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CLJ Bulletin, Issue 2016, Vol 16
21 April 2016


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New This Week

1. Case(s) of the Week

  1. PALM SPRING JOINT MANAGEMENT BODY & ANOR v. MUAFAKAT KEKAL SDN BHD & ANOR [2016] 3 CLJ 665

  2. KOH HENG JIN HOLDINGS SDN BHD v. PHUAH BENG CHOOI & ANOR [2016] 3 CLJ 837

  3. PP lwn. MOHD SHAH IBRAHIM [2016] 1 SMC 96

2. Latest Cases

  1. Legal Network Series

  2. CLJ 2016 Volume 3 (Part 5)

  3. CLJ 2016 Volume 3 (Part 6)

3. Articles

  1. LNS Article(s)

4. Legislation Highlights

  1. Principal Acts

  2. Amending Acts

  3. PU(A)

  4. PU(B)

  5. Legislation Alert


CASE(S) OF THE WEEK

PALM SPRING JOINT MANAGEMENT BODY & ANOR v.
MUAFAKAT KEKAL SDN BHD & ANOR
[2016] 3 CLJ 665
FEDERAL COURT OF MALAYSIA
ARIFIN ZAKARIA CJ, MD RAUS SHARIF PCA, HASAN LAH FCJ, ZAINUN ALI FCJ, ABU SAMAH NORDIN FCJ
[CIVIL APPEAL NO: 02(F)-14-02-2015(W)]
25 FEBRUARY 2016

LAND LAW: Strata title - Management corporation - Maintenance and management of building - Whether joint management body ('JMB') could co-exist with management corporation ('MC') - Whether JMB intended to be interim body - Establishment of JMB after MC established by opening of book of strata register - Whether null and void - Whether JMB lawfully constituted - Building and Common Property (Maintenance and Management) Act 2007, s. 4(1) - Strata Titles Act 1985, s. 15


KOH HENG JIN HOLDINGS SDN BHD v. PHUAH BENG CHOOI & ANOR [2016] 3 CLJ 837
COURT OF APPEAL OF MALAYSIA
ALIZATUL KHAIR OSMAN JCA, ABDUL AZIZ ABDUL RAHIM JCA, VARGHESE GEORGE JCA
[CIVIL APPEAL NO: W-02(NCVC)(A)-1638-07-2013]
13 JANUARY 2016

LAND LAW: Conveyancing - Transfer of property - Co-ownership - Application by majority share owners to compel co-owners to sell share in property - Absence of evidence that conditions for termination of co-proprietorship were satisfied - Whether court could exercise power to terminate co-proprietorship - Whether issue fell within ambit of 'in any cause or matter relating to land' under para. 3 of Schedule (Additional Powers of the High Court) of Courts of Judicature Act 1964 - National Land Code, ss. 145 & 417

SUCCESSION: Administration - Action for possession of land - Action by co-owner of undivided share of property against administrators of estate - Whether question pertaining to exercise of administrators' duties relevant - Whether co-owner beneficiary of estate - Whether had vested interest - Whether entitled to interfere in affairs of administrator and beneficiaries - Probate and Administration Act 1959, ss. 60 & 68


PP lwn. MOHD SHAH IBRAHIM [2016] 1 SMC 96
MAHKAMAH MAJISTRET, AMPANG
AYUNI IZZATY SULAIMAN Mj
[KES NO: M1-83D-224-03-2014]
11 NOVEMBER 2014

UNDANG-UNDANG JENAYAH: Akta Dadah Berbahaya 1952 - Seksyen 12(2) - Memiliki dadah berbahaya - Sama ada tertuduh mempunyai milikan dan kawalan terhadap dadah yang dijumpai - Sama ada tertuduh menunjukkan tempat di mana dadah terletak - Sama ada orang lain mempunyai akses ke dalam rumah di mana dadah dijumpai - Identiti dan tempat dadah dijumpai - Sama ada keterangan saksi pendakwaan bercanggah - Milikan eksklusif - Sama ada dibuktikan - Sama ada siasatan menyeluruh dilakukan oleh pegawai penyiasat - Sama ada tertuduh didapati bersalah - Akta Keterangan 1950, s. 27

To view a sample of the Sessions and Magistrates' Cases journal, click here. For product enquiries, contact priority@cljlaw.com.


LATEST CASES

Legal Network Series

[2015] 1 LNS 398

FAKHRUL RAZZI YAACOB lwn. KHATIJAH ARIS

UNDANG-UNDANG TANAH: Kaveat - Salah masuk - Pembatalan kaveat - Pembatalan kaveat persendirian - Hak pembeli bona fide untuk membuat permohonan pembatalan kaveat - Pembeli membeli tanah daripada pemilik berdaftar - Pendaftaran tanah sementara menunggu penamatan tempoh sekatan - Kewujudan transaksi jual beli tanah yang lain yang dimasuki antara wasi pemilik berdaftar dan defendan - Sama ada defendan mempunyai kepentingan berkaveat - Sama ada perjanjian jual beli yang telah dimasuki antara wasi pemilik berdaftar dan defendan adalah sah untuk mempertahankan kaveat yang dimasuki oleh defendan

[2015] 1 LNS 400

TAN CHENG ENG lwn. TENAGA NASIONAL BERHAD

UTILITI AWAM: Elektrik - Pemakaian dan penggunaan - Pengusikan pada meter elektrik - Pengusikan pada wayar pintasan - Sama ada pengusikan pada meter elektrik telah dibuktikan - Sama ada tuntutan boleh dibuat terhadap pelanggan berdaftar walaupun premis pelanggan berdaftar telah disewakan kepada pihak lain

UTILITI AWAM: Elektrik - Bayaran elektrik - Kehilangan hasil bayaran tarif elektrik - Pengusikan pada meter elektrik - Pengiraan bil kebelakangan - Pengiraan berdasarkan penurunan mendadak dan purata harian penggunaan elektrik - Sama ada pengiraan telah dibuat secara betul - Sama ada bayaran kehilangan hasil telah disangkal - Sama ada kaedah pengiraan berdasarkan penurunan mendadak dan purata harian penggunaan elektrik adalah betul

[2015] 1 LNS 512

MALAYAN BANKING BERHAD v. PUNJAB NATIONAL BANK

CIVIL PROCEDURE: Jurisdiction - Forum conveniens - Proper forum to commence action - Action against a bank incorporated in India - Action to enforce performance of obligation to make payment and reimbursement under letter of credit - Payment to beneficiaries made in Malaysia in respect of letter of credit - Whether cause of action arose in Malaysia - Whether Malaysian court had jurisdiction over foreign defendant

[2015] 1 LNS 521

DR LIM CHANG WAI & ANOR v. CHIA AH TAI

TORT: Defamation - Libel - Malicious publication - Injury to personal credit, character, reputation and goodwill to profession and business - Defamation against professional veterinary surgeon - Allegation of wrong surgery - Whether impugned words disparaged plaintiff's personal reputation, goodwill of his profession as veterinary surgeon and brought discredit to his business - Whether publication of impugned words greatly discredited plaintiff

TORT: Defamation - Defence - Availability of defence of qualified privilege - Absence of particulars of qualified privilege in statement of defence - Whether defence of qualified privilege was available in absence of particulars on qualified privilege in statement of defence

[2015] 1 LNS 522

BRG BRILLIANT RUBBER GOODS (M) SDN BHD v. THE POLO/LAUREN COMPANY, LP & ANOR

INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY: Registration - Opposition - Registration of 'RALPH LAUREN' marks with polo player devise - Claim for ownership of marks - Usage of polo player devise - Whether defendant's marks was confusingly and deceptively similar to plaintiff's family of 'POLO' related trademarks - Whether there was similarity of marks - Whether existence of polo player devise on defendant's mark could cause likelihood of confusion - Whether registration of trademark should be allowed


CLJ 2016 Volume 3 (Part 5)

FEDERAL COURT

Palm Spring Joint Management Body & Anor v. Muafakat Kekal Sdn Bhd & Anor
Arifin Zakaria CJ, Md Raus Sharif PCA, Hasan Lah, Zainun Ali, Abu Samah Nordin FCJJ
(Land Law: Strata title - Maintenance and management of building) [2016] 3 CLJ 665 [FC]

COURT OF APPEAL

Cubic Electronic Sdn Bhd (In Liquidation) v. MKC Corporate & Business Advisory Sdn Bhd & Another Appeal
Lim Yee Lan, Mohd Zawawi Salleh, Vernon Ong Lam Kiat JJCA
(Contract; Tort - Breach of tenancy agreement) [2016] 3 CLJ 676 [CA]

JCT Limited v. Muniandy Nadasan & Ors And Another Appeal
Abdul Aziz Abdul Rahim, David Wong Dak Wah, Abang Iskandar JJCA
(Company Law; Civil Procedure; Evidence - Fraudulent trading - Failure to plead) [2016] 3 CLJ 692 [CA]

Johnbosco Chinedu Augustine v. PP
Tengku Maimun Tuan Mat, Zakaria Sam JJCA, Kamardin Hashim J
(Criminal Law; Criminal Procedure - Judgment - Absence of written judgment) [2016] 3 CLJ 732 [CA]

Ketua Pengarah Jabatan Kerja Raya v. Strongkota Development Sdn Bhd & Another Appeal
Mohamad Ariff Yusof, Mah Weng Kwai, Abang Iskandar JJCA
(Civil Procedure; Land Law - Acquisition of land - Claim for losses) [2016] 3 CLJ 741 [CA]

Mashkon Hj Samuri v. Orang Kampung Holdings (M) Sdn Bhd
David Wong Dak Wah, Abang Iskandar, Vernon Ong Lam Kiat JJCA
(Administrative Law; Labour Law - Dismissal) [2016] 3 CLJ 759 [CA]

Petroliam Nasional Bhd v. Pentadbir Tanah Daerah Kota Tinggi & Ors
Mohd Zawawi Salleh, Vernon Ong Lam Kiat, Prasad Sandosham Abraham JJCA
(Civil Procedure; Land Law - Locus standi - Acquisition of land) [2016] 3 CLJ 773 [CA]

PP v. Muhammad Saifullah Awang
Mohtarudin Baki, Tengku Maimun Tuan Mat, Zakaria Sam JJCA
(Criminal Procedure; Criminal Law - Appeal against sentence) [2016] 3 CLJ 784 [CA]

Yeoh Eng Kong v. Choo Kok Yeow & Anor
Linton Albert, Alizatul Khair Osman, Umi Kalthum Abdul Majid JJCA
(Contract - Damages - Wrongful termination) [2016] 3 CLJ 794 [CA]

HIGH COURT

Bukit Baru Villas Sdn Bhd v. Malaysia Building Society Bhd
Harmindar Singh Dhaliwal J
(Civil Procedure - Injunction - Fortuna injunction) [2016] 3 CLJ 803 [HC]

PP lwn. Chang Siew Fah
Abu Bakar Katar PK
(Prosedur Jenayah - Rayuan - Lucut hak) [2016] 3 CLJ 811 [HC]

PP v. Ng Kwan Hua
Zulkifli Bakar J
(Criminal Law; Evidence - Murder - Dying declaration) [2016] 3 CLJ 823 [HC]

SUBJECT INDEX

ADMINISTRATIVE LAW

Judicial review - Decision of Industrial Court ('IC') - IC found dismissal of employee without just and valid excuse - Whether IC considered circumstances of case in totality - Whether evidence of witnesses subjected to detailed analysis - Whether IC had jurisdiction to depart from punishment meted out by employer
Mashkon Hj Samuri v. Orang Kampung Holdings (M) Sdn Bhd
(David Wong Dak Wah, Abang Iskandar, Vernon Ong Lam Kiat JJCA) [2016] 3 CLJ 759 [CA]

CIVIL PROCEDURE

Injunction - Injunction to restrain presentation of winding up petition - Principles for granting of Fortuna injunction - Whether presentation of petition would cause irreparable damage - Whether debt disputed - Whether injunction ought to be granted - Companies Act 1965, s. 218
Bukit Baru Villas Sdn Bhd v. Malaysia Building Society Bhd
(Harmindar Singh Dhaliwal J) [2016] 3 CLJ 803 [HC]

Locus standi - Land acquisition - Applicant objected against award by Land Administrator and referred matter to High Court for determination - Whether applicant had locus standi to file application - Whether applicant fell under category of persons specified under s. 37(1) of Land Acquisition Act 1960 - Whether applicant 'person interested' - Whether applicant undertook work of public utility - Whether purpose of acquisition fell within definition of public utility - Land Acquisition Act 1960, Sch. 2, Forms E & N, ss. 8, 11, 12, 37 & 55
Petroliam Nasional Bhd v. Pentadbir Tanah Daerah Kota Tinggi & Ors
(Mohd Zawawi Salleh, Vernon Ong Lam Kiat, Prasad Sandosham Abraham JJCA) [2016] 3 CLJ 773 [CA]

Pleadings - Findings on matters not pleaded - Failure to plead undue preference under s. 293 of Companies Act 1965 read together with s. 53 of Bankruptcy Act 1967 - Reliance on omnibus prayer that 'undue influence' could fall into paragraphs in pleadings - Whether omnibus prayer is pleading clause - Whether failure to specifically plead undue preference detrimental - Whether orders of trial judge sustainable
JCT Limited v. Muniandy Nadasan & Ors And Another Appeal
(Abdul Aziz Abdul Rahim, David Wong Dak Wah, Abang Iskandar JJCA) [2016] 3 CLJ 692 [CA]

Pleadings - Statement of claim - Cause of action - Assumption of responsibility - Failure to plead - Whether fatal to claim
Ketua Pengarah Jabatan Kerja Raya v. Strongkota Development Sdn Bhd & Another Appeal
(Mohamad Ariff Yusof, Mah Weng Kwai, Abang Iskandar JJCA) [2016] 3 CLJ 741 [CA]

COMPANY LAW

Fraudulent trading - Elements of offence - Whether business conducted in manner so as to defraud creditors - Whether element of dishonesty proven - Whether creditors deceived and deprived of funds meant to service their loans - Companies Act 1965, s. 304
JCT Limited v. Muniandy Nadasan & Ors And Another Appeal
(Abdul Aziz Abdul Rahim, David Wong Dak Wah, Abang Iskandar JJCA) [2016] 3 CLJ 692 [CA]

CONTRACT

Agreement - Tenancy agreement - Breach - Landlord entered tenancy agreement with third party while master tenancy agreement with first party still subsisting - Third party sub-let subject property to fourth party - Whether there was breach of contract by landlord - Whether parties conspired to deprive first party of its rights - Whether vacant possession had been delivered - Allegation that tenancy agreement had been terminated because first party failed to pay rent - Whether tenancy agreement valid - Whether enforceable
Cubic Electronic Sdn Bhd (In Liquidation) v. MKC Corporate & Business Advisory Sdn Bhd & Another Appeal
(Lim Yee Lan, Mohd Zawawi Salleh, Vernon Ong Lam Kiat JJCA) [2016] 3 CLJ 676 [CA]

Damages - Specific performance - Sale and purchase agreement - Wrongful termination - Claim for damages - Defendants awarded general damages in another suit pertaining to same subject matter - Whether defendants entitled to recover general damages in present suit - Whether damages claimed in both suits arose from same cause of action - Whether 'double' damages awarded
Yeoh Eng Kong v. Choo Kok Yeow & Anor
(Linton Albert, Alizatul Khair Osman, Umi Kalthum Abdul Majid JJCA) [2016] 3 CLJ 794 [CA]

CRIMINAL LAW

Dangerous Drugs Act 1952 - Section 39B(1)(a) - Trafficking in - Appeal against conviction and sentence - Absence of written judgment - Whether rights under art. 5 of Federal Constitution compromised - Whether miscarriage of justice had been committed in sentencing accused - Whether conviction safe - Courts of Judicature Act 1964, s. 60
Johnbosco Chinedu Augustine v. PP
(Tengku Maimun Tuan Mat, Zakaria Sam JJCA, Kamardin Hashim J) [2016] 3 CLJ 732 [CA]

Murder - Defence - Accused suffered from psychotic depression - Whether accused mentally fit to stand trial - Whether prima facie case established - Whether trial could proceed - Whether there could be fair trial - Penal Code, ss. 300 & 302 - Criminal Procedure Code, s. 344(3)
PP v. Ng Kwan Hua
(Zulkifli Bakar J) [2016] 3 CLJ 823 [HC]

Offences - Grievous hurt - Accused slit victim's throat and stabbed her chest - Whether victim suffered grievous injury - Whether victim's life endangered - Accused suffered from psychotic depression - Whether accused mentally fit to stand trial - Whether prima facie case established - Whether trial could proceed - Whether there could be fair trial - Penal Code, ss. 320(h) & 326 - Criminal Procedure Code, s. 344(3)
PP v. Ng Kwan Hua
(Zulkifli Bakar J) [2016] 3 CLJ 823 [HC]

Penal Code - Section 304(a) - Culpable homicide - Stabbing deceased in chest - Accused sentenced to eight years imprisonment - Conviction and sentence - Appeal against - Appeal by prosecution - Whether sentence imposed adequate - Whether reflects gravity of offence - Whether accused had intention to cause death of deceased - Claim of minimal involvement in crime - Whether accused entitled to lenient sentence - Public interest - Mitigating factors - Severity of offence committed - Whether sentence imposed ought to be enhanced
PP v. Muhammad Saifullah Awang
(Mohtarudin Baki, Tengku Maimun Tuan Mat, Zakaria Sam JJCA) [2016] 3 CLJ 784 [CA]

CRIMINAL PROCEDURE

Appeal - Sentence, against - Appeal by prosecution - Penal Code, s. 304(a) - Culpable homicide - Stabbing deceased in chest - Accused sentenced to eight years imprisonment - Whether sentence imposed adequate - Whether reflects gravity of offence - Whether accused had intention to cause death of deceased - Claim of minimal involvement in crime - Whether accused entitled to lenient sentence - Public interest - Mitigating factors - Severity of offence committed - Whether sentence imposed ought to be enhanced
PP v. Muhammad Saifullah Awang
(Mohtarudin Baki, Tengku Maimun Tuan Mat, Zakaria Sam JJCA) [2016] 3 CLJ 784 [CA]

Judgment - Grounds of - Absence of written judgment - Whether rights under art. 5 of Federal Constitution compromised - Whether miscarriage of justice had been committed in sentencing accused - Whether conviction safe - Courts of Judicature Act 1964, s. 60
Johnbosco Chinedu Augustine v. PP
(Tengku Maimun Tuan Mat, Zakaria Sam JJCA, Kamardin Hashim J) [2016] 3 CLJ 732 [CA]

EVIDENCE

Dying declaration - Admissibility - Accused charged for murder and voluntarily causing grievous hurt - Dying declaration of deceased pointed to accused as perpetrator - Whether dying declaration must be corroborated - Whether admissible as evidence - Whether prima facie case successfully established
PP v. Ng Kwan Hua
(Zulkifli Bakar J) [2016] 3 CLJ 823 [HC]

Standard of proof - Fraudulent trading - Trial judge adopted criminal standard of proof in cases of fraudulent trading under s. 304 of Companies Act 1965 - Whether ought to be on standard of balance of probabilities - Whether caused injustice - Whether trial judge erred
JCT Limited v. Muniandy Nadasan & Ors And Another Appeal
(Abdul Aziz Abdul Rahim, David Wong Dak Wah, Abang Iskandar JJCA) [2016] 3 CLJ 692 [CA]

LABOUR LAW

Employment - Dismissal - Employee sanctioned by way of warning letter - Whether subsequent dismissal based on same misconduct amounted to being penalised twice - Whether allowed by law - Whether proven misconduct by employee deserved punishment of dismissal - Whether dismissal with just and valid excuse
Mashkon Hj Samuri v. Orang Kampung Holdings (M) Sdn Bhd
(David Wong Dak Wah, Abang Iskandar, Vernon Ong Lam Kiat JJCA) [2016] 3 CLJ 759 [CA]

LAND LAW

Acquisition of land - Compensation - Acquisition of land for major road project - Delay in acquiring land - Claim for losses - Duty of care - Whether land should have been acquired without delay - Assumption of responsibility - Whether pleaded - Whether trial judge erred in deciding on unpleaded issues
Ketua Pengarah Jabatan Kerja Raya v. Strongkota Development Sdn Bhd & Another Appeal
(Mohamad Ariff Yusof, Mah Weng Kwai, Abang Iskandar JJCA) [2016] 3 CLJ 741 [CA]

Acquisition of land - Objection against award - Locus standi - Applicant objected against award by Land Administrator and referred matter to High Court for determination - Whether applicant had locus standi to file application - Whether applicant fell under category of persons specified under s. 37(1) of Land Acquisition Act 1960 - Whether applicant 'person interested' - Whether applicant undertook work of public utility - Whether purpose of acquisition fell within definition of public utility - Land Acquisition Act 1960, Sch. 2, Forms E & N, ss. 8, 11, 12, 37 & 55
Petroliam Nasional Bhd v. Pentadbir Tanah Daerah Kota Tinggi & Ors
(Mohd Zawawi Salleh, Vernon Ong Lam Kiat, Prasad Sandosham Abraham JJCA) [2016] 3 CLJ 773 [CA]

Strata title - Management corporation - Maintenance and management of building - Whether joint management body ('JMB') could co-exist with management corporation ('MC') - Whether JMB intended to be interim body - Establishment of JMB after MC established by opening of book of strata register - Whether null and void - Whether JMB lawfully constituted - Building and Common Property (Maintenance and Management) Act 2007, s. 4(1) - Strata Titles Act 1985, s. 15
Palm Spring Joint Management Body & Anor v. Muafakat Kekal Sdn Bhd & Anor
(Arifin Zakaria CJ, Md Raus Sharif PCA, Hasan Lah, Zainun Ali, Abu Samah Nordin FCJJ) [2016] 3 CLJ 665 [FC]

TORT

Conspiracy - Lawful means conspiracy - Landlord entered tenancy agreement with third party while master tenancy agreement with first party still subsisting - Third party sub-let subject property to fourth party - Whether landlord and other parties conspired to deprive first party of its rights - Whether there was combination or agreement between landlord and other parties to injure first party - Whether certain acts were carried out pursuant to combination or agreement - Whether first party suffered loss and damages due to alleged conspiracy by landlord and other parties
Cubic Electronic Sdn Bhd (In Liquidation) v. MKC Corporate & Business Advisory Sdn Bhd & Another Appeal
(Lim Yee Lan, Mohd Zawawi Salleh, Vernon Ong Lam Kiat JJCA) [2016] 3 CLJ 676 [CA]

INDEKS PERKARA

PROSEDUR JENAYAH

Rayuan - Lucut hak - Tafsiran s. 26(1) Akta Kawalan Bekalan 1961 - Sama ada Hakim Mahkamah Sesyen ('HMS') terkhilaf dari segi undang-undang dan fakta apabila tidak mengambil kira pendekatan bertujuan dalam mentafsir s. 26(1) - Sama ada HMS terkhilaf apabila tidak melucut hak ekshibit-ekshibit atas alasan ia bukan milik tertuduh
PP lwn. Chang Siew Fah
(Abu Bakar Katar PK) [2016] 3 CLJ 811 [HC]


CLJ 2016 Volume 3 (Part 6)

COURT OF APPEAL

Koh Heng Jin Holdings Sdn Bhd v. Phuah Beng Chooi & Anor
Alizatul Khair Osman, Abdul Aziz Abdul Rahim, Varghese George JJCA
(Land Law; Succession - Conveyancing - Transfer of property - Whether court could exercise power to terminate co-proprietorship) [2016] 3 CLJ 837 [CA]

Pendaftar Hakmilik, Pejabat Tanah Dan Galian Negeri Selangor v. Bank Pertanian Malaysia Bhd
Abdul Aziz Abdul Rahim, Rohana Yusuf, Prasad Sandosham Abraham JJCA
(Public Authorities; Land Law - Transfer of land - Registrar of Titles - Breach of statutory duty - Negligence - Whether transfer illegal, null and void) [2016] 3 CLJ 851 [CA]

PP lwn. Mohd Haniff Mosbah & Satu Lagi
Rohana Yusuf, Zakaria Sam, Ahmadi Asnawi HHMR
(Undang-undang Jenayah; Prosedur Jenayah; Perkataan & Istilah - Akta Dadah Berbahaya 1952 - Seksyen 39B(1)(a) - Pengedaran dadah berbahaya) [2016] 3 CLJ 882 [CA]

Sepideh Golrokhfar Abdollah v. PP
Mohtarudin Baki, Tengku Maimun Tuan Mat, Zamani A Rahim JJCA
(Criminal Law; Criminal Procedure - Dangerous Drugs Act 1952 - Section 39B(1)(a) - Trafficking in dangerous drugs - Presumption of knowledge under s. 37(d)) [2016] 3 CLJ 895 [CA]

HIGH COURT

Asuria Ahmad lwn. PP
Abu Bakar Katar PK
(Keterangan; Prosedur Jenayah; Undang-undang Jenayah - Anggapan bertentangan - Kegagalan pihak pendakwaan memanggil saksi material - Sama ada menjejaskan kes pendakwaan) [2016] 3 CLJ 907 [HC]

Gakyah Buyong lwn. PP
Noorin Badaruddin PK
(Prosedur Jenayah - Pendakwaan - Kes prima facie - Sama ada pembuktian kes di peringkat pendakwaan adalah atas ujian prima facie) [2016] 3 CLJ 919 [HC]

Hotel Sentral (JB) Sdn Bhd v. Pengarah Tanah Dan Galian Negeri Johor, Malaysia & Ors
Mohd Nazlan Ghazali JC
(Land Law; Civil Procedure - Alienation of land - Road reserve - Failure to comply with provisions under s. 64(1) National Land Code) [2016] 3 CLJ 931 [HC]

Iszuree Ibrahim v. Majlis Mesyuarat Kerajaan Negeri Pulau Pinang & Ors And Another Case
Collin Lawrence Sequerah JC
(Administrative Law - Exercise of administrative powers - Whether appointment of council member at pleasure of State Authority) [2016] 3 CLJ 955 [HC]

Master Pyrodor Sdn Bhd v. Tai Thong Flower Nursery Sdn Bhd
Lee Swee Seng J
(Civil Procedure; Land Law - Judicial precedent - Stare decisis - Whether departure by High Court would tantamount to setting aside decision of Court of Appeal) [2016] 3 CLJ 977 [HC]

Re Benny Ong Swee Siang; Ex p United Overseas Bank (Malaysia) Bhd
Lim Chong Fong JC
(Bankruptcy - Discharge of bankrupt - Whether Director General of Insolvency ('DGI') had absolute discretion to issue certificate of discharge) [2016] 3 CLJ 1001 [HC]

SUBJECT INDEX

ADMINISTRATIVE LAW

Exercise of administrative powers - Decision - Decision of State Authority to revoke applicant's appointment as council member - Whether appointment of council member at pleasure of State Authority - Whether applicant could be removed as council member at sole discretion of State Authority - Whether applicant should be accorded right to be heard - Whether power to appoint included power to remove or dismiss - Whether applicant's removal from local council's permanent committees and ad hoc meetings tainted with procedural impropriety - Local Government Act 1976, ss. 10(1) and 10(4)
Iszuree Ibrahim v. Majlis Mesyuarat Kerajaan Negeri Pulau Pinang & Ors And Another Case
(Collin Lawrence Sequerah JC) [2016] 3 CLJ 955 [HC]

BANKRUPTCY

Discharge - Discharge of bankrupt - Appeal against - Whether Director General of Insolvency ('DGI') had absolute discretion to issue certificate of discharge - Whether DGI utilised all reasonable endeavours to locate bankrupt - Whether bankrupt's estate had been administered - Whether certificate of discharge ought to be issued - Bankruptcy Act 1967, ss. 33A and 33B
Re Benny Ong Swee Siang; Ex p United Overseas Bank (Malaysia) Bhd
(Lim Chong Fong JC) [2016] 3 CLJ 1001 [HC]

CIVIL PROCEDURE

Judicial precedent - Stare decisis - Remission of case from Court of Appeal to High Court - Specific directions given by Court of Appeal - Whether to be followed as part of doctrine of binding precedent - Whether departure by High Court would tantamount to setting aside decision of Court of Appeal
Master Pyrodor Sdn Bhd v. Tai Thong Flower Nursery Sdn Bhd
(Lee Swee Seng J) [2016] 3 CLJ 977 [HC]

Locus standi - Sale of land - Absence of approval from Estate Land Board for transfer of land - Whether purchaser obtained title illegally - Whether title defeasible - Whether lacked locus standi to commence action - National Land Code, ss. 214A & 340
Master Pyrodor Sdn Bhd v. Tai Thong Flower Nursery Sdn Bhd
(Lee Swee Seng J) [2016] 3 CLJ 977 [HC]

Parties - Actions by and against State Authority - National Land Code, s. 16 - State Authority's decision to revoke road reserve and alienate it to fourth respondent - Application for judicial review to quash decision - Whether State Authority made a party to application - Whether action brought against State Director in the name of his office - Whether application to quash decision allowed
Hotel Sentral (JB) Sdn Bhd v. Pengarah Tanah Dan Galian Negeri Johor, Malaysia & Ors
(Mohd Nazlan Ghazali JC) [2016] 3 CLJ 931 [HC]

CRIMINAL LAW

Dangerous Drugs Act 1952 - Section 39B(1)(a) - Trafficking in dangerous drugs - Presumption of knowledge under s. 37(d) - Whether rebutted - Whether reasonable doubt raised on prosecution case - Whether conviction safe
Sepideh Golrokhfar Abdollah v. PP
(Mohtarudin Baki, Tengku Maimun Tuan Mat, Zamani A Rahim JJCA) [2016] 3 CLJ 895 [CA]

CRIMINAL PROCEDURE

Appeal - Trial judge's findings - Trafficking in dangerous drugs - Defence of accused that third person gave food packages containing dangerous drugs - Whether adequate weight given to defence - Whether third person fictitious character - Whether third person proven to be actual owner of dangerous drugs - Whether there was misdirection by trial judge - Whether accused rebutted presumption of knowledge - Whether conviction safe - Criminal Procedure Code, s. 182A(1) - Whether complied with Dangerous Drugs Act 1952, ss. 37(d) & 39B(1)(a)
Sepideh Golrokhfar Abdollah v. PP
(Mohtarudin Baki, Tengku Maimun Tuan Mat, Zamani A Rahim JJCA) [2016] 3 CLJ 895 [CA]

LAND LAW

Alienation of land - Road reserve - State Authority's decision to revoke road reserve and alienate it to fourth respondent - Judicial review - Application for - Failure to comply with provisions under s. 64(1) National Land Code - Whether decision to alienate null and void - Whether decision susceptible to judicial review - Whether applicant adversely affected by alienation of land - Whether land gazetted as reserved land - Whether a State land - Powers of State Authority to alienate land - Whether challenged - Whether alienation made for public purpose - Whether State Authority made as a party to application - Whether decision to alienate land set aside - National Land Code, ss. 5, 16(2), 40(a), 44(1)(b), 62 & 76(aa)(iii)
Hotel Sentral (JB) Sdn Bhd v. Pengarah Tanah Dan Galian Negeri Johor, Malaysia & Ors
(Mohd Nazlan Ghazali JC) [2016] 3 CLJ 931 [HC]

Conveyancing - Transfer of property - Co-ownership - Application by majority share owners to compel co-owners to sell share in property - Absence of evidence that conditions for termination of co-proprietorship were satisfied - Whether court could exercise power to terminate co-proprietorship - Whether issue fell within ambit of 'in any cause or matter relating to land' under para. 3 of Schedule (Additional Powers of the High Court) of Courts of Judicature Act 1964 - National Land Code, ss. 145 & 417
Koh Heng Jin Holdings Sdn Bhd v. Phuah Beng Chooi & Anor
(Alizatul Khair Osman, Abdul Aziz Abdul Rahim, Varghese George JJCA) [2016] 3 CLJ 837 [CA]

Transfer - Estate land - Absence of approval from Estate Land Board for transfer of land - Transfer in contravention of s. 214A(1) of National Land Code - Whether registration of title under void instrument excluded from indefeasibility protection - Whether transfer liable to be set aside - National Land Code, s. 340
Master Pyrodor Sdn Bhd v. Tai Thong Flower Nursery Sdn Bhd
(Lee Swee Seng J) [2016] 3 CLJ 977 [HC]

Transfer of land - Registrar of Titles - Breach of statutory duty - Negligence - Whether transfer illegal, null and void - Duty and powers of appellant - Whether administrative in nature - Duty of care - Whether arose - Whether transfer of lands used fake land titles - Whether inference could be drawn that fake computerised documents of title was issued by Land Office - Whether appellant acted in bad faith when accepting instruments as fit for registration - Reinstatement of true registered owner as lawful owner of lands - Whether appellant merely following previous court order - Whether liability could be imputed to appellant - Whether appellant could seek protection under s. 22 of National Land Code
Pendaftar Hakmilik, Pejabat Tanah Dan Galian Negeri Selangor v. Bank Pertanian Malaysia Bhd
(Abdul Aziz Abdul Rahim, Rohana Yusuf, Prasad Sandosham Abraham JJCA) [2016] 3 CLJ 851 [CA]

PUBLIC AUTHORITIES

Registrar of titles - Breach of statutory duty - Negligence - Transfer of lands - Whether illegal, null and void - Duty and powers of Registrar of titles - Whether administrative in nature - Duty of care - Whether breached - Whether transfer of lands used fake land titles - Whether inference could be drawn that fake computerised documents of title was issued by Land Office - Whether appellant acted in bad faith - Reinstatement of true registered owner as lawful owner of lands - Whether appellant merely following previous court order - Whether liability could be imputed to appellant - Whether appellant could seek protection under s. 22 of National Land Code
Pendaftar Hakmilik, Pejabat Tanah Dan Galian Negeri Selangor v. Bank Pertanian Malaysia Bhd
(Abdul Aziz Abdul Rahim, Rohana Yusuf, Prasad Sandosham Abraham JJCA) [2016] 3 CLJ 851 [CA]

SUCCESSION

Administration - Action for possession of land - Action by co-owner of undivided share of property against administrators of estate - Whether question pertaining to exercise of administrators' duties relevant - Whether co-owner beneficiary of estate - Whether had vested interest - Whether entitled to interfere in affairs of administrator and beneficiaries - Probate and Administration Act 1959, ss. 60 & 68
Koh Heng Jin Holdings Sdn Bhd v. Phuah Beng Chooi & Anor
(Alizatul Khair Osman, Abdul Aziz Abdul Rahim, Varghese George JJCA) [2016] 3 CLJ 837 [CA]

INDEKS PERKARA

KETERANGAN

Anggapan bertentangan - Kegagalan pihak pendakwaan memanggil saksi material - Tertuduh dituduh melakukan perbuatan kelucahan terlampau dengan memegang kemaluan mangsa lelaki - Kanun Keseksaan, s. 377D - Sama ada kegagalan pihak pendakwaan memanggil saksi yang berada di tempat kejadian menyebabkan kelompangan pada kes pendakwaan - Sama ada menjejaskan kes pendakwaan - Sama ada anggapan bertentangan wajar dibangkitkan - Akta Keterangan 1950, s. 114(g)
Asuria Ahmad lwn. PP
(Abu Bakar Katar PK) [2016] 3 CLJ 907 [HC]

PERKATAAN & ISTILAH

'anything containing whatsoever' - Akta Dadah Berbahaya 1952, s. 37(d) - Sama ada terpakai - Sama ada anggapan boleh mengaitkan tertuduh dengan milikan dan pengetahuan atas dadah yang dijumpai dalam kenderaan awam
PP lwn. Mohd Haniff Mosbah & Satu Lagi
(Rohana Yusuf, Zakaria Sam, Ahmadi Asnawi HHMR) [2016] 3 CLJ 882 [CA]

PROSEDUR JENAYAH

Pendakwaan - Kes prima facie - Sama ada pembuktian kes di peringkat pendakwaan adalah atas ujian prima facie - Sama ada penilaian maksima dibuat terhadap keterangan - Sama ada tertuduh berhak menyoal balas saksi - Sama ada keterangan boleh diterima sebagai prima facie hanya bila tertuduh berhak menyoal balas saksi - Sama ada terdapat pelanggaran hak asasi terhadap tertuduh
Gakyah Buyong lwn. PP
(Noorin Badaruddin PK) [2016] 3 CLJ 919 [HC]

Rayuan - Hukuman - Tertuduh disabitkan atas pertuduhan perbuatan kelucahan melampau - Tertuduh dijatuhkan hukuman penjara 18 bulan - Sama ada hukuman berlebihan atau memadai - Kanun Keseksaan, s. 377D
Asuria Ahmad lwn. PP
(Abu Bakar Katar PK) [2016] 3 CLJ 907 [HC]

Rayuan - Rayuan terhadap pelepasan dan pembebasan - Pengedaran dadah berbahaya - Dadah dijumpai dalam teksi awam dinaiki ramai penumpang - Sama ada anggapan di bawah s. 37(d) ADB terpakai - Sama ada tertuduh mempunyai milikan eksklusif atas teksi - Sama ada tertuduh mempunyai kawalan, jagaan dan pengetahuan atas dadah - Tingkah laku tertuduh - Sama ada konsisten dengan perlakuan seseorang yang melakukan kesalahan - Keberhampiran dadah dengan kedua-dua tertuduh - Sama ada cukup untuk membuktikan niat bersama antara tertuduh di bawah s. 34 Kanun Keseksaan - Sama ada keputusan Mahkamah Tinggi wajar dikekalkan
PP lwn. Mohd Haniff Mosbah & Satu Lagi
(Rohana Yusuf, Zakaria Sam, Ahmadi Asnawi HHMR) [2016] 3 CLJ 882 [CA]

UNDANG-UNDANG JENAYAH

Akta Dadah Berbahaya 1952 - Seksyen 39B(1)(a) - Pengedaran dadah berbahaya - Methamphetamine seberat 1,689.20g - Dadah dijumpai dalam teksi awam dinaiki ramai penumpang - Sama ada anggapan di bawah s. 37(d) ADB terpakai - Sama ada tertuduh mempunyai milikan eksklusif atas teksi - Sama ada tertuduh mempunyai kawalan, jagaan dan pengetahuan atas dadah - Tingkah laku tertuduh - Sama ada konsisten dengan perlakuan seseorang yang melakukan kesalahan - Keberhampiran dadah dengan kedua-dua tertuduh - Sama ada mencukupi untuk membuktikan niat bersama di antara tertuduh di bawah s. 34 Kanun Keseksaan
PP lwn. Mohd Haniff Mosbah & Satu Lagi
(Rohana Yusuf, Zakaria Sam, Ahmadi Asnawi HHMR) [2016] 3 CLJ 882 [CA]

Kesalahan - Perbuatan kelucahan melampau - Kanun Keseksaan, s. 377D - Tertuduh memegang kemaluan mangsa lelaki - Pembelaan bahawa tertuduh sekadar menjalankan perubatan batin dan tradisional atas mangsa - Sama ada pihak pendakwaan berjaya membuktikan intipati kesalahan - Sama ada mangsa rela - Sama ada kerelaan salah satu intipati kesalahan - Sama ada pihak pendakwaan berjaya membuktikan kes prima facie - Sama ada pembelaan berjaya menimbulkan keraguan munasabah terhadap kes pendakwaan
Asuria Ahmad lwn. PP
(Abu Bakar Katar PK) [2016] 3 CLJ 907 [HC]


ARTICLES

LNS Article(s)

  1. THE LEGACY OF MAGNA CARTA: JUSTICE IN THE 21ST CENTURY* [Read excerpt]
    by: THE RIGHT HON. THE LORD THOMAS OF CWMGIEDD
    LORD CHIEF JUSTICE OF ENGLAND AND WALES
    [2016] 1 LNS(A) xxxvii

  2. [2016] 1 LNS(A) xxxvii
    logo
    UNITED KINGDOM

    THE LEGACY OF MAGNA CARTA:
    JUSTICE IN THE 21ST CENTURY*

    by
    THE RIGHT HON. THE LORD THOMAS OF CWMGIEDD
    LORD CHIEF JUSTICE OF ENGLAND AND WALES

    Introduction

    1. It is both a pleasure and a privilege to have the opportunity of speaking at the Legal Research Foundation today, in the year in which the 800th anniversary of Magna Carta is celebrated, in which New Zealand celebrates the 25th anniversary of its Bill of Rights Act and in which the Legal Research Foundation celebrates its 50th anniversary.

    2. At this late stage of the 800th anniversary year, I hope you will forgive me if I skip over all attempts at a history lesson, for the use of Magna Carta by the judges of the courts of common law in the seventeenth century and its influence in the bills, charters, declarations and constitutions worldwide are so well known and have been much worked over this year.

    . . .

    * The Right Hon. The Lord Thomas, Speech To The Legal Research Foundation (New Zealand, 25 September 2015). Published with kind permission of the Judicial Communications Office, Judiciary of England and Wales (https://www.judiciary. gov.uk/wp-content/uploads/2015/10/the-legacy-of-magna-carta-lcj.pdf).


    Please subscribe to cljlaw or login for the full article.
LEGISLATION HIGHLIGHTS

Principal Acts

Number Title In force from Repealing
ACT 775 Traditional and Complementary Medicine Act 2016 Not Yet In Force -
ACT 774 Allied Health Professions Act 2016 Not Yet In Force -
ACT 773 Finance Act 2015 The Income Tax Act 1967 [Act 53] see s 3; The Petroleum (Income Tax) Act 1967 [Act 543] see s 33; The Real Property Gains Tax Act 1976 [Act 169] see s 39; The Labuan Business Activity Tax Act 1990 [Act 445] see s 44; The Goods and Services Tax Act 2014 [Act 762] see s 47; The Promotion of Investments Act 1986 [Act 327] see s 57 -
ACT 772 Animal Welfare Act 2015 Not Yet In Force -
ACT 771 Malaysian Aviation Commission Act 2015 1 March 2016 [PU(B) 88/2016] -

Amending Acts

Number Title In force from Principal/Amending Act No
ACT A1506 Tabung Angkatan Tentera (Amendment) Act 2016 8 March 2016 except s 2, para 4(c), ss 5 and 6, para 7(a) and ss 9 and 11; 1 January 2016 - s 2, para 4(c), ss 5 and 6, para 7(a) and ss 9 and 11 ACT 101
ACT A1505 Malaysia Deposit Insurance Corporation (Amendment) Act 2016 8 March 2016 ACT 720
ACT A1504 Employees Provident Fund (Amendment) Act 2016 1 April 2016 [PU(B) 136/2016] - ss 2, 4, 12, 16, 19 and 23, and para 24(b) and (c) ACT 452
ACT A1503 Supply Act 2016 24 December 2015  
ACT A1502 Development Financial Institutions (Amendment) Act 2015 31 January 2016 [PU(B) 46/2016] ACT 618

PU(A)

Number Title Date of Publication In force from Principal/ Amending Act No
PU(A) 106/2016 Income Tax (Exemption) (Amendment) (No. 3) Order 2016 20 April 2016 21 April 2016 PU(A) 150/2014
PU(A) 105/2016 Income Tax (Exemption) (Amendment) (No. 2) Order 2016 20 April 2016 21 April 2016 PU(A) 255/2008
PU(A) 104/2016 Income Tax (Exemption) (Amendment) Order 2016 20 April 2016 21 April 2016 PU(A) 199/2007
PU(A) 103/2016 Medical Device (Exemption) Order 2016 18 April 2016 19 April 2016 ACT 737
PU(A) 102/2016 Road Transport (Prohibition of Use of Road) (City of Kuala Lumpur) Order 2016 18 April 2016 18 April 2016 ACT 333

PU(B)

Number Title Date of Publication In force from Principal/ Amending Act No
PU(B) 161/2016 Notice of Initiation of Administrative Review of An Anti-Dumping Duty With Regard To The Imports of Polyethylene Terephthalate Originating or Exported From The Kingdom of Thailand 20 April 2016 21 April 2016 ACT 504
PU(B) 160/2016 Notification of Values of Crude Palm Oil Under Section 12 18 April 2016 1 May 2016 to 31 May 2016 ACT 235
PU(B) 159/2016 Reservation of Land For Public Purpose For Lot 80810 Mukim Batu 18 April 2016 19 April 2016 ACT 56/1965
PU(B) 158/2016 Notification of Application For Registration of New Plant Variety and Grant of Breeder's Right - 'avia' 18 April 2016 19 April 2016 ACT 634
PU(B) 157/2016 Notification of Application For Registration of New Plant Variety and Grant of Breeder's Right - Merdeka 18 April 2016 19 April 2016 ACT 634

Legislation Alert

Updated

Act/Principal No. Title Amended by In force from Section amended
PU(A) 150/2014 Income Tax (Exemption) Order 2014 PU(A) 106/2016 21 April 2016 Subparagraph 1(2)
PU(A) 255/2008 Income Tax (Exemption) (No. 6) Order 2008 PU(A) 105/2016 21 April 2016 Subparagraph 1(2)
PU(A) 199/2007 Income Tax (Exemption) (No. 15) Order 2007 PU(A) 104/2016 21 April 2016 Subparagraph 1(2)
ACT 94 Accountants Act 1967 (Revised 1972) PU(A) 91/2016 12 April 2016 First Schedule
ACT 51 Dental Act 1971 PU(A) 87/2016 5 April 2016 Second Schedule

 

Revoked

 

Act/Principal No. Title Revoked by In force from
PU(A) 264/2003 Lembaga Pembangunan Industri Pembinaan Malaysia (Imposition of Levy) Order 2003 PU(A) 96/2016 15 April 2016 to 31 December 2017
PU(A) 409/2006 National Skills Development (Fees and Charges) Regulations 2006 PU(A) 86/2016 1 July 2016
PU(B) 367/2015 Notice of Proposed Revocation of Reservation of Land For Public Purpose For Lot 50 Precinct 1 Town of Putrajaya PU(B) 120/2016 30 March 2016
PU(A) 497/2012 Malaysia Deposit Insurance Corporation (First Premium and Annual Premium in Respect of Insurer Members) Order 2012 PU(A) 49/2016 Assessment year of 2016
PU(B) 40/2008 Constitution of Medical Boards PU(A) 52/2016 8 March 2016