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CLJ Bulletin, Issue 2016, Vol 5
04 February 2016


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New This Week

1. Case(s) of the Week

  1. PATHMANATHAN KRISHNAN v. INDIRA GANDHI MUTHO & OTHER APPEALS [2016] 1 CLJ 911

  2. TENAGA NASIONAL BHD lwn. WEE KIM HOCK [2015] 2 SMC 311

2. Latest Cases

  1. Legal Network Series

  2. CLJ 2016 Volume 1 (Part 6)

3. Articles

  1. LNS Article(s)

4. Legislation Highlights

  1. Principal Acts

  2. Amending Acts

  3. PU(A)

  4. PU(B)

  5. Legislation Alert


CASE(S) OF THE WEEK

PATHMANATHAN KRISHNAN v. INDIRA GANDHI MUTHO & OTHER APPEALS [2016] 1 CLJ 911
COURT OF APPEAL, PUTRAJAYA
BALIA YUSOF WAHI JCA, HAMID SULTAN ABU BACKER JCA, BADARIAH SAHAMID JCA
[CIVIL APPEALS NO: A-02-1826-08-2013; A-01-304-08-2013 & A-01-316-09-2013]
30 DECEMBER 2015
[2016] CLJ JT(1)

ADMINISTRATIVE LAW: Judicial review - Jurisdiction - Conversion of non-Muslim children to religion of Islam - Whether within exclusive jurisdiction of Shariah Court - Certificates of Conversion - Certificates issued by Islamic religious authorities - Whether an administrative decision - Whether amenable to judicial review - Whether conversion lawful and constitutional - Federal Constitution, arts. 3, 5, 8, 11, 12 - Administration of the Religion of Islam (Perak) Enactment 2004, ss. 96, 101, 106

ADMINISTRATIVE LAW: Judicial review - Jurisdiction - Conversion of non-Muslim children to religion of Islam - Application for review of decisions of Islamic religious authorities - Principles - Issues before High Court - Whether only that of legality of conversion process - Whether High Court decided on legality of conversion instead - Whether a misdirection

CONSTITUTIONAL LAW: Fundamental liberties - Right to practice one's religion - Conversion of non-Muslim children to religion of Islam - Conversion at instance of a converting parent - Whether single parent could lawfully convert children to Islam - Whether requiring consent of both parents - Whether conversion contravened fundamental liberties provisions of Constitution - Whether conversion lawful and constitutional - Federal Constitution, arts. 3, 5, 8, 11, 12

ISLAMIC LAW: Convert - Conversion to Islam - Conversion of non-Muslim children to religion of Islam - Jurisdiction - Whether within exclusive jurisdiction of Shariah Court - Certificates of Conversion - Whether conclusive proof of facts stated therein - Judicial review - Whether matter could properly be heard by Civil High Court - Whether single parent could convert children to Islam - Whether conversion lawful and constitutional - Federal Constitution, arts. 3, 5, 8, 11, 12 - Administration of the Religion of Islam (Perak) Enactment 2004, ss. 96, 101, 106


TENAGA NASIONAL BHD lwn. WEE KIM HOCK [2015] 2 SMC 311
MAHKAMAH MAJISTRET, TAMPIN
MAHYUN YUSOF Mj
[SAMAN NO: A72NCVC-121-12-2013]
25 DISEMBER 2014

UTILITI-UTILITI: Elektrik - Bayaran elektrik - Usikan pada meter elektrik - Samada dibuktikan - Pertukaran kepada meter elektrik baru - Samada pertukaran meter punca berlakunya perubahan bacaan secara mendadak - Hasil ujian kejituan - Samada terdapat ralat pada bacaan meter - Kesan calar pada bahagian bawah permukaan ceper meter - Samada dikesan - Samada bacaan tepat direkodkan - Samada plaintif berhak menuntut jumlah terkurang bil daripada defendan - Akta Bekalan Elektrik 1990, ss. 37(3), 38(3), (4) & (5) ?<

To view a sample of the Sessions and Magistrates' Cases journal, click here. For product enquiries, contact priority@cljlaw.com.


LATEST CASES

Legal Network Series

[2014] 1 LNS 286

SHABUDIN SAAD lwn. PENTADBIR TANAH KOTA SETAR & SATU LAGI

PROSEDUR SIVIL: Tindakan - Pemulaan - Pertikaian terhadap keputusan badan awam - Sama ada prosedur yang sesuai untuk memulakan tindakan terhadap keputusan pentadbir tanah adalah dengan memfailkan rayuan di bawah s. 418 Kanun Tanah Negara

PROSEDUR SIVIL: Bantahan awal - Kaedah pemulaan - Bantahan berkenaan pencantuman dua permohonan dalam satu notis permohonan - Sama ada A. 32 k. 1 Kaedah-Kaedah Mahkamah Tinggi 1980 menghalang pencantuman dua permohonan dalam satu notis permohonan

PROSEDUR SIVIL: Pembatalan - Writ dan penyata tuntutan - Pertikaian berkenaan keputusan badan awam secara tindakan writ - Penyalahgunaan proses mahkamah - Sama ada pemfailan writ dan penyata tuntutan untuk mempertikaikan keputusan pentadbir tanah adalah salah aturan - Kaedah-Kaedah Mahkamah Tinggi 1980, A. 18 k. 19(1)(d)

[2014] 1 LNS 1469

LAI YOONG PING & SATU LAGI lwn. HOP CHOOI HUAT

LALULINTAS JALAN: Kecuaian - Kemalangan jalan raya - Perlanggaran antara motorsikal dan pejalan kaki - Kemalangan di bahu jalan - Samada terdapat kecuaian di pihak pejalan kaki apabila pejalan kaki masih berada di bahu jalan ketika kemalangan - Samada penunggang motorsikal harus bertanggungjawab sepenuhnya keatas kemalangan

PROSEDUR SIVIL: Rayuan - Kemalangan jalan raya - Rayuan terhadap kuantum - Kecederaan 'fracture of right tibia' dan 'fibula with disabilities' - Pemberian awad RM32,000 untuk kecederaan pada kaki - Samada ganti rugi yang telah diberi adalah tinggi - Samada ganti rugi yang telah diberi mengikut tren semasa

GANTI RUGI: Kecederaan diri - Kos perubatan - Kos perubatan masa depan - Kos pembedahan di hospital swasta - Samada terdapat justifikasi untuk mendapatkan rawatan di hospital swasta

[2015] 1 LNS 308

PP v. MOHD EZRI AZMAR PAVEL & ANOR

CRIMINAL LAW: Murder - Cause of death - Death in police custody - Pathologist confirmed cause of death due to lung infection caused by bacteria - Accused persons alleged to have kicked victim's back and face and used knee jab - Whether prima facie case made out - Whether injuries noted on victim's body was fatal in nature - Whether death of victim was directly related to accused persons' acts - Whether death caused by supervening event - Whether victim was already injured before arriving at police station for investigation purposes

[2015] 1 LNS 323

OON HOON WAH v. GLOBAL WASTE RECOVERY SDN BHD

COMPANY LAW: Winding up - Liquidators - Application to remove liquidator - Application filed by director and contributory - Forcible removal of a liquidator - Allegation of failure of liquidator to discharge statutory duties with reasonable skill and diligence and to act in best interest of creditors and contributors - Liquidator's failure to hold a meeting for creditors and contributories and appoint a committee of inspection - Whether constituted sufficient grounds to remove liquidator

[2015] 1 LNS 325

LIU PUI SIONG v. MOK WEI LIN (F)

FAMILY LAW: Children - Custody - Child of tender years - Girl below age of seven - Unavailability of father to look after children during interim custody - Children's wish was to be with mother - Whether custody of children should remain with mother

FAMILY LAW: Children - Maintenance - Assessment of maintenance - Consideration of court - Whether court ought to have regard to income of father and need to feed and clothe himself in granting maintenance to children

FAMILY LAW: Divorce - Division of matrimonial assets - Consideration on contribution - Assessment of non-financial contribution - Whether court ought to look into non-financial contribution - Whether duration of marriage is a material consideration in assessing non-financial contribution


CLJ 2016 Volume 1 (Part 6)

COURT OF APPEAL

Encony Development Sdn Bhd v. Robert Geoffrey Gooch & Anor
Lim Yee Lan, Varghese George, Nallini Pathmanathan JJCA
(Land Law - Housing developers - Sale and purchase agreement - Termination due to failure to make progressive payments - Whether amounted to fundamental breach of agreement) [2016] 1 CLJ 893 [CA]

Pathmanathan Krishnan v. Indira Gandhi Mutho & Other Appeals
Balia Yusof Wahi, Hamid Sultan Abu Backer, Badariah Sahamid JJCA
(Administrative Law; Constitutional Law; Islamic Law - Conversion of non-Muslim children to religion of Islam - Whether within exclusive jurisdiction of Syariah Court - Whether single parent could lawfully convert children to Islam) [2016] 1 CLJ 911 [CA]

United Trade Arena (M) Sdn Bhd & Ors v. Bank Pertanian Malaysia Bhd
Rohana Yusuf, Ahmadi Asnawi, Badariah Sahamid JJCA
(Banking; Civil Procedure - Islamic banking facility - Whether facility granted Syariah-compliant - Whether tainted with element of gharar - Principle of iqolah) [2016] 1 CLJ 979 [CA]

HIGH COURT

Affin Bank Bhd lwn. Blue Valley Plantation Bhd; Pylon Range Sdn Bhd (Pemohon); Sengodan Muthu & Yang Lain (Pencelah-pencelah)
Che Mohd Ruzima Ghazali PK
(Undang-Undang Syarikat - Penggulungan - Kegagalan pelikuidasi meneruskan jual beli tanah - Sama ada pelikuidasi perlu membayar balik deposit yang diterima) [2016] 1 CLJ 989 [HC]

BRG Brilliant Rubber Goods (M) Sdn Bhd v. Leong Choon Loy Trading As Hillway Trading; The Registrar Of Trade Marks, Malaysia (Interested Party)
Azizah Nawawi J
(Intellectual Property - Trade marks - Whether marks were visually, conceptually and phonetically different - Whether public would be deceived) [2016] 1 CLJ 1001 [HC]

Dalam Perkara Permohonan Ahmad Yahaya; Majlis Agama Islam Negeri Pulau Pinang (Pencelah)
Nordin Hassan PK
(Pewarisan; Undang-undang Tanah - Tanah wakaf - Sama ada tanah yang digunakan untuk tujuan keagamaan untuk tempoh yang lama boleh disifatkan sebagai wakaf - Sama ada tanah yang diwakafkan boleh dibatalkan oleh pihak ketiga) [2016] 1 CLJ 1018 [HC]

Mugilan Monyarasu lwn. Menteri Dalam Negeri, Malaysia & Yang Lain
Abu Bakar Katar PK
(Prosedur Jenayah; Perkataan & Istilah - Habeas corpus - Cabaran terhadap perintah tahanan - Sama ada perintah tahanan cacat) [2016] 1 CLJ 1026 [HC]

PP v. Mohd Nizam Abdul Kassim & Anor
Collin Lawrence Sequerah JC
(Criminal Law; Criminal Procedure - Dangerous Drugs Act 1952 - Section 39B(1)(a) - Contradictions in prosecution evidence - Whether mere proximity to drugs sufficient to fasten possession upon accused) [2016] 1 CLJ 1046 [HC]

Wang Xiao & Anor v. Kok Weng Tuck & Ors
Suraya Othman J
(Tort; Legal Profession - Professional negligence - Breach of duty - Purchase of property - Solicitor failed to take necessary steps to ensure property free from charge or encumbrances - Whether solicitor acted with reasonable care, skill and diligence in performance of duty) [2016] 1 CLJ 1065 [HC]

SUBJECT INDEX

ADMINISTRATIVE LAW

Judicial review - Jurisdiction - Conversion of non-Muslim children to religion of Islam - Whether within exclusive jurisdiction of Shariah Court - Certificates of Conversion - Certificates issued by Islamic religious authorities - Whether an administrative decision - Whether amenable to judicial review - Whether conversion lawful and constitutional - Federal Constitution, arts. 3, 5, 8, 11, 12 - Administration of the Religion of Islam (Perak) Enactment 2004, ss. 96, 101, 106
Pathmanathan Krishnan v. Indira Gandhi Mutho & Other Appeals
(Balia Yusof Wahi, Hamid Sultan Abu Backer, Badariah Sahamid JJCA) [2016] 1 CLJ 911 [CA]

Judicial review - Jurisdiction - Conversion of non-Muslim children to religion of Islam - Application for review of decisions of Islamic religious authorities - Principles - Issues before High Court - Whether only that of legality of conversion process - Whether High Court decided on legality of conversion instead - Whether a misdirection
Pathmanathan Krishnan v. Indira Gandhi Mutho & Other Appeals
(Balia Yusof Wahi, Hamid Sultan Abu Backer, Badariah Sahamid JJCA) [2016] 1 CLJ 911 [CA]

BANKING

Banks and banking business - Islamic banking facility - Financing - Al-bai bithamin ajil financing facility - Customer failed and neglected to pay instalments of sale price - Whether progressive disbursement of funds by bank complied with terms of utilisation notice in asset sale and asset purchase agreements - Whether facility granted Syariah-compliant - Whether tainted with element of gharar - Principle of iqolah
United Trade Arena (M) Sdn Bhd & Ors v. Bank Pertanian Malaysia Bhd
(Rohana Yusuf, Ahmadi Asnawi, Badariah Sahamid JJCA) [2016] 1 CLJ 979 [CA]

CIVIL PROCEDURE

Summary judgment - Appeal - Appeal against judgment in favour of bank - Bank granted al-bai bithamin ajil financing facility to customer - Customer failed and neglected to pay instalments of sale price - Whether there were triable issues - Whether summary judgment ought to be given to bank despite filing of counterclaim and set-off by customer
United Trade Arena (M) Sdn Bhd & Ors v. Bank Pertanian Malaysia Bhd
(Rohana Yusuf, Ahmadi Asnawi, Badariah Sahamid JJCA) [2016] 1 CLJ 979 [CA]

CONSTITUTIONAL LAW

Fundamental liberties - Right to practice one's religion - Conversion of non-Muslim children to religion of Islam - Conversion at instance of a converting parent - Whether single parent could lawfully convert children to Islam - Whether requiring consent of both parents - Whether conversion contravened fundamental liberties provisions of Constitution - Whether conversion lawful and constitutional - Federal Constitution, arts. 3, 5, 8, 11, 12
Pathmanathan Krishnan v. Indira Gandhi Mutho & Other Appeals
(Balia Yusof Wahi, Hamid Sultan Abu Backer, Badariah Sahamid JJCA) [2016] 1 CLJ 911 [CA]

CRIMINAL LAW

Dangerous Drugs Act 1952 - Section 39B(1)(a) - Trafficking 266.5g cannabis - Prima facie case - Whether established - Whether second accused had requisite knowledge of drugs found in car - Contradictions in prosecution evidence - Whether benefit of doubt given to second accused - Whether mere proximity to drugs sufficient to fasten possession upon second accused - Whether 'shocked and anxious' reaction displayed by second accused sufficient to infer knowledge - Whether there was prior meeting of minds between first and second accused - Whether there was common intention - Whether prosecution failed to invoke presumption of trafficking under s. 37(da) of Dangerous Drugs Act 1952 - Evidence Act 1950, s. 8 - Penal Code, s. 34
PP v. Mohd Nizam Abdul Kassim & Anor
(Collin Lawrence Sequerah JC) [2016] 1 CLJ 1046 [HC]

Dangerous Drugs Act 1952 - Section 39B(1)(a) - Trafficking 266.5g of cannabis - Common intention - Whether established - Mere presence of accused at scene where drugs were found - Whether sufficient to raise common intention - Whether there was prior meeting of minds between first and second accused - Penal Code, s. 34
PP v. Mohd Nizam Abdul Kassim & Anor
(Collin Lawrence Sequerah JC) [2016] 1 CLJ 1046 [HC]

CRIMINAL PROCEDURE

Appeal - Appeal against acquittal and discharge - Trafficking in dangerous drugs - Whether second accused had requisite knowledge of drugs found in car - Contradictions in prosecution's case - Whether benefit of doubt given to second accused - Whether mere proximity to drugs sufficient to fasten possession upon second accused - Whether there was prior meeting of minds between first and second accused - Whether there was common intention - Whether prosecution failed to invoke presumption of trafficking under s. 37(da) of Dangerous Drugs Act 1952
PP v. Mohd Nizam Abdul Kassim & Anor
(Collin Lawrence Sequerah JC) [2016] 1 CLJ 1046 [HC]

INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY

Trade marks - Registration of trade mark - Plaintiff opposed Registrar's decision in allowing registration of defendant's ROYAL POLO mark - Whether marks confusingly and deceptively similar to plaintiff's POLO trade mark - Whether marks were visually, conceptually and phonetically different - Whether word 'Royal' made defendant's mark different from plaintiff's registered mark - Whether plaintiff could seek to claim monopoly over generic and non-distinctive word 'Polo' - Whether defendant's filing of trade mark bona fide - Whether defendant's mark distinguishable from plaintiff's - Whether public would be deceived that goods bearing defendant's Royal Polo mark could be associated with plaintiff's Polo marks - Trade Marks Act 1976, ss. 14(1), 19(1), 82(2)
BRG Brilliant Rubber Goods (M) Sdn Bhd v. Leong Choon Loy Trading As Hillway Trading; The Registrar Of Trade Marks, Malaysia (Interested Party)
(Azizah Nawawi J) [2016] 1 CLJ 1001 [HC]

ISLAMIC LAW

Convert - Conversion to Islam - Conversion of non-Muslim children to religion of Islam - Jurisdiction - Whether within exclusive jurisdiction of Shariah Court - Certificates of Conversion - Whether conclusive proof of facts stated therein - Judicial review - Whether matter could properly be heard by Civil High Court - Whether single parent could convert children to Islam - Whether conversion lawful and constitutional - Federal Constitution, arts. 3, 5, 8, 11, 12 - Administration of the Religion of Islam (Perak) Enactment 2004, ss. 96, 101, 106
Pathmanathan Krishnan v. Indira Gandhi Mutho & Other Appeals
(Balia Yusof Wahi, Hamid Sultan Abu Backer, Badariah Sahamid JJCA) [2016] 1 CLJ 911 [CA]

LAND LAW

Housing developers - Sale and purchase agreement ('SPA') - Condominium unit - Termination due to plaintiffs' failure to make progressive payments - Whether progress payments only payable when defendant made good its representations of date of completion of project - Whether there was a collateral contract subsisting - Whether collateral contract could subsist alongside statutory form of contract as prescribed under reg. 11 of the Housing Development (Control and Licensing) Regulations 1989 in Schedule H - Whether collateral contract in direct conflict with express terms of SPA - Whether statutory form SPA executed subsequent to oral representations - Whether defendant agreed to defer progress billing until representations of collateral contract fulfilled - Whether failure to make progress payments amounted to fundamental breach of agreement - Whether defendant entitled to terminate SPA - Evidence Act 1950, s. 91
Encony Development Sdn Bhd v. Robert Geoffrey Gooch & Anor
(Lim Yee Lan, Varghese George, Nallini Pathmanathan JJCA) [2016] 1 CLJ 911 893 [CA]

Housing developers - Sale and purchase agreement ('SPA') - Terms thereof - Whether statutory in nature - Whether collateral contract could subsist alongside statutory form of contract as prescribed under reg. 11 of the Housing Development (Control and Licensing) Regulations 1989 in Schedule H - Whether collateral contract in direct conflict with express terms of SPA - Whether statutory form SPA executed subsequent to oral representations - Whether defendant agreed to defer progress billing until representations of collateral contract fulfilled - Whether failure to make progress payments amounted to fundamental breach of agreement - Whether defendant entitled to terminate SPA - Evidence Act 1950, s. 91
Encony Development Sdn Bhd v. Robert Geoffrey Gooch & Anor
(Lim Yee Lan, Varghese George, Nallini Pathmanathan JJCA) [2016] 1 CLJ 893 [CA]

LEGAL PROFESSION

Duty to client - Breach of contractual duty towards client - Duty of care - Solicitor appointed by client to prepare sale and purchase agreement for purchase of property - Property auctioned off due to solicitor's failure to take necessary steps to ensure property free from charge or encumbrances - Solicitor-client relationship - Whether solicitor owed client contractual duty - Standard to be exercised by solicitor - Whether solicitor acted with reasonable care, skill and diligence in performance of duty - Whether solicitor breached duty of care - Whether solicitor liable in tort
Wang Xiao & Anor v. Kok Weng Tuck & Ors
(Suraya Othman J) [2016] 1 CLJ 1065 [HC]

TORT

Negligence - Professional negligence - Solicitor and client - Breach of duty - Purchase of property - Solicitor appointed by client to prepare sale and purchase agreement - Solicitor failed to take necessary steps to ensure property free from charge or encumbrances - Property auctioned off by bank - Solicitor did not notify bank of client's intention to buy property - Whether solicitor acted with reasonable care, skill and diligence in performance of duty - Whether solicitor breached duty of care
Wang Xiao & Anor v. Kok Weng Tuck & Ors
(Suraya Othman J) [2016] 1 CLJ 1065 [HC]

INDEKS PERKARA

PERKATAAN & ISTILAH

Akta Pencegahan Jenayah 1959 - Seksyen 19A(4) - 'as soon as may be' - Takrifan - Sama ada bergantung pada fakta kes - Sama ada perintah tahanan diserahkan 'as soon as may be' - Sama ada menjejaskan perintah tahanan
Mugilan Monyarasu lwn. Menteri Dalam Negeri, Malaysia & Yang Lain
(Abu Bakar Katar PK) [2016] 1 CLJ 1026 [HC]

PEWARISAN

Pentadbiran pusaka - Tanah - Tanah wakaf - Permohonan membatalkan nama Majlis Agama Islam Negeri Pulau Pinang ('MUIPP') pada geran tanah - Sama ada tanah yang digunakan untuk tujuan keagamaan untuk tempoh yang lama boleh disifatkan sebagai wakaf - Sama ada tanah yang diwakafkan boleh dibatalkan oleh pihak ketiga
Dalam Perkara Permohonan Ahmad Yahaya; Majlis Agama Islam Negeri Pulau Pinang (Pencelah)
(Nordin Hassan PK) [2016] 1 CLJ 1018 [HC]

PROSEDUR JENAYAH

Habeas corpus - Permohonan - Perintah tahanan - Akta Pencegahan Jenayah 1959, s. 19A(1) - Cabaran terhadap perintah tahanan - Sama ada perintah tahanan mematuhi peruntukan s. 19A - Kegagalan mematuhi pra-syarat dalam pengeluaran perintah tahanan - Sama ada membentuk ketidakpatuhan s. 19A(1) - Sama ada perintah tahanan cacat
Mugilan Monyarasu lwn. Menteri Dalam Negeri, Malaysia & Yang Lain
(Abu Bakar Katar PK) [2016] 1 CLJ 1026 [HC]

UNDANG-UNDANG TANAH

Wakaf - Tanah wakaf - Permohonan membatalkan nama MUIPP pada geran tanah - Sama ada MUIPP pemegang amanah tanah wakaf - Sama ada pendaftaran nama MUIPP pada geran tanah teratur - Sama ada penyerahan hak milik benefisial tanah kepada pemohon boleh dipertikaikan - Kanun Tanah Negara, ss. 340, 415(1)(a)
Dalam Perkara Permohonan Ahmad Yahaya; Majlis Agama Islam Negeri Pulau Pinang (Pencelah)
(Nordin Hassan PK) [2016] 1 CLJ 1018 [HC]

UNDANG-UNDANG SYARIKAT

Penggulungan - Pelikuidasi - Perintah jualan tanah - Triti persendirian - Penerimaan tawaran oleh pelikuidasi untuk jualan tanah melalui triti persendirian - Kegagalan pelikuidasi meneruskan jual beli tanah - Sama ada pelaksanaan tawaran jualan tanah selaras dengan peruntukan Kanun Tanah Negara - Sama ada penerimaan tawaran sah dan boleh dilaksanakan - Sama ada pelikuidasi perlu membayar balik deposit
Affin Bank Bhd lwn. Blue Valley Plantation Bhd; Pylon Range Sdn Bhd (Pemohon); Sengodan Muthu & Yang Lain (Pencelah-pencelah)
(Che Mohd Ruzima Ghazali PK) [2016] 1 CLJ 989 [HC]


ARTICLES

LNS Article(s)

  1. HONOUR KILLING: WHETHER ISLAMIC LAW ALLOWS THIS TYPE OF CRIME? [Read excerpt]
    by: SARA AFIQAH ZULKIPLI & JASRI JAMAL* [2016] 1 LNS(A) ix

  2. [2016] 1 LNS(A) ix
    logo
    MALAYSIA

    HONOUR KILLING: WHETHER ISLAMIC LAW ALLOWS THIS TYPE OF CRIME?
    by
    SARA AFIQAH ZULKIPLI & JASRI JAMAL*

    ABSTRACT

    Planned murders or premeditated killings of family members, primarily young female relatives, are committed in order to restore the honour of ones family. This is due to the fact that the murder victim is alleged to have brought 'shame' or 'dishonour' to her family by her conduct such as having a relationship with boys that is not approved by her family, having a pre-marital sexual relationship, or even claiming divorce from an abusive husband. This is often reported in the mass media as a crime known as honour killing. This crime may be rare to some parts of the world but in the other, it is a widely spread practice especially in Muslim-based societies. It must be borne in mind that honour killing is unlike the normal crime of murder that we often read about in the newspaper. Honour killing is a distinctive crime of murder based on three reasons; ie, this crime involves planning as its first step - honour killings are planned in advance, often at a family conference or discussion. The perpetrator's family may repeatedly threaten the victim with death if she dishonours her family. Secondly, it revolves around family complicity - honour killings can involve multiple family members in the killing, such as parents, brothers and cousins. Lastly, perpetrators of honour killings often do not have to face negative stigma in their families or communities. Thus, honour killing is a serious crime committed under the name of honour and it is often linked with Islam and Islamic law. It is absurd that this crime is committed by the victim's own family members usually her father or brother. Why does this happen? Does Islam preach that one is allowed to kill their family member to save their honour? Does Islam condone honour killing? Thus, this paper will take a look at the definition of honour killing, the reason behind its occurrence and whether it is a conflict with Islamic law. In the course of scrutinizing the issue, this paper will also discuss on the law in some countries that provide light punishments under the name of honour killing, the law enforced to curb honour killing as well as the ideal punishment for this type of crime under Islamic law.

    Key words: Honour killing, Young female children, Human Rights, Islamic Law, Person's Rights to Live, Rights of Parent

    . . .

    *Faculty Of Law Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia.


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  3. SPOTLIGHTING THE TOPICAL LAWS GOVERNING THE FOREIGN DIRECT INVESTMENT REGIME OF MYANMAR* [Read excerpt]
    by: SHWE ZIN KO** [2016] 1 LNS(A) x

  4. [2016] 1 LNS(A) x
    logo
    SINGAPORE

    SPOTLIGHTING THE TOPICAL LAWS
    GOVERNING THE FOREIGN DIRECT INVESTMENT REGIME OF MYANMAR*

    by
    SHWE ZIN KO**

    Introduction

    The Republic of the Union of Myanmar occupies an area of 676,577 sq km and has a total population of 60 million. Myanmar is situated between the two giants of emerging economies with huge market potential. As a country strategically located and rich in natural resources, Myanmar holds immense potential for direct investment from abroad. A foreign investor who is seeking an opportunity to start an investment in Myanmar may observe the legal framework and administrative practices governing foreign direct investment ("FDI"). Since April 2011, the new government has been reforming and liberalising many areas, ensuring a favourable business environment for potential investors, especially in the fields of production, trading of goods and services, and finance. These reform measures are still undergoing and this article will spotlight the current topical laws on the FDI regime of Myanmar.

    . . .

    * This article was originally published in the (October/2012) issue of the Singapore Law Gazette (www.lawgazette.com.sg), the official publication of the Law Society of Singapore, published by LexisNexis. Reproduced with permission.

    ** M.Sc (Business Administration), Dip in Regional Trade Policy (WTO), Diploma in Advanced Trade Policy (WTO). E-mail: shiroiyurn@gmail. com.


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LEGISLATION HIGHLIGHTS

Principal Acts

Number Title In force from Repealing
ACT 773 Finance Act 2015 The Income Tax Act 1967 [Act 53] see s 3; The Petroleum (Income Tax) Act 1967 [Act 543] see s 33; The Real Property Gains Tax Act 1976 [Act 169] see s 39; The Labuan Business Activity Tax Act 1990 [Act 445] see s 44; The Goods and Services Tax Act 2014 [Act 762] see s 47; The Promotion of Investments Act 1986 [Act 327] see s 57 -
ACT 772 Animal Welfare Act 2015 Not Yet In Force -
ACT 771 Malaysian Aviation Commission Act 2015 Not Yet In Force -
ACT 770 Special Measures Against Terrorism In Foreign Countries Act 2015 15 June 2015 [PU(B) 250/2015] -
ACT 769 Prevention of Terrorism Act 2015 1 September 2015 [PU(B) 345/2015] -

Amending Acts

Number Title In force from Principal/Amending Act No
ACT A1503 Supply Act 2016 24 December 2015  
ACT A1502 Development Financial Institutions (Amendment) Act 2015 31 January 2016 [PU(B) 46/2016] ACT 618
ACT A1501 Electricity Supply (Amendment) Act 2015 1 January 2016 [PU(B) 501/2015] ACT 447
ACT A1500 Anti-Trafficking In Persons and Anti-Smuggling of Migrants (Amendment) Act 2015 18 November 2015 [PU(B) 460/2015] ACT 670
ACT A1499 Capital Markets and Services (Amendment) Act 2015 15 September 2015 [PU(B) 369/2015] ACT 671

PU(A)

Number Title Date of Publication In force from Principal/ Amending Act No
PU(A) 21/2016 Employees Provident Fund (Amendment of Third Schedule) Order 2016 2 February 2016 1 March 2016 to 31 December 2017 ACT 452
PU(A) 20/2016 Customs Duties (Goods of Asean Countries Origin) (Asean Harmonised Tariff Nomenclature and Asean Trade In Goods Agreement) (Amendment) Order 2016 29 January 2016 1 February 2016 PU(A) 277/2012
PU(A) 19/2016 Customs Duties (Amendment) Order 2016 29 January 2016 1 February 2016 PU(A) 275/2012
PU(A) 18/2016 Quantity Surveyors (Amendment) Rules 2016 29 January 2016 30 January 2016 PU(A) 366/1973
PU(A) 17/2016 Farmers' Organization (Amendment) Regulations 2016 28 January 2016 29 January 2016 PU(A) 303/1983

PU(B)

Number Title Date of Publication In force from Principal/ Amending Act No
PU(B) 50/2016 Appointment of Date of Coming Into Operation 29 January 2016 30 January 2016 ACT A1481
PU(B) 49/2016 Notification of Values of Palm Kernel Under Section 12 29 January 2016 1 February 2016 to 29 February 2016 ACT 235
PU(B) 48/2016 Notification of Values of Crude Petroleum Oil Under Section 12 29 January 2016 4 February 2016 to 17 February 2016 ACT 235
PU(B) 47/2016 Appointment and Revocation of Appointment of The Members of The Competition Commission 28 January 2016 4 January 2016 to 3 January 2019 ACT 713
PU(B) 46/2016 Appointment of Date of Coming Into Operation 28 January 2016 31 January 2016 ACT A1502

Legislation Alert

Updated

Act/Principal No. Title Amended by In force from Section amended
ACT 618 Development Financial Institutions Act 2002 PU(A) 15/2016 31 January 2016 Section 6 and 28
ACT 618 Development Financial Institutions Act 2002 PU(A) 14/2016 31 January 2016 First Schedule
ACT 618 Development Financial Institutions Act 2002 ACT A1502 31 January 2016 [PU(B) 46/2016] Sections 3, 4, 5, 5A, 6, 6A, 7, 8, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 18, 19, 21, 22, 24, 25, 26, 27, 28, 29, 31, 32, 33, Part IIIA, 34, 35, 36, 37, 38, 39, 40, 41, 42, Part IVA, 44, 46, 47, 48, 49, 50, 52, 53, 54, 56, 58, 59, 62, 63, 64, 65, 69, 70, 71, 72, 72A, 73, 74, 75, 76, 77, 78, 80, 82, 83, 84, 85, 86, 86A, 87, 88, 88A, 89, 90, 91, 92, 93, 94, 95, 96, 97, 98, 99A, 99B, 99C, 100, 101, 102, Part VIIIA, Part VIIIB, 107, 107A, 108, 108A, 113, 114A, 114B, 114C, 114D, 116, 119, 120, 123, 123A, 123B, 124, 126, 127, 129, 130, Schedule, Second Schedule, Third Schedule and Fourth Schedule
ACT 487 Quantity Surveyors Act 1967 (Revised 1992) ACT A1481 30 January 2016 [PU(B) 50/2016] Sections 2, 3, 4, Part III, 5, 6, 7, 7A, 7B, 8, 9, 10, 10A, 14, Part IIIA, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 22, 24, 24A, 24B, 24C, 24D, 25A, 25B, 26A, 26B, 29 and Schedule
PU(A) 303/1983 Farmers' Organization Regulations 1983 PU(A) 17/2016 29 January 2016 Regulations 32, 35, 36 and 44

 

Revoked

 

Act/Principal No. Title Revoked by In force from
PU(B) 437/2014 Appointment and Revocation of Appointment of the Members of the Competition Commission PU(B) 47/2016 4 January 2016 to 3 January 2019
PU(B) 344/2011 Designation Under Paragraph
5(1)(b)
PU(B) 33/2016 Specified in column (3) of the Schedule
PU(B) 527/2010 Designation Under Paragraph
5(1)(b)
PU(B) 33/2016 Specified in column (3) of the Schedule
PU(B) 568/2009 Designation Under Paragraph
5(1)(b)
PU(B) 33/2016 Specified in column (3) of the Schedule
PU(B) 399/2012 Designation Under Paragraph
5(1)(b)
PU(B) 33/2016 Specified in column (3) of the Schedule