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CLJ Bulletin, Issue 2016, Vol 50
15 December 2016


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New This Week

1. Case(s) of the Week

  1. PP lwn. SINAR BAKERY & BISCUIT SUPPLY SDN BHD [2016] 2 SMC 101

2. Latest Cases

  1. Legal Network Series

3. Articles

  1. LNS Article(s)

4. Legislation Highlights

  1. Principal Acts

  2. Amending Acts

  3. PU(A)

  4. PU(B)

  5. Legislation Alert


CASE(S) OF THE WEEK

PP lwn. SINAR BAKERY & BISCUIT SUPPLY SDN BHD [2016] 2 SMC 101
MAHKAMAH MAJISTRET, SUNGAI SIPUT
NORHABSARINA AYOB Mj
[KES NO: 87-45-12-2014]
21 MAC 2016

MAKANAN DAN DADAH: Penjualan - Makanan - Biskut kacang - Kandungan aflatoksin pada kadar 759.1µg/kg - Sama ada makanan mengandungi bahan yang tidak dibenarkan - Sama ada terdapat transaksi jual beli makanan oleh ejen atau pekhidmat - Sama ada sampel makanan yang diambil mematuhi peruntukan Peraturan 4 Peraturan-Peraturan Makanan 1985 - Sama ada pihak pembelaan berjaya mencabar ujian analisa yang dikemukakan - Sama ada isu kelayakan juruanalisis dipersoalkan - Sama ada kesalahan menyediakan atau menjual makanan yang diadukkan dengan bahan yang tidak dibenarkan atau melebihi daripada kadar yang dibenarkan merupakan kesalahan yang serius - Akta Makanan 1983, ss. 3(1), 13B(1), 13B(2)(f), 22 & 24

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LATEST CASES

Legal Network Series

[2015] 1 LNS 914

AMANAH RAYA BERHAD lwn. FATIMAH MOHAMED ALI

PERWARISAN: Pentadbiran - Penjualan tanah - Permohonan dibawah s. 60(2) Akta Probet dan Pentadbiran 1959 untuk kebenaran Mahkamah bagi menjual hartanah simati - Bantahan oleh salah seorang benefisiari - Prosedur dan prinsip - Kepentingan benefisiari-benefisiari - Kebanyakan benefisiari telah lanjut usia - Sama ada persetujuan benefisiari-benefisiari merupakan pra-syarat dalam penjualan hartanah oleh pentadbir - Sama ada kepentingan semua benefisiari adalah faktor utama yang diberi penekanan - Sama ada hartanah wajar dijual demi kepentingan benefisiari

[2015] 1 LNS 981

ZAINURRA GHAZALI lwn. PP

PROSEDUR JENAYAH: Rayuan - Rayuan terhadap sabitan dan hukuman - Pertuduhan dibawah s. 41(1) Akta Pengangkutan Jalan 1987 ('APJ') - Salah arah hakim bicara - Hakim bicara hanya membandingkan pembelaan tertuduh dengan sebahagian keterangan saksi pendakwaan sahaja - Hakim bicara memutuskan pembelaan tertuduh merupakan penafian kosong walaupun pembelaan disokong oleh keterangan saksi yang merupakan penumpang di dalam kenderaan tertuduh - Kegagalan hakim bicara mengambil kira fakta bahawa kenderaan si mati dipandu dengan laju - Sama ada salah arah hakim bicara telah memprejudiskan tertuduh - Sama ada sabitan dan hukuman dibawah s. 41(1) APJ wajar dikekalkan

LALULINTAS JALAN: Pemanduan secara cuai - Kemalangan maut - Kemalangan berlaku ketika kenderaan tertuduh membelok ke kanan untuk ke simpang - Kenderaan tertuduh membelok ke kanan tanpa memberhentikan kenderaan terlebih dahulu - Sama ada perlanggaran tidak akan berlaku jika tertuduh memberhentikan kenderaan sebelum membelok ke kanan - Sama ada tertuduh telah cuai ketika memandu - Akta Pengangkutan Jalan 1987, s. 43

[2016] 1 LNS 200

CRYOGENIC TANK SERVICES (M) SDN BHD v. PENGARAH JABATAN KERJA RAYA DAERAH GOMBAK & ORS

CIVIL PROCEDURE: Parties - Proper parties to be sued - Action taken against Director of Public Works Department and Public Works Department for failing to keep proper records of land - Action taken following encroachment to land - Plaintiff seeking an order for creation of right of way - Whether plaintiff had cause of action against defendants - Whether defendants were given powers on administration of land and responsibility to keep records of land - Whether plaintiff's complaint should have been taken up with land administrator

[2016] 1 LNS 206

SYARIKAT HEAP LEE CHOON CHAN SDN BHD & ANOR v. PP

CRIMINAL PROCEDURE: Appeal - Plea of guilt - Miscarriage of justice - Allegation that sessions judge failed to advise on availability of plea bargaining procedures - Allegation that nature and consequences of pleading guilty not explained - Accused represented by counsel - Whether plea bargaining procedure under s. 172C could be invoked - Whether sessions judge had properly conducted proceedings in accordance with s. 173(b) of Criminal Procedure Code

LEGAL PROFESSION: Duty to client - Criminal case - Allegation of wrong advise by counsel on consequence of pleading guilty - Whether a counsel could guarantee client the exact sentence that would be imposed by court - Whether nature of alleged mal-advise or non-advise amounted to flagrant incompetency of counsel - Whether there was deprivation of fair trial that occasioned a miscarriage of justice - Whether sentence after guilty plea would have been same if appellants were instead convicted after trial

[2016] 1 LNS 208

SEKARAN MUNIANDY & ANOR v. RAMAN VARATHAN

DAMAGES: Appeal - Appeal against award made - Appellate intervention - Good gracious test - Whether appellant had satisfied good gracious test to warrant appellate intervention

DAMAGES: Quantum - Humerus - Damages for right shoulder dislocation and fracture of humerus - Fracture was not detected or overlooked initially but it became clear from later medical report and x-rays - No record of previous accidents - Permanent joint stiffness - Difficulties to bring right hand to position of function - Disability had impaired occupation as tanker lorry driver - Whether there was evidence of fracture to justify award of damages - Whether fracture of right humerus was sustained from same accident - Whether award of RM33,000 was fair and reasonable

DAMAGES: Quantum - Tibia and fibula - Damages for fracture distal 1/3 right tibia fibula and 3rd proximal fibula - Existence of muscle wasting comparative to left leg - Inability to squat and difficulties in performing strenuous activities - Inability to drive a tanker lorry due to leg disability - Whether award of RM38,000 was fair and reasonable

DAMAGES: Quantum - Scars - Multiple scars - Damages for multiple scars - Whether award of RM4,000 was fair and reasonable

DAMAGES: Quantum - Lacerations - Damages for laceration and bone expense - Whether award of RM4,000 was fair and reasonable

DAMAGES: Quantum - Abrasions - Damages for abrasions - Whether award of RM3,000 was fair and reasonable


ARTICLES

LNS Article(s)

  1. DEVELOPING COMMERCIAL LAW THROUGH THE COURTS: REBALANCING THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN THE COURTS AND ARBITRATION* [Read excerpt]
    by: THE RIGHT HON. THE LORD THOMAS OF CWMGIEDD** [2016] 1 LNS(A) cvi

  2. [2016] 1 LNS(A) cvi
    logo
    UNITED KINGDOM

    DEVELOPING COMMERCIAL LAW THROUGH THE COURTS:
    REBALANCING THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN THE COURTS AND ARBITRATION*

    by
    THE RIGHT HON. THE LORD THOMAS OF CWMGIEDD**

    Introduction[1]

    1. It is for me a great pleasure and privilege to deliver this the 4th BAILII lecture for a number of reasons. I will mention only two. First some 12 or so years ago, I worked very closely with Sir Henry Brooke, then a Lord Justice and chairman of the Trustees of BAILII, to ensure we had in place proper arrangements to provide judgments to BAILII. Second, I am delighted to see how successful that endeavour has been and how much is now available worldwide and for free. The benefit to the legal profession, to the UK and to the rule of law worldwide is immense.

    The role of the courts in the development of the law underpinning commerce, finance and industry

    2. It is to the rule of law in the context of the international financial markets and to international trade and commerce[2] that I wish to turn immediately. As is self-evident in this context, the function of the law is to provide the framework within which all societies operate all economic activities from financial markets to manufacturing.

    . . .

    * The Right Hon. The Lord Thomas Of Cwmgiedd, The Bailii Lecture 2016 (England, 9 March 2016). Published with kind permission of the Judicial Communications Office, Judiciary of England and Wales (https://aberdeenunilaw. files.wordpress.com/2016/05/lcj-speech-bailli-lecture-201603091.pdf).

    **Lord Chief Justice of England And Wales.


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  3. THE DEATH PENALTY AND THE DESIRABILITY OF JUDICIAL DISCRETION* [Read excerpt]
    by: DR S. CHANDRA MOHAN**
    PRISCILLA CHIA WEN QI***
    [2016] 1 LNS(A) cvii

  4. [2016] 1 LNS(A) cvii
    logo
    SINGAPORE

    THE DEATH PENALTY AND THE DESIRABILITY OF JUDICIAL DISCRETION*
    by
    DR S. CHANDRA MOHAN**
    PRISCILLA CHIA WEN QI***

    "There is no way to really do it right. The final decision has always come down to the members of our (Supreme Court) as to whether someone should live or someone should die ... I am not smart enough to make that decision on any fair and consistent basis given the tremendous range of facts and circumstances that affect every victim and every defendant and every set of facts that make up a case."

    Arizona Supreme Court Judge Stanley Feldman (July 15, 2002)

    Introduction

    The changes to the death penalty for murder were finally announced in Parliament late last year.[1] As promised earlier by the Law Minister, this followed consultations with law officers, legal practitioners and academics. The new murder provisions[2] contain no surprises as the mandatory death penalty is to be retained, as previously announced, only for intentional killing under s. 300(a) of the Penal Code. For the three remaining forms of murder under s. 300(b) to s. 300(d) of the Code, namely, intentionally causing a bodily injury the offender knows is likely to cause death, intentionally causing a bodily injury sufficient in the ordinary course of nature to cause death and committing an act the offender knows is so imminently dangerous that it must in all probability cause death, the death penalty is to be imposed at the sole discretion of the trial Judge. He may opt instead to impose life imprisonment with caning.

    . . .

    * This article was originally published in the (March/2013) issue of the Singapore Law Gazette (www.lawgazette.com.sg), the official publication of the Law Society of Singapore, published by LexisNexis. Reproduced with permission.

    ** Associate Professor (Practice) Singapore Management University (E-mail: chandramohan@smu.edu.sg)

    *** LL B Undergraduate (Year 2), Singapore Management University (E-mail:wqchia.2011@law.smu.edu.sg)


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LEGISLATION HIGHLIGHTS

Principal Acts

Number Title In force from Repealing
ACT 784 Scouts Association of Malaysia (Incorporation) Act 1968 (Revised 2016) 17 November 2016 pursuant to paragraph 6(1)(xxiii) of the Revision of Laws Act 1968 [Act 1]; Revised up to 1 November 2016; First enacted in 1968 as Act of Parliament No 38 of 1968; First Revision - 1989 (Act 409 wef 14 December 1989) -
ACT 783 Statutory Declarations Act 1960 (Revised 1960) 17 November 2016 pursuant to paragraph 6(1)(xxiii) of the Revision of Laws Act 1968 [Act 1]; Revised up to 1 November 2016; First enacted in 1960 as Act No 20 of 1960; First Revision - 1969 (Act No 13 wef 14 April 1970) -
ACT 782 Forest Research Institute Malaysia Act 2016 1 October 2016 -
ACT 781 Redemptorist Fathers (Incorporation) Act 1962 (Revised 2016) 15 September 2016 pursuant to paragraph 6(1)(xxiii) of the Revision of Laws Act 1968 [Act 1]; Revised up to 1 September 2016; First enacted in 1962 as Act of Parliament No 16 of 1962 -
ACT 780 Bernama Act 1967 (Revised 2016) 15 September 2016 pursuant to paragraph 6(1)(xxiii) of the Revision of Laws Act 1968 [Act 1]; Revised up to 1 September 2016; First enacted in 1967 as Act of Parliament No 19 of 1967; First Revision - 1990 (Act 449 wef 26 October 1990) -

Amending Acts

Number Title In force from Principal/Amending Act No
ACT A1518 Strata Titles (Amendment) Act 2016 Not Yet In Force ACT 318
ACT A1517 Land Acquisition (Amendment) Act 2016 Not Yet In Force ACT 486
ACT A1516 National Land Code (Amendment) Act 2016 Not Yet In Force ACT 56/1965
ACT A1515 Gas Supply (Amendment) Act 2016 Not Yet In Force ACT 501
ACT A1514 National Anti-Drugs Agency (Amendment) Act 2016 18 August 2016 ACT 638

PU(A)

Number Title Date of Publication In force from Principal/ Amending Act No
PU(A) 310/2016 Federal Roads (Private Management) (Collection of Tolls) (Federal Highway Route 2) (Amendment) (No. 2) Order 2016 13 December 2016 1 January 2017 PU(A) 372/1993
PU(A) 309/2016 Federal Roads (Private Management) (Collection of Tolls) (Bukit Kayu Hitam-Jitra Highway) (Amendment) (No. 2) Order 2016 13 December 2016 1 January 2017 PU(A) 16/1989
PU(A) 308/2016 Federal Roads (Private Management) (Collection of Tolls) (Malaysia-Singapore Second Crossing Bridge and Expressway and Perling Expressway) (Amendment) (No. 2) Order 2016 13 December 2016 1 January 2017 PU(A) 97/1998
PU(A) 307/2016 Federal Roads (West Malaysia) (Amendment) (No. 5) Order 2016 8 December 2016 13 December 2016 PU(A) 401/1989
PU(A) 306/2016 Income Tax (Deduction For Investment In A Bionexus Status Company) Rules 2016 7 December 2016 Year of assessment 2016 ACT 53

PU(B)

Number Title Date of Publication In force from Principal/ Amending Act No
PU(B) 499/2016 Notification of Alteration of The Boundary of Village of Salak Selatan 6 December 2016 7 December 2016 ACT 56/1965
PU(B) 498/2016 Notification of Alteration of The Boundary of Town of Kuala Lumpur 6 December 2016 7 December 2016 ACT 56/1965
PU(B) 497/2016 Notice Under Section 70 5 December 2016 6 December 2016 ACT 333
PU(B) 496/2016 Notification of Values of Crude Petroleum Oil Under Section 12 5 December 2016 8 December 2016 to 21 December 2016 ACT 235
PU(B) 495/2016 Notification of Registration of New Plant Variety and Grant of Breeder's Right 2 December 2016 3 December 2016 ACT 634

Legislation Alert

Updated

Act/Principal No. Title Amended by In force from Section amended
ACT 520 Lembaga Pembangunan Industri Pembinaan Malaysia Act 1994 PU(A) 302/2016 1 December 2016 Fourth Schedule
ACT 342 Prevention and Control of Infectious Diseases Act 1988 PU(A) 298/2016 1 December 2016 First Schedule
PU(A) 412/1993 Malaysia-Thailand Joint Authority (Terms and Conditions of Appointment of Co-Chairman and Other Members of the Authority) Regulations 1993 PU(A) 268/2016 1 July 2016 Schedule
ACT 62 Audit Act 1957 (Revised 1972) PU(A) 291/2016 1 July 2016 First Schedule
PU(A) 371/2013 Customs Duties (Exemption) Order 2013 PU(A) 292/2016 10 November 2016 Schedule

 

Revoked

 

Act/Principal No. Title Revoked by In force from
PU(B) 27/2015 Appointment and Revocation of Appointment of Registrar of Credit Reporting Agencies PU(B) 463/2016 16 March 2016
PU(A) 61/2010 Federal Roads (Private Management) (Collection of Tolls) (Kajang-Seremban Highway) Order 2010 PU(A) 264/2016 19 October 2016
PU(A) 79/2002 Communications and Multimedia (Rates) Rules 2002 PU(A) 185/2016 1 July 2016
PU(A) 196/2003 Market (Federal Territory of Putrajaya) By-Laws 2003 PU(A) 254/2016 11 October 2016
PU(B) 99/2014 Notice of Affirmative Final Determination of An Anti-Dumping Duty Investigation With Respect to Imports of Cellulose Fibre Reinforced Cement Flat and Pattern Sheets Originating Or Exported From the Kingdom of Thailand PU(B) 401/2016 8 September 2016