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CLJ Bulletin, Issue 2016, Vol 2
15 January 2016


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New This Week

1. Case(s) of the Week

  1. PATHMANABHAN NALLIANNEN v. PP & OTHER APPEALS [2016] 1 CLJ 377

  2. ANINA SAADUDIN v. DATUK SERI TENGKU ADNAN TENGKU MANSOR & ANOR [2016] 1 CLJ 266

2. Latest Cases

  1. Legal Network Series

  2. CLJ 2016 Volume 1 (Part 2)

  3. CLJ 2016 Volume 1 (Part 3)

3. Articles

  1. LNS Article(s)

  2. CLJ Article(s)

4. Legislation Highlights

  1. Principal Acts

  2. Amending Acts

  3. PU(A)

  4. PU(B)

  5. Legislation Alert


CASE(S) OF THE WEEK

PATHMANABHAN NALLIANNEN v. PP & OTHER APPEALS [2016] 1 CLJ 377
COURT OF APPEAL, PUTRAJAYA
AZIAH ALI JCA, TENGKU MAIMUN TUAN MAT JCA, ZAKARIA SAM JCA
[CRIMINAL APPEALS NO: B-05-154-06-2013, B-05-155-06-2013, B-05-156-06-2013 & B-05-157-06-2013]
04 DECEMBER 2015

CRIMINAL LAW: Penal Code - Section 302 - Murder - Common intention - Whether established - Whether trial judge had correctly called for defence - Whether combination of direct and circumstantial evidence established guilt of accused persons - Whether inferences from fact and circumstances led to conclusion that appellants were perpetrators of murders

EVIDENCE: Exhibit - Admissibility - Previous inconsistent statement - Whether evidence of prior conviction admissible in separate criminal proceedings - Whether statement admissible under s. 35 of Evidence Act 1950 - Whether regarded as judicial records - Whether availability of witnesses negated admissibility of exhibits - Whether exhibits correctly admitted - Evidence Act 1950, ss. 11(b), 17, 33 & 74

EVIDENCE: Information leading to facts discovered - Information leading to discovery - Whether discovery was a consequence of information given by accused persons - Whether police had prior knowledge of locations where discoveries were made - Whether discoveries would not have been made if not for information by accused persons - Whether joint statement by one or more accused persons ought to be excluded - Evidence Act 1920, s. 27

EVIDENCE: Credibility - Assessment of - Witness under witness protection programme - Whether reason to reject evidence - Whether evidence of witness supported in material particulars by other direct and circumstantial evidence


ANINA SAADUDIN v. DATUK SERI TENGKU ADNAN TENGKU MANSOR & ANOR [2016] 1 CLJ 266
HIGH COURT MALAYA, KUALA LUMPUR
S NANTHA BALAN JC
[SUIT NO: 22NCVC-502-09-2015]
07 DECEMBER 2015

CIVIL PROCEDURE: Striking out - Action - Application for - Plaintiff expelled from being member of United Malays National Organisation ('UMNO') pursuant to clause in Constitution of UMNO - Dispute pertaining to plaintiff's expulsion or cessation of membership in UMNO - Whether plaintiff's membership automatically invalidated upon filing of legal action relating to party - Whether courts had jurisdiction to hear matters relating to disputes in political parties - Whether court had jurisdiction to hear dispute concerning plaintiff's expulsion or cessation as member of UMNO - Societies Act 1966, s. 18C - Applicability


LATEST CASES

Legal Network Series

[2015] 1 LNS 254

LIM BAN KAY@ LIM CHIAM BOON lwn. KILANG KELAPA SAWIT MORIB SDN BHD & YANG LAIN

PROSEDUR SIVIL: Perlaksanaan spesifik - Perjanjian untuk penjualan tanah - Tuntutan milikan benefisial - Kewujudan pelepasan kepentingan keatas tanah dan diganti dengan bentuk tuntutan kewangan - Kewujudan surat ikatan amanah - Sama ada perjanjian boleh dilaksanakan setelah pihak-pihak bersetuju untuk menggantikan perjanjian dengan surat ikatan amanah

KETERANGAN: Pembuktian - Ganti rugi - Kemungkiran kontrak - Sama ada keterangan telah dikemukakan oleh plaintif untuk membuktikan kerugian yang telah dialami - Sama ada plaintif telah melepaskan beban pembuktian dalam membuktikan tuntutan ganti rugi berikutan kemungkiran kontrak

PROSEDUR SIVIL: Deklarasi - Permohonan untuk - Deklarasi untuk mencabar penguatkuasaan surat ikatan amanah - Permohonan dibuat tanpa terlebih dahulu membuat permohonan deklarasi untuk pengisytiharan kesahihan surat ikatan amanah - Sama ada permohonan mencabar penguatkuasaan surat ikatan amanah adalah pra-matang - Sama ada kesahihan surat ikatan amanah harus dicabar terlebih dahulu sebelum permohonan dibuat untuk mencabar penguatkuasaan surat ikatan amanah tersebut

[2015] 1 LNS 286

RHB BANK BERHAD lwn. CRYSTAL FLEET SDN BHD

UNDANG-UNDANG TANAH: Gadaian - Perintah jualan - Sebab bertentangan - Kanun Tanah Negara 1965, s. 256(3) - Kesahihan borang 16D - Penerimaan bayaran oleh pemegang gadaian selepas notis 16D dikeluarkan - Kegagalan memperincikan jumlah yang terhutang - Pengeluaran borang 16D selepas pengeluaran notis penarikbalikan kemudahan - Sama ada penerimaan bayaran selepas borang 16D berupaya menjejaskan keesahan borang 16D tersebut - Sama ada pemegang gadaian harus memperincikan jumlah yang terhutang didalam afidavit - Kaedah-Kaedah Mahkamah 2012, A. 83

PROSEDUR SIVIL: Saman pemula - Ketidakpatuhan - Kegagalan menyatakan relief atau remedi yang dipohon - Sama ada terdapat ketidakpatuhan A. 7 k. 3 Kaedah-Kaedah Mahkamah 2012

PROSEDUR SIVIL: Afidavit - Afidavit sokongan - Afidavit sokongan bagi maksud saman pemula - Peruntukan yang terpakai - Sama ada A. 28 k. 3C(1) Keadah-Kaedah Mahkamah 2012 telah dipatuhi - Sama ada A. 32 k. 13(1) Kaedah-Kaedah Mahkamah 2012 terpakai dalam afidavit bagi maksud saman pemula

[2015] 1 LNS 291

BITARA CARTA SDN BHD lwn. TENAGA NASIONAL BERHAD

TORT: Kecuaian - Kewajipan berhati-hati - Kemungkiran kewajipan berhati-hati oleh pembekal perkhidmatan terhadap pelanggan - Ramalan kecederaan kepada pelanggan - Kelewatan pembekal perkhidmatan dalam memaklum balas terhadap aduan pelanggan - Sama ada kecederaan yang telah dialami oleh pelanggan dapat diramal - Sama ada kelewatan pembekal perkhidmatan untuk mengambil tindakan mempunyai kesan langsung keatas pelanggan - Sama ada terdapat kemungkiran kewajipan berhati-hati di pihak pembekal perkhidmatan kerana lewat mengambil tindakan terhadap masalah pelanggan

[2015] 1 LNS 293

MBF HOLDINGS BERHAD & SATU LAGI lwn. HOUNG HAI KONG & YANG LAIN

PROSEDUR SIVIL: Ganti rugi - Taksiran ganti rugi - Akujanji untuk gantirugi - Ganti rugi ekoran daripada perintah injunksi - Kehilangan kedudukan profesional, kehilangan pendapatan, kehilangan kedudukan politik dan masa depan politik - Kehilangan hak-hak untuk bercakap sebagai warganegara Malaysia dan ahli parlimen - Sama ada terdapat kesan langsung daripada perintah injunksi dan akujanji plaintif

PROSEDUR SIVIL: Pliding - Fakta-fakta yang tidak diplidkan - Tuntutan ganti rugi - Sama ada Mahkamah wajar mempertimbangkan perkara yang tidak diplidkan

[2015] 1 LNS 305

BINA PURI CONSTRUCTION SDN BHD v. HING NYIT ENTERPRISE SDN BHD

CONSTRUCTION LAW: Construction Industry Payment Adjudication Act 2012 ('CIPAA') - s. 16(1)(b) - Application for stay of adjudication decision - Stay of subject matter of adjudication decision pending final determination by court - Whether stay ought to be granted - Whether subject matter of adjudication was pending in court


CLJ 2016 Volume 1 (Part 2)

FEDERAL COURT

SPM Membrane Switch Sdn Bhd v. Kerajaan Negeri Selangor
Ahmad Maarop, Hasan Lah, Zainun Ali, Jeffrey Tan, Ramly Ali FCJJ
(Contract; Words & Phrases - Termination - Notice of termination - Validity - Construction of terms of contract - Assessment of Damages - Loss of profit) [2016] 1 CLJ 177 [FC]

COURT OF APPEAL

Chain Cycle Sdn Bhd v. Kerajaan Malaysia
Lim Yee Lan, Varghese George, Idrus Harun JJCA
(Arbitration - Reference under s. 42 of Arbitration Act 2005 - Determination of what amounted to 'question of law') [2016] 1 CLJ 218 [CA]

FLH ICT Services Sdn Bhd & Anor v. Malaysian Debt Ventures Bhd
Varghese George, Ahmadi Asnawi, Prasad Sandosham Abraham JJCA
(Banking; Civil Procedure - Islamic financing - Failure to state asset used in transaction - Whether compliance with Syariah principle of financing) [2016] 1 CLJ 243 [CA]

I&P Seriemas Sdn Bhd & Anor v. Tenaga Nasional Bhd & Ors
Mohd Hishamudin Yunus, Rohana Yusuf, Hamid Sultan Abu Backer JJCA
(Civil Procedure; Land Law - Appeal against judicial review by High Court - Acquisition of land - Whether State Authority exceeded jurisdiction [2016] 1 CLJ 254 [CA]

HIGH COURT

Anina Saadudin v. Datuk Seri Tengku Adnan Tengku Mansor & Anor
S Nantha Balan JC
(Civil Procedure - Striking out - Plaintiff expelled from being member of United Malays National Organisation ('UMNO') - Whether courts had jurisdiction to hear matters relating to disputes in political parties) [2016] 1 CLJ 266 [HC]

Kluang Health Care Sdn Bhd v. Lee Yong Beng & Another Case
Mary Lim J
(Arbitration; Limitation - Award - Setting aside - Disputes arising from building contract - Whether arbitrator exceeded jurisdiction and acted outside scope of arbitral authority) [2016] 1 CLJ 281 [HC]

PP v. Kamal Hisham Ja'afar
Mohd Sofian Razak J
(Criminal Procedure - Invocation of revisionary powers to examine correctness and legality of grant of bail) [2016] 1 CLJ 303 [HC]

Xin Guan Premier Sdn Bhd v. Tenaga Nasional Bhd
Mohd Nazlan Mohd Ghazali JC
(Civil Procedure; Utilities; Statutory Interpretation - Injunction to restrain disconnection of electricity supply - Discovery of meter-tampering - Whether electricity could be disconnected after remedial work had been carried out) [2016] 1 CLJ 318 [HC]

Yu Sheng Meng (Suing Through Next Of Kin, Yu Meng Queng) v. Ketua Pengarah Pendaftaran Negara & Ors
Asmabi Mohamad J
(Constitutional Law; Civil Procedure - Citizenship by operation of law - Whether arts. 14(1)(b) and 15(2) of Federal Constitution could be invoked to claim citizenship - Whether only Federal Government has sole discretion to grant citizenship) [2016] 1 CLJ 336 [HC]

SUBJECT INDEX

ARBITRATION

Award - Question of law - Reference under s. 42 of Arbitration Act 2005 - Contract for construction of solid waste treatment plant - Whether commercial contract - Whether Absalom exception applicable to delimit scope of references on questions of law - Determination of what amounted to 'question of law' - Test for determining whether judge should intervene with findings of arbitrator - Whether judge erred in varying arbitrator's decision on damages
Chain Cycle Sdn Bhd v. Kerajaan Malaysia
(Lim Yee Lan, Varghese George, Idrus Harun JJCA) [2016] 1 CLJ 218 [CA]

Award - Setting aside - Application for - Disputes arising from building contract - Claims for supply of materials, structural and architectural works - Counterclaim for back charges for works done by third party and for liquidated and ascertained damages - Whether award made by arbitrator against Malaysian public policy - Whether contained decision on matters beyond scope of submission to arbitration - Whether arbitrator exceeded jurisdiction and acted outside scope of arbitral authority - Whether application to set aside arbitration award filed within time - Arbitration Act 2005, ss. 37 & 42
Kluang Health Care Sdn Bhd v. Lee Yong Beng & Another Case
(Mary Lim J) [2016] 1 CLJ 281 [HC]

BANKING

Banking facility - Islamic financing - Bai' al-inah - Asset sale agreement and asset purchase agreement - Recovery of money due and payable - Failure to state asset used in transaction - Whether bai' al-inah contract in compliance with Syariah principle of financing
FLH ICT Services Sdn Bhd & Anor v. Malaysian Debt Ventures Bhd
(Varghese George, Ahmadi Asnawi, Prasad Sandosham Abraham JJCA) [2016] 1 CLJ 243 [CA]

CIVIL PROCEDURE

Appeal - Appeal against judgment of High Court - Banking facility - Islamic financing - Bai' al-inah - Asset sale agreement and asset purchase agreement - Recovery of money due and payable - Failure to state asset used in transaction - Whether bai' al-inah contract in compliance with Syariah principle of financing
FLH ICT Services Sdn Bhd & Anor v. Malaysian Debt Ventures Bhd
(Varghese George, Ahmadi Asnawi, Prasad Sandosham Abraham JJCA) [2016] 1 CLJ 243 [CA]

Courts - Jurisdiction - Originating summons for declaration that plaintiff was Malaysian citizen under Federal Constitution - Whether only Federal Government has sole discretion to grant citizenship by way of registration under art. 15A of Federal Constitution - Whether relief sought under art. 15A of Federal Constitution non-justiciable - Granting of citizenship based on policies of Federal Government - Whether court has jurisdiction to assess policy considerations
Yu Sheng Meng (Suing Through Next Of Kin, Yu Meng Queng) v. Ketua Pengarah Pendaftaran Negara & Ors
(Asmabi Mohamad J) [2016] 1 CLJ 336 [HC]

Injunction - Application for - Injunction to restrain disconnection of electricity supply - Discovery of meter-tampering - Meter replaced with new one - Notice of disconnection issued three months after discovery and rectification - Whether electricity could be disconnected after remedial work had been carried out - Whether offence continuous - Electricity Supply Act 1990, s. 38(1)
Xin Guan Premier Sdn Bhd v. Tenaga Nasional Bhd
(Mohd Nazlan Mohd Ghazali JC) [2016] 1 CLJ 318 [HC]

Judicial review - Application for - Appeal against judicial review by High Court - Acquisition of land for purpose of upgrading transmission line - Landowners dissatisfied over compensation awarded by District Land Officer - Landowners appealed to State Authority against decision of District Land Officer - State Authority ordered acquisition of lands under Land Acquisition Act 1960 and refused to review amount of compensation awarded - Whether State Authority exceeded its jurisdiction in making order of acquisition under s. 13 of Electricity Supply Act 1990 - Whether Statutory Authority permitted to make such order under law
I&P Seriemas Sdn Bhd & Anor v. Tenaga Nasional Bhd & Ors
(Mohd Hishamudin Yunus, Rohana Yusuf, Hamid Sultan Abu Backer JJCA) [2016] 1 CLJ 254 [CA]

Striking out - Action - Application for - Plaintiff expelled from being member of United Malays National Organisation ('UMNO') pursuant to clause in Constitution of UMNO - Dispute pertaining to plaintiff's expulsion or cessation of membership in UMNO - Whether plaintiff's membership automatically invalidated upon filing of legal action relating to party - Whether courts had jurisdiction to hear matters relating to disputes in political parties - Whether court had jurisdiction to hear dispute concerning plaintiff's expulsion or cessation as member of UMNO - Societies Act 1966, s. 18C - Applicability
Anina Saadudin v. Datuk Seri Tengku Adnan Tengku Mansor & Anor (S Nantha Balan JC) [2016] 1 CLJ 266 [HC]

Striking out - Application for - Originating summons - Whether arts. 14(1)(b) and 15(2) of Federal Constitution could be invoked by plaintiff to claim citizenship by operation of law - Whether only Federal Government has sole discretion to grant citizenship by way of registration under art. 15A of Federal Constitution - Whether order applied for by plaintiff frivolous and vexatious - Whether court should exercise its power under O. 18 r. 19 of Rules of Court 2012
Yu Sheng Meng (Suing Through Next Of Kin, Yu Meng Queng) v. Ketua Pengarah Pendaftaran Negara & Ors
(Asmabi Mohamad J) [2016] 1 CLJ 336 [HC]

CONSTITUTIONAL LAW

Citizenship - Citizenship by operation of law - Plaintiff born to Malaysian father and Indonesian mother registered as non-citizen in birth certificate - Plaintiff adopted by adopter - Originating summons for declaration that plaintiff was Malaysian citizen under Federal Constitution - Requirements under art. 14(1)(b) of Federal Constitution - Whether fulfilled - Whether adoption order had implication on citizenship of adopted child - Adopter not lawful parent within meaning of art. 14 of Federal Constitution - Plaintiff's biological parents not legally married - Whether plaintiff illegitimate person under law - Legitimacy Act 1961, s. 3 - Whether plaintiff's citizen status could be considered under art. 15(2) of Federal Constitution - Whether plaintiff's application for declarations unsustainable
Yu Sheng Meng (Suing Through Next Of Kin, Yu Meng Queng) v. Ketua Pengarah Pendaftaran Negara & Ors
(Asmabi Mohamad J) [2016] 1 CLJ 336 [HC]

CONTRACT

Construction of terms of contract - Approach to question of construction - Termination of contract - Grounds of termination - 'Unable to perform its services as provided under the agreement' - Whether includes 'unsatisfactory performance' - Whether 'unable' meant failure to perform or 'incapacity' - Whether unsatisfactory performance wider than inability to perform services
SPM Membrane Switch Sdn Bhd v. Kerajaan Negeri Selangor
(Ahmad Maarop, Hasan Lah, Zainun Ali, Jeffrey Tan, Ramly Ali FCJJ) [2016] 1 CLJ 177 [FC]

Damages - Breach - Loss of profit - Assessment of - Aggrieved party to be put in same position as if contract had been properly performed - Whether calculation provided reflected principles of compensation for loss of profits - Contracts Act 1950, s. 74
SPM Membrane Switch Sdn Bhd v. Kerajaan Negeri Selangor
(Ahmad Maarop, Hasan Lah, Zainun Ali, Jeffrey Tan, Ramly Ali FCJJ) [2016] 1 CLJ 177 [FC]

Termination - Notice of termination - Acceptance of termination - Failure to provide reasons for termination - Purported 'graceful acceptance' of notice of termination - Whether rendered notice of reasons to be superfluous and unnecessary - Whether extinguished legal rights
SPM Membrane Switch Sdn Bhd v. Kerajaan Negeri Selangor
(Ahmad Maarop, Hasan Lah, Zainun Ali, Jeffrey Tan, Ramly Ali FCJJ) [2016] 1 CLJ 177 [FC]

Termination - Validity - Notice of termination by respondent - Whether particularised reasons provided - Clause in agreement providing procedure to 'remedy unsatisfactory situation' in 30 days - Whether appellant given opportunity to remedy unsatisfactory performance - Whether respondent could terminate unilaterally - Whether notice of termination valid
SPM Membrane Switch Sdn Bhd v. Kerajaan Negeri Selangor
(Ahmad Maarop, Hasan Lah, Zainun Ali, Jeffrey Tan, Ramly Ali FCJJ) [2016] 1 CLJ 177 [FC]

CRIMINAL PROCEDURE

Bail - Granting of - Invocation of revisionary powers to examine correctness and legality of grant of bail - Whether non-bailable offence - Entitlement of bail as of right - Whether discretion to grant bail exercised judiciously - Whether record of proceedings and exhibits supported revocation of grant of bail
PP v. Kamal Hisham Ja'afar
(Mohd Sofian Razak J) [2016] 1 CLJ 303 [HC]

Revision - Revisionary powers of High Court Judge - Invocation of revisionary powers to examine correctness and legality of grant of bail - Whether powers of High Court in revision wider than powers on appeal - Whether exercised to correct miscarriage of justice - Whether non-bailable offence - Whether record of proceedings and exhibits supported revocation of grant of bail - Criminal Procedure Code, ss. 323 & 325
PP v. Kamal Hisham Ja'afar
(Mohd Sofian Razak J) [2016] 1 CLJ 303 [HC]

LAND LAW

Acquisition of land - Compensation - Land acquisition for purpose of upgrading transmission line - Appeal by landowners to State Authority against compensation awarded by District Land Officer - State Authority ordered acquisition of lands under Land Acquisition Act 1960 and refused to review amount of compensation awarded - Whether State Authority exceeded its jurisdiction in making order of acquisition under s. 13 of Electricity Supply Act 1990 - Whether Statutory Authority permitted to make such order under law - Whether project entailed installation of new lines over lands or mere upgrading - Electricity Supply Act 1990, ss. 2, 11, 13, 16 & 19
I&P Seriemas Sdn Bhd & Anor v. Tenaga Nasional Bhd & Ors
(Mohd Hishamudin Yunus, Rohana Yusuf, Hamid Sultan Abu Backer JJCA) [2016] 1 CLJ 254 [CA]

LIMITATION

Arbitration - Awards - Application to set aside arbitration award - Disputes arising from building contract - Claims for supply of materials, structural and architectural works - Counterclaim for back charges for works done by third party and for liquidated and ascertained damages - Whether application to set aside arbitration award filed within time - Whether court had jurisdiction to extend time - Arbitration Act 2005, ss. 37 & 42
Kluang Health Care Sdn Bhd v. Lee Yong Beng & Another Case
(Mary Lim J) [2016] 1 CLJ 281 [HC]

STATUTORY INTERPRETATION

Construction - Powers given by Act - Interpretation of s. 38(1) of Electricity Supply Act 1990 - Notice of disconnection of electricity supply issued three months after discovery and rectification - Whether offence continuous - Whether defendant could invoke power to disconnect where there was no longer tampering or theft of electricity
Xin Guan Premier Sdn Bhd v. Tenaga Nasional Bhd
(Mohd Nazlan Mohd Ghazali JC) [2016] 1 CLJ 318 [HC]

UTILITIES

Electricity - Disconnection - Discovery of meter-tampering - Meter replaced with new one - Notice of disconnection of electricity supply issued three months after discovery and rectification - Whether there was urgent need to disconnect electricity supply - Whether offence continuous - Whether electricity could be disconnected after remedial work had been carried out - Electricity Supply Act 1990, s. 38(1)
Xin Guan Premier Sdn Bhd v. Tenaga Nasional Bhd
(Mohd Nazlan Mohd Ghazali JC) [2016] 1 CLJ 318 [HC]

WORDS & PHRASES

'Unable to perform its services as provided under the agreement' - Whether includes 'unsatisfactory performance' - Whether 'unable' meant failure to perform or 'incapacity' - Whether unsatisfactory performance wider than inability to perform services
SPM Membrane Switch Sdn Bhd v. Kerajaan Negeri Selangor
(Ahmad Maarop, Hasan Lah, Zainun Ali, Jeffrey Tan, Ramly Ali FCJJ) [2016] 1 CLJ 177 [FC]


CLJ 2016 Volume 1 (Part 3)

FEDERAL COURT

Munuswamy Sundar Raj v. PP
Suriyadi Halim Omar, Ahmad Maarop, Jeffrey Tan, Abu Samah Nordin, Ramly Ali FCJJ
(Criminal Law; Criminal Procedure - Whether Dangerous Drugs Act 1952 caters for defence of innocent carrier - Whether defence known to law) [2016] 1 CLJ 357 [FC]

COURT OF APPEAL

Nguyen Quoc Viet v. PP
Mohtarudin Baki, Ahmadi Asnawi, Abdul Rahman Sebli JJCA
(Criminal Procedure; Evidence - Statement - Unsworn statement from dock - Whether unsworn statement carried weight) [2016] 1 CLJ 365 [CA]

Pathmanabhan Nalliannen v. PP & Other Appeals
Aziah Ali, Tengku Maimun Tuan Mat, Zakaria Sam JJCA
(Criminal Law; Evidence - Previous inconsistent statement - Whether evidence of prior conviction admissible in separate criminal proceedings) [2016] 1 CLJ 377 [CA]

Zen Courts Sdn Bhd v. Bukit Jalil Development Sdn Bhd & Ors And Another Appeal
Zaharah Ibrahim, David Wong Dak Wah, Varghese George JJCA
(Company Law - Shares - Valuation - Sale of Shares - Allegation of minority oppression) [2016] 1 CLJ 420 [CA]

HIGH COURT

Aidiladha Sulaiman v. Mahkamah Perusahaan Malaysia & Anor
Mohd Nazlan Mohd Ghazali JC
(Administrative Law; Employment; Labour Law - Employment - Constructive dismissal - Whether employee's acts amounted to misconduct - Whether punishment of demotion proportionate to misconduct) [2016] 1 CLJ 439 [HC]

Dato' Capt Mohd Najib Abdullah v. Natarjaya Sdn Bhd & Ors
Azizul Azmi Adnan JC
(Land Law - Indefeasibility of title and interests - Fraud - Property purchased from developer - Developer sold property to third party for second time after issuance of strata titles - Whether third party was bona fide purchaser) [2016] 1 CLJ 461 [HC]

Kejuruteraan Letrik Man Hoe Sdn Bhd v. Max-Benefit Sdn Bhd; Metroplex Equity Holdings Sdn Bhd (Applicant)
Abu Bakar Jais JC
(Civil Procedure - Striking out - Failure of applicant to take contempt proceedings against liquidator in earlier proceeding when impugned statement had been alluded to - Whether against principle of res judicata) [2016] 1 CLJ 480 [HC]

Sarawak Forestry Department v. Sin Lee Lee Timber (1979) Co
Alwi Abdul Wahab JC
(Forestry - Seizure - Seizure of lorries - Whether lorries can be released pursuant to s. 407(2) of Criminal Procedure Code when there is specific provision under s. 74(1) of Forestry Ordinance (Cap 126) (Sarawak)) [2016] 1 CLJ 491 [HC]

Silver Bird Group Bhd & Ors v. Dato' Tan Han Kook & Ors
Azizah Nawawi J
(Evidence; Civil Procedure - Trial - Recall of witness after close of case - Discretion of court) [2016] 1 CLJ 494 [HC]

The Bank Of Nova Scotia Bhd v. Saunah Kasni & Ors
Lim Chong Fong JC
(Land Law; Public Authorities - Indefeasibility of title and interests - Whether transfer of property procured by fraud and/or forgery - National Land Code) [2016] 1 CLJ 505 [HC]

SUBJECT INDEX

ADMINISTRATIVE LAW

Judicial review - High Court - Certiorari - Findings of Industrial Court - Failure of Industrial Court to properly consider totality of evidence and relevant facts - Whether decision reasonable - Whether Industrial Court committed errors of law warranting intervention
Aidiladha Sulaiman v. Mahkamah Perusahaan Malaysia & Anor
(Mohd Nazlan Mohd Ghazali JC) [2016] 1 CLJ 439 [HC]

CIVIL PROCEDURE

Contempt of court - Order of committal, application for - Statement made by appointed liquidator in affidavit - Whether intended to be false and misleading - Failure to appreciate meaning of word 'potentially' in statement - Whether mens rea proven against liquidator - Whether there was interference with administration of justice - Whether application allowed
Kejuruteraan Letrik Man Hoe Sdn Bhd v. Max-Benefit Sdn Bhd; Metroplex Equity Holdings Sdn Bhd (Applicant)
(Abu Bakar Jais JC) [2016] 1 CLJ 480 [HC]

Striking out - Application for - Doctrine of res judicata - Whether applicable - Failure of applicant to take contempt proceedings against liquidator in earlier proceeding when impugned statement had been alluded to - Whether against principle of res judicata - Whether application allowed
Kejuruteraan Letrik Man Hoe Sdn Bhd v. Max-Benefit Sdn Bhd; Metroplex Equity Holdings Sdn Bhd (Applicant)
(Abu Bakar Jais JC) [2016] 1 CLJ 480 [HC]

Trial - Recall of witness after close of case - Recalling of witnesses for purpose of tendering documents - Discretion of court
Silver Bird Group Bhd & Ors v. Dato' Tan Han Kook & Ors
(Azizah Nawawi J) [2016] 1 CLJ 494 [HC]

COMPANY LAW

Shares - Sale of shares - Allegation of minority oppression in affairs and management of company - Order for buy-out of shares - Appointment of independent valuer to determine price of shares - Application by minority shareholder seeking representations be made on valuation report - Determination of final value by court - Whether order of court precluded parties from challenging valuation report - Whether independent valuer gave sufficient regard to valuation done by another valuer - Companies Act 1965, s. 181
Zen Courts Sdn Bhd v. Bukit Jalil Development Sdn Bhd & Ors And Another Appeal
(Zaharah Ibrahim, David Wong Dak Wah, Varghese George JJCA) [2016] 1 CLJ 420 [CA]

Shares - Valuation - Sale of Shares - Allegation of minority oppression - Order for buy-out of shares - Appointment of independent valuer to determine price of shares - Determination of final value by court - Whether order of court precluded parties from challenging valuation report - Whether independent valuer gave sufficient regard to valuation done by another valuer
Zen Courts Sdn Bhd v. Bukit Jalil Development Sdn Bhd & Ors And Another Appeal
(Zaharah Ibrahim, David Wong Dak Wah, Varghese George JJCA) [2016] 1 CLJ 420 [CA]

CRIMINAL LAW

Dangerous Drugs Act 1952 - Section 39B(1)(a) - Accused person convicted for offence of trafficking dangerous drugs and sentenced to death - Drugs found in bag - Whether accused person had knowledge of drugs found in bag - Whether ingredient of trafficking proved - Whether conviction and sentence safe
Munuswamy Sundar Raj v. PP
(Suriyadi Halim Omar, Ahmad Maarop, Jeffrey Tan, Abu Samah Nordin, Ramly Ali FCJJ) [2016] 1 CLJ 357 [FC]

Penal Code - Section 302 - Murder - Common intention - Whether established - Whether trial judge had correctly called for defence - Whether combination of direct and circumstantial evidence established guilt of accused persons - Whether inferences from fact and circumstances led to conclusion that appellants were perpetrators of murders
Pathmanabhan Nalliannen v. PP & Other Appeals
(Aziah Ali, Tengku Maimun Tuan Mat, Zakaria Sam JJCA) [2016] 1 CLJ 377 [CA]

CRIMINAL PROCEDURE

Appeal - Appeal against conviction and sentence - Accused person convicted for murder and sentenced to death - Penal Code, s. 302 - Whether accused person had motive to murder deceased - Whether defence bare denial and afterthought - Whether defence cast reasonable doubt on prosecution's case - Whether conviction and sentence safe
Nguyen Quoc Viet v. PP
(Mohtarudin Baki, Ahmadi Asnawi, Abdul Rahman Sebli JJCA) [2016] 1 CLJ 365 [CA]

Appeal - Appeal against conviction and sentence - Accused person convicted for offence of trafficking dangerous drugs and sentenced to death - Dangerous Drugs Act 1952, s. 39B(1)(a) - Drugs found in bag - Whether accused person had knowledge of drugs found in bag - Whether ingredient of trafficking proved - Defence of innocent carrier - Whether substantiated - Whether Dangerous Drugs Act 1952 caters for defence of innocent carrier - Whether defence known to law
Munuswamy Sundar Raj v. PP
(Suriyadi Halim Omar, Ahmad Maarop, Jeffrey Tan, Abu Samah Nordin, Ramly Ali FCJJ) [2016] 1 CLJ 357 [FC]

EMPLOYMENT

Contract of employment - Misconduct - Demotion of employee - Whether reduction in position must not be lower than from which employee was last promoted
Aidiladha Sulaiman v. Mahkamah Perusahaan Malaysia & Anor
(Mohd Nazlan Mohd Ghazali JC) [2016] 1 CLJ 439 [HC]

EVIDENCE

Adverse inference - Non-calling of material witness - Failure of prosecution to call material witness - Accused person convicted for murder and sentenced to death - Five people were present at crime scene but none were called to testify - Whether adverse inference ought to be invoked - Evidence Act 1950, s. 114(g)
Nguyen Quoc Viet v. PP
(Mohtarudin Baki, Ahmadi Asnawi, Abdul Rahman Sebli JJCA) [2016] 1 CLJ 365 [CA]

Circumstantial evidence - Murder - Accused person convicted for murder and sentenced to death - Accused person was wearing t-shirt with blood stains on collar when arrested - Knife found near deceased's body - Whether circumstantial evidence could link accused person to murder - Whether sufficient to sustain finding that accused person committed offence
Nguyen Quoc Viet v. PP
(Mohtarudin Baki, Ahmadi Asnawi, Abdul Rahman Sebli JJCA) [2016] 1 CLJ 365 [CA]

Credibility - Assessment of - Witness under witness protection programme - Whether reason to reject evidence - Whether evidence of witness supported in material particulars by other direct and circumstantial evidence
Pathmanabhan Nalliannen v. PP & Other Appeals
(Aziah Ali, Tengku Maimun Tuan Mat, Zakaria Sam JJCA) [2016] 1 CLJ 377 [CA]

Exhibit - Admissibility - Previous inconsistent statement - Whether evidence of prior conviction admissible in separate criminal proceedings - Whether statement admissible under s. 35 of Evidence Act 1950 - Whether regarded as judicial records - Whether availability of witnesses negated admissibility of exhibits - Whether exhibits correctly admitted - Evidence Act 1950, ss. 11(b), 17, 33 & 74
Pathmanabhan Nalliannen v. PP & Other Appeals
(Aziah Ali, Tengku Maimun Tuan Mat, Zakaria Sam JJCA) [2016] 1 CLJ 377 [CA]

Information leading to facts discovered - Information leading to discovery - Whether discovery was a consequence of information given by accused persons - Whether police had prior knowledge of locations where discoveries were made - Whether discoveries would not have been made if not for information by accused persons - Whether joint statement by one or more accused persons ought to be excluded - Evidence Act 1920, s. 27
Pathmanabhan Nalliannen v. PP & Other Appeals
(Aziah Ali, Tengku Maimun Tuan Mat, Zakaria Sam JJCA) [2016] 1 CLJ 377 [CA]

Statement - Unsworn statement from dock - Accused person convicted for murder and sentenced to death - Penal Code, s. 302 - Accused person gave unsworn statement in defence - Whether unsworn statement carried weight
Nguyen Quoc Viet v. PP
(Mohtarudin Baki, Ahmadi Asnawi, Abdul Rahman Sebli JJCA) [2016] 1 CLJ 365 [CA]

Witness - Recalling of - Recalling of witnesses for purpose of tendering documents - Decision of Audit Oversight Board ('AOB proceedings') - Whether findings of AOB proceedings were judgments, orders and decrees - Whether fell within ambit of s. 43 of Evidence Act 1950 - Whether findings of AOB proceedings disciplinary in nature - Whether admissible - Whether plaintiffs took necessary steps or due diligence in obtaining documents
Silver Bird Group Bhd & Ors v. Dato' Tan Han Kook & Ors
(Azizah Nawawi J) [2016] 1 CLJ 494 [HC]

FORESTRY

Seizure - Seizure of lorries - Lorries seized by Sarawak Forestry Department - Application by owner for release and return of lorries made under s. 407 of Criminal Procedure Code - Whether provision correctly applied - Whether lorries can be released pursuant to s. 407(2) of Criminal Procedure Code when there is specific provision under s. 74(1) of Forestry Ordinance (Cap 126) (Sarawak)
Sarawak Forestry Department v. Sin Lee Lee Timber (1979) Co
(Alwi Abdul Wahab JC) [2016] 1 CLJ 491 [HC]

LABOUR LAW

Employment - Constructive dismissal - Demotion of employee - Employee received cash as token of appreciation for what was supposed to be free event - Issuance of unofficial receipt - Absence of policy guidelines on issuance of receipts - Whether employee's acts amounted to misconduct - Whether punishment of demotion proportionate to misconduct
Aidiladha Sulaiman v. Mahkamah Perusahaan Malaysia & Anor
(Mohd Nazlan Mohd Ghazali JC) [2016] 1 CLJ 439 [HC]

LAND LAW

Indefeasibility of title and interests - Forged transfer - Whether transfer of property by first defendant to second defendant defeasible - Whether discharge of charge defeasible - Whether fourth defendant's charge impugned - Whether transfer of property procured by fraud and/or forgery - Whether fourth defendant bona fide chargee for valuable consideration - National Land Code, s. 340(2), (3)
The Bank Of Nova Scotia Bhd v. Saunah Kasni & Ors
(Lim Chong Fong JC) [2016] 1 CLJ 505 [HC]

Indefeasibility of title and interests - Fraud - Property purchased from developer - Developer sold property to third party for second time after issuance of strata titles - Third party registered as proprietor - Lodgment of caveat on property - Subsequent sale by third party - Plaintiff never registered as proprietor of property - Whether plaintiff beneficial owner of property - Whether developer held property under trust for plaintiff - Applicability of s. 340 of National Land Code - Whether only former registered proprietor could challenge title of subsequent registered owner - Whether third party was bona fide purchaser
Dato' Capt Mohd Najib Abdullah v. Natarjaya Sdn Bhd & Ors
(Azizul Azmi Adnan JC) [2016] 1 CLJ 461 [HC]

PUBLIC AUTHORITIES

Registrar of Land Titles - Breach of statutory duty - Negligence - Whether Registrar of Land Titles negligent in issuing various versions of issue document of title - Whether Registrar of Land Titles breached duty of care - Whether plaintiff suffered loss and damage
The Bank Of Nova Scotia Bhd v. Saunah Kasni & Ors
(Lim Chong Fong JC) [2016] 1 CLJ 505 [HC]


ARTICLES

LNS Article(s)

  1. WHO IS THE MALAY?* [Read excerpt]
    by: ROSLI DAHLAN**
    MOHAMMAD AFIF BIN DAUD***
    [2016] 1 LNS(A) iii

  2. [2016] 1 LNS(A) iii
    logo
    MALAYSIA

    WHO IS THE MALAY?*
    by
    ROSLI DAHLAN**
    MOHAMMAD AFIF BIN DAUD***

    Malaysia has for several decades had an affirmative action policy in favour of the bumiputra peoples of Malaysia, a term generally understood to include the Malays of Peninsular Malaysia and the indigenous peoples of Sabah and Sarawak.

    Special position

    This policy is justified on the basis of several provisions in the Federal Constitution which accorded the Malay, as defined therein, a special position the protection of which was to be the responsibility of the Yang di-Pertuan Agong[1] by means of quotas in the public service, in government-funded scholarships, exhibitions, education and training, and in trade and business permits and licences required by law.[2]

    Most people understand the term Malay as referring to an ethnic group and therefore look askance at the Constitution as having a racial basis.

    We are suggesting that it does not.

    . . .

    * This article is reproduced, with permission, from the Legal Herald (November 2015 issue), a publication by Lee Hishammuddin Allen & Gledhill, Advocates & Solicitors, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.

    ** Rosli Dahlan (rd@lh-ag.com) heads the Corporate & Commercial Disputes Practice Group at Lee Hishammuddin Allen & Gledhill and regularly appears at the High Court and appellate courts on public law issues

    *** Mohammad Afif bin Daud (mad@lh-ag.com) is a holder of Bachelor of Legal Studies (Hons) (First Class) and Bachelor of Laws/LLB (Hons) (First Class) and is an Advocate & Solicitor of the High Court of Malaya. He is one of the contributing editors for The Malaysian Civil Procedure 2015 (Sweet & Maxwell).


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  3. THE PROFESSIONS: POWER, PRIVILEGE AND LEGAL LIABILITY* [Read excerpt]
    by: LORD JUSTICE JACKSON [2016] 1 LNS(A) iv

  4. [2016] 1 LNS(A) iv
    logo
    UNITED KINGDOM

    THE PROFESSIONS: POWER, PRIVILEGE AND LEGAL LIABILITY*
    by
    LORD JUSTICE JACKSON

    CONTENTS

    PAGES

    1. Introduction

    1 - 2

    2. What do lawyers say about the professions?

    2 - 3

    3. What do sociologists say about the professions?

    4 - 9

    (i) The altruism theory

     

    (ii) The new approach

    (iii) Comment

    4. Does the common law reflect the changing perception of the professions?

    10 - 15

    (i) Standard of care

     

    (ii) Professional immunity

    (iii) Concurrent liability

    (iv) Liability to third parties

    5. Analysis

    15 - 17

     

    1.     INTRODUCTION

    1.1.  This year marks the 25th anniversary of the Professional Negligence Bar Association (“PNBA”). The PNBA was formed in September 1990. Robin Stewart QC was the first Chairman. I was the first Vice-Chairman. Andrew Goodman was the first secretary and carried a huge burden of administration. Andrew served for seventeen years as secretary. His successor, Victoria Woodbridge, also carries a heavy burden of administration. If Victoria serves for the conventional seventeen year term, that will take us through to 2024.

    . . .

    * Lord Justice Jackson, Peter Taylor Memorial Lecture, The Professional Negligence Bar Association (PNBA Lecture, 21 April 2015). Published with kind permission of the Judicial Communications Office, Judiciary of England and Wales (https://www.judiciary.gov.uk/wp-content/uploads/2015/04/pnbalecture-_2_.pdf).


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CLJ Article(s)

  1. THE IMPACT OF MALAYSIAN AIRLINE SYSTEM BERHAD (ADMINISTRATION) ACT 2015 TO WORKERS AND TRADE UNIONS [Read excerpt]
    by: ARUN KUMAR* [2016] 1 CLJ(A) v

  2. [2016] 1 CLJ(A) v
    logo
    MALAYSIA

    THE IMPACT OF MALAYSIAN AIRLINE SYSTEM BERHAD (ADMINISTRATION)
    ACT 2015 TO WORKERS AND TRADE UNIONS

    by
    ARUN KUMAR*

    In this article, the writer examines the impact of the Malaysian Airline System Berhad (Administration) Act 2015 ('the MAS Act') on workers and trade unions in Malaysian Airline System Berhad ('MAS').

    Introduction

    The MAS Act received royal assent on 30 December 2014 and came into operation on 20 February 2015. If one looks at the preamble to the MAS Act, one will note that one of the purpose of the MAS Act is to provide an effective, efficient and seamless means to transition the business, property, rights, liabilities and affairs of MAS to the new entity, Malaysian Airline Berhad ('MAB'). In order to effect this transition, an administrator was appointed on 25 May 2015. In this article, we examine the powers of the administrator especially his powers under s. 11 of the MAS Act and to what extent those powers are compatible with the Federal Constitution of Malaysia ('FC'). We also examine s. 25 of the MAS Act which states that MAB is not to be regarded as successor, assignee or transferee of MAS and to what extent this would impact the right of the workers as well as the existing trade unions under MAS. This article would also examine s. 27 of the MAS Act which sets out the framework on how negotiations with trade unions is to take place and whether these provisions are compatible with the Trade Unions Act 1959 ('TUA'). In looking into the provisions mentioned above, we have confined ourselves with provisions which affect workers and trade unions and if the provisions are compatible with ILO Convention No 87.[1]

    Effect Of Appointment Of Administrator

    The effect of appointment of administrator would mean that workers and trade unions who have dismissal and trade dispute matters before the Industrial Court would have their proceedings stayed by virtue of the moratorium.[2] The period of moratorium could run up to two years.[3] Whilst these provisions conflicts sharply with the provision of s. 30(3) of the Industrial Relations Act 1967 ('IRA') which states that the court must make its award without delay, we must take note that the provisions under the MAS Act is not something which is entirely new. The Parliament had in 1998, in view of the Asian financial crisis, passed the Pengurusan Danaharta Nasional Berhad Act 1998 ('Danaharta Act') which also contained provision similar to s. 11(1)(e) of the MAS Act wherein any proceedings or execution of legal process can only be commenced or continued with the prior consent of the corporation.[4]

    . . .

    * The writer is an Advocate and Solicitor of the High Court of Malaya


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LEGISLATION HIGHLIGHTS

Principal Acts

Number Title In force from Repealing
ACT 773 Finance Act 2015 The Income Tax Act 1967 [Act 53] see s 3; The Petroleum (Income Tax) Act 1967 [Act 543] see s 33; The Real Property Gains Tax Act 1976 [Act 169] see s 39; The Labuan Business Activity Tax Act 1990 [Act 445] see s 44; The Goods and Services Tax Act 2014 [Act 762] see s 47; The Promotion of Investments Act 1986 [Act 327] see s 57 -
ACT 772 Animal Welfare Act 2015 Not Yet In Force -
ACT 771 Malaysian Aviation Commission Act 2015 Not Yet In Force -
ACT 770 Special Measures Against Terrorism In Foreign Countries Act 2015 15 June 2015 [PU(B) 250/2015] -
ACT 769 Prevention of Terrorism Act 2015 1 September 2015 [PU(B) 345/2015] -

Amending Acts

Number Title In force from Principal/Amending Act No
ACT A1503 Supply Act 2016 24 December 2015  
ACT A1502 Development Financial Institutions (Amendment) Act 2015 Not Yet In Force ACT 618
ACT A1501 Electricity Supply (Amendment) Act 2015 1 January 2016 [PU(B) 501/2015] ACT 447
ACT A1500 Anti-Trafficking In Persons and Anti-Smuggling of Migrants (Amendment) Act 2015 18 November 2015 [PU(B) 460/2015] ACT 670
ACT A1499 Capital Markets and Services (Amendment) Act 2015 15 September 2015 [PU(B) 369/2015] ACT 671

PU(A)

Number Title Date of Publication In force from Principal/ Amending Act No
PU(A) 3/2016 Federal Roads (Private Management) (Collection of Tolls) (Maju Expressway Highway) Order 2016 12 January 2016 13 January 2016 ACT 306
PU(A) 2/2016 Pembangunan Sumber Manusia Berhad (Registration of Employers and Payment of Levy) (Amendment) Regulations 2016 8 January 2016 8 January 2016 PU(A) 141/2001
PU(A) 1/2016 Optical (Amendment of Second Schedule) Order 2016 7 January 2016 8 January 2016 ACT 469
PU(A) 323/2015 Passports (Visa To The Citizen of The Republic of Serbia) (Exemption) Order 2015 31 December 2015 1 January 2016 to 31 December 2016 ACT 150
PU(A) 322/2015 Customs (Values of Imported Completely Built-Up Motor Vehicles) (New) (Amendment) Order 2015 31 December2015 31 December 2015 PU(A) 108/2006

PU(B)

Number Title Date of Publication In force from Principal/ Amending Act No
PU(B) 12/2016 Designation Under Paragraph 5(1)(b) 14 January 2016 Specified in column (2) of the Schedule ACT 349
PU(B) 11/2016 Appointment and Revocation of Appointment of Federal Lands Commissioner 14 January 2016 20 September 2015 ACT 349
PU(B) 10/2016 Appointment of Date of Coming Into Operation 14 January 2016 18 January 2016 ACT A1494
PU(B) 9/2016 Notice of Vacancy of Elected Office In The Malaysian Medical Council 13 January 2016 18 June 2016 PU(A) 68/1974
PU(B) 8/2016 Appointment of Date of Coming Into Operation 11 January 2016 15 January 2016 ACT A1474

Legislation Alert

Updated

Act/Principal No. Title Amended by In force from Section amended
ACT 45 Judges' Remuneration Act 1971 ACT A1494 18 January 2016 [PU(B) 10/2016] Section 13
ACT 537 Prison Act 1995 ACT A1474 15 January 2016 [PU(B) 8/2016] Sections 2, 10, 11, 13, Part IVB and First Schedule
PU(A) 250/2007 Federal Roads (Private Management) (Collection of Tolls) (East Coast Expressway-Phase 1) Order 2007 PU(A) 313/2015 1 January 2016 First Schedule
PU(A) 491/2009 Customs (Import Licence Fee For Motor Vehicle) Regulations 2009 PU(A) 319/2015 31 December 2015 Regulations 1 and 2; Schedule
ACT 469 Optical Act 1991 PU(A) 1/2016 8 January 2016 Second Schedule

Revoked

Act/Principal No. Title Revoked by In force from
PU(B) 506/2011 Appointment and Revocation of Appointment of Federal Lands Commissioners PU(B) 11/2016 20 September 2015
PU(A) 15/2008 Federal Roads (Private Management) (Collection of Tolls) (Maju Expressway Highway) Order 2008 PU(A) 3/2016 13 January 2016
PU(A) 479/2009 Approved Laboratories Order 2009 PU(A) 320/2015 31 December 2015
PU(B) 436/2014 Notice of Designation of Site As Heritage Site PU(B) 499/2015 Specified in column (5) of the Schedule
PU(A) 390/2001 Malaysian Rubber Board (Establishment of Corporation) (RRIM-Consult Corporation) Order 2001 PU(A) 266/2015 15 November 2015