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Issue #34/2017
24 August 2017

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New This Week

  1. Case(s) of the Week

    1. KHATIJAH ABDULLAH & ORS v. MOHD ISA BIRAN [2017] 7 CLJ 513

    2. LING PEEK HOE & ANOR v. DING SIEW CHING & ANOTHER APPEAL [2017] 7 CLJ 641

  2. Appeal Update

    1. Appeal Update

  3. Latest Cases

    1. Legal Network Series

    2. CLJ 2017 Volume 7 (Part 5)

    3. CLJ 2017 Volume 7 (Part 6)

  4. Articles

    1. LNS Article(s)

  5. Legislation Highlights

    1. Principal Acts

    2. Amending Acts

    3. PU(A)

    4. PU(B)

    5. Legislation Alert

CASE(S) OF THE WEEK

KHATIJAH ABDULLAH & ORS v. MOHD ISA BIRAN [2017] 7 CLJ 513
FEDERAL COURT, PUTRAJAYA
ARIFIN ZAKARIA CJ, ZULKEFLI AHMAD MAKINUDIN CJ (MALAYA), SURIYADI HALIM OMAR FCJ, HASAN LAH FCJ, AZIAH ALI FCJ
[CIVIL APPEAL NO: 02(f)-28-04-2015(W)]
12 JANUARY 2017

LAND LAW: Sale and purchase agreement – Transfer of land – Restriction in interest – Land could not be transferred without consent of State Authority – Failure to apply for consent – Whether transfer incapable of registration – Whether voiding sale and purchase agreement

LAND LAW: Sale of land – Consent of state authority – Delay in completing transaction – Delay of 20 years in applying for consent – Whether unreasonably long – Whether sale and purchase agreement became void and unenforceable

CONTRACT: Limitation – Applicability – Sale of land – Sale contingent upon consent of State Authority – Failure to apply for consent – Whether limitation could apply to case where contract became void for failure of condition precedent – Contracts Act 1950, s. 33 – Applicability of


LING PEEK HOE & ANOR v. DING SIEW CHING & ANOTHER APPEAL [2017] 7 CLJ 641
FEDERAL COURT, PUTRAJAYA
MD RAUS SHARIF PCA, RICHARD MALANJUM CJ (SABAH & SARAWAK), ABU SAMAH NORDIN FCJ RAMLY ALI FCJ, ZAHARAH IBRAHIM FCJ
[CIVIL APPEALS NO: 02(f)-23-04-2016 (A) & 02(f)-24-04-2016 (A)]
20 JUNE 2017

CIVIL PROCEDURE: Fraud – Standard of proof – Civil action – Whether plaintiffs proved case on balance of probabilities – Whether Court of Appeal correct in applying test of proof beyond reasonable doubt – Doctrine of prospective overruling – Whether applied to all pending cases and cases under appeal – Whether future cases should mean only cases yet to be filed in courts – Whether present case a live case – Whether appeal process had not yet been exhausted – Whether irresistible conclusion test similar to beyond reasonable doubt test – Whether plaintiffs only required to prove case on balance of probabilities – Sinnaiyah & Sons Sdn Bhd v. Damai Setia Sdn Bhd

EVIDENCE: Proof – Standard of proof – Civil action – Whether plaintiffs proved case on balance of probabilities – Whether Court of Appeal correct in applying test of proof beyond reasonable doubt – Doctrine of prospective overruling – Whether applied to all pending cases and cases under appeal – Whether future cases should mean only cases yet to be filed in courts – Whether present case a live case – Whether appeal process had not yet been exhausted – Whether irresistible conclusion test similar to beyond reasonable doubt test – Whether plaintiffs only required to prove case on balance of probabilities – Sinnaiyah & Sons Sdn Bhd v. Damai Setia Sdn Bhd


APPEAL UPDATE  
  1. Zhou Xing Chen v. Dato' Ong Eng Lock & Ors [2017] 1 LNS 871 overruling the High Court case of Zhou Xing Chen v. Dato' Ong Eng Lock & Ors: Civil Suit No. 22NCC-640-05-2012
  2. PP lwn. Hare Krishnan K Subramaniam & Yang Lain [2017] 1 LNS 866 affirming the High Court case of PP lwn. Hare Krishnan K Subramaniam & Yang Lain: Criminal Trial No: 46B-02-09/2013&46B-03-09-2013
  3. Adiele Chinenyeze Sylvanus lwn. PP [2017] 1 LNS 874 affirming the High Court case of PP lwn. Adiele Chinenyeze Sylvanus: Criminal Trial No 45A-63-03-2013
  4. Mohamed Ismail Sahul Hameed v. PP [2017] 1 LNS 865 affirming the High Court case of PP lwn. Mohamed Ismail Sahul Hameed: Criminal Case No 45-2-2008
LATEST CASES

Legal Network Series

[2016] 1 LNS 1037

KS SARAVANAN KRISHNAN lwn. PP

PROSEDUR JENAYAH: Rayuan - Rayuan terhadap hukuman - Hukuman penjara - Hukuman penjara 12 bulan dan 2 sebatan rotan bagi 4 kesalahan dibawah s. 420 Kanun Keseksaan - Hukuman dijatuhkan berjalan berasingan dan berturutan - Prinsip satu transaksi - Sama ada kesalahan-kesalahan yang dilakukan adalah berdasarkan satu transaksi - Sama ada hukuman penjara yang telah dijatuhkan adalah berlebihan - Sama ada hukuman penjara wajar dijatuhkan berjalan secara berturutan

[2016] 1 LNS 1436

PP v. THIYAGARAJAN MUNAINDY & ORS

CRIMINAL PROCEDURE: Sentencing - Mitigation - Guilty plea - Possession of dangerous drugs - Possession of drugs in small amount - First time offender - Accused persons being breadwinner of family and caregiver of children - Public interest - Whether guilty plea saves judicial time and government's costs - Whether guilty plea could be taken as mitigating factor in all drug cases - Whether public interest is best served if accused, being first time offender, is given a chance to rehabilitate

[2017] 1 LNS 26

PP (SPRM) lwn. MOHD NADZRI SAAD & SATU LAGI

UNDANG-UNDANG JENAYAH: Rasuah - Pemerolehan suapan - Kewujudan dua versi yang bertentangan berkenaan permintaan dan penerimaan wang - Kehadiran tertuduh di lokasi adalah untuk menjalankan tugas menangkap pengedar dadah - Penafian permintaan wang - Wang dihulurkan oleh suspek yang berjanji akan membawa pengedar dadah - Sama ada anggapan dibawah s. 50 Akta Suruhanjaya Pencegahan Rasuah Malaysia 2009 telah dipatahkan - Sama ada inferen yang memihak kepada tertuduh wajar diterima - Sama ada tertuduh wajar dibebaskan dan dilepaskan daripada pertuduhan

KETERANGAN: Inferen bertentangan - Kegagalan memanggil saksi yang material - Ketiadaan usaha untuk mengesan saksi - Sama ada anggapan dibawah s. 114(g) Akta Keterangan 1950 terpakai

[2017] 1 LNS 46

PP v. TEE CHIH WEI & ANOTHER CASES

EVIDENCE: Statement - Statement under s. 112 of the Criminal Procedure Code - Admissibility - Police failed to exhaust all reasonable steps to locate witness - Statement recorded four years before trial but efforts to trace witnesses made at eleventh hour - Whether requirement under s. 32 of Evidence Act 1950 was fulfilled - Whether s. 112 statement was admissible

CRIMINAL LAW: Common intention - Participation in criminal act - Murder - Preparation and execution of plan to kill - Whether accused persons committed crime in furtherance of their common intention

CRIMINAL PROCEDURE: Defence - Alibi or denial - Absence of direct evidence to show accused was at crime scene - Prosecution relied on circumstantial evidence - Whether defence of alibi applicable - Whether there was requirement to give notice of alibi to prosecution - Whether accused persons successfully raised reasonable doubt in prosecution case

[2017] 1 LNS 53

MERCK SHARP & DOHME CORP & ANOR v. HOVID BHD

CIVIL PROCEDURE: Costs - Assessment - Costs to follow event - Whether costs includes disbursements - Whether costs should be assessed on an indemnity basis - Rules of Court 2012, O. 59 rr. 3(2), 16(3) & 19(1)

INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY: Infringement - Invalidation of patent - Application under s. 56 of Patents Act 1983 ('PA') - Whether defendant was aggrieved person within meaning of s. 56 of PA- Whether legal burden is on person asserting patent is invalid - Whether elements under s. 56(2) of PA satisfied - Whether a similar patent could be invalidated on ground of lack of novelty - Whether patent could be invalidated if description does not comply with s. 23 of PA

INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY: Patent - Patentability - Claim for patent rights - Whether court could consider patentee's subjective thoughts, intention and purpose - Whether claim should define invention in terms of technical features - Whether court should construe a patent in purposive or literal manner - Whether plaintiff's patent was industrially applicable under s. 16 of Patents Act 1983


CLJ 2017 Volume 7 (Part 5)

FEDERAL COURT

Khatijah Abdullah & Ors v. Mohd Isa Biran
Arifin Zakaria CJ, Zulkefli Ahmad Makinudin CJ (Malaya), Suriyadi Halim Omar, Hasan Lah, Aziah Ali FCJJ
(Land Law; Contract - Sale of land - Consent of state authority - Delay in completing transaction) [2017] 7 CLJ 513 [FC]

Kumpulan Darul Ehsan Bhd v. Mastika Lagenda Sdn Bhd
Zulkefli Ahmad Makinudin CJ (Malaya), Richard Malanjum CJ (Sabah & Sarawak), Ahmad Maarop, Zaharah Ibrahim, Balia Yusof Wahi FCJJ)
(Contract; Limitation - Shares sale agreement - Termination) [2017] 7 CLJ 525 [FC]

COURT OF APPEAL

A Child & Ors v. Jabatan Pendaftaran Negara & Ors
Tengku Maimun Tuan Mat, Abdul Rahman Sebli, Zaleha Yusof JJCA
(Administrative Law; Children - Illegitimate child - Ascription - Muslim child born less than six months from date of parents' marriage) [2017] 7 CLJ 533 [CA]

Majlis Bandaraya Shah Alam v. Only One Foot Reflexology Sdn Bhd
Alizatul Khair Osman, Abang Iskandar, Nallini Pathmanathan JJCA
(Local Government - City Council - Search and seizure - Lack of authority) [2017] 7 CLJ 557 [CA]

Malayan Banking Bhd & Ors v. Tho Siew Wah & Anor And Another Appeal
Alizatul Khair Osman, Abang Iskandar, Nallini Pathmanathan JJCA
(Land Law; Public Law - Public authorities - Registrar of Land Titles - Transfer of land) [2017] 7 CLJ 573 [CA]

HIGH COURT

DKLS Sunshine Sdn Bhd v. Kerajaan Negeri Pulau Pinang & Anor
Azmi Abdullah JC
(Administrative Law; Civil Procedure - Preliminary objection - Issues raised - Application for judicial review) [2017] 7 CLJ 602 [HC]

Muhammad Ali Rahmat v. AmGeneral Insurance Bhd
S Nantha Balan J
(Civil Procedure; Evidence; Road Traffic - Accident - Insurance - Road accident involving car, motorcycle and lorry) [2017] 7 CLJ 612 [HC]

Thein Kim Chong v. Foong Neoh Ji & Ors
Vazeer Alam Mydin Meera J
(Succession - Probate - Will - Validity) [2017] 7 CLJ 626 [HC]

SUBJECT INDEX

ADMINISTRATIVE LAW

Exercise of administrative powers - Judicial review - Application for - Whether Director General of National Registration has power under Births and Deaths Registration Act 1957 ('BDRA') to ascribe patronymic surname 'bin Abdullah' to illegitimate Muslim child - Entry of illegitimate child's surname in register pursuant to s. 13 of BDRA - Father applied to use his name as child's surname - Whether requirements under s. 13A(2) of BDRA fulfilled - Whether entry of surname 'Abdullah' in child's birth certificate an error of fact and substance within meaning of s. 27(3) of BDRA - Whether a requirement of law that birth certificate of illegitimate child must be endorsed with s. 13 information - Whether Director General's decision to make impugned entries in child's birth certificate unauthorised by law - Whether Director General acted outside scope of power and in excess of jurisdiction
A Child & Ors v. Jabatan Pendaftaran Negara & Ors
(Tengku Maimun Tuan Mat, Abdul Rahman Sebli, Zaleha Yusof JJCA) [2017] 7 CLJ 533 [CA]

Exercise of judicial functions - Judicial review - Application for - Preliminary objection raised - Whether application filed beyond time prescribed under O. 53 r. 3(6) of Rules of Court 2012 - Whether judicial review for an order of certiorari to set aside acquisition of land or against decision pertaining compensation - Whether issue of applicant exceeding prescribed time frame for filing judicial review could be raised by way of preliminary objection - Whether preliminary objection could be raised as this stage of proceedings - Whether there was legal impediment in law for such recourse being undertaken - Whether respondents barred and estopped from raising preliminary objection - Whether preliminary objection ought to be upheld - Whether judicial review ought to be dismissed in limine - Kijal Resort Sdn Bhd v. Pentadbir Tanah Kemaman & Anor
DKLS Sunshine Sdn Bhd v. Kerajaan Negeri Pulau Pinang & Anor
(Azmi Abdullah JC) [2017] 7 CLJ 602 [HC]

Remedies - Judicial review - Application for - Whether Director General of National Registration has power under Births and Deaths Registration Act 1957 ('BRDA') to ascribe patronymic surname 'bin Abdullah' to illegitimate Muslim child - Muslim child born less than six months from date of parents' marriage - Whether fatwa stating that illegitimate child cannot be surnamed to the father could be used as a source of legal authority for purpose of determining an illegitimate child's surname under s. 13A(2) of BDRA - Whether fatwa or religious edict issued by religious body has force of law - Whether there was basis to invoke religious element in decision making process - Whether Director General acted outside scope of power and in excess of jurisdiction
A Child & Ors v. Jabatan Pendaftaran Negara & Ors
(Tengku Maimun Tuan Mat, Abdul Rahman Sebli, Zaleha Yusof JJCA) [2017] 7 CLJ 533 [CA]

CHILDREN

Illegitimate child - Ascription - Muslim child born less than six months from date of parents' marriage - Entry of illegitimate child's surname in register pursuant to s. 13 of Births and Deaths Registration Act 1957 ('BDRA') - Father applied to use his name as child's surname - Whether requirements under s. 13A(2) of BDRA fulfilled - Director General of National Registration rejected father's application and ascribed patronymic surname 'bin Abdullah' to child - Whether Director General has power to do so - Whether entry of surname 'Abdullah' in child's birth certificate an error of fact and substance within meaning of s. 27(3) of BDRA - Whether a requirement of law that birth certificate of illegitimate child must be endorsed with s. 13 information - Whether fatwa stating that illegitimate child cannot be surnamed to the father could be used as a source of legal authority for the purpose of determining an illegitimate child's surname under s. 13A(2) of BDRA - Whether there was basis to invoke religious element in decision making process - Whether father has statutory right to have his name ascribed as child's surname in birth certificate - Whether Director General acted outside scope of power and in excess of jurisdiction
A Child & Ors v. Jabatan Pendaftaran Negara & Ors
(Tengku Maimun Tuan Mat, Abdul Rahman Sebli, Zaleha Yusof JJCA) [2017] 7 CLJ 533 [CA]

CIVIL PROCEDURE

Preliminary objection - Issues raised - Application for judicial review - Whether application filed beyond time prescribed under O. 53 r. 3(6) of Rules of Court 2012 - Whether issue of applicant exceeding prescribed time frame for filing judicial review could be raised by way of preliminary objection - Whether preliminary objection could be raised as this stage of proceedings - Whether there was legal impediment in law for such recourse being undertaken - Whether respondents barred and estopped from raising preliminary objection - Whether preliminary objection ought to be upheld - Whether judicial review ought to be dismissed in limine - Kijal Resort Sdn Bhd v. Pentadbir Tanah Kemaman & Anor
DKLS Sunshine Sdn Bhd v. Kerajaan Negeri Pulau Pinang & Anor

(Azmi Abdullah JC) [2017] 7 CLJ 602 [HC]

Service - Notice of appeal - Appeal against decision of Sessions Court - Service of notice of appeal not endorsed by Registry of court - Whether service accepted without any protest - Whether service irregular and deemed as non-service - Whether ruling and legal principles in MBf Cards Services Sdn Bhd v Chew Ah Too good law and applicable - Whether appeal competent - Rules of Court 2012, O. 62 r. 6(3) & O. 55 rr. 3(4) & 5(2)
Muhammad Ali Rahmat v. AmGeneral Insurance Bhd
(S Nantha Balan J) [2017] 7 CLJ 612 [HC]

Judgments and orders - Declaratory order - Road accident - Suits against insurer commenced at Sessions Court ('first court') - Insurer sought declaratory order from Sessions Court ('second court') on issue of liability while trial at first court was on-going - Second court declared insurer not liable after first court declared insurer liable - Whether decision after trial - Whether declaratory orders may legally be made
Muhammad Ali Rahmat v. AmGeneral Insurance Bhd
(S Nantha Balan J) [2017] 7 CLJ 612 [HC]

CONTRACT

Construction - Shares sale agreement - Termination - Application for refund of purchase price - Whether action or application time-barred - Option to terminate - Whether to be exercised within reasonable time - Whether issues of laches and reasonableness of time arose - Whether plaintiff entitled to refund
Kumpulan Darul Ehsan Bhd v. Mastika Lagenda Sdn Bhd
(Zulkefli Ahmad Makinudin CJ (Malaya), Richard Malanjum CJ (Sabah & Sarawak), Ahmad Maarop FCJ, Zaharah Ibrahim FCJ, Balia Yusof Wahi FCJ) [2017] 7 CLJ 525 [CA]

Limitation - Applicability - Sale of land - Sale contingent upon consent of State Authority - Failure to apply for consent - Whether limitation could apply to case where contract became void for failure of condition precedent - Contracts Act 1950, s. 33 - Applicability of
Khatijah Abdullah & Ors v. Mohd Isa Biran
(Arifin Zakaria CJ, Zulkefli Ahmad Makinudin CJ (Malaya), Suriyadi Halim Omar, Hasan Lah, Aziah Ali FCJJ) [2017] 7 CLJ 513 [FC]

EVIDENCE

Fresh or further evidence - On appeal - Appeal against decision of Sessions Court - Appellant sought to adduce grounds of judgment of Sessions Court - Whether grounds of judgment relevant and material to appeal - Whether ought to be tendered as part of record during hearing of appeal
Muhammad Ali Rahmat v. AmGeneral Insurance Bhd
(S Nantha Balan J) [2017] 7 CLJ 612 [HC]

LAND LAW

Sale and purchase agreement - Transfer of land - Restriction in interest - Land could not be transferred without consent of State Authority - Failure to apply for consent - Whether transfer incapable of registration - Whether voiding sale and purchase agreement
Khatijah Abdullah & Ors v. Mohd Isa Biran
(Arifin Zakaria CJ, Zulkefli Ahmad Makinudin CJ (Malaya), Suriyadi Halim Omar, Hasan Lah, Aziah Ali FCJJ) [2017] 7 CLJ 513 [FC]

Sale of land - Consent of state authority - Delay in completing transaction - Delay of 20 years in applying for consent - Whether unreasonably long - Whether sale and purchase agreement became void and unenforceable
Khatijah Abdullah & Ors v. Mohd Isa Biran
(Arifin Zakaria CJ, Zulkefli Ahmad Makinudin CJ (Malaya), Suriyadi Halim Omar, Hasan Lah, Aziah Ali FCJJ) [2017] 7 CLJ 513 [FC]

Sale of land - Indefeasibility of title and interests - Registrar of Land Titles - Transfer of land - Issuance of replacement issue document of title - Impostor collected new title over land from Registrar of Titles - Registered proprietor discovered land transferred to first and second defendants - Land subsequently charged to bank as security for loan - Whether Registrar of Titles negligent in dealing with title deed - Whether such negligence facilitated fraudulent transfer of land - Whether first and second defendants acquired indefeasible title and interest over land - Whether first and second defendants entitled to claim contribution and/or indemnity from Registrar of Titles - Whether bank acquired indefeasible title and interest over land - Whether bank entitled to claim contribution and/or indemnity from Registrar of Titles
Malayan Banking Bhd & Ors v. Tho Siew Wah & Anor And Another Appeal
(Alizatul Khair Osman, Abang Iskandar, Nallini Pathmanathan JJCA) [2017] 7 CLJ 573 [CA]

LIMITATION

Contract - Shares sale agreement - Termination - Refund of purchase price - Whether action of application time-barred - Issues of laches and reasonableness of time - Whether could be relied upon as defence - Whether plaintiff entitled to refund
Kumpulan Darul Ehsan Bhd v. Mastika Lagenda Sdn Bhd
(Zulkefli Ahmad Makinudin CJ (Malaya), Richard Malanjum CJ (Sabah & Sarawak), Ahmad Maarop FCJ, Zaharah Ibrahim FCJ, Balia Yusof Wahi FCJ) [2017] 7 CLJ 525 [FC]

LOCAL GOVERNMENT

City Council - Search and seizure - Powers under Beauty and Health Centre (Shah Alam City Council) By-Laws 2007 - Failure to comply with by-law 28 - Lack of authority - Search and seizure without authorisation in writing by Mayor - Whether search and seizure of articles amounted to abuse of power - Lack of authority not expressly pleaded - Whether High Court decided on issue not raised in pleadings - Whether lack of authority amounted to jurisdictional issue - Whether jurisdictional issue took precedence over pleading point
Majlis Bandaraya Shah Alam v. Only One Foot Reflexology Sdn Bhd
(Alizatul Khair Osman, Abang Iskandar, Nallini Pathmanathan JJCA) [2017] 7 CLJ 557 [CA]

PUBLIC LAW

Public authorities - Registrar of Land Titles - Transfer of land - Issuance of replacement issue document of title - Whether proper investigation conducted before issuance of replacement title - Whether actual landowner in possession of original issue document of title - Whether actual landowner suffered losses due to issuance of replacement title - Whether relevant authorities liable - Government Proceedings Act 1956, ss. 5 & 6
Malayan Banking Bhd & Ors v. Tho Siew Wah & Anor And Another Appeal
(Alizatul Khair Osman, Abang Iskandar, Nallini Pathmanathan JJCA) [2017] 7 CLJ 573 [CA]

ROAD TRAFFIC

Accident - Insurance - Road accident involving car, motorcycle and lorry - Liability of insurer under policy - Road Transport Act 1987, ss. 96(1) & (3)
Muhammad Ali Rahmat v. AmGeneral Insurance Bhd
(S Nantha Balan J) [2017] 7 CLJ 612 [HC]

SUCCESSION

Distribution of estate - Will - Deceased bequeathed piece of land to younger brother in will - Will and bequeath kept confidential - Deceased's successor applied for distribution order under Small Estates (Distribution) Act 1955 to administer and distribute estate - Application granted by land administrator and land vested on to applicants - Whether distribution order valid and lawful since deceased died testate - Whether distribution order ought to be set aside
Thein Kim Chong v. Foong Neoh Ji & Ors
(Vazeer Alam Mydin Meera J) [2017] 7 CLJ 626 [HC]

Probate - Will - Validity - Administration of estate - Deceased bequeathed piece of land to younger brother in will - Will and bequeath kept confidential - Deceased's successor applied to administer and distribute estate - Application granted by land administrator and land vested on to applicants - Whether distribution order valid and lawful since deceased died testate - Whether will valid - Whether will forged and/or obtained by fraud - Wills Act 1959, s. 5
Thein Kim Chong v. Foong Neoh Ji & Ors
(Vazeer Alam Mydin Meera J) [2017] 7 CLJ 626 [HC]


CLJ 2017 Volume 7 (Part 6)

FEDERAL COURT

Ling Peek Hoe & Anor v. Ding Siew Ching & Another Appeal
Md Raus Sharif PCA, Richard Malanjum CJ (Sabah & Sarawak), Abu Samah Nordin, Ramly Ali, Zaharah Ibrahim FCJJ
(Civil Procedure; Evidence - Fraud - Standard of proof - Civil action - Doctrine of prospective overruling - Whether applied to all pending cases and cases under appeal) [2017] 7 CLJ 641 [FC]

COURT OF APPEAL

Mohammad Toqeer Afzal lwn. PP
Tengku Maimun Tuan Mat, Ahmadi Asnawi, Ab Karim Ab Jalil HHMR
(Undang-undang Jenayah; Prosedur Jenayah - Pengedaran dadah berbahaya - Sama ada terdapat keterangan mewajarkan inferens perayu berniat mengedar dadah) [2017] 7 CLJ 653 [CA]

Mohd Helmi Akmal Mohd Ali lwn. PP
Mohd Zawawi Salleh, Ahmadi Asnawi, Kamardin Hashim HHMR
(Undang-undang Jenayah - Pengedaran - Sama ada anggapan berganda bawah s. 37(d) dan 37(da) Akta Dadah Berbahaya 1952 terpakai) [2017] 7 CLJ 666 [CA]

PP lwn. Mohd Safwan Husain
Vernon Ong Lam Kiat, Prasad Sandosham Abraham, Ab Karim Ab Jalil HHMR
(Undang-undang Jenayah; Keterangan - Kebolehterimaan - Pengambilan spesimen air kencing - Sama ada tertuduh ditangkap semasa diarahkan memberi spesimen - Sama ada spesimen diambil secara sah dan boleh diterima sebagai keterangan) [2017] 7 CLJ 685 [CA]

PP v. Musdar Rusli
Mohd Zawawi Salleh, Abang Iskandar, Ahmadi Asnawi JJCA
(Criminal Law; Criminal Procedure - Murder - Whether elements of murder proved - Whether act of causing death committed with mens rea) [2017] 7 CLJ 703 [CA]

HIGH COURT

Juaramedic Sdn Bhd v. MRCB Engineering Sdn Bhd
S Nantha Balan J
(Arbitration - Agreement - Reference of dispute - Whether parties bound by arbitration clause) [2017] 7 CLJ 720 [HC]

Lai Soon Onn v. Tan Tian Sin & Ors
Noorin Badaruddin JC
(Civil Procedure; Securities - Striking out - Claim for declaratory reliefs under ss. 357 & 360 of Capital Markets and Services Act 2007 - Locus standi - Whether conditions under s. 41 of Specific Relief Act 1950 satisfied) [2017] 7 CLJ 733 [HC]

SUBJECT INDEX

ARBITRATION

Agreement - Reference of dispute - Parties entered into procurement that made reference to arbitration clause in subsequent main agreement - Parties to procurement agreement not same as parties in main agreement - Whether arbitration clause in main agreement incorporated into procurement agreement - Whether parties to procurement agreement bound by arbitration clause
Juaramedic Sdn Bhd v. MRCB Engineering Sdn Bhd
(S Nantha Balan J) [2017] 7 CLJ 720 [HC]

CIVIL PROCEDURE

Fraud - Standard of proof - Civil action - Whether plaintiffs proved case on balance of probabilities - Whether Court of Appeal correct in applying test of proof beyond reasonable doubt - Doctrine of prospective overruling - Whether applied to all pending cases and cases under appeal - Whether future cases should mean only cases yet to be filed in courts - Whether present case a live case - Whether appeal process had not yet been exhausted - Whether irresistible conclusion test similar to beyond reasonable doubt test - Whether plaintiffs only required to prove case on balance of probabilities - Sinnayah & Sons Sdn Bhd v. Damai Setia Sdn Bhd
Ling Peek Hoe & Anor v. Ding Siew Ching & Another Appeal

(Md Raus Sharif PCA, Richard Malanjum CJ (Sabah & Sarawak), Abu Samah Nordin, Ramly Ali, Zaharah Ibrahim FCJJ) [2017] 7 CLJ 641 [FC]

Striking out - Statement of claim - Plaintiff initiated action against defendants for contravening s. 218(2) of Capital Markets and Services Act 2007 and s. 9(1) of Malaysian Code on Take-over and Mergers 2010 - Orders for declaratory reliefs, damages and to compel defendants to make mandatory general offer - Sections 357(1) and 360 of Capital Markets and Services Act 2007 - Application to strike out statement of claim - Whether plaintiff had reasonable cause of action against defendants - Whether plaintiff had locus standi to seek declaratory orders - Failure of plaintiff to obtain ruling from Securities Commission prior to commencement of suit - Whether plaintiff entitled to damages - Whether plaintiff's action ought to be struck out
Lai Soon Onn v. Tan Tian Sin & Ors
(Noorin Badaruddin JC) [2017] 7 CLJ 733 [HC]

CRIMINAL LAW

Murder - Penal Code, ss. 300 & 302 - Accused person charged with murder - Whether elements of murder proved - Whether death of deceased proved - Whether deceased's death caused by injury or injuries inflicted on her - Whether accused caused injury or injuries which resulted in deceased's death - Whether act of causing death committed with mens rea
PP v. Musdar Rusli
(Mohd Zawawi Salleh, Abang Iskandar, Ahmadi Asnawi JJCA) [2017] 7 CLJ 703 [CA]

CRIMINAL PROCEDURE

Appeal - Appeal by prosecution - Appeal against reduced charge - Accused person charged with murder and attempt to commit suicide - Trial judge found that prosecution only succeeded in proving culpable homicide not amounting to murder - Whether trial judge correct - Whether prosecution proved elements of murder - Whether death of deceased proved - Whether deceased's death caused by injury or injuries inflicted on her - Whether accused caused injury or injuries which resulted in deceased's death - Whether act of causing death committed with mens rea - Penal Code, ss. 300, 302 & 309
PP v. Musdar Rusli
(Mohd Zawawi Salleh, Abang Iskandar, Ahmadi Asnawi JJCA) [2017] 7 CLJ 703 [CA]

EVIDENCE

Proof - Standard of proof - Civil action - Whether plaintiffs proved case on balance of probabilities - Whether Court of Appeal correct in applying test of proof beyond reasonable doubt - Doctrine of prospective overruling - Whether applied to all pending cases and cases under appeal - Whether future cases should mean only cases yet to be filed in courts - Whether present case a live case - Whether appeal process had not yet been exhausted - Whether irresistible conclusion test similar to beyond reasonable doubt test - Whether plaintiffs only required to prove case on balance of probabilities - Sinnayah & Sons Sdn Bhd v. Damai Setia Sdn Bhd
Ling Peek Hoe & Anor v. Ding Siew Ching & Another Appeal

(Md Raus Sharif PCA, Richard Malanjum CJ (Sabah & Sarawak), Abu Samah Nordin, Ramly Ali, Zaharah Ibrahim FCJJ) [2017] 7 CLJ 641 [FC]

SECURITIES

General mandatory offer - Control of more than 33% of shares in company - Failure by defendants to make mandatory general offer - Claim for declaratory reliefs by plaintiffs under s. 357 and s. 360 of Capital Markets and Services Act 2007 - Whether plaintiff entitled to reliefs sought - Whether plaintiff satisfied conditions under s. 41 of Specific Relief Act 1950 - Whether compliance with Malaysian Code on Take-over and Mergers a relevant requirement - Whether ruling by Securities Commission a condition precedent to action - Whether plaintiff's claim premature
Lai Soon Onn v. Tan Tian Sin & Ors
(Noorin Badaruddin JC) [2017] 7 CLJ 733 [HC]

INDEKS PERKARA

KETERANGAN

Kebolehterimaan - Ekshibit-ekshibit - Pengambilan spesimen air kencing tertuduh - Keabsahan - Sama ada tertuduh ditangkap semasa diarahkan memberi spesimen air kencingnya - Sama ada spesimen diambil secara sah dan boleh diterima sebagai keterangan - Sama ada kegagalan mematuhi s. 31A Akta Dadah Berbahaya 1952 membuatkan bukti yang diperoleh tidak boleh diterima
PP lwn. Mohd Safwan Husain
(Vernon Ong Lam Kiat, Prasad Sandosham Abraham, Ab Karim Ab Jalil HHMR) [2017] 7 CLJ 685 [CA]

PROSEDUR JENAYAH

Rayuan - Rayuan terhadap sabitan dan hukuman - Dadah berbahaya - Pengedaran - Dadah dijumpai dalam kotak dipegang perayu - Sama ada terdapat keterangan mewajarkan inferens perayu berniat mengedar dadah - Jumlah dan hal keadaan dadah tidak dijumpai dalam bentuk urus niaga - Sama ada perayu dalam kedudukan membawa, menyimpan atau memegang kotak mengandungi dadah sahaja - Sama ada terjumlah kepada pengedaran - Sama ada perayu dalam kedudukan milikan pasif - Sama ada perayu berjaya menyangkal anggapan pengedaran bawah s. 37(da)(xvi) Akta Dadah Berbahaya 1952 - Sama ada sabitan dan hukuman bawah s. 39B diketepikan dan diganti dengan sabitan bawah s. 12 dibaca dengan s. 39A(2) Akta Dadah Berbahaya 1952
Mohammad Toqeer Afzal lwn. PP
(Tengku Maimun Tuan Mat, Ahmadi Asnawi, Ab Karim Ab Jalil HHMR) [2017] 7 CLJ 653 [CA]

UNDANG-UNDANG JENAYAH

Akta Dadah Berbahaya 1952 - Seksyen 31A - Pengambilan spesimen air kencing tertuduh - Keabsahan - Sama ada tertuduh ditangkap semasa diarahkan memberi spesimen air kencingnya - Sama ada ditangkap secara konstruktif - Sama ada kebebasan tertuduh disekat - Sama ada spesimen diambil secara sah dan boleh diterima sebagai keterangan - Akta Dadah Berbahaya 1952, ss. 31A(1), (1A) & 37A
PP lwn. Mohd Safwan Husain
(Vernon Ong Lam Kiat, Prasad Sandosham Abraham, Ab Karim Ab Jalil HHMR) [2017] 7 CLJ 685 [CA]

Akta Dadah Berbahaya 1952 - Seksyen 39B(1)(a) - Pengedaran - Sabitan dan hukuman - Rayuan - Dadah ditemui dalam bilik perayu - Sama ada terdapat kemungkinan dadah diletakkan oleh orang lain dalam bilik perayu - Sama ada perayu mempunyai jagaan dan kawalan atas bilik dadah ditemui - Sama ada bilik turut diakses oleh rakan dan ahli keluarga perayu - Kegagalan pihak penyiasat menyiasat penglibatan penama `Ian Hooi' - Sama ada perayu diprejudis - Sama ada maklumat awam adalah keterangan dengar cakap yang tidak wajar diterima - Sama ada hakim bicara terkhilaf apabila mengguna pakai anggapan berganda bawah s. 37(d) dan 37(da) Akta Dadah Berbahaya 1952
Mohd Helmi Akmal Mohd Ali lwn. PP
(Mohd Zawawi Salleh, Ahmadi Asnawi, Kamardin Hashim HHMR) [2017] 7 CLJ 666 [CA]

Akta Dadah Berbahaya 1952 - Seksyen 39B(1)(a) - Pengedaran dadah berbahaya - Rayuan terhadap sabitan dan hukuman - Dadah dijumpai dalam kotak yang dipegang perayu - Sama ada terdapat keterangan mewajarkan inferens perayu berniat mengedar dadah - Jumlah dan hal keadaan dadah tidak dijumpai dalam bentuk urus niaga - Sama ada perayu dalam kedudukan membawa, menyimpan atau memegang kotak mengandungi dadah sahaja - Sama ada terjumlah kepada pengedaran - Sama ada perayu dalam kedudukan milikan pasif - Sama ada perayu berjaya menyangkal anggapan pengedaran bawah s. 37(da)(xvi) Akta Dadah Berbahaya 1952 - Sama ada sabitan dan hukuman bawah s. 39B diketepikan dan diganti dengan sabitan bawah s. 12 dibaca dengan s. 39A(2) Akta Dadah Berbahaya 1952
Mohammad Toqeer Afzal lwn. PP
(Tengku Maimun Tuan Mat, Ahmadi Asnawi, Ab Karim Ab Jalil HHMR) [2017] 7 CLJ 653 [CA]


ARTICLES

LNS Article(s)

  1. DISGORGEMENT DAMAGES FOR BREACH OF CONTRACTS: SOMETHING NEW? [Read excerpt]
    by: JUNE LOH KAH HEY* [2017] 1 LNS(A) lxxi

  2. [2017] 1 LNS(A) lxxi
    logo
    AUSTRALIA

    DISGORGEMENT DAMAGES FOR BREACH OF CONTRACTS: SOMETHING NEW?
    by
    JUNE LOH KAH HEY*

    Abstract

    This paper examines the disgorgement remedy against the remedial framework of contractual remedies. First, the paper discusses the circumstances leading to the award of disgorgement remedy for breach of contract. Then, the paper argues that on the surface, disgorgement damages for breach of contract may appear inconsistent with the remedial goal of contractual remedies. Nonetheless, closer examination of the notion of contractual performance demonstrates that disgorgement remedy is consistent with the principles of corrective justice. This paper argues that disgorgement damages for breaches of contract is consistent in vindicating the plaintiff's right towards the defendant's performance of a contract. Such damages encourage performance of a contract at a broader societal level and are thus consistent with the principles of corrective justice.

    . . .

    * LLB(Hons) University of Queensland, GDLP (Australian National University), CLP.


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  3. PEMBUBARAN PERKAHWINAN MENURUT ENAKMEN UNDANG-UNDANG KELUARGA ISLAM NEGERI MELAKA 2002 [Read excerpt]
    by: ABDUL HALIM BIN ZULKIFLI (Ph.D)* [2017] 1 LNS(A) lxxii

  4. [2017] 1 LNS(A) lxxii
    logo
    MALAYSIA

    PEMBUBARAN PERKAHWINAN MENURUT ENAKMEN UNDANG-UNDANG KELUARGA ISLAM NEGERI MELAKA 2002
    by
    ABDUL HALIM BIN ZULKIFLI (Ph.D)*

    Abstrak

    Pembubaran perkahwinan merupakan salah satu kaedah penceraian yang dibenarkan oleh Enakmen Undang-Undang Keluarga Islam Negeri Melaka dan mesti mengikut prosedur yang telah ditetapkan oleh enakmen tersebut. Pembubaran sesuatu perkahwinan itu tidak boleh berlaku dengan begitu mudah melainkan ada sebab-sebab tertentu yang membolehkannya berbuat demikian. Ini kerana perkara yang harus tetapi dibenci oleh Allah adalah pembubaran perkahwinan, antaranya penceraian. Menurut enakmen ini, proses penceraian mesti mematuhi peruntukan undang-undang yang telah ditetapkan. Tujuannya bagi memastikan segala proses untuk penceraian dapat dilaksanakan mengikut kaedah undang-undang bagi memberikan keadilan dan kebaikan terhadap pihak suami, isteri dan anak-anak serta kesan yang timbul dari pembubaran perkahwinan itu. Kertas kerja ini akan mengkaji beberapa prosedur atau peruntukan undang-undang berkaitan pembubaran perkahwinan yang dilaksanakan menurut Enakmen Undang-undang Keluarga Islam Negeri Melaka 2002 dan kesan yang timbul akibat pembubaran tersebut.

    Kata kunci: Pembubaran, perkahwinan, enakmen, keluarga Islam.

    . . .

    * Fakulti Tamadun Islam (FTI), UTM, 81310 Skudai, Johor, emel:halim-zulkifli@utm.my.


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LEGISLATION HIGHLIGHTS

Principal Acts

Number Title In force from Repealing
ACT 792 Sexual Offences Against Children Act 2017 10 July 2017 [PU(B) 340/2017] -
ACT 791 Tourism Tax Act 2017 1 August 2017 [PU(B) 398/2017] - Parts I, II, IV and X, and sections 8 and 9; 1 September 2017 [PU(B) 398/2017] - Parts V, VI, VII, VIII and IX, and sections 6 and 7 -
ACT 790 Courts (Modes of Commencement of Civil Actions) Act 2017 15 July 2017 [PU(B) 341/2017] -
ACT 789 Self-Employment Social Security Act 2017 13 June 2017 [PU(B) 299/2017] -
ACT 788 Civil Aviation Authority of Malaysia Act 2017 Not Yet In Force -

Amending Acts

Number Title In force from Principal/Amending Act No
ACT A1537 Strategic Trade (Amendment) Act 2017 Not Yet In Force ACT 708
ACT A1536 Penal Code (Amendment) Act 2017 1 September 2017 [PU(B) 410/2017] ACT 574
ACT A1535 Private Higher Educational Institutions (Amendment) Act 2017 Not Yet In Force ACT 555
ACT A1534 Bankruptcy (Amendment) Act 2017 Not Yet In Force ACT 360
ACT A1533 Consumer Protection (Amendment) Act 2017 Not Yet In Force ACT 599

PU(A)

Number Title Date of Publication In force from Principal/ Amending Act No
PU(A) 245/2017 Price Control and Anti-Profiteering (Determination of Maximum Retail Price for Petrol and Diesel) (No. 21) Order 2017 23 August 2017 24 August 2017 ACT 723
PU(A) 244/2017 Goods and Services Tax (Exempt Supply) (Amendment) Order 2017 23 August 2017 1 September 2017 PU(A) 271/2014
PU(A) 243/2017 Diplomatic and Consular Officers (Oaths and Fees) (Remission of Fees) Regulations 2017 22 August 2017 22 August 2017 to 31 July 2018 ACT 348
PU(A) 242/2017 Fees (Passports and Visas) (Remission of Fees) Order 2017 22 August 2017 22 August 2017 to 31 July 2018 ACT 209
PU(A) 241/2017 Fees (Passports and Visas) (Remission of Fees) Order 2017 22 August 2017 22 August 2017 to 31 July 2018 ACT 209

PU(B)

Number Title Date of Publication In force from Principal/ Amending Act No
PU(B) 417/2017 Notice Regarding The Supplementary Electoral Roll For The Second Quarter of The Year 2017 That Has Been Certified 22 August 2017 23 August 2017 PU(A) 293/2002
PU(B) 416/2017 Declaration of Alteration of Port Limits For Kuala Sungai Linggi Port 22 August 2017 23 August 2017 ORD 70/1952
PU(B) 415/2017 List of Registered Counsellors 17 August 2017 18 August 2017 ACT 580
PU(B) 414/2017 Notification of Exemption Under Regulation 31 16 August 2017 1 May 2017 to 31 December 2020 PU(A) 223/1984
PU(B) 413/2017 Notification of Exemption Under Regulation 31 16 August 2017 1 May 2017 to 31 December 2020 PU(A) 223/1984

Legislation Alert

Updated

Act/Principal No. Title Amended by In force from Section amended
PU(A) 271/2014 Goods and Services Tax (Exempt Supply) Order 2014 PU(A) 244/2017 1 September 2017 Second Schedule
ACT 574 Penal Code (Revised 1997) ACT A1536 1 September 2017 [PU(B) 410/2017] Sections 292, 293, 326A, 376, 376B, 377B, 377C, 377CA and 377E
ACT 469 Optical Act 1991 PU(A) 234/2017 15 August 2017 Second Schedule
PU(A) 210/1994 Optical Regulations 1994 PU(A) 233/2017 15 August 2017 Schedule
ACT 725 Renewable Energy Act 2011 PU(A) 222/2017 1 August 2017 Schedule

Revoked

Act/Principal No. Title Revoked by In force from
PU(A) 170/2011 Private Healthcare Facilities and Services (Compoundable Offences) Regulations 2011 PU(A) 227/2017 1 August 2017
PU(A) 189/1994 Legal Profession (Disciplinary Proceedings) (Investigating Tribunal and Disciplinary Committee) Rules 1994 PU(A) 197/2017 15 July 2017
PU(A) 68/1974 Medical Regulations 1974 PU(A) 188/2017 1 July 2017 except paragraphs 28(2)(a) and (b); 1 January 2019 - paragraphs 28(2)(a) and (b)
PU(A) 168/2017 Price Control and Anti-Profiteering (Determination of Maximum Retail Price For Petrol and Diesel) (No. 11) Order 2017 PU(A) 171/2017 15 June 2017
PU(A) 140/2017 Price Control and Anti-Profiteering (Determination of Maximum Retail Price For Petrol and Diesel) (No. 8) Order 2017 PU(A) 152/2017 25 May 2017