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CLJ Bulletin, Issue 2015, Vol 48
27 November 2015


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New This Week

1. Case(s) of the Week

  1. GIGA ENGINEERING & CONSTRUCTION SDN BHD v. YIP CHEE SENG & SONS SDN BHD & ANOR [2015] 9 CLJ 537

  2. MKINI DOTCOM SDN BHD & ORS v. CHIEF JUDGE OF MALAYA & ORS [2015] 9 CLJ 459

  3. FULIJAYA MANUFACTURING SDN BHD lwn. UNIVERSITI SAINS MALAYSIA [2015] 2 SMC 16

2. Latest Cases

  1. Legal Network Series

  2. CLJ 2015 Volume 9 (Part 4)

  3. CLJ 2015 Volume 9 (Part 5)

3. Articles

  1. LNS Article(s)

4. Legislation Highlights

  1. Principal Acts

  2. Amending Acts

  3. PU(A)

  4. PU(B)

  5. Legislation Alert


CASE(S) OF THE WEEK

GIGA ENGINEERING & CONSTRUCTION SDN BHD v.
YIP CHEE SENG & SONS SDN BHD & ANOR
[2015] 9 CLJ 537
FEDERAL COURT, PUTRAJAYA
RAUS SHARIF PCA, ZULKEFLI AHMAD MAKINUDIN CJ (MALAYA), RICHARD MALANJUM CJ (SABAH & SARAWAK), ABDULL HAMID EMBONG FCJ, JEFFREY TAN FCJ
[CIVIL APPEAL NO: 02(f)-83-12-2013 (W)]
27 OCTOBER 2015

CIVIL PROCEDURE: Pleadings - Evidence - Companies and corporations - Lifting of corporate veil - Allegation that contractual obligations avoided due to controlling position of common/connected officers and shareholders in management of companies - Whether companies were 'single' entity - Whether there was evidence of abuse, fraud or any special circumstances by companies to justify lifting of corporate veil

COMPANY LAW: Lifting of corporate veil - Dispute arising from failure of joint venture of companies to award subcontract works - Allegation that contractual obligations avoided due to controlling position of common/connected officers and shareholders in management of companies - Whether companies were 'single' entity - Whether there was basis for lifting of corporate veil - Whether there was abuse by companies - Concept of corporate separate entities - Whether failure to award subcontract works resulted from manipulation or abuse of 'single' entity - Whether there was evidence of fraud or any special circumstances to justify lifting of corporate veil

CONTRACT: Breach - Agreement - Pre-tender agreement - Plaintiff to be awarded subcontract works if defendants secured main subcontract works for project with another party - Clause in agreement stipulated that joint venture becomes void if first defendant fails to secure main subcontract works - First defendant failed to secure main subcontract works - Whether defendants in breach of joint venture by failing and/or refusing to award plaintiff's portion - Whether joint venture existed


MKINI DOTCOM SDN BHD & ORS v. CHIEF JUDGE OF MALAYA & ORS [2015] 9 CLJ 459
HIGH COURT MALAYA, KUALA LUMPUR
ASMABI MOHAMAD J
[JUDICIAL REVIEW NO: 25-164-06-2015]
3 AUGUST 2015

ADMINISTRATIVE LAW: Judicial review - Application for - Distribution of business among judges - Powers conferred to Chief Judge of Malaya pursuant to s. 20 of Courts of Judicature Act 1964 ('CJA') - Whether directives given by Chief Judge of Malaya under s. 20 of CJA open to challenge - Whether applicants' application for judicial review was frivolous, vexatious and filed out of time - Whether applicants had liberty to apply for recusal against assigned judge


FULIJAYA MANUFACTURING SDN BHD lwn. UNIVERSITI SAINS MALAYSIA [2015] 2 SMC 16
MAHKAMAH SESYEN, BUTTERWORTH
ROSLAN HAMID HS
[SAMAN NO: 52-2289-10-2011]
30 MAC 2015

KONTRAK: Pembentukan - Tiada kontrak bertulis ditandatangani - Perkhidmatan untuk menghasilkan contoh berus gigi ciptaan baru - Tuntutan bayaran bagi perkhidmatan yang diberikan atas pesanan dan permintaan defendan - Sama ada deraf perjanjian dipinda oleh plaintif - Sama ada plaintif menarik diri sebelum perjanjian ditandatangani - Sama ada plaintif tidak akan mengenakan bayaran bagi kerja-kerja yang dibuat sekiranya plaintif diberi hak pengkomersilan berus gigi - Sama ada barangan yang dinyatakan dalam invois dibekalkan kepada defendan - Sama ada kontrak wujud di antara pihak-pihak

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LATEST CASES

Legal Network Series

[2014] 1 LNS 1472

WASAL CONSTRUCTION SDN BHD lwn. TENAGA NASIONAL BERHAD

UTILITI-UTILITI: Elektrik - Pembekalan - Gangguan serta usikan jangkameter elektrik oleh pengguna - Liabiliti oleh pemilik akaun berdaftar dan pemilik premis - Dakwaan, usikan dibuat oleh pihak ketiga - Sama ada pemilik akaun dan pemilik premis adalah bertangungan keatas usikan pada jangkameter elektrik - Sama ada pihak ketiga boleh bertanggungjawab jika pemilik tidak tinggal di premis dimana akaun didaftar

[2014] 1 LNS 1479

WONG SENG CHANG lwn. MAGS SDN BHD

PROSEDUR SIVIL: Penghakiman terus - Kontrak - Kemungkiran kontrak pekerjaan - Kontrak pekerjaan untuk suatu tempoh yang dipersetujui sebagai balasan kepada perbelanjaan kursus - Tuntutan ganti rugi yang dipersetujui - Kes yang nyata dan jelas - Sama ada plaintif telah membuktikan tuntutannya dengan penjelasan yang jelas - Sama ada plaintif berhak untuk menuntut ganti rugi yang telah dipersetujui apabila defendan gagal melaksanakan tanggungjawab kontrak dengan plaintif untuk suatu tempoh yang telah dipersetujui

PROSEDUR SIVIL: Penghakiman terus - Kontrak - Isu-isu untuk dibicarakan - Kesahihan kontrak pekerjaan - Pertikaian tandatangan dalam perjanjian - Ketiadaan pembayaran setem dibawah Akta Setem 1949 - Isu yang tidak diplidkan di dalam pembelaan - Sama ada defendan telah membangkitkan isu-isu yang mewajarkan perbicaraan - Sama ada defendan yang tidak memplidkan sesuatu isu di dalam pembelaan boleh membangkitkan isu tersebut di dalam permohonan penghakiman terus sebagai isu yang boleh dibicarakan

KONTRAK: Kemungkiran - Kontrak pekerjaan - Perletakkan jawatan sebelum tempoh kontrak tamat - Sama ada perletakkan jawatan sebelum penamatan tempoh kontrak adalah satu kemungkiran

[2015] 1 LNS 73

MD ARIS RIFEN v. MUHAMMAD ZARIF ABDULLAH MENON & ORS

COMPANY LAW: Shares - Sale of shares - Validity - Allegation of failure to pay price of shares - Conspiracy - Whether there was conspiracy to increase paid up capital of company - Whether there was wrongful allotment of shares

EVIDENCE: Documentary evidence - Admissibility of - Maker of several documents was not present in court - Whether documents could still be admitted as evidence - Whether all reasonable steps have been made to find maker of documents

EVIDENCE: Documentary evidence - Weight - Admissibility of documents marked for identification - Short message service ('SMS') marked as ID at conclusion of trial - Whether court ought to ignore documents marked as ID

EVIDENCE: Witness - Interested witness - Testimony by wife - Whether there was possibility of evidence tendered being slanted towards husband - Whether safe to rely on testimony given by wife - Whether testimony should be treated with caution

EVIDENCE: Proof of - Loan - Granting of substantial amount of personal loan - Action to recover money loaned through counterclaim - Existence of loan agreement only - Whether there was evidence to support granting of loan - Whether loan agreement alone would suffice to prove transaction of money being handed over - Whether there was any evidence tendered to show loan amount was handed over

[2015] 1 LNS 127

GIRITHARAN E RAJARATNAM lwn. MANGALESWARY PONNAMPALAN

UNDANG-UNDANG KELUARGA: Perceraian - Pembahagian harta perkahwinan - Pembelian harta menggunakan hasil pendapatan suami sepenuhnya - Sumbangan isteri dalam pengurusan rumahtangga - Sama ada sumbangan isteri dalam pengurusan rumahtangga harus diambil kira dalam pembahagian harta perkahwinan - Sama ada pembahagian harta perkahwinan pada kadar 70% kepada suami dan 30% kepada isteri adalah wajar dan munasabah

UNDANG-UNDANG KELUARGA: Perceraian - Nafkah - Pemberian nafkah sebelum dekri nisi - Taksiran nafkah - Nafkah untuk isteri - Faktor-faktor untuk dipertimbangkan - Sama ada tanggungan pihak-pihak mengenai punca perceraian dan sumbangan pihak-pihak keatas harta perkahwinan harus diambil kira dalam mempertimbangkan pemberian nafkah

UNDANG-UNDANG KELUARGA: Nafkah - Isteri - Pemberian nafkah selepas dekri nisi - Taksiran nafkah - Faktor-faktor untuk dipertimbangkan - Sama ada darjah kebertangungjawaban pihak-pihak harus diambil kira dalam penaksiran nafkah

[2015] 1 LNS 266

SHAARI WAHAB v. TIMBALAN PENDAKWA RAYA

CRIMINAL PROCEDURE: Appeal - Appeal against conviction and sentence - Sexual offence - Statutory rape - Reliance on evidence of victim and circumstantial evidence - Whether sufficient to secure a conviction - Whether evidence of victim credible and consistent with circumstantial evidence - Whether trial court had properly assessed credibility of victim

EVIDENCE: Credibility - Witness - Sexual offence - Victim pretended to be asleep during commission of crime - Victim was reluctant to expose previous similar incident - Lack of commotion, struggle or fight between victim and accused during commission of crime - Whether raised a question on credibility of victim


CLJ 2015 Volume 9 (Part 4)

COURT

FEDERAL COURT

SKB Shutters Manufacturing Sdn Bhd v. Seng Kong Shutter Industries Sdn Bhd & Anor
(Intellectual Property - Infringement - Validity of patent) [2015] 9 CLJ 405 [FC]

COURT OF APPEAL

Bounty Dynamics Sdn Bhd v. Chow Tat Ming & Ors
(Contract - Purchase of properties - Representations by brochures and newsletters - Claim for damages for misrepresentation and breach of contract) [2015] 9 CLJ 422 [CA]

Mustafa Tambun lwn. PP & Rayuan Yang Lain
(Undang-Undang Jenayah; Prosedur Jenayah - Pertuduhan asal di bawah s. 39B(1)(a) Akta Dadah Berbahaya 1952 - Sabitan di bawah s. 6 - Sama ada pengedaran pertuduhan asal dibuktikan) [2015] 9 CLJ 445 [CA]

HIGH COURT

Majlis Peguam Malaysia v. Yap Min Ch'ng
(Legal Profession - Petition to be admitted and enrolled as Advocate and Solicitor - Objection by Bar Council) [2015] 9 CLJ 454 [HC]

Mkini Dotcom Sdn Bhd & Ors v. Chief Judge Of Malaya & Ors
(Administrative Law - Judicial review - Distribution of business among judges by Chief Judge of Malaya - Whether open to challenge) [2015] 9 CLJ 459 [HC]

Norhazlena Abdurani & Ors v. Antonio Sim Peak Khiong & Ors
(Civil Procedure; Contract - Summary application - Dispute as to transfer of land - Rephrasing of questions of law - Discretion of court - Limitation period - Land Code (Cap 81)(Sarawak), ss. 8 (a) & (b) [2015] 9 CLJ 476 [HC]

PP lwn. Ahmad Sazali Md Desa
(Prosedur Jenayah; Undang-Undang Jenayah - Rasuah - Sama ada kes prima facie dibuktikan - Sama ada Hakim Mahkamah Sesyen wajar mempersoalkan keputusan Mahkamah Rayuan) [2015] 9 CLJ 493 [HC]

Teik Huat Farming Sdn Bhd & Ors v. Megat Ahmad Shahrani Sdn Bhd & Ors
(Tort - Negligence - Breach of duty of care - Claim for damages due to flooding - Nuisance) [2015] 9 CLJ 511 [HC]

Universal Trustee (Malaysia) Bhd v. Dynawell Corporation (M) Sdn Bhd & Anor
(Civil Procedure; Land Law - Foreclosure proceedings - Conflicting valuation reports) [2015] 9 CLJ 531 [HC]

SUBJECT INDEX

ADMINISTRATIVE LAW

Judicial review - Application for - Distribution of business among judges - Powers conferred to Chief Judge of Malaya pursuant to s. 20 of Courts of Judicature Act 1964 ('CJA') - Whether directives given by Chief Judge of Malaya under s. 20 of CJA open to challenge - Whether applicants' application for judicial review was frivolous, vexatious and filed out of time - Whether applicants had liberty to apply for recusal against assigned judge
Mkini Dotcom Sdn Bhd & Ors v. Chief Judge Of Malaya & Ors
(Asmabi Mohamad J) [2015] 9 CLJ 459 [HC]

CIVIL PROCEDURE

Action - Cause of action - Dispute as to transfer of land - Whether transaction tainted with illegality - Whether contravened s. 8(a) and (b) of Land Code (Cap 81) (Sarawak) - Whether plaintiffs entitled to claim for loss and damages
Norhazlena Abdurani & Ors v. Antonio Sim Peak Khiong & Ors
(Lee Heng Cheong J) [2015] 9 CLJ 476 [HC]

Limitation of action - Contract - Breach of letter of undertaking - Whether plaintiffs claim time barred - Sarawak Limitation Ordinance, Schedule item 94
Norhazlena Abdurani & Ors v. Antonio Sim Peak Khiong & Ors
(Lee Heng Cheong J) [2015] 9 CLJ 476 [HC]

Limitation of action - Contract - Compensation for breach of oral retainer - Rendering negligent advice - Limitation period for breach of oral retainer - Whether action time barred - Sarawak Limitation Ordinance, Schedule item 93
Norhazlena Abdurani & Ors v. Antonio Sim Peak Khiong & Ors
(Lee Heng Cheong J) [2015] 9 CLJ 476 [HC]

Limitation of action - Malfeasance - Compensation for - Rendering negligent advice - Limitation period of tort of malfeasance - Whether action time barred - Sarawak Limitation Ordinance, Schedule item 19 & 97
Norhazlena Abdurani & Ors v. Antonio Sim Peak Khiong & Ors
(Lee Heng Cheong J) [2015] 9 CLJ 476 [HC]

Stay of proceedings - Application for - Order of sale - Foreclosure proceedings - Senior Assistant Registrar fixed auction date - Application for stay of foreclosure proceedings including auction - Allegation that there was interested foreign bidder - Averment that proceedings should be stayed until foreign bidder was allowed to obtain requisite consent to acquire property - Whether foreign bidder had financial capability to purchase property at or above fixed reserve price - Whether proceedings and auction should be stayed
Universal Trustee (Malaysia) Bhd v. Dynawell Corporation (M) Sdn Bhd & Anor
(Rosnaini Saub J) [2015] 9 CLJ 531 [HC]

Summary application - Rules of Court 2012, O. 14A - Summary determination of claim - Rephrasing of questions of law in notice of application - Discretion of court - Whether court had discretion to draft or re-draft questions of law
Norhazlena Abdurani & Ors v. Antonio Sim Peak Khiong & Ors
(Lee Heng Cheong J) [2015] 9 CLJ 476 [HC]

CONTRACT

Breach - Agreement - Sale and purchase agreement - Purchase of properties in commercial complex due to representations by brochures and newsletters - Whether appellant built complex according to representations - Whether appellant failed to carry out representations made in brochures and newsletters - Whether there was evidence of deceit and fraudulent misrepresentation - Whether respondents could claim for damages for misrepresentation and breach of contract - Whether first respondent authorised to act on behalf of other purchasers - Whether there was agreement to limit number of witnesses
Bounty Dynamics Sdn Bhd v. Chow Tat Ming & Ors
(Mohamad Ariff Yusof, Abang Iskandar, Umi Kalthum Abdul Majid JJCA) [2015] 9 CLJ 422 [CA]

Contingent contract - Refund - Claim for refund of money depending on contingency of event - Whether plaintiffs allowed to claim for refund - Whether refund subject to contingency of specific event
Norhazlena Abdurani & Ors v. Antonio Sim Peak Khiong & Ors
(Lee Heng Cheong J) [2015] 9 CLJ 476 [HC]

INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY

Patent - Infringement - Validity of patent - Whether lacked novelty and inventive step - Patent comprised of multiple claims - Whether court required to assess claim dependent on independent claims before invalidating patent - Whether product was embodiment of patent claims - Whether claims should be compared with prior art in finding patent invalid - Whether claims could be construed without assistance of skilled persons
SKB Shutters Manufacturing Sdn Bhd v. Seng Kong Shutter Industries Sdn Bhd & Anor
(Zulkefli Ahmad Makinudin CJ (Malaya), Abdull Hamid Embong, Jeffrey Tan, Mohamed Apandi Ali, Abu Samah Nordin FCJJ) [2015] 9 CLJ 405 [FC]

LAND LAW

Valuation report - Conflicting valuation reports - Senior Assistant Registrar ('SAR') fixed reserve price for sale of property at RM210 million in first summons for directions - Auction date fixed by SAR but vacated by plaintiff - Plaintiff applied for second summons for directions and relied on valuation report in first summons for direction - First defendant adduced valuation report that land's value was RM268 million - SAR opted for valuation report by plaintiff - Whether plaintiff's valuation report recent and current - Whether plaintiff's valuation report should prevail over first defendant's valuation report
Universal Trustee (Malaysia) Bhd v. Dynawell Corporation (M) Sdn Bhd & Anor
(Rosnaini Saub J) [2015] 9 CLJ 531 [HC]

LEGAL PROFESSION

Admission - Objection - Petition to be admitted and enrolled as Advocate and Solicitor of High Court of Malaya - Objection by Bar Council - Allegation that petitioner was under police investigation - Petitioner suspected of cheating by personation - Offence under s. 416 of Penal Code - Whether there was concrete evidence of petitioner's bad character - Legal Professions Act 1976, ss. 11(1)(b), 16 & 17
Majlis Peguam Malaysia v. Yap Min Ch'ng
(Zaleha Yusof J) [2015] 9 CLJ 454 [HC]

TORT

Negligence - Breach of duty of care - Claim for damages due to flooding in plaintiff's prawn farms - Whether flood caused by negligence of defendants in constructing bund and placing of culverts which blocked free flow of water - Whether culverts were of inadequate capacity - Whether floods due to exceptional rainfall - Whether plaintiffs could claim for damages - Whether defendants could rely on defence of volenti non fit injuria
Teik Huat Farming Sdn Bhd & Ors v. Megat Ahmad Shahrani Sdn Bhd & Ors

(SM Komathy Suppiah JC) [2015] 9 CLJ 511 [HC]

Nuisance - Flooding - Claim for damages due to flooding in plaintiff's prawn farms - Whether flood caused by negligence of defendants in constructing bund and placing of culverts which blocked free flow of water - Whether bund potential nuisance due to culvert placed in bund which were of inadequate capacity - Whether bund constructed to build bridge for convenience of residents
Teik Huat Farming Sdn Bhd & Ors v. Megat Ahmad Shahrani Sdn Bhd & Ors
(SM Komathy Suppiah JC) [2015] 9 CLJ 511 [HC]

INDEKS PERKARA

PROSEDUR JENAYAH

Rayuan - Rayuan terhadap pelepasan dan pembebasan - Rasuah - Pertuduhan menerima wang suapan - Akta Suruhanjaya Pencegahan Rasuah Malaysia 2009, s. 17(a) - Hakim Mahkamah Sesyen memutuskan pihak pembelaan gagal membuktikan kes prima facie - Tertuduh dilepaskan dan dibebaskan tanpa dipanggil membela diri - Keputusan Mahkamah Sesyen disahkan oleh Mahkamah Tinggi - Mahkamah Rayuan memutuskan wujud kes prima facie dan memerintahkan tertuduh membela diri di hadapan Hakim Mahkamah Sesyen yang sama - Hakim Mahkamah Sesyen tidak bersetuju dengan perintah Mahkamah Rayuan agar pembelaan dipanggil - Tertuduh dilepaskan dan dibebaskan sekali lagi - Sama ada Hakim Mahkamah Sesyen tersalah arah dalam melepaskan dan membebaskan tertuduh - Sama ada Hakim Mahkamah Sesyen terikat dengan keputusan awal - Sama ada Hakim Mahkamah Sesyen bertindak wajar dalam mempersoalkan keputusan Mahkamah Rayuan
PP lwn. Ahmad Sazali Md Desa
(Kamardin Hashim H) [2015] 9 CLJ 493 [HC]

Sabitan dan hukuman - Rayuan terhadap - Tertuduh dituduh dengan pertuduhan asal pengedaran dadah berbahaya di bawah s. 39B(1)(a) Akta Dadah Berbahaya 1952 - Pembelaan berjaya mengakas andaian di bawah s. 37(da) tetapi gagal menimbulkan keraguan munasabah terhadap kesalahan milikan - Tertuduh disabitkan di bawah s. 6 - Sama ada 'mens rea possession' dibuktikan - Karektor ditimbulkan semasa perbicaraan - Sama ada hakim bicara terkhilaf apabila menerima fakta kewujudan karektor - Sama ada terdapat keterangan kukuh untuk pembuktian 'pengedaran' di bawah pertuduhan asal - Sama ada tertuduh wajar dijatuhkan hukuman mati mandatori
Mustafa Tambun lwn. PP & Rayuan Yang Lain
(Mohtarudin Baki, Tengku Maimun Tuan Mat, Zakaria Sam HHMR) [2015] 9 CLJ 445 [CA]

UNDANG-UNDANG JENAYAH

Akta Dadah Berbahaya 1952 - Seksyen 39B(1)(a) - Pertuduhan asal pengedaran dadah berbahaya jenis kanabis - Pembelaan berjaya mengakas andaian di bawah s. 37(da) tetapi gagal menimbulkan keraguan munasabah terhadap kesalahan milikan - Tertuduh disabitkan di bawah s. 6 - Sama ada 'mens rea possession' dibuktikan - Karektor ditimbulkan semasa perbicaraan - Sama ada hakim bicara terkhilaf apabila menerima fakta kewujudan karektor - Sama ada terdapat keterangan kukuh untuk pembuktian 'pengedaran' di bawah pertuduhan asal - Sama ada tertuduh wajar dijatuhkan hukuman mati mandatori
Mustafa Tambun lwn. PP & Rayuan Yang Lain
(Mohtarudin Baki, Tengku Maimun Tuan Mat, Zakaria Sam HHMR) [2015] 9 CLJ 445 [CA]

Rasuah - Memperoleh wang suapan - Akta Suruhanjaya Pencegahan Rasuah Malaysia 2009, s. 17(a) - Pekerja-pekerja pengadu ditahan oleh pihak polis kerana tamat tempoh permit - Pegawai polis bertugas meminta bayaran RM2,000 bagi penyerahan laporan, pasport dan pembebasan pekerja-pekerja - Pengadu membuat aduan kepada Suruhanjaya Pencegahan Rasuah Malaysia ('SPRM') - SPRM menyediakan wang perangkap yang bertanda - Sama ada pegawai polis mengambil wang perangkap yang diberikan oleh pengadu - Sama ada tukaran tangan wang perangkap terbukti - Sama ada kes pendakwaan berjaya dibuktikan - Sama ada pembelaan berjaya membangkitkan keraguan munasabah
PP lwn. Ahmad Sazali Md Desa
(Kamardin Hashim H) [2015] 9 CLJ 493 [HC]


CLJ 2015 Volume 9 (Part 5)

COURT

FEDERAL COURT

Giga Engineering & Construction Sdn Bhd v. Yip Chee Seng & Sons Sdn Bhd & Anor
(Civil Procedure; Company Law; Contract - Lifting of corporate veil - Whether justified - Concept of corporate separate entities) [2015] 9 CLJ 537 [FC]

COURT OF APPEAL

Jayakumar Rajoo Mohamad v. Cimb Aviva Takaful Bhd
(Insurance - Motor insurance - Repudiation - Whether date when liability incurred was date of accident or date when judgment on liability pronounced) [2015] 9 CLJ 552 [CA]

Ngu Chee Wui v. PP
(Criminal Law; Criminal Procedure; Evidence - Dangerous drugs - Cautioned statement - Admissibility) [2015] 9 CLJ 562 [CA]

Suruhanjaya Sekuriti v. Datuk Ishak Ismail
(Civil Procedure; Statutory Interpretation - Discovery - Application for - Discovery of investigation papers - Whether disclosure would prejudice other party - Construction of statutes - Securities Commission Act 1993, s. 134(4)) [2015] 9 CLJ 578 [CA]

Wong Kar Juat & Anor v. S7 Auto Parts (M) Sdn Bhd
(Company Law - Directors - Breach of fiduciary duty - Liability) [2015] 9 CLJ 590 [CA]

HIGH COURT

Ahmad Abid Abdul Hamid v. Subangi Munusamy
(Tort; Civil Procedure; Evidence - Defamation - Slander - Whether conduct can amount to slander - Whether malice defeats defence of qualified privilege - Admissibility of email) [2015] 9 CLJ 610 [HC]

GA-Seng Paper Marketing Sdn Bhd v. Percetakan Warni Sdn Bhd
(Company Law - Winding up - Stay of order - Discretion of court) [2015] 9 CLJ 640 [HC]

Mohd Roziman Saaidon & Anor v. PP
(Evidence; Criminal Procedure - Exhibit - Admissibility of - Urine specimen examination - Whether Science Officer has jurisdiction to conduct examination - Charge - Whether defective) [2015] 9 CLJ 665 [HC]

SUBJECT INDEX

CIVIL PROCEDURE

Discovery - Application for - Discovery of investigation papers - Investigation for suspected securities offence - Securities Commission Act 1993, s. 134 - Application for disclosure of investigation papers and statements by witnesses - Whether statements made under s. 134 are privileged documents - Whether must be made admissible as evidence in any proceeding in any court - Whether disclosure would prejudice other party
Suruhanjaya Sekuriti v. Datuk Ishak Ismail
(Zainun Ali, Ramly Ali, Zaharah Ibrahim JJCA) [2015] 9 CLJ 578 [CA]

Pleadings - Evidence - Companies and corporations - Lifting of corporate veil - Allegation that contractual obligations avoided due to controlling position of common/connected officers and shareholders in management of companies - Whether companies were 'single' entity - Whether there was evidence of abuse, fraud or any special circumstances by companies to justify lifting of corporate veil
Giga Engineering & Construction Sdn Bhd v. Yip Chee Seng & Sons Sdn Bhd & Anor
(Raus Sharif PCA, Zulkefli Ahmad Makinudin CJ (Malaya), Richard Malanjum CJ (Sabah & Sarawak), Abdull Hamid Embong, Jeffrey Tan FCJJ) [2015] 9 CLJ 537 [FC]

COMPANY LAW

Directors - Breach of fiduciary duty - Liability - Damages - Claim for - Whether directors committed breach of fiduciary duty - Discovery of discrepancies in company's accounts - Transactions concerning sales of goods to third party not accounted for - Whether testimony and documentary evidence proven sales transactions linked to directors - Whether company bore legal burden of establishing facts pleaded against directors under s. 101 of the Evidence Act 1950 - Whether there was evidence to connect missing money with directors - Whether finding of liability was against weight of evidence
Wong Kar Juat & Anor v. S7 Auto Parts (M) Sdn Bhd
(Rohana Yusuf, Idrus Harun, Prasad Sandosham Abraham JJCA) [2015] 9 CLJ 590 [CA]

Lifting of corporate veil - Dispute arising from failure of joint venture of companies to award subcontract works - Allegation that contractual obligations avoided due to controlling position of common/connected officers and shareholders in management of companies - Whether companies were 'single' entity - Whether there was basis for lifting of corporate veil - Whether there was abuse by companies - Concept of corporate separate entities - Whether failure to award subcontract works resulted from manipulation or abuse of 'single' entity - Whether there was evidence of fraud or any special circumstances to justify lifting of corporate veil
Giga Engineering & Construction Sdn Bhd v. Yip Chee Seng & Sons Sdn Bhd & Anor
(Raus Sharif PCA, Zulkefli Ahmad Makinudin CJ (Malaya), Richard Malanjum CJ (Sabah & Sarawak), Abdull Hamid Embong, Jeffrey Tan FCJJ) [2015] 9 CLJ 537 [FC]

Winding up - Stay of order - Winding up petition filed by petitioner due to company's failure to settle judgment sum - Application for permanent stay of winding up order pursuant to s. 243(1) of Companies Act 1965 - Discretion of court in granting stay - Factors considered - Company's total value of assets exceeded total debts - Payment by company to official receiver to settle judgment sum - Whether circumstances warranted court to exercise discretion to stay winding up order in favour of respondent
GA-Seng Paper Marketing Sdn Bhd v. Percetakan Warni Sdn Bhd
(Wong Kian Kheong JC) [2015] 9 CLJ 640 [HC]

CONTRACT

Breach - Agreement - Pre-tender agreement - Plaintiff to be awarded subcontract works if defendants secured main subcontract works for project with another party - Clause in agreement stipulated that joint venture becomes void if first defendant fails to secure main subcontract works - First defendant failed to secure main subcontract works - Whether defendants in breach of joint venture by failing and/or refusing to award plaintiff's portion - Whether joint venture existed
Giga Engineering & Construction Sdn Bhd v. Yip Chee Seng & Sons Sdn Bhd & Anor
(Raus Sharif PCA, Zulkefli Ahmad Makinudin CJ (Malaya), Richard Malanjum CJ (Sabah & Sarawak), Abdull Hamid Embong, Jeffrey Tan FCJJ) [2015] 9 CLJ 537 [FC]

CRIMINAL LAW

Dangerous drugs - Trafficking and possession - Appeal against conviction and sentence - Prima facie case - Whether established - Whether proper caution under s. 37A Dangerous Drugs Act 1952 administered to appellant - Conduct of appellant in handing drugs to police officer in response to being questioned - Whether a statement within meaning of s. 37A - Whether admissible - Whether trial judge failed to give proper judicial appreciation to evidence which may be favourable to appellant - Whether a misdirection by trial judge in invoking presumption of trafficking - Whether appropriate for trial judge to use expression 'presumably' in describing fact or inference of fact - Dangerous Drugs Act 1952, ss. 37, 37(da)(xvi), 37A
Ngu Chee Wui v. PP
(Zaharah Ibrahim, Abdul Aziz Abdul Rahim, Varghese George Varughese JJCA) [2015] 9 CLJ 562 [CA]

CRIMINAL PROCEDURE

Charge - Whether defective - Offence under s. 15(1)(a) of Dangerous Drugs Act 1952 - Applicants discharged not amounting to acquittal under original charge - Urine specimen examination and analysis carried out by Science Officer - Whether Science Officer has jurisdiction to conduct examination - Whether amended provision of s. 31A(1AA) of Dangerous Drugs (Amendment) Act 2014 applicable to re-charging of applicants - Whether re-charging of applicants valid
Mohd Roziman Saaidon & Anor v. PP
(Mohd Sofian Razak J) [2015] 9 CLJ 665 [HC]

Police investigation - Cautioned statement - Administration of - Whether proper caution under s. 37A Dangerous Drugs Act 1952 administered to appellant - Caution must be properly and legally administered using words clearly understood by suspect - Whether sufficient for police officer to testify that caution administered without stating exact words used - Conduct of appellant in handing drugs to police officer in response to question - Whether a statement within meaning of s. 37A - Whether admissible - Dangerous Drugs Act 1952, ss. 37, 37(da)(xvi), 37A
Ngu Chee Wui v. PP
(Zaharah Ibrahim, Abdul Aziz Abdul Rahim, Varghese George Varughese JJCA) [2015] 9 CLJ 562 [CA]

EVIDENCE

Cautioned statement - Admissibility - Administration of caution - Whether proper caution under s. 37A Dangerous Drugs Act 1952 administered to appellant - Caution must be properly and legally administered using words clearly understood by a suspect - Whether sufficient for police officer to testify that caution administered without stating exact words used - Conduct of appellant in handing drugs to police officer in response to question - Whether a statement within meaning of s. 37A - Whether admissible - Dangerous Drugs Act 1952, ss. 37, 37(da)(xvi), 37A
Ngu Chee Wui v. PP
(Zaharah Ibrahim, Abdul Aziz Abdul Rahim, Varghese George Varughese JJCA) [2015] 9 CLJ 562 [CA]

Documentary evidence - Admissibility of - Admissibility of email - Maker of document failed to appear in court as witness - Whether criteria under s. 73A(1) and (2) of Evidence Act 1950 established
Ahmad Abid Abdul Hamid v. Subangi Munusamy
(S Nantha Balan JC) [2015] 9 CLJ 610 [HC]

Exhibit - Admissibility of - Offence under s. 15(1)(a) of Dangerous Drugs Act 1952 - Urine specimen examination and analysis carried out by Science Officer - Whether Science Officer has jurisdiction to conduct examination - Whether amended provision of s. 31A(1AA) of Dangerous Drugs (Amendment) Act 2014 applicable to re-charging of applicants - Whether s. 31A(1AA) has retrospective effect
Mohd Roziman Saaidon & Anor v. PP
(Mohd Sofian Razak J) [2015] 9 CLJ 665 [HC]

Statement - Statement of person who could not be called as witness - Statement issued in course of employment - Whether statement issued in course of employment admissible as evidence in absence of maker - Evidence Act 1950, s. 32(1)(b)
Ahmad Abid Abdul Hamid v. Subangi Munusamy
(S Nantha Balan JC) [2015] 9 CLJ 610 [HC]

INSURANCE

Motor insurance - Repudiation - New owner continued renewing insurance policy in name of previous insured who had passed away - Application by insurance company for declaration that motor insurance was void and unenforceable ('declaration proceedings') - Action initiated by third party for loss and damages in Sessions Court withdrawn - Intervention in declaration proceedings by third party - Whether declaration sought made after liability incurred - Whether insurance company precluded from repudiating liability - Whether proviso to s. 96(3) of Road Transport Act 1987 applicable - Whether date when liability incurred was date of accident or date when judgment on liability pronounced
Jayakumar Rajoo Mohamad v. Cimb Aviva Takaful Bhd
(Mohd Zawawi Salleh, Idrus Harun, Vernon Ong Lam Kiat JJCA) [2015] 9 CLJ 552 [CA]

STATUTORY INTERPRETATION

Construction - Statutes - Securities Commission Act 1993, s. 134(4) - Power to call for investigation - Investigation for suspected offences committed under securities laws - Witnesses interviewed by investigating officers - Whether statements made and recorded under s. 134 must be made admissible as evidence in any proceeding in any court - Whether s. 134(4) clear and explicit - Whether ought to be given plain meaning
Suruhanjaya Sekuriti v. Datuk Ishak Ismail
(Zainun Ali, Ramly Ali, Zaharah Ibrahim JJCA) [2015] 9 CLJ 578 [HC]

TORT

Defamation - Defences - Qualified privilege - Existence of malice on part of tortfeasor - Whether malice defeats defence of qualified privilege
Ahmad Abid Abdul Hamid v. Subangi Munusamy
(S Nantha Balan JC) [2015] 9 CLJ 610 [HC]

Defamation - Malice - Slander - Defamation based on conduct amounting to slander - Unceremonious off-loading of senior flight stewardess at insistence of co-pilot - Existence of personal grudge based on previous incidents - Whether defendant's action actuated by malice
Ahmad Abid Abdul Hamid v. Subangi Munusamy
(S Nantha Balan JC) [2015] 9 CLJ 610 [HC]

Defamation - Slander - Slander by conduct - Whether conduct can amount to slander
Ahmad Abid Abdul Hamid v. Subangi Munusamy
(S Nantha Balan JC) [2015] 9 CLJ 610 [HC]


ARTICLES

LNS Article(s)

  1. GUIDELINES ON HOW TO PASS A SCHEME OF ARRANGEMENT* [Read excerpt]
    by: MOSES TAN** [2015] 1 LNS(A) xcvi

  2. [2015] 1 LNS(A) xcvi
    logo
    SINGAPORE

    GUIDELINES ON HOW TO PASS A SCHEME OF ARRANGEMENT*
    by
    MOSES TAN**

    Introduction

    The operative provision from which schemes of arrangements stem is s 210(3)[1] of the Companies Act (Cap 50). It provides that so long as 50 per cent in number representing 75 per cent in value of a company’s creditors, present and voting, vote in support of a compromise or arrangement, this compromise or arrangement shall be binding on the company and the creditors of the company if it receives the approval of the Court. If the creditors vote in different classes, the requirements of 50 per cent in number and 75 per cent in value must be met in all the classes; otherwise the compromise or arrangement does not pass muster.[2]

    Section 210(3) is conceptually clear about what is required in order for a scheme of arrangement to be passed but it lacks any further detailed instructions as to how a scheme of arrangement is to be passed. The rest of s. 210, and ss. 211 and 212 (the other sections pertaining to Schemes of Arrangements) provide limited assistance.

    It is of note that for the regimes of judicial management and liquidation, the Companies Regulations, Company Winding Up Rules, and the Companies Act set out detailed guidance on the procedures and rules to follow in how each of these regimes are to be passed and implemented. As for schemes of arrangements on the other hand, the few sparse provisions in s. 210 to 212 are all that are available. This is supplemented by a handful of local cases that touch on specific issues but do not provide a comprehensive framework of instruction as to how schemes of arrangements are to be passed.

    The subject of the proper procedures and practices in how a scheme of arrangement is to be passed came to be decided in a case involving TT International Limited (“TT International”), a public listed company in Singapore. The facts surrounding the passing of TT International’s scheme of arrangement and which eventually led to the Court of Appeal decision of The Royal Bank of Scotland NV (formerly known as ABN Amro Bank NV) and others v. TT International Limited [2012] SGCA 9 (the “Decision”) can be found below.

    . . .

    * This article was originally published in the (June 2012) issue of the Singapore Law Gazette (www.lawgazette.com.sg), the official publication of the Law Society of Singapore, published by LexisNexis. Reproduced with permission.

    ** David Lim & Partners LLP. E-mail: moses@dlplaw.com.sg


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  3. JUDICIAL LEADERSHIP: OVERHAULING THE MACHINERY OF JUSTICE* [Read excerpt]
    by: THE RIGHT HON. THE LORD THOMAS OF CWMGIEDD [2015] 1 LNS(A) xcvii

  4. [2015] 1 LNS(A) xcvii
    logo
    UNITED KINGDOM

    JUDICIAL LEADERSHIP: OVERHAULING THE MACHINERY OF JUSTICE*
    by
    THE RIGHT HON. THE LORD THOMAS OF CWMGIEDD

    Introduction

    1. Walter Bagehot described the “close union ... of the executive and legislative powers” as the “efficient secret of the ... Constitution”.[1] By “efficient” he referred to the means by which it works: its rules and practices.[2] He might just as readily have said that its efficient secret was its evolutionary nature; how it develops over time, influenced by events, by social and political changes and that, in turn, its development yields further transformation. Rules and practices change, and in changing, they change us as well.

    2. Over recent years our Constitution has evolved substantially. In The Politics of Judicial Independence in the UK’s Changing Constitution, Graham Gee, Robert Hazell, Kate Malleson and Patrick O’Brien have set out a detailed and insightful examination of one of the central elements of that evolution: the changing role, practices and structure of the judicial branch of the State. I warmly commend it to you.

    3. It is, as we all know, ten years since the Constitutional Reform Act entered into force, creating the new Supreme Court and the Judicial Appointments Commission, taking from the Lord Chancellor his historic role as speaker of the House of Lords and his role as head of the judiciary, and transferring the latter to the Lord Chief Justice. It is eight years since the creation of the Ministry of Justice and, separately, the unified Tribunals under the, then, newly created Senior President of Tribunals. It is four years since the Courts and Tribunals Services merged to form HMCTS. This was a unique constitutional development: an explicit partnership or, as I prefer to call it, a joint venture between the Executive and the judiciary, accountable to the Lord Chancellor, Lord Chief Justice and Senior President. And it is now two years since the Lord Chancellor’s residual role in judicial appointments was, partially, transferred to the Lord Chief Justice and the Senior President.

    . . .

    * The Right Hon. The Lord Thomas Of Cwmgiedd, Conference On The Paradox Of Judicial Independence Ucl Constitution Unit (22 June 2015). Published with kind permission of the Judicial Communications Office, Judiciary of England and Wales (https://www.judiciary.gov.uk/wp-content/uploads/2015/06/ucl-judicial-independence-speech-june-2015_20150701.pdf).


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LEGISLATION HIGHLIGHTS

Principal Acts

Number Title In force from Repealing
ACT 771 Malaysian Aviation Commission Act 2015 Not Yet In Force -
ACT 770 Special Measures Against Terrorism In Foreign Countries Act 2015 15 June 2015 [PU(B) 250/2015] -
ACT 769 Prevention of Terrorism Act 2015 1 September 2015 [PU(B) 345/2015] -
ACT 768 Technologists and Technicians Act 2015 1 August 2015 [PU(B) 286/2015] -
ACT 767 Public Sector Home Financing Board Act 2015 1 July 2015 [PU(B) 265/2015] except Parts IV, V, VI and VIII; 24 August 2015 [PU(B) 335/2015] - Parts V and VI -

Amending Acts

Number Title In force from Principal/Amending Act No
ACT A1501 Electricity Supply (Amendment) Act 2015 Not Yet In Force ACT 447
ACT A1500 Anti-Trafficking In Persons and Anti-Smuggling of Migrants (Amendment) Act 2015 18 November 2015 [PU(B) 460/2015] ACT 670
ACT A1499 Capital Markets and Services (Amendment) Act 2015 15 September 2015 [PU(B) 369/2015] ACT 671
ACT A1498 Consumer Protection (Amendment) Act 2015 Not Yet In Force ACT 599
ACT A1497 Civil Aviation (Amendment) Act 2015 Not Yet In Force ACT 3

PU(A)

Number Title Date of Publication In force from Principal/ Amending Act No
PU(A) 268/2015 Customs (Amendment) (No. 3) Regulations 2015 16 November 2015 17 November 2015 PU(A) 162/1977
PU(A) 267/2015 Federal Roads (West Malaysia) (Amendment) (No. 6) Order 2015 12 November 2015 15 November 2015 PU(A) 401/1989
PU(A) 266/2015 RRIM-Consult Corporation (Winding Up and Dissolution) Order 2015 11 November 2015 15 November 2015 ACT 551
PU(A) 265/2015 Malaysian Airline System Berhad (Administration) (Vesting Date) Order 2015 6 November 2015 1 September 2015 ACT 765
PU(A) 264/2015 Small Estates (Distribution) (Amendment) Regulations 2015 6 November 2015 1 January 2016 LN 495/1955

PU(B)

Number Title Date of Publication In force from Principal/ Amending Act No
PU(B) 467/2015 Exemption From Paragraphs 5(1)(a) and (b) 23 November 2015 15 November 2015 to 25 November 2015 ACT 206
PU(B) 466/2015 Exemption From Subsection 3(2) 23 November 2015 15 November 2015 to 25 November 2015 ACT 206
PU(B) 465/2015 Appointment of Authorized Officers 23 November 2015 23 November 2015 ACT 506
PU(B) 464/2015 Appointment of Authorized Officers 23 November 2015 23 November 2015 ACT 308
PU(B) 463/2015 Appointment of Protectors 23 November 2015 23 November 2015 ACT 611

Legislation Alert

Updated

Act/Principal No. Title Amended by In force from Section amended
PU(A) 274/2001 Federal Roads (Private Management) (Collection of Tolls) (Western Kuala Lumpur Traffic Dispersal Scheme Highway-Kerinchi Link and Damansara Link) Order 2001 PU(A) 244/2015 15 October 2015 Paragraph 2; Second Schedule
PU(A) 166/2001 Federal Roads (Private Management) (Collection of Tolls) (Ampang-Kuala Lumpur Elevated Highway) Order 2001 PU(A) 249/2015 15 October 2015 First Schedule
ACT 670 Anti-Trafficking in Persons and Anti-Smuggling of Migrants Act 2007 ACT A1500 18 November 2015 [PU(B) 460/2015] Sections 2, 5A, 5B, 5C, 6, 7, 11, 42, 43, 44, 51, 51A, 52, 54, 65A, 66, 66A, and 66B
ACT 588 Communications and Multimedia Act 1998 PU(B) 448/2015 5 November 2015 Section 6 and 13
PU(A) 157/2004 Federal Roads (Private Management) (Collection of Tolls) (New Pantai Highway) Order 2004 PU(A) 240/2015 15 October 2015 First Schedule

Revoked

Act/Principal No. Title Revoked by In force from
PU(A) 390/2001 Malaysian Rubber Board (Establishment of Corporation) (RRIM-Consult Corporation) Order 2001 PU(A) 266/2015 15 November 2015
PU(A) 436/2011 Statutory Bodies (Discipline and Surcharge) (Amendment of Second Schedule) Order 2011 PU(A) 253/2015 1 July 2015
PU(A) 479/2012 Capital Markets and Services (Prescription of Capital Market Product) (Islamic Capital Market Product) Order 2012 ACT A1499 15 September 2015 [PU(B) 369/2015]
PU(A) 478/2012 Capital Markets and Services (Prescription of Islamic Securities) Order 2012 [Revoked By Act A1499] ACT A1499 15 September 2015 [PU(B) 369/2015]
PU(B) 487/2014 Appointment and Revocation of Appointment of Registrar of Fishermen's Associations PU(B) 322/2015 Appointment - 18 May 2015; Revocation of Appointment - 4 April 2015