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CLJ Bulletin, Issue 2015, Vol 46
13 November 2015


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New This Week

1. Case(s) of the Week

  1. MESUMA SPORTS SDN BHD v. MAJLIS SUKAN NEGARA MALAYSIA;
    PENDAFTAR CAP DAGANGAN MALAYSIA (INTERESTED PARTY)
     [2015] 9 CLJ 125

2. Latest Cases

  1. Legal Network Series

  2. CLJ 2015 Volume 9 (Part 2)

3. Articles

  1. LNS Article(s)

4. Legislation Highlights

  1. Principal Acts

  2. Amending Acts

  3. PU(A)

  4. PU(B)

  5. Legislation Alert


CASE(S) OF THE WEEK

MESUMA SPORTS SDN BHD v.
MAJLIS SUKAN NEGARA MALAYSIA;
PENDAFTAR CAP DAGANGAN MALAYSIA (INTERESTED PARTY)
[2015] 9 CLJ 125
FEDERAL COURT, PUTRAJAYA
RICHARD MALANJUM CJ (SABAH & SARAWAK), ZAINUN ALI FCJ, JEFFREY TAN FCJ, AZAHAR MOHAMED FCJ, ZAHARAH IBRAHIM FCJ
[CIVIL APPEAL NO: 02(f)-56-06-2014(W)]
08 OCTOBER 2015

INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY: Trade marks - Registered trade mark - Rectification - Tiger stripes design for sports attire - Common law ownership right - Whether first user of trade mark owns trade mark - Whether defendant first used tiger stripes design as supplier upon orders from plaintiff - Whether defendant merely a contract manufacturer who affixes tiger stripes design made to plaintiff's order - Whether defendant could claim proprietorship of tiger stripes design - Whether plaintiff used tiger stripes design 'in the course of trade' - Whether plaintiff acquired goodwill and reputation of trade mark - Whether defendant's registration of tiger stripes design as trade mark wrongfully made without sufficient cause - Trade Marks Act 1976, ss. 3, 25(1), 45(1)(a), 46(1)

INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY: Trade marks - Registered trade mark - Passing off - Tiger stripes design for sports attire - Common law ownership right - Whether first user of trade mark owns trade mark - Whether defendant first used tiger stripes design as supplier upon orders from plaintiff - Whether defendant merely a contract manufacturer who affixes tiger stripes design made to plaintiff's order - Whether defendant could claim proprietorship of tiger stripes design - Whether plaintiff used tiger stripes design 'in the course of trade' - Whether plaintiff acquired goodwill and reputation of trade mark - Whether defendant's registration of tiger stripes design as trade mark wrongfully made without sufficient cause - Trade Marks Act 1976, ss. 3, 25(1), 45(1)(a), 46(1)

INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY: Trade marks - Registered trade mark - Design infringement - Tiger stripes for sports attire - Common law ownership right - Whether first user of trade mark owns trade mark - Whether defendant first used tiger stripes design as supplier upon orders from plaintiff - Whether defendant merely a contract manufacturer who affixes tiger stripes design made to plaintiff's order - Whether defendant could claim proprietorship of tiger stripes design - Whether plaintiff used tiger stripes design 'in the course of trade' - Whether plaintiff acquired goodwill and reputation of trade mark - Whether defendant's registration of tiger stripes design as trade mark wrongfully made without sufficient cause - Trade Marks Act 1976, ss. 3, 25(1), 45 (1)(a), 46(1)


LATEST CASES

Legal Network Series

[2014] 1 LNS 1752

PP lwn. NG YENG PANG & SATU LAGI

PROSEDUR JENAYAH: Perlucuthakan - Dadah berbahaya - Perlucuthakan hartanah - Kesahihan perlucuthakan - Sama ada perlucuthakan hartanah adalah sah - Sama ada hartanah telah digunakan untuk tujuan yang salah - Sama ada anggapan statutori dibawah s. 35 Akta Dadah Berbahaya (Perlucuthakan Harta) 1988 terpakai

[2014] 1 LNS 1753

PP lwn. PALAN RATNAM

KETERANGAN: Pernyataan - Kebolehterimaan - Percakapan saksi dibawah s. 37A(1)(b) Akta Dadah Berbahaya 1952 yang dikemukakan dibawah s. 32(1) Akta Keterangan 1950 - Sama ada boleh diterima sebagai keterangan - Sama ada kehendak s. 32(1) Akta Keterangan 1950 telah dipenuhi

UNDANG-UNDANG JENAYAH: Dadah berbahaya - Pengedaran - Milikan - Dadah dijumpai di dalam kereta - Dadah seberat 27.44 g - Tertuduh telah dilihat keluar dari kereta dimana dadah dijumpai - Anggapan pengedaran - Sama ada tertuduh mempunyai milikan dadah yang telah dijumpai - Sama ada milikan eksklusif harus dibuktikan - Sama ada pengetahuan semata-mata memadai untuk membuktikan milikan dadah

[2014] 1 LNS 229

KARIM AZIZ v. PP

CRIMINAL PROCEDURE: Appeal - Appeal against conviction and sentence - Findings of trial judge - Appellate intervention - Offence of corruptly requesting and receiving gratification by officer - Sentence of 50 months imprisonment and fine - Whether decision of trial judge suffered any infirmities that warranted appellate interference - Whether trial judge adopted correct and proper approach in evaluating evidence of defence - Whether sentence imposed manifestly excessive

CRIMINAL LAW: Corruption - Receipt of money by officer - Corruptly soliciting or agreeing to receive gratification as an inducement which involves officer of a public body - Officer receiving money from lockup detainee - Trap money located based on direction indicated by accused himself - Whether ingredients of offence had been proved - Whether accused had possession and knowledge of trap money - Whether statutory presumption under s. 50 of Malaysian Anti-Corruption Commission Act 2009 applicable

EVIDENCE: Inference - Trial court's entitlement to draw inference from facts - Discovery as consequence of information received from accused - Trap money located based on direction indicated by accused himself - Whether trial court could make inference that accused had possession and knowledge of trap money - Evidence Act 1950, s. 27

[2015] 1 LNS 231

RUSD INVESTMENT BANK INC & ORS v. QATAR ISLAMIC BANK & ORS

ARBITRATION: Stay of proceedings - Dispute - Existence of arbitration clause - Ousting jurisdiction of court - Reference to arbitration concerning dispute relating to shareholders agreement - Whether plaintiff should have referred matter to arbitration before filing action against defendant - Whether stay of proceedings should be granted pending disposal of dispute by arbitration

ARBITRATION: Arbitration clause - Construction of - Exclusive clause - Whether agreement exclusively directed parties to refer dispute to arbitration - Whether dispute of parties falls within arbitration clause

CIVIL PROCEDURE: Stay of proceedings - Application for - Interim stay - Existence of arbitration clause - Ousting jurisdiction of court - Reference to arbitration concerning dispute relating to shareholders agreement - Whether requirements under s. 10(1) of Arbitration Act 2005 satisfied - Whether stay of proceedings should be granted pending disposal of dispute by arbitration

[2015] 1 LNS 232

NIK JAMES FERRIE ARKITEK v. TENAGA GAGAH SDN BHD

COMPANY LAW: Liquidators - Application for directions - Exercise and control of liquidator's power - Liquidator's application to court for direction - Application to set aside winding up order - Whether application to set aside winding up order comes within ambit of s. 237(3) of Companies Act 1965

COMPANY LAW: Winding up - Setting aside winding up order - Winding up order duly perfected - Existence of two winding up orders in respect of one company - Whether a winding up order could be set aside

CIVIL PROCEDURE: Judgments and orders - Setting aside - Winding up order - Final order - Functus officio - Res judicata - Whether a winding up order which has been duly perfected could be set aside - Whether court has jurisdiction to set aside a winding up order

COMPANY LAW: Winding up - Commencement of - Existence of two winding up petitions - Whether commencement date of winding up petition starts from date of presentation of petition or from date winding up order was given - Companies Act 1965, s. 219(2)


CLJ 2015 Volume 9 (Part 2)

COURT

FEDERAL COURT

Mesuma Sports Sdn Bhd v. Majlis Sukan Negara Malaysia; Pendaftar Cap Dagangan Malaysia (Interested Party)
(Intellectual Property - Trade marks - Registered trade mark - Passing off - Common law ownership right - Whether first user of trade mark owns trade mark) [2015] 9 CLJ 125 [FC]

Saiman Umar v. Lembaga Pertubuhan Peladang
(Administrative Law; Civil Procedure - Rules of natural justice - Employee dismissed from service - Whether employee given sufficient opportunity to be heard) [2015] 9 CLJ 153 [FC]

COURT OF APPEAL

Ediawe Eshilama Clinton v. PP
(Criminal Law; Criminal Procedure - Dangerous drugs - Trafficking - Whether there were doubts as to identity of drug exhibits) [2015] 9 CLJ 169 [CA]

Ketua Pengarah Hasil Dalam Negeri v. Alcatel-Lucent Malaysia Sdn Bhd & Anor
(Administrative Law - Payments for services to non-resident company - Whether subject to withholding tax) [2015] 9 CLJ 179 [CA]

Pentadbir Tanah Kuala Selangor lwn. Maybank Islamic Bhd; Menteri Besar Selangor Diperbadankan (Pencelah Dicadangkan) & Rayuan-rayuan Lain
(Prosedur Sivil - Permohonan untuk kebenaran mencelah dalam rayuan di Mahkamah Rayuan - Budi bicara mahkamah - Kegagalan mencelah pada peluang terawal tanpa alasan kukuh) [2015] 9 CLJ 197 [CA]

PP v. Mohd Fazelan Md Khuzeh
(Criminal Law; Criminal Procedure - Dangerous Drugs Act 1952 - Sentence of eight years and ten strokes of whipping - Gravity of offence - Whether sentence adequate) [2015] 9 CLJ 221 [CA]

HIGH COURT

Gary Lim Ting Howe v. Lim Pang Cheong & Ors
(Bankruptcy; Civil Procedure - Capacity of bankrupt - Whether bankrupt capable of managing himself and his affairs due to mental disorder) [2015] 9 CLJ 227 [HC]

Maria Yusof v. Abdullah Gendak
(Civil Procedure; Land Law - Affidavits - New affidavits to support affidavit in reply not filed in court registry - Whether affidavits can be used and relied on) [2015] 9 CLJ 243 [HC]

Toyota Capital Malaysia Sdn Bhd v. PP & Another Case
(Hire Purchase; Criminal Procedure; Words & Phrases - Forfeiture of vehicle under hire - Whether vehicle an illegal property - Whether guarantor had locus standi to institute claim) [2015] 9 CLJ 263 [HC]

SUBJECT INDEX

ADMINISTRATIVE LAW

Judicial review - Application for - Payments for services to non-resident company - Whether subject to withholding tax - Whether director general of inland revenue (DGI) correct in imposing withholding tax on respondents under ss. 109 and/or 109B of Income Tax Act 1967 - Whether DGI acted unreasonably in failing to provide reasons for imposing withholding tax - Whether DGI failed to specify provisions applied in imposing withholding tax - Whether payments by respondents were royalty or for services rendered
Ketua Pengarah Hasil Dalam Negeri v. Alcatel-Lucent Malaysia Sdn Bhd & Anor
(Abu Samah Nordin, Azhar Ma'ah, Alizatul Khair Osman JJCA) [2015] 9 CLJ 179 [CA]

Rules of natural justice - Hearing by disciplinary committee - Employee dismissed from service - Whether employer complied with procedures in conduct of disciplinary proceedings - Whether employee given sufficient opportunity to be heard - Peraturan-Peraturan Pegawai Lembaga Pertubuhan Peladang (Kelakuan dan Tatatertib) 1994, regs. 4(2)(c)(ii), (d), (f) & 28
Saiman Umar v. Lembaga Pertubuhan Peladang
(Arifin Zakaria CJ, Raus Sharif PCA, Ahmad Maarop, Mohamed Apandi Ali, Azahar Mohamed FCJJ) [2015] 9 CLJ 153 [FC]

BANKRUPTCY

Capacity of bankrupt - Mental disorder - High Court declared bankrupt to be mentally disordered - Son and wife appointed as committee of bankrupt's person and estate - Application to set aside order of High Court - Bankrupt's son and wife adduced medical reports to support allegation that bankrupt was suffering from dementia - Surveillance reports showed that bankrupt was able to handle daily tasks - Whether bankrupt capable of managing himself and his affairs due to mental disorder - Mental Health Act 2001, ss. 62, 74
Gary Lim Ting Howe v. Lim Pang Cheong & Ors
(Azizul Azmi Adnan JC) [2015] 9 CLJ 227 [HC]

CIVIL PROCEDURE

Affidavits - Failure to file - Land law - Application for removal of caveat - New affidavits to support affidavit in reply not filed in court registry - Filing and stamping fees not paid - Whether affidavits can be used and relied on - Whether valid - Whether impaired integrity of contents - Whether caused undue hardship or substantial prejudice to other party - Rules of Court 2012, O. 1A, O. 41 r. 11, O. 44 r. 11
Maria Yusof v. Abdullah Gendak
(Mohd Nazlan Ghazali JC) [2015] 9 CLJ 243 [HC]

Affidavits - Jurat - Land law - Application for removal of caveat - Deponents deemed illiterate because affidavits not signed but were affixed with thumbprints - Affidavits did not contain requisite jurat to be used in cases involving illiterate deponents - Whether affidavits defective - Rules of Court 2012, O. 41 rr. 3, 8
Maria Yusof v. Abdullah Gendak
(Mohd Nazlan Ghazali JC) [2015] 9 CLJ 243 [HC]

Judgments and order - Setting aside - Application for - High Court declared bankrupt to be mentally disordered - Son and wife appointed as committee of bankrupt's person and estate - Application to set aside order of High Court - Bankrupt's son and wife adduced medical reports to support allegation that bankrupt was suffering from dementia - Surveillance reports showed that bankrupt was able to handle daily tasks - Whether bankrupt capable of managing himself and his affairs due to mental disorder - Whether court had jurisdiction to make consequential orders or to set aside any proper order - Mental Health Act 2001, ss. 62, 74
Gary Lim Ting Howe v. Lim Pang Cheong & Ors
(Azizul Azmi Adnan JC) [2015] 9 CLJ 227 [HC]

Pleadings - Departure from - Whether grounds of appeal entirely different from pleaded claim - Factual assertion responded by way of general traverse - Whether operated as denial - Whether rendered respondent's case to not have bearing on appellant's pleaded case - Rules of the High Court 1980, O. 18 r. 13
Saiman Umar v. Lembaga Pertubuhan Peladang
(Arifin Zakaria CJ, Raus Sharif PCA, Ahmad Maarop, Mohamed Apandi Ali, Azahar Mohamed FCJJ) [2015] 9 CLJ 153 [FC]

CRIMINAL LAW

Dangerous Drugs Act 1952 - Section 39B(1)(a) - 960.01g of methamphetamine recovered from car used by accused - Alternative charge under s. 12(2) of Dangerous Drugs Act 1952 - Accused pleaded guilty to alternative charge - Sentence of eight years and ten strokes of whipping imposed by trial judge despite weight of drugs - Gravity of offence - Whether sentence adequate
PP v. Mohd Fazelan Md Khuzeh
(Aziah Ali, Ahmadi Asnawi, Prasad Sandosham Abraham JJCA) [2015] 9 CLJ 221 [CA]

Dangerous Drugs Act 1952 - Section 39B(1)(a) - Trafficking in 685.9g Methamphetamine - Appeal against conviction and sentence - Prima facie case - Whether established - Whether there were doubts as to identity of drug exhibits - Whether trial judge failed to judicially appreciate defence case - Whether defence of innocent carrier held any merit - Whether trial judge erred for failure to offer defence of passive possession - Failure to invoke presumption under s. 37(d) - Whether fatal - Whether conviction safe despite misdirection
Ediawe Eshilama Clinton v. PP
(Aziah Ali, Rohana Yusuf, Ahmadi Asnawi JJCA) [2015] 9 CLJ 169 [CA]

CRIMINAL PROCEDURE

Appeal - Appeal by prosecution - 960.01g of methamphetamine recovered from car used by accused - Alternative charge under s. 12(2) of Dangerous Drugs Act 1952 - Accused pleaded guilty to alternative charge - Sentence of eight years and ten strokes of whipping imposed by trial judge despite weight of drugs - Gravity of offence - Whether sentence adequate
PP v. Mohd Fazelan Md Khuzeh
(Aziah Ali, Ahmadi Asnawi, Prasad Sandosham Abraham JJCA) [2015] 9 CLJ 221 [CA]

Appeal - Conviction and sentence - Dangerous drugs - Trafficking - Whether there were doubts as to identity of drug exhibits - Whether trial judge failed to judicially appreciate defence case - Whether defence of innocent carrier held any merit - Whether trial judge erred for failure to offer defence of passive possession - Failure to invoke presumption under s. 37(d) - Whether fatal - Whether conviction safe despite misdirection
Ediawe Eshilama Clinton v. PP
(Aziah Ali, Rohana Yusuf, Ahmadi Asnawi JJCA) [2015] 9 CLJ 169 [CA]

Forfeiture - Dangerous drugs - Forfeiture of property - Application for release of vehicle and monies allegedly associated with drug trafficking - Dangerous Drugs (Forfeiture of Property) Act 1988 - Whether properties acquired through lawful means - Whether appellants lawfully entitled to properties - Presumption of illegal property under s. 35 of Act - Whether applicable to proceedings under s. 32 - Whether properties obtained through legitimate sources of income - Dangerous Drugs (Forfeiture of Property) Act 1988, ss. 25, 32, 35
Toyota Capital Malaysia Sdn Bhd v. PP & Another Case
(Mohd Sofian Razak J) [2015] 9 CLJ 263 [HC]

HIRE PURCHASE

Forfeiture - Forfeiture of vehicle under hire - No criminal charge preferred against hirer or guarantor - Application for release of seized vehicle by financier and guarantor - Whether vehicle an illegal property - Whether guarantor had locus standi to institute claim - Whether vehicle to be released to financier/owner - Dangerous Drugs (Forfeiture of Property) Act 1988, ss. 25, 32, 35
Toyota Capital Malaysia Sdn Bhd v. PP & Another Case
(Mohd Sofian Razak J) [2015] 9 CLJ 263 [HC]

INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY

Trade marks - Registered trade mark - Design infringement - Tiger stripes for sports attire - Common law ownership right - Whether first user of trade mark owns trade mark - Whether defendant first used tiger stripes design as supplier upon orders from plaintiff - Whether defendant merely a contract manufacturer who affixes tiger stripes design made to plaintiff's order - Whether defendant could claim proprietorship of tiger stripes design - Whether plaintiff used tiger stripes design 'in the course of trade' - Whether plaintiff acquired goodwill and reputation of trade mark - Whether defendant's registration of tiger stripes design as trade mark wrongfully made without sufficient cause - Trade Marks Act 1976, ss. 3, 25(1), 45 (1)(a), 46(1)
Mesuma Sports Sdn Bhd v. Majlis Sukan Negara Malaysia; Pendaftar Cap Dagangan Malaysia (Interested Party)
(Richard Malanjum CJ (Sabah & Sarawak), Zainun Ali, Jeffrey Tan, Azahar Mohamed, Zaharah Ibrahim FCJJ) [2015] 9 CLJ 125 [FC]

Trade marks - Registered trade mark - Passing off - Tiger stripes design for sports attire - Common law ownership right - Whether first user of trade mark owns trade mark - Whether defendant first used tiger stripes design as supplier upon orders from plaintiff - Whether defendant merely a contract manufacturer who affixes tiger stripes design made to plaintiff's order - Whether defendant could claim proprietorship of tiger stripes design - Whether plaintiff used tiger stripes design 'in the course of trade' - Whether plaintiff acquired goodwill and reputation of trade mark - Whether defendant's registration of tiger stripes design as trade mark wrongfully made without sufficient cause - Trade Marks Act 1976, ss. 3, 25(1), 45(1)(a), 46(1)
Mesuma Sports Sdn Bhd v. Majlis Sukan Negara Malaysia; Pendaftar Cap Dagangan Malaysia (Interested Party)
(Richard Malanjum CJ (Sabah & Sarawak), Zainun Ali, Jeffrey Tan, Azahar Mohamed, Zaharah Ibrahim FCJJ) [2015] 9 CLJ 125 [FC]

Trade marks - Registered trade mark - Rectification - Tiger stripes design for sports attire - Common law ownership right - Whether first user of trade mark owns trade mark - Whether defendant first used tiger stripes design as supplier upon orders from plaintiff - Whether defendant merely a contract manufacturer who affixes tiger stripes design made to plaintiff's order - Whether defendant could claim proprietorship of tiger stripes design - Whether plaintiff used tiger stripes design 'in the course of trade' - Whether plaintiff acquired goodwill and reputation of trade mark - Whether defendant's registration of tiger stripes design as trade mark wrongfully made without sufficient cause - Trade Marks Act 1976, ss. 3, 25(1), 45(1)(a), 46(1)
Mesuma Sports Sdn Bhd v. Majlis Sukan Negara Malaysia; Pendaftar Cap Dagangan Malaysia (Interested Party)
(Richard Malanjum CJ (Sabah & Sarawak), Zainun Ali, Jeffrey Tan, Azahar Mohamed, Zaharah Ibrahim FCJJ) [2015] 9 CLJ 125 [FC]

LAND LAW

Caveats - Removal - Application for - Defendant cultivated palm oil field on part of plaintiff's land - Defendant entered private caveat - Application by plaintiff for removal of caveat - Whether defendant had caveatable interest over land - Whether entry of private caveat justified - National Land Code, s. 327
Maria Yusof v. Abdullah Gendak
(Mohd Nazlan Ghazali JC) [2015] 9 CLJ 243 [HC]

WORDS & PHRASES

'any proceeding' - Section 32(2) Dangerous Drugs (Forfeiture of Property) Act 1988 - Meaning and purport
Toyota Capital Malaysia Sdn Bhd v. PP & Another Case
(Mohd Sofian Razak J) [2015] 9 CLJ 263 [HC]

INDEKS PERKARA

PROSEDUR SIVIL

Pihak-pihak - Pencelah - Permohonan untuk kebenaran mencelah dalam rayuan di Mahkamah Rayuan - Budi bicara mahkamah - Kepentingan berbangkit semasa prosiding masih di Mahkamah Tinggi - Peluang terawal untuk mencelah berbangkit di Mahkamah Tinggi - Kegagalan mencelah pada peluang terawal tanpa alasan kukuh - Sama ada kepentingan pencelah terlindung
Pentadbir Tanah Kuala Selangor lwn. Maybank Islamic Bhd; Menteri Besar Selangor Diperbadankan (Pencelah Dicadangkan) & Rayuan-rayuan Lain
(Mohd Zawawi Salleh, Badariah Sahamid, Abdul Rahman Sebli HHMR) [2015] 9 CLJ 197 [CA]

Rayuan - Penghakiman akhir - Bidang kuasa Mahkamah Rayuan untuk hanya mendengar rayuan daripada penghakiman akhir - Maksud dan ciri-ciri keputusan akhir - Keputusan Hakim Mahkamah Tinggi mengenai pengezonan tanah sebelum penentuan amaun pampasan bagi pengambilan tanah - Sama ada satu penghakiman akhir atau hanya satu 'ruling' - Sama ada rayuan terhadap keputusan pra-matang
Pentadbir Tanah Kuala Selangor lwn. Maybank Islamic Bhd; Menteri Besar Selangor Diperbadankan (Pencelah Dicadangkan) & Rayuan-rayuan Lain
(Mohd Zawawi Salleh, Badariah Sahamid, Abdul Rahman Sebli HHMR) [2015] 9 CLJ 197 [CA]

Rayuan - Rekod rayuan - Kelewatan memfailkan memorandum rayuan dan rekod rayuan - Budi bicara mahkamah untuk membenarkan lanjutan tempoh pemfailan rekod rayuan - Alasan bahawa rekod rayuan yang perlu disediakan banyak dan perayu terkhilaf dalam perkiraan masa untuk pemfailan - Sama ada penjelasan yang munasabah - Sama ada lanjutan masa patut dibenarkan
Pentadbir Tanah Kuala Selangor lwn. Maybank Islamic Bhd; Menteri Besar Selangor Diperbadankan (Pencelah Dicadangkan) & Rayuan-rayuan Lain
(Mohd Zawawi Salleh, Badariah Sahamid, Abdul Rahman Sebli HHMR) [2015] 9 CLJ 197 [CA]


ARTICLES

LNS Article(s)

  1. CHALLENGING AN ADJUDICATION DETERMINATION THE EXTENT OF THE COURT'S SUPERVISORY ROLE* [Read excerpt]
    by: SUBRAMANIAN PILLAI** [2015] 1 LNS(A) xcii

  2. [2015] 1 LNS(A) xcii
    logo
    SINGAPORE

    CHALLENGING AN ADJUDICATION DETERMINATION
    THE EXTENT OF THE COURT'S SUPERVISORY ROLE*

    by
    SUBRAMANIAN PILLAI**

    The scope and extent of the Court's supervisory role over an Adjudicator's jurisdiction to hear and determine a Payment Claim under the Building & Construction Industry Security of Payments Act ("SOPA") has been the subject of several recent decisions by the Courts in Singapore. The purpose of this article is to examine the different approaches adopted by the Courts in deciding whether the validity of a payment claim under the SOPA affected the Adjudicator's jurisdiction to adjudicate on a dispute.

    The Adjudication Process Under the SOPA

    The SOPA came into effect on 1 April 2005. Its stated objective was the implementation of changes to payment obligations across the construction industry and to ensure the smooth completion of construction projects in Singapore through the improvement of cash flow. The mechanism by which this stated objective was to be achieved was the statutory adjudication process.

    . . .

    * This article was originally published in the February 2012 issue of the Singapore Law Gazette (www.lawgazette.com.sg), the official publication of the Law Society of Singapore, published by LexisNexis. Reproduced with permission.

    ** Colin Ng & Partners LLP. (E-mail: spillai@cnplaw.com)


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  3. CONTRACT FORMATION AND THE FOG OF RECTIFICATION* [Read excerpt]
    by: TERENCE ETHERTON** [2015] 1 LNS(A) xciii

  4. [2015] 1 LNS(A) xciii
    logo
    UNITED KINGDOM

    CONTRACT FORMATION AND THE FOG OF RECTIFICATION*
    by
    TERENCE ETHERTON**

    Rectification of contracts is not, on the face of it, a likely hot topic for legal interest. The speech of Lord Hoffmann in the House of Lords in Chartbook Ltd v. Persimmon Homes Ltd[1] and the judgments of the Court of Appeal in Daventry District Council v. Daventry & District Housing Ltd[2] and the views on them expressed in articles by (among others) Professor David McLauchlan[3] and Professor Paul Davies,[4] as well as in speeches by Lord Toulson[5] and Sir Nicholas Patten,[6] have now highlighted this area of jurisprudence as one worthy of close and immediate consideration. It is marred by uncertainty and complexity and needs the attention of the Supreme Court.

    The requirements for rectification for common mistake summarised by Peter Gibson LJ in Swainland Builders Ltd v. Freehold Properties Ltd[7] were approved by Lord Hoffmann in Chartbrook,[8] with whose speech all the other members of the appellate committee agreed. They were as follows:

    "The party seeking rectification must show that: (1) the parties had a common continuing intention, whether or not amounting to an agreement, in respect of a particular matter in the instrument to be rectified; (2) there was an outward expression of accord; (3) the intention continued at the time of the execution of the instrument sought to be rectified; (4) by mistake, the instrument did not reflect that common intention."

    . . .

    * Published with kind permission of the Judicial Communications Office, Judiciary of England and Wales (https://www.judiciary.gov.uk/announcements/speech-by-sir-terence-etherton-contract-formation-and-the-fog-of-rectification/).

    I am grateful to Koye Akoni and Daria Popescu for their assistance in the preparation of this lecture delivered at UCL on 23 April 2015. I am also very grateful to Professor Hugh Beale for his comments on an earlier draft of this lecture. I take full and sole responsibility for the views expressed in it. Those views are subject to change in the light of written and oral argument in any future case which may come before me.

    ** The Rt Hon Sir Terence Etherton, Chancellor of the High Court of England and Wales.


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LEGISLATION HIGHLIGHTS

Principal Acts

Number Title In force from Repealing
ACT 771 Malaysian Aviation Commission Act 2015 Not Yet In Force -
ACT 770 Special Measures Against Terrorism In Foreign Countries Act 2015 15 June 2015 [PU(B) 250/2015] -
ACT 769 Prevention of Terrorism Act 2015 1 September 2015 [PU(B) 345/2015] -
ACT 768 Technologists and Technicians Act 2015 1 August 2015 [PU(B) 286/2015] -
ACT 767 Public Sector Home Financing Board Act 2015 1 July 2015 [PU(B) 265/2015] except Parts IV, V, VI and VIII; 24 August 2015 [PU(B) 335/2015] - Parts V and VI -

Amending Acts

Number Title In force from Principal/Amending Act No
ACT A1501 Electricity Supply (Amendment) Act 2015 Not Yet In Force ACT 447
ACT A1500 Anti-Trafficking In Persons and Anti-Smuggling of Migrants (Amendment) Act 2015 Not Yet In Force ACT 670
ACT A1499 Capital Markets and Services (Amendment) Act 2015 15 September 2015 [PU(B) 369/2015] ACT 671
ACT A1498 Consumer Protection (Amendment) Act 2015 Not Yet In Force ACT 599
ACT A1497 Civil Aviation (Amendment) Act 2015 Not Yet In Force ACT 3

PU(A)

Number Title Date of Publication In force from Principal/ Amending Act No
PU(A) 267/2015 Federal Roads (West Malaysia) (Amendment) (No. 6) Order 2015 12 November 2015 15 November 2015 PU(A) 401/1989
PU(A) 266/2015 RRIM-Consult Corporation (Winding Up and Dissolution) Order 2015 11 November 2015 15 November 2015 ACT 551
PU(A) 265/2015 Malaysian Airline System Berhad (Administration) (Vesting Date) Order 2015 6 November 2015 1 September 2015 ACT 765
PU(A) 264/2015 Small Estates (Distribution) (Amendment) Regulations 2015 6 November 2015 1 January 2016 LN 495/1955
PU(A) 263/2015 Road Transport (Construction and Use) (Dangerous Goods Vehicles) Rules 2015 6 November 2015 1 January 2016 ACT 333

PU(B)

Number Title Date of Publication In force from Principal/ Amending Act No
PU(B) 452/2015 Vacations of The Federal Court 11 November 2015 6 June 2016 to 17 June 2016 and 19 December 2016 to 30 December 2016 PU(A) 150/1996
PU(B) 451/2015 Notification of Values of Crude Petroleum Oil Under Section 12 11 November 2015 12 November 2015 to 25 November 2015 ACT 235
PU(B) 450/2015 Notification of Application For Registration of New Plant Variety and Grant of Breeder's Right - Dekzidane 5 November 2015 6 November 2015 ACT 634
PU(B) 449/2015 Notification of Application For Registration of New Plant Variety and Grant of Breeder's Right - Deliradost Yellow 5 November 2015 6 November 2015 ACT 634
PU(B) 448/2015 Communications and Multimedia 1998 - Corrigendum 5 November 2015 5 November 2015 ACT 588

Legislation Alert

Updated

Act/Principal No. Title Amended by In force from Section amended
ACT 588 Communications and Multimedia Act 1998 PU(B) 448/2015 5 November 2015 Section 6 and 13
PU(A) 157/2004 Federal Roads (Private Management) (Collection of Tolls) (New Pantai Highway) Order 2004 PU(A) 240/2015 15 October 2015 First Schedule
ACT 291 Patents Act 1983 PU(B) 443/2015 3 November 2015 Section 13
PU(A) 350/2012 Excise Duties Order 2012 PU(A) 258/2015 3 November 2015 Schedule
ACT 605 Statutory Bodies (Discipline and Surcharge) Act 2000 PU(A) 253/2015 1 July 2015 Second Schedule

Revoked

Act/Principal No. Title Revoked by In force from
PU(A) 390/2001 Malaysian Rubber Board (Establishment of Corporation) (RRIM-Consult Corporation) Order 2001 PU(A) 266/2015 15 November 2015
PU(A) 436/2011 Statutory Bodies (Discipline and Surcharge) (Amendment of Second Schedule) Order 2011 PU(A) 253/2015 1 July 2015
PU(A) 479/2012 Capital Markets and Services (Prescription of Capital Market Product) (Islamic Capital Market Product) Order 2012 ACT A1499 15 September 2015 [PU(B) 369/2015]
PU(A) 478/2012 Capital Markets and Services (Prescription of Islamic Securities) Order 2012 [Revoked By Act A1499] ACT A1499 15 September 2015 [PU(B) 369/2015]
PU(B) 487/2014 Appointment and Revocation of Appointment of Registrar of Fishermen's Associations PU(B) 322/2015 Appointment - 18 May 2015; Revocation of Appointment - 4 April 2015