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CLJ Bulletin, Issue 2016, Vol 3
22 January 2016


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New This Week

1. Case(s) of the Week

  1. AISYAH MOHD ROSE & ANOR v. PP [2016] 1 CLJ 529

  2. PERCY WONG KIET v. PP [2016] 1 CLJ 169

2. Latest Cases

  1. Legal Network Series

  2. CLJ 2016 Volume 1 (Part 4)

3. Articles

  1. LNS Article(s)

4. Legislation Highlights

  1. Principal Acts

  2. Amending Acts

  3. PU(A)

  4. PU(B)

  5. Legislation Alert


CASE(S) OF THE WEEK

AISYAH MOHD ROSE & ANOR v. PP [2016] 1 CLJ 529
COURT OF APPEAL, PUTRAJAYA
MOHTARUDIN BAKI JCA, TENGKU MAIMUN TUAN MAT JCA, ZAKARIA SAM JCA
[CRIMINAL APPEAL NO: P-09-172-06-2014]
13 NOVEMBER 2015

CRIMINAL PROCEDURE: Charge - Framing or particulars of - Criminal breach of trust - Charge in respect of 27 transactions made at different times involving different amount within period of one year - Whether sufficient to specify gross sum and dates between which offence alleged to have been committed without specifying particular items or exact dates - Whether specific provision of s. 153(2) prevails over general provision of s. 164 of Criminal Procedure Code - Whether charge valid

CRIMINAL PROCEDURE: Charge - Framing or particulars of - Criminal breach of trust - Whether there were distinct offences warranting separate charges - Whether error in charge - Whether accused persons misled by error in particulars of charge - Whether failure to state manner of abetment rendered charge defective - Criminal Procedure Code, ss. 156 & 163

CRIMINAL PROCEDURE: Appeal - Appeal against conviction and sentence - Charges under s. 409 of Penal Code and s. 4(1) of Anti-Money Laundering and Anti-Terrorism Financing Act 2001 - Whether offences proven - Whether convictions safe - Whether sentences appropriate

CRIMINAL PROCEDURE: Sentence - Appeal - Maximum sentence - Whether should be reserved and only warranted in 'worst case imaginable' scenario - Whether trial judge considered mitigation and given justification for imposition of maximum sentence - Whether appellate interference warranted

CRIMINAL LAW: Penal Code - Section 409 - Criminal breach of trust - Ingredients of offence - Whether actual wrongful loss or gain an ingredient to be proved - Whether clear case of dishonest misappropriation and conversion of cheques - Penal Code, s. 24

CRIMINAL LAW: Anti-Money Laundering and Anti-Terrorism Financing Act 2001 - Section 4(1) - Definition of money laundering - Whether includes acts of engaging directly or indirectly, in a transaction that involves proceeds of an unlawful activity - Whether unlawful activity related to any serious offence or any foreign serious offence - Whether offence under s. 409 of Penal Code listed as serious offence - Whether predicate offence of criminal breach of trust under s. 409 proven - Whether convictions safe


JUDICIAL QUOTES

PERCY WONG KIET v. PP [2016] 1 CLJ 169

[1] Issue: In a proceeding under s. 177A of the Criminal Procedure Code (transmission of cases to High Court for trial), whether the presiding Magistrate could justifiably adjourn a case for further mention on the ground that consent of the Public Prosecutor had not been obtained notwithstanding that the proceeding before the court was conducted by a Deputy Public Prosecutor; and additionally, whether, upon the case being brought forth before the court, the learned Magistrate was bound to transmit the case with immediacy.

"The learned Magistrate has fallen into error when he made that decision although he is absolutely right that consent is a must before the transmission of the case is to be ordered. The mistake here is because the prosecution was already conducted by a Deputy Public Prosecutor who, according to s. 377(3) of the Criminal Procedure Code, exercises all or any of the rights and powers vested in or exercisable by the Public Prosecutor by or under the said Code or any other written law except of course those expressly stated by the law to be exercisable personally by the Public Prosecutor. Thus, when the prosecution is conducted by a Deputy Public Prosecutor, the consent of the Public Prosecutor is to be inferred or implied …".

"The crucial issue now is whether the transmission must be immediate or forthwith after the charge is tendered before the Magistrate. It is a canon of statutory interpretation that the court must not read words into a statute unless clear reason for it is to be found in the statute itself.  Thus, although the Magistrate may have no choice but to order the transmission of the case to the High Court, when he must do it is not immediately upon the charge being tendered because no such word or words to that effect is used in s. 177A … Further, considering that the legislative purpose of enacting s. 177A is to replace that of a preliminary inquiry ie, a proceeding to ensure sufficient evidence before the case is tried by the High Court, the prosecution must be given some leeway on time to ensure that it is so under the present s. 177A." - Per Rhodzariah Bujang J in Percy Wong Kiet v. PP [2016] 1 CLJ 169

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LATEST CASES

Legal Network Series

[2015] 1 LNS 212

IMMI LIM v. MIMI LIM & ANOR

CIVIL PROCEDURE: Parties - Locus standi - Representative action - Action to challenge transfer of deceased property which took place prior to death of deceased - Action taken by a stranger - Whether plaintiff had to be a representative of estate of deceased to challenge transfer of property - Whether plaintiff had locus standi to pursue claim against defendant without obtaining grant of letters of administration or probate

CIVIL PROCEDURE: Limitation of action - Action for recovery of land - Application filed at expiration of 12 years - Allegation of fraud - Postponement of limitation period - Whether plaintiff's claim to challenge validity of transfer of property and recovery of property was time barred - Whether reasonable diligence had been used to discover fraud - Limitation Act 1953, s. 9(1) & 29

LAND LAW: Transfer - Validity of - Challenge on transfer of property - Challenge to mental and physical capacity of executor at time of execution of transfer Form 14A - Transfer of property from mother to daughter - Whether executor was physically and mentally normal at time of execution of Form 14A to effect transfer - Whether executor was able to sign transfer form on her own without assistance of others

SUCCESSION: Will - Validity - Dispute as to testamentary capacity of testator - Undue influence - Allegation of suspicious circumstances - Whether suspicious circumstances must relate to circumstances surrounding making of will or testamentary capacity of testator - Whether will was tainted by undue influence - Whether a will can be invalidated in absence of any evidence to challenge testamentary capacity of testator

TRUSTS: Land - Creation of trust - Intention to create trust - Whether usage of word 'trust' per se in absence of other factors sufficient to create trust

[2015] 1 LNS 271

LOW YONG THUAN v. LOW MEY YOON & ORS & ANOTHER APPEAL

CIVIL PROCEDURE: Limitation of action - Action based on fraud - Allegation of fraud and illegal transfer of trust property - Inordinate delay - Action taken after 36 years - All material witnesses passed away - Whether plaintiff's claim ought to be refused on ground of acquiescence - Limitation Act 1953, s. 29 & 32

EVIDENCE: Burden of proof - Standard of proof - Trust property - Whether standard required to prove a trust property is beyond reasonable doubt - Whether possibility of land being held under trust was sufficient to prove existence of trust

LAND LAW: Ownership - Dispute - Contesting rights over ownership of land - Plaintiff alleged registration of title was obtained by fraud in respect of lands supposedly held under trust - Defendant alleged land was a gift and transfer of land on basis of love and affection - Reliance on hearsay evidence - Whether plaintiff proved existence of creation of trust beyond reasonable doubt - Whether plaintiff was able to challenge validity of transfer of land

[2015] 1 LNS 272

CHOO CHUN HONG v. PP

CRIMINAL PROCEDURE: Appeal - Appeal against conviction and sentence - Offence of illegal possession of drugs - Request for re-examination of evidence of prosecution witness to ascertain reaction of accused - Interference with prosecution's discretion in calling of witness - Whether facts narrated by defence cast doubt on prosecution's case and evidence of witness - Whether court should interfere with prosecution's discretion in calling witnesses - Whether trial judge failed to consider defence's story

CRIMINAL PROCEDURE: Prosecution - Calling of witness - Discretion of prosecution - Whether calling of witness in prosecution's case is an exercise of discretion of the prosecution

EVIDENCE: Burden of proof - Prosecution's burden - Whether prosecution has burden to rebut each and every issue of fact raised by defence in prosecution case - Whether prosecution only has duty to rebut specific questions of fact

[2015] 1 LNS 295

KHUSAINI MIDIN lwn. BANK SIMPANAN NASIONAL

UNDANG-UNDANG BURUH: Pekerjaan - Penamatan perkhidmatan - Kesahihan penamatan perkhidmatan - Perlanggaran kewajipan fidusiari - Perlakuan pegawai bank yang membuat tindakan lanjutan selain daripada prosedur yang telah ditetapkan dalam meluluskan pinjaman - Sama ada proses yang diikuti oleh pegawai bank telah merugikan pihak bank - Sama ada penamatan perkhidmatan pegawai bank adalah berdasarkan kepada sebab-sebab yang dibenarkan dan munasabah - Sama ada terdapat kemungkiran kewajipan fidusiari - Sama ada doktrin pemaafan terpakai

KONTRAK: Kemungkiran - Kontrak pekerjaan - Perlanggaran kewajipan fidusiari - Perlakuan pegawai bank yang membuat tindakan lanjutan selain daripada prosedur yang telah ditetapkan dalam meluluskan pinjaman - Sama ada terdapat kemungkiran syarat dan terma perjanjian perkhidmatan, amalan-amalan kerja, garis panduan dan prosedur bank

[2015] 1 LNS 298

PP lwn. NAZRI ISMAIL

UNDANG-UNDANG JENAYAH: Rasuah - Penerimaan sumbangan secara rasuah - Penerimaan wang tunai oleh pegawai badan awam - Andaian penerimaan rasuah - Sama ada terdapat persetujuan untuk menerima wang tanpa balasan - Sama ada andaian dibawah s. 50 Akta Suruhanjaya Pencegahan Rasuah Malaysia 2009 terpakai

PROSEDUR JENAYAH: Rayuan - Rayuan terhadap pelepasan dan pembebasan - Rayuan oleh pendakwaraya - Kesalahan permintaan dan penerimaan wang rasuah - Kegagalan tertuduh untuk menyangkal andaian di bawah s. 50(3) Akta Suruhanjaya Pencegahan Rasuah Malaysia 2009 - Sama ada pihak pendakwaan telah membuktikan kes prima facie - Sama ada tertuduh wajar dilepaskan dan dibebaskan walaupun tertuduh gagal menyangkal andaian di bawah s. 50 Akta Suruhanjaya Pencegahan Rasuah Malaysia 2009


CLJ 2016 Volume 1 (Part 4)

COURT OF APPEAL

Aisyah Mohd Rose & Anor v. PP
Mohtarudin Baki, Tengku Maimun Tuan Mat, Zakaria Sam JJCA
(Criminal Procedure; Criminal Law - Charge - Framing or particulars of - Criminal breach of trust) [2016] 1 CLJ 529 [CA]

Asni Omar lwn. PP
Mohtarudin Baki, Tengku Maimun Tuan Mat, Zakaria Sam HHMR
(Undang-undang Jenayah; Keterangan - Maklumat yang membawa kepada penemuan - Prinsip-prinsip yang terpakai) [2016] 1 CLJ 548 [CA]

Joy Felix v. PP
Mohd Zawawi Salleh, Vernon Ong Lam Kiat, Prasad Sandosham Abraham JJCA
(Criminal Law - Penal Code - Section 302 - Murder) [2016] 1 CLJ 566 [CA]

Wong Wai Keong v. PP
Azahar Mohamed, Rohana Yusuf, Zakaria Sam JJCA
(Criminal Law; Evidence - Exhibits - Identity of exhibits) [2016] 1 CLJ 578 [CA]

HIGH COURT

Allianz General Insurance Company (Malaysia) Bhd lwn. Mohd Fauzi Abdul Manaf & Yang Lain
Azimah Omar PK
(Insurans - Polisi insurans motosikal - Liabiliti) [2016] 1 CLJ 587 [HC]

Kong Chee Wai & Satu Lagi lwn. Pengarah Tanah Dan Galian Perak & Yang Lain Dan Satu Lagi Kes
Che Ruzima Ghazali PK
(Undang-undang Tanah - Tanah adat - Hak - Hak dan kepentingan tanah adat orang asli di bawah undang-undang) [2016] 1 CLJ 605 [HC]

Nikodemus Singgai & Ors v. Sibu Slipway Sdn Bhd & Ors
Lee Heng Cheong J
(Native Law And Custom; Words & Phrases - Notice - Setting aside) [2016] 1 CLJ 618 [HC]

Pembangunan Orkid Desa Sdn Bhd v. Liputan Simfoni Sdn Bhd & Ors
Azizul Azmi Adnan JC
(Land Law - Caveat - Private caveat - Action by plaintiff to lodge private caveat over land) [2016] 1 CLJ 664 [HC]

Public Performance Malaysia Sdn Bhd & Anor v. PRISM Bhd
Azizah Nawawi J
(Intellectual Property; Tort - Copyright - Infringement - Licensing body) [2016] 1 CLJ 687 [HC]

Re Karisma Thakurdas Jethwani; Ex p Malayan Banking Bhd
Abu Bakar Jais JC
(Bankruptcy; Limitation - Land dispute - Native customary rights) [2016] 1 CLJ 706 [HC]

SUBJECT INDEX

BANKRUPTCY

Notice - Setting aside - Appeal against decision of Senior Assistant Registrar - Dispute over computation of interest on amount of monies owed - Whether must be notified via bankruptcy notice - Whether letter constituted notice - Whether s. 3(2)(ii) of Bankruptcy Act 1967 complied with
Re Karisma Thakurdas Jethwani; Ex p Malayan Banking Bhd
(Abu Bakar Jais JC) [2016] 1 CLJ 706 [HC]

CRIMINAL PROCEDURE

Appeal - Appeal against conviction and sentence - Charges under s. 409 of Penal Code and s. 4(1) of Anti-Money Laundering and Anti-Terrorism Financing Act 2001 - Whether offences proven - Whether convictions safe - Whether sentences appropriate
Aisyah Mohd Rose & Anor v. PP
(Mohtarudin Baki, Tengku Maimun Tuan Mat, Zakaria Sam JJCA) [2016] 1 CLJ 529 [CA]

Charge - Framing or particulars of - Criminal breach of trust - Charge in respect of 27 transactions made at different times involving different amounts within period of one year - Whether sufficient to specify gross sum and dates between which offence alleged to have been committed without specifying particular items or exact dates - Whether specific provision of s. 153(2) prevails over general provision of s. 164 of Criminal Procedure Code - Whether charge valid
Aisyah Mohd Rose & Anor v. PP
(Mohtarudin Baki, Tengku Maimun Tuan Mat, Zakaria Sam JJCA) [2016] 1 CLJ 529 [CA]

Charge - Framing or particulars of - Criminal breach of trust - Whether there were distinct offences warranting separate charges - Whether error in charge - Whether accused persons misled by error in particulars of charge - Whether failure to state manner of abetment rendered charge defective - Criminal Procedure Code, ss. 156 & 163
Aisyah Mohd Rose & Anor v. PP
(Mohtarudin Baki, Tengku Maimun Tuan Mat, Zakaria Sam JJCA) [2016] 1 CLJ 529 [CA]

Sentence - Appeal - Maximum sentence - Whether should be reserved and only warranted in 'worst case imaginable' scenario - Whether trial judge considered mitigation and given justification for imposition of maximum sentence - Whether appellate interference warranted
Aisyah Mohd Rose & Anor v. PP
(Mohtarudin Baki, Tengku Maimun Tuan Mat, Zakaria Sam JJCA) [2016] 1 CLJ 529 [CA]

CRIMINAL LAW

Anti-Money Laundering and Anti-Terrorism Financing Act 2001 - Section 4(1) - Definition of money laundering - Whether includes acts of engaging directly or indirectly, in a transaction that involves proceeds of an unlawful activity - Whether unlawful activity related to any serious offence or any foreign serious offence - Whether offence under s. 409 of Penal Code listed as serious offence - Whether predicate offence of criminal breach of trust under s. 409 proven - Whether convictions safe
Aisyah Mohd Rose & Anor v. PP
(Mohtarudin Baki, Tengku Maimun Tuan Mat, Zakaria Sam JJCA) [2016] 1 CLJ 529 [CA]

Dangerous Drugs Act 1952 - Section 39B(1)(a) - Trafficking in cannabis - Whether identification evidence of drugs exhibits challenged - Whether break in chain of evidence proven - Whether there was doubt as to identity of drug exhibits - Whether mens rea possession established - Whether trial judge correctly invoked presumption of trafficking under s. 37(da) - Whether presumption rebutted - Whether conviction safe
Wong Wai Keong v. PP
(Azahar Mohamed, Rohana Yusuf, Zakaria Sam JJCA) [2016] 1 CLJ 578 [CA]

Penal Code - Section 302 - Murder - Appeal against conviction and sentence - Death of deceased caused by appellant during robbery committed with accomplices - Appellant coiled seat belt around neck of deceased after deceased became motionless due to repeated attacks - Post mortem report showed cause of death by asphyxia as consequence of neck compression - Mens rea - Whether established under s. 300(d) of the Penal Code - Whether knowledge that act likely to cause death may be inferred from surrounding circumstances - Whether there was evidence to excuse appellant for incurring risk of causing death to deceased
Joy Felix v. PP
(Mohd Zawawi Salleh, Vernon Ong Lam Kiat, Prasad Sandosham Abraham JJCA) [2016] 1 CLJ 566 [CA]

Penal Code - Section 409 - Criminal breach of trust - Ingredients of offence - Whether actual wrongful loss or gain an ingredient to be proved - Whether clear case of dishonest misappropriation and conversion of cheques - Penal Code, s. 24
Aisyah Mohd Rose & Anor v. PP
(Mohtarudin Baki, Tengku Maimun Tuan Mat, Zakaria Sam JJCA) [2016] 1 CLJ 529 [CA]

EVIDENCE

Exhibits - Identity of exhibits - Whether drugs exhibits unmistakably identified - Whether identification evidence of drugs exhibits challenged - Whether there was break in chain of evidence - Whether there were doubts as to identities of drugs
Wong Wai Keong v. PP
(Azahar Mohamed, Rohana Yusuf, Zakaria Sam JJCA) [2016] 1 CLJ 578 [CA]

INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY

Copyright - Infringement - Licensing body - Plaintiff mandated to issue licenses and collect royalties - Defendant carried out similar role and function with that of plaintiff - Defendant published, circulated or made available licensing documents to public and music users - Allegation that defendant used plaintiff's licensing documents - Copyright of licensing document - Whether owned by plaintiff - Whether defendant infringed plaintiff's copyright
Public Performance Malaysia Sdn Bhd & Anor v. PRISM Bhd
(Azizah Nawawi J) [2016] 1 CLJ 687 [HC]

LAND LAW

Caveat - Private caveat - Action by plaintiff to lodge private caveat over land - Whether an exercise of rights to protect legitimate claim over land - Plaintiff sought to have itself declared as rightful registered proprietor of land - Impostor company claiming to be registered proprietor of land entered into sale and purchase agreement ('SPA') with second defendant - Whether subsequent transfer of land effected through forged documents - Whether second defendant's title defeasible under s. 340(2)(b) of National Land Code - Second defendant sold land to first defendant - Whether second SPA had effect of evading payment of real property gains tax on undeclared profit - Whether second SPA void ab initio pursuant to s. 24(b) of Contracts Act 1950 - Whether first defendant a purchaser in good faith and for valuable consideration - Whether plaintiff barred by limitation in its claim against third defendant for effecting registration of first and second defendants as proprietors - Whether third defendant owed a duty of care to plaintiff to notify it of proceedings regarding subject land - Whether register of titles should be amended to reflect plaintiff as registered proprietor of land
Pembangunan Orkid Desa Sdn Bhd v. Liputan Simfoni Sdn Bhd & Ors
(Azizul Azmi Adnan JC) [2016] 1 CLJ 664 [HC]

Sale of land - Indefeasibility of title and interests - Dispute - Impostor company claiming to be registered proprietor of land entered into sale and purchase agreement ('SPA') with second defendant - Whether subsequent transfer of land effected through forged documents - Whether second defendant's title defeasible under s. 340(2)(b) of National Land Code - Second defendant sold land to first defendant - Whether second SPA had effect of evading payment of real property gains tax on undeclared profit - Whether second SPA void ab initio pursuant to s. 24(b) of Contracts Act 1950 - Whether first defendant a purchaser in good faith and for valuable consideration - Whether plaintiff barred by limitation in its claim against third defendant for effecting registration of first and second defendants as proprietors - Whether third defendant owed a duty of care to plaintiff to notify it of proceedings regarding subject land - Whether register of titles should be amended to reflect plaintiff as registered proprietor of land
Pembangunan Orkid Desa Sdn Bhd v. Liputan Simfoni Sdn Bhd & Ors
(Azizul Azmi Adnan JC) [2016] 1 CLJ 664 [HC]

LIMITATION

Execution of judgment - Limitation of 12 years - Bankruptcy proceeding instituted six years after date of judgment obtained - Parties entered into negotiation and agreed not to raise issue of limitation - Dispute arose over computation of interest on amount of monies owed - Whether limitation had set in - Whether judgment creditor could claim interest beyond six years after judgment obtained - Whether judgment debtor estopped from relying on law regarding limitation - Limitation Act 1953, s. 6(3)
Re Karisma Thakurdas Jethwani; Ex p Malayan Banking Bhd
(Abu Bakar Jais JC) [2016] 1 CLJ 706 [HC]

NATIVE LAW AND CUSTOM

Land dispute - Native customary rights - Whether plaintiffs' 'natives' within meaning of 'native customary rights' - Whether plaintiffs carried out customary practices in area claimed - Whether there was continuous occupation of lands - Whether recognition of plaintiffs' native customary rights founded both on common law principles and relevant statutes of Sarawak - Land Code (Sarawak) (Cap 81), s. 2
Nikodemus Singgai & Ors v. Sibu Slipway Sdn Bhd & Ors
(Lee Heng Cheong J) [2016] 1 CLJ 618 [HC]

TORT

Passing off - Elements of - Whether proved - Licensing body - Plaintiff mandated to issue licenses and collect royalties - Defendant carried out similar role and function with that of plaintiff - Defendant published, circulated or made available licensing documents to public and music users - Allegation that defendant used plaintiff's licensing documents - Whether plaintiff had sufficient reputation in goods or services offered to public - Whether there was misrepresentation by defendant that led public to believe that goods or services offered were by plaintiff - Whether plaintiff suffered damages or injury to business or goodwill due to defendant's misrepresentation
Public Performance Malaysia Sdn Bhd & Anor v. PRISM Bhd
(Azizah Nawawi J) [2016] 1 CLJ 687 [HC]

WORDS & PHRASES

'lawfully been created' - Land Code (Sarawak) (Cap 81), s. 2 - Meaning of - Creation of native customary rights - Whether in accordance with law
Nikodemus Singgai & Ors v. Sibu Slipway Sdn Bhd & Ors
(Lee Heng Cheong J) [2016] 1 CLJ 618 [HC]

INDEKS PERKARA

INSURANS

Polisi insurans motosikal - Liabiliti - Permohonan untuk mengelak dan menafikan liabiliti - Sama ada polisi dikeluarkan oleh penanggung insurans dengan pihak yang diinsuranskan satu kontrak persendirian yang tidak boleh dipindahmilik - Sama ada polisi insurans luput kuatkuasanya secara otomatik apabila tuanpunya kereta menjual keretanya - Sama ada pemegang polisi bertanggungan secara vikarius terhadap penunggang motosikal yang tidak mendapat kebenaran (non-authorised driver) - Sama ada plaintif diletakkan tanggungan atau liabiliti dalam kes tuntutan kecederaan diri yang dialami defendan keempat - Sama ada liabiliti wujud ke atas defendan ketiga untuk ditanggung oleh plaintif - Sama ada polisi insurans terbatal dan tidak sah - Akta Pengangkutan Jalan 1987, ss. 91(1)(b) & 96(2)
Allianz General Insurance Company (Malaysia) Bhd lwn. Mohd Fauzi Abdul Manaf & Yang Lain
(Azimah Omar PK) [2016] 1 CLJ 587 [CA]

KETERANGAN

Keterangan ikut keadaan - Pembunuhan - Sama ada identiti si mati dibuktikan - Sama ada hakim bicara telah menimbangkan pembelaan dengan sewajarnya - Sama ada keterangan ikut keadaan menjurus kepada hanya kebersalahan perayu - Sama ada sabitan perayu selamat
Asni Omar lwn. PP
(Mohtarudin Baki, Tengku Maimun Tuan Mat, Zakaria Sam HHMR) [2016] 1 CLJ 548 [CA]

Maklumat yang membawa kepada penemuan - Prinsip-prinsip yang terpakai - Sama ada maklumat diperolehi daripada perayu - Sama ada wujud keterangan yang menunjukkan maklumat diperolehi daripada sumber lain selain daripada perayu - Sama ada pihak polis sedia maklum akan maklumat sebelum diberikan oleh perayu - Sama ada maklumat diterima masuk dengan wajar - Akta Keterangan 1950, s. 27
Asni Omar lwn. PP
(Mohtarudin Baki, Tengku Maimun Tuan Mat, Zakaria Sam HHMR) [2016] 1 CLJ 548 [CA]

UNDANG-UNDANG JENAYAH

Kanun Keseksaan - Seksyen 302 - Sama ada pendakwaan berjaya membuktikan kes prima facie terhadap perayu - Sama ada pembelaan menimbulkan keraguan munasabah atas kes pendakwaan - Sama ada keterangan ikut keadaan menjurus kepada hanya kebersalahan perayu - Sama ada hakim bicara telah menimbangkan pembelaan dengan sewajarnya
Asni Omar lwn. PP
(Mohtarudin Baki, Tengku Maimun Tuan Mat, Zakaria Sam HHMR) [2016] 1 CLJ 548 [CA]

UNDANG-UNDANG TANAH

Tanah adat - Hak - Hak dan kepentingan tanah adat orang asli di bawah undang-undang - Sama ada dipertanggungjawabkan kepada Pengarah Tanah dan Galian dan Kerajaan Negeri - Sama ada tugas Kerajaan Negeri untuk mewartakan tanah adat sebagai rizab orang asli - Sama ada kegagalan pewartaan mewajarkan pembayaran pampasan sekiranya tanah adat diambil
Kong Chee Wai & Satu Lagi lwn. Pengarah Tanah Dan Galian Perak & Yang Lain Dan Satu Lagi Kes
(Che Ruzima Ghazali PK) [2016] 1 CLJ 605 [HC]

Tanah adat - Tuntutan - Sama ada plaintif-plaintif berhak kepada milikan tanah sebagai tanah adat - Sama ada prinsip common law berkaitan hak tanah adat orang asli diiktiraf sebagai undang-undang substantif - Sama ada mempunyai kuat kuasa dan kesan sama seperti undang-undang bertulis - Sama ada plaintif-plaintif berjaya membuktikan tuntutan untuk tanah adat atas imbangan kebarangkalian
Kong Chee Wai & Satu Lagi lwn. Pengarah Tanah Dan Galian Perak & Yang Lain Dan Satu Lagi Kes
(Che Ruzima Ghazali PK) [2016] 1 CLJ 605 [HC]


ARTICLES

LNS Article(s)

  1. TAKAFUL (ISLAMIC INSURANCE) CONCEPTS AND PERSPECTIVES* [Read excerpt]
    by: PAUL WOUTERS** [2016] 1 LNS(A) v

  2. [2016] 1 LNS(A) v
    logo
    SINGAPORE

    TAKAFUL (ISLAMIC INSURANCE) CONCEPTS AND PERSPECTIVES*
    by
    PAUL WOUTERS**

    Introduction

    In a contract of conventional insurance, the insurer assumes a legally binding obligation against the payment of a premium by the insured to pay money or money’s worth as compensation for the insured's loss if and when an uncertain event occurs and where the insured has an insurable interest in the subject matter of the insurance, whether this is the life or the property in question.

    This gives rise to an insurance mechanism that can be summarised in the diagram below.

    1.     The clients pay the premiums.

    2.     The insurer invests the available funds (and generates profits) and settles the claims with the clients.

    . . .

    * This article was originally published in the (July/2012) issue of the Singapore Law Gazette (www.lawgazette.com.sg), the official publication of the Law Society of Singapore, published by LexisNexis. Reproduced with permission.

    ** Lawyer, Antwerp Bar Association (Belgium), Senior Foreign Counsel AZMI & Associates Advocates and Solicitors (Malaysia - Singapore) E-mail: pwouters.law@gmail.com


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  3. 21st CENTURY FAMILY LAW THE 2014 MICHAEL FARMER MEMORIAL LECTURE* [Read excerpt]
    by: SIR JAMES MUNBY
    PRESIDENT OF THE FAMILY DIVISION
    [2016] 1 LNS(A) vi

  4. [2016] 1 LNS(A) vi
    logo
    UNITED KINGDOM

    21st CENTURY FAMILY LAW
    THE 2014 MICHAEL FARMER MEMORIAL LECTURE*

    by
    SIR JAMES MUNBY
    PRESIDENT OF THE FAMILY DIVISION

    You tempt me to speculate about family law in the century ahead. Trying to predict the future is a hazardous enterprise. Forgive me if I therefore start with an account of how we have arrived at where we are today.

    Victorian family law was founded on three great pillars.

    First, it went without saying that the basis of the family was a marriage that was Christian, or if not Christian, then its secular or other religious equivalent.

    Secondly, the relationship of the husband and the wife within that marriage was fundamentally unequal. The principle received its classic formulation in the words of my distinguished predecessor, Sir James Hannen, in 1885, “protection on the part of the man, and submission on the part of the woman”, an attitude that lingered on well into the 1950s and even later.

    Thirdly, the relationship of parent and child was in large measure left to the unregulated control of the father, parental rights for all practical purposes being vested in the father to the exclusion of the mother.

    . . .

    * Sir James Munby, President of the Family Division, The 2014 Legal Wales Conference (Bangor University, 10 October 2014). Published with kind permission of the Judicial Communications Office, Judiciary of England and Wales (https://www.judiciary.gov.uk/wp-content/uploads/2014/10/munby-speech-bangor-10102014.pdf).


    Please subscribe to cljlaw or login for the full article.
LEGISLATION HIGHLIGHTS

Principal Acts

Number Title In force from Repealing
ACT 773 Finance Act 2015 The Income Tax Act 1967 [Act 53] see s 3; The Petroleum (Income Tax) Act 1967 [Act 543] see s 33; The Real Property Gains Tax Act 1976 [Act 169] see s 39; The Labuan Business Activity Tax Act 1990 [Act 445] see s 44; The Goods and Services Tax Act 2014 [Act 762] see s 47; The Promotion of Investments Act 1986 [Act 327] see s 57 -
ACT 772 Animal Welfare Act 2015 Not Yet In Force -
ACT 771 Malaysian Aviation Commission Act 2015 Not Yet In Force -
ACT 770 Special Measures Against Terrorism In Foreign Countries Act 2015 15 June 2015 [PU(B) 250/2015] -
ACT 769 Prevention of Terrorism Act 2015 1 September 2015 [PU(B) 345/2015] -

Amending Acts

Number Title In force from Principal/Amending Act No
ACT A1503 Supply Act 2016 24 December 2015  
ACT A1502 Development Financial Institutions (Amendment) Act 2015 Not Yet In Force ACT 618
ACT A1501 Electricity Supply (Amendment) Act 2015 1 January 2016 [PU(B) 501/2015] ACT 447
ACT A1500 Anti-Trafficking In Persons and Anti-Smuggling of Migrants (Amendment) Act 2015 18 November 2015 [PU(B) 460/2015] ACT 670
ACT A1499 Capital Markets and Services (Amendment) Act 2015 15 September 2015 [PU(B) 369/2015] ACT 671

PU(A)

Number Title Date of Publication In force from Principal/ Amending Act No
PU(A) 8/2016 Road Transport (Authorization To Collect Fees For Inspection of Motor Vehicles Services) Order 2016 20 January 2016 1 September 2009 ACT 333
PU(A) 7/2016 Road Transport (Fees For Inspection of Motor Vehicles Services) Rules 2016 20 January 2016 1 September 2009 ACT 333
PU(A) 6/2016 Motor Vehicles (Construction and Use) (Amendment) Rules 2016 20 January 2016 1 July 2017 LN 170/1959
PU(A) 5/2016 Mutual Assistance In Criminal Matters (People's Republic of China) Order 2016 19 January 2016 In accordance with Article 26(1) of the Treaty ACT 621
PU(A) 4/2016 Pesticides (Exemption) Order 2016 15 January 2016 15 January 2016 ACT 149

PU(B)

Number Title Date of Publication In force from Principal/ Amending Act No
PU(B) 38/2016 Notice Regarding The Supplementary Electoral Roll For The Third Quarter of The Year 2015 (No. 3) That Has Been Certified 20 January 2016 19 January 2016 PU(A) 293/2002
PU(B) 37/2016 Notice Regarding The Supplementary Electoral Roll For The Third Quarter of The Year 2015 (No. 2) That Has Been Certified 19 January 2016 19 January 2016 PU(A) 293/2002
PU(B) 36/2016 Notification of Values of Crude Palm Oil Under Section 12 19 January 2016 1 February 2016 to 29 February 2016 ACT 235
PU(B) 35/2016 Notification of The Dates and Duration of Sales At Cheap Sale Price For The Calendar Year 2016 19 January 2016 Specified in column (2) of the Schedule PU(A) 424/1997
PU(B) 34/2016 Designation Under Paragraph 5(1)(b) 19 January 2016 Specified in column (2) ACT 349

Legislation Alert

Updated

Act/Principal No. Title Amended by In force from Section amended
LN 170/1959 Motor Vehicles (Construction and Use) Rules 1959 PU(A) 6/2016 1 July 2017 Third Schedule
ACT 77 Armed Forces Act 1972 ACT A1492 18 January 2016 [PU(B) 13/2016] Section 185
ACT 344 Police Act 1967 (Revised 1988) ACT A1495 18 January 2016 [PU(B) 14/2016] Section 33
ACT 45 Judges' Remuneration Act 1971 ACT A1494 18 January 2016 [PU(B) 10/2016] Section 13
ACT 537 Prison Act 1995 ACT A1474 15 January 2016 [PU(B) 8/2016] Sections 2, 10, 11, 13, Part IVB and First Schedule

 

Revoked

 

Act/Principal No. Title Revoked by In force from
PU(B) 366/2012 Designation Under Paragraph 5(1)(b) PU(B) 33/2016 Specified in column (3) of the Schedule
PU(B) 568/2011 Designation Under Paragraph 5(1)(b) PU(B) 33/2016 Specified in column (3) of the Schedule
PU(B) 391/2012 Designation Under Paragraph 5(1)(b) PU(B) 33/2016 Specified in column (3) of the Schedule
PU(B) 526/2010 Designation Under Paragraph 5(1)(b) PU(B) 33/2016 Specified in column (3) of the Schedule
PU(B) 393/2012 Designation Under Paragraph 5(1)(b) PU(B) 33/2016 Specified in column (3) of the Schedule