ehsan, Malaysia. kevin-swiss@hotmail.com.


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LEGISLATION HIGHLIGHTS

Principal Acts

Number Title In force from Repealing
ACT 792 Sexual Offences Against Children Act 2017 10 July 2017 [PU(B) 340/2017] -
ACT 791 Tourism Tax Act 2017 1 August 2017 [PU(B) 398/2017] - Parts I, II, IV and X, and sections 8 and 9; 1 September 2017 [PU(B) 398/2017] - Parts V, VI, VII, VIII and IX, and sections 6 and 7 -
ACT 790 Courts (Modes of Commencement of Civil Actions) Act 2017 15 July 2017 [PU(B) 341/2017] -
ACT 789 Self-Employment Social Security Act 2017 13 June 2017 [PU(B) 299/2017] -
ACT 788 Civil Aviation Authority of Malaysia Act 2017 Not Yet In Force -

Amending Acts

Number Title In force from Principal/Amending Act No
ACT A1537 Strategic Trade (Amendment) Act 2017 8 September 2017 [PU(B) 433/2017] ACT 708
ACT A1536 Penal Code (Amendment) Act 2017 1 September 2017 [PU(B) 410/2017] ACT 574
ACT A1535 Private Higher Educational Institutions (Amendment) Act 2017 Not Yet In Force ACT 555
ACT A1534 Bankruptcy (Amendment) Act 2017 Not Yet In Force ACT 360
ACT A1533 Consumer Protection (Amendment) Act 2017 Not Yet In Force ACT 599

PU(A)

Number Title Date of Publication In force from Principal/ Amending Act No
PU(A) 265/2017 Loans Guarantee (Bodies Corporate) (Remission of Tax and Stamp Duty) (No. 5) Order 2017 18 September 2017 19 September 2017 ACT 96
PU(A) 264/2017 Loans Guarantee (Declaration of Bodies Corporate) (MKD Kencana Sdn. Bhd.) Order 2017 18 September 2017 19 September 2017 ACT 96
PU(A) 263/2017 Loans Guarantee (Bodies Corporate) (Remission of Tax and Stamp Duty) (No. 4) Order 2017 15 September 2017 18 September 2017 ACT 96
PU(A) 262/2017 Loans Guarantee (Declaration of Bodies Corporate) (Syarikat Perumahan Negara Berhad) Order 2017 15 September 2017 18 September 2017 ACT 96
PU(A) 261/2017 Factories and Machinery (Exemption of Certificate of Fitness For Unfired Pressure Vessel) Order 2017 14 September 2017 1 October 2017 ACT 139

PU(B)

Number Title Date of Publication In force from Principal/ Amending Act No
PU(B) 447/2017 Notification of Values of Crude Palm Oil Under Section 12 18 September 2017 1 October 2017 to 31 October 2017 ACT 235
PU(B) 446/2017 Fatwa Under Section 34 18 September 2017 19 September 2017 ACT 505
PU(B) 445/2017 Reservation of Land For Public Purpose For Lot 35304 Mukim Kuala Lumpur 15 September 2017 16 September 2017 ACT 56/1965
PU(B) 444/2017 Reservation of Land For Public Purpose For Lot 20006 Bandar Kuala Lumpur 15 September 2017 16 September 2017 ACT 56/1965
PU(B) 443/2017 Reservation of Land For Public Purpose For Lot 22109 Mukim Batu 15 September 2017 16 September 2017 ACT 56/1965

Legislation Alert

Updated

Act/Principal No. Title Amended by In force from Section amended
PU(B) 284/2015 Appointment and Revocation of Appointment of Board Officers PU(B) 442/2017 10 April 2017 First Schedule
ACT 438 Free Zones Act 1990 PU(B) 440/2017 15 September 2017 First Schedule
PU(A) 240/2017 Tourism Tax (Exemption) Order 2017 PU(A) 260/2017 15 September 2017 Subsubparagraph 3(d)
PU(A) 288/2011 Malaysia Deposit Insurance Corporation (Allocation of Expenses, Costs Or Losses) Order 2011 PU(A) 249/2017 Assessment year of 2017 Paragraphs 2, 3 and 4
PU(A) 437/1985 Food Regulations 1985 PU(A) 256/2017 1 December 2017 Regulations 4, 5 and 397; Third and Fourth Schedules

Revoked

Act/Principal No. Title Revoked by In force from
PU(B) 472/2016 Appointment and Revocation of Appointment of Director General of the Authority PU(B) 438/2017 22 March 2017
PU(A) 236/2011 Fees (Passports and Visas) (Remission of Fees) Order 2011 PU(A) 246/2017 28 August 2017
PU(A) 170/2011 Private Healthcare Facilities and Services (Compoundable Offences) Regulations 2011 PU(A) 227/2017 1 August 2017
PU(A) 189/1994 Legal Profession (Disciplinary Proceedings) (Investigating Tribunal and Disciplinary Committee) Rules 1994 PU(A) 197/2017 15 July 2017
PU(A) 68/1974 Medical Regulations 1974 PU(A) 188/2017 1 July 2017 except paragraphs 28(2)(a) and (b); 1 January 2019 - paragraphs 28(2)(a) and (b)