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CLJ Bulletin, Issue 2016, Vol 39
29 September 2016


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New This Week

1. Case(s) of the Week

  1. MUHAMMAD MUHAIMIN YAUZA & YANG LAIN lwn. JK MAIZATULNIZA MAT JAIS & YANG LAIN [2016] 8 CLJ 267

2. Latest Cases

  1. Legal Network Series

  2. CLJ 2016 Volume 8 (Part 2)

3. Articles

  1. LNS Article(s)

  2. CLJ Article(s)

4. Legislation Highlights

  1. Principal Acts

  2. Amending Acts

  3. PU(A)

  4. PU(B)

  5. Legislation Alert


CASE(S) OF THE WEEK

MUHAMMAD MUHAIMIN YAUZA & YANG LAIN lwn.
JK MAIZATULNIZA MAT JAIS & YANG LAIN
[2016] 8 CLJ 267
MAHKAMAH TINGGI MALAYA, KUALA TERENGGANU
MOHD YAZID MUSTAFA H
[GUAMAN NO: 21NCVC-05-03-2013]
25 FEBRUARY 2016

TORT: Kecuaian - Ganti rugi - Liabiliti - Kecuaian perubatan - Pelajar mengalami kecacatan kekal selepas menerima suntikan Anti Tetanus Toxoid ('ATT') - Sama ada keizinan daripada bapa atau penjaga pelajar diperolehi sebelum suntikan diberikan - Sama ada jururawat cuai - Sama ada pihak sekolah cuai kerana tidak memaklumkan tentang suntikan kepada bapa pelajar - Sama ada defendan-defendan cuai 100%

TORT: Kecuaian - Kecuaian vikarius - Pelajar mengalami kecacatan kekal selepas menerima suntikan Anti Tetanus Toxoid ('ATT') - Kecuaian perubatan - Sama ada keizinan daripada bapa atau penjaga pelajar diperolehi sebelum suntikan diberikan - Sama ada pihak sekolah memastikan pelajar sihat dan boleh disuntik - Sama ada defendan kelima sebagai badan pentadbir sekolah bertanggungan secara vikarius - Sama ada kecuaian vikarius dibuktikan


LATEST CASES

Legal Network Series

[2014] 1 LNS 1776

TENAGA NASIONAL BERHAD lwn. RANK METAL SDN BHD & SATU LAGI KES

UTILITI AWAM: Elektrik - Pemakaian dan penggunaan - Pengusikan pada meter elektrik - Pengusikan pada pepasangan meter - Sama ada pengusikan pada meter elektrik telah dibuktikan - Akta Bekalan Elektrik 1990, s. 38

UTILITI AWAM: Elektrik - Bayaran elektrik - Kehilangan hasil penggunaan bekalan elektrik - Pengusikan pada pepasangan meter elektrik - Pengiraan bil kebelakangan - Pengiraan berdasarkan penurunan mendadak dan purata harian penggunaan elektrik - Sama ada defendan bertanggungan untuk membayar kerugian yang dialami oleh plaintif atas kehilangan hasil penggunaan elektrik yang tidak direkodkan pembacaan - Sama ada kaedah pengiraan berdasarkan penurunan mendadak dan purata harian penggunaan elektrik adalah betul

[2014] 1 LNS 1779

TAN KIAN SOON lwn. CHOONG HWA DOONG & YANG LAIN

PROSEDUR SIVIL: Pindaan - Perintah - Kebebasan untuk memohon dinyatakan didalam perintah - Perintah berkenaan penilaian saham-saham - Tarikh penilaian tidak dinyatakan secara khusus di dalam perintah asal - Cadangan meminda perintah untuk menambah tarikh akaun beraudit yang lama - Sama ada permohonan pindaan yang dicadangkan merangkumi oleh Aturan 20 Kaedah 11 Kaedah-Kaedah Mahkamah 2012 - Sama ada tarikh pernilaian adalah berdasarkan tarikh perintah

[2015] 1 LNS 493

GAN SENG KEE v. YAP YOK LAN

CIVIL PROCEDURE: Pleadings - Sufficiency of - Adequacy of pleadings - Recovery of land on alleged unlawful transfer - Allegation of presumed undue influence raised at submission stage - Whether allegation had taken parties by surprise - Whether it was essential to provide material particulars that support trust and confidence in order to rely on plea of presumed undue influence - Rules of Court 2012, O. 18 rr. 8 & 12

CONTRACT: Consideration - Natural love and affection - Transfer of land by mother-in-law to daughter-in-law - Whether transfer of land was made with sufficient consideration consistent with intent and purposes of s. 26 of Contracts Act 1950

EVIDENCE: Admissibility - Testimonies of witnesses - Facts showing existence of state of mind or feelings - Determining true intention of a person who was deceased - Witnesses illustrated intention and motive of deceased in transferring land - Whether such testimonies of witnesses were admissible - Evidence Act 1950, s. 14

LAND LAW: Title - Indefeasibility of title - Transfer of lands by mother-in-law to daughter-in-law - Lands transferred for natural love and affection - Transferor had received legal advise on transfer - Allegation that land was transferred due to undue influence – Whether s. 340(1) of National Land Code 1965 protected defendant's proprietary rights over lands - Whether issue of undue influence was relevant - Whether there was overwhelming evidence of tender love and affection between mother-in-law and daughter-in-law - Whether transfer of lands was done with benefit of sufficient independent legal advise

LAND LAW: Transfer - Validity of - Transfer of lands by mother-in-law to daughter-in-law - Allegation of unlawful transfer due to inducement - Allegation transfer was done using replacement titles - Whether transfer of lands was properly and validly done in accordance with provisions of National Land Code 1965 - Whether transfer was an inter-vivos gift - Whether there was undue influence in transfer of land - Whether there was false declaration made to procure replacement titles

[2015] 1 LNS 899

JUSIN ENTERPRISE (M) SDN BHD v. NH TIMBER 1ST SPECIALTY LIMITED LIABILITY COMPANY

CIVIL PROCEDURE: Foreclosure proceedings - Enforcement - Foreclosure proceeding to enforce a statutory charge - Whether a foreclosure action may be independently enforced without regard to contractual arrangements - Whether a party must first initiate a legal action in accordance with terms of an agreement before proceeding with foreclosure

LAND LAW: Charge - Validity of - Memorandum of charge - Statutory charge - Charge registered in accordance with Land Ordinance (Sabah Cap 68) - Loan agreement not attached to memorandum of charge - Whether memorandum of charge rendered invalid because loan agreement note attached

MONEYLENDERS: Interest - Charging of interest under loan agreement - Whether charging of interest on loan would result in a party acting as a money lender - Whether a single money lending transaction could make a party a money lender

[2015] 1 LNS 925

MOHAMAD ZULKARIA MOHAMAD SEBLI v. PP

CRIMINAL PROCEDURE: Appeal - Sentence - Sentence of 3 years and 6 months imprisonment and 2 strokes of whipping - Offence of cheating under s. 420 of Penal Code - Trial court took into account previous convictions of accused person in passing sentence - Accused a habitual offender - Whether sentence meted out was proportionate - Whether warranted appellate court's interference


CLJ 2016 Volume 8 (Part 2)

FEDERAL COURT

Kabushiki Kaisha Ngu v. Leisure Farm Corporation Sdn Bhd & Ors
Zulkefli Ahmad Makinudin CJ (Malaya), Suriyadi Halim Omar, Abu Samah Nordin, Ramly Ali, Aziah Ali FCJJ
(Civil Procedure; Words & Phrases - Whether notice of cross-appeal provides for complaint to be re-heard - "vary" - Whether ought to be given its ordinary and natural meaning - Rules of the Court of Appeal 1994, r. 8(1)) [2016] 8 CLJ 149 [FC]

Tenaga Nasional Bhd v. Bandar Nusajaya Development Sdn Bhd
Zulkefli Ahmad Makinudin CJ (Malaya), Richard Malanjum CJ (Sabah & Sarawak), Abdull Hamid Embong, Zainun Ali, Abu Samah Nordin FCJJ
(Land Law; Words & Phrases - Payment of compensation to landowners - Assessment - 'shall be final' - Electricity Supply Act 1990, s. 16(2)) [2016] 8 CLJ 163 [FC]

COURT OF APPEAL

Canterbury Asia Sdn Bhd v. Dato' Wira Aminudin Embi & Ors
Abdul Aziz Abdul Rahim, Rohana Yusuf, Prasad Sandosham, Abraham JJCA
(Civil Procedure; Unincorporated Associations - Acknowledgment of debt - Limitation period - Liability of office bearers) [2016] 8 CLJ 185 [CA]

Hong Leong Bank Bhd v. Jeyaprakash Pillay Jegaualthan & Another Appeal
Alizatul Khair Osman, Lim Yee Lan, Nallini Pathmanathan JJCA
(Contract; Customs And Excise - Hire purchase - Whether bank had duty to pay duties and taxes) [2016] 8 CLJ 195 [CA]

Perbadanan Kemajuan Negeri Selangor v. Selangor Country Club Sdn Bhd
Mohd Zawawi Salleh, Vernon Ong Lam Kiat, Abdul Rahman Sebli JJCA
(Contract - Construction of agreement - Specific category of land use) [2016] 8 CLJ 211 [CA]

PP v. Ramayah Ramalu & Another Appeal
Aziah Ali, Ahmadi Asnawi, Zamani A Rahim JJCA
(Criminal Law; Criminal Procedure - Murder - Appeal against conviction and sentence) [2016] 8 CLJ 226 [CA]

Tan Sri Dato' Tajudin Ramli & Anor v. Technology Resources Industries Bhd
David Wong Dak Wah, Umi Kalthum Abdul Majid, Hasnah Mohammed Hashim JJCA
(Company Law - Directors - Compensation for loss of office) [2016] 8 CLJ 244 [CA]

HIGH COURT

Kamarul Ariffin Jait & Ors v. Zuraini Osman
SM Komathy JC
(Limitation - Whether court had inherent jurisdiction to extend limitation periods in statutes - Public Authorities Protection Act 1948, s. 2(a)) [2016] 8 CLJ 257 [HC]

Muhammad Muhaimin Yauza & Yang Lain lwn. JK Maizatulniza Mat Jais & Yang Lain
Mohd Yazid Mustafa H
(Tort - Kecuaian perubatan - Kecuaian vikarious - Liabiliti) [2016] 8 CLJ 267 [HC]

NGV Tech Sdn Bhd & Anor v. Kerajaan Malaysia
Azizah Nawawi J
(Sale Of Goods; Contract - Construction of contract - Ownership of vessels) [2016] 8 CLJ 280 [HC]

SUBJECT INDEX

CIVIL PROCEDURE

Action - Limitation - Claim for payment for goods supplied and delivered - Acknowledgment of debt by financial statements - Whether liability renewed on date of acknowledgment - Whether acknowledgment extended limitation period - Whether there was unequivocal admission of acknowledgment of debt - Limitation Act 1953, s. 27
Canterbury Asia Sdn Bhd v. Dato' Wira Aminudin Embi & Ors
(Abdul Aziz Abdul Rahim, Rohana Yusuf, Prasad Sandosham Abraham JJCA) [2016] 8 CLJ 185 [CA]

Appeal - Procedure - Cross-appeal - Whether notice of cross-appeal provides for complaint to be re-heard - Whether separate notice of appeal should be filed under r. 5 of Rules of the Court of Appeal 1994 - Whether r. 8(1) of Rules of the Court of Appeal 1994 limits contentions under notice of cross- appeal to effectively vary decision - Whether aggrieved party at liberty to file independent appeal under s. 67(1) of the Courts of Judicature Act 1964
Kabushiki Kaisha Ngu v. Leisure Farm Corporation Sdn Bhd & Ors
(Zulkefli Ahmad Makinudin CJ (Malaya), Suriyadi Halim Omar, Abu Samah Nordin, Ramly Ali, Aziah Ali FCJJ) [2016] 8 CLJ 149 [FC]

COMPANY LAW

Directors - Compensation for loss of office - Objective and purpose of compensation payments - Whether achieved - Whether compensation payments to directors made with sanction of company's Board of Directors - Whether directors retired or terminated - Companies Act 1965, s. 137(1) & (5)
Tan Sri Dato' Tajudin Ramli & Anor v. Technology Resources Industries Bhd
(David Wong Dak Wah, Umi Kalthum Abdul Majid, Hasnah Mohammed Hashim JJCA) [2016] 8 CLJ 244 [CA]

Directors - Remuneration - Enhancement of remuneration package - Whether consistent with requirements of company's article of association - Whether approval of Board of Directors obtained - Whether there was justification for enhancing remuneration package - Whether directors in breach of fiduciary duties
Tan Sri Dato' Tajudin Ramli & Anor v. Technology Resources Industries Bhd
(David Wong Dak Wah, Umi Kalthum Abdul Majid, Hasnah Mohammed Hashim JJCA) [2016] 8 CLJ 244 [CA]

CONTRACT

Agreement - Breach - Hire purchase - Purchase of vehicle from dealer financed by bank - Car seized by customs due to failure of hirer to pay custom duties - Whether bank accountable for failure to deliver good title to hirer - Whether deprivation of quiet possession of vehicle attributable to any act or omission by bank - Whether bank had duty to pay duties and taxes for vehicle - Whether hirer entitled to deposit and monthly instalments paid to bank prior to seizure by customs - Whether hire purchase agreement valid - Whether there was breach of hire purchase agreement
Hong Leong Bank Bhd v. Jeyaprakash Pillay Jegaualthan & Another Appeal
(Alizatul Khair Osman, Lim Yee Lan, Nallini Pathmanathan JJCA) [2016] 8 CLJ 195 [CA]

Construction of contract - Ownership of vessels - Passing of title to vessels - Intention of parties - Defendant claimed ownership due to payments made towards construction of vessels - Whether title to vessels passed only upon full delivery or during construction - Whether title to vessel passed with every progress payment made - Whether defendant rightful owner of vessels - Sale of Goods Act 1957, ss. 2, 19(2)
NGV Tech Sdn Bhd & Anor v. Kerajaan Malaysia
(Azizah Nawawi J) [2016] 8 CLJ 280 [HC]

Terms - Construction - Agreement for sale of land between appellant and purchaser - Document of title in respect of part of land issued with specific category of land use - Purchaser sold portion of land to respondent - Whether appellant obliged to deliver issue document of title with category of land use stated therein to respondent - Whether clauses in agreement clear and free from ambiguity - Whether power to prescribe land use category and express conditions vested solely in State Authority
Perbadanan Kemajuan Negeri Selangor v. Selangor Country Club Sdn Bhd
(Mohd Zawawi Salleh, Vernon Ong Lam Kiat, Abdul Rahman Sebli JJCA) [2016] 8 CLJ 211 [CA]

CRIMINAL LAW

Penal Code - Section 302 - Murder - Fatal stab wounds inflicted on deceased - Whether accidental - Whether injury on deceased sufficient in ordinary course of nature to cause death - Whether intention to cause death could be established from seriousness of injuries and manner in which injuries were caused - Whether defence mere afterthought
PP v. Ramayah Ramalu & Another Appeal
(Aziah Ali, Ahmadi Asnawi, Zamani A Rahim JJCA) [2016] 8 CLJ 226 [CA]

CRIMINAL PROCEDURE

Appeal - Appeal against conviction and sentence - Appeal by prosecution - Original charge under s. 302 Penal Code reduced to 304(a) of Penal Code - Fatal stab wounds inflicted on deceased - Defence of accidental and unintentional - Whether trial judge erred in accepting defence - Whether intention to cause death could be established from seriousness of injuries and manner in which injuries were caused - Whether defence mere afterthought - Whether defence raised reasonable doubt on original charge
PP v. Ramayah Ramalu & Another Appeal
(Aziah Ali, Ahmadi Asnawi, Zamani A Rahim JJCA) [2016] 8 CLJ 226 [CA]

CUSTOMS AND EXCISE

Customs duties - Vehicle - Car seized by customs due to failure to pay custom duties - Whether bank accountable for failure to deliver good title to hirer - Whether deprivation of quiet possession of vehicle attributable to any act or omission by bank - Whether bank had duty to pay duties and taxes for vehicle - Customs Act 1967, s. 135(1)(g)
Hong Leong Bank Bhd v. Jeyaprakash Pillay Jegaualthan & Another Appeal
(Alizatul Khair Osman, Lim Yee Lan, Nallini Pathmanathan JJCA) [2016] 8 CLJ 195 [CA]

LAND LAW

Assessment - Compensation - Erection of transmission towers and cables - Payment of compensation to landowners - Award by District Land Administrator - Appeal to State Authority on award of compensation - State Authority increased Land Administrator's award but subsequently revised award - Whether word 'final' in s. 16(2) of Electricity Supply Act 1990 prevents State Authority from reconsidering, reviewing or revising earlier decision - Whether decision final and irrevocable - Whether State Authority acted in quasi judicial function - Whether State Authority had discharged function after issuing its first decision - Whether State Authority functus officio with no power to make second decision - Whether issuance of second decision against principle of res judicata - Whether ultra vires - Whether State Authority ought to set aside revised award
Tenaga Nasional Bhd v. Bandar Nusajaya Development Sdn Bhd
(Zulkefli Ahmad Makinudin CJ (Malaya), Richard Malanjum CJ (Sabah & Sarawak), Abdull Hamid Embong, Zainun Ali, Abu Samah Nordin FCJJ) [2016] 8 CLJ 163 [FC]

LIMITATION

Extension of limitation period - Jurisdiction - Deceased died six months after car accident - Administratrix of deceased's estate claimed for damages more than 36 months after deceased's death - Whether administratrix claim statute-barred - When cause of action accrued - Whether upon extraction of grant of letters of administration by deceased's beneficiaries - Whether administratrix a person under disability within meaning of s. 24 of Limitation Act 1953 - Whether court had inherent jurisdiction to extend limitation periods in statutes - Public Authorities Protection Act 1948, s. 2(a)
Kamarul Ariffin Jait & Ors v. Zuraini Osman
(SM Komathy JC) [2016] 8 CLJ 257 [HC]

SALE OF GOODS

Construction of contract - Ownership of vessels - Passing of title to vessels - Intention of parties - Defendant claimed ownership due to payments made towards construction of vessels - Whether title to vessels passed only upon full delivery or during construction - Whether title to vessel passed with every progress payment made - Whether defendant rightful owner of vessels - Sale of Goods Act 1957, ss. 2, 19(2)
NGV Tech Sdn Bhd & Anor v. Kerajaan Malaysia
(Azizah Nawawi J) [2016] 8 CLJ 280 [HC]

UNINCORPORATED ASSOCIATIONS

Office bearers - Malaysian Rugby Union (MRU) - Claim for payment for goods supplied and delivered - Liability of office bearers - Whether council members personally liable - Whether council members correct parties to be sued on behalf of MRU - Sports Development Act, s. 40 - Whether applicable
Canterbury Asia Sdn Bhd v. Dato' Wira Aminudin Embi & Ors
(Abdul Aziz Abdul Rahim, Rohana Yusuf, Prasad Sandosham Abraham JJCA) [2016] 8 CLJ 185 [CA]

WORDS & PHRASES

'vary' - 'decision of the High Court should be varied' - Rules of the Court of Appeal 1994, r. 8 - Whether ought to be given its ordinary and natural meaning - 'change, make differently, modify' - Whether operative words clearly limits contentions under a notice of cross-appeal to effectively vary decision and not to set aside judgment or order
Kabushiki Kaisha Ngu v. Leisure Farm Corporation Sdn Bhd & Ors
(Zulkefli Ahmad Makinudin CJ (Malaya), Suriyadi Halim Omar, Abu Samah Nordin, Ramly Ali, Aziah Ali FCJJ) [2016] 8 CLJ 149 [FC]

'shall be final' - Electricity Supply Act 1990, s. 16(2) - Mandatory - Not appealable - Whether State Authority empowered to review decision - Whether decision final and irrevocable
Tenaga Nasional Bhd v. Bandar Nusajaya Development Sdn Bhd
(Zulkefli Ahmad Makinudin CJ (Malaya), Richard Malanjum CJ (Sabah & Sarawak), Abdull Hamid Embong, Zainun Ali, Abu Samah Nordin FCJJ) [2016] 8 CLJ 163 [FC]

INDEKS PERKARA

TORT

Kecuaian - Ganti rugi - Liabiliti - Kecuaian perubatan - Pelajar mengalami kecacatan kekal selepas menerima suntikan Anti Tetanus Toxoid ('ATT') - Sama ada keizinan daripada bapa atau penjaga pelajar diperolehi sebelum suntikan diberikan - Sama ada jururawat cuai - Sama ada pihak sekolah cuai kerana tidak memaklumkan tentang suntikan kepada bapa pelajar - Sama ada defendan-defendan cuai 100%
Muhammad Muhaimin Yauza & Yang Lain lwn. JK Maizatulniza Mat Jais & Yang Lain
(Mohd Yazid Mustafa H) [2016] 8 CLJ 267 [HC]

Kecuaian - Kecuaian vikarius - Pelajar mengalami kecacatan kekal selepas menerima suntikan Anti Tetanus Toxoid ('ATT') - Kecuaian perubatan - Sama ada keizinan daripada bapa atau penjaga pelajar diperolehi sebelum suntikan diberikan - Sama ada pihak sekolah memastikan pelajar sihat dan boleh disuntik - Sama ada defendan kelima sebagai badan pentadbir sekolah bertanggungan secara vikarius - Sama ada kecuaian vikarius dibuktikan
Muhammad Muhaimin Yauza & Yang Lain lwn. JK Maizatulniza Mat Jais & Yang Lain
(Mohd Yazid Mustafa H) [2016] 8 CLJ 267 [HC]


ARTICLES

LNS Article(s)

  1. BRAVE NEW WORLD* [Read excerpt]
    by: THE HON JOHN FAULKS** [2016] 1 LNS(A) lxxxi

  2. [2016] 1 LNS(A) lxxxi
    logo
    AUSTRALIA

    BRAVE NEW WORLD*
    by
    THE HON JOHN FAULKS**

    O wonder! How many goodly creatures are there here! How beauteous mankind is! O brave new world, That has such people in't.

    - William Shakespeare, The Tempest, Act V, Scene I, ll. 203-206

    Introduction

    His Honour Sir Richard Blackburn OBE was a judge of great erudition and compassion. He was a distinguished academic, a soldier and a judge. He was a gentle man and a gentleman and it was a pleasure to appear before him. It is an honour to be part of the lecture series named after him.

    In the first of the Blackburn Lectures delivered by the Hon Sir Richard Blackburn OBE himself twenty-nine years and three hundred and sixty days ago, the ex-Chief Justice said:

    "I am unrepentant as a supporter of the old-fashioned lecture. ... What a lecture has in common with a performance such as those of Mr Robertson is that if it is any good at all, it must stimulate thought: a lecture which fails to do this is worthless. A lecture is not a means of imparting information; it is, or should be, a means of stimulating the minds of those who already have enough information to make the lecture worthwhile."

    . . .

    * Published with kind permission of the Law Society of the Australian Capital Territory. See Ethos No. 240 December 2015.

    ** The Hon John Faulks, Deputy Chief Justice of the Family Court of Australia, gave the 31st Annual Blackburn Lecture.


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  3. KEY AREAS IN URGENT NEED FOR REVIEW AND REFORMS [Read excerpt]
    by: LIM HENG SENG [2016] 1 LNS(A) lxxxii

  4. [2016] 1 LNS(A) lxxxii
    logo
    MALAYSIA

    KEY AREAS IN URGENT NEED FOR REVIEW AND REFORMS
    by
    LIM HENG SENG

    INTRODUCTION

    Industrial relations dispute processing and resolution is a complex exercise of sensibly and sensitively balancing the often competing interests of employers and employees and their respective unions. An efficacious system for processing industrial disputes ensures that the paramount national interests of shaping a vibrant and robust economy while safeguarding social and economic justice for the citizen workforce is achieved in an environment of industrial peace and harmony. There is concern among employers as well as their representative organizations and unions of workmen concerning the ability of the existing statutory system to duly and dutifully perform the role expected of it. There are a whole host of issues on which there are different views as to how they should be resolved. Yet there is an emerging consensus on certain key areas which have to be addressed and reforms to be undertaken as a matter of urgency. Three areas which are of vital concern are firstly, the system and processes for dealing with claims of workmen for the remedy of reinstatement on the grounds that their dismissal was without just cause or excuse; secondly, the issue how awards of the Industrial Court are to be audited and thirdly, the matter of appointments and security of tenure of appointees to the Industrial Court bench.

    . . .


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CLJ Article(s)

  1. STRATA MANAGEMENT IN PENINSULAR MALAYSIA: AN OVERVIEW [Read excerpt]
    by: MAZLIZA MOHAMAD* [2016] 8 CLJ(A) xi

  2. [2016] 8 CLJ(A) xi
    logo
    MALAYSIA

    STRATA MANAGEMENT IN PENINSULAR MALAYSIA: AN OVERVIEW
    by
    MAZLIZA MOHAMAD*

    Abstract

    Strata properties law in Malaysia came into existence in 1985 and was governed by the Strata Titles Act 1985 ("STA"). To date, it has gone through various amendments. Nevertheless, it appears that the Act has failed to address the disputes arising from strata management and maintenance. The problem arises when parcel owners tend to look after their own private unit but neglect the common property which belongs to everybody. Consequently, landscaped areas become unattended, stairways become filthy and building lacked proper maintenance. This paper discusses various amendment made; from the first amendment of the STA in 1990, second amendment in 1996, third amendment in 2001 and fourth amendments in 2007 as well the latest amendment in 2013. The objective of this paper is to see whether the amendments to the existing legislations, including the Strata Management Act 2013 are sufficient enough to address the problems which are encountered by the management of strata building in Malaysia. As such this paper will analyse some of the provisions in the Building and Common Property (Maintenance and Management) Act 2007 ("BCPA") and the Strata Management Act 2013 ("SMA"). The research method used in writing up this paper is a qualitative research in which it analysed the relevant statutes, rules, regulations, books, journals, articles, thesis, seminar papers, electronic materials and various newspaper reports. The findings of the research suggest that irrespective of the newly introduced SMA there is a need for more legal improvements in order to create a better regulatory framework for strata management in Malaysia.

    Keywords: strata building, common property, management, strata titles     

    . . .


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LEGISLATION HIGHLIGHTS

Principal Acts

Number Title In force from Repealing
ACT 781 Redemptorist Fathers (Incorporation) Act 1962 (Revised 2016) 15 September 2016 pursuant to paragraph 6(1)(xxiii) of the Revision of Laws Act 1968 [Act 1]; Revised up to 1 September 2016; First enacted in 1962 as Act of Parliament No 16 of 1962 -
ACT 780 Bernama Act 1967 (Revised 2016) 15 September 2016 pursuant to paragraph 6(1)(xxiii) of the Revision of Laws Act 1968 [Act 1]; Revised up to 1 September 2016; First enacted in 1967 as Act of Parliament No 19 of 1967; First Revision - 1990 (Act 449 wef 26 October 1990) -
ACT 779 Legislature of Sarawak (Application of Monies Borrowed From The Federation) Act 1968 (Revised 2016) 15 September 2016 pursuant to paragraph 6(1)(xxiii) of the Revision of Laws Act 1968 [Act 1]; Revised up to 1 September 2016; First enacted in 1968 as Act of Parliament No 16 of 1968 -
ACT 778 Interest Schemes Act 2016 Not Yet In Force -
ACT 777 Companies Act 2016 Not yet in force -

Amending Acts

Number Title In force from Principal/Amending Act No
ACT A1518 Strata Titles (Amendment) Act 2016 Not Yet In Force ACT 318
ACT A1517 Land Acquisition (Amendment) Act 2016 Not Yet In Force ACT 486
ACT A1516 National Land Code (Amendment) Act 2016 Not Yet In Force ACT 56/1965
ACT A1515 Gas Supply (Amendment) Act 2016 Not Yet In Force ACT 501
ACT A1514 National Anti-Drugs Agency (Amendment) Act 2016 18 August 2016 ACT 638

PU(A)

Number Title Date of Publication In force from Principal/ Amending Act No
PU(A) 240/2016 Employment (Exemption) Order 2016 19 September 2016 1 September 2015 ACT 265
PU(A) 239/2016 Customs (Anti-Dumping Duties) (Administrative Review) Order 2016 14 September 2016 14 September 2016 to 29 March 2019 ACT 504; ACT 235
PU(A) 238/2016 Road Transport (Prohibition of Use of Road) (City of Kuala Lumpur) (No. 3) Order 2016 9 September 2016 15 September 2016 ACT 333
PU(A) 237/2016 Civil Aviation (Amendment) Regulations 2016 9 September 2016 12 September 2016 PU(A) 97/2016
PU(A) 236/2016 Communications and Multimedia (Numbering) Regulations 2016 9 September 2016 10 September 2016 ACT 588

PU(B)

Number Title Date of Publication In force from Principal/ Amending Act No
PU(B) 410/2016 Notice of Proposed Recommendations For The Federal and State Constituencies In The States of Malaya As Reviewed By The Election Commission In 2016 15 September 2016 16 September 2016 ACT 000
PU(B) 409/2016 Prescription Under Section 6 15 September 2016 16 September 2016 ACT 32
PU(B) 408/2016 Prescription Under Section 6 15 September 2016 16 September 2016 ACT 32
PU(B) 407/2016 Notification of Values of Crude Petroleum Oil Under Section 12 13 September 2016 15 September 2016 to 28 September 2016 ACT 235
PU(B) 406/2016 Notification of Symbol and Representation of The Energy Commission 9 September 2016 10 September 2016 ACT 610

Legislation Alert

Updated

Act/Principal No. Title Amended by In force from Section amended
PU(A) 97/2016 Civil Aviation Regulations 2016 PU(A) 237/2016 12 September 2016 Regulations 2, 8, 35, 57A, 60A, 99, 157, 165 and 183; Part XXVI; Third Schedule
PU(A) 482/2012 Capital Markets and Services (Capital Market Compensation Fund) (Contribution) Regulations 2012 PU(A) 235/2016 7 September 2016 Schedule 1
PU(A) 93/2014 Anti-Money Laundering, Anti-Terrorism Financing and Proceeds of Unlawful Activities (Declaration of Specified Entities and Reporting Requirements) Order 2014 PU(A) 234/2016 6 September 2016 First Schedule
PU(A) 437/2010 Capital Markets and Services (Dispute Resolution) Regulations 2010 PU(A) 233/2016 5 September 2016 Regulations 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 13A, 14 and 15; Schedule 2
PU(A) 184/2013 Ministers of the Federal Government (No. 2) Order 2013 PU(A) 228/2016 28 June 2016 Schedule

 

Revoked

 

Act/Principal No. Title Revoked by In force from
PU(B) 99/2014 Notice of Affirmative Final Determination of An Anti-Dumping Duty Investigation With Respect to Imports of Cellulose Fibre Reinforced Cement Flat and Pattern Sheets Originating Or Exported From the Kingdom of Thailand PU(B) 401/2016 8 September 2016
PU(B) 538/2010 Malaysian Code on Take-Overs and Mergers 2010 PU(B) 356/2016 15 August 2016
PU(A) 379/2012 Pensions Adjustment (Lowest Pension) Order 2012 PU(A) 188/2016 1 July 2016
PU(A) 136/2015 Highway Authority Malaysia (Incorporation) (Collection of Tolls) (East Coast Express Way-Phase 2) Order 2015 PU(A) 193/2016 15 July 2016
PU(B) 168/2013 Polling Districts, Polling Centres and Polling Hours (Amendment) (No. 15) PU(B) 197/2016 30 April 2016