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CLJ Bulletin, Issue 2015, Vol 51
18 December 2015


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New This Week

1. Case(s) of the Week

  1. PP lwn. MHS (SEORANG KANAK-KANAK) [2015] 2 SMC 123

2. Latest Cases

  1. Legal Network Series

3. Articles

  1. LNS Article(s)

4. Legislation Highlights

  1. Principal Acts

  2. Amending Acts

  3. PU(A)

  4. PU(B)

  5. Legislation Alert


CASE(S) OF THE WEEK

PP lwn. MHS (SEORANG KANAK-KANAK) [2015] 2 SMC 123
MAHKAMAH MAJISTRET, KUALA PILAH
WAN NOR AKLIMA WAN SALLEH MJ
[KES TANGKAP NO: 83-88-05-14]
22 SEPTEMBER 2014

UNDANG-UNDANG JENAYAH: Akta Bahan-Bahan Kakisan dan Letupan dan Senjata Berbahaya 1958 - Seksyen 6(1) - Tertuduh didapati memiliki buluh dan parang di tempat awam - Tertuduh seorang kanak-kanak semasa kejadian dan berumur 18 tahun semasa dituduh - Pengakuan salah - Hukuman - Sama ada hukuman denda dikenakan - Sama ada perintah yang diberikan tertakluk kepada peruntukan s. 83(3) Akta Kanak-Kanak 2001 - Sama ada senjata-senjata yang dimiliki oleh tertuduh digunakan untuk menyebabkan kecederaan - Sama ada tertuduh mempunyai niat untuk melakukan jenayah - Sama ada tertuduh mempunyai masalah kesihatan - Sikap tertuduh - Laporan sosial - Sama ada dipertimbangkan - Akta Kanak-Kanak 2001, ss. 91(1)(d) & 93(1)(b)

PROSEDUR JENAYAH: Hukuman - Pesalah kanak-kanak - Akta Bahan-Bahan Kakisan dan Letupan dan Senjata Berbahaya 1958, s. 6(1) - Tertuduh seorang kanak-kanak semasa kejadian dan berumur 18 tahun semasa dituduh - Pengakuan salah - Sama ada hukuman denda dikenakan - Sama ada perintah yang diberikan tertakluk kepada peruntukan s. 83(3) Akta Kanak-Kanak 2001 - Sama ada senjata-senjata yang dimiliki oleh tertuduh digunakan untuk menyebabkan kecederaan - Sama ada tertuduh mempunyai niat untuk melakukan jenayah - Sama ada tertuduh mempunyai masalah kesihatan - Sikap tertuduh - Laporan sosial - Sama ada dipertimbangkan - Sama ada pertintah berbentuk bon sesuai diberikan terhadap tertuduh - Sama ada penjaga tertuduh dikehendaki melaksanakan bon berkelakuan baik - Akta Kanak-Kanak 2001, ss. 91(1)(d) & 93(1)(b) 

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LATEST CASES

Legal Network Series

[2014] 1 LNS 1596

MOHAMAD @ MOHAMED TIMBAR KAYOJO @ KAYORTO & YANG LAIN lwn. PENTADBIR TANAH DAERAH KOTA TINGGI, JOHOR & SATU LAGI

PROSEDUR SIVIL: Res judicata - Estoppel - Penyalahgunaan proses mahkamah - Isu yang telah diputuskan secara muktamad dalam tindakan yang terdahulu - Functus officio - Sama ada plaintif dihalang dari membangkitkan semula isu yang telah diputuskan di dalam tindakan yang terdahulu - Sama ada prinsip doktrin res judicata dan estoppel terpakai untuk menghalang sesuatu tindakan yang telah diputuskan diulangkan untuk dihakimi semula - Sama ada mahkamah adalah functus officio atas isu-isu yang telah diputuskan secara muktamad

UNDANG-UNDANG TANAH: Hakmilik - Tanah diberi hak milik kali kedua - Undang-undang yang terpakai - Dokumen hakmilik telah dikeluarkan di bawah Kanun Tanah Negara - Sama ada tanah tertakluk kepada peruntukan dibawah Kanun Tanah Negara atau Akta Tanah (Kawasan Penempatan Berkelompok) 1960

UNDANG-UNDANG TANAH: Gadaian - Perintah jualan - Perintah jualan melalui lelongan awam - Kebenaran pihak berkuasa negeri - Sama ada proses untuk memperoleh perintah jualan melalui lelongan awam bergantung sepenuhnya kepada prosedur yang ditetapkan di bawah Kanun Tanah Negara - Sama ada kebenaran pihak berkuasa negeri perlu dipohon untuk perintah lelongan awam - Kanun Tanah Negara, s. 263

[2015] 1 LNS 129

AR HAJI NAZLAN BAHARUDIN & SATU LAGI lwn. KORIDOR PADU SDN BHD & YANG LAIN

TORT: Fitnah - Libel - Penerbitan surat-surat kepada pihak ketiga - Kerosakan reputasi dan kewibawaan - Niat jahat - Kecederaan seseorang dalam pekerjaan, perdagangan, perniagaan dan profession atau jawatan - Tuduhan ketidakjujuran - Sama ada perkataan-perkataan dalam surat adalah fitnah dalam maksud semulajadi dan biasa - Sama ada perkataan-perkataan yang didakwa mempunyai unsur-unsur fitnah dan berupaya mempengaruhi minda orang ramai dan menimbulkan keraguan terhadap reputasi baik plaintif-plaintif

TORT: Fitnah - Pembelaan - Justifikasi - Penerbitan surat kepada pihak ketiga berikutan gangguan plaintif dalam kontrak antara defendan dan pihak ketiga - Sama ada kebenaran kenyataan yang telah dikeluarkan telah dibuktikan oleh defendan - Sama ada pembelaan justifikasi terpakai - Akta Fitnah 1957, s. 8

TORT: Ganti rugi - Gangguan - Gangguan dalam kontrak - Pembatalan kontrak antara defendan dan pihak ketiga akibat gangguan plaintif - Sama ada tuntutan ganti rugi pembatalan kontrak boleh dibawa dalam suatu kes yang berasaskan tort gangguan kepada kontrak

TORT: Ganti rugi - Fitnah - Taksiran ganti rugi - Pertimbangan dalam taksiran ganti rugi - Tuntutan ganti rugi terhadap pengarah-pengarah yang menulis dan menerbitkan kenyataan fitnah dengan menggunakan kepala surat syarikat - Kecederaan seseorang dalam pekerjaan, perdagangan, perniagaan dan profession atau jawatan - Tuduhan ketidakjujuran - Kerosakan reputasi - Sama ada sikap tidak mempedulikan permintaan maaf yang disarankan oleh plaintif perlu diambil kira dalam taksiran ganti rugi - Sama ada pengarah-pengarah yang menulis dan menerbitkan kenyataan fitnah dengan menggunakan kepala surat syarikat harus turut bertanggungan terhadap ganti rugi

[2015] 1 LNS 197

MUHAMMAD SAYYIF MUZAFFAR ABD RAHMAN & ANOR v. DR KHAMSIAH HJ MUDA & ORS

CIVIL PROCEDURE: Time - Delay in applying to set aside judgment - Setting aside consent judgment - Application made three months after consent judgment was made - Whether application made out of time - Rules of Court 2012, O. 42 r. 13

CIVIL PROCEDURE: Consent order - Setting aside, application for - Exceptional circumstances - Inherent jurisdiction of court to set aside consent judgment - Allegation of lack of advice and failure to explain terms of consent judgment by counsel - Whether consent judgment ought to be set aside in absence of proof to show existence of fraud and mistake of fact or law made at time consent judgment was entered

[2015] 1 LNS 215

MAGICAL CAPITAL SDN BHD v. SHARIKAT GALIAN RAZAK SDN BHD

CONTRACT: Building contract - Claim for work done - Claim by sub-contractor - Whether plaintiff completed work and entitled to payment - Whether plaintiff substantiated its claim with documentary evidence - Whether production of invoices material to prove claim for work done - Whether undisputed progress claim is evidence of completion of work - Whether plaintiff's work was carried out in accordance with defendant's instructions

[2015] 1 LNS 217

MS COOLING SDN BHD v. GERIMIS BAIDURI SDN BHD

CIVIL PROCEDURE: Striking out - Notice of appeal - Non-compliance with statutory requirements of Form 111 of Rules of Court 2012 ('ROC') - Failure to insert name of appellant and precisely state part of judgment being appealed - Whether caused prejudice to respondent in preparing for appeal - Whether could cause uncertainty and difficulty to judge when writing grounds of judgment - Whether notice of appeal ought to be struck out for non-compliance with statutory requirements of Form 111 ROC - ROC, O. 55 r. 3(1) & r. 3(2)

CIVIL PROCEDURE: Striking out - Notice of appeal - Failure to effectually serve notice of appeal - Service of duplicate copy of notice of appeal - Whether failure to serve duplicate copy of notice of appeal was fatal and non-curable - ROC, O. 55 r. 3(4)


ARTICLES

LNS Article(s)

  1. LEGAL HISTORY OF EDUCATION IN MALAYSIA: A MARRIAGE OF WESTERN AND EASTERN EDUCATIONAL LEGACY [Read excerpt]
    by: MOHAMED ISHAK ABDUL HAMID*
    NIK AZAHANI NIK MOHAMMAD**
    [2015] 1 LNS(A) cii

  2. [2015] 1 LNS(A) cii
    logo
    MALAYSIA

    LEGAL HISTORY OF EDUCATION IN MALAYSIA:
    A MARRIAGE OF WESTERN AND EASTERN EDUCATIONAL LEGACY

    by
    MOHAMED ISHAK ABDUL HAMID*
    NIK AZAHANI NIK MOHAMMAD**

    Abstract

    The article seeks to expound on the legal history of education which has evolved over different times and space across various civilizations. The unfolding historical events in human educational history have witnessed the birth and growth of educational philosophies, methodologies, principles and practices and legal philosophy which transformed educational policies, rules, regulations and legislations to impose controlling mechanisms over educational institutions' existence and operation. These developments transcended across the Western and Eastern educational experiences from ancient to modern times resulting in the establishment of a unique national and vernacular education system in Malaysia. The writer explored a variety of sources, inter alia, courts' reported cases, articles from scholarly journals and textbooks, to expose various issues and aspects of educational practices, methodologies and policies formulation which led to the birth of various systems of education in the United States, United Kingdom and Malaysia. An analysis on the legal history of western and eastern education, the role played by teachers and educational administrators and the process of legalization are pertinent to the understanding of the legacy and the present system of education in Malaysia.

    Keywords:secular education, vernacular education, Islamic education, policy, legislation, educators, administrators

    . . .

    * Lecturer, Faculty of Law, Multimedia University Malaysia, Ph. D (Law), M. Ed (Curriculum & Instruction), LL.B (Hons), International Islamic University Malaysia. B.A. (Hons), University of Calgary, Alberta, Canada, Cert. Ed. (Merit/General), Cert. Developmental Guidance, Institute of Education, University of Singapore, Consultant, Trainer, Lead Assessor — Quality Management System (SIRIM- Malaysia, IATCA- Australia, IEMA- UK), Cert. Mediation (Australia), Mediator, Arbitrator, Adjudicator- KLRCA, MIArb, CIArb (UK).

    ** Educator and Vice-Principal, M. Ed (Curriculum & Instruction), Institute of Education, LL.B (Hons), LL.B (Shariah)(Hons), and Ph.D candidate at Ahmad Ibrahim Kulliyah of Laws, International University Malaysia.


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  3. PRIVACY & THE INTERNET* [Read excerpt]
    by: THE RT. HON. LORD JUSTICE LEVESON [2015] 1 LNS(A) ciii

  4. [2015] 1 LNS(A) ciii
    logo
    UNITED KINGDOM

    PRIVACY & THE INTERNET*
    by
    THE RT. HON. LORD JUSTICE LEVESON

    (1) Introduction

    1. Can I start by thanking the Communications Law Centre at UTS for the invitation to attend and speak at this important Seminar? I am delighted to be here.

    2. I doubt that it comes as a surprise to anyone to learn that I have spent the last 17 months engaged in an Inquiry in connection with the culture, practices and ethics of the press in the United Kingdom. My Report, which with an Executive Summary, runs to over 2,000 pages was published on 29 November amp;mdash; just over a week ago amp;mdash; and already a great deal of water has passed under the bridge in connection with it. It may be some of you are hoping that I will elaborate or take you behind the scenes of the Inquiry. I am afraid that you are going to be disappointed. When I launched the Report which must be read in the context of the Terms of Reference for the Inquiry, I said this:

    I believe that the Report can and must speak for itself; to that end, I will be making no further comment. Nobody will be speaking for me about its contents either now or in the future.

    . . .

    * The Rt. Hon. Lord Justice Leveson, Communications Law Centre, University Of Technology Sydney (Australia, 7 December 2012). Published with kind permission of the Judicial Communications Office, Judiciary of England and Wales (https://www.judiciary.gov.uk/wp-content/uploads/JCO/Documents/Speeches/lj-leveson-speech-privacy-internet-07122012.pdf).


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LEGISLATION HIGHLIGHTS

Principal Acts

Number Title In force from Repealing
ACT 771 Malaysian Aviation Commission Act 2015 Not Yet In Force -
ACT 770 Special Measures Against Terrorism In Foreign Countries Act 2015 15 June 2015 [PU(B) 250/2015] -
ACT 769 Prevention of Terrorism Act 2015 1 September 2015 [PU(B) 345/2015] -
ACT 768 Technologists and Technicians Act 2015 1 August 2015 [PU(B) 286/2015] -
ACT 767 Public Sector Home Financing Board Act 2015 1 July 2015 [PU(B) 265/2015] except Parts IV, V, VI and VIII; 24 August 2015 [PU(B) 335/2015] - Parts V and VI -

Amending Acts

Number Title In force from Principal/Amending Act No
ACT A1502 Development Financial Institutions (Amendment) Act 2015 Not Yet In Force ACT 618
ACT A1501 Electricity Supply (Amendment) Act 2015 Not Yet In Force ACT 447
ACT A1500 Anti-Trafficking In Persons and Anti-Smuggling of Migrants (Amendment) Act 2015 18 November 2015 [PU(B) 460/2015] ACT 670
ACT A1499 Capital Markets and Services (Amendment) Act 2015 15 September 2015 [PU(B) 369/2015] ACT 671
ACT A1498 Consumer Protection (Amendment) Act 2015 Not Yet In Force ACT 599

PU(A)

Number Title Date of Publication In force from Principal/ Amending Act No
PU(A) 290/2015 Goods and Services Tax (Zero-Rated Supply) (Amendment) (No. 2) Order 2015 14 December 2015 1 January 2016 PU(A) 272/2014
PU(A) 289/2015 Dental (Exemption) Order 2015 14 December 2015 15 December 2015 ACT 51
PU(A) 288/2015 Federal Roads (Seri Kembangan Interchange) Order 2015 11 December 2015 13 December 2015 ACT 376
PU(A) 287/2015 Speed Limit (Seri Kembangan Interchange) Order 2015 11 December 2015 13 December 2015 ACT 333
PU(A) 285/2015 Customs (Prohibition of Imports) (Amendment) (No. 7) Order 2015 - Corrigendum 4 December 2015 4 December 2015 PU(A) 226/2015

PU(B)

Number Title Date of Publication In force from Principal/ Amending Act No
PU(B) 487/2015 Appointment of Inquiry Officer Under Section 9 11 December 2015 11 December 2015 ACT 769
PU(B) 486/2015 Appointment of Inquiry Officer Under Section 8 11 December 2015 11 December 2015 ACT 297
PU(B) 485/2015 Notification of Revocation of Licence Under Subsection 15(1) 11 December 2015 12 December 2015 ACT 156
PU(B) 484/2015 Appointment of Notary Public 10 December 2015 Specified in column (3) of the Schedule ACT 115
PU(B) 483/2015 Reservation of Land For Public Purpose For Lot 201178 Mukim Setapak 8 December 2015 9 December 2015 ACT 56/1965

Legislation Alert

Updated

Act/Principal No. Title Amended by In force from Section amended
PU(A) 490/2012 Customs (Prohibition of Imports) Order 2012 PU(A) 226/2015 1 November 2015 First Schedule, Second Schedule and Fourth Schedule
PU(A) 226/2015 Customs (Prohibition of Imports) (Amendment) (No. 7) Order 2015 PU(A) 285/2015 4 December 2015 Paragraph 4
ACT 117 Architects Act 1967 (Revised 1973) ACT A1480 1 June 2015 - paragraphs 3(d) and (p) and section 23; 30 November 2015 except paragraphs 3(d) and (p) and section 23 [PU(B) 470/2015] Sections 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 7A, 7B, 8, 9, 10, 10A, 12, 13, 14, 15A, 16, 17, 18, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25, 26, 26A, 27, 27A, 27B, 27C, 27D, 27E, 27F, 27G, 27H, 27I, 27J, PART VB - 27K, 27L, 27M, 27N, 27O, 27P, 27Q, 27R, 27S, PART VC - 27T, 27U, 27V, 27W, 27X, 27Y, 27Z, 27ZA, 27ZB, 28, 33, 34A,34B and 35B
PU(A) 217/2014 Income Tax (Accelerated Capital Allowance) (Information and Communication Technology Equipment) Rules 2014 PU(A) 284/2015 Year of assessment 2014 Rule 7
PU(A) 221/2015 Passport (Visa to Tourist From the People's Republic of China) (Exemption) Order 2015 PU(A) 283/2015 1 December 2015 until 31 March 2016 Paragraph 2

Revoked

Act/Principal No. Title Revoked by In force from
PU(A) 390/2001 Malaysian Rubber Board (Establishment of Corporation) (RRIM-Consult Corporation) Order 2001 PU(A) 266/2015 15 November 2015
PU(A) 436/2011 Statutory Bodies (Discipline and Surcharge) (Amendment of Second Schedule) Order 2011 PU(A) 253/2015 1 July 2015
PU(A) 479/2012 Capital Markets and Services (Prescription of Capital Market Product) (Islamic Capital Market Product) Order 2012 ACT A1499 15 September 2015 [PU(B) 369/2015]
PU(A) 478/2012 Capital Markets and Services (Prescription of Islamic Securities) Order 2012 [Revoked By Act A1499] ACT A1499 15 September 2015 [PU(B) 369/2015]
PU(B) 487/2014 Appointment and Revocation of Appointment of Registrar of Fishermen's Associations PU(B) 322/2015 Appointment - 18 May 2015; Revocation of Appointment - 4 April 2015