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CLJ Bulletin, Issue 2015, Vol 42
16 October 2015


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New This Week

1. Case(s) of the Week

  1. PENGERUSI SURUHANJAYA PILIHANRAYA MALAYSIA v. SEE CHEE HOW & ANOR [2015] 8 CLJ 367

  2. PAKAS RAO APPLANAIDOO & ORS v. PENDAFTAR PERTUBUHAN MALAYSIA & ORS [2015] 8 CLJ 521

2. Latest Cases

  1. Legal Network Series

  2. CLJ 2015 Volume 8 (Part 3)

  3. CLJ 2015 Volume 8 (Part 4)

3. Articles

  1. LNS Article(s)

  2. CLJ Article(s)

4. Legislation Highlights

  1. Principal Acts

  2. Amending Acts

  3. PU(A)

  4. PU(B)

  5. Legislation Alert


CASE(S) OF THE WEEK

PENGERUSI SURUHANJAYA PILIHANRAYA MALAYSIA v. SEE CHEE HOW & ANOR [2015] 8 CLJ 367
COURT OF APPEAL, PUTRAJAYA
MOHD ZAWAWI SALLEH JCA, IDRUS HARUN JCA, ABDUL RAHMAN SEBLI JCA
[CIVIL APPEAL NO: Q-01(NCVC)(A)-166-06-2015]
07 AUGUST 2015

CONSTITUTIONAL LAW: Election - State Constituency, Sarawak - Review of division of Federal and State Constituencies for purpose of election by election commission - Publication of notice on proposed recommendations - Whether notice provided enough particulars of proposed recommendations - Whether notice defective in law and liable to be set aside


PAKAS RAO APPLANAIDOO & ORS v. PENDAFTAR PERTUBUHAN MALAYSIA & ORS [2015] 8 CLJ 521
COURT OF APPEAL, PUTRAJAYA
AZIAH ALI JCA, UMI KALTHUM ABDUL MAJID JCA, VERNON ONG LAM KIAT JCA
[CIVIL APPEAL NO: W-01(A)-194-06-2015]
13 JULY 2015

UNINCORPORATED ASSOCIATIONS: Societies - Political party - Malaysian Indian Congress ('MIC') - Allegation of irregularities in party election - Whether Registrar of Societies ('ROS') exceeded authority in giving directions to Malaysian Indian Congress to hold re-elections - Whether ROS acted beyond powers under s. 16(1) of Societies Act 1966 - Whether s. 3A of Societies Act 1966 conferred additional powers on ROS

UNINCORPORATED ASSOCIATIONS: Societies - Judicial review - Appeal against dismissal of appellants' judicial review application to quash directives given by respondents - Investigations carried out following complaints from members of MIC regarding irregularities in election - Whether ROS exceeded authority in giving directions to MIC to hold re-elections - Whether ROS acted beyond powers under s. 16(1) of Societies Act 1966 - Whether s. 3A of Societies Act 1966 conferred additional powers on ROS


LATEST CASES

Legal Network Series

[2014] 1 LNS 1384

AMBER COURT MANAGEMENT CORPORATION & ORS v. HONG GAN GUI & ANOR

CIVIL PROCEDURE: Striking out - Action - Lack of capacity to sue - Capacity to sue for defamation by management corporation and its council members - Lack of locus standi - Whether claim maintainable under Strata Titles Act 1985 and common law - Whether claim ought to be struck out for lack of capacity to sue

CIVIL PROCEDURE: Action - Capacity to sue - Capacity to sue for defamation - Legal capacity - Action by management corporation and its council members against unit owners - Whether a management corporation can maintain an action for defamation - Whether management corporation requires a resolution of its general body to commence action against unit owners - Whether council members can bring action on behalf of management council

CIVIL PROCEDURE: Pleadings - Departure from - Departure from Bahasa Malaysia version - Reliance on English version - Contradiction between Bahasa Malaysia and English version - Whether Bahasa Malaysia version should prevail - Whether a party entitled to depart from averments contained in pleading that was filed in Bahasa Malaysia

[2014] 1 LNS 1420

BAHARUDIN MUHAMAD BANIS lwn. SIEK MING HUA

KETERANGAN: Keterangan yang bercanggah - Versi fakta yang berbeza - Kewujudan frod dalam urusan pindah milik tanah - Pendekatan oleh mahkamah dalam menentukan versi yang lebih berkemungkinan - Sama ada mahkamah perlu meneliti secara khusus perkara yang telah berlaku sebelum, semasa dan selepas urusan pindah milik dalam menentukan versi fakta yang lebih berkemungkinan

KETERANGAN: Beban pembuktian - Frod - Perlakuan frod dalam urusan pindah milik tanah - Sama ada beban pembuktian terletak kepada pihak yang mendakwa kewujudan frod

UNDANG-UNDANG TANAH: Pindah milik - Kesahihan - Pindah milik tanah sebagai balasan untuk menjelaskan hutang - Kewujudan frod atau penipuan - Sama ada urusan pindah milik tanah adalah sah

[2014] 1 LNS 1425

PP v. AHMAD RIZAL UMAR

CRIMINAL LAW: Murder - S. 302 Penal Code - Ingredients of charge - Actus reus - Circumstantial evidence - Whether there was direct evidence of killing or causing bodily injuries to deceased which would cause death

CRIMINAL PROCEDURE: Prosecution - Prosecution case - Reliance on circumstantial evidence - Lack of direct evidence - Prima facie case - Police report allegedly fabricated - Whether prosecution must prove prima facie case against accused which must necessarily point irresistibly to guilt of accused in absence of direct evidence - Whether prosecution had made out a prima facie case against accused - Whether there was gap and break in chain of evidence - Criminal Procedure Code, s. 180(1)

[2014] 1 LNS 1429

PACIFIC & ORIENT INSURANCE CO BERHAD lwn. CHE OMAR CHE MAT & SATU LAGI

INSURAN: Insuran motor - Pelepasan - Tanggungan pihak insuran - Sandaran kepada sijil insuran dan jadual polisi - Dakwaan bahawa polisi insuran dan jadual insuran melibatkan kenderaan motorsikal dan bukan kereta - Sama ada sandaran pihak insuran semata-mata kepada sijil insuran dan jadual polisi mencukupi bagi melepaskan tanggungan pihak insuran

PROSEDUR SIVIL: Deklarasi - Permohonan untuk - Deklarasi untuk membatalkan polisi insuran - Deklarasi untuk pelepasan tanggungan pihak insuran - Sandaran kepada sijil insuran dan jadual polisi - Sama ada sandaran pihak insuran semata-mata kepada sijil insuran dan jadual polisi mencukupi bagi melepaskan tanggungan pihak insuran untuk membayar tuntutan ganti rugi yang bakal diberi

[2015] 1 LNS 141

PETROLIAM NASIONAL BERHAD v. PENTADBIR TANAH DAERAH KOTA TINGGI & OTHER CASES

CIVIL PROCEDURE: Parties - Locus standi - Interested party - Legal capacity to raise objection against award of land administrator and initiate reference to court - Application by a private body - Whether applicant was a person interested to make objection against award of land administrator - Whether court ought to consider land reference made by a non-qualified person pursuant to s. 37(1) of Land Acquisition Act 1960

LAND LAW: Acquisition of land - Objection against award - Objection against award of land administrator - Public purpose - Acquisition of land for purpose of petroleum refinery project - Whether land acquisition was for public purpose - Whether petroleum refinery project concerned public services or convenience


CLJ 2015 Volume 8 (Part 3)

COURT

COURT OF APPEAL

Chua Kim Hock v. PP & Other Appeals
(Evidence; Criminal Procedure; Criminal Law - Common intention - Participation in criminal act - Fatal injury) [2015] 8 CLJ 329 [CA]

Chukwudi Hassan lwn. PP
(Undang-Undang Jenayah; Prosedur Jenayah; Keterangan - Akta Dadah Berbahaya 1952 - Seksyen 39B(1)(a) - Pengedaran dadah jenis methamphetamine seberat 1,686.7g) [2015] 8 CLJ 353 [CA]

Darumalingam Sinniah v. Asian Shield Warehousing Sdn Bhd
(Civil Procedure - Trial - Procedure - Witness statement) [2015] 8 CLJ 360 [CA]

Pengerusi Suruhanjaya Pilihanraya Malaysia v. See Chee How & Anor
(Constitutional Law - Election - State Constituency, Sarawak) [2015] 8 CLJ 367 [CA]

HIGH COURT

Juta Rasmi (M) Sdn Bhd v. Magilds Park Sdn Bhd
(Contract; Company Law - Void contract - Claim for works done) [2015] 8 CLJ 399 [HC]

Koay Hean Khoon v. Abdul Jamil Abdul Mutalib & Anor
(Civil Procedure - Assessment of damages - Application for directions - Delay) [2015] 8 CLJ 410 [HC]

See Chee How & Anor v. Pengerusi Suruhanjaya Pilihan Raya Malaysia (Election Commission Of Malaysia)
(Constitutional Law; Election - Election Commission - Review of constituencies) [2015] 8 CLJ 431 [HC]

Tiow Weng Theong v. Melawangi Sdn Bhd & Other Cases
(Civil Procedure - Discovery - Application for - Discovery of documents) [2015] 8 CLJ 470 [HC]

SUBJECT INDEX

CIVIL PROCEDURE

Assessment of damages - Application for directions - Delay - Extension of time to apply for directions - Whether delay of 27 months amounted to inordinate delay - Whether defendant's contumelious or reprehensible conduct was a ground to grant extension of time - Whether extension of time to be granted - Rules of Court 2012, O. 37 r. 1
Koay Hean Khoon v. Abdul Jamil Abdul Mutalib & Anor
(S Nantha Balan JC) [2015] 8 CLJ 410 [HC]

Discovery - Application for - Discovery of documents - Whether application for discovery of documents ought to be granted when applicant failed to specify documents - Whether documents sought relevant to applicant's defence and issues to tried - Whether production of documents necessary for a fair disposal of case - Rules of Court 2012, O. 24
Tiow Weng Theong v. Melawangi Sdn Bhd & Other Cases
(Gunalan Muniandy JC) [2015] 8 CLJ 470 [HC]

Time - Extension of - Application for extension of time to apply for directions for assessment of damages - Whether delay of 27 months amounted to inordinate delay - Whether defendant's contumelious or reprehensible conduct was a ground to grant extension of time - Whether extension of time to be granted - Rules of Court 2012, O. 3 & O. 37 r. 1
Koay Hean Khoon v. Abdul Jamil Abdul Mutalib & Anor
(S Nantha Balan JC) [2015] 8 CLJ 410 [HC]

Trial - Procedure - Witness statement - Whether examination-in-chief of witness in action begun by writ must be by way of witness statement - Whether witness statement to be read out by witness himself - Counsel allowed to read out witness statement and answers - Whether there was a serious procedural flaw - Whether curable - Whether trial rendered a nullity - Rules of the High Court 1980, O. 35A r. 1
Darumalingam Sinniah v. Asian Shield Warehousing Sdn Bhd
(Mohd Hishamudin Yunus, David Wong Dak Wah, Umi Kalthum Abdul Majid JJCA) [2015] 8 CLJ 360 [CA]

CONSTITUTIONAL LAW

Election - State constituency, Sarawak - Review of division of Federal and State Constituencies for purpose of election by election commission - Publication of notice on proposed recommendations - Whether notice provided enough particulars of proposed recommendations - Whether notice defective in law and liable to be set aside
Pengerusi Suruhanjaya Pilihanraya Malaysia v. See Chee How & Anor
(Mohd Zawawi Salleh, Idrus Harun, Abdul Rahman Sebli JJCA) [2015] 8 CLJ 367 [CA]

Elections - Review of constituencies by Election Commission - Notice published in newspapers under s. 4 of Part II of Thirteenth Schedule to Federal Constitution - Whether manner of publication of notice proper - Whether sufficient information given in notice - Whether proposed review constitutional - Whether notice should be republished - Federal Constitution, First Schedule; Second Schedule; Third Schedule; Thirteenth Schedule; art. 113
See Chee How & Anor v. Pengerusi Suruhanjaya Pilihan Raya Malaysia (Election Commission Of Malaysia)
(Yew Jen Kie J) [2015] 8 CLJ 431 [HC]

COMPANY LAW

Winding up - Stay - Whether stay of winding up order had retrospective effect to validate entering into infrastructure contract - Failure to obtain sanction or approval of official receiver when entering contract - Whether contract void and unenforceable
Juta Rasmi (M) Sdn Bhd v. Magilds Park Sdn Bhd
(Amelia Tee Abdullah J) [2015] 8 CLJ 399 [HC]

CONTRACT

Claim for works done - Infrastructure contract - Appellant company wound up before infrastructure contract issued - Whether contract void ab initio - Whether appellant entitled to compensation for works done - Appellant entered contract without official receiver's sanction and approval - Failure to come to court with clean hands - Whether appellant entitled to quantum meruit - Contracts Act 1950, s. 66
Juta Rasmi (M) Sdn Bhd v. Magilds Park Sdn Bhd
(Amelia Tee Abdullah J) [2015] 8 CLJ 399 [HC]

Void contract - Void for illegality - Allegation of - Appellant company wound up before entering into infrastructure contract - Whether directors had authority to enter into contract - Whether stay of winding up order had retrospective effect to validate entering into contract - Failure to obtain sanction or approval of official receiver when entering into contract - Whether contract void and unenforceable - Whether appellant entitled to compensation for works done - Failure to come to court with clean hands - Whether appellant entitled to quantum meruit - Whether appellant entitled to invoke s. 66 Contracts Act 1950
Juta Rasmi (M) Sdn Bhd v. Magilds Park Sdn Bhd
(Amelia Tee Abdullah J) [2015] 8 CLJ 399 [HC]

CRIMINAL LAW

Common intention - Participation in criminal act - Fatal injury - Whether who among appellants had inflicted fatal injury matters - Whether all appellants criminally responsible for act inflicted by one of them in furtherance of their common intention - Penal Code, s. 34
Chua Kim Hock v. PP & Other Appeals
(Mohtarudin Baki, Zakaria Sam, Abang Iskandar JJCA) [2015] 8 CLJ 329 [CA]

CRIMINAL PROCEDURE

Appeal - Evidence - Evidence supporting finding - Failure of trial judge to consider possibility of offence under s. 299 instead of s. 300 of Penal Code - Whether trial judge was justified in finding appellants guilty of murder
Chua Kim Hock v. PP & Other Appeals
(Mohtarudin Baki, Zakaria Sam, Abang Iskandar JJCA) [2015] 8 CLJ 329 [CA]

Charge - Defective charge - Allegation of wrong location of commission of crime stated in charge - Whether charge was defective - Whether prosecution tendered sufficient evidence to justify exact location of commission of crime as stated in charge
Chua Kim Hock v. PP & Other Appeals
(Mohtarudin Baki, Zakaria Sam, Abang Iskandar JJCA) [2015] 8 CLJ 329 [CA]

Defence - Alibi - Availability of defence - Accused raised alibi at scene which was missing in charge - Whether defence of alibi must address itself to allegation as contained in charge that was preferred against accused - Whether accused had successfully justified defence of alibi
Chua Kim Hock v. PP & Other Appeals
(Mohtarudin Baki, Zakaria Sam, Abang Iskandar JJCA) [2015] 8 CLJ 329 [CA]

Prosecution - Prosecution's case - Break in chain of causation - Murder - Cause of death - Failure of investigating officer to conduct forensic investigation - Whether there was break in chain of causation in prosecution's case - Whether nova actus interveniens exist
Chua Kim Hock v. PP & Other Appeals
(Mohtarudin Baki, Zakaria Sam, Abang Iskandar JJCA) [2015] 8 CLJ 329 [CA]

ELECTION

Election Commission - Review of constituencies - Notice published in newspapers under s. 4 of Part II of Thirteenth Schedule to Federal Constitution - Whether manner of publication of notice proper - Whether sufficient information given in notice - Whether proposed review constitutional - Whether notice should be republished - Federal Constitution First Schedule; Second Schedule; Third Schedule; Thirteenth Schedule; art. 113
See Chee How & Anor v. Pengerusi Suruhanjaya Pilihan Raya Malaysia (Election Commission Of Malaysia)
(Yew Jen Kie J) [2015] 8 CLJ 431 [HC]

EVIDENCE

Adverse inference - Failure of prosecution to call witness - Invocation of adverse inference for non-calling of witness by prosecution - Existence of other independent evidence - Whether adverse inference ought to be invoked against prosecution
Chua Kim Hock v. PP & Other Appeals
(Mohtarudin Baki, Zakaria Sam, Abang Iskandar JJCA) [2015] 8 CLJ 329 [CA]

INDEKS PERKARA

KETERANGAN

Kenyataan - Kenyataan beramaran - Sama ada hakim bicara gagal mempertimbangkan kenyataan beramaran perayu - Sama ada kenyataan beramaran perayu konsisten dengan pembelaan perayu di mahkamah
Chukwudi Hassan lwn. PP
(Aziah Ali, Ahmadi Asnawi, Abdul Rahman Sebli HHMR) [2015] 8 CLJ 353 [CA]

PROSEDUR JENAYAH

Rayuan - Rayuan terhadap sabitan dan hukuman - Dadah dijumpai di dalam beg perayu semasa berada di lapangan terbang - Sama ada perayu mempunyai pengetahuan mengenai dadah yang dijumpai - Sama ada beg diberi oleh pihak ketiga kepada perayu - Sama ada sabitan dan hukuman selamat
Chukwudi Hassan lwn. PP
(Aziah Ali, Ahmadi Asnawi, Abdul Rahman Sebli HHMR) [2015] 8 CLJ 353 [CA]

UNDANG-UNDANG JENAYAH

Akta Dadah Berbahaya 1952 - Seksyen 39B(1)(a) - Pengedaran dadah jenis methamphetamine seberat 1,686.7g - Dadah dijumpai di dalam beg perayu semasa berada di lapangan terbang - Sama ada perayu mempunyai pengetahuan mengenai dadah yang dijumpai - Sama ada beg diberi oleh pihak ketiga kepada perayu - Sama ada sabitan dan hukuman selamat
Chukwudi Hassan lwn. PP
(Aziah Ali, Ahmadi Asnawi, Abdul Rahman Sebli HHMR) [2015] 8 CLJ 353 [CA]


CLJ 2015 Volume 8 (Part 4)

COURT

FEDERAL COURT

Syarikat Bekalan Air Selangor Sdn Bhd v. Tony Pua Kiam Wee
(Tort - Reynolds privilege - Whether defence only available to journalist) [2015] 8 CLJ 477 [FC]

COURT OF APPEAL

Enthiran Rajoo v. PP
(Criminal Procedure; Criminal Law - Murder - Appeal against conviction and sentence - Defences of intoxication, grave and sudden provocation, self-defence and sudden fight) [2015] 8 CLJ 503 [CA]

Pakas Rao Applanaidoo & Ors v. Pendaftar Pertubuhan Malaysia & Ors
(Unincorporated Asssociations - Irregularities in party election - Whether Registrar of Societies exceeded authority in giving directions to hold re-elections) [2015] 8 CLJ 521 [CA]

HIGH COURT

Dato' See Teow Guan v. Yeoh Jin Hoe & Ors
(Civil Procedure; Company Law - Striking out - Bringing action in name of company - Whether action properly constituted) [2015] 8 CLJ 531 [HC]

Mulpha Kluang Maritime Carriers Sdn Bhd v. Philip Koh Tong Ngee & Ors
(Legal Profession; Tort - Duty of care - Negligence - Solicitor-client relationship) [2015] 8 CLJ 555 [HC]

Re Daljit Kaur Harjan Singh; ex p Perbadanan Pengurusan Ixora
(Bankruptcy - Creditor's petition - Verifying petition - Dispute over authority of creditor's deponent to affirm verifying affidavit) [2015] 8 CLJ 573 [HC]

Shanta Manickam v. Teik Joo Chan Sdn Bhd & Anor
(Negligence; Civil Procedure - Occupier's liability - Lease of premise) [2015] 8 CLJ 611 [HC]

SUBJECT INDEX

BANKRUPTCY

Creditor's petition - Verifying petition - Dispute over authority of creditor's deponent to affirm verifying affidavit - Deponent elected as member of management corporation's council in 2012 - Failure to convene AGM in 2013 - Whether management corporation's council in 2012 remained in office until next annual general meeting - Whether creditor's deponent had locus standi to affirm verifying affidavit
Re Daljit Kaur Harjan Singh; ex p Perbadanan Pengurusan Ixora
(Wong Kian Kheong JC) [2015] 8 CLJ 573 [HC]

Jurisdiction - Jurisdiction of court - Validity of management corporation's circular resolution - Whether bankruptcy court could question validity of management corporation's circular resolution - Whether could only be challenged in Civil High Court
Re Daljit Kaur Harjan Singh; ex p Perbadanan Pengurusan Ixora
(Wong Kian Kheong JC) [2015] 8 CLJ 573 [HC]

CIVIL PROCEDURE

Pleadings - Statement of claim - Cause of action - Whether plaintiff's cause of action based on vicarious liability or occupier's liability - Whether omission to add name of tortfeasor fatal to plaintiff's claim - Whether decision given by trial judge on one stage was binding on later stage - Whether trial judge could volte-face decision passed at earlier stage
Shanta Manickam v. Teik Joo Chan Sdn Bhd & Anor
(SM Komathy JC) [2015] 8 CLJ 611 [HC]

Striking out - Application for - Whether plaintiff entitled to sue in personal capacity in respect of minority shareholders or derivative action - Whether plaintiff must define or disclose shareholders on whose behalf plaintiff represented - Whether plaintiff correctly intituled claim - Whether action misconceived - Whether plaintiff's claim frivolous, vexatious and abuse of court process
Dato' See Teow Guan v. Yeoh Jin Hoe & Ors
(Lau Bee Lan J) [2015] 8 CLJ 531 [HC]

COMPANY LAW

Derivative or representative actions - Bringing action in name of company - Whether action properly constituted - Whether plaintiff entitled to sue in personal capacity in respect of minority shareholders or derivative action - Whether plaintiff must define or disclose shareholders on whose behalf plaintiff represented - Whether action fell within exception to rule in Foss v. Harbottle - Whether action filed in bad faith
Dato' See Teow Guan v. Yeoh Jin Hoe & Ors
(Lau Bee Lan J) [2015] 8 CLJ 531 [HC]

CRIMINAL LAW

Murder - Defence - Accused person convicted for offence of murder and sentenced to death - Defences of intoxication, grave and sudden provocation, self-defence and sudden fight - Whether defences probable - Whether injuries suffered by deceased proportionate with defences - Whether there was intention to kill - Whether defences raised reasonable doubt against prosecution's case - Whether conviction and sentence safe - Penal Code, ss. 85(2), 96, 300 & 302
Enthiran Rajoo v. PP
(Mohtarudin Baki, Tengku Maimun Tuan Mat, Ahmadi Asnawi JJCA) [2015] 8 CLJ 503 [CA]

CRIMINAL PROCEDURE

Appeal - Appeal against conviction and sentence - Accused person convicted for offence of murder and sentenced to death - Defences of intoxication, grave and sudden provocation, self-defence and sudden fight - Whether defences probable - Whether injuries suffered by deceased proportionate with defences - Whether there was intention to kill - Whether defences raised reasonable doubt against prosecution's case - Whether conviction and sentence safe - Penal Code, ss. 85(2), 96, 300 & 302
Enthiran Rajoo v. PP
(Mohtarudin Baki, Tengku Maimun Tuan Mat, Ahmadi Asnawi JJCA) [2015] 8 CLJ 503 [CA]

LEGAL PROFESSION

Duty to client - Conveyencing - Sale and purchase of property - Client sought damages for breach of contractual duty and/or negligence by solicitors - Whether solicitors owed a duty of care to client - Whether solicitors breached their duty - Whether damages suffered by client too remote - Whether client contributorily negligent
Mulpha Kluang Maritime Carriers Sdn Bhd v. Philip Koh Tong Ngee & Ors
(Rozana Ali Yusoff JC) [2015] 8 CLJ 555 [HC]

Duty of care - Negligence - Sale and purchase of property - Client sought damages for breach of contractual duty and/or negligence by solicitors - Whether solicitors owed a duty of care to client - Whether solicitors breached their duty - Whether damages suffered by client too remote - Whether client contributorily negligent
Mulpha Kluang Maritime Carriers Sdn Bhd v. Philip Koh Tong Ngee & Ors
(Rozana Ali Yusoff JC) [2015] 8 CLJ 555 [HC]

NEGLIGENCE

Occupier's liability - Who is an occupier - Lease of premise - Whether second defendant parted with possession and control of premise - Whether second defendant retained sole authority to determine persons permitted to enter premise - Whether second defendant owed duty of care to visitors
Shanta Manickam v. Teik Joo Chan Sdn Bhd & Anor
(SM Komathy JC) [2015] 8 CLJ 611 [HC]

TORT

Defamation - Defences - Reynolds privilege - Whether defence only available to journalist - Whether privilege available to anyone who publishes or discloses material of public interest - Test of responsible journalism - Whether Court of Appeal erred in application of test - Whether sufficient to have honest belief in truth of statements made - Whether defendant had taken responsible and fair steps to gather, verify and publish information - Justification - Whether defendant properly pleaded Lucas-box meaning - Whether impugned words were capable of bearing reasonable meaning ascribed by defendant
Syarikat Bekalan Air Selangor Sdn Bhd v. Tony Pua Kiam Wee
(Raus Sharif PCA, Richard Malanjum CJ (Sabah & Sarawak), Hasan Lah, Ramly Ali, Azahar Mohamed FCJJ) [2015] 8 CLJ 477 [FC]

Negligence - Duty of care - Solicitor-client relationship - Sale and purchase of property - Client sought damages for breach of contractual duty and/or negligence by solicitors - Whether solicitors owed a duty of care to client - Whether solicitors breached their duty - Whether damages suffered by client too remote - Whether client contributorily negligent
Mulpha Kluang Maritime Carriers Sdn Bhd v. Philip Koh Tong Ngee & Ors
(Rozana Ali Yusoff JC) [2015] 8 CLJ 555 [HC]

UNINCORPORATED ASSSOCIATIONS

Societies - Judicial review - Appeal against dismissal of appellants' judicial review application to quash directives given by respondents - Investigations carried out following complaints from members of MIC regarding irregularities in election - Whether ROS exceeded authority in giving directions to MIC to hold re-elections - Whether ROS acted beyond powers under s. 16(1) of Societies Act 1966 - Whether s. 3A of Societies Act 1966 conferred additional powers on ROS
Pakas Rao Applanaidoo & Ors v. Pendaftar Pertubuhan Malaysia & Ors
(Aziah Ali, Umi Kalthum Abdul Majid, Vernon Ong Lam Kiat JJCA) [2015] 8 CLJ 521 [CA]

Societies - Political party - Malaysian Indian Congress ('MIC') - Allegation of irregularities in party election - Whether Registrar of Societies ('ROS') exceeded authority in giving directions to Malaysian Indian Congress to hold re-elections - Whether ROS acted beyond powers under s. 16(1) of Societies Act 1966 - Whether s. 3A of Societies Act 1966 conferred additional powers on ROS
Pakas Rao Applanaidoo & Ors v. Pendaftar Pertubuhan Malaysia & Ors
(Aziah Ali, Umi Kalthum Abdul Majid, Vernon Ong Lam Kiat JJCA) [2015] 8 CLJ 521 [CA]


ARTICLES

LNS Article(s)

  1. CURRENCY TRADING IN MODERN ISLAMIC BANK IN MALAYSIA [Read excerpt]
    by: AZWINA WATI BINTI ABDULL MANAF*
    DR. RUZIAN BINTI MARKOM**
    [2015] 1 LNS(A) lxxxiii

  2. [2015] 1 LNS(A) lxxxiii
    logo
    MALAYSIA

    CURRENCY TRADING IN MODERN ISLAMIC BANK IN MALAYSIA
    by
    AZWINA WATI BINTI ABDULL MANAF*
    DR. RUZIAN BINTI MARKOM**

    ABSTRACT

    Forex trading is one of the many issues that is dealt with under Islamic Banking law. Foreign exchange trading or forex at a point was known to be something that people did when they were travelling overseas. They would trade their home countries' currency for another and experience the present currency exchange rate. Nowadays, traders speculate on the varying values of currencies involving two countries. It is carried out for profit and sport. The dispute on paper money was settled during the third session of the OIC Islamic Fiqh Academy in October 1986. In Resolution No. 21, it was stated that paper money had the same effect as gold and silver, and thus all rulings for gold and silver shall be applicable on the paper money. This in effect made paper money a ribawi item, whereby currency exchange can only be done on the spot. However, the discussion on Bay' al-Sarf, ie, contract of exchange of money for money, had been delayed due to lack of detailed study. This paper is going to discuss the current practice of Malaysian Islamic Banks on the currency exchange which is in line with the principles of Shariah Law.

    Keyword:Foreign Exchange (FOREX); Currency Exchange; Islamic Banking; Shari'ah Law

    . . .

    * Azwina Wati Binti Abdull Manaf, Faculty of Law, Multimedia University, Malaysia

    ** Dr. Ruzian Binti Markom, Faculty of Law, National University of Malaysia, Malaysia. E-mail: azwina.manaf@mmu.edu.my; ruzian@ukm. edu.my


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  3. DELAY TOO OFTEN DEFEATS JUSTICE* [Read excerpt]
    by: LORD DYSON** [2015] 1 LNS(A) lxxxiv

  4. [2015] 1 LNS(A) lxxxiv
    logo
    UNITED KINGDOM

    DELAY TOO OFTEN DEFEATS JUSTICE*
    by
    LORD DYSON**

    (1) Introduction

    1. It is a real pleasure to have been invited to celebrate the 800th anniversary of the sealing of Magna Carta with you this evening. As you may know, I am chairman of the Magna Carta Trust, a position held by all Masters of the Rolls since the Trust was established in 1956. As you can imagine my term of office has been a little busier than that of my illustrious predecessors.[1]

    2. One of the aims of the Trust is to 'perpetuate the principles of Magna Carta'.[2] Magna Carta is a curious hotch-potch of a document. Many of its provisions cannot by any stretch of the imagination be described as principles. They include detailed measures of an intensely practical nature which reflect the economic and social conditions of the early 13th century. Some of them were aimed at resolving grievances that King John's barons had at the time; grievances that were not only directed at him, but were a reaction to the rule of the Angevins more generally.

    . . .

    * Lord Dyson Master Of The Rolls, The Law Society, Magna Carta Event (22 April 2015). Published with kind permission of the Judicial Communications Office, Judiciary of England and Wales (https://www.judiciary.gov.uk/announcements/ speech-by-master-of-the-rolls-delay-too-often-defeats-justice/).


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CLJ Article(s)

  1. DISPLACEMENT OF LEGAL PROFESSIONAL PRIVILEGE: FACILITATION OF CRIME OR FRAUD EXCEPTION[1] [Read excerpt]
    by: PROF DR MOHD AKRAM SHAIR MOHAMAD[2] & ZULFAKAR RAMLEE[3] [2015] 8 CLJ(A) i

  2. [2015] 8 CLJ(A) i
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    MALAYSIA

    DISPLACEMENT OF LEGAL PROFESSIONAL PRIVILEGE:
    FACILITATION OF CRIME OR FRAUD EXCEPTION[1]

    by
    PROF DR MOHD AKRAM SHAIR MOHAMAD[2] & ZULFAKAR RAMLEE[3]

    Abstract

    Where legal professional privilege attaches to communication between legal adviser and a client, the client is entitled to object to any third party seeing the communication for any purpose unless, (i) the client has agreed or waived his right, (ii) the advice is sought and given for a nefarious purpose, in furtherance of an illegal purpose. The brief article seeks to lay down the circumstances and the rationale where legal professional privilege does not apply and at the same time discussing the scope of the exceptions.

    Nature Of Legal Professional Privilege

    Two types of communications may be subject to legal professional privilege. Firstly, confidential communications between client and legal adviser for the purpose of obtaining and giving legal advice may be subject to legal advice privilege. Essentially legal advice privilege arises out of a relationship of confidence between lawyer and client. Unless the communication or document for which privilege is sought is a confidential one, there can be no question of legal advice privilege arising, the confidential character of the communication or document is not by itself enough to enable privilege to be claimed but is an essential requirements.[4]

    . . .


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LEGISLATION HIGHLIGHTS

Principal Acts

Number Title In force from Repealing
ACT 771 Malaysian Aviation Commission Act 2015 Not Yet In Force -
ACT 770 Special Measures Against Terrorism In Foreign Countries Act 2015 15 June 2015 [PU(B) 250/2015] -
ACT 769 Prevention of Terrorism Act 2015 1 September 2015 [PU(B) 345/2015] -
ACT 768 Technologists and Technicians Act 2015 1 August 2015 [PU(B) 286/2015] -
ACT 767 Public Sector Home Financing Board Act 2015 1 July 2015 [PU(B) 265/2015] except Parts IV, V, VI and VIII; 24 August 2015 [PU(B) 335/2015] - Parts V and VI -

Amending Acts

Number Title In force from Principal/Amending Act No
ACT A1499 Capital Markets and Services (Amendment) Act 2015 15 September 2015 [PU(B) 369/2015] ACT 671
ACT A1498 Consumer Protection (Amendment) Act 2015 Not Yet In Force ACT 599
ACT A1497 Civil Aviation (Amendment) Act 2015 Not Yet In Force ACT 3
ACT A1496 Retirement Fund (Amendment) Act 2015 Not Yet In Force ACT 662
ACT A1495 Police (Amendment) Act 2015 Not Yet In Force ACT 344

PU(A)

Number Title Date of Publication In force from Principal/ Amending Act No
PU(A) 232/2015 Federal Roads (Private Management) (Collection of Tolls) (Duta-Ulu Kelang Expressway) (Amendment) (No. 2) Order 2015 13 October 2015 15 October 2015 PU(A) 51/2009
PU(A) 231/2015 Federal Roads (Private Management) (Collection of Tolls) (Kuala Lumpur-Karak Highway) (Amendment) (No. 4) Order 2015 13 October 2015 15 October 2015 PU(A) 369/1994
PU(A) 230/2015 Federal Roads (Private Management) (Collection of Tolls) (Cheras-Kajang Highway) (Amendment) (No. 3) Order 2015 13 October 2015 15 October 2015 PU(A) 15/1999
PU(A) 229/2015 National Registration (Amendment) (No. 2) Regulations 2015 13 October 2015 15 October 2015 PU(A) 472/1990
PU(A) 228/2015 Law Reform (Marriage and Divorce) (Amendment) Rules 2015 9 October 2015 15 October 2015 PU(A) 53/1982

PU(B)

Number Title Date of Publication In force from Principal/ Amending Act No
PU(B) 401/2015 Appointment of Registrar 13 October 2015 Specified in column (2) of the Schedule ACT 685
PU(B) 400/2015 Exemption From Paragraphs 5(1)(a) and (b) 13 October 2015 15 October 2015 to 29 October 2015 ACT 206
PU(B) 399/2015 Exemption From Subsection 3(2) 13 October 2015 15 October 2015 to 29 October 2015 ACT 206
PU(B) 398/2015 Appointment of Date of Coming Into Operation 7 October 2015 15 October 2015 ACT 740
PU(B) 397/2015 Declaration of Vacations of The High Court In Malaya 6 October 2015 6 June 2016 to 17 June 2016 and 19 December 2016 to 30 December 2016 PU(A) 326/1985

Legislation Alert

Updated

Act/Principal No. Title Amended by In force from Section amended
PU(A) 27/1999 Federal Roads (Private Management) (Collection of Tolls) (Damansara-Puchong Highway) Order 1999 PU(A) 159/2015 1 July 2015 First Schedule
PU(A) 136/2015 Highway Authority Malaysia (Incorporation) (Collection of Tolls) (East Coast Express Way-Phase 2) Order 2015 PU(A) 219/2015 1 October 2015 Paragraph 1; First Schedule
ACT 671 Capital Markets and Services Act 2007 PU(A) 212/2015 15 September 2015 Schedule 3
ACT 671 Capital Markets and Services Act 2007 ACT A1499 15 September 2015 [PU(B) 369/2015] Sections 2, 5, 7, 27, 30, Subdivision 5A of Division 2 of Part II, Subdivision 7 of Division 2 of Part II, 59A, 89, 92A, 94, 95, 139ZS, 160, 201, 216, 217, 218, 218A, 218B, 218C, 218D, 219, 220, 221, 222, 223, 248, 256, 256ZO, 256ZP, 273, 280A, 298, 319, 325, 354, 355, 356, 369, 371 and 379
ACT 498 Securities Commission Malaysia Act 1993 ACT A1489 15 September 2015 [PU(B) 368/2015] Sections 2, 2A, 2G, 4, 4A, 4B, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 13, 14, 15, 17, 18, 18A, 20, 21, 22, 22A, 23, 24, 26, 29, 30, 31A, 31B, 31C, 31D, 31E, 31EA, 31L, 31N, 31O, 31P, 31Q, 31R, 31S, 31V, 31W, 31Y, 31Z, 31ZD, Part IIIB and IIIC, 126, 135, 148, 148A, 148B, 150, 150A, 151, 151A, 152A, 160, 160A and Schedule 1

Revoked

Act/Principal No. Title Revoked by In force from
PU(A) 479/2012 Capital Markets and Services (Prescription of Capital Market Product) (Islamic Capital Market Product) Order 2012 [Revoked By Act A1499] ACT A1499 15 September 2015 [PU(B) 369/2015]
PU(A) 478/2012 Capital Markets and Services (Prescription of Islamic Securities) Order 2012 [Revoked By Act A1499] ACT A1499 15 September 2015 [PU(B) 369/2015]
PU(B) 487/2014 Appointment and Revocation of Appointment of Registrar of Fishermen's Associations PU(B) 322/2015 Appointment - 18 May 2015; Revocation of Appointment - 4 April 2015
PU(A) 13/2015 Federal Roads (East Coast Expressway-Phase 2) Order 2015 PU(A) 157/2015 14 July 2015
PU(B) 319/1999 Designation of Immigration Depot PU(B) 249/2015 15 June 2015