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Issue #32/2017
10 August 2017

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New This Week

1. Case(s) of the Week

  1. HAMZAH OSMAN v. PP [2017] 7 CLJ 273

2. Latest Cases

  1. Legal Network Series

  2. CLJ 2017 Volume 7 (Part 3)

3. Articles

  1. LNS Article(s)

4. Legislation Highlights

  1. Principal Acts

  2. Amending Acts

  3. PU(A)

  4. PU(B)

  5. Legislation Alert

CASE(S) OF THE WEEK

HAMZAH OSMAN v. PP [2017] 7 CLJ 273
FEDERAL COURT, PUTRAJAYA
HASAN LAH FCJ, ZAINUN ALI FCJ, RAMLY ALI FCJ, PRASAD SANDOSHAM ABRAHAM FCJ, JEFFREY TAN FCJ
[CRIMINAL APPEAL NO: 05-68-03-2016(A)]
18 JULY 2017

CRIMINAL PROCEDURE: Trial – Fitness to stand trial – Whether accused fit to stand trial – Absence of certificate by Medical Director – Whether issue of soundness of mind of accused to plead resolved – Whether s. 343(1) of Criminal Procedure Code ('CPC') complied with – Whether trial rendered a nullity – Whether non-compliance of ss. 342(1) and 343 of CPC a mere irregularity


LATEST CASES

Legal Network Series

[2016] 1 LNS 203

WONG YIN YONG lwn. NOTRE DAME NURSERY SDN BHD & YANG LAIN

PROSEDUR SIVIL: Pembatalan - Writ saman dan pernyataan tuntutan - Tindakan oleh pengarah terhadap syarikat - Tindakan berpaksikan kepada kesahihan notis khas untuk penyingkiran pengarah - Dakwaan kecacatan pada notis - Butiran kecacatan yang didakwa bercanggah dengan perkara yang diplidkan di dalam pernyataan tuntutan - Ketiadaan cabaran berkaitan pematuhan prosedur pengeluaran notis - Kegagalan pengarah menunjukkan syarikat telah bertindak di luar batasan undang-undang dalam meluluskan resolusi penyingkiran - Sama ada tuntutan yang dikemukakan adalah berasas - Sama ada tuntutan plaintif mengaibkan, remeh dan menyusahkan dan merupakan satu penyalahgunaan proses mahkamah

UNDANG-UNDANG SYARIKAT: Pengarah - Penyingkiran - Pemberian alasan dalam notis khas - Sama ada pemberian alasan bagi penyingkiran pengarah adalah diperlukan - Akta Syarikat 1965, s. 128

[2016] 1 LNS 260

PP lwn. TAN AIK LEONG

PROSEDUR JENAYAH: Rayuan - Rayuan terhadap hukuman - Rayuan oleh pihak pendakwaan - Hukuman penjara 2 tahun dijatuhkan bagi kesalahan rogol berkanun - Tertuduh menukar pengakuan tidak bersalah kepada pengakuan bersalah selepas saksi-saksi pendakwaan memberikan keterangan - Kewujudan keterangan mangsa yang menyatakan telah mengalami kesakitan ketika melakukan hubungan seksual dengan tertuduh walaupun ia dilakukan atas dasar suka sama suka - Sama ada hukuman yang telah dijatuhkan oleh hakim bicara adalah terlalu ringan - Sama ada hakim bicara perlu menjiwai kesakitan dan keaiban mangsa dan seluruh anggota keluarga mangsa dalam menjatuhkan hukuman - Sama ada hukuman yang lebih berat wajar dijatuhkan

[2017] 1 LNS 29

SIOW KWEE CHEONG & ORS v. MAJLIS BANDARAYA PETALING JAYA

ROAD TRAFFIC: Negligence - Road accident - Determination of liability - Action against local authority - Deceased accidentally went over hole in road while riding motorcycle - Jurisdictional issue - Whether area where hole in road located was under control, jurisdiction and maintenance of defendant - Whether every road that existed was under jurisdiction of defendant

[2017] 1 LNS 51

THU NYONG KIUM & ORS v. THU NYONG HEN & ORS

LIMITATION: Accrual of cause of action - Cause of action founded upon distributive share of assets from an intestacy - Whether cause of action runs from date shares became payable - Whether time starts to run from date of issuance of letters of administration - Limitation Ordinance, item 99

[2017] 1 LNS 153

BULAU BEKENU PLANTATION SDN BHD & ANOR v. AMIN ANTIN & ORS

CONTRACT: Joint venture - Agreement - Validity - Allegation that joint venture agreement was illegal - Issue of illegality not pleaded - Defendant denied existence of joint venture agreement - Whether allegation of illegality had merit - Whether defendant was able to produce credible evidence to support its contention

CONTRACT: Joint venture - Breach - Failure to comply with terms of joint venture agreement - Breach of fiduciary duties - Concealment of real compensation rate - Defendant unlawfully benefited from compensation - Whether there was breach of joint venture agreement - Whether defendant was able to adduce any credible evidence to rebut breach - Whether there was breach of fiduciary duties - Whether plaintiff was entitled to an order to hold an inquiry to ascertain actual price


CLJ 2017 Volume 7 (Part 3)

FEDERAL COURT

Hamzah Osman v. PP
Hasan Lah, Zainun Ali, Ramly Ali, Prasad Sandosham Abraham, Jeffrey Tan FCJJ
(Criminal Procedure - Fitness to stand trial - Absence of certificate by Medical Director) [2017] 7 CLJ 273 [FC]

COURT OF APPEAL

Affin Bank Bhd v. Abu Bakar Ismail
Hamid Sultan Abu Backer, Umi Kalthum Abdul Majid, Abdul Rahman Sebli JJCA
(Bankruptcy; Civil Procedure - Judgment debtors made two applications to set aside and annul adjudication and receiving order - Whether attracted res judicata) [2017] 7 CLJ 282 [CA]

Lee Chee Keong v. Fadason Holdings Sdn Bhd & Other Appeals
Rohana Yusuf, Idrus Harun, Mary Lim JJCA
(Contract - Specific performance - Sale and purchase of property - Whether developer could claim for return of properties sold) [2017] 7 CLJ 295 [CA]

Messrs Tai Choi Yu & Co., Advocates v. The Court Of Appeal Of Malaysia & Ors
Rohana Yusuf, Idrus Harun, Mary Lim JJCA
(Constitutional Law - Attorney General - Representation - Civil suit against Court of Appeal judges - Whether judges sued in personal or official capacity) [2017] 7 CLJ 329 [CA]

HIGH COURT

Datin Paduka Nur Hayati Mohamed v. Janavista Sdn Bhd (In Liquidation)
Mohd Firuz Jaffril JC
(Contract - Sale and purchase agreement - Whether sale and purchase agreement terminated due to failure to deliver vacant possession) [2017] 7 CLJ 342 [HC]

Mohd Faizal Musa v. Minister Of Home Affairs
Hanipah Farikullah J
(Administrative Law - Judicial review - Application to quash Minister's order prohibiting printing of four titles - Whether order ultra vires s. 7 of Printing, Presses and Publications Act 1984) [2017] 7 CLJ 352 [HC]

Yeoh Eng Kong v. Dato' Nik Ismail Nik Yusoff & Ors
Mohd Nazlan Ghazali JC
(Company Law - Appointment of receiver and manager - Whether possible loss of listing status justified appointment of receiver and manager over entire undertaking and assets of company) [2017] 7 CLJ 369 [HC]

SUBJECT INDEX

ADMINISTRATIVE LAW

Exercise of administrative powers - Judicial review - Application to quash Minister's order prohibiting printing of four titles written by applicant - Whether order ultra vires s. 7 of Printing, Presses and Publications Act 1984 - Whether four titles prejudicial to public order - Contents of publication related to Islamic law matter - Whether reasonable for Minister to place reliance on decision of Jawatankuasa Fatwa - Whether Minister's decision in making Order suffered from illegality - Whether applicant given opportunity to be heard - Whether Order contravened art. 8(1) of Federal Constitution - Whether body under review carried out policy in manner prescribed by Constitution and relevant laws
Mohd Faizal Musa v. Minister Of Home Affairs
(Hanipah Farikullah J) [2017] 7 CLJ 352 [HC]

Remedies - Judicial review - Application to quash Minister's order prohibiting printing of four titles written by applicant - Whether order ultra vires s. 7 of Printing, Presses and Publications Act 1984 - Whether four titles prejudicial to public order - Contents of publication related to Islamic law - Whether reasonable for Minister to place reliance on decision of Jawatankuasa Fatwa - Whether Minister's decision in making order suffered from illegality - Whether applicant given opportunity to be heard - Whether order contravened art. 8(1) of Federal Constitution - Whether body under review carried out policy in manner prescribed by Constitution and relevant laws
Mohd Faizal Musa v. Minister Of Home Affairs
(Hanipah Farikullah J) [2017] 7 CLJ 352 [HC]

BANKRUPTCY

Adjudication and receiving orders - Annulment of - Judgment debtors made two applications to set aside and annul adjudication and receiving order - First application unsuccessful but second application successful - Whether order rightly made - Whether attracted res judicata - Bankruptcy Act 1967, s. 105
Affin Bank Bhd v. Abu Bakar Ismail
(Hamid Sultan Abu Backer, Umi Kalthum Abdul Majid, Abdul Rahman Sebli JJCA) [2017] 7 CLJ 282 [CA]

CIVIL PROCEDURE

Res judicata - Adjudication and receiving orders - Judgment debtors made two applications to set aside and annul adjudication and receiving order - First application unsuccessful but second application successful - Whether order rightly made - Whether attracted res judicata
Affin Bank Bhd v. Abu Bakar Ismail

(Hamid Sultan Abu Backer, Umi Kalthum Abdul Majid, Abdul Rahman Sebli JJCA) [2017] 7 CLJ 282 [CA]

COMPANY LAW

Receivership - Appointment of receiver and manager - Application for - Claim against directors of company - Breach of statutory duties, fiduciary duties, conspiracy to defraud and inducement to breach representation to shareholders of company - Grounds of application - To preserve status of company from being delisted - Whether possible loss of listing status justified appointment of receiver and manager over entire undertaking and assets of company
Yeoh Eng Kong v. Dato' Nik Ismail Nik Yusoff & Ors
(Mohd Nazlan Ghazali JC) [2017] 7 CLJ 369 [HC]

CONSTITUTIONAL LAW

Attorney General - Representation - Appeal against High Court's decision in dismissing application to strike out memorandum of appearance filed by Senior Federal Counsel - Civil suit against Court of Appeal judges - Whether judges sued in personal or official capacity - Whether Attorney General under mandatory duty to provide legal representation for judges sued in course of performing duties - Whether Parliament prohibited from discussing conduct of judge without first fulfilling requirement of art. 127 of Federal Constitution - Whether Attorney General has wide ranging powers embedded in art. 145 of Federal Constitution to uphold sanctity of institution of justice
Messrs Tai Choi Yu & Co., Advocates v. The Court Of Appeal Of Malaysia & Ors
(Rohana Yusuf, Idrus Harun, Mary Lim JJCA) [2017] 7 CLJ 329 [CA]

Attorney General - Representation - Civil suit against Court of Appeal judges - Appeal against decision of High Court dismissing application to strike out memorandum of appearance filed by Senior Federal Counsel - Preliminary objection raised - Whether Court of Appeal has jurisdiction to hear appeal - Whether Court of Appeal has constitutional duty to hear and decide on appeal before it - Whether appellant had submitted himself to jurisdiction of this court - Whether preliminary issue dismissed
Messrs Tai Choi Yu & Co., Advocates v. The Court Of Appeal Of Malaysia & Ors
(Rohana Yusuf, Idrus Harun, Mary Lim JJCA) [2017] 7 CLJ 329 [CA]

CONTRACT

Agreement - Sale and purchase agreement - Failure to deliver vacant possession - Claim for payment of balance of purchase price - Whether sale and purchase agreement terminated due to failure to deliver vacant possession - Order of High Court for appellant to pay respondent balance purchase price after delivery of vacant possession of property and memorandum of title - Application for order to specify time for parties to comply with terms of High Court order - Appellant seeking to revise time frame of order at late stage - Whether there was undue delay - Rules of Court 2012, O. 45 r. 6(1)
Datin Paduka Nur Hayati Mohamed v. Janavista Sdn Bhd (In Liquidation)
(Mohd Firuz Jaffril JC) [2017] 7 CLJ 342 [HC]

Specific performance - Sale and purchase of property - Agreements entered by managing director ('MD') on behalf of developer with purchasers - MD offered discount for payments by cash - MD dismissed from employment of developer - Whether forgery by MD proven - Whether developer could claim for return of properties sold - Whether MD authorised to transact sales on behalf of developer - Whether authenticity and truth of SPA challenged
Lee Chee Keong v. Fadason Holdings Sdn Bhd & Other Appeals
(Rohana Yusuf, Idrus Harun, Mary Lim JJCA) [2017] 7 CLJ 295 [CA]

CRIMINAL PROCEDURE

Trial - Fitness to stand trial - Whether accused fit to stand trial - Absence of certificate by Medical Director - Whether issue of soundness of mind of accused to plead resolved - Whether s. 343(1) of Criminal Procedure Code ('CPC') complied with - Whether trial rendered a nullity - Whether non-compliance of ss. 342(1) and 343 of CPC a mere irregularity
Hamzah Osman v. PP
(Hasan Lah, Zainun Ali, Ramly Ali, Prasad Sandosham Abraham, Jeffrey Tan FCJJ) [2017] 7 CLJ 273 [FC]


ARTICLES

LNS Article(s)

  1. THE OMBUDSMAN FOR FINANCIAL SERVICES IN MALAYSIA [Read excerpt]
    by: MOHAMAD SOFEE RAZAK* [2017] 1 LNS(A) lxvi

  2. [2017] 1 LNS(A) lxvi
    logo
    MALAYSIA

    THE OMBUDSMAN FOR FINANCIAL SERVICES IN MALAYSIA
    by
    MOHAMAD SOFEE RAZAK*

    The establishment of the new financial ombudsman scheme is timely and approved by Bank Negara Malaysia (CBM) under the Islamic Financial Services Act 2013 (IFSA) to provide a fair and efficient avenue for financial consumers to resolve disputes against financial service providers since 1 October 2016.

    The Ombudsman for Financial Services serves as an independent redress mechanism with minimum formality for financial consumers to resolve disputes with financial service providers. Its services are an alternative to, and not a replacement for legal actions taken in a court of law. The services of the Ombudsman for Financial Services are offered free of charge to financial consumers.

    . . .

    * Advocate & Solicitor


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  3. PROGRESSIVE DEVELOPMENT IN INTERNATIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL LAW:
    THE ROLE OF COURTS AND TRIBUNALS IN LITIGATING ENVIRONMENTAL DISPUTES
    [Read excerpt]
    by: HAKEEM IJAIYA, PH.D*
    ALATISE TAOFEEQ NASIR**
    [2017] 1 LNS(A) lxvii

  4. [2017] 1 LNS(A) lxvii
    logo
    NIGERIA

    PROGRESSIVE DEVELOPMENT IN INTERNATIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL LAW:
    THE ROLE OF COURTS AND TRIBUNALS IN LITIGATING ENVIRONMENTAL DISPUTES

    by
    HAKEEM IJAIYA, PH.D*
    ALATISE TAOFEEQ NASIR**

    Abstract

    The development of environmental litigation is one that has been fraught with challenges and problems. The role of courts and tribunals in the development of environmental law cannot be over-emphasised, yet the current legal order of environmental litigation has had a negative effect on the progressive development of environmental litigation. The study examines the role of courts and tribunals in the development of environmental law. The study also examines the problems of litigating environmental disputes. The study relies on primary and secondary sources of information. The information obtained through these sources was subjected to content analysis. The study found that there is no particular international court with jurisdiction over environmental disputes where parties can ventilate their grievances. The study recommended the need to modify the existing courts and tribunals and improve the legal framework so that the task of adjudicating environmental disputes would be hitch-free. The study also recommended the establishment of special environmental courts.

    . . .

    * University of Ilorin, Nigeria. hakeemijaiya@gmail.com. 08060645677

    ** University of Ilorin, Nigeria. alatise.taofeeq@yahoo.com


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LEGISLATION HIGHLIGHTS

Principal Acts

Number Title In force from Repealing
ACT 792 Sexual Offences Against Children Act 2017 10 July 2017 [PU(B) 340/2017] -
ACT 791 Tourism Tax Act 2017 1 August 2017 [PU(B) 398/2017] - Parts I, II, IV and X, and sections 8 and 9; 1 September 2017 [PU(B) 398/2017] - Parts V, VI, VII, VIII and IX, and sections 6 and 7 -
ACT 790 Courts (Modes of Commencement of Civil Actions) Act 2017 15 July 2017 [PU(B) 341/2017] -
ACT 789 Self-Employment Social Security Act 2017 13 June 2017 [PU(B) 299/2017] -
ACT 788 Civil Aviation Authority of Malaysia Act 2017 Not Yet In Force -

Amending Acts

Number Title In force from Principal/Amending Act No
ACT A1537 Strategic Trade (Amendment) Act 2017 Not Yet In Force ACT 708
ACT A1536 Penal Code (Amendment) Act 2017 Not Yet In Force ACT 574
ACT A1535 Private Higher Educational Institutions (Amendment) Act 2017 Not Yet In Force ACT 555
ACT A1534 Bankruptcy (Amendment) Act 2017 Not Yet In Force ACT 360
ACT A1533 Consumer Protection (Amendment) Act 2017 Not Yet In Force ACT 599

PU(A)

Number Title Date of Publication In force from Principal/ Amending Act No
PU(A) 230/2017 Price Control and Anti-Profiteering (Determination of Maximum Retail Price For Petrol and Diesel) (No. 19) Order 2017 9 August 2017 10 August 2017 ACT 723
PU(A) 229/2017 Price Control and Anti-Profiteering (Determination of Maximum Retail Price For Petrol and Diesel) (No. 18) Order 2017 [revoked By PU(A) 230/2017] 2 August 2017 3 August 2017 ACT 723
PU(A) 228/2017 Tourism Tax Regulations 2017 1 August 2017 1 August 2017 ACT 791
PU(A) 227/2017 Private Healthcare Facilities and Services (Compounding of Offences) Regulations 2017 31 July 2017 1 August 2017 ACT 586
PU(A) 226/2017 Weight Restrictions (Federal Roads) (Amendment) Order 2017 28 July 2017 31 July 2017 PU(A) 478/1989

PU(B)

Number Title Date of Publication In force from Principal/ Amending Act No
PU(B) 401/2017 Appointment of Members of Panels of The Industrial Court 7 August 2017 24 May 2017 to 16 February 2019 ACT 177
PU(B) 400/2017 Notice of Proposed Revocation of Reservation of Land For Public Purpose For Lot 16342 Mukim Kuala Lumpur 4 August 2017 5 August 2017  
PU(B) 399/2017 Special Direction of The Minister 4 August 2017 5 August 2017 ACT 621
PU(B) 398/2017 Appointment of Date of Coming Into Operation 1 August 2017 2 August 2017 ACT 791
PU(B) 397/2017 Notification of Values of Crude Petroleum Oil Under Section 12 1 August 2017 3 August 2017 to 16 August 2017 ACT 235

Legislation Alert

Updated

Act/Principal No. Title Amended by In force from Section amended
ACT 725 Renewable Energy Act 2011 PU(A) 222/2017 1 August 2017 Schedule
ACT 71 Weights and Measures Act 1972 ACT A1530 19 May 2017 - paragraphs 2(a) and 11(b) and sections 12 and 13; 1 August 2017 [PU(B) 383/2017] - paragraph 2(b), sections 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 and 10, and paragraph 11(a) Sections 12, 14, 14B, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 20A & 28
ACT 400 Moneylenders Act 1951 (Revised 1989) PU(A) 204/2017 1 August 2017 First Schedule
PU(A) 437/1985 Food Regulations 1985 PU(A) 200/2017 15 June 2018 Regulations 42, 43, 44, 45, 46, 47, 48, 48A and 48B
ACT 56/1965 National Land Code PU(A) 201/2017 21 July 2017 First Schedule

Revoked

Act/Principal No. Title Revoked by In force from
PU(A) 170/2011 Private Healthcare Facilities and Services (Compoundable Offences) Regulations 2011 PU(A) 227/2017 1 August 2017
PU(A) 189/1994 Legal Profession (Disciplinary Proceedings) (Investigating Tribunal and Disciplinary Committee) Rules 1994 PU(A) 197/2017 15 July 2017
PU(A) 68/1974 Medical Regulations 1974 PU(A) 188/2017 1 July 2017 except paragraphs 28(2)(a) and (b); 1 January 2019 - paragraphs 28(2)(a) and (b)
PU(A) 168/2017 Price Control and Anti-Profiteering (Determination of Maximum Retail Price For Petrol and Diesel) (No. 11) Order 2017 PU(A) 171/2017 15 June 2017
PU(A) 140/2017 Price Control and Anti-Profiteering (Determination of Maximum Retail Price For Petrol and Diesel) (No. 8) Order 2017 PU(A) 152/2017 25 May 2017