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Issue #12/2017
23 March 2017

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New This Week

  1. Case(s) of the Week

    1. SAMSURI BAHARUDDIN & ORS v. MOHAMED AZAHARI MATIASIN & ANOTHER APPEAL [2017] 3 CLJ 287

    2. LOI TECK CHAI & YANG LAIN lwn. KINTA MEDICAL CENTRE SDN BHD [2017] 3 CLJ 486

  2. Latest Cases

    1. Legal Network Series

    2. CLJ 2017 Volume 3 (Part 3)

    3. CLJ 2017 Volume 3 (Part 4)

  3. Articles

    1. LNS Article(s)

    2. CLJ Article(s)

  4. Legislation Highlights

    1. Principal Acts

    2. Amending Acts

    3. PU(A)

    4. PU(B)

    5. Legislation Alert

CASE(S) OF THE WEEK

SAMSURI BAHARUDDIN & ORS v. MOHAMED AZAHARI MATIASIN & ANOTHER APPEAL [2017] 3 CLJ 287
FEDERAL COURT, PUTRAJAYA
MD RAUS SHARIF PCA, AHMAD MAAROP FCJ, HASAN LAH FCJ,
ABU SAMAH NORDIN FCJ, AZIAH ALI JCA
[CIVIL APPEALS NO: 02(f)-34-04-2014(S) & 02(f)-35-04-2014(S)]
19 JANUARY 2017

LEGAL PROFESSION: Admission - Ad hoc - Arbitration in Sabah - Foreign lawyer appointed as counsel in arbitration proceedings - Whether foreign lawyers who are not advocates within meaning of Advocates Ordinance 1953 (`Ordinance') prohibited from representing parties in arbitration proceedings in Sabah - Whether Ordinance applicable to arbitration proceedings in Sabah - Whether advocates admitted in Sabah have exclusive right to represent parties in arbitration proceedings in Sabah - Whether s. 8(1) read together with s. 2(1)(a) and (b) of Ordinance confer to Sabah advocates exclusivity of right to practise by representing and appearing for any party in arbitration proceedings in Sabah

STATUTORY INTERPRETATION: Definition - `To practise in Sabah' - Advocates Ordinance 1953, ss. 2(1)(a)(b) & 8(1) - Whether s. 8(1) must be read together with s. 2(1)(a) and (b) - Whether confer to Sabah advocates exclusivity of right to practise by representing and appearing for any party in arbitration proceedings in Sabah


LOI TECK CHAI & YANG LAIN lwn. KINTA MEDICAL CENTRE SDN BHD [2017] 3 CLJ 486
MAHKAMAH TINGGI MALAYA, IPOH
SAMSUDIN HASSAN H
[GUAMAN SIVIL NO: 22NCVC-94-2011]
9 DISEMBER 2016

TORT: Kecuaian - Tanggungjawab berjaga-jaga - Kemungkiran - Pesakit menerima rawatan hospital - Pesakit sah positif HIV selepas menerima darah yang dibekalkan oleh klinik ke hospital - Sama ada wujud tanggungjawab berjaga-jaga oleh klinik terhadap pesakit - Sama ada tanggungjawab berjaga-jaga dimungkiri - Sama ada pesakit mengalami kerosakan dan kerugian akibat kemungkiran tanggungjawab berjaga-jaga klinik - Sama ada kecuaian klinik terbukti

TORT: Ganti rugi - Kecuaian - Pesakit menerima rawatan hospital - Pesakit sah positif HIV selepas menerima darah yang dibekalkan oleh klinik ke hospital - Tuntutan ganti rugi am dan khas - Faktor-faktor yang dipertimbangkan dalam mengawardkan ganti rugi - Sama ada tuntutan ganti rugi disokong - Jumlah ganti rugi yang wajar diawardkan


LATEST CASES

Legal Network Series

[2015] 1 LNS 991

LIM FUI HOR v. WELLAND SDN BHD

CIVIL PROCEDURE: Judgments and orders - Setting aside - Application pursuant to O. 35 r. 2 of Rules of Court 2012 - Setting aside of judgment entered against defendant after completion of trial with plaintiff's evidence alone - Defendant and his solicitors failed to be present on trial date - Allegation that new trial dates were not notified to defendant - Whether absence of defendant and his counsel deliberate or due to mistake - Whether setting aside of judgment ought to be allowed in absence of a defence on merits

LEGAL PROFESSION: Duty of care - Counsel's duty - Failure to act vigilantly in monitoring cases - Existence of unusual or inconsistent notification from court stating trial date has been vacated and rescheduled with no new dates given - Duty to check on computerized system through integrated court system and case management system - Whether counsels expected to be vigilant in monitoring their respective cases - Whether counsel should check with their opponent counsel or court when court notification appears to be unusual or inconsistent with court's computerized system

[2015] 1 LNS 1080

PENINSULAR PARK SDN BHD v. AL-AF HOLDINGS SDN BHD & ORS

CIVIL PROCEDURE: Parties - Intervention - Application for leave to intervene in proceeding and to be added as defendant - Application by purchasers of units of an abandoned project to intervene in order to object to scheme of arrangement entered by owner of land with a class of creditors upon liquidation - Locus standi - Sale and purchase agreement entered by proposed intervener was validly terminated - Whether proposed intervener proved existence of legal interest in outcome of matter to justify intervention - Whether mere commercial interest could justify intervention - Rules of Court 2012, O. 15 r. 6

[2015] 1 LNS 1089

TC CHEMICAL SDN BHD v. PETROZCHEM SDN BHD & ANOR

CONTRACT: Goods sold and delivered - Claim for payment - Alleged debt was not genuinely incurred - Sham transaction - Fabricated, illegal and fraudulent obligation imposed for purpose of repayment of a loan - Whether claim for payment was based on goods sold and delivered - Whether alleged debt was genuinely incurred

TORT: Conspiracy - Conspiracy to injure - Conspiracy to defraud - Burden of proof - Mere allegation that transaction was a sham transaction - Whether element of conspiracy has been proven - Whether standard of proof required was beyond reasonable doubt

[2015] 1 LNS 1400

THIA TIAN SENG RICHARD lwn. DATO' ABU HANIFAH NOORDIN & YANG LAIN

UNDANG-UNDANG TANAH: Pemilikan - Pertikaian - Plaintif mendakwa merupakan pemilik bona fide suci hati dengan nilai - Tindakan terhadap pelikuidasi - Unit apartmen diletakkanhak kepada pelikuidasi menerusi perintah perletakkanhak - Pelupusan harta oleh pelikuidasi setelah plaintif gagal mengemukakan ketuanpunyaan unit - Ketiadaan penafian penerimaan notifikasi daripada pelikuidasi - Kegagalan plaintif untuk menunjukkan dokumen sekuriti - Sama ada tansaksi yang dimasuki plaintif telah dimuktamadkan secara konklusif sebelum pelikuidasi melaksanakan pelupusan harta - Sama ada plaintif telah membuktikan ia merupakan pemilik bona fide suci hati dengan nilai

UNDANG-UNDANG SYARIKAT: Pelikuidasi - Kuasa-kuasa - Pelupusan harta - Pelupusan unit-unit apartmen oleh pelikuidasi melalui perintah perletakkanhak - Pelikuidasi telah mengeluarkan notifikasi berkali-kali meminta pihak-pihak mengemukakan kepada pelikuidasi bukti-bukti ketuanpunyaan - Ketiadaan penafian penerimaan notifikasi - Sama ada pelikuidasi telah menguruskan hal ehwal dan aset-aset syarikat pemaju yang digulungkan berlandaskan undang-undang - Sama ada notifikasi yang dikeluarkan pelikuidasi adalah mencukupi - Sama ada plaintif mempunyai pengetahuan sebenar berkenaan prosiding penggulungan terhadap pemaju - Akta Syarikat 1965, s. 236

[2016] 1 LNS 313

PP lwn. MANIKANDAN PATCHIAPPAN [W / INDIA]

UNDANG-UNDANG JENAYAH: Dadah berbahaya - Pengedaran - Dadah jenis Ketamine seberat 4,012.8 g - Tertuduh ditahan dibalai ketibaan di lapangan terbang - Dadah ditemui di dalam beg yang dibawa bersama oleh tertuduh - Dadah disorok di dalam bingkai-bingkai gambar yang dibawa tertuduh - Sama ada tertuduh mempunyai kawalan, jagaan dan pengetahuan berkenaan dadah - Sama ada dadah adalah untuk tujuan pengedaran

PROSEDUR JENAYAH: Pendakwaan - Kes pendakwaan - Pertuduhan pengedaran dadah berbahaya - Pemutusan rantaian keterangan - Pengendalian barang kes - Perbezaan deskripsi dadah - Kegagalan untuk menandakan sesetengah barang kes - Sama ada rantaian pengendalian barang kes dadah adalah teratur dan sempurna - Sama ada perbezaan deskripsi dadah menjejaskan identiti dan rupa bentuk dadah - Sama ada kegagalan melakukan penandaan barang kes menjejaskan identiti barang kes - Sama ada terdapat keraguan berkenaan barang kes yang dikemukakan di mahkamah


CLJ 2017 Volume 3 (Part 3)

FEDERAL COURT

Low Huat Cheng & Anor v. Rozdenil Toni & Another Appeal
Suriyadi Halim Omar, Hasan Lah, Zainun Ali, Azahar Mohamed, Balia Yusof Wahi FCJJ
(Land Law - Indefeasibility - Transfer of land through forged instruments of dealings - Damages) [2017] 3 CLJ 257 [FC]

Samsuri Baharuddin & Ors v. Mohamed Azahari Matiasin & Another Appeal
Md Raus Sharif PCA, Ahmad Maarop, Hasan Lah, Abu Samah Nordin FCJJ, Aziah Ali JCA
(Legal Profession; Statutory Interpretation - Ad hoc admission - Arbitration in Sabah - Whether foreign lawyers who are not advocates within meaning of Advocates Ordinance 1953 prohibited from representing parties in arbitration proceedings in Sabah - Definition - 'To practise in Sabah') [2017] 3 CLJ 287 [FC]

COURT OF APPEAL

Kabeer Kather v. PP & Another Appeal
Mohtarudin Baki, Zakaria Sam, Ab Karim Ab Jalil JJCA
(Criminal Procedure; Criminal Law - Appeal - Appeal against conviction and sentence - Charge reduced from s. 39B(1)(a) to s. 12(2) of Dangerous Drugs Act 1952 - Whether sentence rightly reduced) [2017] 3 CLJ 298 [CA]

Rohgetana Mayathevan v. Dr Navin Kumar & Ors And Other Appeals
Varghese George, Zamani A Rahim, Zaleha Yusof JJCA
(Tort - Medical negligence - Damages - Claim for) [2017] 3 CLJ 311 [CA]

HIGH COURT

Destan Arslanoski v. Kru Studios Sdn Bhd
Rozana Ali Yusoff JC
(Civil Procedure; Tort - Costs - Security for costs - Whether proposed sum fair and reasonable) [2017] 3 CLJ 335 [HC]

Syarikat Faiza Sdn Bhd & Anor v. Faiz Sdn Bhd & Anor And Another Case
Wong Kian Kheong JC
(Civil Procedure - Action - Causes of action - Parties - Whether properly joined - Application to remove second defendant as party to suit - Striking out - Whether plaintiff's action against second defendant ought to be struck out - Affidavits - Striking out - Application to strike out party under O. 18 r. 19(1)(a) of Rules of Court 2012) [2017] 3 CLJ 346 [HC]

Zulkifli Muhammad Hanafiah v. Suruhanjaya Perkhidmatan Pelajaran & Ors
Hanipah Farikullah J
(Civil Procedure; Public Servants - Judicial review - Certiorari - Applicant terminated from service - Whether applicant absent from work or suspended from duty - Whether termination lawful) [2017] 3 CLJ 370 [HC]

SUBJECT INDEX

CIVIL PROCEDURE

Action - Causes of action - Parties - Whether Managing Director (second defendant) properly joined as party to suit - Whether real dispute arose between plaintiffs and first defendant company - Application to remove second defendant as party to suit - Failure to specify which sub-paragraph of O. 18 r. 19(1) of Rules of Court 2012 application premised upon - Whether application flawed
Syarikat Faiza Sdn Bhd & Anor v. Faiz Sdn Bhd & Anor And Another Case
(Wong Kian Kheong JC) [2017] 3 CLJ 346 [HC]

Affidavits - Striking out - Application to strike out party under O. 18 r. 19(1)(a) of Rules of Court 2012 - Whether O. 18 r. 19(2) disallows court from considering affidavit evidence although application made pursuant to O. 92 r. 4 and/or court's inherent jurisdiction
Syarikat Faiza Sdn Bhd & Anor v. Faiz Sdn Bhd & Anor And Another Case
(Wong Kian Kheong JC) [2017] 3 CLJ 346 [HC]

Costs - Security for costs - Claim for negligence and damages - Security for costs fixed at RM20,000 - Claimant amended writ and statement of claim - Whether amendments resulted in increase in amount of damages claimed - Proposal of RM230,000 as further security for costs - Whether proposed sum fair and reasonable - Whether proposed sum served purpose of security for costs - Rules of Court 2012, O. 23 r. 1(1)
Destan Arslanoski v. Kru Studios Sdn Bhd
(Rozana Ali Yusoff JC) [2017] 3 CLJ 335 [HC]

Judicial review - Certiorari - Application to quash decision of terminating applicant's service - Applicant initially convicted for criminal offence - Applicant suspended from work and did not receive salary and allowance - Applicant resumed duty after being discharged not amounting to acquittal upon appeal against conviction - Employer issued show cause letter, demanding explanation for absence - Applicant's explanation on suspension not accepted - Applicant terminated from service - Whether applicant absent from work or suspended from duty - Whether termination lawful
Zulkifli Muhammad Hanafiah v. Suruhanjaya Perkhidmatan Pelajaran & Ors
(Hanipah Farikullah J) [2017] 3 CLJ 370 [HC]

Striking out - Action - Whether statement of claim disclosed cause of action against Managing Director (second defendant) - Whether real dispute arose between plaintiffs and first defendant company - Whether plaintiff's action against second defendant ought to be struck out - Order 18 r. 19(1)(a) of Rules of Court 2012
Syarikat Faiza Sdn Bhd & Anor v. Faiz Sdn Bhd & Anor And Another Case
(Wong Kian Kheong JC) [2017] 3 CLJ 346 [HC]

CRIMINAL LAW

Dangerous drugs - Trafficking - Knowledge - Demeanour - Discovery of dangerous drugs hidden in bag - 3,217g ketamine hidden in secret compartment - Accused person calm and normal when apprehended - Whether signified lack of knowledge of drugs - Whether defence of innocent carrier available to accused person - Dangerous Drugs Act 1952, s. 39B(1)(a)
Kabeer Kather v. PP & Another Appeal
(Mohtarudin Baki, Zakaria Sam, Ab Karim Ab Jalil JJCA) [2017] 3 CLJ 298 [CA]

CRIMINAL PROCEDURE

Appeal - Appeal against conviction and sentence - Dangerous drugs found in bag - Accused person originally charged for possession under s. 39B(1)(a) but reduced to s. 12(2) of Dangerous Drugs Act 1952 - Whether accused person only in passive possession - Accused person sentenced to 20 years imprisonment - Whether conviction and sentence safe
Kabeer Kather v. PP & Another Appeal
(Mohtarudin Baki, Zakaria Sam, Ab Karim Ab Jalil JJCA) [2017] 3 CLJ 298 [CA]

Charge - Reduction of - Appeal by prosecution against reduction of charge - Dangerous drugs found in bag - Accused person originally charged for possession - Charge reduced from s. 39B(1)(a) to s. 12(2) of Dangerous Drugs Act 1952 - Whether accused person only in passive possession - Accused person sentenced to 20 years imprisonment - Whether sentence rightly reduced
Kabeer Kather v. PP & Another Appeal
(Mohtarudin Baki, Zakaria Sam, Ab Karim Ab Jalil JJCA) [2017] 3 CLJ 298 [CA]

LAND LAW

Indefeasibility - Transfer of land - Transfer through forged instruments of dealings - Competing interests of registered proprietor, immediate purchaser and subsequent purchaser - Action commenced when property already transferred by immediate purchaser to subsequent purchaser both of whom were bona fide purchasers for value without notice - Registered owner's title to property - Whether lost beyond recall - National Land Code, s. 340(2)(b)
Low Huat Cheng & Anor v. Rozdenil Toni & Another Appeal
(Suriyadi Halim Omar FCJ, Hasan Lah, Zainun Ali, Azahar Mohamed, Balia Yusof Wahi FCJJ) [2017] 3 CLJ 257 [FC]

Sale of land - Damages - Sale and transfer of land through forged document - Interest and rights of registered proprietor - Registered proprietor losing land for good - Whether entitled to compensation or damages in lieu of return of property - Section 340 National Land Code - Whether have no bearing on award of damages
Low Huat Cheng & Anor v. Rozdenil Toni & Another Appeal
(Suriyadi Halim Omar FCJ, Hasan Lah, Zainun Ali, Azahar Mohamed, Balia Yusof Wahi FCJJ) [2017] 3 CLJ 257 [FC]

LEGAL PROFESSION

Admission - Ad hoc - Arbitration in Sabah - Foreign lawyer appointed as counsel in arbitration proceedings - Whether foreign lawyers who are not advocates within meaning of Advocates Ordinance 1953 ('Ordinance') prohibited from representing parties in arbitration proceedings in Sabah - Whether Ordinance applicable to arbitration proceedings in Sabah - Whether advocates admitted in Sabah have exclusive right to represent parties in arbitration proceedings in Sabah - Whether s. 8(1) read together with s. 2(1)(a) and (b) of Ordinance confer to Sabah advocates exclusivity of right to practise by representing and appearing for any party in arbitration proceedings in Sabah
Samsuri Baharuddin & Ors v. Mohamed Azahari Matiasin & Another Appeal
(Md Raus Sharif PCA, Ahmad Maarop, Hasan Lah, Abu Samah Nordin FCJJ, Aziah Ali JCA) [2017] 3 CLJ 287 [FC]

PUBLIC SERVANTS

Dismissal - Procedure - Officer absent from duty - Whether actual attempt made to enquire into whereabouts of absent officer - Whether mandatory procedure complied with - Public Officers (Conduct and Discipline) Regulations 1993, reg. 29(1)
Zulkifli Muhammad Hanafiah v. Suruhanjaya Perkhidmatan Pelajaran & Ors
(Hanipah Farikullah J) [2017] 3 CLJ 370 [HC]

STATUTORY INTERPRETATION

Definition - 'To practise in Sabah' - Advocates Ordinance 1953, ss. 2(1)(a) and (b) & 8(1) - Whether s. 8(1) must be read together with s. 2(1)(a) and (b) - Whether confer to Sabah advocates exclusivity of right to practise by representing and appearing for any party in arbitration proceedings in Sabah
Samsuri Baharuddin & Ors v. Mohamed Azahari Matiasin & Another Appeal
(Md Raus Sharif PCA, Ahmad Maarop, Hasan Lah, Abu Samah Nordin FCJJ, Aziah Ali JCA) [2017] 3 CLJ 287 [FC]

TORT

Damages - Assessment of - Negligence - Medical negligence - Child suffered from cerebral palsy from birth - Whether awards of certain terms adequately considered - Whether claims supported by medical evidence - Factors considered - Life expectancy of a cerebral palsy female patient - Proper multiplier to be adopted - Whether upward or downward adjustment ought to be made on certain claims - Whether quantum awarded reasonable
Rohgetana Mayathevan v. Dr Navin Kumar & Ors And Other Appeals
(Varghese George, Zamani A Rahim, Zaleha Yusof JJCA) [2017] 3 CLJ 311 [CA]

Damages - Negligence - Costs - Security for costs - Stunt actor/claimant suffered injury during filming of stunt scene - Security for costs fixed at RM20,000 - Claimant amended writ and statement of claim - Whether amendments resulted in increase in amount of damages claimed - Proposal of RM230,000 as further security for costs - Whether proposed sum fair and reasonable
Destan Arslanoski v. Kru Studios Sdn Bhd
(Rozana Ali Yusoff JC) [2017] 3 CLJ 335 [HC]

Negligence - Medical negligence - Damages - Claim for - Child suffered from cerebral palsy from birth - Assessment of damages - Whether awards of certain items adequately considered - Whether claims supported by medical evidence - Factors considered - Life expectancy of a cerebral palsy female patient - Proper multiplier to be adopted - Whether upward or downward adjustment ought to be made on certain claims - Whether quantum awarded reasonable
Rohgetana Mayathevan v. Dr Navin Kumar & Ors And Other Appeals
(Varghese George, Zamani A Rahim, Zaleha Yusof JJCA) [2017] 3 CLJ 311 [CA]


CLJ 2017 Volume 3 (Part 4)

FEDERAL COURT

Murugan Arumugam lwn. PP
Abdull Hamid Embong, Ahmad Maarop, Hasan Lah, Zaleha Zahari, Ramly Ali HHMP
(Undang-Undang Jenayah; Prosedur Jenayah - Membunuh - Keterangan ikut keadaan - Akuan nazak) [2017] 3 CLJ 377 [FC]

COURT OF APPEAL

Abdul Ghani Che Mat v. Pengerusi Suruhanjaya Pasukan Polis & Ors
Mohd Zawawi Salleh, Vernon Ong Lam Kiat, Abdul Rahman Sebli JJCA
(Police; Administrative Law; Constitutional Law - Disciplinary proceedings - Dismissal from service - Rules of natural justice) [2017] 3 CLJ 399 [CA]

Farek Urep & Ors v. Ehsan Bina Sdn Bhd & Anor
Prasad Sandosham Abraham, Zabariah Mohd Yusof, Asmabi Mohamad JJCA
(Land Law; Civil Procedure - Delivery of vacant possession - Triable issues - Rules of Court 2012, O. 89) [2017] 3 CLJ 420 [CA]

Muhammad Faizal Dzulkifli v. PP
Tengku Maimun Tuan Mat, Abang Iskandar, Ahmadi Asnawi JJCA
(Criminal Law; Criminal Procedure - Murder - Cause of death - Injuries sustained by deceased - Defence) [2017] 3 CLJ 424 [CA]

Permodalan Negeri Selangor (PNSB) Setiausaha Kerajaan Negeri Selangor (Perbadanan) v. Citrasama Projek Sdn Bhd & Anor And Other Appeals
Hamid Sultan Abu Backer, Hasnah Mohammed Hashim, Asmabi Mohamad JJCA
(Administrative Law - Judicial review - Infringement of terms of agreement) [2017] 3 CLJ 439 [CA]

Y-Teq Auto Parts (M) Sdn Bhd v. X1R Global Holding Sdn Bhd & Anor
Hamid Sultan Abu Backer, Prasad Sandosham Abraham, Asmabi Mohamad JJCA
(Intellectual Property - Registered trade mark - Expungement and removal - Likelihood of deception or confusion to public) [2017] 3 CLJ 454 [CA]

HIGH COURT

Jerry WA Dusing & Anor v. Menteri Keselamatan Dalam Negeri Malaysia & Anor; Majlis Agama Islam Wilayah Persekutuan (Proposed Intervener)
Hanipah Farikullah J
(Civil Procedure; Administrative Law - Application to intervene - Administration of Islamic Law (Federal Territories) Act 1993, ss. 4 & 31) [2017] 3 CLJ 474 [HC]

Loi Teck Chai & Yang Lain lwn. Kinta Medical Centre Sdn Bhd
Samsudin Hassan H
(Tort - Kecuaian - Ganti rugi) [2017] 3 CLJ 486 [HC]

PP v. Mohd Firdaus Ali
Wong Teck Meng JC
(Criminal Law; Criminal Procedure - Fraudulently or dishonestly using as genuine a document known to be forged document - Chemist report) [2017] 3 CLJ 500 [HC]

SUBJECT INDEX

ADMINISTRATIVE LAW

Dismissal from service - Dismissal from police force - Disciplinary proceedings - Establishment of investigation committee - Request for oral hearing - Denial of supply of documents to appellant for preparation of his case - Whether a breach of natural justice - Whether appellant given fair opportunity to present his case - Serious dispute as to facts - Whether proper to decide case against appellant without oral hearing - Whether decision ultra vires art. 135(2) Federal Constitution - Whether decision liable to be challenged in court - Charges - Whether defective and unsustainable - Public Officers (Conduct and Discipline) Regulations 1993, regs. 37 & 37B
Abdul Ghani Che Mat v. Pengerusi Suruhanjaya Pasukan Polis & Ors
(Mohd Zawawi Salleh, Vernon Ong Lam Kiat, Abdul Rahman Sebli JJCA) [2017] 3 CLJ 399 [CA]

Judicial review - Appeal against - Infringement of terms of agreement - Claim for - Whether complaint or grievance amenable for judicial review - Whether there was presence of public law element necessary to attract remedies of administrative law - Whether infringement based on substantive principles of public law - Whether case involved private law relief - Whether a fit and proper case for judicial review
Permodalan Negeri Selangor (PNSB) Setiausaha Kerajaan Negeri Selangor (Perbadanan) v. Citrasama Projek Sdn Bhd & Anor And Other Appeals
(Hamid Sultan Abu Backer, Hasnah Mohammed Hashim, Asmabi Mohamad JJCA) [2017] 3 CLJ 439 [CA]

Judicial review - Judicial review proceedings - Application to intervene - Applicants' constitutional right to use the word `Allah' in religious publications and materials - Application by Majlis Agama Islam Wilayah Persekutuan (MAIWP) to intervene - Whether application ought to be allowed under O. 15 r. 6(2) Rules of Court 2012 (ROC) - Whether application could only be brought under O. 53 r. 8(1) ROC - Administration of Islamic Law (Federal Territories) Act 1993, ss. 4 & 31
Jerry WA Dusing & Anor v. Menteri Keselamatan Dalam Negeri Malaysia & Anor; Majlis Agama Islam Wilayah Persekutuan (Proposed Intervener)
(Hanipah Farikullah J) [2017] 3 CLJ 474 [HC]

Rules of natural justice - Dismissal - Right to be heard - Establishment of investigation committee - Request for oral hearing - Denial of - Whether a breach of natural justice - Whether appellant given fair opportunity to present his case - Whether decision to dismiss appellant ultra vires art. 135(2) Federal Constitution
Abdul Ghani Che Mat v. Pengerusi Suruhanjaya Pasukan Polis & Ors
(Mohd Zawawi Salleh, Vernon Ong Lam Kiat, Abdul Rahman Sebli JJCA) [2017] 3 CLJ 399 [CA]

CIVIL PROCEDURE

Intervention - Application for - Judicial review proceedings - Applicants' constitutional right to use the word 'Allah' in religious publications and materials - Application by Majlis Agama Islam Wilayah Persekutuan (MAIWP) to intervene - Whether application ought to be allowed under O. 15 r. 6(2) Rules of Court 2012 (ROC) - Whether application could only be brought under O. 53 r. 8(1) ROC - Whether MAIWP had direct interest in reliefs sought by applicants - Whether power to intervene expressly provided under ss. 4 & 31 of Administration of Islamic Law (Federal Territories) Act 1993 - Implicit power to intervene - Role of MAIWP - Whether considered
Jerry WA Dusing & Anor v. Menteri Keselamatan Dalam Negeri Malaysia & Anor; Majlis Agama Islam Wilayah Persekutuan (Proposed Intervener)
(Hanipah Farikullah J) [2017] 3 CLJ 474 [HC]

Originating summons - Application for - Delivery of vacant possession - Whether appellants trespassers simpliciter - Whether appellants occupied lands with consent of respondents' predecessors in title - Whether summary procedure under O. 89 Rules of Court 2012 available - Triable issues - Whether raised - Whether appellants came within specialised categories of persons envisaged by O. 89 r. 1 Rules of Court 2012
Farek Urep & Ors v. Ehsan Bina Sdn Bhd & Anor
(Prasad Sandosham Abraham, Zabariah Mohd Yusof, Asmabi Mohamad JJCA) [2017] 3 CLJ 420 [CA]

CRIMINAL LAW

Murder - Penal Code, s. 302 - Death caused by severe beatings - Whether beatings resulted in death - Deceased also beaten up by other persons - Whether absolved accused from guilt - Whether injuries sustained by deceased sufficient in ordinary course of nature to cause death - Whether defence of accused sufficiently considered by High Court
Muhammad Faizal Dzulkifli v. PP
(Tengku Maimun Tuan Mat, Abang Iskandar, Ahmadi Asnawi JJCA) [2017] 3 CLJ 424 [CA]

Penal Code - Section 471 - Fraudulently or dishonestly using as genuine a document known to be forged document - Police officer convicted of offence of fabricating chemist report - Whether sentence of three months' imprisonment and fine of RM2,000 adequate
PP v. Mohd Firdaus Ali
(Wong Teck Meng JC) [2017] 3 CLJ 500 [HC]

CRIMINAL PROCEDURE

Appeal - Appeal against conviction and sentence - Accused convicted under s. 302 of Penal Code and sentenced to death - Death caused by severe beatings - Whether death caused by beatings - Deceased also beaten up by other persons - Whether absolved accused from guilt - Whether injuries sustained by deceased sufficient in ordinary course of nature to cause death - Whether defence sufficiently considered by High Court - Whether conviction and sentence safe
Muhammad Faizal Dzulkifli v. PP
(Tengku Maimun Tuan Mat, Abang Iskandar, Ahmadi Asnawi JJCA) [2017] 3 CLJ 424 [CA]

Appeal - Appeal against sentence - Appeal by prosecution - Accused person convicted for fabricating chemist report and sentenced to three months' imprisonment and fined RM2,000 - Whether sentence adequate - Whether public interest taken into account in imposing sentence - Whether mitigating factors favoured accused person - Whether higher sentence must be imposed - Penal Code, s. 471
PP v. Mohd Firdaus Ali
(Wong Teck Meng JC) [2017] 3 CLJ 500 [HC]

CONSTITUTIONAL LAW

Public servants - Dismissal - Establishment of investigation committee - Failure to grant oral hearing for appellant to present his case - Whether a breach of natural justice - Whether decision to dismiss appellant ultra vires art. 135(2) Federal Constitution
Abdul Ghani Che Mat v. Pengerusi Suruhanjaya Pasukan Polis & Ors
(Mohd Zawawi Salleh, Vernon Ong Lam Kiat, Abdul Rahman Sebli JJCA) [2017] 3 CLJ 399 [CA]

INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY

Trade marks - Registered trade mark - Expungement and removal of - Appeal against - Whether defendant's marks identical or had close similarity to plaintiff's marks - Whether plaintiff aggrieved person - Likelihood of deception or confusion to public - Conditions under s. 14 of Trade Marks Act 1976 - Whether fulfilled - Whether mark ought not to be registered if earlier trade mark a well known trade mark - Conclusiveness of registered trade mark under s. 37 of Trade Marks Act 1976 - Whether applicable to a mark registered in breach of s. 14 - Whether appellate intervention warranted - Whether appeal ought to be dismissed
Y-teq Auto Parts (M) Sdn Bhd v. X1R Global Holding Sdn Bhd & Anor
(Hamid Sultan Abu Backer, Prasad Sandosham Abraham, Asmabi Mohamad JJCA) [2017] 3 CLJ 454 [CA]

LAND LAW

Possession - Recovery of - Application under O. 89 Rules of Court 2012 - Whether appellants trespassers simpliciter - Whether appellants occupied lands with consent of respondents' predecessors in title - Whether summary procedure under O. 89 Rules of Court 2012 available - Triable issues - Whether raised - Whether appellants came within specialised categories of persons envisaged by O. 89 r. 1 Rules of Court 2012
Farek Urep & Ors v. Ehsan Bina Sdn Bhd & Anor
(Prasad Sandosham Abraham, Zabariah Mohd Yusof, Asmabi Mohamad JJCA) [2017] 3 CLJ 420 [CA]

POLICE

Disciplinary proceedings - Dismissal - Establishment of investigation committee - Request for oral hearing - Denial of supply of documents to appellant for preparation of his case - Whether a breach of natural justice - Whether appellant given fair opportunity to present his case - Serious dispute as to facts - Whether proper to decide case against appellant without oral hearing - Whether decision ultra vires art. 135(2) Federal Constitution - Whether decision liable to be challenged in court - Charges - Whether defective and unsustainable - Public Officers (Conduct and Discipline) Regulations 1993, regs. 37 & 37B
Abdul Ghani Che Mat v. Pengerusi Suruhanjaya Pasukan Polis & Ors
(Mohd Zawawi Salleh, Vernon Ong Lam Kiat, Abdul Rahman Sebli JJCA) [2017] 3 CLJ 399 [CA]

INDEKS PERKARA

PROSEDUR JENAYAH

Rayuan - Rayuan terhadap sabitan dan hukuman - Membunuh - Keterangan ikut keadaan - Mangsa meninggal dunia akibat kecederaan yang dialaminya semasa bekerja di rumah perayu - Sama ada hakim bicara khilaf apabila menerima keterangan peguam perayu - Sama ada komunikasi di antara perayu dan peguamnya dilindungi di bawah s. 126 Akta Keterangan 1950 - Sama ada keterangan isteri perayu di mahkamah diterima walaupun bercanggah dengan kenyataannya yang direkod semasa siasatan polis - Sama ada hakim bicara gagal menyatakan cabang manakah di bawah s. 300 Kanun Keseksaan perayu disabitkan dengan pertuduhan yang dikenakan - Sama ada hukuman yang dijatuhkan terhadap perayu dikekalkan
Murugan Arumugam lwn. PP
(Abdull Hamid Embong, Ahmad Maarop, Hasan Lah, Zaleha Zahari, Ramly Ali HHMP) [2017] 3 CLJ 377 [FC]

TORT

Ganti rugi - Kecuaian - Pesakit menerima rawatan hospital - Pesakit sah positif HIV selepas menerima darah yang dibekalkan oleh klinik ke hospital - Tuntutan ganti rugi am dan khas - Faktor-faktor yang dipertimbangkan dalam mengawardkan ganti rugi - Sama ada tuntutan ganti rugi disokong - Jumlah ganti rugi yang wajar diawardkan
Loi Teck Chai & Yang Lain lwn. Kinta Medical Centre Sdn Bhd
(Samsudin Hassan H) [2017] 3 CLJ 486 [HC]

Kecuaian - Tanggungjawab berjaga-jaga - Kemungkiran - Pesakit menerima rawatan hospital - Pesakit sah positif HIV selepas menerima darah yang dibekalkan oleh klinik ke hospital - Sama ada wujud tanggungjawab berjaga-jaga oleh klinik terhadap pesakit - Sama ada tanggungjawab berjaga-jaga dimungkiri - Sama ada pesakit mengalami kerosakan dan kerugian akibat kemungkiran tanggungjawab berjaga-jaga klinik - Sama ada kecuaian klinik terbukti
Loi Teck Chai & Yang Lain lwn. Kinta Medical Centre Sdn Bhd
(Samsudin Hassan H) [2017] 3 CLJ 486 [HC]

UNDANG-UNDANG JENAYAH

Membunuh - Kanun Keseksaan, s. 302 - Keterangan ikut keadaan - Mangsa meninggal dunia akibat kecederaan yang dialaminya semasa bekerja di rumah perayu - Sama ada perayu mempunyai niat untuk mencederakan mangsa sehingga menyebabkan kematiannya - Akuan nazak - Sama ada dibuat kepada saksi-saksi pada masa berlainan - Sama ada konsisten - Komunikasi perayu dengan peguamnya - Sama ada dilindungi di bawah s. 126 Akta Keterangan 1950 - Sama ada peguam dilantik atau bersetuju dilantik sebagai peguam kepada perayu - Sama ada keterangan isteri perayu di mahkamah diterima walaupun bercanggah dengan kenyataannya yang direkod semasa siasatan polis - Sama ada hukuman dijatuhkan berdasarkan keterangan ikut keadaan dan akuan nazak mangsa - Akta Keterangan 1950, s. 32(1)(a)
Murugan Arumugam lwn. PP
(Abdull Hamid Embong, Ahmad Maarop, Hasan Lah, Zaleha Zahari, Ramly Ali HHMP) [2017] 3 CLJ 377 [FC]


ARTICLES

LNS Article(s)

  1. CAN A CONTRACT BE TERMINATED WITHOUT PROVIDING REASONS?* [Read excerpt]
    by: LILIEN WONG [2017] 1 LNS(A) xv

  2. [2017] 1 LNS(A) xv
    logo
    MALAYSIA

    CAN A CONTRACT BE TERMINATED WITHOUT PROVIDING REASONS?*
    by
    LILIEN WONG

    IN THIS ARTICLE, LILIEN WONG ANALYSES THE RECENT FEDERAL COURT DECISION OF SPM MEMBRANE SWITCH SDN BHD V. KERAJAAN NEGERI SELANGOR[1] ON THE VALIDITY OF A NOTICE OF TERMINATION.

    Introduction

    Subject to other prerequisites for an enforceable contract to arise, a contract exists when two or more competent parties voluntarily agree to be legally bound by an arrangement. In contrast, the termination of a contract, more often than not, occurs unilaterally. Generally, the termination of a contract may be achieved with the issuance of a notice of termination by the terminating party to the counterparty. Such a termination, if not properly effected, may be challenged particularly when the terms of the contract are unclear or ambiguous. Disputes may arise as to the mode of termination, the manner in which a termination is effected or the grounds of termination. A wrongful termination may result in significant financial implications on the part of the terminating party.

    The dispute

    A dispute arose between the State Government of Selangor (“State Government”) and SPM Membrane Switch Sdn Bhd (“SPM”) in relation to a privatisation agreement where the State Government appointed SPM to assist with the collection of outstanding quit rent in the State of Selangor (“Agreement”). The State Government issued a notice of termination informing SPM that it would terminate the Agreement after a 30-day notice period. The termination was then effected by way of a subsequent letter after the 30 days had lapsed.

    . . .

    * Published with kind permission of M/s Shearn Delamore & Co.


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  3. FOR THE GREATEST GOOD OF THE GREATEST NUMBER IN NIGERIA: CONSTITUTIONAL AND LEGAL CASE STUDY OF THE PETROLEUM INDUSTRY BILL 2012 ON MAXIMISING THE BENEFITS, RESTORING FEDERAL LEGISLATIVE POWER AND SUNDRY ISSUES [Read excerpt]
    by: MOHAMMED ENESI ETUDAIYE, Ph.D*
    MUHTAR ADEIZA ETUDAIYE, Ph.D**
    [2017] 1 LNS(A) xxv

  4. [2017] 1 LNS(A) xxv
    logo
    NIGERIA

    FOR THE GREATEST GOOD OF THE GREATEST NUMBER IN NIGERIA:
    CONSTITUTIONAL AND LEGAL CASE STUDY OF THE PETROLEUM INDUSTRY
    BILL 2012 ON MAXIMISING THE BENEFITS, RESTORING FEDERAL LEGISLATIVE
    POWER AND SUNDRY ISSUES

    by
    MOHAMMED ENESI ETUDAIYE, Ph.D*
    MUHTAR ADEIZA ETUDAIYE, Ph.D**

    ABSTRACT

    The oil industry is, for the moment at least, unarguably the most critical sector of the Nigerian economy. Government has pursued a policy (controversial in form, methodology and substance) to deregulate the sector. This policy has culminated in the withdrawal of fuel subsidy that is perceived to have caused untold hardship to the common man. This perception has been aggravated by the recent confirmation by a House of Representatives Ad-hoc Committee of the existence of massive corruption in the subsidy regime. The step taken by Government to send the Petroleum Industry Bill 2012 consolidating all the laws regulating the petroleum industry in one enactment was therefore bound to be controversial. This article is an attempt to briefly dissect the bill from a constitutional and legal perspective with a view to infusing best practices in the industry and consequently enhancing the benefits of this natural endowment to the Nigerian state.

    A. PREAMBLE

    Recently, the executive arm forwarded a bill, the Petroleum Industry Bill 2012, to the National Assembly to enact it into law. This was sequel to the protests which engulfed the nation as a result of the policy of Government to deregulate the downstream petroleum sector, a policy which would have culminated in the total removal of fuel subsidies. Following the protests, it had been found by a House of Representatives Ad-hoc Committee that several petroleum products marketers had defrauded the nation on fuel subsidy payments. The uproar that accompanied this latter development and the need to consolidate and harmonise all the laws governing the petroleum industry resulted in the introduction of this draft legislation. The idea of a Petroleum Industry Bill has however been mooted for some time.[1]

    . . .

    *Senior Lecturer, Department of Public and International Law, University of Abuja, Gwagwalada, Nigeria. E-mail: mohammedetudaiye@yahoo.com.

    **Associate Professor, Department of Jurisprudence and International Law, University of Ilorin, Ilorin, Nigeria. E-mail: muhtaretudaiye@yahoo.com


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CLJ Article(s)

  1. ISLAMIC FINANCE LITIGATION IN MALAYSIA: AN OVERVIEW [Read excerpt]
    by: HIZRI HASSHAN* [2017] 3 CLJ(A) i

  2. [2017] 3 CLJ(A) i
    logo
    MALAYSIA

    ISLAMIC FINANCE LITIGATION IN MALAYSIA: AN OVERVIEW
    by
    HIZRI HASSHAN*

    Abstract

    Islamic finance litigation is a special area of practice where we can see the Shariah issues are litigated and adjudicated within the civil judicial framework. The Bank Negara Malaysia in its Malaysian Financial Masterplan 2001-2010 did mention that a sufficient number of competent lawyers and judges equipped with sound knowledge and expertise in both Shariah and civil laws is needed. Hence, in this article, the author seeks to explore the scope of the Islamic finance litigation practice in Malaysia.

    Keywords: Islamic finance litigation, Islamic finance, dispute resolution, litigation practice

    Introduction

    Litigation, being the dispute resolution process through the courts of law, is undeniably the most popular method of determining the domestic Islamic financial disputes. According to the Global Islamic Finance Report (GIFR 2011), the Malaysian litigation framework does provide support to the Islamic banking and finance industry. By virtue of the common law system inherited from the British colonialists, the Malaysian courts adopt the doctrine of judicial precedent (stare decisis) and publicly report landmark decisions, thereby facilitating the development of certainty and predictability of dispute resolution outcomes for Islamic banking and finance cases.[1]

    It is also observed that not all of the Islamic bankers and customers are agreeable to refer their disputes to arbitration or mediation. Most of the financing documents prepared by the Islamic banks in Malaysia do not contain any arbitration clause. In a survey conducted by Associate Professor Dr. Hakimah Yaacob on ten Islamic banks and 12 takaful operators, she found that there was a credit policy in many of these Islamic financial institutions not to include the alternative dispute resolution clauses in their contract and opt for litigation.[2]

    . . .

    * Fellow, Faculty of Law, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia (UKM) [Email: hizri@ukm.edu.my]


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LEGISLATION HIGHLIGHTS

Principal Acts

Number Title In force from Repealing
ACT 788 Civil Aviation Authority of Malaysia Act 2017 Not Yet In Force -
ACT 787 Offences Relating To Awards Act 2017 Not Yet In Force -
ACT 786 Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank Act 2017 This Act comes into operation on the date the Agreement comes into operation for the Government of Malaysia pursuant to Article 58 of the Agreement -
ACT 785 Finance Act 2017 The Income Tax Act 1967 [Act 53] see s 3; The Petroleum (Income Tax) Act 1967 [Act 543] see s 30; The Real Property Gains Tax Act 1976 [Act 169] see s 34; The Labuan Business Activity Tax Act 1990 [Act 445] see s 37; The Goods and Services Tax Act 2014 [Act 762] see s 40 -
ACT 784 Scouts Association of Malaysia (Incorporation) Act 1968 (Revised 2016) 17 November 2016 pursuant to paragraph 6(1)(xxiii) of the Revision of Laws Act 1968 [Act 1]; Revised up to 1 November 2016; First enacted in 1968 as Act of Parliament No 38 of 1968; First Revision - 1989 (Act 409 wef 14 December 1989) -

Amending Acts

Number Title In force from Principal/Amending Act No
ACT A1527 Evidence (Amendment) Act 2017 1 March 2017 ACT 56
ACT A1526 Civil Aviation (Amendment) Act 2017 Not Yet In Force ACT 3
ACT A1525 Emblems and Names (Prevention of Improper Use) (Amendment) Act 2017 Not Yet In Force ACT 414
ACT A1524 Births and Deaths Registration (Amendment) Act 2017 Not Yet In Force ACT 299
ACT A1523 Administration of Islamic Law (Federal Territories) (Amendment) Act 2017 1 February 2017
[PU(B) 67/2017]
ACT 505

PU(A)

Number Title Date of Publication In force from Principal/ Amending Act No
PU(A) 80/2017 Minimum Retirement Age (Exemption) (No. 5) Order 2017 21 March 2017 22 March 2017 ACT 753
PU(A) 79/2017 Customs Duties (Exemption) (Amendment) (No. 2) Order 2017 20 March 2017 21 March 2017 PU(A) 371/2013
PU(A) 78/2017 Loans Guarantee (Bodies Corporate) (Remission of Tax and Stamp Duty) Order 2017 16 March 2017 17 March 2017 ACT 96
PU(A) 77/2017 Loans Guarantee (Declaration of Bodies Corporate) (National Savings Bank) Order 2017 16 March 2017 17 March 2017 ACT 96
PU(A) 76/2017 Prohibition Against Spitting (Federal Territory of Kuala Lumpur) By-Laws 2017 15 March 2017 15 March 2017 ACT 171

PU(B)

Number Title Date of Publication In force from Principal/ Amending Act No
PU(B) 150/2017 Notification of Values of Palm Kernel Under Section 12 21 March 2017 1 April 2017 to 30 April 2017 ACT 235
PU(B) 149/2017 Notification Under Section 60 17 March 2017 6 March 2017 to 9 April 2017 ACT 206
PU(B) 148/2017 Revocation of Reservation of Land For Public Purpose 17 March 2017 18 March 2017 ACT 56/1965
PU(B) 147/2017 Revocation of Reservation of Land For Public Purpose 17 March 2017 18 March 2017 ACT 56/1965
PU(B) 146/2017 Reservation of Land For Public Purpose 17 March 2017 18 March 2017 ACT 56/1965

Legislation Alert

Updated

Act/Principal No. Title Amended by In force from Section amended
PU(A) 371/2013 Customs Duties (Exemption) Order 2013 PU(A) 79/2017 21 March 2017 Schedule
PU(B) 506/2014 Federal Order of Precedence PU(B) 140/2017 17 March 2017 Second Schedule
PU(A) 169/2014 Income Tax (Deduction For Expenditure in Relation to Vendor Development Programme) Rules 2014 PU(A) 73/2017 Year of assessment 2017 Rule 2
ACT 469 Optical Act 1991 PU(A) 74/2017 14 March 2017 Second Schedule
ACT 612 Pembangunan Sumber Manusia Berhad Act 2001 PU(A) 69/2017 1 April 2017 First Schedule

Revoked

Act/Principal No. Title Revoked by In force from
PU(A) 155/1991 Prohibition Against Spitting (Federal Territory of Kuala Lumpur) By-Laws 1991 PU(A) 76/2017 15 March 2017
PU(B) 227/2004 Declaration of the New Pantai Highway As A Designated Federal Territory Road PU(B) 126/2017 8 March 2017
PU(A) 322/2013 Price Control and Anti-Profiteering (Determination of Maximum Price) (No. 7) Order 2013 PU(A) 61/2017 1 March 2017
PU(B) 27/2015 Appointment and Revocation of Appointment of Registrar of Credit Reporting Agencies PU(B) 463/2016 16 March 2016
PU(A) 61/2010 Federal Roads (Private Management) (Collection of Tolls) (Kajang-Seremban Highway) Order 2010 PU(A) 264/2016 19 October 2016