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Issue #13/2017
30 March 2017

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New This Week

  1. Case(s) of the Week

    1. L ARUUL S LURTHUSAMY v. RINGGANAZALL PONNIGILEE & ANOR [2017] 3 CLJ 546

  2. Latest Cases

    1. Legal Network Series

    2. CLJ 2017 Volume 3 (Part 5)

  3. Articles

    1. LNS Article(s)

  4. Legislation Highlights

    1. Principal Acts

    2. Amending Acts

    3. PU(A)

    4. PU(B)

    5. Legislation Alert

CASE(S) OF THE WEEK

L ARUUL S LURTHUSAMY v. RINGGANAZALL PONNIGILEE & ANOR [2017] 3 CLJ 546
COURT OF APPEAL, PUTRAJAYA
ROHANA YUSUF JCA, VARGHESE GEORGE JCA, MARY LIM J
[CIVIL APPEAL NO: A-02(NCVC)(A)-436-03-2015]
2 DECEMBER 2016

CIVIL PROCEDURE: Jurisdiction - Inherent jurisdiction - High Court - Originating summons dismissed by High Court - Aggrieved party filed fresh originating summons seeking reliefs and relying on premises identical to previous originating summons before another High Court - Application allowed by second High Court - Decision by first High Court reversed by second High Court - Proper and valid recourse - Whether High Court has inherent jurisdiction to reverse previous decision of another concurrent High Court 


LATEST CASES

Legal Network Series

[2015] 1 LNS 990

MESSRS TAI CHOI YU & CO, ADVOCATES v. TING SIE CHUNG @ TING SIEH CHUNG

CIVIL PROCEDURE: Counterclaim - Procedure and principles - Status of defendant's counterclaim when plaintiff's action was struck out - Whether defendant's counterclaim could proceed - Whether defendant's defence and counterclaim and reply thereafter automatically struck out - Whether defendant was required to pursue a separate cause of action if plaintiff's action in main suit was struck out - Rules of Court 2012, O. 15 r. 2(3)

[2015] 1 LNS 1358

ARTHIMOOLAN THURAISAMY lwn. PP

PROSEDUR JENAYAH: Rayuan - Rayuan terhadap pelepasan dan pembebasan - Hakim bicara melepaskan dan membebaskan tertuduh daripada pertuduhan di akhir kes pendakwaan - Pertuduhan dibawah s. 11(a) Akta Pencegahan Rasuah 1997 ('APR') - Saksi utama pihak pendakwaan merupakan rakan sejenayah - Hakim bicara memutuskan saksi utama pihak pendakwaan tidak kredible dan ekoran itu mendapati pihak pendakwaan gagal membuktikan kes prima facie - Percanggahan material dalam keterangan saksi pendakwaan - Bukti yang dikemukakan pihak pendakwaan mempunyai keraguan - Anggapan dibawah s. 42 APR tidak timbul - Sama ada hakim bicara wajar memutuskan pihak pendakwaan telah gagal membuktikan kes prima facie - Sama ada tertuduh wajar dilepaskan dan dibebaskan daripada pertuduhan

[2016] 1 LNS 107

SAUDAH AHMAD v. MAHATECH RESOURCES SDN BHD

EVIDENCE: Adverse inference - Failure to testify at trial - Incompetent witness - Witness was unable to understand and answer questions posed - Visual and hearing impairment - Whether adverse inference could be invoked against a witness who was not competent to testify pursuant to s. 118 of Evidence Act 1950

CONTRACT: Sale and purchase of land - Breach - Seller's right to terminate agreement - Absence of formal sale and purchase agreement - Purchaser's refusal to pay balance deposit - Purchaser's failure to pay seller balance deposit as agreed in letter of offer within reasonable time and further sign formal sale and purchase agreement - Whether seller entitled to terminate agreement to sell land - Whether seller entitled to forfeit deposit paid

[2016] 1 LNS 314

PP lwn. AHMAD NORIZAN MOHAMAD & SATU LAGI

KETERANGAN: Saksi - Kredibiliti - Cabaran terhadap kredibiliti saksi pendakwaan - Saksi gagal dikesan - Penerimaan keterangan saksi yang tidak boleh dipercayai - Sama ada mahkamah wajar menerima sebahagian keterangan saksi yang tidak boleh dipercayai - Akta Keterangan 1950, ss. 145(1) & 155(c)

PROSEDUR JENAYAH: Pendakwaan - Kes pendakwaan - Kegagalan pihak pendakwaan mengemukakan salinan rakaman CCTV semasa perbicaraan - Rakaman CCTV menjadi satu kemestian untuk membuktikan kes pendakwaan - Sama ada anggapan dibawah s. 114(g) Akta Keterangan 1950 wajar dibangkit terhadap kes pendakwaan

UNDANG-UNDANG JENAYAH: Dadah berbahaya - Pengedaran - Pengetahuan - Dadah ditemui di dalam poket seluar yang dipakai tertuduh - Dadah ditemui berdasarkan maklumat yang dibekalkan tertuduh - Sama ada tertuduh mempunyai kawalan dan jagaan keatas dadah - Sama ada anggapan dibawah ss. 37(da)(vi) dan 37(d) Akta Dadah Berbahaya 1952 terpakai - Sama ada tertuduh mempunyai pengetahuan berkenaan dadah

[2016] 1 LNS 315

MADIN AL SYARIF TRAVEL SDN BHD v. MOHD NAZAN MOHD RAZALI

CIVIL PROCEDURE: Setting aside - Consent judgment - Principles and procedure - Consent judgment recorded after terms of draft consent judgment was read out in open court - Whether consent judgment was regular - Whether consent judgment was a final order - Whether court was functus officio upon recording consent judgment - Whether consent judgment could only be set aside through fresh action - Whether consent judgment could only be set aside on same grounds to set aside an agreement


CLJ 2017 Volume 3 (Part 5)

FEDERAL COURT

Manikumar Sinnapan & Ors v. PP
Md Raus Sharif PCA, Ahmad Maarop, Hasan Lah, Abu Samah Nordin FCJJ, Zaharah Ibrahim JCA
(Criminal Law - Penal Code - Sections 34, 302 & 307 - Murder and attempted murder) [2017] 3 CLJ 505 [FC]

COURT OF APPEAL

Chan Kwai Foong v. Dato' Capt Mohd Najib Abdullah
Lim Yee Lan, Badariah Sahamid, Harmindar Singh Dhaliwal JJCA
(Land Law - Transfer - Fraud - Whether second purchaser was purchaser in good faith and for valuable consideration) [2017] 3 CLJ 532 [CA]

L Aruul S Lurthusamy v. Ringganazall Ponnigilee & Anor
Rohana Yusuf, Varghese George JJCA, Mary Lim J
(Civil Procedure - Inherent jurisdiction - High Court - Whether High Court has inherent jurisdiction to reverse previous decision of another concurrent High Court) [2017] 3 CLJ 546 [CA]

Pentadbir Tanah Daerah Timur Laut, Pulau Pinang v. Yeoh Oon Theam
Mohd Zawawi Salleh, Vernon Ong Lam Kiat, Abdul Rahman Sebli JJCA
(Land Law; Limitation - Rent - Arrears - Recovery - Whether 'action' within meaning of s. 2(1) of Limitation Act 1953) [2017] 3 CLJ 557 [CA]

Tan Poh Yee v. Tan Boon Thien & Other Appeals
Rohana Yusuf, Idrus Harun, Mary Lim JJCA
(Civil Procedure; Limitation - Cause of action - Accrual of - Precise date from which time begins to run - Doctrine of laches and acquiescence under s. 32 of Limitation Act 1953) [2017] 3 CLJ 569 [CA]

HIGH COURT

EL Chong Motor Trading Sdn Bhd lwn. PP
Abu Bakar Katar PK
(Undang-undang Jenayah - Tuntutan harta yang dilucuthakan kepada Kerajaan oleh pihak ketiga - Sama ada pihak ketiga mematuhi prasyarat yang ditetapkan) [2017] 3 CLJ 592 [HC]

Emas Kiara Sdn Bhd v. Michael Joseph Monteiro & Ors; Farcoll Estate Sdn Bhd & Ors (Interveners)
Azizul Azmi Adnan JC
(Contract - Sale and purchase of property - Intention of parties) [2017] 3 CLJ 605 [HC]

SUBJECT INDEX

CIVIL PROCEDURE

Jurisdiction - Inherent jurisdiction - High Court - Originating summons dismissed by High Court - Aggrieved party filed fresh originating summons seeking reliefs and relying on premises identical to previous originating summons before another High Court - Application allowed by second High Court - Decision by first High Court reversed by second High Court - Proper and valid recourse - Whether High Court has inherent jurisdiction to reverse previous decision of another concurrent High Court
L Aruul S Lurthusamy v. Ringganazall Ponnigilee & Anor
(Rohana Yusuf, Varghese George JJCA, Mary Lim J) [2017] 3 CLJ 546 [CA]

Striking out - Writ and statement of claim - Appellants' alleged failure to carry out obligations under agreement - Whether reasonable cause of action - Whether respondent had privity and right to sue - Whether respondent had locus standi to enforce agreement - Whether there was inordinate delay - Whether s. 6 of Limitation Act 1953 applied - Whether claim time barred - Whether lapse of time denied respondent's rights - Doctrine of laches and acquiescence under s. 32 of Limitation Act 1953 - Whether prevailed over remedies sought - Whether respondent's claim frivolous, vexatious and obviously unsustainable - Whether abuse of court process - Rules of Court 2012, O. 18 r. 19(1)(d) & O. 92 r. 4
Tan Poh Yee v. Tan Boon Thien & Other Appeals
(Rohana Yusuf, Idrus Harun, Mary Lim JJCA) [2017] 3 CLJ 569 [CA]

CONTRACT

Sale and purchase of property - Intention of parties - Sale by tender - Whether there was valid offer - Whether there was valid acceptance - Whether subsequent letters superseded previous offer - Parties ad idem on additional terms - Whether there was counter offer - Whether there was concluded contract between parties - Whether contract validly terminated - Whether plaintiff entitled to order for specific performance
Emas Kiara Sdn Bhd v. Michael Joseph Monteiro & Ors; Farcoll Estate Sdn Bhd & Ors (Interveners)
(Azizul Azmi Adnan JC) [2017] 3 CLJ 605 [HC]

CRIMINAL LAW

Penal Code - Sections 34, 302 & 307 - Murder and attempted murder - Defence - Whether acceptable - Sequence of events - Whether consistent with testimony of witness who was present during commission of crime - Credibility of witness - Whether challenged - Common intention - Whether proved - Pre-arranged plan to commit offence - Existence of prior participation or meeting of minds between accused persons - Whether prosecution proved case beyond reasonable doubt
Manikumar Sinnapan & Ors v. PP
(Md Raus Sharif PCA, Ahmad Maarop, Hasan Lah, Abu Samah Nordin FCJJ, Zaharah Ibrahim JCA) [2017] 3 CLJ 505 [FC]

LAND LAW

Rent - Arrears - Recovery - Land Administrator - Issuance of notice of demand for quit rent, arrears of quit rent and penalties under s. 97 of National Land Code - Whether `action' within meaning of s. 2(1) of Limitation Act 1953 - Whether applicable to non-judicial acts - Whether notice of demand subjected to limitation period - Whether notice enforceable - Limitation Act 1953, s. 6(1)(d) & (4)
Pentadbir Tanah Daerah Timur Laut, Pulau Pinang v. Yeoh Oon Theam
(Mohd Zawawi Salleh, Vernon Ong Lam Kiat, Abdul Rahman Sebli JJCA) [2017] 3 CLJ 557 [CA]

Transfer - Fraud - Registered proprietor purchased property from developer and later lived overseas many years - Registered proprietor discovered that title of property had been transferred to another individual upon return to Malaysia - Registered proprietor commenced action against developer and directors for fraud - Developer and directors did not enter appearance - Judge ruled that fraud had been proved against developer and directors and findings to bind other defendants - Whether findings by judge correct
Chan Kwai Foong v. Dato' Capt Mohd Najib Abdullah
(Lim Yee Lan, Badariah Sahamid, Harmindar Singh Dhaliwal JJCA) [2017] 3 CLJ 532 [CA]

Transfer - Fraud - Registered proprietor purchased property from developer and later lived overseas many years - Registered proprietor discovered that title of property had been transferred to another individual upon return to Malaysia - Whether second purchaser party or privy to fraud committed by developer - Whether second purchaser's title defeasible - Whether second purchaser was purchaser in good faith and for valuable consideration - National Land Code, s. 340(2)(a) & (3)
Chan Kwai Foong v. Dato' Capt Mohd Najib Abdullah
(Lim Yee Lan, Badariah Sahamid, Harmindar Singh Dhaliwal JJCA) [2017] 3 CLJ 532 [CA]

LIMITATION

Action - Cause of action - Accrual of - Precise date from which time begins to run - Whether on date of alleged breach of agreement - Whether s. 6 of Limitation Act 1953 applied - Whether claim time barred - Whether lapse of time denied respondent's rights - Doctrine of laches and acquiescence under s. 32 of Limitation Act 1953 - Whether prevailed over remedies sought
Tan Poh Yee v. Tan Boon Thien & Other Appeals
(Rohana Yusuf, Idrus Harun, Mary Lim JJCA) [2017] 3 CLJ 569 [CA]

Land - Arrears and penalties - Demand - Land Administrator - Issuance of notice of demand for quit rent, arrears of quit rent and penalties under s. 97 of National Land Code - Whether `action' within meaning of s. 2(1) of Limitation Act 1953 - Whether applicable to non-judicial acts - Whether notice of demand subjected to limitation period - Whether notice enforceable - Limitation Act 1953, s. 6(1)(d) & (4)
Pentadbir Tanah Daerah Timur Laut, Pulau Pinang v. Yeoh Oon Theam
(Mohd Zawawi Salleh, Vernon Ong Lam Kiat, Abdul Rahman Sebli JJCA) [2017] 3 CLJ 557 [CA]

INDEKS PERKARA

UNDANG-UNDANG JENAYAH

Akta Pencegahan Pengubahan Wang Haram, Pencegahan Pembiayaan Keganasan dan Hasil daripada Aktiviti Haram 2001 - Seksyen 61(4)(a), (b), (c), (d) - Tuntutan harta yang dilucuthakan kepada Kerajaan oleh pihak ketiga - Sama ada pihak ketiga mematuhi prasyarat yang ditetapkan - Sama ada pihak ketiga mempunyai `legitimate legal interest' dalam harta yang terlibat - Sama ada pihak ketiga pihak menuntut yang suci hati
EL Chong Motor Trading Sdn Bhd lwn. PP
(Abu Bakar Katar PK) [2017] 3 CLJ 592 [HC]


ARTICLES

LNS Article(s)

  1. I KNOW WHY YOU'RE HERE... Developing effective compliance systems* [Read excerpt]
    by: GREGORY L WADDOUPS** [2017] 1 LNS(A) xxiv

  2. [2017] 1 LNS(A) xxiv
    logo
    AUSTRALIA

    I KNOW WHY YOU'RE HERE...
    Developing effective compliance systems*

    by
    GREGORY L WADDOUPS**

    “I know what this is about. I have been expecting you.” Those were the first words uttered by Reinhard Siekaczek, still in his pyjamas, when six German police officers and a prosecutor knocked on his door early in the morning on November 2006.

    Mr Siekaczek had been enjoying retirement from his job in accounting at Siemens, A.G. However, he had a secret that continued to haunt him even after he retired — his job at Siemens included being the ‘banker’ for a bribery budget of $40-50 million US dollars a year. The telecommunications unit Mr Siekaczek had worked in paid over $800 million in illegal payments from 2001 to 2007.[1]

    Mr Siekaczek knew what he was doing — and what the company wanted him to do — was illegal. The employees who worked around him knew it was illegal. How did this compliance breach happen, and how can you prevent compliance issues from impacting you, your co-workers, and your company?

    . . .

    * Published with kind permission of the Law Society of the Australian Capital Territory. See Ethos No. 242 December 2016.

    **Senior Counsel — International, Raytheon. Mr Waddoups served as the Chair of the International Lawyers' Committee of the ACT Law Society from 2013-16. He is a regular speaker at anti-corruption and compliance conferences and was the Head of Legal for Raytheon Australia. He is currently Senior Counsel — International in Raytheon Company's Washington Office. The views expressed in this article are his own and do not necessarily represent the views of his employer.


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  3. MEMARTABATKAN BAHASA MELAYU SEJAJAR DENGAN PERUNTUKAN PERLEMBAGAAN PERSEKUTUAN DAN UNDANG-UNDANG* [Read excerpt]
    by: FATIHAH JAMHARI* [2017] 1 LNS(A) xxvi

  4. [2017] 1 LNS(A) xxvi
    logo
    MALAYSIA

    MEMARTABATKAN BAHASA MELAYU SEJAJAR DENGAN PERUNTUKAN
    PERLEMBAGAAN PERSEKUTUAN DAN UNDANG-UNDANG*

    by
    FATIHAH JAMHARI*

    “Memberikan martabat dan kemuliaan kepada Bahasa Melayu sebagai bahasa kebangsaan itu adalah sebahagian daripada semangat perjanjian kemerdekaan yang perlu terus dihidupkan dan obor memperjuangkannya hendaklah dinyalakan sepanjang masa.”

    - Sultan Nazrin Muizzuddin Shah

    Pendahuluan

    1. Perlembagaan Persekutuan Malaysia berdiri bukan hanya sebagai dasar yang memberikan keesahan dan keabsahan kepada setiap undang-undang negara,[1] tetapi lebih utama lagi ia berdiri sebagai dokumen yang merakam kontrak sosial negara ini seperti yang telah dipersetujui dan diakui dalam perundingan menderaf perlembagaan negara.[2] Pemuafakatan yang dicapai dalam rundingan ini menjadi teras kepada penubuhan Malaysia sehingga kini dan sebarang permasalahan berkaitan dengan kedudukan perkara-perkara yang telah dipersetujui dalam kontrak sosial negara ini, wajar dibawa rujuk kepada dokumen yang merakam intisari persetujuan kaum-kaum yang membentuk Malaysia.

    2. Di bawah Perkara 152, Perlembagaan Persekutuan jelas memaktubkan bahawa Bahasa Melayu adalah bahasa kebangsaan. Kedudukan istimewa Bahasa Melayu dalam Perlembagaan Persekutuan turut disokong teguh dengan penggubalan Akta Bahasa Kebangsaan 1963/67,[3] dan Akta Pendidikan 1996,[4] yang secara ringkasnya menyatakan kedudukan tinggi penggunaan Bahasa Melayu dalam hal urusan rasmi dan pendidikan negara. Hal ini adalah sejajar dengan niat kaum-kaum yang membentuk Malaysia agar Bahasa Melayu berdiri utuh sebagai bahasa kebangsaan yang diraikan.

    . . .

    * Kertas kerja ini telah diterbitkan di www.concernedlawyers.com dan diterbit semula dengan kebenaran penulis.

    ** Fatihah Jamhari ialah peguam yang beramal di Kuala Lumpur dan merupakan aktivis Concerned Lawyers for Justice (CLJ) (www.concernedlawyers.org).


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LEGISLATION HIGHLIGHTS

Principal Acts

Number Title In force from Repealing
ACT 788 Civil Aviation Authority of Malaysia Act 2017 Not Yet In Force -
ACT 787 Offences Relating To Awards Act 2017 Not Yet In Force -
ACT 786 Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank Act 2017 This Act comes into operation on the date the Agreement comes into operation for the Government of Malaysia pursuant to Article 58 of the Agreement -
ACT 785 Finance Act 2017 The Income Tax Act 1967 [Act 53] see s 3; The Petroleum (Income Tax) Act 1967 [Act 543] see s 30; The Real Property Gains Tax Act 1976 [Act 169] see s 34; The Labuan Business Activity Tax Act 1990 [Act 445] see s 37; The Goods and Services Tax Act 2014 [Act 762] see s 40 -
ACT 784 Scouts Association of Malaysia (Incorporation) Act 1968 (Revised 2016) 17 November 2016 pursuant to paragraph 6(1)(xxiii) of the Revision of Laws Act 1968 [Act 1]; Revised up to 1 November 2016; First enacted in 1968 as Act of Parliament No 38 of 1968; First Revision - 1989 (Act 409 wef 14 December 1989) -

Amending Acts

Number Title In force from Principal/Amending Act No
ACT A1527 Evidence (Amendment) Act 2017 1 March 2017 ACT 56
ACT A1526 Civil Aviation (Amendment) Act 2017 Not Yet In Force ACT 3
ACT A1525 Emblems and Names (Prevention of Improper Use) (Amendment) Act 2017 Not Yet In Force ACT 414
ACT A1524 Births and Deaths Registration (Amendment) Act 2017 Not Yet In Force ACT 299
ACT A1523 Administration of Islamic Law (Federal Territories) (Amendment) Act 2017 1 February 2017
[PU(B) 67/2017]
ACT 505

PU(A)

Number Title Date of Publication In force from Principal/ Amending Act No
PU(A) 88/2017 Medical (Amendment of Second Schedule) Order 2017 28 March 2017 29 March 2017 ACT 50
PU(A) 87/2017 Printing Presses and Publications (Control of Undesirable Publications) (No. 10) Order 2017 23 March 2017 24 March 2017 ACT 301
PU(A) 86/2017 Printing Presses and Publications (Control of Undesirable Publications) (No. 9) Order 2017 23 March 2017 24 March 2017 ACT 301
PU(A) 85/2017 Printing Presses and Publications (Control of Undesirable Publications) (No. 8) Order 2017 23 March 2017 24 March 2017 ACT 301
PU(A) 84/2017 Printing Presses and Publications (Control of Undesirable Publications) (No. 7) Order 2017 23 March 2017 24 March 2017 ACT 301

PU(B)

Number Title Date of Publication In force from Principal/ Amending Act No
PU(B) 164/2017 Notification of Values of Crude Petroleum Oil Under Section 12 27 March 2017 30 March 2017 to 12 April 2017 ACT 235
PU(B) 163/2017 Notice Regarding The Supplementary Electoral Roll For The Third Quarter of The Year 2016 (No. 2) That Has Been Certified 28 March 2017 29 March 2017 PU(A) 293/2002
PU(B) 162/2017 Designation Under Section 26 28 March 2017 29 March 2017 ACT 359
PU(B) 161/2017 Reservation of Land For Public Purpose For Lot 480898 Mukim Kuala Lumpur 24 March 2017 25 March 2017 ACT 56/1965
PU(B) 160/2017 Reservation of Land For Public Purpose Lot 80084 Mukim Ampang 24 March 2017 25 March 2017 ACT 56/1965

Legislation Alert

Updated

Act/Principal No. Title Amended by In force from Section amended
ACT 50 Medical Act 1971 PU(A) 88/2017 29 March 2017 Second Schedule
PU(A) 371/2013 Customs Duties (Exemption) Order 2013 PU(A) 79/2017 21 March 2017 Schedule
PU(B) 506/2014 Federal Order of Precedence PU(B) 140/2017 17 March 2017 Second Schedule
PU(A) 169/2014 Income Tax (Deduction For Expenditure in Relation to Vendor Development Programme) Rules 2014 PU(A) 73/2017 Year of assessment 2017 Rule 2
ACT 469 Optical Act 1991 PU(A) 74/2017 14 March 2017 Second Schedule

Revoked

Act/Principal No. Title Revoked by In force from
PU(A) 155/1991 Prohibition Against Spitting (Federal Territory of Kuala Lumpur) By-Laws 1991 PU(A) 76/2017 15 March 2017
PU(B) 227/2004 Declaration of the New Pantai Highway As A Designated Federal Territory Road PU(B) 126/2017 8 March 2017
PU(A) 322/2013 Price Control and Anti-Profiteering (Determination of Maximum Price) (No. 7) Order 2013 PU(A) 61/2017 1 March 2017
PU(B) 27/2015 Appointment and Revocation of Appointment of Registrar of Credit Reporting Agencies PU(B) 463/2016 16 March 2016
PU(A) 61/2010 Federal Roads (Private Management) (Collection of Tolls) (Kajang-Seremban Highway) Order 2010 PU(A) 264/2016 19 October 2016