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CLJ Bulletin, Issue 2016, Vol 8
25 February 2016


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New This Week

1. Case(s) of the Week

  1. KILO ASSET SDN BHD v. HEW TAI HONG [2016] 2 CLJ 365

  2. ROSLIZAWATI HARUN lwn. MAHASAN HARUN [2015] 2 SMC 299

2. Latest Cases

  1. Legal Network Series

  2. CLJ 2016 Volume 2 (Part 3)

3. Articles

  1. LNS Article(s)

4. Legislation Highlights

  1. Principal Acts

  2. Amending Acts

  3. PU(A)

  4. PU(B)

  5. Legislation Alert


CASE(S) OF THE WEEK

KILO ASSET SDN BHD v. HEW TAI HONG [2016] 2 CLJ 365
FEDERAL COURT, PUTRAJAYA
MD RAUS SHARIF PCA, ABDULL HAMID EMBONG FCJ, HASAN LAH FCJ, APANDI ALI FCJ, ZAHARAH IBRAHIM FCJ
[CIVIL APPEAL NO: 02(f)-94-12-2014(A)]
23 NOVEMBER 2015

COMPANY LAW: Winding up - Filing of affidavit in reply - Whether filed within three days from date of service of affidavit in opposition - Application for extension of time - Whether time limit prescribed in r. 30(2) Companies (Winding-up) Rules 1972 mandatory in nature - Whether non-compliance caused substantial injustice - Whether court has discretion to cure non-compliance of r. 30(2) - Whether extension of time ought to be granted - Whether rr. 193 and 194 considered by trial court - Companies Act 1965, ss. 221(2) & 355(1)

CIVIL PROCEDURE: Affidavit - Filing and service - Winding up petition - Filing of affidavit in reply to affidavit in opposition - Application for extension of time - Whether affidavit filed within three days from date of service of affidavit in opposition - Whether time limit prescribed in r. 30(2) Companies (Winding-up) Rules 1972 mandatory in nature - Whether non-compliance caused substantial injustice - Whether court has discretion to cure non-compliance of r. 30(2) - Whether extension of time ought to be granted - Whether rr. 193 and 194 considered by trial court - Companies Act 1965, ss. 221(2) & 355(1)

CIVIL PROCEDURE: Extension of time - Application for leave - Winding up petition - Filing of affidavit in reply to affidavit in opposition - Application for extension of time - Whether affidavit in reply filed within three days from date of service of affidavit in opposition - Whether time limit prescribed in r. 30(2) Companies (Winding-up) Rules 1972 mandatory in nature - Whether non-compliance caused substantial injustice - Whether court has discretion to cure non-compliance of r. 30(2) - Whether extension of time ought to be granted - Whether rr. 193 and 194 considered by trial court - Companies Act 1965, ss. 221(2) & 355(1)

WORDS & PHRASES: 'shall' - Companies (Winding-up) Rules 1972, r. 30(2) - Application for extension of time - Whether time limit prescribed in r. 30(2) mandatory in nature


ROSLIZAWATI HARUN lwn. MAHASAN HARUN [2015] 2 SMC 299
MAHKAMAH MAJISTRET, MACHANG
NOR AHMEED FAHD ABDULLAH Mj
[WRIT SAMAN NO: A72-2-7-2014]
1 JANUARI 2015

UNDANG-UNDANG TANAH: Milikan kosong - Tuntutan untuk - Defendan telah mendirikan rumah dan membuat pengubahsuaian ke atas bengkel yang didirikan atas tanah plaintif - Sama ada defendan melanggar syarat kebenaran untuk menduduki tanah plaintif - Sama ada defendan seorang setinggan - Sama ada Mahkamah Majistret mempunyai bidang kuasa untuk mendengar tuntutan ini - Sama ada isu hak milik dipertikaikan - Tuntutan balas - Sama ada defendan perlu dibayar ganti rugi apabila diperintah untuk mengembalikan tanah kepada plaintif - Akta Mahkamah Rendah 1948, ss. 70(1) & 93(1) - Kanun Tanah Negara, s. 417(1)

BIDANG KUASA: Mahkamah Majistret - Milikan kosong - Tuntutan untuk - Sama ada isu hak milik tanah dipertikaikan - Sama ada nilai tanah tidak melebihi RM100,000 - Sama ada mahkamah mempunyai bidang kuasa untuk menentukan tuntutan ini - Akta Mahkamah Rendah 1948, ss. 70(1) & 93(1) - Kanun Tanah Negara, s. 417(1)

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LATEST CASES

Legal Network Series

[2015] 1 LNS 54

KALSOM SALLEH lwn. NURUL ATIKAH ISMAIL

PROSEDUR SIVIL: Rayuan - Kemalangan jalan raya - Rayuan terhadap penentuan liabiliti - Campurtangan mahkamah di peringkat rayuan - Sama ada hakim bicara wajar membenarkan tuntutan walaupun plaintif telah mengemukakan beberapa versi kemalangan yang berbeza - Sama ada hakim bicara wajar membandingkan raut wajah dan umur pihak-pihak semata-mata dalam menentukan kredibiliti pihak-pihak - Sama ada hakim bicara harus menimbangkan keterangan senyap apabila terdapat keterangan kemalangan yang berbeza

[2015] 1 LNS 55

NAEZAWATY HALIM & SATU LAGI lwn. CIMB BANK BERHAD & YANG LAIN

SEWA BELI: Kemungkiran perjanjian - Tindakan untuk mendapatkan bayaran ansuran yang tertunggak - Kecacatan pada kereta - Sama ada penyewa masih bertanggungan dan terikat dengan terma-terma perjanjian sewa beli walaupun terdapat kecacatan pada kenderaan - Sama ada peruntukan s. 7(2)b Akta Sewa Beli 1967 terpakai terhadap kenderaan terpakai - Sama ada kecacatan pada kereta yang mengakibatkan kegagalan penuh balasan boleh melepaskan tanggungan penyewa untuk membayar tunggakan yang dituntut

[2015] 1 LNS 350

SABRI MAT HASHIM v. ROZITA ABDUL RAHMAN & ORS

CIVIL PROCEDURE: Striking out - Action - Striking out of an action based on fraudulent transfer of land - Existence of competing interest over disputed land - Forged signature in instrument of transfer - Lack of particulars of alleged fraud in statement of claim - Defective statement of claim - Whether reliance on affidavit was sufficient to resolve issues pertaining to forged signature and fraudulent transfer of land - Whether lack of particulars of fraud in statement of claim could be a basis for striking out of a statement of claim

[2015] 1 LNS 357

AIRMAS DEVELOPMENT SDN BHD v. GUAN GEE BENG AND GUAN GHEE YEONG & ORS

CONTRACT: Specific performance - Sale and purchase agreement - Frustration - Contingent contract - Property was subject matter of a contested will - Vendor beneficiaries of property under will - Completion date of sale subject to outcome of legal action to challenge validity of will - Court declared will to be invalid - Whether sale and purchase agreement frustrated - Whether sale and purchase agreement enforceable - Contracts Act 1950, s. 33 & 57(2)

CONTRACT: Void contract - Contracts Act 1950, s. 66 - Sale and purchase agreement entered by beneficiary under intestacy - Whether sale and purchase agreement entered by beneficiary under intestacy was valid

[2015] 1 LNS 365

PER: SIOW FOOK KEONG; EX-PARTE: LIM EAN CHYE

BANKRUPTCY: Petition - Service - Personal service - Bankruptcy Rules 196, r. 109 - Creditor's petition was served by leaving a copy at judgment debtor's house gate - Whether there was proper and valid personal service in accordance with r. 109 of Bankruptcy Rules 1969 - Whether acknowledgment receipt of petition required to be produced to validate service

BANKRUPTCY: Creditor's petition - Application to set aside - Defective service of creditor's petition - Petition served by leaving a copy at judgment debtor's house gate - Whether service of creditor's petition was defective - Whether there was sufficient ground to set aside creditor's petition


CLJ 2016 Volume 2 (Part 3)

FEDERAL COURT

Kilo Asset Sdn Bhd v. Hew Tai Hong
Md Raus Sharif PCA, Abdull Hamid Embong, Hasan Lah, Apandi Ali, Zaharah Ibrahim FCJJ
(Company Law; Civil Procedure; Words & Phrases - Winding up - Whether time limit in r. 30(2) Companies (Winding-up) Rules 1972 mandatory in nature - Extension of time) [2016] 2 CLJ 365 [FC]

COURT OF APPEAL

CCI Technology Sdn Bhd & Ors v. Pernec Ebiz Sdn Bhd
Balia Yusof Wahi, Mah Weng Kwai, Badariah Sahamid JJCA
(Civil Procedure - Ad interim injunction - Absence of specific order by lower court - Whether appellate court has power to order consequential relief) [2016] 2 CLJ 379 [CA]

Ekwe Sampson Odii v. PP
Aziah Ali, Ahmadi Asnawi, Zamani A Rahim JJCA
(Evidence; Criminal Law - Exhibits - Break in chain of evidence - Whether created doubt as to identity of exhibits - Whether defence an afterthought) [2016] 2 CLJ 387 [CA]

Luke Nnaemeka Ugwu lwn. PP
Aziah Ali, Mohd Zawawi Salleh, Abdul Rahman Sebli HHMR
(Undang-undang Jenayah; Prosedur Jenayah - Sama ada tertuduh diberi masa yang mencukupi untuk membuat pembelaan - Sama ada sabitan dan hukuman selamat) [2016] 2 CLJ 400 [CA]

Yeohata Machineries Sdn Bhd & Anor v. Coil Master Sdn Bhd & Ors
Balia Yusof Wahi, Abang Iskandar, Vernon Ong Lam Kiat JJCA
(Intellectual Property; Evidence - Patent - Whether there was infringement - Admissibility of statements of opinion) [2016] 2 CLJ 414 [CA]

HIGH COURT

Kembang Serantau Sdn Bhd v. Jeks Engineering Sdn Bhd
Mary Lim J
(Arbitration; Words & Phrases - Award - Setting aside - Time limit - 'may not' - Whether directory or mandatory in nature) [2016] 2 CLJ 427 [HC]

Pacific & Orient Insurance Co Bhd v. Mazlan Ahmad & Ors
Wong Kian Kheong JC
(Jurisdiction: Civil Procedure: Company Law; Insurance; Words & Phrases - High Court jurisdiction to set aside another High Court's perfected judgment - Service of notice under s. 218(a) Companies Act 1965 against insurance company - Insurer's statutory liability) [2016] 2 CLJ 444 [HC]

Rodziah Abd Rahim lwn. Mohamed Zubir Hassan & Yang Lain
Abu Bakar Katar PK
(Undang-undang Tanah - Pindah milik - Pelaksanaan spesifik - Sama ada perjanjian jual beli muktamad) [2016] 2 CLJ 510 [HC]

Wak Kuari Sdn Bhd lwn. Harapan Ramai Sdn Bhd
Teo Say Eng H
(Kontrak; Tort - Tuntutan terhadap perjanjian - Sama ada dibuat dalam tempoh perjanjian sah - Liabiliti - Kecuaian - Ganti rugi am dan khas) [2016] 2 CLJ 526 [HC]

SUBJECT INDEX

ARBITRATION

Award - Setting aside - Time limit - Whether application filed out of time - Whether there was inordinate delay - Change in judgment - Whether court had power to grant extension - Arbitration Act 2005, ss. 8, 37(4)
Kembang Serantau Sdn Bhd v. Jeks Engineering Sdn Bhd
(Mary Lim J) [2016] 2 CLJ 427 [HC]

CIVIL PROCEDURE

Affidavit - Filing and service - Winding up petition - Filing of affidavit in reply to affidavit in opposition - Application for extension of time - Whether affidavit filed within three days from date of service of affidavit in opposition - Whether time limit prescribed in r. 30(2) Companies (Winding-up) Rules 1972 mandatory in nature - Whether non-compliance caused substantial injustice - Whether court has discretion to cure non-compliance of r. 30(2) - Whether extension of time ought to be granted - Whether rr. 193 and 194 considered by trial court - Companies Act 1965, ss. 221(2) & 355(1)
Kilo Asset Sdn Bhd v. Hew Tai Hong
(Md Raus Sharif Pca, Abdull Hamid Embong, Hasan Lah, Apandi Ali, Zaharah Ibrahim FCJJ) [2016] 2 CLJ 365 [FC]

Extension of time - Application for leave - Winding up petition - Filing of affidavit in reply to affidavit in opposition - Application for extension of time - Whether affidavit in reply filed within three days from date of service of affidavit in opposition - Whether time limit prescribed in r. 30(2) Companies (Winding-up) Rules 1972 mandatory in nature - Whether non-compliance caused substantial injustice - Whether court has discretion to cure non-compliance of r. 30(2) - Whether extension of time granted - Whether rr. 193 and 194 considered by trial court - Companies Act 1965, ss. 221(2) & 355(1)
Kilo Asset Sdn Bhd v. Hew Tai Hong
(Md Raus Sharif Pca, Abdull Hamid Embong, Hasan Lah, Apandi Ali, Zaharah Ibrahim FCJJ) [2016] 2 CLJ 365 [FC]

Injunction - Ad interim injunction - Plaintiff obtained ad interim injunction order against defendants - Plaintiff seized goods and monies belonging to defendants - Ad interim injunction order set aside by High Court - Absence of specific order of High Court in respect of return of goods and monies seized - Whether appellate court had power to order return of seized goods and monies to defendants as consequential relief
CCI Technology Sdn Bhd & Ors v. Pernec Ebiz Sdn Bhd
(Balia Yusof Wahi, Mah Weng Kwai, Badariah Sahamid JJCA) [2016] 2 CLJ 379 [CA]

Judgments and orders - Declaratory order - Declaratory order pertaining to insurer's statutory liability - Whether insurer legally bound to pay insured - Whether motor vehicle involved in accident insured by insurer - Whether insurer had notice of liability suit within seven days after its commencement - Whether notice contained correct particulars of motor vehicle - Whether court has jurisdiction to grant declaratory order - Whether court has jurisdiction to grant ancillary monetary judgments - Road Transport Act 1987, ss. 91 & 96 - Specific Relief Act 1950, s. 41 - Rules of Court 2012, O. 15 r. 16
Pacific & Orient Insurance Co Bhd v. Mazlan Ahmad & Ors
(Wong Kian Kheong JC) [2016] 2 CLJ 444 [HC]

COMPANY LAW

Winding up - Filing of affidavit in reply - Whether filed within three days from date of service of affidavit in opposition - Application for extension of time - Whether time limit prescribed in r. 30(2) Companies (Winding-up) Rules 1972 mandatory in nature - Whether non-compliance caused substantial injustice - Whether court has discretion to cure non-compliance of r. 30(2) - Whether extension of time granted - Whether rr. 193 and 194 considered by trial court - Companies Act 1965, ss. 221(2) & 355(1)
Kilo Asset Sdn Bhd v. Hew Tai Hong
(Md Raus Sharif Pca, Abdull Hamid Embong, Hasan Lah, Apandi Ali, Zaharah Ibrahim FCJJ) [2016] 2 CLJ 365 [FC]

Winding-up - Insurance company - Service of notice under s. 218(a) of Companies Act 1965 against insurance company - Whether insurance company is an 'institution' - Whether s. 195 of Financial Services Act 2013 applicable - Whether Bank Negara Malaysia's written approval must be obtained before winding-up petition could be presented against an institution - Whether presentation of s. 218(a) notice constituted an offence - Financial Services Act 2013, ss. 10(4), 195(1) & 254(1)
Pacific & Orient Insurance Co Bhd v. Mazlan Ahmad & Ors
(Wong Kian Kheong JC) [2016] 2 CLJ 444 [HC]

CRIMINAL LAW

Dangerous Drugs 1952 - Section 39B(1)(a) - Trafficking in dangerous drugs - Defence - Drugs encapsulated and concealed in body - Defence of accused that he was told that capsules contained diamonds - Whether defence an afterthought - Whether accused had knowledge of what he was carrying
Ekwe Sampson Odii v. PP
(Aziah Ali, Ahmadi Asnawi, Zamani A Rahim JJCA) [2016] 2 CLJ 387 [CA]

EVIDENCE

Admissibility - Statements of opinion - Infringement of patent - Whether statements made by experts - Whether statements relevant and admissible - Failure to call material witness to prove prior art - Whether fatal to defendant's counterclaim - Evidence Act 1950, s. 114(g)
Yeohata Machineries Sdn Bhd & Anor v. Coil Master Sdn Bhd & Ors
(Balia Yusof Wahi, Abang Iskandar, Vernon Ong Lam Kiat JJCA) [2016] 2 CLJ 414 [CA]

Exhibits - Break in chain of evidence - Trafficking in dangerous drugs - Capsules containing drugs recovered from body of accused - Failure of prosecution to tender search list - Whether search list was corroborative in nature - Whether failure to produce fatal to prosecution case - Whether there was break in chain of evidence - Whether created doubt as to identity of exhibits
Ekwe Sampson Odii v. PP
(Aziah Ali, Ahmadi Asnawi, Zamani A Rahim JJCA) [2016] 2 CLJ 387 [CA]

Exhibits - Identity of exhibits - Capsules containing drugs recovered from body of accused - Whether drugs seized from accused and handed to chemist same with exhibits produced before court - Disparity in weight of drugs - Whether due to different weighing methods and weighing apparatus used by police and chemist - Whether exhibits properly handled - Whether there was break in chain of evidence - Whether created doubt as to identity of drugs exhibits
Ekwe Sampson Odii v. PP
(Aziah Ali, Ahmadi Asnawi, Zamani A Rahim JJCA) [2016] 2 CLJ 387 [CA]

INSURANCE

Motor insurance - Insurer's liability - Statutory liability - Notice under s. 96(2)(a) of Road Transport Act 1987 - Mistake as to particulars of registration number of vehicle - Whether detrimental to claimant - Whether mistake negated insurer's statutory liability
Pacific & Orient Insurance Co Bhd v. Mazlan Ahmad & Ors
(Wong Kian Kheong JC) [2016] 2 CLJ 444 [HC]

INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY

Patent - Infringement - Apparatus and process for manufacture of mosquito coils - Whether defendants acquired confidential information from plaintiffs - Whether defendants incorporated company to sell mosquito coil making machine based on information acquired - Whether breach of confidential information, breach of fiduciary duties, fraudulent misrepresentation and conspiracy to injure established - Whether there was infringement of patent - Whether patent was based on prior art - Whether trial judge erred in invalidating patent
Yeohata Machineries Sdn Bhd & Anor v. Coil Master Sdn Bhd & Ors
(Balia Yusof Wahi, Abang Iskandar, Vernon Ong Lam Kiat JJCA) [2016] 2 CLJ 414 [CA]

JURISDICTION

Courts - High Court - Whether one High Court has jurisdiction to set aside another High Court's perfected judgment - Whether only in rare and exceptional circumstances - Whether jurisdiction to set aside is statutory - Section 44 of Evidence Act 1950 - Whether particular mode of procedure prescribed - Whether final judgment could be set aside if proved to be null and void on ground of illegality or lack of jurisdiction
Pacific & Orient Insurance Co Bhd v. Mazlan Ahmad & Ors
(Wong Kian Kheong JC) [2016] 2 CLJ 444 [HC]

WORDS & PHRASES

'authorised person' - Financial Services Act 2013, s. 195(1)
Pacific & Orient Insurance Co Bhd v. Mazlan Ahmad & Ors
(Wong Kian Kheong JC) [2016] 2 CLJ 444 [HC]

'may not' - Arbitration Act 2005, s. 37(4) - Scope of - Whether directory or mandatory in nature
Kembang Serantau Sdn Bhd v. Jeks Engineering Sdn Bhd
(Mary Lim J) [2016] 2 CLJ 427 [HC]

'not entitled to any legal character, or to any right as to any property' - Specific Relief Act 1950, s. 41
Pacific & Orient Insurance Co Bhd v. Mazlan Ahmad & Ors
(Wong Kian Kheong JC) [2016] 2 CLJ 444 [HC]

'shall' - Companies (Winding-up) Rules 1972, r. 30(2) - Application for extension of time - Whether time limit prescribed in r. 30(2) mandatory in nature
Kilo Asset Sdn Bhd v. Hew Tai Hong
(Md Raus Sharif Pca, Abdull Hamid Embong, Hasan Lah, Apandi Ali, Zaharah Ibrahim FCJJ) [2016] 2 CLJ 365 [FC]

INDEKS PERKARA

KONTRAK

Perjanjian - Perjanjian kuari - Sama ada terdapat kemungkiran terma-terma - Tuntutan bagi kerja-kerja yang telah disiapkan - Sama ada dibuat dalam tempoh perjanjian sah - Sama ada tuntutan harus dibenarkan
Wak Kuari Sdn Bhd lwn. Harapan Ramai Sdn Bhd
(Teo Say Eng H) [2016] 2 CLJ 526 [HC]

PROSEDUR JENAYAH

Sabitan dan hukuman - Rayuan - Sama ada tertuduh diberi perbicaraan adil - Sama ada tertuduh diberi masa yang mencukupi untuk membuat pembelaan berkesan - Sama ada terdapat percanggahan material tentang warna bagasi oleh saksi pendakwaan dan borang bongkar - Sama ada sabitan dan hukuman selamat
Luke Nnaemeka Ugwu lwn. PP
(Aziah Ali, Mohd Zawawi Salleh, Abdul Rahman Sebli HHMR) [2016] 2 CLJ 400 [CA]

TORT

Ganti rugi - Ganti rugi am dan khas - Tuntutan balas - Sama ada tuntutan balas terhadap ganti rugi dan pampasan harus dibenarkan
Wak Kuari Sdn Bhd lwn. Harapan Ramai Sdn Bhd
(Teo Say Eng H) [2016] 2 CLJ 526 [HC]

Liabiliti - Kecuaian - Kerja-kerja kuari - Letupan batu di tempat kerja - Sama ada terdapat kegagalan menjalankan letupan terkawal dan selamat - Sama ada pembedil bertauliah hadir pada masa kerja letupan dilakukan - Ketidakpatuhan regulasi dan arahan-arahan - Sama ada terdapat kemungkiran klausa perjanjian - Sama ada plaintif bertanggungan
Wak Kuari Sdn Bhd lwn. Harapan Ramai Sdn Bhd
(Teo Say Eng H) [2016] 2 CLJ 526 [HC]

UNDANG-UNDANG JENAYAH

Akta Dadah Berbahaya 1952 - Seksyen 39B(1)(a) - Pengedaran dadah berbahaya - Methamphetamine seberat 725.4g dijumpai dalam bagasi tertuduh - Tertuduh disabitkan dan dijatuhkan hukuman mati - Rayuan - Sama ada tertuduh diberi perbicaraan adil - Sama ada tertuduh diberi masa yang mencukupi untuk membuat pembelaan berkesan - Sama ada terdapat percanggahan material tentang warna bagasi oleh saksi pendakwaan dan borang bongkar - Sama ada sabitan dan hukuman selamat
Luke Nnaemeka Ugwu lwn. PP
(Aziah Ali, Mohd Zawawi Salleh, Abdul Rahman Sebli HHMR) [2016] 2 CLJ 400 [CA]

UNDANG-UNDANG TANAH

Pindah milik - Pelaksanaan spesifik - Permohonan pelaksanaan spesifik perjanjian jual beli - Sama ada tanah dipindah milik kepada plaintif secara 'hibah' - Sama ada perjanjian jual beli muktamad - Sama ada penerimaan wang deposit yang dikembalikan menunjukkan plaintif tidak berminat meneruskan pembelian tanah - Sama ada permohonan spesifik boleh dibenarkan
Rodziah Abd Rahim lwn. Mohamed Zubir Hassan & Yang Lain
(Abu Bakar Katar PK) [2016] 2 CLJ 510 [HC]


ARTICLES

LNS Article(s)

  1. PII INSURANCE UPDATE SPECIALISATION - DO ONLY WHAT YOU DO WELL* [Read excerpt]
    by: GAVIN LEE** [2016] 1 LNS(A) xvi

  2. [2016] 1 LNS(A) xvi
    logo
    AUSTRALIA

    PII INSURANCE UPDATE
    SPECIALISATION - DO ONLY WHAT YOU DO WELL*

    by
    GAVIN LEE**

    The generalist is dead: Long live the specialist

    The world is becoming more complex and sophisticated, and consequently so are our laws. The regulation of human behaviour to promote fairness in our dealings with each other is obviously a desirable endeavour. However it follows that it is becoming increasingly unlikely that any one lawyer can be sufficiently knowledgeable and experienced in as many areas of law as might have been possible several decades ago.

    I respectfully suggest that the days of a practitioner dabbling in many areas of practice are long gone.

    Fortunately practitioners do not need to dabble in many areas. There are many practitioners operating profitable small practices in the ACT, and one thing they have in common is that they do not attempt to practise outside a couple of specific areas. They are experts in their selected areas of practice and charge for their expertise.

    I have received claims from a practitioner practising in several areas such as ACT and NSW conveyancing, sales and leasing of commercial properties, preparation of wills, probate, general litigation, and insolvency work. In two of these matters the practitioner failed to grapple with difficult issues which would have been challenging even for specialists.

    The first involved a dispute over the repudiation/termination and renewal/amalgamation of subleases over a commercial property.

    . . .

    * Published with kind permission of the Law Society of the Australian Capital Territory. See Ethos No. 237 September 2015.

    ** Manager, ACT Law Society Solicitors' Professional Indemnity Insurance Scheme.


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  3. FORUM COMPETITION IN CONVERSION CASES: A REVIEW OF PATHMANATHAN V. INDIRA GHANDI (COURT OF APPEAL DECISION) [Read excerpt]
    by: ARUN KASI* [2016] 1 LNS(A) xvii

  4. [2016] 1 LNS(A) xvii
    logo
    MALAYSIA

    FORUM COMPETITION IN CONVERSION CASES:
    A REVIEW OF PATHMANATHAN V. INDIRA GHANDI
    (COURT OF APPEAL DECISION)

    by
    ARUN KASI*

    1. Introduction

    The Court of Appeal penned down on 30 December 2015 its decision in the much publicised conversion case of Pathmanathan A/L Krishnan v. Indira Ghandi a/p Mutho, which was heard together with two other appeals before the same panel. The two other appeals were brought against Indira Ghandi a/p Mutho respectively by the Director of the Islamic Religious Affairs of Perak & Ors and by Ministry of Education Malaysia & Another.

    All the three appeals arose from the decision of Lee Swee Seng J made in the matter of one judicial review application made by Indira Ghandi against six respondents including Pathmanathan, the Director of the Islamic Religious Affairs of Perak and Ministry of Education.

    2. Background facts

    Indira Ghandi was married to Pathmanathan in 1993. The couple had three children. In March 2009, the husband converted to Islam. At this time, the children were respectively aged 12 years, 11 years and 11 months. Immediately after his conversion, he procured from the Islamic Religious Affairs of Perak certificates of conversion of the three children purportedly under the Administration of the Religion of Islam (Perak) Enactment 2004, which is a state legislation (“the Perak Enactment”).

    Indira Ghandi had no knowledge of the purported conversion of the children. At the material time, the two elder children were with Indira Ghandi and the youngest with Pathmanathan. It is apparent that, at the material time, the two elder children had no knowledge of their conversion, and the youngest aged 11 months only could not have had any knowledge of his conversion.

    . . .

    * Advocate & Solicitor, Malaya.


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LEGISLATION HIGHLIGHTS

Principal Acts

Number Title In force from Repealing
ACT 774 Allied Health Professions Act 2016 Not Yet In Force -
ACT 773 Finance Act 2015 The Income Tax Act 1967 [Act 53] see s 3; The Petroleum (Income Tax) Act 1967 [Act 543] see s 33; The Real Property Gains Tax Act 1976 [Act 169] see s 39; The Labuan Business Activity Tax Act 1990 [Act 445] see s 44; The Goods and Services Tax Act 2014 [Act 762] see s 47; The Promotion of Investments Act 1986 [Act 327] see s 57 -
ACT 772 Animal Welfare Act 2015 Not Yet In Force -
ACT 771 Malaysian Aviation Commission Act 2015 Not Yet In Force -
ACT 770 Special Measures Against Terrorism In Foreign Countries Act 2015 15 June 2015 [PU(B) 250/2015] -

Amending Acts

Number Title In force from Principal/Amending Act No
ACT A1504 Employees Provident Fund (Amendment) Act 2016 Not Yet In Force ACT 452
ACT A1503 Supply Act 2016 24 December 2015  
ACT A1502 Development Financial Institutions (Amendment) Act 2015 31 January 2016 [PU(B) 46/2016] ACT 618
ACT A1501 Electricity Supply (Amendment) Act 2015 1 January 2016 [PU(B) 501/2015] ACT 447
ACT A1500 Anti-Trafficking In Persons and Anti-Smuggling of Migrants (Amendment) Act 2015 18 November 2015 [PU(B) 460/2015] ACT 670

PU(A)

Number Title Date of Publication In force from Principal/ Amending Act No
PU(A) 40/2016 Income Tax (Exemption) Order 2016 17 February 2016 Year of assessment 2015 ACT 53
PU(A) 39/2016 Central Bank of Malaysia (Implementation of The United Nations Security Council Resolutions Relating To The Republic of Yemen) Regulations 2016 15 February 2016 16 February 2016 ACT 701
PU(A) 38/2016 Road Transport (Motor Vehicle Road Charge) Order 2016 10 February 2016 11 February 2016 ACT 333
PU(A) 37/2016 Road Transport (Prohibition of Use of Road) (Federal Roads) Order 2016 5 February 2016 6 February 2016 ACT 333
PU(A) 36/2016 Federal Roads (West Malaysia) (Amendment) Order 2016 5 February 2016 15 February 2016 PU(A) 401/1989

PU(B)

Number Title Date of Publication In force from Principal/ Amending Act No
PU(B) 78/2016 Notification of Values of Palm Kernel Under Section 12 23 February 2016 1 March 2016 to 31 March 2016 ACT 235
PU(B) 77/2016 Notice Regarding The Supplementary Electoral Roll For The Fourth Quarter of The Year 2015 That Has Been Certified 23 February 2016 23 February 2016 PU(A) 293/2002
PU(B) 76/2016 Exemption From Subsection 3(2) 23 February 2016 22 February 2016 to 18 March 2016 ACT 206
PU(B) 75/2016 Exemption From Paragraphs 5(1)(a), (b), (c), (d) and (e) 23 February 2016 22 February 2016 to 18 March 2016 ACT 206
PU(B) 74/2016 Revocation of Reservation of Land For Public Purpose For Lot 48665 Mukim Kuala Lumpur 22 February 2016 23 February 2016 ACT 56/1965

Legislation Alert

Updated

Act/Principal No. Title Amended by In force from Section amended
PU(A) 275/2012 Customs Duties Order 2012 PU(A) 19/2016 1 February 2016 First Schedule
PU(B) 15/2016 Notice of Completion of Revision and Inspection of Supplementary Electoral Rolls - Parliament PU(B) 65/2016 17 February 2016 Schedule
PU(A) 39/1991 Motor Vehicles (Prohibition of Certain Types of Glass) Rules 1991 PU(A) 34/2016 6 February 2016 Rules 2, 5, 9 and 10; Third and Fourth Schedule
PU(A) 18/1989 National Speed Limit Order 1989 PU(A) 31/2016 2 February 2016 to 16 February 2016 Subparagraph 2(1)
ACT 452 Employees Provident Fund Act 1991 PU(A) 21/2016 1 March 2016 to 31 December 2017 Third Schedule

 

Revoked

 

Act/Principal No. Title Revoked by In force from
PU(B) 165/2013 Polling Districts, Polling Centres and Polling Hours (Amendment) (No. 12) PU(B) 57/2016 17 February 2016 up to and including 1 March 2016
PU(B) 101/2012 Appointment and Revocation of Appointment of Director General of the Authority PU(B) 55/2016 19 September 2015
PU(B) 437/2014 Appointment and Revocation of Appointment of the Members of the Competition Commission PU(B) 47/2016 4 January 2016 to 3 January 2019
PU(B) 344/2011 Designation Under Paragraph 5(1)(b) PU(B) 33/2016 Specified in column (3) of the Schedule
PU(B) 527/2010 Designation Under Paragraph 5(1)(b) PU(B) 33/2016 Specified in column (3) of the Schedule