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CLJ Bulletin, Issue 2016, Vol 7
18 February 2016


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New This Week

1. Case(s) of the Week

  1. PP v. SHALIMA BI [2016] 2 CLJ 231

  2. PP lwn. TAY BOON KEAT [2015] 2 SMC 286

2. Latest Cases

  1. Legal Network Series

  2. CLJ 2016 Volume 2 (Part 2)

3. Articles

  1. LNS Article(s)

4. Legislation Highlights

  1. Principal Acts

  2. Amending Acts

  3. PU(A)

  4. PU(B)

  5. Legislation Alert


CASE(S) OF THE WEEK

PP v. SHALIMA BI [2016] 2 CLJ 231
COURT OF APPEAL, PUTRAJAYA
AZIAH ALI JCA, MOHD ZAWAWI SALLEH JCA, ABDUL RAHMAN SEBLI JCA
[CRIMINAL APPEAL NO: J-05-352-12-2014 (MMR)]
13 JANUARY 2016

CRIMINAL LAW: Murder - Defence - Insanity - Accused poured hot oil on deceased - Deceased died due to multi organ failure resulting from major burns - Plea of insanity - Borderline personality disorder - Whether legal or medical insanity - Whether defence probable - Whether accused had motive to commit act against deceased - Whether accused had proved defence of insanity during commission of act - Penal Code, ss. 84 & 302

CRIMINAL PROCEDURE: Appeal - Appeal against discharge and acquittal - Murder - Defence of insanity - Borderline personality disorder - Whether legal or medical insanity - Trial judge gave considerable weight to expert evidence in acquitting and discharging accused - Whether accused successfully proved legally insanity on balance of probabilities - Penal Code, ss. 84 & 302

EVIDENCE: Weight - Testimony of expert - Conflict between evidence of witness of fact and witness of opinion - Murder - Defence of insanity - Eyewitness testified that deceased was covered with oil and blood and accused had threatened to kill deceased's children - Expert witness testified that accused suffered from borderline personality disorder - Trial judge gave considerable weight to expert evidence in acquitting and discharging accused - Whether trial judge tested expert evidence against circumstantial evidence - Whether evidence of witness of fact must be given more weight


PP lwn. TAY BOON KEAT [2015] 2 SMC 286
MAHKAMAH SESYEN, JOHOR BAHRU
MOHAMAD HALDAR ABDUL AZIZ HS
[KES TANGKAP NO: 62ATP-7-05-2014]
25 MAC 2015

UNDANG-UNDANG JENAYAH: Akta Antipemerdagangan Orang dan Antipenyeludupan Migran 2007 - Seksyen 12 - Aktiviti pemerdagangan orang bagi maksud eksploitasi - Sama ada dibuktikan - Mangsa dibawa masuk ke Malaysia untuk bekerja sebagai pembantu rumah - Sama ada mangsa dipaksa untuk kerja dengan tertuduh - Sama ada kedatangan mangsa ke Malaysia adalah secara sukarela - Sama ada mangsa diculik atau diseludup dari Negara asalnya - Sama ada perjanjian sah dimasuki di antara tertuduh dan mangsa - Sama ada terdapat sekatan fizikal terhadap mangsa - Sama ada mangsa bebas untuk melarikan diri - Sama ada satu kes prima facie berjaya dibuktikan - Soo Ah Lai & Ors lwn. PP?<

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LATEST CASES

Legal Network Series

[2014] 1 LNS 1587

KOONG WHO TONG SDN BHD lwn. KETUA PENGARAH KASTAM

PENTAFSIRAN BERKANUN: Pentafsiran statut - Interpretasi secara ketat - Akta Cukai Perkhidmatan 1975 - Undang-undang percukaian - Orang yang kena membayar cukai - Sama ada terhad kepada orang yang mengendalikan restoran sahaja - Sama ada prinsip interpretasi yang ketat diperlukan dalam undang-undang percukaian

UNDANG-UNDANG PENTADBIRAN: Perjalanan kuasa-kuasa pentadbiran - Semakan kehakiman - Semakan kehakiman terhadap keputusan tribunal rayuan kastam - Penentuan perkhidmatan bercukai - Penjualan minuman dan makanan herbal di premis yang disewa di kompleks beli-belah - Sama ada keputusan pengarah kastam yang mengkategorikan perkhidmatan penyediaan makanan dan minuman herbal sebagai perkhidmatan yang kena membayar cukai adalah betul

UNDANG-UNDANG HASIL: Cukai perkhidmatan - Taksiran - Penjualan minuman dan makanan herbal di premis yang disewa di kompleks beli-belah - Sama ada perkhidmatan yang diberi boleh dikenakan cukai

[2015] 1 LNS 332

NCTECH INT BHD v. NCV TECHNOLOGIES SDN BHD

CIVIL PROCEDURE: Contempt of court - Rules governing application - Committal proceedings - Application for leave to commence committal proceeding - Non-compliance of court interim injunction orders - Breach of prohibition of usage of trademark - Whether plaintiff demonstrated a prima facie case of contempt - Whether there was breach of interim injunction order regarding prohibition in usage of trademark - Whether contemnor could be allowed to submit at leave stage

[2015] 1 LNS 334

EXPO ELECTRONICS SDN BHD v. DATO' SRI YAP SENG YEW & ORS

CONTRACT: Privity - Shares - Locus standi - Share sale agreement - Reliance on previous cheque issued in respect of sale of shares of other related company - Whether plaintiff was able to establish existence of privity in respect of sale of shares with an agreed price of sale - Whether plaintiff was able to establish payments were due and meant for plaintiff

CONTRACT: Shares, sale of - Contract - Recovery of balance purchase price of shares - Dispute as to actual price of total shares - Oral agreement - Whether there was disclosure by plaintiff for sale of shares at price alleged by plaintiff - Whether plaintiff able to produce credible witness to corroborate existence of oral agreement in relation to sale of shares at certain price

EVIDENCE: Witness - Credibility - Claim made by liquidator on behalf of wound up company - Personal knowledge - Whether liquidator's evidence based on what was informed by director of wound up company admissible - Whether liquidator could rely on statement of affairs filed by a director

EVIDENCE: Adverse inference - Failure to call material witness - Failure of liquidator to call director who had personal knowledge of affairs of company - Whether adverse inference under s. 114(g) Evidence Act 1950 applicable

[2015] 1 LNS 345

ANNIE YII YIK YIENG (F) v. AKADEMI MEMANDU ING SDN BHD & ORS

COMPANY LAW: Oppression - Oppression of minority - Relief - Oppressive conduct by majority shareholder causing irretrievable breakdown of trust - Application by minority shareholder for an order requiring majority shareholder to sell their shares to minority shareholder - Conduct of majority shareholder in total disregard of company's interest - Whether prerequisite under s. 181(1) of Companies Act 1965 had been satisfied - Whether court could order a majority shareholder to sell his share to minority shareholder

[2015] 1 LNS 347

YOGANANTHY AS THAMBAIYA v. IDRIS OSMAN

CIVIL PROCEDURE: Trial - Conduct of proceedings - Trial proceeded in absence of plaintiff - Application by plaintiff to invoke inherent jurisdiction of court to expunge records of court and proceedings of trial - Whether plaintiff had satisfied onus of establishing proceeding conducted in his absence was invalid and a nullity to enable him to expunge records and minutes of court proceedings

CIVIL PROCEDURE: Jurisdiction - Inherent jurisdiction - Invocation of inherent powers of court pursuant to O. 92 r. 4 of Rules of Court 2012 ('ROC') - Remedy for party who was absent during trial - Whether reliance on inherent jurisdiction under O. 92 r. 4 of ROC justified when there was a specific rule of court which effectively governed a situation


CLJ 2016 Volume 2 (Part 2)

COURT OF APPEAL

Arumugam v. PP
Abang Iskandar, Ahmadi Asnawi, Zamani A Rahim JJCA
(Criminal Law; Criminal Procedure; Evidence - Murder - Appeal to reduce original charge of murder to culpable homicide not amounting to murder) [2016] 2 CLJ 185 [CA]

Mohd Azmi Robert Abdullah v. PP
Balia Yusof Wahi, Abdul Aziz Abdul Rahim, Abang Iskandar JJCA
(Criminal Law - Murder - Appeal - Whether accused had mens rea to commit murder) [2016] 2 CLJ 198 [CA]

Munesuaran Ramasamy lwn. PP
Mohtarudin Baki, Tengku Maimun Tuan Mat, Zamani A Rahim HHMR
(Undang-undang Jenayah; Prosedur Jenayah - Kanun Keseksaan - Seksyen 302 - Rayuan terhadap sabitan dan hukuman - Keterangan ikut keadaan) [2016] 2 CLJ 210 [CA]

PP v. Leila Fatemi & Anor
Aziah Ali, Zakaria Sam, Ahmadi Asnawi JJCA
(Criminal Procedure - Offence of drug trafficking reduced to one of custody or control) [2016] 2 CLJ 224 [CA]

PP v. Shalima Bi
Aziah Ali, Mohd Zawawi Salleh, Abdul Rahman Sebli JJCA
(Criminal Law; Criminal Procedure; Evidence - Murder - Defence - Insanity - Appeal against discharge and acquittal) [2016] 2 CLJ 231 [CA]

Ugonna Philip Nwankwo v. PP
Mohtarudin Baki, Tengku Maimun Tuan Mat, Zakaria Sam JJCA
(Criminal Law; Criminal Procedure - Trafficking in dangerous drugs - Presumption of knowledge and trafficking - Whether rebutted) [2016] 2 CLJ 247 [CA]

Zaruna Yusoff lwn. PP
Mohtarudin Baki, Tengku Maimun Tuan Mat, Zakaria Sam HHMR
(Undang-undang Jenayah - Akta Dadah Berbahaya 1952 - Seksyen 39B(1)(a) - Anggapan pengedaran - Pengetahuan mengenai dadah - Pemilikan pasif) [2016] 2 CLJ 258 [CA]

HIGH COURT

Charles Koo Ho-Tung & Ors v. Koo Lin Shen & Ors
Wong Kian Kheong JC
(Civil Procedure - Affidavits - Cross-examination of deponents - Application for) [2016] 2 CLJ 267 [HC]

ISM Sdn Bhd v. Queensway Nominees (Tempatan) Sdn Bhd & Ors
Abu Bakar Jais JC
(Civil Procedure - Application to convert originating summons to writ action) [2016] 2 CLJ 294 [HC]

Malayan Banking Berhad v. Hong San Frozen Foods Sdn Bhd
Wong Teck Meng JC
(Land Law - Charge - Order for sale - Cause to contrary) [2016] 2 CLJ 306 [HC]

Mohd Sobri Che Hassan v. Pihak Berkuasa Tatatertib Majlis Perbandaran Seberang Perai & Anor
Collin Lawrence Sequerah JC
(Administrative Law; Contract - Judicial review - Dismissal - Claim for specific performance of contract of personal service) [2016] 2 CLJ 312 [HC]

Muhammad Azhar Mohamad Arsad & Anor v. Manzor Hussain Shah Wilayat Shah (Suing As Administrator Of The Estate Of Shah Farin Manzor Hussain Shah, Deceased)
Lim Chong Fong JC
(Tort - Damages - Quantum - Deceased passed away seven months after road accident) [2016] 2 CLJ 346 [HC]

PP lwn. Wong Chee Seong
Che Mohd Ruzima Ghazali PK
(Prosedur Jenayah; Keterangan; Undang-undang Jenayah - Pemalsuan dokumen - Pertuduhan bertindih - Kegagalan memanggil saksi material) [2016] 2 CLJ 351 [HC]

SUBJECT INDEX

ADMINISTRATIVE LAW

Judicial review - Municipal officer - Transfer to different department - Issue of transfer brought to attention of State Assemblyman - Whether amounted to breach of discipline - Whether dismissal appropriate - Whether in accordance with Public Officers Regulations (Conduct and Discipline) Rules 1995 - Whether applicant given reasonable opportunity to be heard - Whether respondents guilty of bias - Local Government Act 1976, s. 16(4) - Federal Constitution, art. 135(2)
Mohd Sobri Che Hassan v. Pihak Berkuasa Tatatertib Majlis Perbandaran Seberang Perai & Anor
(Collin Lawrence Sequerah JC) [2016] 2 CLJ 312 [HC]

CIVIL PROCEDURE

Affidavits - Cross-examination of deponents - Application for - Whether made in good faith - Whether applicants estopped from proceeding with application - Whether there was excessive delay in filing application - Mandatory duty to file interlocutory applications expeditiously during pre-trial case management - Whether breached - Whether court could exercise judicial discretion to grant application - Rules of Court 2012, O. 28 r. 4(2), O. 34 r. 9(1) & (2), O. 59 r. 7(1)
Charles Koo Ho-Tung & Ors v. Koo Lin Shen & Ors
(Wong Kian Kheong JC) [2016] 2 CLJ 267 [CA]

Mode of commencement - Originating summons - Application to convert originating summons to writ action - Nature of case involved conflicting and disputed facts - Whether insufficient to merely rely on affidavits - Allegations premised on oral evidence as opposed to documentary evidence - Whether appropriate for matter to be heard as writ action - Whether application for conversion premature - Whether conversion could be done and ordered by court at any stage of proceedings - Rules of Court 2012,
O. 28 r.8 (1)
ISM Sdn Bhd v. Queensway Nominees (Tempatan) Sdn Bhd & Ors
(Abu Bakar Jais JC) [2016] 2 CLJ 294 [HC]

CONTRACT

Specific performance - Contract of service - Dismissal - Reinstatement - Whether applicant could resort to provisions of Industrial Relations Act 1967 - Whether applicant could claim for reinstatement - Whether court could order specific performance of contract of personal service - Whether applicant could only claim for damages - Specific Relief Act 1950, s. 20(1)(b)
Mohd Sobri Che Hassan v. Pihak Berkuasa Tatatertib Majlis Perbandaran Seberang Perai & Anor
(Collin Lawrence Sequerah JC) [2016] 2 CLJ 312 [HC]

CRIMINAL LAW

Dangerous Drugs Act 1952 - Trafficking in dangerous drugs - Appeal against conviction and sentence - Presumption of knowledge and trafficking - Section 37(d) and 37(da) - Failure by trial judge to determine which presumption relied upon - Whether amounted to misdirection - Whether appellant rebutted presumption - Whether defence sufficiently considered - Whether conviction and sentence safe
Ugonna Philip Nwankwo v. PP
(Mohtarudin Baki, Tengku Maimun Tuan Mat, Zakaria Sam JJCA) [2016] 2 CLJ 247 [CA]

Murder - Appeal - Whether factum of shooting and that accused was shooter established - Whether deceased died from gunshot wound - Whether accused had mens rea to commit murder - Whether trial judge judicially considered evidence of burnt mark on palm of deceased - Whether indicated defence wound - Whether there was intention to cause such bodily injury as was likely to cause death - Whether falling under exceptions to murder - Whether guilty of culpable homicide not amounting to murder under s. 304(a) of Penal Code
Mohd Azmi Robert Abdullah v. PP
(Balia Yusof Wahi, Abdul Aziz Abdul Rahim, Abang Iskandar JJCA) [2016] 2 CLJ 198 [CA]

Murder - Defence - Insanity - Accused poured hot oil on deceased - Deceased died due to multi organ failure resulting from major burns - Plea of insanity - Borderline personality disorder - Whether legal or medical insanity - Whether defence probable - Whether accused had motive to commit act against deceased - Whether accused had proved defence of insanity during commission of act - Penal Code, ss. 84 & 302
PP v. Shalima Bi
(Aziah Ali, Mohd Zawawi Salleh, Abdul Rahman Sebli JJCA) [2016] 2 CLJ 231 [CA]

Murder - Motive - Appeal against conviction and sentence - Accused quarrelled with deceased and hit deceased with piece of wood - DNA profile of deceased detected on alleged murder weapon and jeans worn by accused - Whether there was sufficient evidence to link accused to murder weapon - Whether motive relevant - Whether accused had motive to kill deceased - Whether circumstantial evidence pointed to culpability of accused - Penal Code, s. 302
Arumugam v. PP
(Abang Iskandar, Ahmadi Asnawi, Zamani A Rahim JJCA) [2016] 2 CLJ 185 [CA]

CRIMINAL PROCEDURE

Appeal - Appeal against conviction and sentence - Dangerous drugs - Trafficking - Presumption of knowledge and trafficking - Sections 37(d) and 37 (da) DDA 1952 - Failure by trial judge to determine which presumption relied upon - Whether conviction and sentence safe
Ugonna Philip Nwankwo v. PP
(Mohtarudin Baki, Tengku Maimun Tuan Mat, Zakaria Sam JJCA) [2016] 2 CLJ 247 [CA]

Appeal - Appeal against discharge and acquittal - Murder - Defence of insanity - Borderline personality disorder - Whether legal or medical insanity - Trial judge gave considerable weight to expert evidence in acquitting and discharging accused - Whether accused successfully proved legally insanity on balance of probabilities - Penal Code, ss. 84 & 302
PP v. Shalima Bi
(Aziah Ali, Mohd Zawawi Salleh, Abdul Rahman Sebli JJCA) [2016] 2 CLJ 231 [CA]

Appeal - Sentence, against - Appeal by prosecution - Accused persons originally charged with offence of drug trafficking - Offence reduced to custody or control of drugs - Sentence of eight years imprisonment - Whether accused persons ought to be convicted on original charge and sentenced to death - Dangerous Drugs Act 1952, ss. 12(2), 37(da), 39B(1)
PP v. Leila Fatemi & Anor
(Aziah Ali, Zakaria Sam, Ahmadi Asnawi JJCA) [2016] 2 CLJ 224 [CA]

Charge - Reduction of - Accused charged for murder under s. 302 of Penal Code - Accused quarrelled with deceased and hit deceased with piece of wood - Defence of denial - Whether accused had motive to kill deceased - Appeal to reduce original charge of murder to culpable homicide not amounting to murder - Nature of injuries sustained by deceased - Whether showing intention to cause serious bodily injury to deceased - Whether death was probable result - Penal Code, ss. 302, 304(a)
Arumugam v. PP
(Abang Iskandar, Ahmadi Asnawi, Zamani A Rahim JJCA) [2016] 2 CLJ 185 [CA]

Charge - Reduction of - Accused persons originally charged with offence of drug trafficking - Offence reduced to custody or control of drugs - Whether justified - Whether supported by evidence - Dangerous Drugs Act 1952, ss. 12(2), 37(da), 39B(1)
PP v. Leila Fatemi & Anor
(Aziah Ali, Zakaria Sam, Ahmadi Asnawi JJCA) [2016] 2 CLJ 224 [CA]

EVIDENCE

Circumstantial evidence - Murder - Accused quarrelled with deceased and hit deceased with piece of wood - Incident witnessed by eyewitness - Forensic evidence that deceased was hit with blunt object - DNA profile of deceased detected on alleged murder weapon and jeans worn by accused - Whether there was sufficient evidence to link accused to murder weapon - Nature of injuries sustained by deceased - Whether showing intention to cause serious bodily injury to deceased - Whether circumstantial evidence pointed to culpability of accused
Arumugam v. PP
(Abang Iskandar, Ahmadi Asnawi, Zamani A Rahim JJCA) [2016] 2 CLJ 185 [CA]

Weight - Testimony of expert - Conflict between evidence of witness of fact and witness of opinion - Murder - Defence of insanity - Eyewitness testified that deceased was covered with oil and blood and accused had threatened to kill deceased's children - Expert witness testified that accused suffered from borderline personality disorder - Trial judge gave considerable weight to expert evidence in acquitting and discharging accused - Whether trial judge tested expert evidence against circumstantial evidence - Whether evidence of witness of fact must be given more weight
PP v. Shalima Bi
(Aziah Ali, Mohd Zawawi Salleh, Abdul Rahman Sebli JJCA) [2016] 2 CLJ 231 [CA]

Witness - Eyewitness - Credibility - Accused charged for offence of murder - Accused quarrelled with deceased and hit deceased with piece of wood - Eyewitness testified that deceased sustained injuries after falling down three times - Eyewitness changed testimony after refreshing memory - Whether eyewitness trustworthy and credible
Arumugam v. PP
(Abang Iskandar, Ahmadi Asnawi, Zamani A Rahim JJCA) [2016] 2 CLJ 185 [CA]

LAND LAW

Charge - Order for sale - Lands charged to bank as security for loan - Default in repayment of loan - Opposition to application for order for sale - Whether cause to contrary shown - National Land Code, s. 256
Malayan Banking Berhad v. Hong San Frozen Foods Sdn Bhd
(Wong Teck Meng JC) 306 [HC]

TORT

Damages - Quantum - Road accident - Liability apportioned at 90% against appellants - Respondent awarded general damages of RM20,000 and special damages of RM100 - Whether award of damages excessive - Whether there was failure to take into consideration deceased passed away seven months after accident - Whether quantum of award should be reduced
Muhammad Azhar Mohamad Arsad & Anor v. Manzor Hussain Shah Wilayat Shah (Suing As Administrator Of The Estate Of Shah Farin Manzor Hussain Shah, Deceased)
(Lim Chong Fong JC) [2016] 2 CLJ 346 [HC]

INDEKS PERKARA

KETERANGAN

Anggapan bertentangan - Kegagalan memanggil saksi material - Sama ada hak memanggil saksi terletak pada budi bicara pendakwaan - Sama ada kegagalan memanggil saksi material menjejaskan kes pendakwaan - Akta Keterangan 1950, s. 114(g)
PP lwn. Wong Chee Seong
(Che Mohd Ruzima Ghazali PK) [2016] 2 CLJ 351 [HC]

Keterangan dokumentar - Pemalsuan dokumen - Pemalsuan surat wasiat - Pindahan wang simpanan dan pindah milik tanah si mati kepada tertuduh - Kanun Keseksaan, s. 457 - Sama ada tandatangan dalam wasiat sama dengan spesimen tandatangan si mati - Sama ada keterangan saksi pakar tulisan tangan berjaya membuktikan tandatangan dalam surat wasiat dipalsukan
PP lwn. Wong Chee Seong
(Che Mohd Ruzima Ghazali PK) [2016] 2 CLJ 351 [HC]

PROSEDUR JENAYAH

Pertuduhan - Pertuduhan cacat - Tertuduh dipertuduh dengan dua pertuduhan memalsukan dokumen - Kanun Keseksaan, s. 457 - Pemalsuan surat wasiat - Pertuduhan bertindih - Pertuduhan pertama dan kedua merujuk satu dokumen sama - Sama ada pemalsuan boleh dilakukan dua kali terhadap satu dokumen sama - Sama ada pertuduhan kedua sah - Sama ada kecacatan pada pertuduhan berbentuk teknikal - Sama ada boleh dipulihkan sebagai ketidakaturan
PP lwn. Wong Chee Seong
(Che Mohd Ruzima Ghazali PK) [2016] 2 CLJ 351 [HC]

Saksi - Kebolehpercayaan - Kenyataan saksi kepada polis bercanggah dengan keterangan di mahkamah - Sama ada keterangan saksi boleh dicabar oleh pendakwaan - Sama ada keterangan saksi kekal sebagai keterangan pendakwaan - Sama ada keterangan memihak dan selari dengan pembelaan tertuduh
Munesuaran Ramasamy lwn. PP
(Mohtarudin Baki, Tengku Maimun Tuan Mat, Zamani A Rahim HHMR) [2016] 2 CLJ 210 [CA]

UNDANG-UNDANG JENAYAH

Akta Dadah Berbahaya 1952 - Seksyen 39B(1)(a) - Mengedar heroin - Tertuduh ditangkap ketika membawa beg berisi heroin seberat 54.72g - Tertuduh tidak melawan semasa ditangkap - Anggapan pengedaran - Sama ada diguna pakai dengan betul - Sama ada kes prima facie dibuktikan - Sama ada tertuduh mempunyai pengetahuan mengenai dadah di dalam beg - Sama ada tertuduh hanya mempunyai pemilikan pasif - Sama ada hakim bicara membuat penemuan milikan di akhir kes pendakwaan sebelum mengguna pakai anggapan pengedaran - Sama ada fakta kes menunjukkan kesalahan milikan dan bukan pengedaran - Sama ada sabitan dan hukuman selamat - Akta Dadah Berbahaya 1952, s. 12(2)
Zaruna Yusoff lwn. PP
(Mohtarudin Baki, Tengku Maimun Tuan Mat, Zakaria Sam HHMR) [2016] 2 CLJ 258 [CA]

Kanun Keseksaan - Seksyen 302 - Perayu dituduh membunuh anak-anaknya dengan melemaskan mereka - Rayuan terhadap sabitan dan hukuman - Keterangan ikut keadaan - Sama ada hakim bicara mempertimbangkan keterangan yang dikemukakan - Sama ada keterangan membawa kepada hanya satu kesimpulan iaitu kebersalahan perayu - Sama ada hakim bicara mempertimbangkan keterangan-keterangan lain yang memihak kepada perayu - Hubungan perayu dengan mangsa-mangsa - Sama ada dipertimbangkan - Sama ada keterangan saksi pendakwaan selari dengan kenyataan yang dirakam polis - Sama ada dua versi keterangan yang berlainan - Sama ada sabitan perayu selamat
Munesuaran Ramasamy lwn. PP
(Mohtarudin Baki, Tengku Maimun Tuan Mat, Zamani A Rahim HHMR) [2016] 2 CLJ 210 [CA]

Pemalsuan - Pemalsuan dokumen - Pemalsuan surat wasiat - Pindahan wang simpanan dan pindah milik tanah si mati kepada tertuduh - Kanun Keseksaan, s. 457 - Sama ada tandatangan dalam wasiat sama dengan spesimen tandatangan si mati - Sama ada pihak pendakwaan berjaya membuktikan intipati pertuduhan - Sama ada keterangan mencukupi - Sama ada kes prima facie berjaya dibuktikan
PP lwn. Wong Chee Seong
(Che Mohd Ruzima Ghazali PK) [2016] 2 CLJ 351 [HC]


ARTICLES

LNS Article(s)

  1. THE CONSTRUCTION INDUSTRY PAYMENT & ADJUDICATION ACT 2012: MODEL SECURITY OF PAYMENT LEGISLATION? [Read excerpt]
    by: NADESH GANABASKARAN* [2016] 1 LNS(A) xiii

  2. [2016] 1 LNS(A) xiii
    logo
    MALAYSIA

    THE CONSTRUCTION INDUSTRY PAYMENT & ADJUDICATION ACT 2012:
    MODEL SECURITY OF PAYMENT LEGISLATION?

    by
    NADESH GANABASKARAN*

    ABSTRACT

    This dissertation extensively reviews Malaysia's Construction Industry Payment and Adjudication Act 2012 ("CIPAA"), being the latest addition to the family of security of payment legislation. Comparisons are drawn between the UK aspect of the security of payment legislation incorporated within the CIPAA and the more sophisticated version of the newer legislation. The ultimate objective of this dissertation is to determine whether the CIPAA, which is a hybrid form of security of payment legislation, provides an effective mean of resolving cash flow problems within the construction industry. Based on the findings reported in this dissertation, suggestions are then made if the CIPAA should be the preferred choice of model legislation for countries intending to implement statutory adjudication.

    KEYWORDS

    Adjudication, Adjudicator, Alternative Dispute Resolution (ADR), CIPAA, Construction Contracts, Contractor, Courts, Dispute, Employer, HGCRA, KLCRA, Malaysia, Payment, Security of Payment, Sub-Contractor, Supplier, Temporary Finality, TCC.

    . . .

    * Dissertation submitted in part fulfilment of an MSc degree in Construction Law and Dispute Resolution, King’s College London


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  3. THE ?oMR FLUFFY? LEGACY SOME HARD REALITIES ON ASBESTOS AND THE LUNGS* [Read excerpt]
    by: DR PETER W TREMBATH MD FRACP** [2016] 1 LNS(A) xiv

  4. [2016] 1 LNS(A) xiv
    logo
    AUSTRALIA

    THE ?oMR FLUFFY? LEGACY
    SOME HARD REALITIES ON ASBESTOS AND THE LUNGS*

    by
    DR PETER W TREMBATH MD FRACP**

    From 1967 to 1978, a major domestic hazard occurred in Canberra and nearby residential areas with the uncontrolled use of free asbestos as a form of home insulation.

    During this period, asbestos was used by two companies and through do-it-yourself arrangements, such that over a thousand properties were contaminated with asbestos fibre in the ceiling spaces.

    Thousands of individuals may have been at risk from this exposure over the subsequent years.

    The problem became known as the Mr Fluffy home insulation scheme, and measures are now in place to either demolish affected properties or to institute precautions.

    With regard to the remaining dwellings, a number of measures have been established to protect occupants, attending tradespeople or visitors in order to reduce the risk of hazardous exposure.

    . . .

    * Published with kind permission of the Law Society of the Australian Capital Territory. See Ethos No. 237 September 2015.

    ** Consultant Respiratory Physician, Epworth Hospital, Richmond, Victoria.


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LEGISLATION HIGHLIGHTS

Principal Acts

Number Title In force from Repealing
ACT 773 Finance Act 2015 The Income Tax Act 1967 [Act 53] see s 3; The Petroleum (Income Tax) Act 1967 [Act 543] see s 33; The Real Property Gains Tax Act 1976 [Act 169] see s 39; The Labuan Business Activity Tax Act 1990 [Act 445] see s 44; The Goods and Services Tax Act 2014 [Act 762] see s 47; The Promotion of Investments Act 1986 [Act 327] see s 57 -
ACT 772 Animal Welfare Act 2015 Not Yet In Force -
ACT 771 Malaysian Aviation Commission Act 2015 Not Yet In Force -
ACT 770 Special Measures Against Terrorism In Foreign Countries Act 2015 15 June 2015 [PU(B) 250/2015] -
ACT 769 Prevention of Terrorism Act 2015 1 September 2015 [PU(B) 345/2015] -

Amending Acts

Number Title In force from Principal/Amending Act No
ACT A1504 Employees Provident Fund (Amendment) Act 2016 Not Yet In Force ACT 452
ACT A1503 Supply Act 2016 24 December 2015  
ACT A1502 Development Financial Institutions (Amendment) Act 2015 31 January 2016 [PU(B) 46/2016] ACT 618
ACT A1501 Electricity Supply (Amendment) Act 2015 1 January 2016 [PU(B) 501/2015] ACT 447
ACT A1500 Anti-Trafficking In Persons and Anti-Smuggling of Migrants (Amendment) Act 2015 18 November 2015 [PU(B) 460/2015] ACT 670

PU(A)

Number Title Date of Publication In force from Principal/ Amending Act No
PU(A) 40/2016 Income Tax (Exemption) Order 2016 17 February 2016 Year of assessment 2015 ACT 53
PU(A) 39/2016 Central Bank of Malaysia (Implementation of The United Nations Security Council Resolutions Relating To The Republic of Yemen) Regulations 2016 15 February 2016 16 February 2016 ACT 701
PU(A) 38/2016 Road Transport (Motor Vehicle Road Charge) Order 2016 10 February 2016 11 February 2016 ACT 333
PU(A) 37/2016 Road Transport (Prohibition of Use of Road) (Federal Roads) Order 2016 5 February 2016 6 February 2016 ACT 333
PU(A) 36/2016 Federal Roads (West Malaysia) (Amendment) Order 2016 5 February 2016 15 February 2016 PU(A) 401/1989

PU(B)

Number Title Date of Publication In force from Principal/ Amending Act No
PU(B) 65/2016 Notice of Completion of Revision and Inspection of Supplementary Electoral Rolls - Corrigendum 17 February 2016 17 February 2016 PU(B) 15/2016
PU(B) 64/2016 Appointment of Inquiry Officer Under Section 8 16 February 2016 16 February 2016 ACT 297
PU(B) 63/2016 Notice Regarding Polling Districts, Polling Centres and Principal Electoral Rolls For The Federal and State Constituencies of The State of Sabah - Corrigendum 16 February 2016 16 February 2016 PU(B) 57/2016
PU(B) 61/2016 Notification of Values of Crude Palm Oil Under Section 12 16 February 2016 1 March 2016 to 31 March 2016 ACT 235
PU(B) 60/2016 Notification of Values of Crude Petroleum Oil Under Section 12 16 February 2016 18 February 2016 to 2 March 2016 ACT 235

Legislation Alert

Updated

Act/Principal No. Title Amended by In force from Section amended
PU(A) 275/2012 Customs Duties Order 2012 PU(A) 19/2016 1 February 2016 First Schedule
PU(B) 15/2016 Notice of Completion of Revision and Inspection of Supplementary Electoral Rolls - Parliament PU(B) 65/2016 17 February 2016 Schedule
PU(A) 39/1991 Motor Vehicles (Prohibition of Certain Types of Glass) Rules 1991 PU(A) 34/2016 6 February 2016 Rules 2, 5, 9 and 10; Third and Fourth Schedule
PU(A) 18/1989 National Speed Limit Order 1989 PU(A) 31/2016 2 February 2016 to 16 February 2016 Subparagraph 2(1)
ACT 452 Employees Provident Fund Act 1991 PU(A) 21/2016 1 March 2016 to 31 December 2017 Third Schedule

 

Revoked

 

Act/Principal No. Title Revoked by In force from
PU(B) 165/2013 Polling Districts, Polling Centres and Polling Hours (Amendment) (No. 12) PU(B) 57/2016 17 February 2016 up to and including 1 March 2016
PU(B) 101/2012 Appointment and Revocation of Appointment of Director General of the Authority PU(B) 55/2016 19 September 2015
PU(B) 437/2014 Appointment and Revocation of Appointment of the Members of the Competition Commission PU(B) 47/2016 4 January 2016 to 3 January 2019
PU(B) 344/2011 Designation Under Paragraph 5(1)(b) PU(B) 33/2016 Specified in column (3) of the Schedule
PU(B) 527/2010 Designation Under Paragraph 5(1)(b) PU(B) 33/2016 Specified in column (3) of the Schedule