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CLJ Bulletin, Issue 2015, Vol 45
06 November 2015


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New This Week

1. Case(s) of the Week

  1. SIA HIONG TEE & ORS v. CHONG SU KONG & ORS [2015] 8 CLJ 1173

  2. BANK PERTANIAN MALAYSIA BHD v. KOPERASI PERMODALAN MELAYU NEGERI JOHOR [2015] 9 CLJ 1

2. Latest Cases

  1. Legal Network Series

  2. CLJ 2015 Volume 8 (Part 8)

  3. CLJ 2015 Volume 9 (Part 1)

3. Articles

  1. LNS Article(s)

4. Legislation Highlights

  1. Principal Acts

  2. Amending Acts

  3. PU(A)

  4. PU(B)

  5. Legislation Alert


CASE(S) OF THE WEEK

SIA HIONG TEE & ORS v. CHONG SU KONG & ORS [2015] 8 CLJ 1173
FEDERAL COURT, PUTRAJAYA
ARIFIN ZAKARIA CJ, ABDULL HAMID EMBONG FCJ, AHMAD MAAROP FCJ, HASAN LAH FCJ, MOHAMED APANDI ALI FCJ
[CIVIL APPEAL NO: 02(f)-101-12-2012(S)]
06 APRIL 2015

LAND LAW: Indefeasibility of title and interests - Forged transfer - Whether bona fide purchasers for value without notice obtained good title to land immediately upon registration of transfer under s. 88 of Land Ordinance (Sabah) (Cap 68) - Whether s. 88 incorporated concept of indefeasibility of title as found in s. 340 of National Land Code

LAND LAW: Transfer - Validity of - Invalid or void instrument of transfer - Bona fide purchasers for value without notice - Whether common law rule of nemo dat quod non habet applicable - Whether being a bona fide purchaser for value without notice was sufficient to avoid nemo dat rule - Whether purchasers obtained good title to land


BANK PERTANIAN MALAYSIA BHD v. KOPERASI PERMODALAN MELAYU NEGERI JOHOR [2015] 9 CLJ 1
FEDERAL COURT, PUTRAJAYA
RAUS SHARIF PCA, RICHARD MALANJUM CJ (Sabah & Sarawak), HASAN LAH FCJ, RAMLY ALI FCJ, AZAHAR MOHAMED FCJ
[CIVIL APPEAL NO: 02(f)-4-02-2014(J)]
30 SEPTEMBER 2015

UNINCORPORATED ASSOCIATIONS: Societies - Co-operative society - Application of by-laws - Charge created by co-operative society over its property in favour of lender as security for loan granted to developer - Whether ultra vires Co-operative Societies Act 1993 - Whether non-members entitled to rely on by-laws - Whether by-laws of co-operative society has force of law under s. 53 of Co-operative Societies Act 1993 - Whether there was clear nexus between loan facility and benefits to be derived by co-operative society

BANKING: Securities for advances - Guarantee - Co-operative society provided guarantee by way of a memorandum of deposit to bank and developer for development of project on land owned by society - Bank unilaterally uplifted fixed deposit following default by developer - Whether bank exhausted all legal remedies available - Whether unilateral uplifting of fixed deposit premature and contractually invalid - Whether uplifting entire fixed deposit rendered memorandum void ab initio - Whether society entitled to be put in position as if breach had not occurred - Whether society obliged to make payment for shortfall of deposit


LATEST CASES

Legal Network Series

[2014] 1 LNS 1446

JAMES ALBANUS @ RICHARD v. TAN SRI DATUK SERI PANGLIMA HARRIS MOHD SALLEH

CIVIL PROCEDURE: Parties - Locus standi - Declaratory relief to pursue a public right - Action against former Chief Minister of Sabah - Individual seeking declaration that surrender of Labuan to federal government was unlawful - Whether plaintiff had locus standi to bring the action - Whether plaintiff was seeking to enforce a public right - Whether consent of attorney general must be obtained to bring an action in relation to a public right - Whether there was a cause of action for plaintiff to sue defendant in personam

CONSTITUTIONAL LAW: Citizenship - Deprivation - Surrender of Labuan to federal government - Inconvenience in entering and leaving Labuan after Labuan became a Federal Territory - Whether could be construed as affecting plaintiff's citizenship - Federal Constitution, Article 161E(2)

[2014] 1 LNS 1701

PP v. RABIDIN SATIR

UNDANG-UNDANG JENAYAH: Bunuh - S. 302 Kanun Keseksaan - Niat untuk menyebabkan kematian - Kematian berikutan kecederaan teruk di leher akibat dari senjata tajam - Kejadian rogol dan membunuh berlaku dalam masa yang sama - Kewujudan keterangan DNA milik tertuduh pada tubuh simati - Sama ada penggunaan senjata tajam menunjukkan niat tertuduh untuk menyebabkan kematian pada simati - Sama ada intipati kesalahan dibawah s. 302 Kanun Keseksaan telah dibuktikan - Sama ada penglibatan tertuduh dengan kesalahan telah dibuktikan

UNDANG-UNDANG JENAYAH: Kanun Keseksaan - S. 376(4) - Kejadian rogol dan membunuh berlaku dalam masa yang sama - Kewujudan keraguan berkenaan sama ada simati hidup atau telah mati semasa dirogol - Sama ada pertuduhan dibawah s. 376(4) Kanun Keseksaan telah dibuktikan - Sama ada tertuduh wajar dilepas dan dibebaskan daripada pertuduhan berikutan keraguan yang timbul

PROSEDUR JENAYAH: Pendakwaan - Kes pendakwaan - Pembuktian kesalahan rogol - Kewujudan profil DNA milik pihak lain selain tertuduh - Sama ada kewujudan profil DNA pihak lain selain tertuduh dapat menjejaskan kes pihak pendakwaan terhadap tertuduh

[2014] 1 LNS 1751

TEW SIEW HONG lwn. VENAYAGAM PERUMAL & YANG LAIN

PROSEDUR SIVIL: Rayuan - Campurtangan mahkamah peringkat rayuan - Penemuan fakta - Kemalangan jalan raya - Kegagalan mengenal pasti identiti sebenar pihak yang melanggar - Kelewatan membuat laporan polis - Sama ada wajar untuk hakim bicara menolak tuntutan apabila identiti sebenar pihak yang melanggar tidak dapat dikenalpasti - Sama ada hakim bicara wajar menolak tuntutan plaintif walaupun terdapat pengakuan kewujudan kemalangan oleh defendan - Sama ada hakim bicara wajar meragui kredibiliti dan menolak keterangan plaintif atas sebab kelewatan plaintif dalam membuat laporan polis

[2015] 1 LNS 205

CHENGDU MALAYSIA EDUCATION CONSULTING SERVICE PTE LTD v. TWINTECH HOLDINGS SDN BHD

CIVIL PROCEDURE: Striking out - Action - Application pursuant to O. 12 r. 10(1) of Rules of Court 2012 - Dispute over jurisdiction - Ground for striking out action on basis of dispute over jurisdiction - Arguments relating to proper forum - Whether could prevent Malaysian court from having jurisdiction to determine action - Whether arguments relating to proper forum could be a basis to support an application pursuant to O. 12 r. 10(1) of Rules of Court 2012

CIVIL PROCEDURE: Jurisdiction - Court - Whether plaintiff met requirements of s. 23(1) of Courts of Judicature Act 1964 to commence action against defendant in Malaysia

[2015] 1 LNS 228

KHOO KHEE CHEONG v. CHEN AH MENG & ORS

COMPANY LAW: Members' rights - Petition under Companies Act 1965, s. 181 - Remedy in cases of oppression - Oppression against a director - Proposed resolution on removal of solicitors acting for company and change of bank account signatories - Whether proposed resolution affected  plaintiff's rights as a member - Whether oppression on a director comes within ambit of s. 181 of Companies Act 1965 - Whether proposed resolution amounts to oppressive conduct - Whether court could interfere with domestic and managerial decision of a company


CLJ 2015 Volume 8 (Part 8)

COURT

SC INDIA

Basappa Sanganabasappa Bahvikatti v. T Ramesh Tangavelu & Anor
(Tort; Constitutional Law - Motor Vehicles Act, 1988 - S. 166 - Compensation - Disability arising out of non-fatal accidents - Impact on functional disability) [2015] 8 CLJ 1057 [SC India]

FEDERAL COURT

Deutsche Bank (Malaysia) Bhd v. MBf Holdings Bhd & Anor
(Contract - Formation - Subject to contract - Financing transactions involving banks - Whether consensus ad idem reached) [2015] 8 CLJ 1068 [FC]

Menta Construction Sdn Bhd v. Lestari Puchong Sdn Bhd
(Contract - Rectification - Mutual/common mistake - Test under s. 30 to 32 of Specific Relief Act 1950) [2015] 8 CLJ 1117 [FC]

Sia Hiong Tee & Ors v. Chong Su Kong & Ors
(Land Law - Indefeasibility of title and interests - Forged transfer - Whether bona fide purchasers for value without notice obtained good title to land immediately upon registration of transfer under s. 88 of Land Ordinance (Sabah) (Cap 68)) [2015] 8 CLJ 1173 [FC]

COURT OF APPEAL

PP v. SS Dolphine Marine (M) Sdn Bhd & Ors
(Customs And Excise - Removal from customs control - Forfeiture of bank guarantee under ss. 56 and 61 of Anti-Money Laundering and Terrorism Financing Act 2001 - Whether application for forfeiture made within time) [2015] 8 CLJ 1189 [CA]

Rajehgopal Velu v. Ganashalingam Rajah; Majlis Peguam Malaysia (Intervener)
(Legal Profession - Disciplinary Committee - Whether Diciplinary Commitee acted on issue not complained of) [2015] 8 CLJ 1202 [CA]

SUBJECT INDEX

CONSTITUTIONAL LAW

Constitution of India - Art. 136 - Costs of Rs 25,000 awarded by Supreme Court
Basappa Sanganabasappa Bahvikatti v. T Ramesh Tangavelu & Anor
(Jasti Chelameswar J, Dr Ak Sikri JJ) [2015] 8 CLJ 1057 [SC India]

CONTRACT

Formation - Subject to contract - Financing transactions involving banks - Draft subscription agreement not executed by one party - Failure to obtain internal approval for contract - Whether enforceable agreement reached - Whether concluded contract arose from supporting documents - Whether parties not bound until execution of formal contract - Meaning and effect of phrase 'subject to contract' - Whether consensus ad idem reached
Deutsche Bank (Malaysia) Bhd v. MBf Holdings Bhd & Anor
(Ahmad Maarop, Jeffrey Tan, Abu Samah Nordin, Azahar Mohamed FCJJ) [2015] 8 CLJ 1068 [FC]

Rectification - Mutual/common mistake - Whether rectification should be allowed - Elements to be established - Test under s. 30 to 32 of Specific Relief Act 1950 - Whether objective or subjective test - Whether antecedent agreement between same parties to be considered in determining true intention of parties - Whether carelessness of complaining party a bar to rectification if impugned clause did not accord with true agreement between parties - Specific Relief Act 1950, ss. 30 & 32
Menta Construction Sdn Bhd v. Lestari Puchong Sdn Bhd
(Richard Malanjum CJ (Sabah & Sarawak), Zainun Ali, Jeffrey Tan, Azahar Mohamed, Zaharah Ibrahim FCJJ) [2015] 8 CLJ 1117 [FC]

CUSTOMS AND EXCISE

Removal from customs control - Seizure - Goods were moved from licensed warehouse to Free Zone with permission by customs officer - Allegation that goods sold to company that did not exist - Whether goods illegally removed from customs control - Whether goods were exported - Forfeiture of bank guarantee under ss. 56 and 61 of Anti-Money Laundering and Terrorism Financing Act 2001 - Whether application for forfeiture made within time stipulated by statutory provisions - Whether movement of goods in breach of law - Customs Act 1967, s. 135(1)(c)
PP v. SS Dolphine Marine (M) Sdn Bhd & Ors
(Mohtarudin Baki, Tengku Maimun Tuan Mat, Zakaria Sam JJCA) [2015] 8 CLJ 1189 [CA]

LAND LAW

Indefeasibility of title and interests - Forged transfer - Whether bona fide purchasers for value without notice obtained good title to land immediately upon registration of transfer under s. 88 of Land Ordinance (Sabah) (Cap 68) - Whether s. 88 incorporated concept of indefeasibility of title as found in s. 340 of National Land Code
Sia Hiong Tee & Ors v. Chong Su Kong & Ors
(Arifin Zakaria CJ, Abdull Hamid Embong, Ahmad Maarop, Hasan Lah, Mohamed Apandi Ali FCJJ) [2015] 8 CLJ 1173 [FC]

Transfer - Validity of - Invalid or void instrument of transfer - Bona fide purchasers for value without notice - Whether common law rule of nemo dat quod non habet applicable - Whether being a bona fide purchaser for value without notice was sufficient to avoid nemo dat rule - Whether purchasers obtained good title to land
Sia Hiong Tee & Ors v. Chong Su Kong & Ors
(Arifin Zakaria CJ, Abdull Hamid Embong, Ahmad Maarop, Hasan Lah, Mohamed Apandi Ali FCJJ) [2015] 8 CLJ 1173 [FC]

LEGAL PROFESSION

Disciplinary Committee - Findings of - Complaint against advocate and solicitor on issue of fraud - Disciplinary Committee made findings that advocate and solicitor acted unprofessionally in attesting signatures on instrument of transfer - Advocate and solicitor suspended from legal practice for one year - Whether Disciplinary Committee acted outside complaint - Whether finding and recommendation of Disciplinary Committee and Disciplinary Board null and void
Rajehgopal Velu v. Ganashalingam Rajah; Majlis Peguam Malaysia (Intervener)
(Mohd Zawawi Salleh, Vernon Ong Lam Kiat, Abdul Rahman Sebli JJCA) [2015] 8 CLJ 1202 [CA]

TORT

Motor Vehicles Act, 1988 - S. 166 - Compensation - Permanent disability - Estimation of functional disability or loss of earning capacity - Functional disability distinguished from physical disability - Manual labour cases where loss of limb is often equal to loss of livelihood - Impact on functional disability - Appellant working as goundi at building construction sites requires good health and extreme fitness as it is a strenuous task which involves lot of physical activities - Appellant's permanent disability amounting to 58% of whole body according to medical evidence - In view of suffering from general weakness and incapability of doing heavy work, inability to walk and stand for a long time, his functional disability is to be taken at 85%
Basappa Sanganabasappa Bahvikatti v. T Ramesh Tangavelu & Anor
(Jasti Chelameswar J, Dr Ak Sikri JJ) [2015] 8 CLJ 1057 [SC India]

Motor Vehicles Act, 1988 - S. 166 and Sch. II - Compensation - Determination - Disability arising out of non-fatal accidents - Reiterated loss of future earning is to be calculated under formula provided in Note 5 of Sch. II - Accordingly on facts loss of future income would work out to Rs 5,35,500 [Rs 3750 x 85% (functional disability) x 12 x 14] - For pain and suffering, amount of Rs 25,000 awarded by High Court, increased to Rs 60,000 - Total compensation payable to appellant comes to Rs 6,72,000 as against Rs 2,59,500, awarded by High Court - Appellant shall also be entitled to interest @ 9% p.a. from date of claim petition till date of payment - Debt, Financial and Monetary Laws - Interest - Compensation as interest/Interest on compensation
Basappa Sanganabasappa Bahvikatti v. T Ramesh Tangavelu & Anor
(Jasti Chelameswar J, Dr Ak Sikri JJ) [2015] 8 CLJ 1057 [SC India]


CLJ 2015 Volume 9 (Part 1)

COURT

FEDERAL COURT

Bank Pertanian Malaysia Bhd v. Koperasi Permodalan Melayu Negeri Johor
(Unincorporated Associations; Banking - Securities for advances - Charge created by co-operative society over property as security for loan - Whether ultra vires Co-operative Societies Act 1993) [2015] 9 CLJ 1 [FC]

Juara Serata Sdn Bhd v. Alpharich Sdn Bhd
(Arbitration; Contract - Agreement - Building contract - Employer refused to pay on ground that works were incomplete - Whether parties bound by arbitration clauses under agreement) [2015] 9 CLJ 37 [FC]

COURT OF APPEAL

Utusan Melayu (M) Bhd v. Lim Guan Eng
(Tort - Defamation - Libel - Whether words must be taken in isolation or as a whole - Whether article defamatory) [2015] 9 CLJ 51 [CA]

HIGH COURT

Raveen Rai Ratti B Satiapal & Anor v. Arbaiyah Hussin
(Civil Procedure - Striking out - Alternative claim from same cause of action against different defendants - Whether an attempt to circumvent limitation - Whether appeal filed in accordance with s. 28(1) of Courts of Judicature Act 1964) [2015] 9 CLJ 62 [HC]

The British School Of Kuala Lumpur Sdn Bhd v. Menteri Sumber Manusia Malaysia & Ors
(Administrative Law; Labour Law - Judicial review - Certiorari - Reference of employee's representation to Industrial Court by Minister - Whether Minister misdirected discretion in making reference) [2015] 9 CLJ 77 [HC]

Tune Insurance Malaysia Bhd & Anor v. Messrs K Sila Dass & Partners
(Arbitration - Award - Question of law - Whether arbitrator answered questions of law correctly) [2015] 9 CLJ 93 [HC]

Winsome Al-Yatama Sdn Bhd & Anor v. Pentadbir Tanah Kota Tinggi
(Administrative Law - Judicial review - Application for leave - Whether good reasons provided for extension of time - Whether non-response tantamount to 'decision' amenable to judicial review) [2015] 9 CLJ 110 [HC]

SUBJECT INDEX

ADMINISTRATIVE LAW

Judicial review - Certiorari - Challenge against Minister's decision to refer employee's representation to Industrial Court - Whether employer and employee reached mutual settlement on dispute - Whether Minister misdirected discretion in making reference - Rules of Court 2012, O. 53 r. 3
The British School Of Kuala Lumpur Sdn Bhd v. Menteri Sumber Manusia Malaysia & Ors
(Azimah Omar JC) [2015] 9 CLJ 77 [HC]

Remedies - Judicial review - Application for leave - Proceedings against decision of Land Administrator - Failure to make application within three months from date decision communicated - Whether delay justified - Whether good reasons provided for extension of time
Winsome Al-Yatama Sdn Bhd & Anor v. Pentadbir Tanah Kota Tinggi
(Mohd Nazlan Mohd Ghazali JC) [2015] 9 CLJ 110 [HC]

Remedies - Judicial review - Letter to administrative body requiring response by stipulated date - Whether non-reply per se deemed to be refusal - Whether non-response tantamount to 'decision' amenable to judicial review
Winsome Al-Yatama Sdn Bhd & Anor v. Pentadbir Tanah Kota Tinggi
(Mohd Nazlan Mohd Ghazali JC) [2015] 9 CLJ 110 [HC]

ARBITRATION

Agreement - Jurisdiction of court - Parties entered into building agreement - Certification by architect that works had been practically completed despite defects - Architect issued interim payment certificate - Employer refused to pay on ground that works were incomplete - Agreement contained arbitration clauses - Whether parties bound by arbitration clauses under agreement - Interpretation of arbitration clauses - Whether contravened s. 29 of Contracts Act 1950
Juara Serata Sdn Bhd v. Alpharich Sdn Bhd
(Raus Sharif Pca, Ahmad Maarop, Mohamed Apandi Ali, Ramly Ali, Azahar Mohamed FCJJ) [2015] 9 CLJ 37 [FC]

Award - Question of law - Reference under s. 42 of Arbitration Act 2005 - Malaysian Bar Professional Indemnity Insurance Scheme - Master Policy and Certificate of Insurance - Various act of fraud or embezzlement committed by same perpetrator on different parties - Whether defendant exhausted mandatory limit for claims - Interpretation of 'one claim' standard term clause - Findings by arbitrator that each claim ought to be accepted as separate claim - Whether arbitrator answered questions of law correctly - Whether award should be set aside
Tune Insurance Malaysia Bhd & Anor v. Messrs K Sila Dass & Partners
(Hasnah Mohammed Hashim J) [2015] 9 CLJ 93 [HC]

BANKING

Securities for advances - Guarantee - Co-operative society provided guarantee by way of a memorandum of deposit to bank and developer for development of project on land owned by society - Bank unilaterally uplifted fixed deposit following default by developer - Whether bank exhausted all legal remedies available - Whether unilateral uplifting of fixed deposit premature and contractually invalid - Whether uplifting entire fixed deposit rendered memorandum void ab initio - Whether society entitled to be put in position as if breach had not occurred - Whether society obliged to make payment for shortfall of deposit
Bank Pertanian Malaysia Bhd v. Koperasi Permodalan Melayu Negeri Johor
(Raus Sharif Pca, Richard Malanjum CJ (Sabah & Sarawak), Hasan Lah, Ramly Ali, Azahar Mohamed FCJJ) [2015] 9 CLJ 1 [FC]

CIVIL PROCEDURE

Appeal - Notice of appeal - Whether conformed to statutory form provided by rules of court - Whether should expressly state question of law - Whether appeal filed in accordance with s. 28(1) of Courts of Judicature Act 1964
Raveen Rai Ratti B Satiapal & Anor v. Arbaiyah Hussin
(Noorin Badaruddin JC) [2015] 9 CLJ 62 [HC]

Cause of action - Alternative claim - Whether inserting alternative cause of action in same writ a wrong mode - Whether must be pursued in fresh action - Whether cause of action accrued on different grounds and arose on a different date
Raveen Rai Ratti B Satiapal & Anor v. Arbaiyah Hussin
(Noorin Badaruddin JC) [2015] 9 CLJ 62 [HC]

Striking out - Application for - Amendments to statement of claim to include appellants as parties to suit - Cause of action accrued on date of incident - Whether claim time barred - Alternative claim from same cause of action against different defendants - Whether an attempt to circumvent limitation - Whether respondent rebutted fundamental issue relating to limitation
Raveen Rai Ratti B Satiapal & Anor v. Arbaiyah Hussin
(Noorin Badaruddin JC) [2015] 9 CLJ 62 [HC]

CONTRACT

Building contract - Counterclaim - Parties entered into building agreement - Certification by architect that works had been practically completed despite defects - Architect issued interim payment certificate - Employer refused to pay on ground that works were incomplete - Contractor claimed for sums due under interim payment certificate - Employee counterclaimed for monies expended to rectify defects - Counterclaim dismissed by High Court and decision affirmed by Court of Appeal - Whether there were written instructions from employer or architect concerning defects in works
Juara Serata Sdn Bhd v. Alpharich Sdn Bhd
(Raus Sharif Pca, Ahmad Maarop, Mohamed Apandi Ali, Ramly Ali, Azahar Mohamed FCJJ) [2015] 9 CLJ 37 [FC]

LABOUR LAW

Reference - Reference by Minister - Challenge against Minister's decision to refer employee's representation to Industrial Court - Whether employee voluntarily resigned - Whether there was threat of termination or dismissal by employer - Admission by Minister to not have any knowledge of facts - Whether gross indication that Minister had not appreciated full factual matrix of case - Whether Minister misdirected discretion in making reference - Industrial Relations Act 1967, s. 20
The British School Of Kuala Lumpur Sdn Bhd v. Menteri Sumber Manusia Malaysia & Ors
(Azimah Omar JC) [2015] 9 CLJ 77 [HC]

TORT

Defamation - Libel - Article published in newspaper - Based on plaintiff's speech - Allegation that words in article carried meaning that plaintiff wished to abolish New Economic Policy - Ordinary and usual sense of words in article - Interpretation of phrase - Whether words must be taken in isolation or as a whole - Whether article defamatory - Whether would incite hatred among various races in Malaysia
Utusan Melayu (M) Bhd v. Lim Guan Eng
(Mohd Zawawi Salleh, Hamid Sultan Abu Backer, Badariah Sahamid JJCA) [2015] 9 CLJ 51 [CA]

UNINCORPORATED ASSOCIATIONS

Societies - Co-operative society - Application of by-laws - Charge created by co-operative society over its property in favour of lender as security for loan granted to developer - Whether ultra vires Co-operative Societies Act 1993 - Whether non-members entitled to rely on by-laws - Whether by-laws of co-operative society has force of law under s. 53 of Co-operative Societies Act 1993 - Whether there was clear nexus between loan facility and benefits to be derived by co-operative society
Bank Pertanian Malaysia Bhd v. Koperasi Permodalan Melayu Negeri Johor
(Raus Sharif Pca, Richard Malanjum CJ (Sabah & Sarawak), Hasan Lah, Ramly Ali, Azahar Mohamed FCJJ) [2015] 9 CLJ 1 [FC]


ARTICLES

LNS Article(s)

  1. INKUES KORONER DAN PROSES AUTOPSI DI MALAYSIA DARI PERSPEKTIF PERUNDANGAN [Read excerpt]
    by: NOORFAJRI ISMAIL*
    DR. FARAH NINI DUSUKI**
    DR. AHMAD AZAM MOHD SHARIFF***
    [2015] 1 LNS(A) xc

  2. [2015] 1 LNS(A) xc
    logo
    MALAYSIA

    INKUES KORONER DAN PROSES AUTOPSI DI MALAYSIA
    DARI PERSPEKTIF PERUNDANGAN

    by
    NOORFAJRI ISMAIL*
    DR. FARAH NINI DUSUKI**
    DR. AHMAD AZAM MOHD SHARIFF***

    Abstrak

    Pemeriksaan autopsi terhadap mayat merupakan proses penting bagi koroner yang menjalankan inkues berdasarkan Kanun Prosedur Jenayah. Namun demikian terdapat ketidakseragaman dalam amalan dan praktis prosedur inkues sehingga menimbulkan keraguan umum terutamanya pihak ahli keluarga si mati. Penulisan ini merungkai cabaran dan proses perundangan sebenar inkues serta autopsi. Ianya menegaskan bahawa terdapat neksus 'medico-legal' forensik yang memerlukan pemahaman umum.

    Kata kunci: Inkues koroner, post-mortem, prosedur siasatan kematian.

     

    Pendahuluan

    Prosedur bagi kes siasatan kematian di negara ini terkandung dalam Kanun Prosedur Jenayah (“KPJ”)[1] dikendalikan oleh majistret (kini bertaraf hakim kanan Mahkamah Sesyen) mengendalikan inkuiri kematian (‘inkues”) dengan mengambil alih kuasa dan peranan seorang koroner.[2] Inkues menyiasat sebab kematian secara menyeluruh yang tidak terhad kepada penentuan melalui pemeriksaan klinikal semata-mata.[3] Inkues merupakan satu prosiding khas di bawah Bahagian VIII, Bab XXXII KPJ. Ia memberikan perincian prosedur siasatan termasuk aspek peranan pihak-pihak terlibat iaitu pihak polis, pegawai perubatan kerajaan termasuk kuasa Pendakwa Raya.

    . . .

    * Fakulti Undang-Undang UKM. Emel: fajri@ukm.edu.my.

    ** Fakulti Undang-Undang UM.

    *** Fakulti Undang-Undang UKM.


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  3. CROSS-BORDER INSOLVENCY ISSUES IN ASIA* [Read excerpt]
    by: PATRICK ANG** [2015] 1 LNS(A) xci

  4. [2015] 1 LNS(A) xci
    logo
    SINGAPORE

    CROSS-BORDER INSOLVENCY ISSUES IN ASIA*
    by
    PATRICK ANG**

    Introduction

    Practitioners in any cross-border insolvency case in Asia will tell you that the laws in a number of countries in Asia lag behind the commercial and practical realities. In some cases, others will suggest that there are no or no sufficient laws pertaining to cross-border insolvency to address commercial and business concerns.

    Local laws in Asia have to a large extent not kept pace with the fast expanding global trades and investments and are usually ill-equipped to deal with insolvency cases of a cross-border nature. This potentially leads to inconsistent administration practices and procedures and laws, which hinder the efficient or fair administration of insolvencies, or hamper any prospect of rehabilitation of the company.

    Many countries in Asia currently do not have sufficient laws to deal with the issue of co-operation in insolvency cases that have cross-border or international elements. The principle of “territoriality” often dominates, and the insolvency of a group company which covers several countries in Asia, will be resolved by reference to the specific law of the country that a particular entity is incorporated or where its assets are located.

    . . .

    * This article was originally published in the (June 2012) issue of the Singapore Law Gazette (www.lawgazette.com.sg), the official publication of the Law Society of Singapore, published by LexisNexis. Reproduced with permission.

    ** Member, Insolvency Practice Committee, Rajah & Tann LLP. E-mail: patrick.ang@rajahtann.com.


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LEGISLATION HIGHLIGHTS

Principal Acts

Number Title In force from Repealing
ACT 771 Malaysian Aviation Commission Act 2015 Not Yet In Force -
ACT 770 Special Measures Against Terrorism In Foreign Countries Act 2015 15 June 2015 [PU(B) 250/2015] -
ACT 769 Prevention of Terrorism Act 2015 1 September 2015 [PU(B) 345/2015] -
ACT 768 Technologists and Technicians Act 2015 1 August 2015 [PU(B) 286/2015] -
ACT 767 Public Sector Home Financing Board Act 2015 1 July 2015 [PU(B) 265/2015] except Parts IV, V, VI and VIII; 24 August 2015 [PU(B) 335/2015] - Parts V and VI -

Amending Acts

Number Title In force from Principal/Amending Act No
ACT A1500 Anti-Trafficking In Persons and Anti-Smuggling of Migrants (Amendment) Act 2015 Not Yet In Force ACT 670
ACT A1499 Capital Markets and Services (Amendment) Act 2015 15 September 2015 [PU(B) 369/2015] ACT 671
ACT A1498 Consumer Protection (Amendment) Act 2015 Not Yet In Force ACT 599
ACT A1497 Civil Aviation (Amendment) Act 2015 Not Yet In Force ACT 3
ACT A1496 Retirement Fund (Amendment) Act 2015 21 October 2015 [PU(B) 406/2015] ACT 662

PU(A)

Number Title Date of Publication In force from Principal/ Amending Act No
PU(A) 259/2015 Printing Presses and Publications (Control of Undesirable Publications) (No. 23) Order 2015 3 November 2015 4 November 2015 ACT 301
PU(A) 258/2015 Excise Duties (Amendment) Order 2015 2 November 2015 3 November 2015 PU(A) 350/2012
PU(A) 257/2015 Geologists (Registration of Geologists) Regulations 2015 2 November 2015 3 November 2015 ACT 689
PU(A) 256/2015 Double Taxation Relief (The Government of The Slovak Republic) Order 2015 30 October 2015 31 October 2015 ACT 53; ACT 543
PU(A) 255/2015 Money Services Business (Remittance Business) (Amendment) Regulations 2015 27 October 2015 28 October 2015 PU(A) 71/2012

PU(B)

Number Title Date of Publication In force from Principal/ Amending Act No
PU(B) 443/2015 Patents Act 1983 - Corrigendum 3 November 2015 3 November 2015 ACT 291
PU(B) 442/2015 Exemption Under Subsection 2a(2) 30 October 2015 2 April 2015 ACT 400
PU(B) 441/2015 Notice Under Subsection 70(2) 28 October 2015 1 December 2015 ACT 333
PU(B) 440/2015 Notice Regarding The Supplementary Electoral Roll For The Second Quarter of The Year 2015 (No. 3) That Has Been Certified 28 October 2015 27 October 2015 PU(A) 293/2002
PU(B) 439/2015 Appointment of Date of Coming Into Operation 28 October 2015 1 November 2015 ACT A1493

Legislation Alert

Updated

Act/Principal No. Title Amended by In force from Section amended
PU(A) 157/2004 Federal Roads (Private Management) (Collection of Tolls) (New Pantai Highway) Order 2004 PU(A) 240/2015 15 October 2015 First Schedule
ACT 291 Patents Act 1983 PU(B) 443/2015 3 November 2015 Section 13
PU(A) 350/2012 Excise Duties Order 2012 PU(A) 258/2015 3 November 2015 Schedule
ACT 605 Statutory Bodies (Discipline and Surcharge) Act 2000 PU(A) 253/2015 1 July 2015 Second Schedule
PU(A) 100/2004 Federal Roads (Private Management) (Collection of Tolls) (Western Kuala Lumpur Traffic Dispersal Scheme Highway-Penchala Link) Order 2004 PU(A) 235/2015 15 October 2015 First Schedule

Revoked

Act/Principal No. Title Revoked by In force from
PU(A) 436/2011 Statutory Bodies (Discipline and Surcharge) (Amendment of Second Schedule) Order 2011 PU(A) 253/2015 1 July 2015
PU(A) 479/2012 Capital Markets and Services (Prescription of Capital Market Product) (Islamic Capital Market Product) Order 2012 ACT A1499 15 September 2015 [PU(B) 369/2015]
PU(A) 478/2012 Capital Markets and Services (Prescription of Islamic Securities) Order 2012 [Revoked By Act A1499] ACT A1499 15 September 2015 [PU(B) 369/2015]
PU(B) 487/2014 Appointment and Revocation of Appointment of Registrar of Fishermen's Associations PU(B) 322/2015 Appointment - 18 May 2015; Revocation of Appointment - 4 April 2015
PU(A) 13/2015 Federal Roads (East Coast Expressway-Phase 2) Order 2015 PU(A) 157/2015 14 July 2015