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CLJ Bulletin, Issue 2016, Vol 22
02 June 2016


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New This Week

1. Case(s) of the Week

  1. HJ MD RADZI ISMAIL v. MESTI UNGGUL SDN BHD [2016] 5 CLJ 208

2. Latest Cases

  1. Legal Network Series

  2. CLJ 2016 Volume 5 (Part 2)

3. Articles

  1. LNS Article(s)

4. Legislation Highlights

  1. Principal Acts

  2. Amending Acts

  3. PU(A)

  4. PU(B)

  5. Legislation Alert


CASE(S) OF THE WEEK

HJ MD RADZI ISMAIL v. MESTI UNGGUL SDN BHD [2016] 5 CLJ 208
COURT OF APPEAL, PUTRAJAYA
ABDUL AZIZ ABDUL RAHIM JCA, MAH WENG KWAI JCA, PRASAD SANDOSHAM ABRAHAM JCA
[CIVIL APPEAL NO: A-02(IM)(NCVC)-1167-07-2014]
1 MARCH 2016

LAND LAW: Caveat - Removal - Registered owner entered private caveat on land upon discovery of fraudulent transfers - Whether caveator had caveatable interest - Whether there was serious question meriting trial - Whether caveat should be removed


LATEST CASES

Legal Network Series

[2014] 1 LNS 1767

TAIPAN MEWAH SDN BHD lwn. MOHD ARIF MANSOR

PROSEDUR SIVIL: Lokus standi - Tindakan atas nama syarikat - Pemfailan tindakan tanpa resolusi pengarah dan pemegang saham - Hanya terdapat seorang pengarah ketika pemfailan tindakan atas nama syarikat - Sama ada tindakan plaintif telah dimulakan secara teratur

PROSEDUR SIVIL: Res judicata - Isu-isu, persamaan - Arahan mahkamah ketika prosiding pembatalan tuntutan untuk penentuan isu-isu melalui bicara - Sama ada isu-isu yang telah dibangkit dalam permohonan A. 18 k. 19(1) Kaedah-Kaedah Mahkamah 2012 yang diarahkan untuk dibicarakan boleh tergolong kepada res judicata

KETERANGAN: Beban pembuktian - Penipuan dan pemalsuan - Dakwaan penggunaan nama syarikat dengan alamat yang berbeza daripada yang didaftarkan - Pengetahuan syarikat - Sama ada beban pembuktian adalah tanpa keraguan yang munasabah - Sama ada syarikat plaintif mempunyai pengetahuan berkenaan penggunaan nama syarikat oleh defendan

KETERANGAN: Ekshibit - Kebolehterimaan - Ketulenan dan isi kandungan dokumen dipertikaikan - Sama ada dokumen yang diklasifikasikan di bahagian C Ikatan dokumen boleh diterima pakai atau dirujuk oleh mahkamah - Sama ada terdapat keperluan untuk pembuat dipanggil memberi keterangan bagi membolehkan dokumen diterima pakai di mahkamah - Sama ada dokumen yang dipertikaikan ketulenan dan isi kandungan perlu dibuktikan berdasarkan s. 73 Akta Keterangan 1950

[2014] 1 LNS 1802

FSBM CTECH SDN BHD & SATU LAGI lwn. PROFESSOR EMERITIUS DR AZMAN AWANG & YANG LAIN

PROSEDUR SIVIL: Pembatalan - Writ dan penyata tuntutan - Tindakan untuk menuntut bayaran hutang - Tuntutan terhadap bekas eksekutif akaun syarikat yang telah digulungkan - Penemuan oleh pelikuidasi berkenaan ketidak teraturan transaksi syarikat - Sama ada tuntutan terhadap bekas eksekutif akaun syarikat dapat dipertahankan - Sama ada terdapat keperluan untuk perbicaraan untuk menentukan tindakan bekas eksekutif akaun syarikat - Sama ada writ dan penyata tuntutan wajar dibatalkan

[2015] 1 LNS 635

AFFIN BANK BERHAD v. PROSTONE INDUSTRY SDN BHD & ORS

BANKING: Securities for advances - Guarantee - Claim against guarantor - Director stood as guarantor for principal debtor company - Joint and several guarantee - Continuing guarantee - Guarantor disputed signing letter of guarantee - Failure to respond to letter of demand - Whether silence and failure to communicate with bank at earliest opportunity gave rise to a great possibility that defence was an afterthought - Whether guarantee was enforceable - Whether liability as guarantor was discharged upon resignation as director of principal debtor

EVIDENCE: Proof of - Debt - Bank's statement of account - Conclusive evidence - Whether shall be final and conclusive evidence - Whether entries in statement of account were prima facie evidence of indebtedness of borrower under facilities

[2015] 1 LNS 673

MALLENG ENTERPRISE (M) SDN BHD v. LENG FOOK SING & ANOR

CIVIL PROCEDURE: Striking out - Action - Action to recover land - Reasonable cause of action - Claim for declaratory reliefs based on constructive trust - Determination of ownership of land and creation of constructive trust - Whether plaintiff's pleadings disclosed a reasonable cause of action - Whether plaintiff's claim was obviously unsustainable - Whether there were serious issues to be tried

LIMITATION: Trusts - Trust property - Limitation of actions in respect of trust property - Action by beneficiary of land to recover land from trustees - Whether plaintiff's claim was barred by limitation of six years under s. 6(1)(a) of Limitation Act 1953 - Whether plaintiff's claim was governed by s. 22(1) of Limitation Act 1953

[2015] 1 LNS 684

TAN KIM HOCK TONG SENG FOOD INDUSTRY SDN BHD v. TAN KIM HOCK PRODUCT CENTRE SDN BHD & ANOR

CIVIL PROCEDURE: Ex parte application - Non disclosure of material facts - Ex-parte application for trade description order - Whether applicant had disclosed material facts to support application for trade description order - Whether material facts must be relevant for purpose of trade description order itself

INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY: Trade description - Trade description order - Application by intervener to set aside trade description order - Validity of order - Usage of registered trademark with slight and acceptable modification - Whether there was abandonment of registered mark through non-use - Whether there was intention to abandon registered trademark


CLJ 2016 Volume 5 (Part 2)

COURT OF APPEAL

Government Of The State Of Sarawak & Anor v. Chong Chieng Jen
David Wong Dak Wah, Abdul Rahman Sebli, Zamani A Rahim JJCA
(Tort; Civil Procedure; Words & Phrases - Defamation - Whether Government could be sued for defamation) [2016] 5 CLJ 169 [CA]

Hj Md Radzi Ismail v. Mesti Unggul Sdn Bhd
Abdul Aziz Abdul Rahim, Mah Weng Kwai, Prasad Sandosham Abraham JJCA
(Land Law - Caveat - Removal) [2016] 5 CLJ 208 [CA]

Low Tin Yong v. Low Yong Thuan
Alizatul Khair Osman, Abang Iskandar, Nallini Pathmanathan JJCA
(Trusts; Land Law - Declaration of trust - Whether trust existed - Whether claim defeated by laches) [2016] 5 CLJ 217 [CA]

Mehrzad Nabavieh & Anor v. Chong Shao Fen & Anor And Another Appeal
Alizatul Khair Osman, Lim Yee Lan, Nallini Pathmanathan JJCA
(Tort - Damages - Liability - Whether employers of independent contractor owed non-delegable duty of care) [2016] 5 CLJ 236 [CA]

Pembinaan Batu Jaya Sdn Bhd v. Pengarah Tanah Dan Galian, Selangor & Anor
Balia Yusof Wahi, Abang Iskandar, Badariah Sahamid JJCA
(Land Law - Alienation - Revocation of - Validity of decision) [2016] 5 CLJ 250 [CA]

Simon Lim v. Colonel Christian Lim Xiao Ping & Anor
Abdul Aziz Abdul Rahim, Rohana Yusuf, Prasad Sandosham Abraham JJCA
(Succession - Will - Last will and testament - Refusal of executor to distribute estate to other beneficiaries in accordance to terms of last will) [2016] 5 CLJ 280 [CA]

Yung Chen Wood Industries Sdn Bhd v. Scott & English (M) Sdn Bhd
Abdul Aziz Abdul Rahim, Rohana Yusuf, Abang Iskandar JJCA
(Civil Procedure - Judgments and orders - Clarification of order of court) [2016] 5 CLJ 291 [CA]

HIGH COURT

Chockalingam KMS Kumarappan Chettiar v. Azizah Harun
Choo Kah Sing JC
(Moneylenders - Whether lender entitled to charge interest upon interest) [2016] 5 CLJ 306 [HC]

R Sivabalan A Ramiah v. Neoh Lay Cheng; Malaysian Bar Council (Intervener)
Collin Lawrence Sequerah JC
(Legal Profession - Disciplinary proceedings - Disciplinary Board - Whether exceeded jurisdiction) [2016] 5 CLJ 313 [HC]

Subramaniam Govindarajoo v. Pengerusi, Lembaga Pencegah Jenayah & Ors
Hayatul Akmal Abdul Aziz JC
(Administrative Law - Judicial review - Certiorari - Application to quash supervision order - Whether supervision order valid) [2016] 5 CLJ 327 [HC]

SUBJECT INDEX

ADMINISTRATIVE LAW

Judicial review - Certiorari - Supervision order pursuant to s. 15(1) of Prevention of Crime Act 1959 ('POCA') - Application to quash supervision order - Procedures and statutory requirements in granting supervision order - Whether complied with - Whether supervision order valid
Subramaniam Govindarajoo v. Pengerusi, Lembaga Pencegah Jenayah & Ors
(Hayatul Akmal Abdul Aziz JC) [2016] 5 CLJ 327 [HC]

CIVIL PROCEDURE

Action - Government proceedings - Defamation - Allegation of mismanagement of State's financial affairs - Suit by State Government and State Financial Authority - Whether parties lacked locus to maintain action for defamation - Whether common law principle propounded in Derbyshire County Council v. Times Newspapers Ltd (Derbyshire principle) applicable - Whether proceedings by or against Government regulated by statute - Whether s. 3 Government Proceedings Act 1956 allows Government to sue for defamation by way of civil action - Whether a statutory right - Whether Derbyshire principle consistent with art. 10(1) Federal Constitution - Civil Law Act 1956, s. 3(1) - Chung Khiaw Bank Ltd v. Hotel Rasa Sayang Sdn Bhd & Anor
Government Of The State Of Sarawak & Anor v. Chong Chieng Jen

(David Wong Dak Wah, Abdul Rahman Sebli, Zamani A Rahim JJCA) [2016] 5 CLJ 169 [CA]

Judgments and orders - Clarification of order of court - Amendments to prayers in statement of claim - Whether order of court reflected amendments - Whether proposed draft order clarified orders intended by trial judge
Yung Chen Wood Industries Sdn Bhd v. Scott & English (M) Sdn Bhd
(Abdul Aziz Abdul Rahim, Rohana Yusuf, Abang Iskandar JJCA) [2016] 5 CLJ 291 [CA]

LAND LAW

Alienation - Revocation of - Validity of decision - Length of time alienation granted to applicant - Whether considered - Whether applicant had interest over land - Whether State Authority ('SA') had prerogative power to revoke order of alienation previously granted - Whether decision to revoke bad in law - Whether SA's decision immune from judicial scrutiny - Whether SA acted in good faith - Whether reasons provided for revocation - Whether discretion to revoke exercised arbitrarily - Whether decision ought to be quashed
Pembinaan Batu Jaya Sdn Bhd v. Pengarah Tanah Dan Galian, Selangor & Anor
(Balia Yusof Wahi, Abang Iskandar, Badariah Sahamid JJCA) [2016] 5 CLJ 250 [CA]

Caveat - Removal - Registered owner entered private caveat on land upon discovery of fraudulent transfers - Whether caveator had caveatable interest - Whether there was serious question meriting trial - Whether caveat should be removed
Hj Md Radzi Ismail v. Mesti Unggul Sdn Bhd
(Abdul Aziz Abdul Rahim, Mah Weng Kwai, Prasad Sandosham Abraham JJCA) [2016] 5 CLJ 208 [CA]

Transfer - Trust - Laches - Deceased mother transferred land to registered owner for his contribution to growth of family business - Whether registered owner held land on trust for all siblings - Inordinate delay in instituting claim - Whether claim defeated by laches
Low Tin Yong v. Low Yong Thuan
(Alizatul Khair Osman, Abang Iskandar, Nallini Pathmanathan JJCA) [2016] 5 CLJ 217 [CA]

LEGAL PROFESSION

Disciplinary proceedings - Disciplinary Board - Sale and purchase agreement - Solicitor assured complainant that transfer of ownership of land would be concluded in two years - Purchase price paid by complainant to firm - Complainant sought return of purchase price since no transfer of ownership effected after two years - Solicitor claimed that monies had been paid to client - Disciplinary Committee ('DC') found no misconduct by solicitor and there was no cause for disciplinary action - Disciplinary Board ('DB') found that DC had not made any findings of fact - Solicitor fined - Whether DB exceeded jurisdiction - Whether DB's actions exposed solicitor to double jeopardy - Whether there was breach of dictates of natural justice - Legal Profession Act 1976, ss. 99 & 103(1)
R Sivabalan A Ramiah v. Neoh Lay Cheng; Malaysian Bar Council (Intervener)
(Collin Lawrence Sequerah JC) [2016] 5 CLJ 313 [HC]

MONEYLENDERS

Loan - Loan of money - Whether lender entitled to charge interest upon interest - Lender's right to enforce repayment - Whether within limitation period of six years - Whether complied with prerequisites under s. 21 of Moneylenders Act 1951 and O. 79 r. 3 of Rules of Court 2012 - Whether borrower admitted to loan sum
Chockalingam KMS Kumarappan Chettiar v. Azizah Harun
(Choo Kah Sing JC) [2016] 5 CLJ 306 [HC]

SUCCESSION

Will - Last will and testament - Executor of estate - Refusal of executor to distribute estate to other beneficiaries in accordance to terms of last will - Recovery of expenses - Whether executor produced documentary evidence of various payments made in taking care of deceased - Whether expenditure proved to be exclusively for benefit of testator - Whether there was provision for executor to recover expenses undertaken for sole benefit of testator - Non-naming of executor's children as beneficiaries - Whether valid ground for non-distribution of assets - Whether executor disclosed caveatable interest
Simon Lim v. Colonel Christian Lim Xiao Ping & Anor
(Abdul Aziz Abdul Rahim, Rohana Yusuf, Prasad Sandosham Abraham JJCA) [2016] 5 CLJ 280 [CA]

TORT

Damages - Claim for - Construction of building - Damage to adjoining/neighbouring property - Independent contractors - Liability - Whether employers of independent contractor owed non-delegable duty of care - Whether independent contractors should be jointly liable as tortfeasors
Mehrzad Nabavieh & Anor v. Chong Shao Fen & Anor And Another Appeal
(Alizatul Khair Osman, Lim Yee Lan, Nallini Pathmanathan JJCA) [2016] 5 CLJ 236 [CA]

Defamation - Allegation of mismanagement of State's financial affairs - Suit by State Government and State Financial Authority - Whether parties lacked locus to maintain action for defamation - Whether common law principle propounded in Derbyshire County Council v. Times Newspapers Ltd (Derbyshire principle) applicable - Whether proceedings by or against Government regulated by statute - Whether s. 3 Government Proceedings Act 1956 allows Government to sue for defamation by way of civil action - Whether a statutory right - Whether Derbyshire principle consistent with art. 10(1) Federal Constitution - Civil Law Act 1956, s. 3(1) - Chung Khiaw Bank Ltd v. Hotel Rasa Sayang Sdn Bhd
Government Of The State Of Sarawak & Anor v. Chong Chieng Jen

(David Wong Dak Wah, Abdul Rahman Sebli, Zamani A Rahim JJCA) [2016] 5 CLJ 169 [CA]

TRUSTS

Land - Declaration of trust - Deceased mother transferred land to registered owner for his contribution to growth of family business - Whether registered owner held land on trust for all siblings - Whether land to be distributed equally - Whether trust existed - Whether alleged trust registered - Whether there was written document or trust deed to support existence of trust - National Land Code, s. 344
Low Tin Yong v. Low Yong Thuan
(Alizatul Khair Osman, Abang Iskandar, Nallini Pathmanathan JJCA) [2016] 5 CLJ 217 [CA]

WORDS & PHRASES

'other provision' - Civil Law Act 1956, s. 3(1) - Defamation suit filed by State Government and State Financial Authority - Whether parties lacked locus to maintain action for defamation - Whether s. 3 Government Proceedings Act 1956 (GPA) is one such 'other provision' which does not prohibit or exclude the Government from suing for defamation - Whether principle in Derbyshire County Council v. Times Newspapers Ltd applicable - Whether common law of England overrode s. 3 of GPA - Chung Khiaw Bank Ltd v. Hotel Rasa Sayang Sdn Bhd & Anor
Government Of The State Of Sarawak & Anor v. Chong Chieng Jen

(David Wong Dak Wah, Abdul Rahman Sebli, Zamani A Rahim JJCA) [2016] 5 CLJ 169 [CA]


ARTICLES

LNS Article(s)

  1. INTERNATIONAL AND EUROPEAN LAW: A VIEW FROM THE BENCH* [Read excerpt]
    by: LADY JUSTICE ARDEN [2016] 1 LNS(A) xlvii

  2. [2016] 1 LNS(A) xlvii
    logo
    UNITED KINGDOM

    INTERNATIONAL AND EUROPEAN LAW: A VIEW FROM THE BENCH*
    by
    LADY JUSTICE ARDEN

    1. There are two themes that I want to address. The first is increasing judicialisation in fields of international and European activity, and the second is increasing centralisation in European Union law.[1] Having briefly identified those two themes, I will draw matters together by asking - where do we go from here?

    2. So to start I turn to increasing judicialisation.

    Increasing judicialisation

    3. What do I mean by judicialisation? Sometimes by that term we mean that new courts and tribunals are established to deal with new matters - for example the tribunals to deal with complaints about refusals of information under the Freedom of Information Act 2000. Alternatively we mean that courts are exercising their powers in areas that were previously not the subject of judicial scrutiny. It is the latter meaning that I have in mind for today's purposes.

    . . .

    * Lady Justice Arden, Government Legal Department - International Conference (15 October 2015). Published with kind permission of the Judicial Communications Office, Judiciary of England and Wales (https://www.judiciary.gov.uk/wp-content/uploads/2015/11/gld-keynote-arden-int-and-eu-law.pdf).


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LEGISLATION HIGHLIGHTS

Principal Acts

Number Title In force from Repealing
ACT 775 Traditional and Complementary Medicine Act 2016 Not Yet In Force -
ACT 774 Allied Health Professions Act 2016 Not Yet In Force -
ACT 773 Finance Act 2015 The Income Tax Act 1967 [Act 53] see s 3; The Petroleum (Income Tax) Act 1967 [Act 543] see s 33; The Real Property Gains Tax Act 1976 [Act 169] see s 39; The Labuan Business Activity Tax Act 1990 [Act 445] see s 44; The Goods and Services Tax Act 2014 [Act 762] see s 47; The Promotion of Investments Act 1986 [Act 327] see s 57 -
ACT 772 Animal Welfare Act 2015 Not Yet In Force -
ACT 771 Malaysian Aviation Commission Act 2015 1 March 2016 [PU(B) 88/2016] -

Amending Acts

Number Title In force from Principal/Amending Act No
ACT A1507 Supplementary Supply (2015) Act 2016 27 May 2016  
ACT A1508 Employees' Social Security (Amendment) Act 2016 1 June 2016 [PU(B) 261/2016] ACT 4
ACT A1507 Supplementary Supply (2015) Act 2016 27 May 2016  
ACT A1506 Tabung Angkatan Tentera (Amendment) Act 2016 8 March 2016 except s 2, para 4(c), ss 5 and 6, para 7(a) and ss 9 and 11; 1 January 2016 - s 2, para 4(c), ss 5 and 6, para 7(a) and ss 9 and 11 ACT 101
ACT A1505 Malaysia Deposit Insurance Corporation (Amendment) Act 2016 8 March 2016 ACT 720

PU(A)

Number Title Date of Publication In force from Principal/ Amending Act No
PU(A) 146/2016 Food Hygiene (Amendment) Regulations 2016 27 May 2016 1 December 2016 PU(A) 95/2009
PU(A) 145/2016 Food (Amendment) Regulations 2016 27 May 2016 1 December 2017;1 December 2016 - Regulation 2 PU(A) 437/1985
PU(A) 144/2016 Customs (Anti-Dumping Duties) (No. 2) Order 2016 23 May 2016 24 May 2016 to 23 May 2021 ACT 504, ACT 235
PU(A) 143/2016 Price Control and Anti-Profiteering (Price Marking of Price-Controlled Goods) (No. 3) Order 2016 20 May 2016 25 May 2016 to 3 June 2016 ACT 723
PU(A) 142/2016 Price Control and Anti-Profiteering (Price Marking of Price-Controlled Goods) (No. 2) Order 2016 20 May 2016 23 May 2016 to 1 June 2016 ACT 723

PU(B)

Number Title Date of Publication In force from Principal/ Amending Act No
PU(B) 267/2016 Results of Contested Election and Statements of The Poll After The Official Addition of Votes - Sarawak 30 May 2016 31 May 2016 PU(A) 386/1981
PU(B) 266/2016 Appointment of Chairman of A Division of The Industrial Court 30 May 2016 31 May 2016 ACT 177
PU(B) 265/2016 Appointment of President of The Industrial Court 30 May 2016 31 May 2016 ACT 177
PU(B) 264/2016 Notice of Initiation of Investigation For The Determination of Safeguard Measure With Regard To Steel Wire Rods and Deformed Bar In Coils Products Imported Into Malaysia 27 May 2016 28 May 2016 ACT 657
PU(B) 263/2016 Notice of Initiation of Investigation For The Determination of Safeguard Measure With Regard To Steel Concrete Reinforcing Bar Products Imported Into Malaysia 27 May 2016 28 May 2016 ACT 657

Legislation Alert

Updated

Act/Principal No. Title Amended by In force from Section amended
PU(A) 437/1985 Food Regulations 1985 PU(A) 145/2016 1 December 2017;1 December 2016 - Regulation 2 Regulation 82, 361, 386A, Schedules Twentieth B and Twentieth C
PU(A) 95/2009 Food Hygiene Regulations 2009 PU(A) 146/2016 1 December 2016 Regulation 51
ACT 4 Employees' Social Security Act 1969 ACT A1508 1 June 2016 [PU(B) 261/2016] Section 5, 58, 71, 72A, 74A, 75A, 95A, 105, First Schedule, Third Schedule and Fourth Schedule
ACT 50 Medical Act 1971 PU(A) 127/2016 18 May 2016 Second Schedule
PU(A) 491/2012 Customs (Prohibition of Exports) Order 2012 PU(A) 125/2016 1 June 2016 Second Schedule

 

Revoked

 

Act/Principal No. Title Revoked by In force from
PU(B) 168/2013 Polling Districts, Polling Centres and Polling Hours (Amendment) (No. 15) PU(B) 197/2016 30 April 2016
PU(B) 167/2013 Polling Districts, Polling Centres and Polling Hours (Amendment) (No. 14) PU(B) 197/2016 30 April 2016
PU(B) 164/2013 Polling Districts, Polling Centres and Polling Hours (Amendment) (No. 11) PU(B) 197/2016 30 April 2016
PU(B) 163/2013 Polling Districts, Polling Centres and Polling Hours (Amendment) (No. 10) PU(B) 197/2016 30 April 2016
PU(B) 162/2013 Polling Districts, Polling Centres and Polling Hours (Amendment) (No. 9) PU(B) 197/2016 30 April 2016