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CLJ Bulletin, Issue 2016, Vol 28
14 July 2016


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New This Week

1. Case(s) of the Week

  1. SHALINI KANAGARATNAM v. PUSAT PERUBATAN UNIVERSITI MALAYA & ANOR [2016] 6 CLJ 225

  2. KF PACKAGING (M) SDN BHD lwn. SDS BAKERIES SDN BHD [2016] 1 SMC 173

2. Latest Cases

  1. Legal Network Series

  2. CLJ 2016 Volume 6 (Part 2)

3. Articles

  1. LNS Article(s)

  2. CLJ Article(s)

4. Legislation Highlights

  1. Principal Acts

  2. Amending Acts

  3. PU(A)

  4. PU(B)

  5. Legislation Alert

Search Guide No. 5
Multiple Exact Phrase and an OR combination

Finds cases with either ONE of the exact phrases keyed in the Search Term column.

Add quotation marks "xx" before and after each search phrase. Each phrase is to be separated by a space. Key in "/" in between the exact phrases. Include a space before and after "/".

Example:-

"more than 50 times" / "more than fifty times" will find all the cases containing either one or both the phrases.



CASE(S) OF THE WEEK

SHALINI KANAGARATNAM v. PUSAT PERUBATAN UNIVERSITI MALAYA & ANOR [2016] 6 CLJ 225
COURT OF APPEAL, PUTRAJAYA
HAMID SULTAN ABU BACKER JCA, BADARIAH SAHAMID JCA, ABDUL RAHMAN SEBLI JCA
[CIVIL APPEAL NO: W-02-2017-09-2013]
12 MAY 2016

TORT: Negligence - Medical negligence - Duty of care - Standard of care - Doctrine of res ipsa loquitur - Whether maxim applied in medical negligence cases


KF PACKAGING (M) SDN BHD lwn. SDS BAKERIES SDN BHD [2016] 1 SMC 173
MAHKAMAH SESYEN, JOHOR BAHRU
SOHAINI ALIAS HS
[GUAMAN SIVIL NO: A52NCVC-90-07-2014]
9 APRIL 2015

JUALAN BARANGAN: Barangan dijual dan dihantar serah - Kegagalan membayar - Tuntutan untuk - Plaintif mengilang dan mencetak beg plastik roti - Kecacatan dikesan atas beg plastik yang diserah kepada defendan - Sama ada beg plastik roti yang diserah tidak berkualiti dan tidak boleh diperdagangkan - Sama ada plaintif memungkiri terma tersirat di bawah s. 16 Akta Jualan Barangan 1957 - Sama ada plaintif mengambil langkah-langkah terhadap aduan defendan - Sama ada kos penyimpanan beg plastik di dalam gudang boleh dituntut - Sama ada tuntutan plaintif dibenarkan 

To view a sample of the Sessions and Magistrates' Cases journal, click here. For product enquiries, contact priority@cljlaw.com.


LATEST CASES

Legal Network Series

[2015] 1 LNS 368

ECO ASIA MINING lwn. CREAMAX SDN BHD

GANTI RUGI: Taksiran - Ganti rugi khas - Tuntutan ganti rugi nilai barang - Sama ada tuntutan ganti rugi khas perlu dibuktikan secara ketat

GANTI RUGI: Taksiran - Kehilangan - Kehilangan pendapatan - Sama ada ganti rugi kehilangan pendapatan perlu dibuktikan secara ketat - Sama ada plaintif telah membuktikan defendan bertanggungan keatas tuntutan kehilangan pendapatan

KONTRAK: Pembentukan - Perjanjian yang sah dan terikat - Perjanjian usaha sama untuk menjalankan kerja melombong bijih timah - Perjanjian bersyarat - Kesinambungan ikatan hubungan kontrak antara pihak-pihak - Sama ada perjanjian telah terbentuk antara pihak-pihak - Sama ada pra-syarat perjanjian telah disempurnakan oleh pihak-pihak bagi membolehkan pihak-pihak terikat dengan perjanjian

PROSEDUR SIVIL: Tuntutan balas - Ganti rugi - Tuntutan ganti rugi am bagi kehilangan nama baik defendan akibat tindakan guaman yang telah dibawa oleh plaintif - Sama ada saksi-saksi telah dibawa oleh defendan untuk membuktikan dakwaan nama baik plaintif terjejas akibat tindakan guaman plaintif terhadap defendan

[2015] 1 LNS 377

EUROVAC MANAGEMENT SDN BHD & YANG LAIN lwn. OMAR LOKMAN & YANG LAIN

UNDANG-UNDANG SYARIKAT: Pengarah - Kemungkiran kewajipan - Penyelewengan dan salah guna kuasa oleh pengarah kewangan dan pemegang saham - Pemindahan dana syarikat ke dalam akaun peribadi pengarah tanpa resolusi syarikat - Perpindahan wang secara tidak sah - Sama ada terdapat pelanggaran s. 132 Akta Syarikat 1965 - Sama ada terdapat kemungkiran kewajipan

UNDANG-UNDANG SYARIKAT: Pengarah - Tugasan fidusiari - Pelanggaran tugasan fidusiari - Pemindahan wang syarikat ke dalam akaun peribadi tanpa resolusi syarikat - Sama ada pengarah syarikat mempunyai tugasan dan tanggungan yang amat berat dalam pengurusan dan operasi sesebuah syarikat - Sama ada terdapat pelanggaran tugasan fidusiari dengan jujur dan untuk manfaat syarikat

[2015] 1 LNS 871

YEK ASSOCIATES SDN BHD & ORS v. TAN CHONG YEW & ORS

COMPANY LAW: Shareholder action - Claim for amount contributed - Recovery of balance installments of banking loan with interest - Contribution by shareholder in respect of properties purchased by company - Amount due and owing reflected in balance sheet prepared by company secretary - Claim for interest as agreed in director's resolution - Whether there was amount due and owing to shareholders - Whether shareholder's entitled to claim for interest

[2015] 1 LNS 872

EAGLEBURGMANN (MALAYSIA) SDN BHD v. FABINA PROPERTIES SDN BHD & ORS

LAND LAW: Transfer - Fraud - Fraudulent transfer - Conduct of subsequent developer transferring factory lot purchased by prior purchaser to third party - Factory lot included as redeemed unit from abandoned project - Existence of written undertaking by subsequent developer not to deal with factory lot without consent of prior purchaser - Whether subsequent developer forbidden to sell factory lot to third party without consent of prior purchaser - Whether eventual registration of title of factory lot in name of third party was defeasible - National Land Code 1965, s. 340(2)(a)

TRUSTS: Constructive trust - Property - Factory lot included as a redeemed unit from abandoned project - Existence of written undertaking by subsequent developer not to deal with factory lot without consent of prior purchaser - Whether subsequent developer was constructive trustee of factory lot for prior purchaser as beneficiary - Whether subsequent purchaser for valuable consideration was also a constructive trustee for prior purchaser as beneficiary

LAND LAW: Title - Indefeasibility of title - Bona fide purchaser for valuable consideration - Effect of transfer by immediate transferor notwithstanding immediate transferee being bona fide purchaser for valuable consideration - Fraud committed by immediate transferor - Whether registered title of immediate transferee defeasible by reason of fraud committed by immediate transferor

[2015] 1 LNS 876

MOHD SHAAMIR MOHD IBRAHIM v. PP

CRIMINAL PROCEDURE: Appeal - Appeal against sentence - Custodial sentence - Appeal against period of imprisonment - Imposition of 8 years of imprisonment commencing from date of arrest - Offence of gang robbery armed with dangerous weapons - Whether sentence imposed by trial judge was excessive

CRIMINAL PROCEDURE: Sentencing - Deterrence - Reduction of period of imprisonment and increase of additional strokes of whipping - Public interest - Offence of gang robbery armed with dangerous weapons - Whether lengthy custodial sentence would serve as a deterrent punishment to accused - Whether reducing period of imprisonment and adding additional strokes of whipping would have a deterrent impact on accused and further serve as a warning to others


CLJ 2016 Volume 6 (Part 2)

 

FEDERAL COURT

Dato' Seri Anwar Ibrahim v. PP
Zulkefli Ahmad Makinudin CJ (Malaya), Richard Malanjum CJ (Sabah & Sarawak), Hasan Lah, Abu Samah Nordin, Zaharah Ibrahim FCJJ
(Evidence - Fresh or further evidence - Exceptional circumstances - Inherent jurisdiction) [2016] 6 CLJ 161 [FC]

Dynacast (Melaka) Sdn Bhd & Ors v. Vision Cast Sdn Bhd & Anor
Arifin Zakaria CJ, Zulkefli Ahmad Makinudin CJ (Malaya), Richard Malanjum CJ (Sabah & Sarawak), Abdull Hamid Embong, Zainun Ali FCJJ
(Contract; Intellectual Property; Civil Procedure - Fiduciary duties - Confidential information - Copyright) [2016] 6 CLJ 176 [FC]

COURT OF APPEAL

Kok Weng Tuck & Ors v. AmBank (M) Bhd
Alizatul Khair Osman, Tengku Maimun Tuan Mat, Abang Iskandar JJCA
(Legal Profession; Tort - Duty of care - Conveyancing - Negligence - Losses suffered by bank) [2016] 6 CLJ 196 [CA]

Menteri Kewangan & Anor v. Wincor Nixdorf (M) Sdn Bhd
Mohd Zawawi Salleh, Hamid Sultan Abu Backer, Zakaria Sam JJCA
(Administrative Law - Judicial review - Jurisdiction - Courts - Scope of review) [2016] 6 CLJ 215 [CA]

Shalini Kanagaratnam v. Pusat Perubatan Universiti Malaya & Anor
Hamid Sultan Abu Backer, Badariah Sahamid, Abdul Rahman Sebli JJCA
(Tort - Medical negligence - Res ipsa loquitur) [2016] 6 CLJ 225 [CA]

HIGH COURT

Azizan Ibrahim v. PP
Choo Kah Sing JC
(Criminal Procedure; Criminal Law; Evidence - Witness - Character - Victim's past sexual activity) [2016] 6 CLJ 240 [HC]

Jegathees Nagulan & Ors v. Suresh Balakrishnan & Anor
Kamaludin Md Said J
(Civil Procedure - Stay of execution - Special circumstances - Consequential order) [2016] 6 CLJ 253 [HC]

Mohamad Fauzi Che Rus v. JR Joint Resources Holdings Sdn Bhd
Azizul Azmi Adnan JC
(Contract; Evidence - Agreement - Claim for payment - Computer generated documents - Admissibility) [2016] 6 CLJ 266 [HC]

Ranhill E&C Sdn Bhd v. Thyssenkrupp Industries (M) Sdn Bhd & Anor
Lee Swee Seng J
(Contract; Civil Procedure - Call on bank guarantee - Interlocutory injunction) [2016] 6 CLJ 290 [HC]

SUBJECT INDEX

ADMINISTRATIVE LAW

Judicial review - Jurisdiction - Courts - Scope of review - Whether there was distinction between inferior tribunals and executive decision makers - Whether courts could substitute decision without remitting it for re-adjudication by decision maker - Whether executive decisions could be substituted by an order of court - Whether order of mandamus premature
Menteri Kewangan & Anor v. Wincor Nixdorf (M) Sdn Bhd
(Mohd Zawawi Salleh, Hamid Sultan Abu Backer, Zakaria Sam JJCA) [2016] 6 CLJ 215 [CA]

CIVIL PROCEDURE

Appeal - Appeal to Federal Court - Questions of law - Claim for breaches of confidentiality clauses in employment contract - Whether failed on account of vague and insufficient pleadings - Findings of courts below - Claims fought on facts and evidence - Whether Federal Court declined to answer questions raised
Dynacast (Melaka) Sdn Bhd & Ors v. Vision Cast Sdn Bhd & Anor
(Arifin Zakaria CJ, Zulkefli Ahmad Makinudin CJ (Malaya), Richard Malanjum CJ (Sabah & Sarawak), Abdull Hamid Embong, Zainun Ali FCJJ) [2016] 6 CLJ 176 [FC]

Injunction - Erinford injunction - Application pending appeal - Whether appeal would be rendered nugatory if injunction not ordered - Whether application for Erinford injunction ought to be allowed
Ranhill E&C Sdn Bhd v. Thyssenkrupp Industries (M) Sdn Bhd & Anor
(Lee Swee Seng J) [2016] 6 CLJ 290 [HC]

Injunction - Interlocutory injunction - Application to prevent call on bank guarantees - Whether plaintiff established prima facie case of unconscionability
Ranhill E&C Sdn Bhd v. Thyssenkrupp Industries (M) Sdn Bhd & Anor
(Lee Swee Seng J) [2016] 6 CLJ 290 [HC]

Judgments and orders - Order of court - Section 11 of Public Trust Corporation Act 1995 - Power of appointment of trustee, executor, administrator, guardian, next friend, agent, attorney, receiver and manager or liquidator - Whether only High Court has power to make order - Whether Sessions Court overstepped jurisdiction in granting order - Whether order by Sessions Court a nullity
Jegathees Nagulan & Ors v. Suresh Balakrishnan & Anor
(Kamaludin Md Said J) 253 [HC]

Stay - Stay of execution of judgment - Application for stay pending appeal - Whether special circumstances established - Whether difficulty in recovery of money constituted special circumstance - Whether consequential order subsequent to judgment operated as stay of execution
Jegathees Nagulan & Ors v. Suresh Balakrishnan & Anor
(Kamaludin Md Said J) [2016] 6 CLJ 253 [HC]

CONTRACT

Agreement - Claim for payment - Management of foreign workers for business undertakings - Plaintiff to be paid 30% of profits for procuring contracts from clients - Plaintiff subsequently employed by defendant as chief operating officer - Defendant's failure to pay plaintiff's share of profits under original agreement - Whether plaintiff entitled to claim for payment - Whether appointment of plaintiff as employee terminated original agreement - Whether there was conflict between obligations under original agreement and plaintiff's duty of fidelity as employee of defendant - Liability of defendant to make payment for plaintiff's share of profits - Whether defendant had obligation to do so
Mohamad Fauzi Che Rus v. JR Joint Resources Holdings Sdn Bhd
(Azizul Azmi Adnan JC) [2016] 6 CLJ 266 [HC]

Breach - Fiduciary duties - Confidential information - Enforceability of confidential clauses in employee's contract of employment - Claim for - Whether sufficient to merely state second defendant misappropriated private information from plaintiffs - Whether second defendant entitled to know details of confidential information allegedly misappropriated by him - Insufficient evaluation of evidence established at trial - Whether claim for breaches of confidentiality clauses failed on account of vague pleadings
Dynacast (Melaka) Sdn Bhd & Ors v. Vision Cast Sdn Bhd & Anor
(Arifin Zakaria CJ, Zulkefli Ahmad Makinudin CJ (Malaya), Richard Malanjum CJ (Sabah & Sarawak), Abdull Hamid Embong, Zainun Ali FCJJ) 176 [FC]

Guarantee - Bank guarantee - Call on bank guarantee - Injunctive reliefs to prevent call on guarantees - Whether plaintiff's works completed according to specifications - Whether defendant provided concrete reason for calling on bank guarantee - Whether plaintiff established prima facie case of unconscionability
Ranhill E&C Sdn Bhd v. Thyssenkrupp Industries (M) Sdn Bhd & Anor
(Lee Swee Seng J) [2016] 6 CLJ 290 [HC]

CRIMINAL LAW

Penal Code - Section 354 - Accused charged for assaulting or using criminal force against victim with intention of outraging her modesty - Whether allegation of kiss mark on victim's breast supported by medical report - Whether location where incident supposedly took place had corn plantation - Whether victim's story believable
Azizan Ibrahim v. PP
(Choo Kah Sing JC) [2016] 6 CLJ 240 [HC]

CRIMINAL PROCEDURE

Appeal - Appeal against conviction and sentence - Accused convicted for charge of assaulting or using criminal force against victim with intention of outraging her modesty - Accused sentenced to 12 months' imprisonment - Whether conviction and sentence safe - Penal Code, s. 354
Azizan Ibrahim v. PP
(Choo Kah Sing JC) [2016] 6 CLJ 240 [HC]

EVIDENCE

Documentary evidence - Computer generated documents - Admissibility of - Scope and effect - Non-production of s. 90A certificate - Whether fatal - Non-compliance with requirements under s. 90A Evidence Act 1950 - Whether computer generated evidence admissible - Mohd Khayry Ismail v. PP
Mohamad Fauzi Che Rus v. JR Joint Resources Holdings Sdn Bhd

(Azizul Azmi Adnan JC) [2016] 6 CLJ 266 [HC]

Fresh or further evidence - Application to adduce - Adducing of further evidence at hearing of review application under s. 93 Courts of Judicature Act 1964 - Oral testimony to show pre-arranged plan to frame applicant - Whether r. 137 Rules of the Federal Court 1995 confer upon Federal Court statutory or new jurisdiction to hear application to review its own decision - Whether fell within exceptional circumstances to justify exercise of inherent jurisdiction under r. 137 - Whether procedure for admission of additional evidence applicable specifically under jurisdiction of appellate court by means of rehearing and not through a reviewing process - Whether use of s. 93 tantamount to abuse of court process
Dato' Seri Anwar Ibrahim v. PP
(Zulkefli Ahmad Makinudin CJ (Malaya), Richard Malanjum CJ (Sabah & Sarawak), Hasan Lah, Abu Samah Nordin, Zaharah Ibrahim FCJJ) [2016] 6 CLJ 161 [FC]

Witness - Character - Bad character - Accused convicted for charge of assaulting or using criminal force against victim with intention of outraging modesty - Penal Code, s. 354 - Accused brought up victim's past sexual activity - Whether victim a truthful witness - Whether victim's past personal sexual activity should be used to measure her degree of truthfulness
Azizan Ibrahim v. PP
(Choo Kah Sing JC) [2016] 6 CLJ 240 [HC]

INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY

Copyright - Infringement - Ownership of copyright - Whether proven - Whether there were similarities in plaintiffs' promotional material and defendants' brochure - Copyright Act 1987, s. 26
Dynacast (Melaka) Sdn Bhd & Ors v. Vision Cast Sdn Bhd & Anor
(Arifin Zakaria CJ, Zulkefli Ahmad Makinudin CJ (Malaya), Richard Malanjum CJ (Sabah & Sarawak), Abdull Hamid Embong, Zainun Ali FCJJ) [2016] 6 CLJ 176 [FC]

LEGAL PROFESSION

Duty of care - Conveyancing - Duty of solicitor to client ('bank') - Failure to ascertain accurate verifications of vendor claiming to be land owner - Release of loan monies by bank to purchaser based on advice of solicitors - Losses suffered by bank due to inaccurate verifications and advice - Whether solicitor acted reasonably by employing freelance despatch to conduct verifications - Whether solicitor's duty of care should extend to tortious acts of third party wrongdoer
Kok Weng Tuck & Ors v. AmBank (M) Bhd
(Alizatul Khair Osman, Tengku Maimun Tuan Mat, Abang Iskandar JJCA) [2016] 6 CLJ 196 [CA]

TORT

Negligence - Medical negligence - Duty of care - Standard of care - Doctrine of res ipsa loquitur - Whether maxim applied in medical negligence cases
Shalini Kanagaratnam v. Pusat Perubatan Universiti Malaya & Anor
(Hamid Sultan Abu Backer, Badariah Sahamid, Abdul Rahman Sebli JJCA) [2016] 6 CLJ 225 [CA]

Negligence - Standard of care - Duty of solicitor to client ('bank') - Purchase of property - Failure to ascertain accurate verifications of vendor claiming to be land owner - Release of loan monies by bank to purchaser based on advice of solicitors - Losses suffered by bank due to inaccurate verifications and advice - Whether solicitor exercised requisite care and skill - Causation - But for test - Whether losses suffered direct and natural consequence of solicitor's negligence - Whether plaintiff contributorily negligent
Kok Weng Tuck & Ors v. AmBank (M) Bhd
(Alizatul Khair Osman, Tengku Maimun Tuan Mat, Abang Iskandar JJCA) [2016] 6 CLJ 196 [CA]


ARTICLES

LNS Article(s)

  1. DOKTOR DAN LIABILITI DALAM KES-KES KECUAIAN PERUBATAN: PENGECUALIAN LIABILITI DARI PERSPEKTIF HUKUM SYARA' [Read excerpt]
    by: MUHAMMAD HATTA*
    TENGKU NOOR AZIRA BINTI TENGKU ZAINUDIN**
    AHMAD AZAM MOHD SHARIFF***
    [2016] 1 LNS(A) lix

  2. [2016] 1 LNS(A) lix
    logo
    MALAYSIA

    DOKTOR DAN LIABILITI DALAM KES-KES KECUAIAN PERUBATAN:
    PENGECUALIAN LIABILITI DARI PERSPEKTIF HUKUM SYARA'

    by
    MUHAMMAD HATTA*
    TENGKU NOOR AZIRA BINTI TENGKU ZAINUDIN**
    AHMAD AZAM MOHD SHARIFF***

    Abstrak

    Kes Bolam v. Friern Hospital Management Committee telah sejak sekian lama menjadi kayu ukur dalam kes-kes kecuaian perubatan di Malaysia. Namun, selepas keputusan Mahkamah Persekutuan dalam kes Foo Fio Na v. Dr Foo Sook Mun & Anor pada tahun 2007, berlaku perubahan dan mahkamah di Malaysia kini tidak lagi mengutamakan ujian Bolam dalam kes-kes kecuaian perubatan kerana ujian Bolam dilihat sebagai terlalu melindungi profesyen perubatan dan bersifat paternalistik. Perubahan ini berlaku turut disebabkan dari perkembangan yang berlaku secara global berkenaan doktrin izin bermaklumat (informed consent) yang dipengaruhi oleh konsep autonomi pesakit. Doktrin izin bermaklumat ini bertujuan untuk melindungi hak pesakit untuk mendapat maklumat-maklumat yang sepatutnya berkenaan risiko perubatan sebelum memberi keizinan kepada sebarang kaedah rawatan dikenakan. Artikel ini menganalisis doktrin izin bermaklumat dari perspektif prinsip syariah atau hukum syara'. Menurut prinsip syariah, pelaksanaan doktrin izin bermaklumat adalah berpaksikan akad atau kontrak yang dipersetujui oleh doktor dan pesakit yang berasaskan kepada prinsip keridhaan dan kerelaan yang disebut dalam al-Baqarah, ayat 282. Ianya turut berasaskan kaedah fiqh "al-rida bi al-shay' rida bima yatawallad minh" yang bermaksud "rela dengan sesuatu bermakna rela dengan apa yang berlaku hasil daripada sesuatu". Artikel ini menganalisis isu liabiliti doktor dalam kes kecuaian perubatan menurut perspektif prinsip syariah. Ianya juga meninjau sejauh manakah prinsip syariah itu melindungi doktor sekiranya kecuaian tersebut berlaku secara tidak sengaja mahupun berlaku disebabkan faktor-faktor yang tidak dapat dielakkan serta berada di luar kawalan doktor.

    Kata kunci: Pengecualian liabiliti, doktor, keizinan, kecuaian perubatan, prinsip syariah hukum syara'

    . . .

    * Pensyarah, Fakulti Undang-Undang, Universitas Malikussaleh, Acheh-Indonesia.

    ** Prof. Madya, Fakulti Undang-Undang, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia.

    *** Prof. Madya, Fakulti Undang-Undang, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia.


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CLJ Article(s)

  1. PERANAN ISP DALAM ISU PELANGGARAN HAK CIPTA DAN KEBEBASAN BERSUARA DI INTERNET [Read excerpt]
    by: AHMAD SHAMSUL ABD AZIZ*
    RUSNIAH AHMAD**
    NAZURA ABDUL MANAP***
    [2016] 6 CLJ(A) i CLJ 2016 Volume 6 (Part 2)

  2. [2016] 6 CLJ(A) i
    logo
    MALAYSIA

    PERANAN ISP DALAM ISU PELANGGARAN HAK CIPTA DAN KEBEBASAN BERSUARA DI INTERNET
    by
    AHMAD SHAMSUL ABD AZIZ*
    RUSNIAH AHMAD**
    NAZURA ABDUL MANAP***

    Pengenalan

    Pemberi Perkhidmatan Internet ('ISP') merupakan sebuah entiti komersil yang membenarkan seseorang individu untuk suatu capaian (akses) menerusi komputer kepada Internet.[1] ISP menurut s. 43B Akta Hakcipta 1987 adalah seseorang yang memberikan perkhidmatan berhubung dengan, atau mengadakan penyambungan bagi, capaian, pemancaran atau penghalaan data. Isu hak kebebasan bersuara dan ISP timbul apabila ia melibatkan pertembungan antara pematuhan undang-undang hak cipta bagi melindungi pemunya hak cipta dan peranannya dalam menyediakan capaian kepada para pengguna. Perlindungan kepada ISP di bawah kebebasan bersuara terfokus kepada perkara berkaitan kebebasan berkomunikasi oleh pengguna. Dalam kata lain, perlindungan kepada hak kebebasan bersuara itu melindungi cara berkomunikasi di mana pengawalan dibuat oleh entiti tertentu sama ada orang sebenar atau pemilik rangkaian jalur lebar.[2]

    ISP Dalam Isu Hak Cipta Dan Kebebasan Bersuara

    ISP berperanan dalam menentukan arah kebebasan bersuara di Internet. Pengetahuan perlu sampai ke pihak ISP berkenaan wujudnya aktiviti pelanggaran hak cipta sebelum ISP berhak untuk mengambil sesuatu tindakan. Isu-isu kebebasan bersuara oleh pengguna dalam menggunakan suatu karya berhak cipta dan peranan ISP dapat dilihat dalam perkara-perkara mengenai penamatan akaun serta pengawalan capaian pengguna, pemberitahuan untuk melumpuhkan capaian dan memperlahankan kelajuan Internet.

    . . .

    * Pensyarah Kanan, Pusat Pengajian Undang-undang, UUM COLGIS, Universiti Utara Malaysia.

    ** Prof Madya, Pusat Pengajian Undang-undang, UUM COLGIS, Universiti Utara Malaysia.

    *** Prof Madya, Fakulti Undang-undang, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia.


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LEGISLATION HIGHLIGHTS

Principal Acts

Number Title In force from Repealing
ACT 776 National Security Council Act 2016 1 August 2016 [PU(B) 310/2016] -
ACT 775 Traditional and Complementary Medicine Act 2016 Not Yet In Force -
ACT 774 Allied Health Professions Act 2016 Not Yet In Force -
ACT 773 Finance Act 2015 The Income Tax Act 1967 [Act 53] see s 3; The Petroleum (Income Tax) Act 1967 [Act 543] see s 33; The Real Property Gains Tax Act 1976 [Act 169] see s 39; The Labuan Business Activity Tax Act 1990 [Act 445] see s 44; The Goods and Services Tax Act 2014 [Act 762] see s 47; The Promotion of Investments Act 1986 [Act 327] see s 57 -
ACT 772 Animal Welfare Act 2015 Not Yet In Force -

Amending Acts

Number Title In force from Principal/Amending Act No
ACT A1510 Dangerous Drugs (Special Preventive Measures) (Amendment) Act 2016 15 July 2016 ACT 316
ACT A1509 Legal Profession (Amendment) Act 2016 10 June 2016 ACT 166
ACT A1508 Employees' Social Security (Amendment) Act 2016 1 June 2016 [PU(B) 261/2016] ACT 4
ACT A1507 Supplementary Supply (2015) Act 2016 27 May 2016  
ACT A1506 Tabung Angkatan Tentera (Amendment) Act 2016 8 March 2016 except s 2, para 4(c), ss 5 and 6, para 7(a) and ss 9 and 11; 1 January 2016 - s 2, para 4(c), ss 5 and 6, para 7(a) and ss 9 and 11 ACT 101

PU(A)

Number Title Date of Publication In force from Principal/ Amending Act No
PU(A) 195/2016 Federal Roads (Private Management) (Collection of Tolls) (East Coast Expressway-Phase 2) Order 2016 11 July 2016 15 July 2016 ACT 306
PU(A) 194/2016 Federal Roads (Private Management) (Collection of Tolls) (East Coast Expresswayphase 1) Order 2016 11 July 2016 15 July 2016 ACT 306
PU(A) 193/2016 Highway Authority Malaysia (Incorporation) (Collection of Tolls) (East Cost Expressway-Phase 2) (Revocation) Order 2016 11 July 2016 15 July 2016 ACT 231
PU(A) 192/2016 Printing Presses and Publications (Control of Undesirable Publications) (No. 14) Order 2016 4 July 2016 5 July 2016 ACT 301
PU(A) 191/2016 Printing Presses and Publications (Control of Undesirable Publications) (No. 13) Order 2016 4 July 2016 5 July 2016 ACT 301

PU(B)

Number Title Date of Publication In force from Principal/ Amending Act No
PU(B) 310/2016 Appointment of Date of Coming Into Operation 14 July 2016 15 July 2016 ACT 776
PU(B) 309/2016 Notice of Proposed Revocation of Reservation of Land For Public Purpose For Lot 56186 Mukim Batu 12 July 2016 13 July 2016 ACT 56/1965
PU(B) 308/2016 Declaration of Cessation of Control and Management of The East Coast Expressway-Phase 2 11 July 2016 12 July 2016 ACT 231
PU(B) 307/2016 Notification of Values of Crude Petroleum Oil Under Section 12 4 July 2016 7 July 2016 to 20 July 2016 ACT 235
PU(B) 306/2016 Revocation of Reservation of Land For Public Purpose 1 July 2016 2 July 2016 ACT 56/1965

Legislation Alert

Updated

Act/Principal No. Title Amended by In force from Section amended
ACT 166 Legal Profession Act 1976 ACT A1509 10 June 2016 Section 103E
PU(A) 46/2016 Passports (Visa to Tourist From the People'S Republic of China) (Exemption) Order 2016 PU(A) 147/2016 1 June 2016 until 31 December 2016 Paragraph 2
PU(A) 437/1985 Food Regulations 1985 PU(A) 145/2016 1 December 2017;1 December 2016 - Regulation 2 Regulation 82, 361, 386A, Schedules Twentieth B and Twentieth C
PU(A) 95/2009 Food Hygiene Regulations 2009 PU(A) 146/2016 1 December 2016 Regulation 51
ACT 4 Employees' Social Security Act 1969 ACT A1508 1 June 2016 [PU(B) 261/2016] Section 5, 58, 71, 72A, 74A, 75A, 95A, 105, First Schedule, Third Schedule and Fourth Schedule

 

Revoked

 

Act/Principal No. Title Revoked by In force from
PU(A) 136/2015 Highway Authority Malaysia (Incorporation) (Collection of Tolls) (East Coast Express Way-Phase 2) Order 2015 PU(A) 193/2016 15 July 2016
PU(B) 168/2013 Polling Districts, Polling Centres and Polling Hours (Amendment) (No. 15) PU(B) 197/2016 30 April 2016
PU(B) 167/2013 Polling Districts, Polling Centres and Polling Hours (Amendment) (No. 14) PU(B) 197/2016 30 April 2016
PU(B) 164/2013 Polling Districts, Polling Centres and Polling Hours (Amendment) (No. 11) PU(B) 197/2016 30 April 2016
PU(B) 163/2013 Polling Districts, Polling Centres and Polling Hours (Amendment) (No. 10) PU(B) 197/2016 30 April 2016